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E Lihris 

Arturi S, Napier, 



Ir =? I • i S 

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Fbrhaps there is no work among those composed befoie the 
invention of printing, of which the popularity has been so great and 
the history so obscure, as the compilation known under the title of 
the Oesta Romanorum?- 

P^yious to the appearance of Sir F. Madden's edition of the 
English version of these stories (printed for the Eoxburghe Club in 
1838) the subject had already employed here the pens of Tyrwhifct, 
Warton, Douce, and Swan, — besides many scholars on the Con- 
tinenty — but many questions still ^mained to be resolved^ and many 

' We must be oarefnl not to confuse the work which we are now con- 
sidering with nnmeroufl other oompilationB Bometimes designated by the same 
tide. Thus Barbier, Diet, des Mtvret AnoHymes, 1824, says that the aathor 
of the IHalogtti Oreaturarum Moralimtui ascribes the Qetta to HelinaDd. 
Kow the work thus referred to in Dialogue 68 is certainly not the Oesta^ 
but the Chronicle of Helinand, which is again quoted by the same title 
hi Dialogue 64. In the same manner Holl^ot refers to the Oetta Bonuinorum 
for the story of Bomulns and Remus {MoralUat,y cap. 45), and again, more 
precisely, he says, " Narrat Fulgencius in gvodam libra de OestU Jlontanorumy" 
&c., by which he probably means the Libri Mythologiamm, Warton {HUt, 
€f Eng, Poetry, J. 241) has given several other instances in which the title 
Gewta Momanorum is given generally to a history treating of Boman affairs, 
and it is actually so quoted in the printed Latin edd. of present work, capp. 
19, 35, 39, ko. By the same rule we must explain the Mowiayn Gestes of 
Chaucer, Man 4ff Lowe's Tale, 1126; the '*grete bake of.Bjoms^' referred to 
as an authority in the Bomaiice of Sir JEglamouro (ed. Halliwell, 1. 408, and 
tee also L 1839) and the Ifvmance of Torrente qf Portugal; the Oeety$ 
Homanoruii^ cited in the lAber Ibrtivalii, leaf olzziii., ed. Wynkyn de 
Worde, 1496. Hence may be corrected Thfrwhitt, iv. 262; Ellis, Metrical 
Kemaneee, iii. 284, ed. 181 1 ; and Snan, ii. 401. Barbier also repeats the 
blunder of Panzer, Warton, and the printed catalogue of books in the British 
Museum, of ascribing to Bobert Qaguin a French translation of the Geeta^ 
when in reality his work is a translation of Livy. 


dijQicuities to be cleared away. Sir F. Madden's researches went a 
long way towards solving the problem, but still much was left unex- 
plained. The subject has, however, been since most thoroughly and 
satisfactorily investigated by Herr Hermann Oesterley, whose work, 
published in 1872, is the result of an examination of no fewer than 
165 MSS.^ preserved in English and Continental Libraries. The 
conclusions at which he has arrived will be found in the following 
pages, as well as an analysis of the yarious MSS. examined by him. 

The Gesta Bomanorum in its original form is a collection of 
fictitious narratives in Latin, compiled from Oriental apologues, 
monkish legends, classical stories, tales of chroniclers, popular 
traditions, and other sources, which it would be now difficult and 
perhaps impossible to discover. Its object was undoubtedly to 
furnish a series of entertaining tales to the preachers of the day or 
to monastic societies, accompanied by such allegorical forms of 
exposition as to convey, according to the taste of the age, information 
of a theological character or moral tendency. 

This mode of instruction was not, however, the invention of the 
compiler of the Gfesta. Instruction by the medium of fables or 
parables is a practice dating from remote antiquity, and is one 
always attended with considerable benefit. Its great popularity 
induced the monks to adopt this method, not so much for the sake 
of illustrating their discourses, as of making a lasting impression on 
the minds of their illiterate hearers. An apposite or well-told story 
would arouse attention where logical arguments or abstract reasoning 
(even supposing the monks were able to offer such) would fail to 
produce the slightest effect. This method had already been popular 
in Europe for a considerable period, of which we have instances in 
the Latin Besttarium, the Historia Schdlagtica and Allegorix of 
iPetrus Comestor, and the Fables of Odo de Ceriton, all composed in 
the 12th century.^ It is not, however, to the conyents of the monks 

* ThiB number is made up of 138 MSS. examined by Heir Oesterlej bim- 
self, and fully described in his elaborate analysis of the MSS. of the Gesta, 
and of 27 MSS., the existence and description of which were communicated to 
him by Dr Leithe, Librarian of the Royal and Imperial Library at Innsbrilch. 
(See his Geita Bomarwrumj p. 750.) 

' See further on this subject in Mr Wright's Introduction to his Latin 
Stories (Percy Society, 1842), pp. v — vii. 


that we must look for the birthplace of allegorical interpietatioii ; 
it came to them, with much of theii literature, from the East. Of 
this Sir Frederic Madden points out a striking example connected 
with the present subject, to which he was the first to direct atten- 
tion. '^The celebrated work containing the fables of Bidpai was 
brought from India into Persia about the year 510, and was trans- 
lated into Pehloi, at the command of Khosru Nouschir6van, by a 
physician named Barzouyeh. To this yersion six prefatory chapters 
were added by Buzurdjmihr, the minister of Khosru, in one of 
which, to illustrate some moral reflections on the heedless pur- 
suits of mankind, is introduced the apologue of the man who, 
flying from a furious beast, descends into a pit, wbere suspended 
from the branch of a tree, and resting his feet on the heads of 
four serpents, he is so captivated by the sight of some honey as 
to disr^ard the operations of two rats, who gnaw the root of the 
tree until he falls into the abyss, only to be swallowed by the jaws 
of a dragon already extended to receive him." Then follows the 
Morcdiias: — ^The pit is the world; the four serpents are the 
humours which compose the human body; the rats are day and 
nighty the succession of which consumes our life ; the honey is the 
enjoyment of the senses; and the dragon is death. ^ With very 
slight alterations this Morality is literally the same that occurs in 
the Latin printed editions of the Gesta,^ cap. 168, and it is only by 
the addition of the ladder, interpreted penance, that we recognise an 
addition of the monkish writer, to make the story applicable to the 
Christian system of theology. Here then is a clear proof that these 
apologues, when they passed into Europe, became probably the 
original patterns of a mode of exposition which was subsequently 
carried to such excess as to incur the sarcasm of Erasmus and the 
censure of Luther.' 

But who was the author of the Gesta, and when was it com- 
posed 1 Sir F. Madden says : — '^ To the latter of these questions an 

1 See De Sacy's MSmoire, prefixed to his edition of the Arabic verBion of 
the CalUa u JHmnah, p. 28, 4to, Paris, 1816. 

' It forms the SOth story of the English translation, MS. Harl. 7333. See 
p. 109 of the preeent volume, and the notes on it at p. 466. i 

' See Douoe's lUuitratiom, ii. 343, and Dunlop's HUL of Fiction, ii. 175. ! 


answer sufficienily satisfactory can be ^ven. Tyrwhitt was inclined 
to assign it to the end of the 12th or beginning of the 13th century,^ 
but he is in error, and Warton and Douce have agreed in attributing 
it to the first half of the 14th century. It must certainly have been 
written some years previous to the composition of the Decameron 
(1348 — 1358), so as to allow of its having become sufficiently 
popular in Italy for Boccaccio to have borrowed its stories ; and in 
England a more precise test, unknown to Warton and Douce, is 
furnished by the Moralitates^ of Robert Holkot, a celebrated 
theological writer of the Dominican Order, who died in 1349. 
These consist of 47 stories, with Moralities much in the style of the 
Gesta, from which several of the stories are borrowed with scarcely 
a verbal alteration."* 

Herr Oesterley assigns the compilation to the latter part of the 
13th or, at the latest, the early years of the 14th century.^ He 
argues that the fact of the MSS. having, even so soon as the middle 
of the 14th century, become so diversified as naturally to fall into 
the three groups or families which he points out, is of itself a proof 
that the first MS. cannot have been written later than the beginning 
of that century; and further, he mentions a MS. dated 1326 which, 
from the corruptions of words, especially of proper names, is plainly 
copied from eome earlier MS.^ 

The question. Who was the author of the Oesta f is one of far 
greater difficulty. Sir F. Madden inclined to the opinion expressed 
by Warton (in which Gemeiner,® Eschenberg,^ and Grimm® coincide), 
that the compiler was Pierre Bercheur, better known by his Latin 
name of Berchorius, a native of Poitou, who was Prior of the 
Benedictine convent of St Eloi, at Paris, and died in 1362. The 

1 See his edition of Ghauoer, 1822, vol. iv. p. 300. 

' MS. Reg. 6 E IIL, leaf 218. Tliey were printed at Yenioe in 1506, under 
the title of Moralisationet pulohra^ in v-nim Preedicatorum, (See Warton, 
I. 802.) 

• Compare cap. 21 with cap. 33 of the printed Latin Oesta, capp. 22 and 
43 with cap. 176, cap. 24 with cap. 1, and cap. 44 with cap. 91. 

• Oesta Romanorum^ p. 256. 

• Ihid. p. 257. 

• Nachr, von selt. Buck, der Regenshirger Stadthihl.^ 8o, 1785, p. 185, 

,'' Ne\te Lit. Anz,^ 1807, pp. 39 — 45. Compare Lessing's Lehen^ iii. 

• Hav4-Marehefi, iii. 371. 


ftutbofitj for ihiB sappoedtion is Solomon Glassius, a celebrated 
theologiaii of Saxe Grotha, who in his PhUologim Saercs Idbri quinque, 
-written aboat 1623, ezpiessly names Beichonus as the author, and 
quotes from the work the story of St Bernard and the dice-player, 
cap. 170.^ Sir F. Madden on this point writes: — "It would be 
very desirable to ascertain what grounds Glassius had for this 
aaaertion,^ but in the absence of further information we naturally 
reeur to the writings of Berchorius himself, and I am bound to say, 
after a tolerably minute examination of the three bulky tomes in 
which they are contained, that the internal eridence is decidedly in 
favour of Warton's argument No one can indeed rise from a perusal 
of the two works without being forcibly struck by the surprising 
coincidence of style, method, and plan of both. The authors 
quoted by the compiler of the Gesta are also cited by the Prior of 
£loi, and the same stories are familiar to both. Besides those already 
pointed out by Warton, there are several more, of which the most 
remarkable is the ' wild tale ' of the intractable elephant killed by 
two virgins, who cut off his head, and make purple of his blood, 
which occurs in cap. 115 of the printed Oesta, and in the Dictionary 
of Berchorius, v. Adtdatio, p. 109, torn. iiL ed. 1631. Another 
coincidence which escaped Warton deserves notice here. In the 
Geeia, cap. 160, is a legend of a lady possessed by a devil in the 
diocese of Valence, in Dauphiny, on the confines of Provence ; and 
in the Beductorium Morale of Berchorius, lib. xiv. cap. 44, we find 
a story of a haunted castle, placed in the same locality ; both of 
which tales might easily have been leamt by him when preceptor to 
the novices at Gluny.'" Mr Douce, on the other hand, contended 
that the author was a German, principally because in the Moralisa- 
tion to chapter 144 there is, in most of the early editions, a German 
proverb, and in chapter 142 seveitd German names of dogs. 
Warton and Grimm, on the contrary, considered these words as 

' Page 200, ed. Amsterd, 1711. 

' Dunlop is in error (il. 172) in supposing Qlaesius to have derived his 
infonnatioii from Salmeron of Toledo, an earlier divine, who died in 1685. 
His Comment, if» Ehang, JSiit. was composed after the year 1570, and he takes 
oocarion in it merely to oritioise and censure the allegorical method of inter* 
pietation adopted in the Oesta and elsewhere (vol. i. p. 856, fol. Col. Agr., ICO^), 

^ See Wartob, Hist, of Eng. Poetry ; ed. HazUtt, I. 299. 


mere interpolations of the German scril^e or editor; andj indeed, 
with respect to the proverb,^ Douce himself in a MS. note in his 
cop7 of Swan, toL iL p. 218, makes the admission — ''It is the 
German editor, not the aiUhor, who is speaking German." With 
this view Sir F. Madden agrees, and it is clearly borne out by the 
researches of Herr Oesterley, who states that the proverb does not 
appear in even one of the great nmnber of MSS. which he has 
examined, but is an addition made by the editors of the printed 
copies: — ''Das sprichwort kommt in den handschnften gar nicht 
vor."* With regard to the names of the dogs in cap. 142^ Herr 
Oesterley is decidedly of opinion that they are English, and he 
shows that they still exist in but slightly altered forms. Thus 
Bandyn becomes Bander, with which we may compare Bandog; 
Reuelin appears as Reveller, &c.^ 

Moreover, in chapter 155 of the printed Latin editions the 
author states that the story " which he relates on the authority of 
many to whom it was well-known" he had himself heard from 
natives and inhabitants of the place where it occurred, which is said 
to be Wandlebury, a village on the borders of the diocese of Ely. 
(See the epitome of the story printed in the appendix to the present 

On the whole, Herr Oesterley comes to the conclusion that tho 

* One edition of the original has — "Corabola (? parabola), vulgariter; 
die schnoek wil fliegen also hoch aU der adler, Ideo non est discretio," &ol 
Two other editions give — ** Der rctid wylt vlyegen also hoge aU der arvt 
aqnila, Ideo," &c. ; and two have the Latin rendering — " Culex oupit tarn altd 
volare, sicut ipsa aquilla." 

* Page 262. 

' ^'Diese namen nun sind englUche, Einige derselben sind bis in die 
neuste zeit hinein im gebrauche geblieben, so Richer, spater Reacher, Bandyn, 
spater Bander, vgl. Bandog, und Reuelin, verschrieben fur Reuelin, Revelin, 
spater Reveller. FUr das Emulemin ist dem zeugnisse der handschnften 
gemass Ewilemin zu setzen ; es ist mir freilich nicht gelungen, diesen namen 
nachzuweisen, aber sein englischer ursprung ist augenscheinlich. Hanegiff, 
in der moral isation als ' accipite et donate * iibersetzt, ist offenbar verlesen fiir 
Hauegifff Havegiff, Have-give, Fiir Critniel ist zu setzen TrUtvel oder 
Triswol, wie Bitrcol eine zusammensetzung des altenglischen wol. Egofyn, 
besser Egloffin, stammt vom ags. Ecqrulf^ im deutsohen parallel entwickelt zu 
^loffy 8. Forstemann, namenbuch 20. In Beamis scheint die alte bezeiob- 
nung fur Bohmen durch wenn nicht eine altenglisohe wurzel, und Belyn^ 
Trehelin endlich stammt von bellin, bellen, ist also das heutige Beller,**— 
pp. 264-5. 

• •• 


claim of Berchorius to be acknowledged as the author of the Oesta 
IB not based upon sufficiently satisfactoiy grounds, and that the 
only other name which has been suggested, Helinand, has still less 
ehdm to the title, thus leaving the point unsettled, and, in his 
opinion, one impossible at this day to determine satisfactonly.^ 

As to the origiQ of the Gesta we have no certain information. 
The GesUi in its present form had its origin undoubtedly in a com- 
bination or combinations of several collections of stories, taken 
probably from Boman history, and in use by the monks as texts for 
sermons. These stories, which were collected solely for the sake 
of the moralisations which could be extracted from them, after being 
enlarged by the addition of stories of later date, finally appeared 
imder the title of Gesta Bamanorum Moralizaia, or something 
similar.' The stories themselves were of very slight importance, 
the sole object of the compilers being to provide texts for their 
moralisations.^ Very often only the first few words of some well* 
known tale are given, followed immediately by the Moralite. Some- 
times, in the older MSS., only the story is given, a space being left 
for the Moralite, to be filled in afterwards by the scribe, or perhaps 
by the preacher.^ It was . not till very late that the story became 
the principal, and the Moralite the secondary element.^ In the 
present volume the reader will notice in many instances how slight 
Is the apparent connection between the story and the Moralite. 

It appears at first s%ht a very extraordinary circumstance that 
there should be no MS. of the printed book in existence. " But," 
says Sir F. Madden, ** if we look a little more narrowly into this 
statement we shall find that it proceeds on the assumption that the 
MSS. would resemble the printed volume as well in the order as in 

* Oe$terley, pp. 264-6. * Ihid, p. 261. 

' For iiiBtance, in cap. 126 (The Tale of the Three Black Ctowb), the story 
winds np by Ga3riog| *^vogt hoc moritur uxor ejnty et ills eenohivm intravit^ 
tret lUeras didxcit, qimrum erat prifna nigra^ seoiinda rub&Oy tereia Candida,''^ 
a circumstance which is introduced solely for the sake of the morallsation, in 
which the first letter is explained as remorse for our sins, the second as the 
memory of Christ's blood, and the third the desire for heaven. And in cap. 
171 the Moralite begins^ ^' Cari$iimif imperator itte egt pater calegtU" 
although, as a matter of fact, no emperor occurs in the story at all. 

* Oetterley, p. 261. Such is the case in the Cambr. TJnivers. MS. Ek. 1. 6. 

* Ibid, p. 262. 

xiv nrrnoDucTioN. 

the numW of the stories. Tet this is sorely not to be expected, for 
ia the title of one of the earliest editions,^ we find the yoliune to be 
eomposed of * hystorie collecte es: Gestis Romanorum et quibuadam- 
aliis libriSf* and in another it is entitled, ' Historie notabiles atque 
magis principales, collecte ex Gestis Romanorum et quihuadam aliis 
notabilibus OestisJ^ Is it not therefore probable that the editor or 
printer of the first edition should have incorporated several stories 
not originally to be found in the work ? It is very evident that th& 
long story of ApoUonios of Tyre, which forms cap. 153 of the 
augmented editions, never formed a part of the original Gesta, and I 
strongly suspect that the legend of Alexius, cap. 15, that of Pope 
Gregory, cap. 81, and several more, were introduced at the time it 
was first printed, or not long before. Schmidt, indeed, regards the 
whole of the stories from cap. 153 to cap. 181 inclusive as additions 
later than the time of Herolt [a.d. 1.418]." Sir F. Madden's opinion, 
is not, however, borne out by Heir Oesterley's investigations, for I 
find the three stories referred to in a MS. of the 14th century, 
N^ Ixxi. in Oesterley,^ though they do not seem to occur in any 
other MS. earlier than 1457. Schmidt's theory, too, can only be 
accepted as partially true, for several of the stories found in the. 
printed Latin editions after cap. 153 are also to be found in MSS. 
of the 14th century. Thus, for instance, capp. 154, 157, 165, 167, 
174, and 181 occur in the MS. N*. xxii, in Oesterley's list, the 
date of which is 1377.* 

The MSS. of the Oesta which are found in England differ con- 
siderably from those in the Continental libraries. To use Mr Deuce's 

* Sir F. Madden is of opinion that the edition described by Warton (J7r^. 
cf Eng, Poetry, I. 240), a oopy of which is in the Bodleian Library, which 
contains only 152 chapters and 117 [118] leaves, and the edition of Eetelaer 
and De Leempt at Utrecht, about 1473, containing 151 chapters, are the 
earliest editions. Dr Dibdin describes the first edition as being that of Ulric 
Zell, at Cologne, about 1472, containing 159 [7] leaves (BibU Spene. iii. 340). 
He does not, however, state the number of chapters, but in Heber's Sale, Pt 1, 
No. 3158, a copy, apparently of this edition, is stated to contain 181 chapters ; 
and it is thus, in Sir F. Madden's opinion, later than those which only contain 
152 chapters. According to Dr Eloss, Catal. Ko. 1824, it is ihe. second edition, 
the first being the Ketelaer edition, already mentioned, and the third that 
of John de Westfalia, at Louvain, containing 181 chapters. 

' Oesterley, p. 257, mentions one which begins — "Incipit tractatus de 
diversis historiis Romanorum, et quibusdam aliis." 

' Oesta Jiomanorumf p. 175. * Itnd, p. 82. 


woids, " the constroctioa lesembles that of the origmal Geeta^ from 
ivhich a great maay stories have been letained, bnt these aie always, 
newly written, and sometimes materially altered. The moralisations 
are uoifoimly different, and the proper names generally changed."^ 
From this Mr Donee formed the opinion, with which Sir F. Madden 
partially agrees, that the English MSS. represent an entirely different 
work from the Continental MSS.; and he expressed his belief that a 
thorough examination of the latter would result in the discovery of 
the original of the work. The compilation represented by the 
English MSS. Sir F. Madden designates the Anglo-Latin Oesta, and 
traces its origin to '' the popularity of the original Oegtay not only on 
the Continent, but among the English Clergy, [which] appears to 
have induced some person, apparently in the reign of Eichard the 
Second, to undertake a similar compilation in this country.''^ He 
then goes on to say, " Out of the entire number of 104' stories con- 
tained in various MSS. of the Anglo-Latin Oesta, 30 are not in the 
Latin editions, and four more are related with such variety as 
almost to constitute them different narratives.^ From a comparison 
of the texts as exhibited in the editions and the Anglo-Latin MSS* 
it is impossiUe not to be convinced that the latter compilation is 
generally based on the former, retaining in many iostances the 
precise words of the original ; yet in some cases, as, for example, in 
the story of the Three Caskets, cap. 109 of editions, and cap. 99 of 
the Anglo-Latin MSS., there is so great a diversity as to prove that 
a different authority was followed. Tyrwhitt and Warton have both 
confounded this MS. work with the edition — an error very properly 
re|«ehended by Douce. Who was the author of the Anglo-Latin version 
is not known, but the writer last mentioned suggests it might have 
been John Bromyard, an English theologian, who flourished about 
1390, the author of the Summa Predicomtium^ a voluminous digest 
of divinity arranged under alphabetical heads for the use of preachers, 

* lUkttraHonij ii. 365. * Geita Somanorfim, Introduotion, p. zi. 
' The beet MS., Had. 2270, has only 102 stories, and MS. Harl. 6259 only 

lOl, but Sir F. Madden includes also the prefatory story of Atalsnta^ prefixed 
to sereral MSS., and the story of a law made by the Emperor Octavian re- 
q>eoting the rape of a virgin, which occurs in only one MS., vi2. Harl. 3132, 
cap. 44. 

* All of these are analysed by Donee in his Dissertation on the Gesta, 


and illustrated by innumerable stories from various sources.^ He 
was evidently well acquainted with the Continental Oesta^ many of 
the tales from which he transfers to his pages, and I have frequently 
had occasion to^fer to them in the Notes to the present volume. 
The MSS. of this Ge«ta agree in general remarkably well .as to the 
text, but vary much in the order and number of the contents. The 
best MSS. have the order nearly the same as MS. Harl. 2270, which, 
although written on paper, and at a later period than some others, 
yet on the whole is the most complete and accurate copy I have 

The MSS. of the Anglo-Latin Gesta are numerous in England. 
Mr Douce ^ reckoned 25, of which nine were in the Museum, eight 
at Oxford, and eight miscellaneous, but from these last two must be 
deducted as already included in the Museum list, since the D'Ewes 
MS. is Harl. 219, and Burscough's is Harl. 2270. On the other 
hand, the researches of Herr Oesterley have added six to the list, 
Mr Douce having omitted the MSS. in the Cambridge Univers. 
libr., and at Balliol, Trinity and University Coll., Oxford. I 
myself have since discovered another in the Grenville Library, Brit. 
Mus., N^ xxii., thus raising the total to thirty. A full list will be 
found at the end of this Introduction. These MSS. are chiefly of 
the reign of Henry VI. 

Herr Oesterley, as the result of his examination of 165 MSS., 
comes to the conclusion that, notwithstanding the difference between 
the English and Continental MSS., they yet represent the same 
work, the English being the older group. 

The MSS. of the Oestay says Heir Oesterley, naturally divide 
themselves into three families or groups. These are— 

1. The English family, written in Latin. This is what Sir F. 
Madden calls the Anglo-Latin Oeataj of which the best representative 
is MS. Harl. 2270. 

2. The family of Latin and German MSS., which is best repre- 
sented by an edition in German, printed by John Schofser, at 
Augsburg, in 1489. 

' Printed at Nuremburg, 1485, folio, and often afterwards. There are 
some good MSS. of his work in the British Museum. 
* niustratiofu, &c., II. 426. 

obsterlet's account of the qksta, xvii 

3. The family represented by what he terms the Vtdgdrtext. 
The MSS. of this family constitute what Mr Douce termed the 
original Cfesta, and have been considerably altered by the influence 
of distinct collections, and especially by the Moralitatea of Eobert 
Holkoty already referred to. 

Briefly, we may sum up the results of Herr Oesterley's investiga- 
tions as follows : — That the Gfesta was origincdly compiled, towards 
the end of the 13th century, in England, whence it soon found its 
way to the Continent, where it underwent considerable alteration, 
tales being added and corruptions creeping in. From this enlarged 
compilation on the invention of printing a selection of 150 stories 
was made. This, the editio princeps, in Herr Oesterley's opinion 
was the edition (A) published by Ketelaer and De Leempt at 
Utrecht, already mentioned, a second edition of which was printed 
by Arnold Ter Hoemen, at Cologne. 

Another selection (B) of 181 chapters was made and published 
by Ulrich Zell, at Cologne, which Herr Oesterley designates the 
Vulgdrtexif or Yulgate. These three editions Herr Oesterley thinks, 
without doubt, appeared between the years 1472 and 1475, and — 
being introduced into England before there had been any opportunity 
of printing an edition from the English MSS. of the Geata, which 
constituted a much smaller collection — ^soon drove the latter into 
the background, usurping to themselves the title and character of 
the original Gesta, and rendering both unnecessary and improbable 
the printing of an edition of the English MSS. 

In this way Herr Oesterley accounts for the two facts which at 
first sight appear so strange, and which have given cause to so many 
misapprehensions relative to the history of the Gesta, viz., that (1) no 
MS. exists corresponding to the printed Latin editions of the Geda ; 
and (2) none of the English MSS. were ever printed. 

It is poasibley Herr Oesterley admits, that the Gesta may have 
been originally compiled in Germany, but after a dose examination 
of the whole subject he is of opinion that the weight of evidence is 
in favour of an English origiiL^ His investigations entirely bear out 
the conjectures of Sir F. Madden, who says: — ''It seems to me 

' Oeita Romamn^vn^ p. 266. 
GB8TA. h 

1/ ~ 


highly probahle that the editor of the first edition either made a 
selection from the different MSS. before him, or made nse of one 

which was incomplete, and that he added stories which 

never formed part of the original work. It is only, however, by a 
critical edition of the text and a careful comparison of the MSS. 
that we can arrive at the truth, and it is to be hoped that some one 
on the Continent, equally competent with Wolf Schmidt or Keller, 
will undertake the task."^ Herr Oesterley has happily proved this 
hoped-for " some one." 

Of the Latin Gesta^ as it appears in the editions, an analysis has 
been given by Warton ; but it is far from complete, since he has 
omitted no less than 53 stories, many of which deserve more atten- 
tion than some in his list. To supply this deficiency, and to present a 
perfect view of the work, as it appeared in upwards of 30 editions, 
between 1480 and 1530, a brief notice of each chapter which does 
not occur in the English translations, and of such chapters as appear 
only in the Anglo-Latin text has been included in this volume. 
Further, I have added an epitome of those stories printed by Herr 
Oesterley in his Appendix, which are to be found neither in the 
priuted Latin editions, the Anglo-Latin text, nor the English 
translations, but only in certain Continental MSS. This volume 
therefore contains, either in full or epitomised, every story which 
appears in any or all of the 138 MSS. analysed by Herr Oesterley. 

The influence of the Anglo-Latin Gesta on English poetry was 
very considerable during the reigns of Bichard II. and his successors, 
and quite equal, if not superior to, the e£fect produced on the 
writings of the Italian novelists by the Continental compilation. 
The poems of Gower, Chaucer, Occleve, and Lydgate furnish many 
instances of their familiarity with the work, whilst we have even 
stronger proofs of its popularity in the numerous quotations from it 
in the Sermonea Dominieales of John Felton, Yicar of Magdalen 
College, Oxford, who in 1431 compiled this series of discourses 
at the request of his associates.' Nor was its influence confined 

' Gsiia Mamanarum, iDtrodootion, p. z. 

' Of these Sermons there are several MSS. in the British Museum, of 
which MS. Harl. 4 was in Sir F. Madden's opinion the best Other copies are 
in MS. Harl. 868 and 6396. Mr Donoe remarks {Zllmtrationt, it 342} that 


to the earlier aathors of our conntry, bnt, as the reader will find 
pointed ont in the Notes, even Shakspere and poets of modem times 
are indebted to it for the framework of some of their finest writings. 
This Anglo-Latin Cfesta is the immediate original of the Early 
English translations, published for the first time by Sir F. Madden 
for the Boxborghe Club in 1838, and reprinted in the present 
▼oliime. These translations were, in all probability, made in the 
reign of Henry YI.^ Only three MSS. containing them are known 
to exist, two of which are preserved in the British Museum, and 
the third in the University Library, Cambridge. The first and 
most complete copy, MS. Harl. 7333, the date of which is about 
1440 A«D., contains 70 stories, comprised in a large folio volume, 
written fairly in double columns, on vellum, and probably nearly 
coeval with the work itself,^ in which are also the Canterbury Tales 
of Chancer, from a MS. of his contemporary, Shirley ; part of Gower's 
Ccnfetgio Amaniis, a great number of Lydgate's poems, and the 
Prologue to Ocdeve's translation of .^Jgidiua de Begimhie Princi- 
pum. Two of the stories were printed by Douce in his Ilhistrattons 
of Shakspere^ but the rest remained inedited until Sir F. Madden's 
edition in 1838. The second MS. used for the present compilation 
is also in the British Museum, and is MS. Addit. 9066, presented 
by the Bev. William Conybeare in 1832. It is a small folio volume, 
oonsisting of 87 leaves of vellum, written by two different hands, 
about the same date as the first, and belonged in the 16th century 
to one Grervase Lee, whose autograph and a stanza on his name occur 
on the last leaf. Li this MS. are 96 stories, 46 of which belong to 
the class of Gesta proper, and the remainder are taken from the 
fables of Odo de Ceriton, a writer of the 12th century, the miracles of 

in these Sermons the printed editions of the Oetta are only onee quoted, 
while the Anglo-Latin text is perpetually referred to. 

' Mr Donee snggested that the author may hare been Gower, Lydgate, or 
Oocleve, but Sir F. Madden did not agree in this view. In his opinion the 
last had the most claim, but the two proie moraliaations attached to his 
metrical paraphraae of two stories In the Qetta would, from their variations, 
militate against such a supposition. 

* At leaf 118 h, of the MS. is written '*Quod Iropingham "—the usual 
way of indicating the name of the scribe. Before the 52nd story of the Oegta 
(which begins on leaf 189, col. I) is also drawn a sort of rebus, consisting of 
the stock of a tree placed in a tun, and beneath, a fish. Shortly after a coat 
of arms is tricked — a saltire between four water-bougetSb 


the Virgin, monkish legends, the Vitas Patrum, and other Bouices,^ 
which have been more particularly pointed out in the Notes. It is 
easy to perceive that in this version, which differs from the former, 
41 of the stories have been taken from a MS. slightly varying from 
that used by the translator of the first series, and such variations are 
actually found in the Anglo-Latin MSS., HarL 2270 and 5259. 
The remaining five are from a completely different and abridged 
Latin text as found in MS. Harl. 219. 

The third MS. employed is a clumsy quarto, written on vellum 
and paper towards the close of the 15th century, and consisting of 
245 leaves. It is preserved in the University Library, Cambridge, 
where its shelf-mark is Kk. 1. 6. Part of the volume is written, 
and the whole rubricated, by one '' Eychard Foze," whose name is 
more than once conspicuously introduced. The former part is 
occupied by a Commentary on the Seven Penitential Psalms, and 
Meditations on the days of the week, which are only worth notice 
as being translated £rom the French by Dame Alyanore Hulle, an 
authoress unknown to fame and to Tanner. Then follow some 
poems of Lydgate, after which, on leaf 216, come the stories from 
the Geata^ in number 32 (although erroneously numbered in a late 
hand 34).^ The Moralities are uniformly omitted, and all the stories 
occur, but in a different order, in MS. Addit. 9066, with which 
version they closely agree, though they are somewhat abbreviated. 
The text is often negligently written, as indeed is the case in the 
two other MSS., and it requires the aid of the Anglo-Latin original 
to render many passages intelligible. For the purpose of comparison 
and convenience, when the same story lb in both MSS., the text of 
MS. Addit. 9066 is printed under the corresponding stories in MS. 
HarL 7333, while the various readings of the Cambridge MS., which 
has been carefully collated with the former, are shown in the fpot- 

' The Rer. J. J. Conybeare, the fonner posaessor of this MS., has added 
at the end a sammary of the olanes into which the stories may be divided, 
but he was in error in assigning no leas than 35 to the VitM Patrum, whereas 
not more than three oome from that source, and these through the medium of 
other writers. 

' The colophon on leaf 242 bk. is—" Here endith a Fewe of the Tales 
of GestiM Romonori»iM ; ** and then immediately follows a short poem with 
the title— "How Seynt Qregory saued his moderes soule by his prtfyer.*' 
(See note to Tale IxyU of the Addit MS., p. 884.) 

W. DS WOBDE's edition of the GJiSTA, xxi 

notes. Similarlyy when the story appears only in MS. Addit. 9066 
and the Cambridge MS., the text of the latter has been printed in 
fdU under the former. 

We now come to the English editions of the Gesta, In St 
John's College, Cambridge, is preserved an unique copy of an edition 
by Wynkyn de Worde of an English translation, containing 43 
stories. " The rarity and value of this volume," says Sir F. Madden, 
'* may be estimated when it ib recollected that though twice mentioned 
by Warton, and after him by Dr Farmer in his note on Shakspere's 
Merchant of Venice^ yet it escaped the diligent researches of Herbert, 
Douce, and Dibdin ; and the second of these writers was induced 
even to doubt its existence ! But in 1820 this doubt must have 
been dispelled, for at that time appeared a full description of the 
long-concealed work in the Retrospective Review^ vol. ii. p. 327, and 
was thence transferred to the pages of Hartshome's Booh Rarities of 
Cambridge, p. 398, 8vo, 1829.^ The copy is quite perfect, but has 
been cruelly ' cropt,' and is printed in the usual black-letter type of 
Wynkyn de Worde, interspersed with a few wood-cuts. The title 
appears on a riband at the head of the page — 

(&tsAz l^ntanotttm 

beneath which is a wood-cut of an emperor, with crown and sceptre, 
sitting on his throne; and on the reverse a device of the same 
emperor with a youth kneeling to him, behind whom stands a 
female apparently in the act of introducing him ; two guards are 
seen in the background. The same devices occur again in various 
parts of the 'boke,' accompanied with others, alluding to and 

' In addition to what may he read in the above works, the following par- 
ticalan of this curioUB tract may be acceptable. It is bound up with two 
others, the first of which has lost its title-page, bat is otherwise complete, and 
is itself a great curiosity, being an nniqns copy of J7ie hoJte called the 
Informacyon far Pylgrytnes tnto the holy lander printed by Wynkjm de 
Worde, 26 July, 1524. The second tract is William Thomases HUtorie of 
Italie, printed by Berthelet in 1549. The volume formerly belonged to 
Thomas Baker, the soeius ejectvs of 8t John's, who gave it to the College, 
and the present press-mark is Gg. 6. 38. The following MIS. note occurs at 
the end of the first tract — " I, Myles Blomefylde, of Burye Saynct Edmunde 
in Suffolke, was borne y* yeare folio wyng after y* pryntyng of this boke (that 
is to saye) in the yeare of our Lorde, 1525, the 5 day of Apryll betwene 
10 & 11, in y* uyght, nyghest zi, my fathers name lohu, and my mothers 
name Anue." 


illustrating some of the Oesta. The Gesta occupies 82 leaves, includ- 
ing the title-page, printed in a close and beautiful black-letter type, 
with 32 lines to the page, and the signatures run £roni A to M in- 
clusiye, in eights and fours alternately, with N 6, 4 ; and on the 
reverse of 4 is the colophon : 

f Thus endeth the boke of Gesta Eomanorum. Empiyted at 
London in Flete Strete. By me Wynkyn de Worde. 

There are 43 stories, each with its Moralisation, but they have 

neither numbers nor rubrics." 

The volume is undated, but in all probability it was printed 
about 1510 — 1515, and must from every point of view be regarded 
as a great curiosity. As to the authorship of this translation a few 
words only will be requisite. "It is very evident," says Sir F. 
Madden,^ " on a comparison of the MS. English versionB with that 
printed by Wynkyn de Worde, that the latter was founded on the 
former, but with material alterations, and the language considerably 
modernised. In general, the edition agrees best with MS. Addit 
9066, but in some few instances with MS. HarL 7333. The whole 
of the 43 stories printed are to be found in one or other of these 
MSS. except eight, which are therefore added at the end of the 
present volume, where they find an appropriate place. It would 
result, however, from this fact that the reviser of the printed 
translation, whoever he was,^ had made use of a more complete MS. 
copy than any we now possess." Another fact connected with this 
edition is worthy of notice. It is the only instance we have of a 
printed copy exactly corresponding with a MS. of the Oegta, The 
43 stories in Wynkyn de Worde were not selected at the pleasure of 
the translator from the Anglo-Latin MSS., but are taken directly 
from some MS. similar to MS. HarL 5369, written on vellum early 
in the 15th century, in which the same stories are found in exactly 
the same order, and with the same peculiarities of text. 

In the reign of Queen Elizabeth this translation was brought 
more immediately into public notice by one Eichard Eobinson, a 
man of considerable attainments, who lived by his pen, and was 

' &esta Rom-anorumj Introduction, p. xvii. 

* As will be seen below, Robinson supposed him to have been no less a 
person than John Leland, but he gives no authority for the statement. 

bobinson's sditions of thb gesta, xxiii 

author of many tnmalatioiis in prose and verse, few of which now 
surviye.^ A very curious account of his works, drawn up by his 
own hand at different times between 1599 and 1603« is in the Koyal 
MS. 18 A IxYL, horn which it appears that in 1577 he published in 
daodecimo ^* a record of Ancyent Histoyes, intituled in Latin Gesia 
JRoTnancrumj translated (auctoie, ut supponitur, lohane Leylando, 
antiquario) ; by mee perused, corrected, and bettered." He proceeds 
to inform vs that six editions of the work were printed between 
1577 and 1601 by Tho. Easte, in Aldersgate Street^ of which the 
first five impressions were dedicated to the Lady Margaret, Countess 
of ** Lyneux" (Lennox), and the last [in 1600] to the Warden of the 
Company of Leathersellers. He adds in a note written subsequently 
that another edition (making the seventh) was published in 1602, 
and dedicated to Dr Watson, Bishop of Chichester, who only gave 
the writer two shillings for his labour I^ Of these seven editions, so 
scarce are they become, Mr Douce never beheld bat one, namely 
that of 1595, a copy of which he himself possessed; and Sir F. 
Madden states that he had seen a copy of the sixth. It is certain, 
from the statement made in the preface to both these impressions, 
that Bobinson made use of a copy of Wynkyn de Worde's old 
edition, which finding, as he states, ^* both of imperfect phrase in 
the historie, and of indecent application in the moralitie," he " re- 
formed and repolishedy" that is to say, he altered and modernised 
the language^ corrected the application, and added an argument to 

* See the Brit, Bibliogr^ vol. i. p. 109, and Douce, Ulustratitmiy &c., 
vol. ii p. 424« 

I may here correct a mistake into which Donoe has fallen. He statefl^ 
p. 425, that in 1676 lioenoe was granted to R. Bobinson to print ''Christmas 
recreacions of histories and moraJizacions aplied for our solace and consola- 
cion," and suggests that "probably this was the intended title for his edition 
of the Oesta" I have been unable to find any mention of this licence in Mr 
Arber*8 JVwueripts of the Stationer » Rfigigters, but a copy of the book itself 
is in the Grenville Library of the British Museum (Press Mark, 11177). The 
full title of the book is as follows : — 

^Certain seleoted Histories for Christian Becreations with their several! 
Horaliaationa. Brought into Englishe verse, and are to be song with seuerall 
notes: Composed by Bichard Bobinson Citizen of London. Imprinted at 
London for Henry Eirkham, and are to be solde at 'the little North dore of 
8. Paules, at the signe of the black boye.*' 16mo. (The Dedication is dated 

* Not ten shillings as incorrectly stated in Hazlitt's Handhoeh to Early 
englisk Literaturef p. 227. 


each story, the number and order of which he has retained. The 
popularity, or, as Warton phrases it,^ the " familiarity " of Eobinson's 
book at this period is evident not only from the number of editions, 
but from the frequent allusions to it in the writers of the time, and 
to the very fact of its popularity we may probably attribute the dis* 
appearance of the copies and its consequent rareness. 

Of the subsequent editions of the Gesta it is unnecessary to say 
much. Hazlitt, in his Handbook to Early English LUeraiure, 
mentions no less than 15 issued between 1600 and 1703, and there 
were doubtless others. In 1703 appeared " Gesta Itomajwrum, or 
forty-five Histories, originally (as 'tis said) collected firom the Eoman 
Eecords, with Applications or Monds, &c., vol. i. Translated from the 
Latin edition, printed a.d. 1514." 12o, R. laneway, for L Davis, p. 187. 
The translator signs himself ^'presbyter of. the Church of England" 
in his Four Short Discourses, &c., sold by the same publisher. 
This work was never continued. AU the stories are from the Latin 
printed text, with the exception of the eleventh (that of Atalanta), 
which must have been borrowed from one of the editions of 
Eobinson's book. About 1720 another impression of this, with 
additions, in the shape of a chap-book, came out, entitled, ** Gesta 
Eomanonim, or fifty-eight Histories, &c. By B. P." 12o, G. 
Conyers, p. 131. The additional stories are copied from a late im- 
pression of the previous English work, and are intermixed with the 
others. A somewhat superior reprint of the last, with wood-cuts, 
appeared not long afterwards, 12o, P. Norris, and A, Bettesworth, 
1722, p. 175, with the same title, except that the initials B. P. were 
changed to A. B., probably meaning one of the publishers. Sir F. 
Madden also mentions a reprint of Eobinson's book, executed at 
Aberdeen, 12o, James Nicol, 1715 ; and another, 12o, Glasgow, 
1753. Swan's translation of the printed Latin text appeared in 
1824, and has lately been reprinted in Bohn's Antiquarian Library, 

Many of the stories in the present volume bear plain proofs of 
their Oriental origin. Thus, for example, Kos. IIL and XLVI. read 
like chapters from the* Arabian Nights ; in fact, the incident of the 
magic cloth does occur in '* The Story of Prince Ahmed " and the 

» HUtt, JSng, Poetry, I. 239. '^ 


^Ymiy Pari Banco." The absolute power, too, exeicised by the 
emperois over the knights, by the knights over their squires, and by 
heads of &milies oyer their wives and servants confirms this view^ 
which will be found fully discussed in the Kotes. 

One of the most interesting and valuable features in the stories 
is the picture which they open to us of life and manners at the time 
of their compilation* Apart from the low moral state of society as 
shown by the introduction into almost every tale of adultery, we find 
constant evidences of a chivalrous and hospitable disposition, while 
the love of tournaments appears to have pervaded all classes,^ and in 
some cases to have been carried even to excess.^ In chapter 155 of 
the printed Latin editions an interesting picture of domestic life is 
presented to us. There we find the whole family gathering round 
the fire in the winter evenings, and beguiling the time by telling 
stories. Such, we are told, was the custom amongst the higher 

Other glimpses of social life also incidentally appear: as, for 
instance, in the MordlUe to Tale Ixviii, p. 310, where the writer 
complains of ''lusticis, sherrevis, and bailifs, And such as takith 
away firo poore men & sympill a r3rng, BciL hire godis : And thei 
seiyth, ^may we not take hem, when thei give vs hem.' For if 
a poor man haue ojt to do among hem, if )»at he wolde be spedde, 
anoon he puttith forth his bond to jive hem." And again, p. 386, 
the complaints of the manner in which the rich lurrours oppressed 
their poor neighbours, and, p. 416, of the pride of ''bayles and 

Of the value of the work before us in illustrating the incorpora- 
tion of Eastern fable and classical stories with the feudal institutions 
of Europe no one can doubt who has studied its pages, and it is 
entitled to more than a usual share of consideration as the only 
instance of a compilation formed in the retirement of a cloister, 
which has had so important an influence on the literature of our 

' See for Instance No. xxvi., where we find even the nurse leaving the 
hifant alone in its cradle while she nins out to see the sport, 

* See No. Hz., p. 242 of this volume. 

' Jh hyemU inteniperie pott cenam noetu familia divitU ad foeutn, ut 
poteiUibui morit est, reeemendU atUiq^tii gestU operam darct. 


ooontry^ for boBides ahnoBt innnmerable minor poems, which will be 
found pointed oat in the Notes, this work has either directly or 
indirectly furnished to Boccaccio the gronnd-work of his tale of the 
TfDO Friends; to Lydgate of his Tale of Ttoo Merchants; to Gower 
and Chancer of their History of Constance; to Shakspere of his 
Merchant of Venice^ Lear, and Pericles (?) / to Famell of his Hermit ; 
to Walpole of his Mysterious Mother ; and to Schiller of his tale of 

With regard to the present edition, a few remarks will suffice. 
It is fu from being simply a reprint of that of Sir Eredoric Madden. 
That edition, although almost perfect in the correctness of its text, 
was not carried out according to the principles on which the publica- 
tions of the Early English Text Society are based. The expansions 
of the contractions in the MSS. were not distinguished, nor were the 
scribes strictly followed in their use of the letter ]) and of capitals. For 
the present edition, therefore, the text has been collated with the MSS. 
at least twice, and eyeiy possible care has been taken to ensure its 
correctness. The tales, as already explained, have been re-arranged, 
so as in every case where it has been possible to do so to show two 
different versions on the same page. The Glossary, Index, and short 
sketches of those stories which are found in the printed Latin 
editions and elsewhere, but which do not occur in the English MSS., 
are also new features. Sir F. Madden's notes are mainly retained 
intact, but the length of time which has elapsed since the publication 
of his edition [1838] has necessitated in many instances considerable 
alterations and additions consequent on the light thrown on various 
obscure points by the results of Herr Oesterley's investigations, as 
well as by the niunerous publications of the Early English and other 

The table which follows this Introduction will be found of 
service as exhibiting at one view where the stories of the Anglo- 
Latin Oesta are to be found, and in what order they occur, whether 

* The alterations and additions are distinguished hy being enoloeed in 
square brackets, except in the ease of the first sheet, which, by an unlucl&y 
misohanoe, was printed off before the braoKcets were inserted. It will not, 
however, be difficult for any reader to distinguiBh between the original and the 
added notes in that short portion. 


in tlie old English yersioiis, the printed Latin editions, or the edition 
of W. de Worde and his saceessors. 

HezT Oesterlej in his edition, pp. 5 — 8, enumerates 138 MSS.of 
the Oesta, and at pp. 750-1, 27 more. To these must be added the 
MS. in the Grenville Library, the existence of which was unknown 
to him, raising the total to 166, of which 132 are in Continental 

The following is a complete list of ad the MSS. at present known 
to be preserved in English libraries :— * 

' 1. British Museum, MS. Harl. 206, 15th cent. 26 cap. 



























































Sloane 4029, 













„ Grenville Libr. 

,, N». XXTT. 

14th cent 


Oxford, Bodleian MS. Douce 101, 

15th cent. 50 












































Graves 54. 




Coll. MS. 







■ 99 















































University „ 





25. Cambridge Univora. Libraiy, 6g. VL 26, 16th cent. 

26. „ „ „ K VI. 1, 1449. 


27. Cambridge Univers. Library, Mm VI. 21, 15th cent. 

28. Worcester Cathedral Libiary, MS. 80. 

29. Hereford „ „ „ 74. 

30. Dublin, Trinity College Library, G. 326. 


31. British Museum, MS. Harl. 7333, 15th cent., 70 chapt. 

32. „ „ „ Addit. 9066, „ „ 96 „ 

33. Cambr. Univ. Libr., MS. Kk. 1. 6 „ „ 32 „ 


34. British Museum, MS. Addit. 10291, 1420, 124 „ 


It now only remains for me to acknowledge the sources from 
which I have derived assistance in the preparation of this edition. 

Of Sir F. Madden's edition in 1838 I need not speak further. 
It will be sufficiently plain from what I have already said how 
greatly I have throughout the volume been indebted to him. 

For the Printed Latin text I have depended on Herr Oestcrley's 
edition — an edition so complete as to leave nothing to be desired, — 
while from his introduction and analysis of the MSS. of the Gesta I 
have extracted the material for a great part of this Introduction. 

Finally, I am indebted to Miss Toulmin-Smith for the collation 

of the greater portion of the proofs with the Harl. and Addit. MSS. ; 

to the authorities of St. John's Coll. Cambridge for their permission 

to compare Sir F. Madden's printed text with the unique W. de Worde 

volume in their library, and to F. J. Fumivall, Esq., for information 

as to tales founded on, or in imitation of, stories in the Gesta which 

have been printed by the various Societies since the date of Sir F. 

Madden's edition. 


Ihbruarfff 1879. 





Hul. SS70. 







MS. Camb. 





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• • < 

• • 1 









• • • 




• a « 





• • 4 

• • • 





• • 1 

• • • 





• • 4 

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• • 1 






• • 1 


















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• • • 





» • • 

























• 9 • 

• • • 






• • • 






















• • 

• • 



• • • 

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• • • 

* Nomben in this column in paTentheds refer to the Appendix of 
Oesterley*8 edition. The MSS. in which those tales of the Addit. MS. 9066 
which are not foand in the A-Lat, MSS. occur are pointed out in the Notes, 

t This story does not occur in MSa Harl 2270^ 5269, but is in MS. HarL 
5369 and sereral other MSSL 

X See also No. 72. 


Ptfeof this 



Vcnioii, H 8. 


Version, MS. 






f.. Latin printed 
f^l Editions. 




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• • 4 





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Latin ptIiiM 




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See also 1^ 

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Chap, xxvi*, p. 98. 

An mteresting essay on this and similar tales will be found in 
"Sketches and Studies," by Richard J. King, 1874, pp. 93—140, 
under the title "The Dogs of Folk-Lore." See also Mr Dasent's 
** Norse Popular Tales," Introduction, p. xxx. 

Chap, xxxvii*., p. 360. 

See another version of these sayings from Addit. MS. 8151, leaf 
200, back, printed in Mr Fumivall's "Booke of Precedence, &c.," 
E. E. T. S., 1869, p. 85. 


Page 168, L 13, for he firste read the firste 
„ 448, 1. 25, for Matjner's read Matzner's. 
„ 457, L 14,/c>r nitravit read intravit. 
„ 506, L 6, /or 15, x. 94, read B. x. 94. 

By an inadvertence I omitted in the Introduction to express my 
obligations to Mr W. Hooper's edition (in Bohn's Antiquarian Series) 
of Swan's translation of the printed Latin GeMa, which is a vast 
improvement on the original edition, and from which I have gained 
several hints. 




Tale iz. p. 23. A similar tale is in the Knight of La Tour-Landiy^ 
ch. cvi. p. 142. 

Tale Izvii. p. 383. See a similar tale in the Knight of La TottV' 
Landry^ ch. liii. p. 69. 

Tale ill. p. 435. To the reviewer in the Alhenceum I am indebted 
for the information that this tale, in a Latin rendering, is found in 
Bnztorfs Rabbinic Lexicon, col. 2455 (or ed. Fischer, p. 1222), where it 
18 related how Solomon nsed the worm Schamir (of which Thumare in 
the text is an evident corruption) in cutting the stones for the temple, 
eo that there should be no noise made during the work. See also 
Trevisa's Higden (Rolls Series), iii. 11. 

Tale xlix. p. 518 (Appendix). Mr. Axon has pointed out in the 
Academy^ that this and also tale cxviii. p. 522, are in Caxton's Game 
of the Chesse, the former in c. ii. bk. 2, where it is quoted from the 
ZiOmbard ffistoriograpTtery Paul. In effect the narrative is taken from 
Pauha Diacomis (Muratori, Rerum Ital, Script, torn. i. p. 465). The 
latter tale is in Caxton, c. iv. bk. 3. 

Tale cxxv. p. 523. A similar tale is in the Knight of La Tour^ 
Landry y ch. Ixxiv. p. 96, and the editor in his note says that a rather 
different version will be found in the Menagier de Paris, tom. i. p. 180. 

Page 191, last line but one, " pounce." I was under the impression 

that this was simply an error for pottce = pons, but I find the same 

spelling in Lydgate, Pylgremage of lite Sowle, Bk. I. c. zxii. p. 24 

(repr. 1859) : 

** I have been with the whan thou knewe it nought, 
Eneerchyng, loo 1 thy pounce of conscyencej* 

Page 466, note to Tale xxx., for umcoruvM read umcomus, 


^ Reysid,** p. 190, is left unexplained. It means to travel, journey, 
and so to arrive. Compare Chaucer, C. T. Prologue, 1. 54 : 

" In Lettowe had he reysed ic in Pruce," 
on which Tyrwhitt notes : '^ This is properly a German word. Eilian 
in .V. Reysen, iter facere, et ger. Militare, facere stipend! um. ' Les 
Gandois firent nne rese sur les marches de Haynault, et dedans le pays 
pillerent, bruslerent et firent moult de maux?* Mem. de la Marche, 
p. 384, where a note in the margin says, ' Reyse en has Alemand signifie 
nn voyage on course.' " 

•* Tendingys,'* p. 17, is incorrectly rendered "nursing of the sick," 

It should be " tithes.*" See Halliwell, and of. Cursor Mundi, 1. 1062 : 

" Ri^t wys he was and goddes frende, 
And lely gaf he him f^e tendej' 



(how a wife employed a negbomanoeb to cause the death of 

IBarl M8. 7338, leaf 150, eol. 2.] 

Felician regnyd emperour iu the Gyte of Eome, In the empeiie of 
whom ^ was a kny^t poi badde weddid a yoDg dameseti to wif. 
And wit^inne fewe yerys pis woman lovid by wey of synne an oper 
knyjty vndir hiie husbontl, and p&t so mocH, fat she ordeyned for 
hire husbonde to be ded. Happyng* pat pis knyjt wold goo on 
pilgrimage ouer ])e see j And feriote he seide to his wif*, " Dame, y 
woU. goo on pilgiimage, ouer fe see ; And )>erfoie goueme the wele 
the while til I come home ajen.** And wtt^ that she was glad, and 
seide, ''StV, "wip pe grace of God aH shalt be wele y-do." And 
shortly for to touche ])is mater ; he tooke his leve, and jede his wey. 
Nowe piB false quene, his wif , ordeyned for his dethe in ali )>at she 
cowde, and spake periore to a nigromauncer in piB forme : ** Myn 
hnsbond," quod she, " is bi^ende ]>e see ; I wott wite, if pan cowde 
helpe ^t he were ded by ony Graf te. Aske of me what ^u wolt, 
and povi shalt have hit." Then spake he to hyre ^ajen, and saide, 
" ^la, forsoth, lady, that I can. That knyjt shati: dye by my crafte, 
yn what cuntre of the wordle so eu^ ]>at he be ynne. And y Wott 
haue BO thing of pe for my trauayle but pe love of thyne hert." 

' leaf 160| back, col. 1. 


And she it grauntid to him. So ))is nigromancien dyd make an 
ymage of er))e, And fastenyd it in ))e wali afore him. And')>e kny3t, 
)>at was gon on pilgrimage, walkyd yn the same day in the stretys of 
Borne. So per met vnp him a clerke, the whicH hielie heheldf him. 
And when )>e kny3t percey vid it, he seide to him, " goode Sir, tett 
me why and what skile, )>at pou so beholdest me 1 ** Thenne seid 
the clerke, " Forsoth, Sir, for fy deth ; For douteles )>oa shalt ya 
yiB same day he^ ded, but it )>oa be the better holpyn." And he 
told )>e knyjt how p&t his wif was a strompet, and which purveitb 
iii I>ttt day that hire husbond shnld be ded. And when I>e knyjt 
hurde theise wordes, he had grete merueile, and seide, " A ! StV, I 
knowe w^ j^at my wif* is an hore, and long tyme ha)> y-be ; But )>at 
she euer pursuyd for my deth, pai is ynknowe to me, and periovQ I 
pfay )>e teH me if per be ony remedye ayenst my deth; and if poxx 
mowe save my lyf, sothly ali my goodys shuH be at )>yne owne 
wiH." ** 3ys," quo]? Jje clerk, " A Bemedye per is, Iff poxx wolt do aftir 
my conseil." " Jis, jis," seide pe knyjt, " I am redy to fulfift all in 
dede pat povL wolt sey vnto me." Thenne seide pis clerke, '' Thy 
wif/' he seide, '' hat^ this day spoken wiVi a man) that can of nig- 
Tomancye, to sle the by his craf te and sotilte ; and so the nigroman- 
cien hath y-made an ymage, and sette it in a wait ; and anoon he 
woH take a bowe and arowis, and shete att it. And if he wounde 
pia ymage, |)ynd herte shaH biest, where so euer poM be in )>e wordle. 
And so pon sholdiste dye ; Neu^theles do aftir my Conseil, and sone 
I shall save ))i life. Do of elle thy clo])is, and be nakidf, and go 
into a ba]?, )>at I shaH make for the." And );e knyjt dyd rijt as he 
bad him. And when he was in ^e ba]), pe clerk toke him a myroz^r 
in his hond, and seide, " Nowe pOM shalt see in this myrour aH that 
I spake of to pe,*' And thenne seide he, "ye, sothly I see aH 
opynly in myne hous, ^at pOM spakist of to me. And now pe 
myst^-man takith his bowe, and woll schete att pe ymage." Thenne 
seide the clerk, '' Sir, as poTX lovist );i lif, what tyme that he drawilfi 
lus bowe, Bowe thyne bed vndir the watir; For if pou do not, 
certenly ^y ymage shaH be smytene, and pon both." And when 
pe knyjt sawe him begynne forto drawe his bowe, he dyd as J^e 

' by, MS. 


clerke conseilid hiiiL And tbenne seide pe clerk, " What seist fou 
nowV ''For8ot&/' quop he, ''now hatil he schote an arowe at the 
ymage ; And for y&t he ^failitil of hlB strook, he makit& moch sorowe." 
Thenne seide ^e clerke, " 3e, that is goode tjdyng for pQ ; For if he 
had smyten ye ymage, ^u sholdist have I-be ded. But loke nowe 
on the myrour, and teti me what fon seist." '' Now he takith an 
operaiowoy and vrM thete ajen." ''Do thenne," quo]> the Clerke, 
as pOM dyd afore, or ellis you shalt be ded." And ferfoxe the knyjt 
putte aXt his hede yndir ^e water. And whenne he had so y-done, 
he raisid hit vp ajen, And seyde to pe clerke, " He makith sorowe 
nowe more pan ony man woH trowe. For he smot not pe ymage ; And 
he Cryed to my wif, seiyng*, ])at if I fayle the third tyme, I am but 
ded my selfe. And ]>yne husbond sh^ ly ve ; And my wif m&kip 
perioT moch lamentacioxL*' " loke a^en,'* seide pe clerke, " and tett 
me what he do])." " Forso])e," seide he, " he hath bend his bowe, 
and goith ny to ]>e ymage for to shete; and peiiov I drede now 
gretly." " Do Jerfore," seide the clerke, " do as I bade doo afore, 
and died pe no^yng*." So ^e kny^t, whenne he sawe the scheter 
drawe his bowe, he swapte his bed vndir pe watir, as he dyd afore 3 
And thenne he toke it yp ajen, And lokid yn ^e myrour, and he lowj 
wiih a gret myrth. "I sey," quod the clerke, " whi law^ist pou soof " 
"For the aicher wold have y-schot at the ymage, And he hath 
y-schotte him selfe in pe lungen), and lyeth ded ; And my wif makith 
sorowe w»t^ oute ende, And woH hyde his body by hire beddys syde." 
" 3®» Str," quod the clerke, " now pou haste )>i lif savid, do jeld to 
me my mode, and go j farweH." Thenne the kny3t ^af him mede as 
he woli: aske. And ^e kny}t went hom, and fond pe body yndir the 
bedde of his wif* ; and he jede to pe Meyre of pe towne. And told 
him howe his wife hadde don in his absence. Thenne when pe 
Meyre and pe statys sawe ^is doyng, pej made pe wif to be slayne, 
And hire herte to be departid yn to ]>re parteis, in tokne and em- 
sampiH of yeniaunce. And the goode man) toke an oper wif, and 
faire endid his lifTe. 

' leaf 150, bMk, ool. 2. 



SeitH nowe, goode men; )>is emperour I CeB. owre lord ihe^n 
Criste j ])e empire is fia woidle, in which is moch aducrsite ; For att 
]>at is in ]>e wordle oper it is fals coueldse of flesch, or fals couetise of 
yen, or prowde of lif. The wif that lovith not hire husbondf is J>i 
flesch, ]7at dispisith sB. werkis that );e spirite lovith Now in spek- 
ing gostely of j^is mat^, while ]>at a man goith in pilg7*image, Serys, 
that is to sey,' In werke pf ony goode dede td be fuH-filled, Thenne 
the flesh spekith with pe nigromancier, acU, ]>e deviH; And ]>at he 
dol^ as ofte tyme as he grucchith ajenst pe spirit, and sesith fro 
werkis of penaunce, wherby ]>e spirit may be slayne. For it is as ]>e 
apostiH seith, Caro concupiseit adu^'sue spidtum, ^et spiritus adversus 
camem, This is to vndirstonde. The flesch desirith thing ^at is ajenst 
^e spirite, And pQ spirit desirith thing ajenst pe flesch. The derke 
fat helpith pe knyjt is a discrete confessour or a prechour, Which 
techith a man How pvCt he shaH defende him ajenst pe dartys of fe 
devifi. This mgromancer [that] is pe deviH, biginnitlL to schete an 
arowe att the ymage, — what is pat 1 The Eeson) wMin a mafi. But 
beware )>at he hit not him vrith his arowe, adil. Envy or anarice. For 
if he do, w/t^otfte doute he shaU: dye ini eu^rmore lastyng* deth. And 
pertoia poxi itfost putte downe )>yn) he(), — ^what is ]>at 1 Thyne old lif 
of synne, and entre jtL to pa bath of confession). And pou. most 
holdf in thy bond a myrour, acil, holy doctrine, ))at prelatis and 
prestis euery day shewith, by pa whiciL pOM shalt Bha a& p^riliB ]>at 
perteyniih to ])i soiile. And also holdyng downe of ^e bed in pa 
batil, is to be redy to goo yndir ])e ^oke of penance, and submitte )>e 
to it that shali be enioyned to ))e ; and )>at is not hard, witnessing 
])e sauioar him seUe, wher he seil^ Juffum meum guaue^ et ontis 
meum leue, Lo ! my ^ke, he seit^, is s^ete, and my charge is light*. 
And if poll do )>us, no doute of poxi shalt stonde ajenst aH the shotis 
))at ])e deviH can shete to ^e; And his shotis shaH tume to his 
owne sorowe, and encresing of his peyne in ])e bed of h^, wher he 
shaH be buryed. Now ])an most a prelate honge the wif* — what 
bymenyth that ! Forsotb ]>at consciens and discrecion) late ])e flesh 

> leaf 161, coL L 


be hongyd on fe iebet of penaunce. Of J)e which maner of living fe 
ApostiH spekith ^is, Susperuiium elegit anima mea, This is to sey, my 
soule hath chosen )>e iebet, bcU. doyng of penaunce. And after )>e 
herte is departid ynto thre parleys, that is, the flesh is devidid ynto 
prey sciL praying*, Ahnysdede, and fastyng. And Ihenne f<m shalt 
take a new wif, scil. a spirit^ obediente to a new gouemannce ; And 
thenne par consequens pou shalt have euermore lastyng lif*, Ad quam 
no8 ei vosperdvcaif &c. 

(of a knight who assisted a serpent against a toad, and was 

IN turn saved by it. HARL, MS, 7833.) 

Lucius was a wise Emperour regnyd in ))e Cite of Rome, yn ])e 
hous of whom ^er was a noblH knyghf , )>e which kny3t as he rode 
or jede in A Certeyne day in emndis of ]7e emparoui', he sawe afer a 
serpent and a toode fi3te to-geder ; But ])e tode hadde ny ]>e victorie, 
and ny ouercome ])e serpent And ^whenne the knyth sawe j^is 
hataifi, he com to, An smot the toode, and deliuered ])e serpent fro 
deth. So aftirwarc) whenne the knyjt was on his bed, and grete 
lobour |)at he hadde on the day Afore made him to slepe hard ; And 
alle ^ tyme )ye toode had folowid him afer. And whenne the 
knyjt was a-slepe, ])e toode enteryd in to his be<$. And ^ede vp on \q 
hrest of ])e kny3t, afore ]>e herte, And ther he fastenydf his iiij feete. 
And when )>e kny^t was wakidf of his slepe, he perceyvid ))e toode, 
and itiih a ferdnesse clepyd his Chambirlayne, and bad him to geete 
a lijt. And whenne the candelt was li^t, ])ey sawe fully the toode 
sitting on his brest ; And none of hem might pluk it awey wtt^ no 
crafte. And ^enne seide ]>e knyjt, "Alias I j^is is ]>e toode ]>at I 
smot for ])e sarpent ; Alias 1 now it woti: sle me." And so sat ])e 
toode alle ])at jere, and secke his blod, in manar of a childe att y^ 
pappis of his modir, So that the knyjt was ny distroyd and lost^ 
Nethir ^er was no leche that myjt helpe him. Tho pis kny3t made 
his testament, and made him redy 'to his deth ; And ofte tyme he 

> gprlt, MS» ' leaf 151, ool. 2* 


Ysid to ligge ny fe ^le, for to haue comfort and recreacioi]) of )>e fini 
And as he lay in a certeyne tyme by the fire, in sijyngis and gryni- 
ingis, he lokid toward pQ dore of ]7e haA, and he saw ^ serpent, 
which ))at he helpe ajenst pe toode, stonde in the dore. And anoon) 
pe kn^yt cride to his seniauntis, and seide, '* goo je out of ]>e hal 
echon, for I se it for whos love I suffre this torment ; for I trowe 
that now he woH fi^t wtt^ this toode, that thos^ nojip me." And 
chaigid hem ]>at pei ^huld come ajen with oute delay, whenne he 
cryde afber hem, put pei shidde helpe ))e serpent in aH ))at ]>ei myjte 
a^enst pe toode ; For if pe toode slo pe serpent, pe same toode woM 
sle him after. And the seruauntis jede out of the haH echon. 
And the serpent enterid into pe halle ; And whenne pe toode saw 
him come, he drow out on of his feet fro pe brest, And after pt 
secunde, and so pe third, and ^e f urth. And he sterte to pe serpent^ 
in pe myddis of pe hail, And per thei fou^te to-geder. And whan 
the knyjt sawe )»is, he was ynly glad, and cryde After his seruauntis, 
and seide, '' helpi]> now, helpe, hel^e, 9& that ben my meyny ! *" 
And whenne pe seruauntis hirde hire lord orye, they come in with a 
swift cours, and slow the toode withe staffis and swerdis. Tho pt 
serpent ascendid in to pe brest of ^e knyjt, ^wher as the toode had 
y-fastenydf his feete ; And yn pe same place wher as the toode had 
sette his first foote, he drow out aH pe yenyn) ]>at was lefte in pe 
knyjt, and [cast] it out afore aH men» And ])en pe kny^t com" 
maundid to bis seruauntej, ))at ]>ei shuld jeve swete milke to pe 
serpent ; And so it was y-do in dede. And ))0 pe serpent drow to 
the dore, and bowid doun hii hede to pe knyjt, As thonkyng* him for 
saving of his life ; And after pat pe serpent was no more y-seyn), and 
the kny^t leceivid! hele, And endid fisdre his life. 


Dere irendis, this Emperour is the fadir o hevene ; The kny^t 
is euery good cristin man that lovith god w/tA perfite herte ; The 
serpent \a our lord Iheeus Crist ; And pe toode is pe deviH. Theise 
two fowte to-geder vn to ]7e time ]>at pe toode, bcU, the deviH, had 
ny pe victorie, In so moch pet he hadde ny take in to his power a& 

* Mb, MS. ' leaf 151, back, col. 1. 


hit peple, afore ]ye Advente of criste. And ))erfor, man, do as dyd 
y^ knyte; helpe \i lord a3enst the deviH, by dojng of mmtory 
workis, and so he shaH be confoundid. So at ))e laste ^ deviH: had 
envenemyd att mankynd, And lay vpon) our breste^, and held in )>e 
bond of semitate of synne, set/, oure first faderis, with aH hire 
oCupringe ; And drowe hem to heH, ynto )>e time ]>at ]>e serpent com 
^n, soZ. our lord^ JhesM Criste, ]>at sterte in to ]>e crosse, and 
fowte ^er "wiih ))e toode, and cast out all ]>e venym of synne, bi his 
bfessid passion). And )>erfor we sbolde jeve to him swete mylke, 
m/. by shewing of goode werkis of kyndnesse, Abstinence fro synne, 
and almysdede ; And ))enne withowte dowte we shnH ende faire^ and 
have the blisse of heven). 

[ ni. ] 



Deodician was Emp^our in ))e Cite of Rome, in \>e Empire of 
whom was a philosophre, callid Lep,oppits, be which had bi his 
ei-afte sette vp an ymage, pQ which put out an bond wiHi a fynger, 
and vp on the finger was wretyn wordis percute hie, That is to sey, 
Smyte here. This 3rmage stode fer long, & many a day after ]ye deth 
of ]>e philosophre; and many come to ])is finger, and Radde the 
■aperscripcion), but ])ey vndirstode it not, & therfore \>ei hadde moch 
Butwaile what it shuld mene. So in a certeyne tyme per com a 
clerke of fen' contreys, and ofte tymis he sawe ))is ymage. And ^is 
ftoger vriih )>e scripture. And in a certeyne day he toke a shovitt, 
and dyggyd in the erth, vndir ']>e superscripciou). And anon) he 
fond a hous of marbiH vndir pe Erth ; and thanne he went down), 
and enterid in to the haH, and per he fond so many riche iewelis 
and marvelous )>ingys, that no tunge cowde teH. Af tir ^is he sawe 
a herd or a table, i-sprad with rich metys y-nowe per vppon). tbenne 
hb lokid afer, and sawe stonding a charbuncle ston), the which jaf 
li)t ouer aH the hous ; And ajenst hit stod a man), with a bowe in 
his hond, redy for to schete. This clerke perceivid weU this sight, 

1 lor, MS. * leaf 151, baok, col. 2? 


and ))oute^ po^ I te& pis 8i3t& whenne I am a-go hens, no man) wott 
trowe me, And ^ertoie I woH take som) of ))is goode, in tokne. he 
stirte to ]>e bord, and tooke a faire gilt* cowpe, and put it yp ; And 
anoon) the man) with fe bowe sheet to the charbuncleston), so soore, 
that it 3ede on sundre, and ))o was aH the lijt agon), And ]>e hoot 
was foH of dorknesse. And whenne fe clerke sawe ))isj he wepio 
soore, for he wiste not how to passe out, for dorknesse ; And ]>erfoFe 
he dwelte ]>6r stiH, and ^ he.endyd his lif*, &c 


Goode men, )>is ymage that is thus^ y-^ajnt, is the deveH, ^ 
which seith euermore, FerctUe hie, Smyte here, that is to sey, he 
puttith in our herte^ Erthely thingis, And biddith ys take hem, bat 
he woH neu6r speke of hevinly thingis. The clerke ]>at smytith 
v/lih the shovlH bitokenyth ]te wise men of \f\a wordle, and ben 
advocatis, and pletouris, ))e which by sotilte and wickidnesse getiti: 
]>e goode of ]>is wordle, and ]>e vanyteys of })i8 wordle. And whenne 
thei have geten hem with such wqrchi^g, they fyndit^ many 
marveilous ]>ingis, .^at is to sey, diiectabiH ))ipgis of ]>e wordle, in 
])e which ]>Qi haue gret dilectation). The charbunclesto^) pat jevitll 
lijt is ]>e yowijL of man), pe which jevit^ to m^ hardinesse to haue 
dilectacion) and liking^ the wordly ]>ingis. The archer ]>at shetith 
is deth, pe which stondith eu^rmore redy in awaite, for to shete hie 
dart. Kow the clerke ,]>anne takith a kuyfe, — ^what is thati the 
wordly man, trowing* to haue att thingis at his owne wiH; But in 
that trust The archer «hetith att J)e Gharbuncleston), That is to sey, 
de<£ shetith his schotys to pe jowth of man, a9d smytith his strenght, 
and his my^te; And ))enne lieth ^the yowth in derkenesse of synne. 
In the which derkenesse many men oftyn tyme deyeth. And pere- 
fore lat 7S fle afi lustys, and afi likingys, and J^enne we schuH not 
faile of Euerlasting lijt, Ad quam nos p&tdtieat, &o. 

' Hs« MS. ' and liking an liking, MS. 

' leaf 152, ool. 1. 




Tytus was a wyse Eipperour regnjd in ))e Cite of Borne ; and. he 
made a lawe, pat euery ded kny3t sholci be buried in bis armour 
•ad annys, And iff ony maxd weera so bardy for to spoyle jbim of bis 
amjSy After peA, be were y^barie<lj be sbulci iese bis life, witA onte 
<my ayenst^tondyng*. So, strys, bit bappi(i -with Inn) a fewe jeris, 
ytA a certeyn) Cite of ye Empire was biseigyd wit/t envious men and 
enaoieys of ^e Emperonie, in so mocbe, f&t fe Cite wfia In per^, 
and in poynt to be Joste, Ne fer was ,non) mih inne pe Cite J>at my^t 
defend bim self e with ao Craf te ; And J^erfpre grete sorowe and mocb 
■i^yng was in euary strete of ))e Cite. So witji Inne fewe days aft^ 
per oom toward pe Cite fk faire, yong, find wolfaryng knyjt; And 
whenne pe cbeventeyns qf tbe .qite sawe Jii9i, Tbenking ))at be 
SMBjd to be a dowty man, Tbei prayd h^a fdl to-gedar with a gret 
Toys, tbat be wold fiicb-safe to beipe hem ayenst tbeyre enemeys, 
in ptA grete nede. Tbenne seide pe knyjt, ''Pordei JStrys, je see 
irett tbat I baye nooi) furmour ne armys, to def ende yowe ; And iffe I 
hadde, I wold defend you wit& a goode will." Heryng pea wordes, a 
grete wortbi man of pe Cite seide ^euely, '' Here beside,*' quop be, 
"liett a knyjt ded, and on bis body is goode armoui', and long bat£ 
y-leye on pe ertbe, as tbe Jawe wol(i ; And ))erfore, air" be seide, '' if 
it like you, 30 may defende pe Cite." And so J^is yong knyjt dude, 
and armyd bim with tbe armour, apd fougbt witb tbe enemeys, and 
wan pe victorie, and deliuered pe Cite fro pariH ; And aft^ be putte 
Tp ajen pnuely tbe armour in tbe sepulcre. But per were fals 
tnyUmrys of pe same cite, tbat badden indignacion) and envie ]>at 
he wan so pe yictorie ; And went and accusid bim to [tbe] luge, 
•ayngiy '' Tbe lawe of tbe Emperour is sucb, tbat if ony man witb- 
dimwe otbir spoile pe dede, be sbuld be ded ; And sucb a kny3t batfi 
7-qM>ylid sucll a ded knyjt of bis armoui*, yrith tbe wbicll be dotbid 
him, and ^defendid pe Cite; And perfore we aske of you, ]>at it be 

> leaf 152, ool. 2. 


procedid a^enst him, as owitll to be don ajen a breker of pQ lawe of 
]>e Emperour/* Then the luge made the kny^t to be Itake, and to 
be brought afore him, and per he Bepravid him of such a trespace. 
And ]>enne the kny3t answerid, and seide, '' Sire, hit is wreten, that 
of too Evelia pe lasse Evifi is to be chosyn). For it is not vnknowe 
to you, pat pQ cite was in gret pariH, And if I hadde not take ]>at 
armour, I hadde not deliuered pe cite, nor yow neiper ; And J^erfore 
me thenkittL I shold reaper have hye honour and thonking of you for 
my goode dede, than such vilany ; For I am y-brou^t hedir as a thefe 
to be hongid. Also, sire, ano])^ reeone is for me. who so with- 
drawe)» ony thing* thefly, he purposith not to here it ajen ; But, sir, 
it was not so witht me, For ]>o} I toke as in borowing pe armour of 
pe ded kny3t, to deliuer the Cite pei' with, as scone as I hadde de- 
liveryd pe Cite, and hadde pQ victorye, I bare the armour a^en, so 
that the dede had his owne, as pe lawe woH it" Then spake pe 
luge, and seide, '' I sette cas, )>at a thefe make an hole in a hous, for 
to take out good, and after to bring it a3en, I pray pe, knyjt, lat see, 
say whedir doith he wele or no 1 " " Sir," qvLop the knyjt, " Some 
tyme is such holiyng and pe^foracion goode, and not wikkid, as if 
ony )»irle or make an hole in a feble walle of a feble hous, in entent 
pai pe lord of pe hous make pe waH streng^, for pmH of thefis, ]>at 
))ei entre not so li3tely, if thei come." Thenne seide the luge, " sir, 
]>03 such parforacion) be goode, and don for ]>at pe waH shuld be 
made moore sikir and stronger, jit \a violence y-mado to pe lord of 
pe hous; and so with pe, For J^oj pat povL dudist goode 'with pe 
armys of pe knyjt, jit pon dudist violence to pe dede, in that ]>a 
toke away his armour." Thenne seide pe knyjt, '' Sir, I seide to 
you erwhile, )»at if too Ivelis wei' commaundid, pe lease were to be 
chos3rne. And that IviH, by doyng* of which comith good and profitt<, 
shold not be y-callid an IveH dede, but a goode dede )>at was like to 
an IviH ; as thus, loo 1 If per weere an hous in ^e cite I-«ette afire^ 
and bigonne to brenne, weere it not better to drawe downe pe hous 
]>at stondith next, or eUe^ ]>at ]>ei take fire also, And so aH ^ cite be 
brendl And so, sir, pe armour. If I hadde not ^ taken it out for a 
tyme pe armour of the dede knyjt, ellis pe Cite and je a& shuld haue 

> leaf 152, back, ool. 1. 


ben difltroyd.'' Theime the luge hering his lesonabiH and his wise 
answeiisy he myjt jeve no dome a^enst him. But the false traitours 
that accusid him, slowe him, and morderyd him, and yerioie was 
made grete sorowe in fe Cite. And ^nne thei buryed fe body of pe 
knyjt^ worihely among hem in a newe sepulcre. 


WoishipfuH Seris, yls Erap^rour is ye Fadir of heuene. The 
city bisegid is ]>is woidle, the which is bisegid with deyelis, and 
"with synnys ; And aH ))at were in ]>e Cite were in poynt to be loste, 
when ah feX were afore the passiou) of Criste were in fe power of fe 
devitt, and my^te not helpe hem selue. The yong knyjt fat oomyttL 
to }e cite, s^. that is to sey, to pQ wordle, is oure lord, pe dojty 
wenoirr, ihe^a criste, ^t hadde noon armour, aeil. manhode, ynto 
}e time that he had gon ynto pe sepulcre, bcU. pe wombe of the 
blessid Tirgin seynt Marie, by pe annunciacion) of the aungel, 
seying*, Spiriius stokctus euperueniet in fe, Ecee caneipiee et partes 
JUiumj &c. And so he toke in pe wombe of ])e viigin marie ]>e 
armuie of the dede knyte, BciL kynde of pe first fadir Adam ; And 
per he fo^te wttA pe enemeys by his blessid passion, and deliuered 
the woidle, yn\h aH mankynde, fro periH, And ]>enne he put )»e 
armour ajen in pe erth, whenne his body was put in ]>e sepulcre. 
But ]>e Citeeeyns, ]>at is to say, Jewis and paynyms, po^ pei were of 
peple ]Hit crist come for to save, jit )»ei accusid him to pilat, and 
alegid per ajen hym. For ]>e Emperour and his lawe, this seying*, 8i 
hunc dimittUy turn es amicus Cesarisy This is to sey, Iffe pan leve him, 
and sle him not, pon art not Frend neper trewe to pe Fmperour ; for 
after pe lawe he owitK to be dede. But jit pe luge cowde not jeve 
dome him selfe, as ^y askyd^ but committyd him to hem ajen ; and 
^nne )»ei slowe him, and morderyd him ; and in pe thirde day he 
los fro his detB, and after ascendid yp to ioye and glorye. Ad quam 
no8 perdueat, qui eum Poire ^ Spiritu iSSemc^, &c. 

[As the next Story appears also in the Second Version of the Gesta^ 
Additional M8. 9066, British Museum, this latter text is printed^ 
solid, under thai from Harleian MS. 7333, and has hem collated mfh 
MS. Kk L 6, in the University Library, Cambridge. The various 
readings are shoum in the footnotes.] 




BetolduB regnyd a wis Emperoure yn fe Cyte of Eome ; fe whicfi 
ordeynyd for a lawe, that eu^ry woman )»at tooke an ofer man 
than hire hosbopd, j^at )>ei shuld bo put to perpetueH prison). 
There was a kny3t hadde a fs^re wife, pat tooke an oper vndir him, and 
in avowtry was witfi childe ; $uid periove hj the lawe ^is woman) was^ 
demyd to p^rpetuaH prison), In pe whic& prison) sche brojte forth, 
and bare a faire childe, a sone. This child wex vnto the age of vij 
jere. The lady his modir vaith euery day gretly to sorowe and to 
wepe. In a day ))is childe sawe his u^oier wepe ; he spake to hire, 
and seide, '' Modir, why wepist J)oa ? tett me pe cause of pi sorow- 
ing*." " A ! deei* sone," quo}» she, " I have gret cause to sorowe, and 
povL eke ; For ou^r our hedis ys passage and go3rng< of peple, and ))ere 
shynith the sonne in here derenesse, and solas per is y-had ; and 
pou and I bu]> here iu p^rpetuel derkenesse. In so moch ]>at I may 

* lei^f W, back, ool. 2. 

[Secwid Vergion. Addit. MS. 9066.] 
n. (leaf 8.) 

Betaldus in the Citee of Eome reigned, a fuD' wise man ; that made 
a law, that what woman that^ were wedded, and were take in 
avowtrye, her husbond livyng, She shuld be take, and put into* 
perpetueH prison). IF There was that tyme a knyght, that had a right 
faire wyf*, that did avowtry, and was with childe, IT wherfor, after 
the law, she was put ^into' prison) ; and ^ther she was, and the child 
also,* tille he come to the* age of vij.* ; and the modir every day 
wept, and sorowed bitterly. IT The child, whan he saw his modir so 
wepe and sorow, he said to her, " 1 modir, whi wepe ye, and for 
what cause are ye so sorye 1" IT The modir said, " ! my swete sone, 
a grete cause have I ^so to sorow,^ and thou also ; ffor above oure 
hede there ^ is a^ transite of men, and there the sonne shynetfi^® in 
his clerte, and aH solace is there/* and we are^* in a contynuett 

' Om. * in. ' done in. * and when tyme oom6| she bad a fayro 
sone in the priaone, and there the child was. * Om\ * vij. sere. 

' to wepe. • Otti, • a grete. *• is shynyng. " OnK " are here. 


not 866 ^f ne ))oa me ; And ]>erf ore alias 1 Uiat exxer I was bore yn to 
])is woidle." Thenne spake the childe to his niod^, *' sucK loye or 
such li^t as feu spekist of, sawe I neuer, and ferfoTQ I knowe not 
what it meenylfi ; For here in pia derkenesse I was y-hore, and ^er- 
fore if I haye mete and^ drynke y-nowe, it were plesing to me to 
dwelle here stiUe, aH the days of my life. And J^^oie, modir, I 
pray )>e, wepe not, but make me solas and comfort^ and chere me." 
In ali the tymB of thid lasnentacion) bitwene fe moder and fe sone, 
the emperours stiward stod ou^ hire hedys, and hurd, and hadde 
gret compassion) and pite ; and went to ^e emp^rour, and^ knelid, 
and praide for hire d,elyudraunc6 ; and the Emperour grantyd his 
bone, and soo they weei' delyuerd, &c. 


Seris, fiA Emperaur is ]>e Fadir of heveiie, ]>ai ordeynyd a lawe, 
that if ony Woman), &c, acil. If ony sowle, ]?e which is spouse of 

' an, MS. 

[Second versufn. Add. M8, 9066.] 

derknesse, so grete, that thou may not se me, ne I the. Alias ! alias I 
that ever I was conseived of my modii'." IT The sone ^ saicJ, " ! 
swete modir, suche a^ loye and lyght as ye speke of saw I never^, 
ne perseiv^^, for I was borxi) here in this derke prison) ; but' while 
I have here^ plente of mete and drynk<, it pleaset^ me wele to live 
here aH my lyf-tyme. And therefoi^, modir, wepe not, but shew me 
solace, and so shali I shew^ to you." IT While this lamentacion)^ was 
made bitwe!ne the itiodir and the sone. The Stewarci of the £mp^*our 
stode over^ her hedes, and herd her wordes ; and whan he had herd 
her Vordes, and her^ lamentacion), he had rewthe on hem, and 
went vnto* the Empero'iu^, and kneled,^® and praied for the modir 
and the sone, that thei myght be delivered out of prison). IF The 
EmperoUr, that was mercyfufi, graunted that thei shuld be delyvered, 
So that yi the woman trespassed, *efte sones,^^ hei^ payn) shuld ^^ be 
dowbled. and so thei were delyuered, and the woman lived holilye^ 
aXi her lyf-time, and ended in pease. 

Deolaraoio. Frendes, this Emperour is the Fadir of heven), that 
made this law, that yf a wedded woman, that is, the soule, the whiche 

» childo. • Om. » for. * Om, ^ Om, 

* wemytacion. ^ aboue. ' Om, ' to. *^ knelyd on his kne 

" eft Bone. " shalle. " holyly afterwarde. 


god, trespassid in avowtrye, bcU, In eny dedly synne, Thenne hit 
schnld be demyd to perpetuel prtsoD) of hett. And ]>^ore, pon 
soule, if pon trespace in ony dedly synne ajen ]>e -wiB. of ^i lord 
god, ]>i spouse, J'or^ wMc& synne yon art dampnabitt in to suc& 
a prison), Thenne behovith the gretly to sorowe and wepe, For fou, 
art ]>anne a-sundrid iro pe h^t, and fro ]>e glorie of hevene above 
]>ine hed. The sone ]>at seitK, as long as I may have mete and 
dxinke y-nowe, bitokenitK pe Eiche and pe myjty wordly maid of 
pis wordle, pe which in hire hertis, when pr^latis and prechours 
spekith to hem eaerla3ting li)t and loye of hevene, thei sey, *^ ^e, 
pe whilis we may be heere, and have Bach solas and comfort as we 
have, we sette not bye oper hevene, ne rekke we how long we bide 
in such derkenesse of synne, and of thraldom ; " and )>at is gretly to 
be sorowid This stiward, ^t heritH this lamentacion), ys our 
lord, that heritht the pnueteis of ^our hertys, and lovit^ contricion) 
for sjmnes. What doith he ] He goitht to pe Fadir of hevene, and 
pndth for vs to be loosid fro pe hard blynde hertis, In so moch, 

^ leaf 153, ool. 1. 

[Second Version, Add. MS, 9066.] 

is goddes wyf*, do dedly synne, [she] shaH everlastyngly be take to the 
prisoD) of helle, yf she dye in dedly synne, and wille not amende her. 
IF Wherfor, yf thi soule have done avowtrye ayenst god, that is, dedely 
^ synne, grete cause of sorowyng thou hast, For thou eat departed 
from the light and the loye of heven). IF The sone, that said, " while 
I have plente of mete and drynk<," By hym are vndirstonde thise 
grete worldly men, that whan l^ei here speke of the grete light and 
blisse of heven), thei make no force, for they have here welfare and 
likyng of the world; IF And also men of holy chirche, whan thei preche 
of holy chirche, and of the grete glorie and blisse that is in heven) ; 
And some say as the sone said, IF " Have we plente of metes and 
drjrnkes, and solace of the world in all thyng, we desire no thyng 
of the loye of heven)." IF Thise ben heretikes, of hem that saiden), 
that is gretly to sorow. The Steward, that herd the lamentacion) of 
the modir and of her sone, Is oure lord Ihesn crist in heven) above 
VB, that knoweth a& oure wordes, and all oure werkes, and the lest 
thought of oure herte ; IF And whan he hereth the lamentacion) that 
we make for our synne, he hathe rewthe and compassion) of vs, and 
loveth mekett that we have contriccion) of oure synne. IF Tlum he 
goth to his fadir, and besely praieth, that we may be delyvered out 

' leaf 8, baok« 

YI. THE LAMB AND BLIND IfSN. 8T0BT. HAEL. 7388> & ADDIT. 9066. 15 

that if we wott vs selfe be dellveiy<l out of pnlBoii), we mow, And 
come to euerlastinge blifise, and ]>e lijt aboye. Ad quam nos et vos 
perduecdy &c 


(how THB lake man and the bund man found THEIB WAT TO 

Pompeius was a wise Emperour, regnyng* in ]>e cite of Eome ; 
And he lete make a proclamacion) ^r^ afi his Empire, ]>at he 
wold make a gr^t generaH f este, And ))at aH pooi' and Rich shuld 
come to ]>at feste ; For ]>ey shuLi [not] only be wele y-f ed. But also that 
)>ei shuld have many fidre ^iftis. whenne the bed^ hadde y-makid 
this proclamaciou), Ther lay by the wey too feble men, a blynde And 
a lame. Thoo fe blynde seide to ])e lame, his felowe, ''Woo be 
now to me and to ^, For how may we too do I The Empe7X)ur hath 
makid such a proclamacion), ]>at he woH make a generaH feste, And 
who that eu6r comit& thedir, he shi^ Fare wele of metis And drinkis, 
And also be avauncyd for euermore ; And I am blind, and ]>ou art 
lame, And J^erfore neyjwr of vs may come J>«re." "3e,*' quof J)6 

[Second Version. Addit MS. 9066.] 

of prison) of synne, yf we wille ; And so it folowith we shaH have 
the everlastyng light and loye and blisse of heveu). To the whiche 
brynge vs att the mercifuH lord and pacient lord Iheiru crist ! Amen. 

[ XL. leaf 66. ] 

POmpeius in the Cite of rome reigned, a fuH wise man, and 
amonge othere ve^'tues he was right mercyfuH ; wherf ore he did 
Crie throw oute his Empire a feste, that euery man) rich and pore 
shuld come to the feste, and att ])at comen to the feste shuld not only 
be fedde, but he shuld haue many giftes. when the beditt had pro- 
clamed this throw oute att the Empire, there were that tyme twoo 
feble men) lyeng* by the way; oou) was halte, and the tothere 
blynde. The blynde man) saide to )>e Crokyd, "Alas!" he saide, 
" woo is the and me ; how mow we do ) The Emp69*ottr ^ hathe do 
crie^ a grete feste generaR to att ; and who that Euer comyth thid- 
dere, he shatt not only haue a feste, but also many gifbes. I am 
blynde, and thou arte Crokyd and feble, and may not go ; and I 

1 leaf 66, back. « cried, MS. 


lame man, '' I shaH shew pe a goode wit in pis cas ; and if fon wolt 
do after my conseile, fan shalt not repente. ]^ow herken me ; I am 
lame and feble, ]>at I may not goo, but I may see, And yon art 
strong and swifte of foote, but pon may not see. Take me ypon ]>i 
bak, and bere me, And I shaH teche pe the ri3te way, And so we 
boJ>e shuH come thedir." '* This is a goode conseile,*' seide fe blinde 
man, *' come vp fast ypon)' my bak, and teche me fe ri^te wey, as ]>ou 
seist, and so We bot& shuH come thedir, I trowe, as yon seist," &c 


Dere frendis, yis Emperour is our lord ihesn criste, y&t hat& 
y-made a generaH prockmacion). And a general! f este, bcU. the loye of 
hevene, to pe which ioye he hath caUid a& mankynde ; for *he 
deniith to no man ]?at ioy, if yej woll come per to. By pis lame- or 
halting man \mp vndirstond prelatis of holy chirche, as ben pr^ 
chours, and confessot^rs ; and pei ben callid lame, or halting men, 
for pey have not of hire owne to ly ve with, but of tythingis, and of 
almys-dede of seculers. By ]fe blynde man we shuH vndirstond pe 
lewde seculers, )>at ben blynde, yn as moch as pei conne not ^see the 
right way toward ioye ; and peviore iff* theise too men wdi come 
to-geder to ]>e feste of* Hevene, pe blind, Bcil. pe lewde men, most 

* leaf 163, col. 2. 

[Second Version. Addit MS. 9066.] 

may wele se, and thou arte stronge and myghty, and may not se." 
he seide, '' thou croked man), thou shalte take me on thi back, and 
bere me, and I wil lede the by tlie right way." and so they did- 
den), and comen) bothe to the feste, and fessayued grete mede amonge 
other ; and so they endid here life in pease. 

[Dedaracio.'] Frendes, this Emperour is oure lorde Ihe^u criste, 
the which bathe done criea feste general}, that is, the Ioye and the blisse 
of pe kyngdome of heuyn) ; to the which Ioye he hathe called aH man- 
kynde, for he denyes it to none that wil come to hym. Be the halte 
and croked are vndirstondyn) prelates of holy chirche, prechours, and 
confessours, abbottes and prioures. thes are halte, for they han no 
thing* in propre, in alse mych as they lyuen) ofte sithes of almes of 
othere. Be the blynde we shuH vndirstonde the lewde men), that are 
blynde, for they know not the right way. therfore if thes ij. wil come 
to the feste of the kyngdome of heuyn), It behouys that the blynde, 
that is, the lewde men), bere the halte men ; tho be the prelates of 


holde vp ]>e laame men, BciL men of holy chirc^, thoroj almesse 
ofi&yngjs, and tendingys ; And that o]?er, acU, men of holy Chireh, 
most leede that ofer pe wey hy hire connyng<, Cleigy, and labour of 
techii^; And ^enne shuH both come thedir, act!, to ]>e ioye of 
hevene, wher ]>ey shuH not only have feste, but eu^lasting meeda 
and glorie, Ad ^lam nos &c 

[Second Versioiu Addit. MS. 9066.] 

the chirche, and othere men) of holy chirche, sustenyng* hem be 
tyihes and oblacions, and othere almese. And prelates, and other 
men) of holy chirchey are holdjrn) for to teche hem, and Enfourme 
hem the way towarde heuyn), where is not al only a feste for a tyme, 
But there we shuH haue many preciouse giftes ; Tho be the loyes and 
blisses tbat neu^ shall haue Ende, to tbe which bryng* ys oure 
lorde Iheau ciistey to pe feste riaH pat is in heuyne, wit/iouten Ende 1 

[ VIL ] 


(of the serpent and the toad.) 

Adrian regnyd Emperour in pe Cite of Eome, the which withinne 
a iitm while hadde lost his si^t ; And he ordeyned for a lawe^ 
that per shuld be hongyd a belle In the myddis of ]>e Cite^ And ec£L 
man psi hadde eny cause pai shuld be shewid, sholde ryng pUke belle. 
And pQ luge shold come to sitte in his seruice, vfith oute delay ; And 
if any man Eunge pe belle, and hadde no cause, he shuld be ded. 
So it happid in A time aft^ ]>is lawe was made, A serpent had made 
his nest Tndir ^e Eoope of pis belle, And brojt forth his briddis peroy 
whenne tyme was by nature. And after all pis^ In a hoote day of 
Bomer the serpent toke i^ his briddis with him, And ^ede in to ]>e 
feld of sporting ; And while she was absent, per com a toode, and 
entrid into pe nest. And whenne pe serpent come ajen, she sawe 
pe toode ocupied hire place ; and she fo^t wet^ the toode, but she 
mijte [not] haue pe victorie, but pat pe toode contynuely helde hire 
nest ; And For she sawe ]>at pe toode myjte not be ouercome, she 
Jappid hire taile aboute pe corde of the belle, and so rang pe belle, 
by cause pat, pe toode vnri^tfully occupyed hire nest. And whanno 



the luge was come down), as lawe was, for to sitte in iugement, he 
sawe )>i8 si3t, and ^ede, and tolde att J^at he sawe to [the] emp^rour. 
And })e Empe}X)ur seide t^en, " Anoon goo dowi]), and sle }>e toode, 
that the seTpent may have hire owne nest ; and so he dude ; And )>e 
serpent enterid hire owne place, and dwelte stille wit^ hire hriddis. 
Aft^r )>at it happid in a tyme, ))at ))is Empe7*our wepte soore, And 
lordis and kny^tis ]?at were ahoute him come, and comfortid him, in 
afi that pei my^te. ** Nay," quoj) he, " howe shuld I be glad, now I 
have y-lost my sijt % " And soone aft^r )>at ]>e £mpe}*our had made 
])is lamentacio]]), J^ f orseide serpent enterid in to hys chambre ; And 
whenne fe Emperours seruauntis sawe fe serpent, ^i tolde it to the 
Emperour. tho seide the emp^roure, ^'I charge you, ^that no man 
lette hire to come to me, for y trowe pat she shaR do you no harme, 
nej^ir to me" The serpent come to fe emperours bedde, and att ])e 
last ]>e serpent openyd his mouth ouer ]7e visage of the emperour, 
and late fatt a litiH stone, ]>orj ))e which fe emperour receivid his 
si3t. And aH men thonkid god, ]>at so hath comfortid ]>e emperour 
by ]>e seipenty for whom he late sle ]>e toode, &c. 


This Emperour may be y-Callid empw-our, fe which hath y-made 
a lawe, or a goode life, that a bett shal be y-Koiing. This belt is not 
ellis but consciens, pe which owith to be Bounge ajen vicis. And 
]>enne ]>e luge, Bcil, Resoii), owith to come dou), when conscience 
mevith him to ^eve dome bitwix fe v. Inwittis ; For but if fat were 
y-don), we shulde be in grete peryl, as J>e Aposteli seith, Om7ie quod 
at contra coTiscienciam, edificabit ad ignem gehenne^ This is to sey, 
AH that is y-dou) ajenst conscience, bildil^ toward ^ fire of heUe. 
And for to spekyn) gostely, a roan is ofte tymys blind thorj dedly 
synne, ))at lettith his sijt ; And fai is gretly to sorowe for, as dude 
the emperour. The serpent, fat bildith vndir f^ belle, is our lord 
ihera Griste, )>e which bildith in a perfite herte, vndir a dene and 
an holy conscience ; And fer he genderitJS, acil. bringith forth goode 
vertuys. And he goithe by the medewe,' ecih out of such a 
conscience, Math his hriddis, sciZ. v^uys, whenne it is infecte ; And 

* leaf 153, back, col. 1. ' medewewe, MS. 


^enne comitibL a toode, BciL ])e deueH, and eiitrit^ into ]>e nest, scU. 
fe herte of ]>e synn^r. £ut tbenne ]>e serpent comyth ajen, BciL our 
lord, wh^nne ]>at he hath pyte of our wretchidnesse ; Thenne he 
comith, and knockith at )>e dore of our hertys, as it is wretin in the 
.gospeH, Ecce sto ad Hostium, et pulso; si qtiia michi appenierit, 
cejiabo cum illo, et ipse mecumf This is to sey, I stond at fe doie, 
and knocke ; ivho pat openith to me, I shali sopye yviih him, And he 
wiiJi me. But alias ! for )>is toode, Bcil. ))e develi, regnyd in pe 
hertis of many^ so stronglye por^ hir continuaunce of synne, and 
not doyng penaunce, that god may not come yn, — what is Eemedye 
^rfore) Forsot^ for to drawe at pe corde of pe grace of god, aeiL for 
to aske grace, And for to sette pe conscience in to a clere way ; And 
P&dhq shal god entre into ]>yti herte. And he schalle jeve to ]>e a 
stone, aeU. vertue, bi ^e which ]?i soule shati have li3t, Ad guam noa 
peiduccU. Amen. 

[ VIIL ] 


jolliculus was a wise Emperour regnyd in pe Cite of Borne ; He 
was m^cifuH, and ri3twis in his werkis, And he made a worthi 
tour in pe Eest, In pe which he put att his tresour and precius 
lewelis ; And pe wey toward pe Cite was stony, J)omy, and scroggy ; 
And iij. armyd kny^tys were in pe same wey, to fijte with aH }»at eu6T 
come in pet wey to pe forsaide cite. And pe forsaide Emperour made 
a proclamacioD), J^at il per were ony man pat wolde goo to ^e cite by 
J>at wey, and oue?'come J)oo pre knyjtis, Whenne he come to the cite, 
he shulde haue habundance of ali manfr richesse & iewels, at his 
owne wille. And after J^is he made to be sette in pe north an oper 
Cite, in pe which he had ordenyd a perpetueli peyne, And alle mane?* 
iewelis ; And the wey to p\s Cite was faire, and swete to smelle, and 
dilicius to goo Inne ; And in ))is wey were iij. kuy^tys, for to lefressho, 
and caJle to gestenyng or to ostery, AH pat went by the wey. And 
pe Emperour lete make a prc^clamacion), that if ony come, and entrid 

' of many of many, MS. * leaf 153, back, col. 2. 


into J?e Cite, he shuld be bound bond and foote, and cast into 
pr/sone, and abide fere vnto fe comynge of j>e Instice, for to stond to 
his dome. No we fer dwelte In a cite twey kny^is," fat hijte 
Jonathas and Pirius. This Jonatbas was a wise man, and Pirius was 
a foole, but grete love was bitwix hem too. In a day Jonathas seide 
to Pirius, " Deeie frende,^ fer is y-made a proclamacion) bi att ]» 
empire, fat fe Emperour hatb sette a cite, in fe which is aH his 
tresoure ; And if ony man may entre into it, he shaH have gret 
multitude of tresoure ; And ferfore it is my conseile that we goo to 
fis Cite." **For8oth," quoj> Pirius^ "it is goode conseile, And I 
assent ferto, that it be do." Thenne pe wise knyjt spake, " K so be 
fat' fou wolt do aft^r my coosaile, I pray the lat me drinke fi 
blode, and fou shalt drinke myne, in tokening^ that neifer of vs 
shatt forsake oper, In wele ne in woo." ** I assent," quo^ fe fo)e 
kny^t. And so they were lete blode, and eyper dranke of otheris 
bloode, and so f ei jede theire way. And whan thei had made f e 
ioumey of i^. days toward fis cite, in which fey sholden finden f e 
tresour, f ei come in a certayn) place, where were twey weyes to be 
chosen, acU. that on stony and thorny, And that of ^ specius and 
faire, sett aboute withe lileis and Eosis. Tho spake f e wise man, 
" loo ! here ben two weyes, as fou seist ; Neuwiheles, if we goo by 
this stony & scourgy wey, it shal lede ys to f e plenteuaas cyte fat 
we desire." " Ja, ser," seide fat ofcr, " I have greete m^rvaile of 
you, For I trowe more to myne owne yen than to yoter wordis. F<nr 
I see wel, and so may )e, fat f is ^ wey is stony, and vnesy for to goon ; 
and as I haue y-hurde say, there ben in it iij. Armyd men, for to 
tume YS, or to fijt yriih vs, if we oome f erin ; And f e^'fore y do f e to 
knowe, fat I wol go by fis wey, and not by fat" "Certayne," 
seide fat of ar, '^ and if we go by fat wey, we shal be led into f e 
Cite that is in f e north, where as is no mercy, but gret sorowe and 
care, to all fat goith f erto." " 5e> 5©>" q^of f e f oole, " fis which I 
see opynly wol I trowe more than such ; And f ^or I wott algatis 
holde it." Tho spake fe wise man, **Now silfi I dranke fi bloode, 
in tokne of frendship, f orsoth I woU not late fe goo all one, what so 
euer happe wit^ me in tyme to come." So f es too knyjtis jede fortfi 

» frendiB, MS* " fat fat, MS. ■ tokenig, MS. * leaf 164, col. 1, 


on ))is wey ; And anoon iij. knyjtis mette witH hem, And receivid hem 
vorshipfullyy and servid hem as for oo ny3t ; And on pe morowe ^ey 
arose, and tooke hire wey toward fe forsaide Cite of the nor]). And 
anoon as pel were wtt^ Line ]>e Cite, the CachepoUys And the mynistris 
of the Emperoor mette with hem, and seide, " Sina, what doo ^e 
here in fia cite t For it is long a-gon sith je wel knewe what was 
fe lawe of fia place, And )>6rfore, s^tis, je most haue fe lawe." 
Anoon )»ei bond the wise knyjte, and put him in prison) ; and pQ 
fond kny^t pel cast in a dich place. And so it happid aftar a& this, 
yai ])e domys-man come to pe Cite, for to sitte yp on) brokers of fe 
lawe. And anoon) aH ^t were in pnsoD) apperid afore pe luge, 
Among< ^e which come pea too knyjtis, pot is to sey, pe wise knyjt 
and pe lewde, sceX the wise knyjte out of prtsoi)). And fa lewde knyjte 
oat of fa didL Anoon) the wise man seide, ''Sir, I make hei* 
complaynt ypon) my felowe, and sey that he is caose of my deth. 
For whenne bothe we wei' atwene fa too weys, ]>at is to sey, 
bitwene fa Cite of fa Fest And fia Cite, I tolde to my felowe the 
petiMt of fla Cite, And ])e profit of ]>at ofer ; And he wolde not trowe 
me, but seide, that he trowid moi' to his owen) yeii) ))an to me ; And 
for he was fekwe, I wold not late him goo by him selfe, but come 
wiiJi him; And ferioxa, sir, I say ]>at he is cause of my deth." 
Thenne spake ])e lewde knyjte, and saide, ''sir he is gilty of my 
deth, and I shatt teH you cause why. For je knowe wele echon), 
that I am a foole, And he is a wise man, And f erf ova he shold not so 
lijtely haue levid my lewdenesse, but I-goo ])e goode wey ; For if )»at 
he had lefte ))at wey, I wold at ])e last haue folowid him." Then 
spake the luge, "For ))at fon so li^tly consentedist to his lewidnesse, 
And foMf foole, for fon woldist not folowe ^e consaile of ]^ wise man, 
Therfore I deme yowe bothe to be hongyd." and so it happid in 
dede ; And aH men ^hiely commendid ]»e luge, fai ^afe so rightfully 
a doom, &c« 

> leaf 154, coL 2, 



Sins, f is Emp^our is to yndirstond our Lord ihe^u crist. The 
Cite in ]>e Eest is }q kjngdom of heyene, In fe whicH is tresour 
vntold, But to ]>is Cite is a ])omy wey and a sharp, BciL penaunce 
and tribulacion) in erjje ; For it is wretyn) thus,^ Aiia et angusta^ 
est via qu^ duett ad vitam, This is to sey, Strait and disesy is pe wey 
]>at ledith to life. And in f\a ben kny^tys iij. scil. \>e flesfi, ))e 
wordle, and pe deyiH, with pe whicH pou most fijt, and haue pe 
victorie, or thowe come to Hevene. By pe Cite in pe Northe is 
vndirstond HeH, As it is wretin, Paiiddur omne malum, This is to 
sey, fro pe north shaH be shewid aR IveH. And to pia Cite in pe 
north, pat is to vndirstond Helle, is a broode way, And is bisette 
w/tZf many thingis dilectable ; And by pis wey goith many. By pe 
iij. kny3tis pat ben in pis wey, pat fyndith necessarijs, ben vndir- 
stond pryde of lyfe, Couetise of yen). And Couetise of flesh, by pe 
which iij. a wrecchid man is gretly delitid ^ for pe tyme. And lad to 
the Cite of Helle, pat is full: of sorowe. And by pe ij. kny3tis, bciL 
pe wise man and pe lewid man, ben vndirstonde pe sonle and pe 
flesh ; For pe sonle is wise, and pe flesh is euer lewid, and buxom to 
do EviL Theise ij. ben felowis, & fastenyd to-geder, for to stonde to 
wele or to wo. The soule chose pe wey of penaunce, And in aH pat 
it may, it sterith the flesh p^rto, But pe lewde flesh, pat hath no 
mynde of perilis pat ben to come, takith dilectacioii) of the wordle, 
and fleith pe way of penaunce ; So pat in tyme of deth pe soule is 
y-bondon) in pe pr/sone of helle. And pe flesh is castyne in to a dich, 
scil. a grave or a buryeH. And when pe domys-man, sct7. our Lord 
ihesM crist, comyth to deme. Than pe soule shaH pleyne vpon pe 
flesh. And pe flesh vpou) pe soule. But pe domys-man, that woH not 
be stoppyd for prayer ne for mede, ShaH panne dampny pe soule, for 
she folewid pe instigacion) of pe flesh. And the flesh, for it wolde < .^o^ : 
obeye and triste to pe soule. And perfore late vs study to tame our 
flesh, pat it obey vnto god. And so by argument we shuH haue 
eu^lastyng life In blisse. God graunt vs pat of his endeles mercy I 
Qui cum poire, &c. 

' this, MS. ' angustia, MS. ' and for MS. 

IX. THE BLOODY dHIRT. 8T0BT. HARL. 7333, & ADDIT. 9066. 23 



{the bloody shirt, of a knight who restored a princess to her 
kingdom, and of her gratitude to him. earl. ms, 7333.) 

1 Ijlredrericus was a wise Emperoor, regnyng* in pQ Cite of Rome, 
J. the which hadde a faire doater ; And whanne })e Emp69X)ur was 
in his deth-bedde, he bequathe to his dowt^ aU his Empire. So what 
tyme ])at a Certayne Erie hurde of this, after ]>e deth of })e Emperour, 
he come to }e dameselle, and sterid hire to synne, and anoon the 
dameselle enclined to his wordis. So whanne pe dameselle was 
filid with synne, he put hire out of hire Empire ; And pan she made 
lamentacion) more than ony man can trowe, And jede into an oper 
kyngdome or cuntre. So it happid in a certayne day, as she sat in 
hire sorowe and weping, she sawe afer comyng to hire-ward a faire 
yong knyjte, sitting vp on a faire hors ; & come to hire, and salowid 
hire, and askid of hire pe cause of hire soiowe. Thanne saide she, 
** My worshipfutt lord, I haue gret cause to sorowe. I am come of 
gret blode & Riatt ; the Emperour was my fadir, and when he deyde, 
he made me his eyi', for he had no moo children ])an me. Whan 
he was ded, per come a kny}t, and spoiled me of my vitginite ; and 
after pe synne, he put me out of myne heritage, In so moch that I 
aske nowe my biede fro dore to dore ; And, lording myne, if it be 
yottr wille, pis is pQ cause of my sorowe." Tho spake pe kny3t, and 

« leaf 15i, back, ool. 1. 

[Second Version. Addtt. MS. 9066.] 

[ XLT. leaf 56, back.] 

A maydyn) there was myghty and riche, that had a kyngdome 
Endewedf with aH goodes, and myghty. that sawe an Enviouse 
kyng*, and full of giles, and thought to putt here oute of here kyng- 
dome ; nere the lese he wiste wele, that he myght not ouerecome 
hire, ne make here blynde be giftes. but he was besy with gile, 
and come to hire with a fayned frendship ; and so prively he be- 
giled here, and with f raude ouercome here, and ynrightfully caste 
hire oute of this kyngdome. Than the maydyn) levid longe in 
\Hi\\e)'te and wrechidnosse, wantyng^ vertue and richesse, and myght 
not come agayne to hire heritage. But the sone of a kyng* mosto 


saide, "Now sotfily, damyselle, fis is yveH I-do, and giete com- 
passioii) I haue on pe ; And jj^rfore, if ^ou wolt graunte to me oo 
thing, sothly I sbali fi3te for tliyne heritage, and behote ))e the 
victorie." " A ! lord, alas ! " quof she " for I have nothing to ^eve 
pe but my selfe." " And I aske noon oj^ffr of ^e, but that f<m be 
my love, and lore non) so wele as me." And )>enne saide she, " Jis^ 
lord, and ]>at I behote the." Thenne spake he, " 3it I wdii haue 
an o))Lr certajrne of ^e, as ^: If it happe me to dye for ]>e in 
batiH, and not to have victory, pat ]>u sette out my blody serke on a 
perch afore, for twey skilis ; the first is, pat pe si^te of my serke may 
meve pe to wepe, as ofte tyme as pon lokist peron ; The secunde skile 
is, for I woU:, that whenne ony man comyth to ]>e, for to haue pe to 
-wife, ))at povi renne to pe serke, and biholde pe serke, and sey to ]>i 
aelfe, '' god forbade ))at enei* I sholde take ony to my husbond, after 
pe deth of piB lord, which deyde for my loue, and Eecoueryd myne 
heritage ! ' " And Jenne saide pe lady, " My worshipfuH sir, att pis, 
wzt^ pe grace of god I shafi fufifiH.'' And when pe knyjte hurde 
pis, ^he jafe Bataile ajen the Erie, and hadde pe victory. Neuertheles 
he gate his deth ther, and biquap his serke to his love, for whom he 
deyde, commaundyng* pat she shold holde covenaunt. Thenne whan 
she hurde of his deth, She made grete lameutacion) many days ; But 
whenne she sawe his blody serke, all: her bowelis weere troubelyd 
more than tunge may telle ; And hongyd it vp on a perche in hire 
chamhir. And at exxery tyme pat she lokid on pe serke, she wepte fuU 

> leaf 154, back, ool. 2. 

[Second Version. Addit MS. 9066.] 

myghty loued that maydyn), and was steriJ with pite, and wedded 
that maydyn, that he had longe loued, that he myght bryng* the 
maydyn) agayne to here heritage, be victorie of bataylle, that she 
had ^ vnrightf ully loste. Therfore in batayle agajrnes the tyraunte 
he laughte, and gladly was woundid ; neu&r the lese he was a noble 
oufiTcomere, and seide to his spouse, that he moste deye in batayle, 
ande so haue the victorie. And so the maydyn) rose oute of the 
bedde of wrechidnesse and pouc?i;e, and had hire kyngdome ; and 
toke the cote-armot^r of hire housbonde, that was aH be-spryngeld 
with blode, and hange it in hire prevey chambre, that it myght be a& 

' leaf 57. 


sore. The lordis of ]>e lond, seying bowe the Empire was wonne, To 
liire thej come, and wolde have I-hadde hire to wife. Thenne whenne 
she had enteryd fe chambir, and sawe ]>e blody serke, she seide with 
a lamentabitt yojs, ^' Alias 1 ))at I shold take ony husbond, after }e 
lord that daide for me, And wan myne heritage!'' And so she 
answerid to a& ))at come to hire for that erende, and fayi^ endid hire 
lyfe, &c. 


Deere frendis, fis Emperour is )>e fadir of hevyn. Jje only 
doubter, that is so faire and so fresh, is ))e soule of man, ]>at is made 
to his owne likenesse, to whom god hal^ jevin and beque]>on his 
Empire, })at is to sey, paradise. But })enne comith an Erie, set?. ])e 
deviH, and excity]> hire to synne, As whenne he saide, Quacumque 
hora inde comederitis^ eritia sicut dii, This is to sey, In what houre 
yai ^e etyn) of })is fhite, ^e shuH be as goddis. And so, for breking< 
of ]>e commaondement of god, we were aH y-put oat of the heritage 
of paradise into ]>e kyngdome of ]>e wordle, and ])at in gret wrecchid- 
nesse, as scripture shewil^, In sudore vtdtua tut &c. But fesme 

[Second Version. Addit MS. 9066.] 

wey redy to hire sight*. Afterwards, be processe of t}nne, come to hire 
noble men, for to wedde here. She answeric), and seide, that hire 
housbonde had! shewed to here so many tokens of loue, that neuer 
she shuld take othere housbonde. and if it happenyd any tyme 
that hire mynde for frealte begone to bowe, be delectacion), Anone 
she rose vp, and wente into here Chambyre, and behelde the cote- 
armour of hire housbonde, that was be-spryngelid with blode ; and 
wepte for the dethe of here housbond, for grete loue ; and so a& ))e 
wille of weddyng* sesid. 

[Declaraoic] What shuH we vndirstonde by this maydyn), 
that hath this ryaH kyngdome, but mankynde beyng< in paradise % 
l^ankynde was f3rrste in the state of Innocencie, and had gyven) 
of god spir/tuaU richesse, to with-stonde his aduersaries; as 
seynte Austyn) seithe, in an) Omelie, the prince of vices, while 
he ouercome Adam), that was made of slyme of the Erthe to 
the Image of god, and armyd with chastite and clennesse, arayed 
with temperaunce, and made shjrnyng* with charite. The enemy 
spoyled oure fyrste parente of his giftes, and of his money, and 
goodes, and also slowe hym). And after that mankynde was putt 
oute of paradise, he was longo in pouerte and miserei; neuer tho 

26 IX. THE BL00D7 SHIRT. MORALITE. HARL, 7333^ & ADDIT. 0063. 

comitH a wele faire knyjte and a strong, 8ciL )>at is to sey, our lord 
ih^u crist, ye whicfi hadde compassion) of mankynde ; and he drowe 
matrimony vriih ys, ))at is to say, whan ^at he tooke our kynde, and 
hayld batail ajenst the deviH, and gate our heritage. And yeriore^ 
sens, late vs do as dude ]>e dameselle, late us [honge the] serke, 8eiL 
a fresh mynde, yp on) ^e perche of our herte, aciL to sey howe )»at 
our lord ihe^u criste shadde his bloode for ys ; And ^enne if ony, 
BCiX the deviH, or Jw fles^ or eny oper stery vs to synne, lat vs 
renne swiftely to fe fojt of pe passion) of crist, and sey, Jat we woH 
haue non) ofer but him pat so shadde his bloode for vs, for we 
shold haue eu^lasting life in blisse. To ]>e which he vs bring that 
is Lord euerlasting ! Ad quam nos pevducatf Amen. 

[Second Version. Addit MS. 9066.] 

lese the sone of hym) that is hieste, that is, the Sone of go<), louydl 
hire ; as it is saide, with pariite charite I haue louydf that ; And 
therfore hauyng* mercy I haue drawen) f e ; the which he weddid in 
his incarnacion). the Sone of god vnyed hym) to mankynde to 
pe dethe ; and aH thoughe pe soule were partid fro the bodie, neuer 
the lese the soule and the bodye with in iij. dayes were vnyed to the 
godhede ; and feghtyng* godis sone Criste, god and man), with the 
deuyH, he was slayne in bataylle, and of his victorie man) kynde 
was brought agayne into the kyngdome of heuyn). Therfore the 
armys of oure spouse Ihe^u Criste, that so many tokens of loue hathe 
shewed to vs, moste be hanged in oure prevey Chambre, that is, in 
oure herte and in our mynde, that it may be a shewyng< euery day 
to pe Eyen) of our soule ; as it is written), the dethe of my wele be- 
louyd sone, that he suffred for ^ my helthe, moste att weye be had in 
mynde. But oure Enemeis drawyng* vs to delectable thinges, wolde 
wedde vs, and bryng* vs to synne. we shuH then answere hem) 
thus, '' While I haue in mynde the blode of hym) that was so kynde, 
*ande kyng*,^ how shuld I hym forsake, that the dethe for me wolde 
take 1 Nay, for sothe, I shall not so, for he brought me from mekilt 
woo." Therfore tume we the Eyen) of oure mynde to the armys of 
oure spouse, that was aH besprengild with his blessyd blode. Then 
all confusion), consente, and dilectacione to synne shall sese, by the 
Yc^'tue and myght of his blessyd passyoii) and dethe. 

' leaf 57, back. ' These two words seem euperfluous. 

Z. FOCUS THB SMITH. STORT. BABL, 7333, & ADDIT. 90664 27 



BABL. MS. 7333.) 

^ Appolanins regnyd in Borne, ]>e whictL maade to be ordenyd, as 
for a lawe, f&t ecH man sholde, yp peyne of detti, kepe ))e day of ]>e 
burtJl of )>e Emperour, as for a f estf ufi day. And perloTQ he callid 
io him viigilie, fe phUo^ophre, & saide, '^ Goode maister, I suppose 
Tvele, ))at ^ ben many trespassis don) a3en8t my lawe, ^e which ben 
kept 80 prively, )>at I may not knowe hem ; And ^erfore I wolde 
pray ]w to make for me some crafte, by ]»e which I may come to the 
knowlich of such prive trespace." So shortely to seyn), this virgilie 
made by his crafte an ymage or a statute, and sett him in ])e myddys 
of ^e Cite, ]>e which sholde shewe and telle to fe messag^rs of fe 
Emperour the namys of hem ))at breke pe lawe of ]>e empe9*our ; and 
by this were mony men accusid. In ^is same tyme per was a smith 
in ^e Cite, that was y-callid YocuSy ]>e which helde not ^e day of ^e 

Emperour. So as he lay in his bed, he thowte fat ]>is ymage accusid 

1 leaf 165, col. 1. 

[Second Version. Addit MS. 9066.] 
[ in. leaf 8, back. ] 

Appolonius in the Cite of Rome reigned, that ordeynecl, for' a law, 
that eche man shuld 'holde, ypon)* payne of dethe, the day of 
his birthe as an holy day. And called to hym virgile, and said 
to hym, " My' dere maister, *I wold have the day of my birthe kept 
as an holy day, but^ happely there* shaH^ be agayn) the law many 
prive synnes, 'to breke it.^ IF Therfore I pray the, make suche crafte, 
by the which I may know the 'trouthe, and who be brokers of the 
law." And he said, " Thi wille shalle be done." IF Anon) virgile by 
his wycche-craft* made an ymage in the* myddes of the Citee of 
Rome. So that Image ^® was wonte to^^ shew and for to telle the^* 
messangers of the Emp^our alio 'theym) that didden) ayenst^' the 
Emp^rours biddying ; wherf ore the ymage accused many. IF There 
was that tyme dwellyng^* in the Citee ^* a Smyth, whos name was 
^^Fokus, that the day of the Empcroui* on) no wise kept halyday. So^^ 

' Om, • kepe oii. ' Otn. * Om. * (hn. • shold. ^ Om, 

• crafte. • Om. " The ymage. " for to. " to the. 

" hem that dyd agayno. ^* Om. *' cite of Rome. *' leaf 9. 

" Om. 

28 Z. FOOUS THB SMITH. STORT. SARL. 7383, & ADDFT. 9066» 

many, and he dradde ^e moi' ; But Erly in the morowe he ros, and 
3ede to fia jmage, and saide, ** Sey pou, felawe, that accusist so mony, 
and tellist such talys, I make avowe to god, that if pon be so bold 
to telle of me, I shall breke ^ine hed j what loreH art thou 1 ** and 
so he jede^ home his wey. The Emperour sent messagers to him 
in pQ same day, as he was y-wonyd afore, for to knowe who was cul- 
X>able in his lawe. Whenne pe messagers were y-come, pe ymago 
saide to hem, '* Hold vp yoz^r hedis, and redith what is writen in my 
front." And pei founde fis y-wreten, Tempara mutantur ; Homines 
deteiiorantur ; [qui voluerit veritatem dicere^ caput fraetum habebit;] 
this ia to sey, * tymys ben chaungid ; and men ben hyndred, or tumyd, 
or I-made worse ; but he ]>at woH sey soth, sh^ haue a broke hede,' 
'' and pertote goith home, and tellith jour lord aH peX je haue seyne, 
& hurde, and rad." They jede home in hire way, and tolde pe 
Emperour afi pea thingis. Thenne spake ^e emp^our, wit^ a 
grevous contynaunce, *' I commaunde pat ^e go a^en y-armyd, and if 
je finde ony ^at woli: offende or threte him, bring ^ him to me 
y-bound fot and bond." Thei jede c^en to pe ymage, and saide, 

' ^e, MS. * and bring, MS. 

[Second Version. Addit MS. 9066.] 

on a tyme, as he lay in his bedde, he thought this ymage accused^ 
many; IF And *on the* morow he arose' erly, and went to the ymage, 
and said to hym, " Thou art he that accuseth^ aH. I make a rowe 
to my god, that yf thou accuse me, I shatt breke thyne hede." 
Whan he had thus said, he went home. IF The Emperoui^ the othei^'* 
day sent messangers to the ymage, as he was wonte to do, that he 
shuld telle hym trouthe^ of ^hem that wroughten) ayenst^ his law. 
IF The ymage said vnto® the messangers, "lifte vp youi^ eyen), and se 
what® is written) in my forhede." Iliey loked, and saw this^^ 
scripture, Ths^^ tymes are chaunged^, and men are made worse ; he 
thai vnUe telle troutJie,^^ shall have a hrokevb hede. Gro^' therfore, 
and shew^* to youre lord that ye have seen and radde." II The messan- 
gers went^ *and shewed to the Emp^ouf ^^ what thei had seen and 
rad. Than the Emp^our said, "gothe armed to the ymage, and yf 
ye fynde any that manasel^ hym, bryng hym to me bounde bothe^^ 
handes and feete." IF The messangers went to the Image, and said to 

' aociuyth. * at. ' rose. * accumt * tother. * aothe. 

"^ them that wrought ageyn. 'to. * that. '° the. " Om. 

** aothe. " Qothe. '^ shewyth. '* to the Bmperour, and shewyth hym. 

Z. FOCfUS THB SMITH. 8T0BT. SABL, 7333, & ADDIT, 0066. 29 

*' do Y8 to knowe, if ^ be onj fat thretenitli pe ; For we ben ledy 
to venge fe." "Takitfi," quof ye jmage, " Focus, Jw smytli, for he 
kepitti not pe day of pe Emp^rour." Anoon thei broujte pQ smytli 
af oie )>e Emperour ; and the Emperour leprevid him, for he kepte 
not ^e day of his bortB. Herkenith nowe the answeie of the smytlL 
— '^ Sir," he seide, ** me most euery day nedis labonre, and deserue 
Ti\j. pense ; And I may not gete hem but I travaile Ji^rfore ; And 
^erfore, sir, I may not kepe your day more than oberJ* Thenne 
saide )>e empe?*oar, ''how so? wherfore most pou. ^hane eu^ry day 
viij*?" The smytti saide, "forsol^, sir, for y* me most euery day 
^elde and paye. As for my dette ; me most leene \j^ ; spend \j' ; and 
lese ii\" Thenne saide ^e emperoure, ''telle me this tale more 
exprcssely.'' . " Sire,** quof foetid, " I pay euery day ij* to my fadir ; 
for whenne I was yong, he spende ech day so moch ypon) me^ and 
for he is nowe an old man), and may not helpe him selfe, I most 
nede, by way of kinde and of reson), jeld him ij''. Also I lene ^' to 
my sone, for his sustinaunce, desiring* that he reward hem to me 

^ leaf 165, ool. 2. 

[Second Vemon. Addit MS, 9066.] 

hym, " say ys trouthe ; yf there be any man that manaseth the, we 
shaH take on him vengeaunce." IF The ymage said, " take Foke, the 
Smyt^ for he it is that on no maner kepeth the day of the Emperoui^." 
Anon) thei toke, and laddeu) the Smyth to the Emperour ; and he 
blamed hym Vhi he^ kept not his day.^ If He said, " My lord, I 
beseche you here me, and yf I aunswere resonably, have' me excused, 
and els I put me in youre grace." IF The Empe^'oui' said, " I shali 
here the, and that is right I shaH do." IF The Smyth said, *' 'My lord,* 
every day I must have Eight pens, and this I may not have but yf I 
worke; and therfore I may not kepe ^no haliday, no more^ that day 
than anothei'." IT The Emperour said, " Whi must thou have Eight 
pens 1 " IF He said, " For every day me must yeld ij. pens, lese ij . pens, 
lene ij. pens, and spende ^. pens." The Emperour said, " Say me 
prestly what thou menest by this vi\j. pens." He said, " ^. pens I 
am beholdeu) to yeld to my fadir every day ; for whan I was yonge, 
my fadir spent^ on me g. pens, and now he is olde, and may not help 
hym selfe, wherfore, by wey of kynd, I am beholden)^ to help hym ; 
therfore thise \j. pens I yeld to hym for his sustenaunce. IF Also I 
lene ij. pens to my sone, [by*] the whiche [he'] is susteyned; that 

' whjch. • halydaj. • hathe. * Om, * Om, * spendyd, 

' holde. • Supplied from 0, 


ajeiiy when I iaE in to age, and may not worcH, as I do nowe to my 
fadir. And, sir, I leese ij*, that is to sey, vpon) my wife." " Why 
on pi wife ? " quo]) fe Emperour. " Sir, for 30 knewe neuer woman, 
but if she hadde on of theise poyntys, &cil, fat is to sey, or she woH 
folewe hire owne will, or contrarie f e will of hire husbond, or ellis 
she is of an hot complexion). Also, sir, I spende ij*^ vpon) myselfe, 
in mete and drinke ; and je wite wele, ]>is is litel y-now." Tho seide 
fe emperour, "By my lewte, fis is wel answeryd, and Eesonabilly 
spoken." The emperour deyde sone after, and focus f e smyth was 
I-chosen into ]>e Emperour, for the goode acounte ])at he made of 
his viij*. 


Goode men, who is ))is Emp^our 9 Hope we hit is our lord ihesu. 
crist, ))e which hath ordeyned for lawe, ]7at ech man shold kepe ))e 
sabots day. virgil that^ payntith & settith this ymage, is ]>e Holy 
gost, J)e whi(^ settith vp a prechowr, to shewe vertuys & vicis, not 
sparing no moi^ ]>e rich ))an ]>e poore. but nowe on days, if the 
prechour seye soth, or teH ho brekit^ fe commaundement, or ]>e wifi 

' than, MS. 

[Second Version. Addit MS. 9066.] 

whan I come to age, or to poverte, he ^ may *helpe me, *and' yeld me 
thise ij. pens agayne, as I do to* my fadir. IF Also ij. pens I lese, and 
that is on my wyf«." IF The Emperour said, " Whi on thi wyf* 1 " 
he said, " Where 'herd ye* ever of wyf, but* she wold have one of 
thise 'thre ; First she wille in any wise^ have her owne wille, or els® 
contrary to her husbond, or els^ hoote of complexion) ; and therfore 
what^® I yeve her, I lese. IF Also ij. pens I spende on my self*, in mete 
and drynk*, and that is liteH I-nough." Than the Emperoiu' said, 
*'Tor sothe^^ thou hast aunswered wisely." And so he was excused. 
Sone after that, the Emperour died, IF And Poke, the Smyth, was 
chosen to be^^ Emperour, by cause that ^'^ he so profitably had spended 
his^* viij. pens, and so afterward he died in pease. 

f Declaracio. Frendes, this Emperoui' is oure loi-d Ihe»u Crist, that 
made this lawe, that every man shuld halow the holy day. By virgile, 
that made the Image, to sey trouthe. Is vndirstond the holy gost, that 
reiseth vp the prechour for to preche, and shew vertues and vices, so 
that he neither spare nother riche ne poore, hye ne low. IF But now, yf 

* that he. ■ leaf 9, back. • Om. * now to. • sawyst thou. 

• but that ' y. other she wolde. ® ellys she wolde be. . ' Om. 

»« what so. " Om, " Otn. ' " Om. " thes. 


of crist, foTSotli he sbaU be thretenyd of ^e enemeys of crist, scfL 
Ivel men, pe whicK neyp^ lovitti god, ney^ hire neghebowre. 
And perfore in fe days ]>at ben nowe, the prechonr may sey ])e wordis, 
^t wei' wretyn in ]>e front of ]>e ymage, Tempora mutantttr [de 
pejore in pefus], Tymys ben chaungyd fro worse to worse ; Homines 
deteriorantur, This is to sey, men ben y-K^anngyd or ben made worse. 
— ^How so t For in tyme afore thei were deuoute, blessid, and meke, 
and now ]>ei haue no deuocion), and ben om^, and wickid, and 
havith no soule; and p^fore he that wol sey sotii now, may be 
shent, and haue a brokyn ^hed. And ])erfore hit is nedefuH, )»tt par 
stond armyd men by ]>e prechour, ocil. goode werkis, for to be witK 
him ; And if it be so, he dare not drede, if he haue with him god and 
sothfastnesse, as the apostifi seyeth, 8t Deuspro mSy quis contra ma, 
This is to sey, if God be wttA me, who may be ajenstf — as who 
seyith, noon). By pis smyth focus is vndirstond euery goode cristyn) 
man ; pe whic& owith euery day to worcb goode workys, and so ben 
worthi to be presentid to pe "Emperour of Hevene, by pe mynystria 
of pe same Emperot/r, bcU. angelis and holy sayntis, pat haven taken 
heede to his goode werkis. And as pis smyth jelde ech day to his 
fadir ^^ so owe we to jelde to oure fadir of hevene oper too, pat is 

* leaf 155, back, ool. 1. * 

[Second Version. Addii. MS. 9066.] 

the prechour say trouthe agayn) synne, anon) he is that that threteth 
and manaseth by the enemyes of crist, that are wikked men, that 
neither love god, ne her Eme-cristen). % Wherfore the prechour may 
say trewly in thise daies that was writen) in the forhede of the ymage, 
Tymes are chaunged, that is, fro wikkednesse into worse. For olde 
tymes were wonte to be to vs more profitable than thei be now. And 
men are now made worse ; for thei were wonte to be deuoute, meke, 
and buxome, and now thei are deuoute in crewelnesse, and have no 
mercy. IF And therfore who so saieth trouthe in thise daies, he shatt 
have a broken) hede. IF Wherfore it is necessary that armed men 
stonde before the ymage, that is, the prechoui'. Tho are goode 
werkes in every prechour or prelate of holy chirch ; And yf it be so, 
than dare he not drede, sithen) thei have god and trouthe before 
hem. For as the ApposteH saitti, yf gode be wi't/i vs, who is agayn) 
vs 1 IF Foke, the Smytli, that wrought as every good cristen man, 
that every day oweth for to werke meritorio werkes, and so oflre hym 
before the Fadir of heven). II This Fuke, Smyth, yelded \j. pens to 


to eey, love and honour. For whenne we wer' afi childryn of p«?xi£- 
cion), and myjte not helpe ¥S selfe, Thenne sent god adowne his owne 
geten sone to delyuar vs out of J^raldom, as seyitll saynt Ion, Sic 
Deu8 dilexU mundum.y vt JUium euum vnigenitum daret, This is to 
^J9 S<>d lovid ]>e wordle so wele, that he fowchid-safe to jeve his 
owen geten sone. Also as focus lent to his sone ofer ij^, Ei^t so owe 
we to jelde to ))e sone of goode wiH and meretory worlds, that he 
may jelde it to vs c^en in the day of dome, whenne the body shal be 
glorified with fe soule. and fat he may be callid our sone, it 
ehewith wele in scnptur*, wher it is y-saide, Piier nolna natiis est^ et 
filiua datvs est tiobie, This is to sey, A child is borne to ys, and a 
sone is joven to vs. Also he lost ij* vpon) his wife, — ^howe so ? J)£ 
wife is pi fleshe, ])at ^u my^te not lefe ; pe ij^ but delectacion) and 
consenting*, yat povL hast to synne ; And so the flesh is eu6r contrarie 
to pQ spirite, and redy to IviL Also he spende \j^ vpon) him selfe, 
as ]>us. By pe first peny is vndirstond penaunce for synne, for ])e 
wich pe soule is glorified in hevene ; The secounde peny is good per- 

[Second Version. Addit MS. 9066.] 

his fadir. IT Bight so we are holden) to yeld \j. pens to the Fadir of 
heven, that is, love and worahippe ; for whan we are ^ children) of 
losse and p^dicion), and in servage of the fende, he sent his sone 
only to bye vs agayn) ; sicui hahetur in euangdium, Sic Detu dilexit 
mundum, &c. *Foke, the Smyth, lent ij. pens to his sone. This \j. 
pens are oui' goode werkes, that is, wille and meritorie dedes ; whiche 
ij. worker we owen) to lene to Ihesu, Crist in this lyf , that he may 
yelde vs atte day of dome, whan the body with the soule shaR be 
glorified, that he be our sone. IT It is written) in ysaie the prophete, 
a childe is borne to vs, and a childe is yeveu) to vs. This childo 
Ihesus shali yeld this ij. pens ; he shcdi shew to our bodely eye his 
blissed manhede glorified. And the othei' peny is the sight of oure 
soule, his glorious godhede, the which sight shali never faile, but 
ever be ioye and blisse, bothe to the body and to soule. IF Also Foke, 
the Smyt^, lost ij. pens on his wyf*. This wyf" is thyne owne flessh, 
the whiche thou maist not forsake. The ii. pens, that thou lesest on 
thi flessh, is eveli delectacion), and consent to synne, in as moche as 
the flessh is alway contrarie to the spirite, and redy alway to eveH. 
U Also he spent ij. pens on hym self*, for his Mode, by the first peny 
IS vndirstond penaunce for synne, by the which the soule is gladed, 
and in heven) glorified. By the second peny is vnderstond goode 

» were ? ■ leaf 10. 


seu^raimcey ^t poa owist to haue aH fe tyme of pi life; For ]»e 
apost^ Bejff etui peTseueiauerit tugae in finem, salutts erit^ This is 
to sejy He that contynuyl^ vn to the last ende, shaH he safe. And 
^6rfoie if faa wolt in fia Man^r spend fjn vi\j% douteles }ou myjtb 
oome to pe kyndom) of heven. 

[.Second Version, Addit. M& 9066, leqf 10.] 

peiseyerannce^ the -virhiche thoa owest to hold a& thi lyf tyme ; For 
as the Apostett sait^ he that is perseyeraimt in goode werkyng, vnto 
the ende, he shaH he sanf. IT And yf ye spend thise ij. pens thus, 
as Foke did, ye shaH have everlastjrng lyf*. To the wluche hiynge 
fs he that reignetfi in hUsse wit& outexi) ende ! Amen. 


This Emperour is fe deviH, fe which steritli a man to holde his 
day, that is to synne, ^and to wroth god eni9nnoi'. Yirgilie is ))e 
holy gost, ^t sittith yp a prelate in ]w chirch, to shewe and pro- 
nounce yici?, & allege holy scripturis a^enst synnerys. The smyth, 
jHit kepil^ not fe holy day, and spendith vi\j^ is ech good cnstyn 
man, fai tumy th not to the instigacion) of ^e devitt, hut ^at tumyth, 
and tuinitili, and stondyt^ wtt^ Cnste. And per he )>es scripturis, 
Ihnpora mviantury for it is tumyd, ]>at ]»e wordle chaungit^ euer fro 
worse in to worse ; JEt hamijies detenorantnr, hit is soth, men hen 
alQwer and slower ; The ^irde is. Si verum dicatj caput frangatur^ 
This is to sey, He ]>at seyith soth, shal haue a hroken hed, scU. grete 
thretenyng*, [and] crueH wordis. And yerfove per hen fewe nowe a 
dais |Mit wott put hem selfe Pro dome Israel, aetl, for god. The 
smyth jaf euery day ij to his fadir, And so owe we for to jeve to ])e 
fadir of hevene houotir and love; to pea too we hen y-hounden. 
This smyth lente to his sons ij^, ^at is to sey, good wil, and goode 
werke, ]>at we shul 3elde to iesu crist our sone; for wit^oute 
dowte, whenne we shul passy pia life, and mowe not helpe ts selfe, 
he shal jelde to ys pe fowrefold, as he seyith, Centuplum accipietis^ 
et viiam eternam possidehitiSf This is to sey, 3e shul haue and take an 
hundridfold meede. And je shul owe & haue euerlasting life. Also 
the smyth lost \j' ypon his wife ; so do we vpon) our flesch, acil. ]>at 

' leaf 155, back, ool. 2. 
OEffTA. 3 


is to sey, Ivil dilectacion), and consenting of synne. The wieccbid 
flescli coveiitli theise two, and whenne ))ei haue it, hit is y-lost, Por 
god is ofTendid by hem too ; And ])e flesh may wele be y-callyd \i 
wife. For 3it as )ra wife ib weddid by ordor of matrimonye, & may not 
departe^ save only deth, So \\ flesh may not be departid fro thi 
bonys, but by yiolence, whei^ as wormys gnawi^ it of. Also ^e 
smyth spendith ech day ^' vp on him selfe ; And so sliuld we euery 
day showe twey lovis, Jiat is to sey, oon to god, pat pou love him 
wtt/t ati ]>yne herte, with all })yne mynde, with aH \fi soule ; That o\er 
love is to love our ne^boure as vs selfa And if we ))us spend our 
yiij', wit^ oute ony doute we shuH haue ^ Empire of Hevene, as 
focus had ^e Empire of erth, Ad quam celeste imp&rium^ &a 

[ XL ] 


^Lenoppus was a wise Emp^rour, and regnyd in Home; And 
among aH othir vertuys he was m^cifufi; And for grete pyte he 
maade a lawe, that euery man ]>at were blinde, shuld haue an G*. 
Hit happid, ])at xiiij. felawis were gon to-gedre to ])e Cite of Home 
out of ))e cuntre, for noon o^er cause, but only for to drinke wyne. 
And whenne pei were sette in the Taue?me, ))ei cessid neuer drinking 
by ))e space of iij. days or iiij, and dronke more be moch ])an ))ei 
hadde money to pay for. At ]>e last the tauemere askid his payment^ 
and saide^ ))at noon) of them shuld passe, til tyme ))at he were paydf. 

■ leaf 166, ool. 1. 


[Second Version. Addit MS. 9066, leqf 10.] 

Teucippus reigned in the Gitee of Bome, the whiche amonge other 
yertues that he had, he was mercifuH ; wherfore of grete mercy he 
ordeyned a law, that every blynde man shuld have an hundred 
shelynges of his tresoure. IF It iille on a tyme, that xxii^. men come 
to the Citee, for to drynke wyne ; and all thei went into a Taveme, 
and there satte drynkyng i^. dales or ii^. tille thei hadde dronken) 
more wyne than they had money to paye. % Than the Tavemez' asked 


nienne spake ooxd of ^ drinkers^ and saide to his felowis, ** Seris, 
I can teH jon a goode conseil in Jris cas. ^t wete wei, it is )w lawe 
of the Empdroor, ^at eu^ry blind man shuld haue to his tresour an 
C ; And perfore^ sms, lat ys drawe cut, and drawe out his yen, on 
whom the cut wol teJle ; And ))enne he may go to fe palys, & aske 
an C* by J>e Emperouiis lawe, and qwite vs aH." And whenne the 
other men hurde ]yi8, they weie right gkd, and seide^ p&t it was 
goode conseiL And fei drowe cut ; and it f elle yp on him ^at jafe 
pe conseiL Thenne his yen) were don out ; and so he wente to ])e 
Emperouris stiward, and askid an C*. ''I^ay," quo]) ^e senescal, 
'' for pou haddist goode s^t jisterday ; nay, felowe, po\x Yndirstondiste 
pe lawe wrong. The lawe is I-sette for hem ))at ben made blinde by 
infirmite, or by pe wiH of god; And pou haddiste ij. yen in pe 
tau^me, and nowe ])ou hast don hem out only by ])i selfe. go a^en 
to the tauemere,^ and accord wit^ him as pou. may, for sothly pou. 
shult of me haue neyther j', ne oholiUy ne quadraTis.** He jede c^en 
to his felowis^ and tolde hem howe the stiward seide to him. 

' tauerne, MS. 

[8&xmd Version Addit, MS, 9066.] 

hem for his wyne, and said, '^ none of* you shali go, tille that I be 
paid." IF Than said one of the drynkers, '' Wille ye ^ have a good 
counsailef" And they said, "Ye, I pray the." Than he said, " ye 
know afi wele everychone, that the Emp^-ours law is, that every 
blynde man shaH ^have an hundred shelynges of the Emperours 
treeorye. IT Therfore cast we lotte amonge vs, and lette se vpona whom 
the lotte shaH falle, and his bothe eyen) lette be put out ; and so he 
may go to the paleys, and after the law aske in the tresorye of the 
Emperour an hundred shillynges; If And with tho hundred shillynges 
we may acquyte vs att." Whan his felawes hadde herde this, thei 
were right glad, and saiden, " this is right a good counsaile." IF And 
so anon) thei cast lotte, and the lotte fille vpon hym that gafe the 
counsaile ; and so his felishippa put out his eyen). And whan he was 
blynd, one of his felawes lad him to the paleys ; and than he asked 
of the Steward an hundred shillynges, as the law was. % The Steward 
said, '' Frende, yisterday thou sawe clere i-noughd, and thou knowest 
hot how the law is made. The law was ordeyned only for men, that 
of infirmyte or of goddes sonde were made blynde, and not for suche 
ad have dronken) out her eyen) in the Taverne ; wherfore go thi way, 
fbr her^' thou shalt have no money." IT The wrecohed blynd man 

. * we, MS. * leaf 10, back. 


Whenne )^ tau^mer hurde ^is, he spoiled him of all his dothis, and 
bette him soore, and so lete hem aH go with gret confusion), &c. 


Deere Frendis, ))is Emp^rour is our Lord \e8\x crist, ^e which 
hath maade a lawe, ])at ech man ))at is blind, bcU, eu^ry erj^ely man 
that synnyth, by instigacion) of f e devifi, of f e wordle, or of f e 
flesh, that if he be sory for his synnys, as blind men ben for hire 
dorkenesse, he shalle haue an C*, ))at is to sey, an hundride sithis ioy 
of victorie; as he seyithe, Centuj)lum accijnetis, et vitam etetnam 
possidebitis, vt supra. And so is a synner callid blind. The felowis 
that corny th to ))e taueme, er synners, ])at gon ofte tyme to the 
tauerne of ]»e deviH, And drinkith, wU, wastith & co9)sumyth aH )^ 
vertuys ^at }>ei Keceiyid in Baptisme ; And so the deviH spoilith hem 
of aH ^the goodis that they haue y-dou). They drowe cut^ sa7. 
dUectacion), and custome of synne ; And ]>e sort of synne fallith vp 
on him that is wi't/it oute rijtwisnesse or mercy. Suche a man) is 
wilfully blynde, as was Judas, that betrayd crist, his lord, wtt^oute 
ony suggestion) ; And ])erfore his synne was }>e moor^. And J)erfore 

* leaf 156, ool. 2. 

[Second Version. Addit MS. 9066.] 

went to his felawes, and told hem this aunswere of the Steward. 
IT Whan the Tavemei* had herd this, he spoyled hem aH out of her 
clothes ; and so with grete confusion) thei went out of the Citee^ and 
were no more sayn). 

IT Declaracio. Frendes, this Empfrour is oure Lord Jhesa. crist, 
that made this law, that every blynde man shuld have an 
hundred shillynges, that is, every man that synneth of infirmyte, 
or instigacion) of the fende, or of his flessh, withe oute doute, 
yf he enterly sorow for his synne, he shaH have an hundred 
shillynges, that is, an hundred old more loye ; IT luxta tllud, Centi- 
plum accipietis, &c. IT Therfore eche man that synneth dedely, is made 
blynde. Thise men, that comyn) to the Taverne to drynke wyne, are 
synners, that ofte sithes gone to the Taverne of the fende, and 
diynke^; so that thei consumen)^ all the vertues that thei resceived 
in her baptyme ; wherfore the deveH spoyleth aH suche of aH the 
goodes that thei have done. And than thei cast lotte, and the lotte 
of synne falleth on hym that is with out rightwisenesse and mercy, 
and such one is made blynd, that is, a synner most vile, as ludaa 

* coQBuaren, MS. 


when sacK on comitii to ^e siiwarde, 8<nZ. prelatis of holy chiich, he 
may not lijtly haue grace. — ^Whyf For fey hen not in J)e wey to 
leve hire synne. And ferfore htte ts not synne wilfully \ hut if we 
synne hy sikenesse, or frailte, anoon late vs wtt/^ ahrifte, and contri- 
cion), and fulfilling of penaunce, do it away, to haue lemission) of 
our synnesy And ioy perduiahle, ])at graunte yb )^ lord^ Qui cum 
patra, &c. 

[Second Version. Addit. MS. 9066.] 

tiaitour, that hetraied crUt, wit£ out any suggestion) ; and therfore 
^he synned the more. IT Suche, whan thei come to the Steward, that 
is, the prelate of holy chirche, to aske the hundred shillynges, that 
is, grace ; and he shaH aunswere as the Steward did, IT Go thi way, 
for thou gettest none while thou stondest in dispaire, as ludas did. 
Therfore studie we ^, with bB. oure diligence, to please god in aH 
thynge, and than we mow have everlastyng m'ede. Amen. 

> leaf 11. 

[ XII. ] 
(how thb Kiero of hunoabt was disapfoxntbi) of his wife.) 

Polemus was a wise Emperour, regnynge in f e Cite of Rome, ))e 
which hadde a passyng faire dojter, callyd Aglaes. Ther was a 
kny;t in [the] palis, that hyely lovid fis faire may ; And in a cer- 
teyne day )nB kny;t hadde a speche wf t^ hire, and shewid to hire 
)^ love of his herte, )»at he hadde to hireward. Whenne he hadde 
maade his reuelaoios) to hire, she seide a^en, That sitth he openyd 
his harte to hire, so Sche wold openy hire herte to him ; and saide^ 
That she hadde lovid him in privite, with prive affeccion), hifore all 
men, and fat hy long tyme. Thenne ]>e knyjte was glad, and saide, 
''I mot yisite fe holy lond ; and f^ore jif me fi truthe, and fou 
ahalt haue myne, that I shal not this yy. jere haue no wife hut ]>e, 
ne fou none hushond hut me ]>is yij. jere ; And if I come not ajen 
Jns T^» ^ere day, I woH fat pon take an hushond where f e shal hest 
like.** The maide saide, she wold consent ; and fer they pli^t hire 
truthe ; And ))e knyjt tooke his leeve, & went his way. Sone 
after fe Emperour spake wiih fe kyng of hungery^ for manage to 


be maade bitwene his dowtyr and him, A day was set wbanne the 
king shuld come and see hire ; and he com ; And he was so hiely 
plesid wit& hire faiie person), and lentiLiesse, and bewte, ])at anoon) 
the Emperour and he were in fuH accord, yf ])e dameseH wolde 
assent. The dameseH was I-callid, and hire fadir seid |}U8, '' Deei^ 
douter, hei^ I haue spokyn) wit/i a king to be thyne husbond ; Neufir- 
theles I woti in this cause knowen J>i wille. What seyist foul ** " A I 
fadir/' quo]) she, ''me likil^ the kyng fuH wele, but I beseche ^you 
for goddis loue, that je ordayne no man to me theise yij. jere, for I 
haue ayowid ohastite ])^ vig. jere." Anoon ^ Emperour wrot \\% 
answere to ^ king, and askid if he wolde abyde. And whenne ]?e 
king hard this, he |}0)te it was but as ])e space of y^j. days, he hadde 
so hye loye to hire ; and grauntyd to abide hire. So the yij. ysi^ 
were ycome to f e ende ; in ])e last day of hem f o maide stoode in a 
wyndowe of a chambir weping, and saide, '' Alias 1 alias ! for my 
loye bihi3t me for to come to-morowe fro f e holy lond. And to-mor- 
owe is f e day of ]7e kinge of hungry, to haue me to wife ; And if my 
loye come not to-morowe at his our, aH ])e loye is lost J^at I hadde to 
him 1 " So whenne ])e day com, the king maade him redy to come 
to ]>e Emp^our, wi\h a gret oost, for to wedde his dowter, as coye- 
Haunt was ; And he come y-clothid alk in purpre & bisse. And as 
he roode by ])e way, the knyjte come ho |w hooly lond on a faiie 
paliray, and roode toward fe king. And ])e king saide to him^ 
^ Deere frend, whens art ]m>u, and whodir art ^u boun ) " " Sir," 
quoth he, '' I am a kny^t of the Empire, and I come now fro ^ holy 
lond ; And I am a saruaunt of yoiirys in aH })at I can and may.'' 
Anoon \er come a gret rayne, and shent )>e kingis clothis ; and )x) f e 
knyjt saide to f e kyng, '' ]}ou hast ydon) lyel and ynwisely, for you 
brojtist not ))yn) houe iriik f e.*' Thenne saide ))e king, '' Myne hous 
is large, and maade of lyme and stone ; and how shold I haue y- 
broujt myne hous witA me 1 \ou spekiste lewidly." '' I trowe wel I 
do," quo]) fe knyjt; '^ iN'euer])eles ^it shalt yon not fynde me a 
foole." And so ]>ei reden) fortii tiH ]>ei come to a watar ; and the 
king knewe not ])e depnesse ])drof, but he smot his hors yriXh ]ie 
sporys, and roode in, and was ny dreynt. The kny^t roode in ^ 

' leaf 156, back, ool. 1. 

XU. THB lUNQ OF HUNOABT. 8T0RT. HAJtL, 7333. 39 

ofer side of pe water, and badde no peril at att ; And ])enne lie seide, 
'' pcm were in gret peril, and pertore ]>oa didist lewdelicB, ]>at pou 
iooke not J)i biigge with p^" ** Thowe spekist merveilously/' seide 
^kinge; "Mybriggeia y-maade of lyme and stone, and is in leng])e 
moi' than kalfe a myle ; howe shold I have y-bion^t it with me ) I 
sey pan art a lewde man.** '' In happe," saide pe knyjte, '' my f oly 
shal turiie in to wiBsdome.** And when ]>ei hadde riden a while, ^e 
king askid what hour of pe day it was; and pe knyjt seide, '' Sir, 
whosolostete^Itwez'tymefortoete; And ])erfore, my loid ^ king, 
If ^t ^ woH Toche-safe to take a soppe with me, it shal be no dis- 
hononfe to yon, but zather worshup and ]>onking af ore thd ^ lordys of 
the Empire." ^That wol I," quop pe king^ wit^ a goode chere, 
^ take mete of pt." So |>ey sette yn a faire grene place ; and )k) 
king, and att ^t were with him, hadde pere, by pe purvianuce of ^e 
knyjt^ a goode dyner. whenne pe dyner was y-do, pe kny^t seide to 
pe king, *^ sir, )e did lewidly, pet je br(^t not your fadir and your 
Modir with you." ''What spe ^ist ]>our' quop pe king ; '' my Fadir 
is ded, and my modir is an old wife at home 1 Howe sholde I haue 
y-Caiyed hem with mef Forsotk a mor^ foole ^n ^u art, fond I neuer." 
*' Preyse at pe "parting" seide pe knyjt, '' And bihold wele pe ende.'' 
They lode fortli ; and whan pel drowe ny to ^ place, pe knyjt askid 
leeve to lyde by an ojier way, that was nez^; And he dude in thilke 
entent to be afore, and bane awey the dameseUe. But be toke his 
leve at pe king in pia manor. When be askid leeve to go, the king 
askid whodir he wold go) ''FonotiH," seide the knyjte, ''this day 
T^. yeate I lefle a nette yn a certayne place ; yf I fynde it y-broke, I 
woi leeve it ; if y fynde it cleene, and hoole, I wol take it wttA me." 
And so he bade pe king fare wel, and roode fortii on his wey ; And 
pe king helde pe bye way. Whan pe Emperour hurde of pe king, he 
roode ajenst him wit& a grete ost, and Beceyvid hym wortbely ; and 
made him to do of his clothis, and jaf him o^r. So when pe king 
was sette by pe emperour at mete, pe emperour dude him chei' as he 
my^te, and oowde. Wbenna pe mete was y-don, the emperour askid 
tytiungys of pe king ; And pe king answerd, and seide, ** I shal telle 
you what maner talking I hurde ])is day, in the wey. I mette wtt& 

■ leaf 156, back, ptA. 2. 


a knyjte in ])e wey, and he salewid me curtesly ; and when we hadde 
y-rydei]) awhile to-gedre, a gret Eayae oome, and shende my Cloihis ; 
and J)eDne saide the knyjte, that I dude lewdely, for I hiojt not my 
hous with me." "A!" quoJ> fe emperoz^r, "what Clothing weryd 
he 1 " " Certenly," seide the king,- '^ I sawe no clothing on him but 
his cloke, and his hoode on his hed." " Kowe i-wis," quo]) ]^ Em- 
p^our, '^ he is a wise man in ^at word, For ^ hous that he menyd, 
was \\ cloke. He seide je dude vnwisely, that ^e vsid not yottr 
cloke, For if je hadde on your cloke, the reyne shuld not haue 
y-towchid jour clothing." ** Sire," quoJ> J>e kinge, " we redyn further ; 
by a casuel happe or by chaunce I was ny dreynt in a water ; and 
the knyjte rood withoute, and was safe. & whenne he sawe me 
in periH of watir, he seide to me, ))at I dude lewdely, for I brou^t 
^ not my brigge with me." " A ! by my lewte, that man) was no f ole," 
said the Emperoure, " for he seid the grete wysdome ; for thou shuld- 
est, or thou haddist auntrecF thi owne body, have I-had othir to have 
I-go to-fore the, and haue yprevedf the water j and that he callid the 
bryg." " In the name of God, be it," qwod the Kyng. '* And then) 
we ridei]) forth in the wey, and he made me to dyne with hym ; 
and when we had ydyne(), he seid to me, that I did lewdly, that I 
brought not vriih me my sire and my dame." tho said the emper- 
oui^, " that' wise man callid thi sire and thi dame brede and wyne, 
that ])ou shuldest haue Intake wtt^ })e, with o])ir vitails." Tho seid 
the kyng, "As we riden) forth, he asked leve of me to passe by 
ano])6r waye ; and I asked of him whethir he wold go, and he seid 
to me in this fourme ; this day seven) yere I lefte a nette in a place, 
the which I wol now visite ; And if* I f ynd hit as I left hit, I wol 
here hit iriXh me j and I find hit corrupt, I woU let hit duelle stille." 
And when the emperoure hard that, he cried witA an hy vois, 
" Where beth any seruaunt} 1 where) rennyth fast, and lokith my 
doughter in her Chamber, for wtt^ oute doute she is ]>e same nette 
that ho spake of." The seruaunl^ yede to her Chamber, & founde no 
body, for the knyghf had I-fette her while ))e emperoui' met w/t/^ 
]>e kyng. and so, shortly to sey, the kyng had lost his pray, and 
yede home with confusion). 

' leaf 157, col. 1. 



Sirs, thifl Emperouie is onie Lord Ihera Crist ; the dougbter ])ai is 
80 f aiie is euerlasting lyf^ the which god of his goodnesse hathe 
ordeinecl for kynge^, knyghtis, sjmple men), and pouere men. The 
knjght ^t lovith this lady, this dameseH, is emery good Cristen) 
man), that wole haue the kyngdome of heven), for love ^at he hath 
therto; and holdith him Tnworthi perto^ as ^appostiH seith, Nan 
sunt candigne paesiones huiua temporia ad fuiuram gloiiam, ])at is to 
sey, the passions and tribulacion) that beth had in this world are 
not worth! for to hane the loy that is [to] oome. IT The knyght ])at 
goth on pilgremage Y\j. yere,— ^what is )»at1 that eche good Cristen) 
man owith to labonf contynuelly, as doth a pilgryme, in aH the tyme 
of his lyf, in the T^j. werke^ of mercy ; and so wtt^oute doute he 
may haue the en^lastyng lyf* in blisse. IT By l^e kyng ]>at come 
withonte doke, & was ^ y-wet in ))e rayne, may be yndirstond grete 
men), and might! men) of the world, as beth Instices, Bailyfs, and 
othir. V By the cloke )»at coverith o|»er clotbis, we Tndirstond charite, 
the which, as the Appostitt seith, kooeryth multitude of synnes; 
but many oon haue not this doke of charite, & ferioie the! beth wete, 
& fouled with the rayn) of pride, covetise, gloteny, and lechory. 
IT Also the kyng was ny dreynt, for he had no bryg*, — ^what Ib that 1 
For right as hit is hard to passe a depe water withoute a brig. So hit 
ia hard to be saved withoute feith. But thei^ be many of vs that 
woH rathir put her lyf & trust in to the help of the world |»an to 
the help of god, ye which is not oonly myghti but almyghty ; and 
^erfore seith oure savioui', IT Si halnierUU fidem vt granum gynapiSf 
poteritis dicere huic monii transi, et trarmet^ That is to sey, if ye 
haue feith, as moche as hath ]7e com of synewey, ye shuH mow sey 
to a mounten)^ passe, and hit passeth at a word of you. but many 
of vs havith fuH feble feith, & \erioTQ many oon fallith in to ])e 
diche of desperacion), & of dedly synne. Also the kyng had not 
wiik him his fader, neither his modir ] by the f adir, that is cause of 
oure generacion), is vndirstond mekenesse or humilite, wtt^ute which 
yere abideth no vertue in a maii) ; as seith Seint Gregory^ IT Biquia 

> leaf 167, col. 2. 


cetetas tnrhUes sine humilitate portai, quasi in venitan portatj Hub is, 
who BO &ier ^at berith othir vertueB wtt^oute bumilitei he berith 
hem as in to ^ wynde, or as men berith pondir in ^e wynde. The 
modir is hope ; foT as the AppostiH seitSi, IT &pe saltU faoii mimus, 
We bethe made save thoroglL hope. And fer£oT% if a nun witt 
haue this fail' lif that euerlastitily he moste leve the l«ode weye, and 
go by a strayt waye, that is to sey, the wey of penaimce & of fast* 
yng«; of )^ which wey seith the Appostifi, IT Stricta ed viaqm dudt 
ad edum, et pauei ambulant pet earn, This is to eey, the wey la ^ 
Btrayt that ledith to heuen), & few gotil )>^by, but many goth the 
brode wey, acil, flesshly likynge^, ye which ledith to helle. & cer* 
tenly suche men) shul be deceyred, for her goyng fro eutfrlaatyag lif*; 
And yerioie, sin, lete ts vse to loue ezcellantly this fsoj^ lyf*, & 
wisely yse the cloke of Charite, & the bryg of the feith, pe Fadir of 
loulyneese in hert^ the modir of hope, the wey of penacmee and of 
fiistyng*, and then by good argoment, then shtd we hane l^e fail' lyf^ 
that is euarmoie lastyng*. Ad quampetdueai noe, d^o. 

[ XIII. ] 



' A gyos was a wyse emperoore in the Cite of Borne, and loyiJ wele 
/\ bataiH ; the whiche had a knyght wtt^ him ynamed G^erinaldus, 
JLJL. a strong man and a myghty; in the fel<} he was a lyon), and 
in halle he was a lambe. this forseid Emperoui' had a feii' donghter^ 
the which the erle of Palester had previly ravisshede and deflonri j ; 
the which Erie was a grete wariooi', & strong in bataiH ; and fe 
deflouryng of this maide greyed the emp«roui' more than) did the 
laTiashing & withdrawing of her. And to wete what were best to 
be do in this cas, he made a grete Counseifi to be had ; And aeici to 
his iordis, ** Dere Frendis, ye know wele what dispite is ydo to me 
by the defloradon) and violence that is ydo to my donghter. And 

' of, MS. ' kaf 157» back, col. 1. 


^6rf ore I parpose to yeve bataiH ajeii) this Erie ; And Ji^rfbre beth 
redy, eche man in bis degre, ajen) such a day to pasae with me.'' 
"lord," quod thei, "we shul be redy to stond with you [in] lyf* 
and detli." When thei were in bataiH^ there was hard stryf, and 
alld the Emp^ronrs men) were yfeld to grounde, and })e Emperoui' 
was in poynt to be beheded ; But in this hard cas com ])e forsaid 
knyght Grerinaldus, & fought bytwene this Emperoure and his 
enemys ; and with the manly £ghtyng of him the emperoure passid 
with ]>e lif*; but the knyght abode, & rested neu^ tylle he had 
killed the erle ; Neuertheles he had many sore woundis, & he fought 
tytt the blode ran) to his fote. When the Aduersaries saw that the 
lord was ded, thei fled awey; And the knyght pursued vnto the 
tyme that he come where the emperoures doughter was y-sette ; And 
he brought her oute to the Emperoure, her Fader ; For the whiche 
victory and bringing agein of the doughter, he was hily comtnendid 
by aH the empire. £Ut happid aft^ this, that the knyght had a 
grete cause to be sped in the Court of the emp^roure ; and ^eHbre 
the knyght come to the emperoure, and praied him to be fauorable 
in his cause, in as moche as reason) wold suffre. And the Emperoure 
went to his Justices, and seid, " Goth, and yeveth right ynto this 
knyght, as reason) wol asky." And when the knyght had herd thes 
wordis, he cried vriik a lowde voys, and seid, " Alias ! idlas ! yrho 
wold haue ytrowed that the emp^roure wolde haue seid this ! For 
what tyme )k>u was in bataiH, & shuld haue lost thi hede, anon I 
set my self for the, and so thou ascapidist ; now in my cause thou 
sendist ano}>er then thi self, and ])&rfore alas 1 ^at euer I was ybore, 
for sorowe 1 " And even) forthwith he strepid loSm, and shewid his 
woundis that he had receiued for him in bataiH, and seid, '* loo I 
what I haue suf&ed for the, wherd as I put non ynwordiier thing 
for the then my owne body ; and now thou seudist ano^er to sit in 
my cause I Forsoth I servid neuer suche anothir lord 1 " When the 
emperour^ herd ]>es wordis, b^ was confusid in hym self, and 
seid, "01 dere frend, this that ])ou seist is soth; ^ou savedist ^me 
fro dethe ; thou keptist me, and broughtist ayen) my doughter ; & 
^s woundis ]>ou haddist for my love, now, sothly, I i^al come 

> leaf 157, back, col. 2. 


doune, & sjtte for the in my owne persone, ]>at shal tunie the to 
grete ioy & comfort" & so hit was ydo ; the Emperonre discendid, 
and det^ymyned the knyghte^ cause, in so grete plesaunce to ]»e 
^yg^^ t^^ 3^ T'^^T^ comTnendid the emp^roure, fsi disposid so 
wele for his tme knyglit. 


Good men, this emperome may he callid euery good Cristeno man, 
or els i^ mankynd ; the whiche hadde a f eire doughter, sa7. 
the soule y-made to ye liknesse of god. The erle is the deviil', that 
by etyng of the appiH ravisshed ^e soule, & deflourid her ; And so 
aH mankynde was in his seviiitute vnto y<xt fere come a strong 
knyght, BciL oxae lord Ihe^a Crist, ^t fought bytwene fe deviH 
and mankynd, when he heng on the crosse; for if* ^at had not 
bei]^ we had be loste, and p^rpetuelly dampned ; and he brought 
ayens the doughter, acU, fe soule, for the which he sufficed smert 
woundis. but then the knyght havith a cause to spede, aeil. oxae 
lord JhesvL Grist wold fynde in vs a perfite lyf, and ^^ore he 
knokkith on vs eche day, that we be redy to him; for he seith, 
IT Ecce sto ad odiuvi^ ^ puUo ; siquU appenierit, introiho ad aum, ^ 
cejiobo cum tUo, ^ Ule mecumy This is to sey, lo ! I stond atte the 
dore, and knok ; who ])at openyth to me, I shal go in to him, and I 
shal sowpe with him, and he with me. But many don) as did the 
emparoure, fei settith anoper man); bciL it thei shuld do pen- 
aunce, |»ei settith ano]>dr to fulfill her fawtis. IT Non sic impii^ nm% 
sic, This is to sey, Not so wikked man), not so. Do hit thi self, for 
god set not axioper for ])e, but he suf&ed his owne bodye be 
woundid for ^e; And J)arfore in confusion) of vnkynd men) he 
hongith opynly on ])e Cros naked, to shew hem his woundis. And 
^arfore, sares, let vs be kynd ayen), ,& sufifre for him som penaunce 
or peyne, ])at we be not founden) in pe daye of dome Wit^oute som 
good thing or dede ; for he pst suffrith for the loue of god any peyne 
in this world, he shal haue feriore an hundrid folde mede, and 
euarlastyng lifi. Ad gsiom, &c. 

XIY. THB PUTIFUL SON, 6T0RT. BARl. 7838. 45 


(how a son OONCBALSO his FATHSB in his HOUSBy AND HOW HB 


AdLianus regned a wys empdrouie in ])e Cite of Eome ; ^ which 
ordeinecl for the lawe, \eA euery knyght aftir pat he myght no 
more Tse armys, for fehlenease, he ahuld be put oute of the 
empire ; and if* ^ ]>at he myght be f ounde within ^e empire aftir that he 
were impotent, he shold be ded withoute pite. There was a knyght 
named Porphirius, a wise man, and witty in armys & in sUe his 
werkys. When he come in to age, & loste his strengthe, he callid 
to him his sone, that was a knyght, & seid, ''Dere sone, thou 
knowest what is pQ lawe of the emperoure ; & now I am feble, and 
may no lenger yse armys, I mote be put oute of the empire, and per- 
fore I not how I shalle lyye." then seid his sone, " Fader, if hit 
happe the to dye, I am redy to dye witA the. l^eu^heles in sight 
of aH men) thou shalt entry in to a shipp^, and at nyght I shal 
previlye send aftir the ; and then we shul dueUe to-gidro sUe oure 
lyf^, and non shal know {yerof* but I & my wif*, ^t shal servy the 
in my absence." then spake the feuiir, & seid, ^' sone, I thonke the 
moche, but if )k>u do so, I drede that )»ou shalt be accused, & sufTre 
deth for me." then spak the Sone, '^fadir, drede the not; fon 
shalt abide wtt^ me, and I shaH f ynde the aH the daies of my lif." 
then the fadir entrid in to a Shippe, in sight of folke, as who seith, 
now go I oute of the empire, aftir the lawe ; but in the nyght he 
oome prerely again to his sones hous, and his sonnes wif seryid 
him. And eu^ when eny CounseiH shuld be ydo in |>e Empire, 
fe yong knyght was calUd ^drto; and pere was non that yaf 
better Ck)imseiH than) the yong knyght did. At ):e last^ lordis of the 
empire had grete envy of his wisdom), and thei seid to ])e empcroui', 
** lord, whe^ the sone of Porphirie, ^t yevith so wise Counseili, 
haue not ye wisdom of his old fader Porphirie 1 sothely, we trowith 
^t he hath aH of his fadir, & J^at he holdith him in ]>e empire in 

> leaf 158, ooV 1. 


"previte, })oiig!l he ascendid in to Ship ; And if hit be foundeD) so, he 
were worth! a foule deth." *^ Hold yon stiH/' quod^ the Emp^roure ; 
" I trow to come to soth of this mater wele ynow." Anon he let 
calle the sone of porphirie. When he was come, the empe?'ourd 
seid to him, ^'I comtnaund the, vpoD) peyne of thi lif, that |»on 
bryng me thre thynge« to-morowe, that is to sey, thi best frend that 
pOM haste in the worlds ; Thi moste comfort ; and thi moste enemy." 
** sir, hit shalbe do," quod he. he yede home to fe castel, but he 
wist not how he myght hane suche thre. He yede to his fadir, as 
he was wonte to do, Tfhen he had any grete CounseiH to do, and he 
askid CounseiH in this mater." **A\" qitod pe fwdai, '* aH J)is is for 
me, for to know whethir ^oa holdist me or noo ; but take with the 
thi hound, thi litel Sone^ and thi wif* ; Sc ^on shalt make aatisfac^ 
eioii) to ^ wifi of the emparouxe." & so the ^knyght did ; he toke 
tho thre, The Hound, the Child, and his wife; & yede to the em- 
perours. ]?o seid the Emperoure, " Hast ]K)u ydo as I commaundid 
the t " '' Yee, sir," seid the knyght, " For, ser, the best frend ])at I 
haue in this world is my hounde; & )iis is my cause and my 
reason), For he wott neuer faile me ne forsake me, in wele ne in wo > 
and though I bete him as sore as I can, yit if* I profre him brede, or 
any ohere do to him, he wol come to me ayene with good chere ; and 
aii nyght he wdft rest by my bed, and kepe me and my hous, jMit no 
man grove vs ; & ofte tymes I shuld haue be robbid & yslayn), ne 
had my hound ybe. And, sir, here is my sone, my moste comfort ; 
& ]>is is my skile. For when I am in moste anger or tribulacion), |}6z* 
is no iogoloure ^at can make me so fast lawe, as woH my sone ; Fof 
he wott with Mb pzaty wordis & pleys make me foryete my anger, 
^ougb I wei^ as hote as fire. Also, ser, here I haue biou^t my 
moste enemy, my wi^ ; For grete labouz' & thought I haue iii diuerd 
eontres & places for hir sustentacion), as wele as for me & for my 
ehQdryii), Ss yit she is euermore contrary to my wifi, & so is non but 
she." When the wif^ herd this, she cried, and seid with a vois, as 
hit bad be an home, " ! wrecohe, depist ]>ou me thi most enemy f 
Sir Emperottw, I pray you," she said, " here me, what I shid sey. 
this man)) that is here present, susteyne]) in thi empire his sirei 

> leaf 158, ool. 2. 


djetis yotu' lawe ; and in his hous be bath duellid sith the tyme that 
he "WBS woitbi to be pat oute." And when she had put onto her 
yenemons hert in this manure, then seid the knyght, " lo ! ser," he 
aeidy '' what I told yon ; is she not my enemy, ]>at accusith me so 
hilyl wbeifore I mygbt be ded^ but if* youi* grace oxdeined othir 
weys for me." then the emperour seid, ** Ne were thi wi^, I myght 
not haue know fe soth, and ]>arfoie ^ou shalt lede thi lif* wtt^ thi 
enemy. Go thi wey ; I woH not dampne the, and as long as ])0u 
levist, Busteyne thi Fadirl" thenne the knyght yeld thonkyng to 
tiie tmpepowte, and yede home, and feiie ende made. 


Deie Frendis, this empdroui* is the deviH, ^at makith lawe among 
synneis, scil, fat eche knyght, aftir that he hath passid tyme 
of Axmys, bcU, that eche good man) }a,t truly hatti levid, and kept 
him, & aervid god in aM the tyme of his yongith, ])at he then in his 
elde be put a-bak fro ^e kyngdome of beveii), by the vice of Govetice. 
For that vioe is more redy to an old man) ))an to a yong, as we mowe 
se alday ; and ^eriore seith Seneca, Cum omnia j^eeeata seTieseuntf 
tola 6upidUas iuveneseUf This is to sey. When iJ} vices wexith ^d, 
oonly GoretiBe ^wexith yong, ])at is to sey, in an old man. The knyght, 
^t susteyneth his Fader, is eoerj good Gristen) man), l^al is ybound 
to susteyne in the hous of his hert, by meritory werke^, oure Lord 
JiuBea Crist, ye which heng for vs vpon) }e cros ; buH many puttith 
him oute by synne. ))e hounde, |»at is pe moste frende, is the tong 
of a good Gristei]) man), ^e which pndeth continuelly, like a berkyng 
hound : wherof seith holy Writ, Breuis oraciOy MsiL iitstiy penetrai 
edum^ ^t is to sey, A short orison) of the riglltwis maid or of the 
iost man) thirlith or perissheth heuen). By the lit^ Ghild ])at 
pleiet&i So we shulle vndirstond a clene soule, y wassh by baptyme ; 
fe which pleieth and hath dileotation) in penaunce, by the 
which a man) getith the loue of god, & pe ioy of heuen), & by the 
which a man is delioered oute of tribulaoion) & of angir; Ynde 
iennymtUy wherofi, as seith Jerom, IT Penitencia est socxmda tabula 
p09t nott/ra^um, ]>at is to sey, Penaunce is ^ secunde table aftir 

' leaf 158, t>ack, ool. 1. 


ShipbrecUe. By the wif* fat accusith the man), is yndiistoiK) the 
flesshe, ^t bryngith many yuels in to a man), & tiseth him to synne ; 
as seith the AppostiH paul, Dattis eat michi stimvlua Camis mee^ 
angelus BathanSy vt me colaphizet, f&t is to sey, there is yoven) to 
me a piyk of my flessh, an aungeli of* ]>e devylle, to turment me ; 
and ])6rfore this flessh is to be chasticed, ])at hit be not founde in 
synne, in tyme of deth, lest hit be founden) ])i enemy. And ]>erfore 
let Ys study for to nonssh oui^ Fadir, and hold oure lord Ihesa 
Crist so within ys, ^at the deviH in fe day of dome haue no |»ing to 
putte forth ayens vs, fai may greve oui' soulis ; and then we shnl 
veriliche trust to come to ^ kyngdom of heuen). To ]>e which he 
Ts bring, qui cum PdXre &c. 



Theodosius regned a wys emperoui^ in the Cite of Eome, & 
myghti he was of power ; the which emperoure had thre dough- 
ters. So hit liked to this emp^oui' to knowe which of* his 
doughters lovid him best ; and tho he seid to the eldest doughter, 
" How moche lovist |»ou me 1 " " Forsoth," " qt/od she, " more ])an I do 
my self"." "Jjarfore," quod he, *fou shalt be hily avaunsed;" & 
maried her to a riche & myghti kyng. Tho he cam to ])e secund, 

[Second Version. Addit MS. 9066, leaf 74.] 

[ LXXIX. ] 


Leyre was some tyme kyng^ of bretayne the more, that now is 
called Englond. this kyng* leyre made the towne of leycetur, 
and called it after his name leycetur. this kyng* had thre 
doughters; the name of the fyrste doughter was GronoryU; the 
seconde was Reg&n) ; the thrid Corddl, that was beste taughte, and 
wiseste. leyre, here fadre, was feble and olde, and wolde marie 
his doughters or he deyod, But fyrste he wolde wete, which loued 
hym moste, shuld be beste mariede. On a day he askid his Eldiste 
doughty, how mych she louyd hyni)? "Sir," she seide, "I loue 
you as mych as myn) owne lyfe." "for sothe," seide the kyng*, 


and seid to her, "dougliter, how moche lovist fou mel" "As 
moche forsoth," she seid, "as I do my self." So fe Emperoure 
marled her to a due. And tho he seid to the thrid doughty, " ho^ 
moche lovist J>ou mel" "Forsoth," q?w?d she, "as moche as ye 
beth worthi, & no more." Tho seid the Empcrour*, "doughter, 
Bith you lovist ^ me no more, thou shalt not be marled so richely as 
])i sustrls beth." And tho he marled her to an erle. Aftir this hit 
happid that the emperom' held bataile ayens the kyng* of* Egipt, 

' leaf 158, back, col. 2. 

[Second Version. Addit MS. 9066.] 

"that is a grete lone; I may no more aske." Then he asked the 
seconde dought^r, how mych she lonyd hym)? she sayde, she louyd 
hym) aboue aH Criatures of the worlda "for sothe," seide leyre, 
" I may no more aske." Than he asked of the yongeste doughty, 
how mych she louyd hym)1 "Sir," she seide, "my systers han) 
seide to you wordes of glosyng*, but I say to you trouthe. I love 
you as mych as I owe to loue my Fadire, and for to make you more 
Certayne how mych loue is worthe, I shaH say you, as mych as ye 
han), so mych are ye worthe, and so mych I loue you." leyre 
wenyd that she had skomed, and was wrothe, and seide, that she 
shuld neuer haue lande of hym); But his othere doughtcrs, that 
mych louyd hym), shuld departe the lande betwene hem), be Euyri) 
porcyons, and she shuld be disheried. And he marled the Eldiste 
doughter to Managles, the kyng* of Scotlonde ; and the tothere to 
Hanemos, Erie of comwaylle ; and the mariage was thus made of the 
tone and of the tothere, tljiat the kyng* of Scottes and the Erie of 
comwayle shuld departe grete bretayne, aftere his dissese, so that^ 
Cordeft, his yongeste dougter, shuld not haue of his. This maydyn) 
Cordeti was so fayre, and so wele taughte, that it was mervayle, so 
that Agape, kyng* of ^Fraunce, herde speke so grete of this maydyn) 
CordeS, that he sente to kyng* leyre, that he wolde gyfe hym here 
to wife, leyre sente worde agayne, that he had departed his lande 
bytwene his ij. Eldiste doughters ; and so he had no more lande, tho 
which he myght marie CordeH, his yongeste doughtcr, w^ith. when) 
Agape herde this answere, he sente agayne to leyre, and seide, he 
asked no thing" with here, but alonly here bodie, and here clothing*. 
And leyre, here fadre, made here wele to be arayed, and Clenly, and 
sente here to the kyng* of Fraunce ; and he loyfully ressayued here, 
and weddld here, with grete worship, and made here queen) of 
Fraunce. The kyng* of Scottes and the Erie of Comwayle, that 
had weddid the' Eldiste doughters of kyng* leyre, wolde not abide 

' that with, MS. « leaf 74, back. * his, MS. 



and the kyng drove the emp^rooi^ oute of the empire, in so moche 
that the Emperoui' had no place to abide ynne ; So he wrote k^res, 
ensealid with his Kyng, to his first doughter, ]>at seid that she 
lovid him more than her self, for to pray her of socouryng in ]>at 
grete nede, bycause he was put oute of* his empire. And when the 
doughter had red thes le^es, she k>l(l hit to pe kyng, her husbond. 
J)o quod the kyng, " it is good ])at we socoui' him in pia nede. I 
shal/' qiiod he, ** gadery an host, & help him in ali pat I can or 
may ; & fat wiH not be do withoute grete costage." " yee," quod 
she, '^ hit wei^ sufficiant if that we wold graunt him v. knyghte^, to 
be in felaship wi't^ him, while he is oute of his empire." & so hit 
was y-do in dede ; and ))e doughter wrote ayen) to the Fader, ]>at 
o\>er help myght he not haue, but y. knyghtes of ))e kjnges to be in 
his felaship, at ]7e coste of the kyng, her husbond. And when the 
Emperouf herd this, he was hevy in his hert, and seid, "Alas! 
alas 1 aH my trust was in her ; for she said she lovid me more than 
her self, and perfoxQ I avaunced her so hye.'' Then he wrote to pQ 
seconde, pat seid she lovid him as moche as her self. And when 
she had herd his letres, she shewid his erand to hir husbond, & 
yaf him in counseiH, that he shuld fynde him mete, & drink^ & 
clothing, honestly as for pe state of such a lord, during tyme of his 
nede; and when pia was graunted, she wrote letiea agein to hir 

[Second Vernon. Addit. MS. 9066.] 

tiH after his dethe for to haue the londe, but werred harde vppoii) 
hym), and putt hym in so grete distresse, that they token) so awayo 
the reawm) ; but on) this wise they ordeyned betwix hem), that the 
toon) of hem) shuld withholde hym) in soiome att his lyfe, with xl, 
knyghtis, and here squyers, that he myght worshipfully go to what 
partie he woldo. Managles, kyng* of scottes, resseyued with hym) 
leyre in the manere afore seide ; and or a yere were passed, GonoreD, 
the wife, and doughter of leyre^ was so anoyed and dissesed of hym) 
and of his meany, that she spake to here housbonde, that x. knyghte^ 
and here squyers shuld be putt from) here feuiire. leyre he come^ 
right heuy, and his meany, ])at that was putt away, and liis state 
apayred, therfore men) hadd hym) in the lesse reuerence ; wherfore 
he thought to go into Comwaylle, for to preve Regan), his of er 
doughter. and when he was Gomyn) to here, the Erie and his 

> become ? 


fadir. the Emperoni' was heyy wM this answere, & seid, ''Sith 
my two dought^rs haae thus yhevic^ me, sothely I shal pieve the 
thrid." And so he wrote to the thrid, fat seid she lovid him as 
moche as he was worthi ; and praied her of socoui^ in his nede, Ss 
told! her ]>e answere of her two sustris. So the thrid doughter, 
when she had considred the myschief* of her Fader, she tolc^ her 

[Second Version. Addit MS. 9066.] 

donghter resseyueci hym with grete solempnite, anc^ helde hym) with 
hem), with his thretty knyght^« and his squyers ; but he had skaraly 
dwelle($ there a yere, but that his doughter was yrke of hym) and of 
his meany, that here housbond and she helde hym) in so grete 
yyolete and represse, that of thretty knyghtes and here squyeres 
they putte hym) vnto oon) alone, than) was leyre more sorowfuH 
than £uer he was before, and seide, *' alas ! that £uer I was borne, 
for now am) I more vile then) Eu^ I was before, yette it had ben) 
heiter to haue dwelled stiH with my fyrste doughty." and [he] 
wente agayne into Scotlonde, to his Eldyste doughter. but wheiD 
the kyng* and his wife sawe ]>at, ^and the myschefe of leyre, they 
ressayued hym), and tokyn) away the knyght, and putt to hym a 
equyere. then was leyre more sorowfutt then) Euar he was be-fore, 
and be-gan) Gretly for to sorowe, and pleyne hym) piteously, and 
seide, " alas ! alas ! I haue leuyd to longe, that it is fallen to me ; 
now am) I pore that was wonte to haue so mekille ', now haue I no 
Erende ne kynne that wil me good. Cordett, my doughter, seide 
me fuH wele, and that I haue now fowndyn) ; for she seide me as 
mych as I had, so mych was I worthe, and so mych louyd shuld I 
be. now wote I wele, that myn othere doughters han) fiatered me ; 
now they take no Force, now be-houys me for nede to go and proffere 
myn) yongeste doughter CordeH, to whame I wolde gyfe no lande ne 
tenemente, for she seide she louyd me als mekiH as ^e ought to loue 
here Fadre." and on this manar [he] pleyned longe. and atte laste 
he wente ouere the see, with his squyere, and Come into Fraunce ; 
and he asked where the queen) shuld be fowndyn), and men) tolde 
hym). He come to the Cite, and sente his squyere to the queen), for 
to saye here, that here Fadre was comyn) for nede, for to gete some 
good and helpe of here. The squyere wente, and tolde in ordre to 
the queen), how his ij. doughters had lefte hyni). CordeH, the queen), 
toke golde and syluer grete plente, and toke it to the squyere, and 
seide to hym) in CownsayH, that he shuld here that Tresoure to here 
Fadre, and that he shuld go to some good towne, and araye hym) 
richely of riaH clothing*, with-holdyng* with hym) xl** knyghtes of 
oone leveraye ; and when) he were redye, he shuld sende vnto f e 

» leaf 76. 


husbond in this fourme, " My worsliipfiitt lord, do socom^ me now 
in this grete nede; my fadir is put oute of* his empire & his 
heritage." J)en spake he, " what were thi wiH I did f erto 1 " " Jjat 
ye gadre a grete oste," quod she, " Ss help him to £ght ayens his 
enemys." " I shal fulfiH thi wiH," seid the erle ; & gaderid a grete 
oste, & yede with the Emperoui' at his owne costage^ to the bataile, 
and had the victorye, & set the Emp^oui^ ayen) in his heritage, 
and ))en seid the emperoui', *' blessed be the houi^ I gate my yongist 
donghter ! I lovid her lesse fan eny of the othir, & now in my nede 
she hath socourecl me, and ]>e othir haue yfailed me ; and ferfoTe, 
aftir my deth, she shal haue myiD empire." & so hit was ydo in 
dede ; for aftir J^e deth of the emperoui' the yongist doughter regnedf 
in his sted, & ended pesiblye. 

[Second Version. Addit MS. 9066.] 

kyng<, here lorde, that he was comyn) to speke with hym), and! to se 
his donghter. the squyere commaundid the queen) to god, and 
come to leyre, his lorde, and toke to hym his tresoure, and seide his 
message, wherfore lejrre wente ferre thense to anothere Cite, and 
did after the ordynaunce of his doughter ; and afterward he come 
to fe kyng<, there he soioMmed with his wife, leyre sente to the 
kyng* of Fraunce, and tolde Cordett, his doughter, that he was 
comyn) into Fraunce, for to speke with hem), when the kyng* 
herde this, he comTnaundid att his men) to take here horse ; and the 
queeu) also comTnaundid ^ here men) to take here horse ; and ali 
tiiey ridden) to-gedre. The kyng* and the queen) .Come with a grete 
worship agayne hym), and ressayued hym) with grete nobley. The 
kyng* commaundid throw aH his reawme, that 2JA shuld be intend- 
au/ite to kyng* leyre, the Fadre of his wife, as to hym) self*. When) 
leyre had dwelled ^ there with the kyng' of fraunce a monethe, he 
tolde the kyng* and the queen how his ij. doughters had serued 
hym). wherfore kyng* Agape assembled a grete powere of folke, 
and sente hem with leyre in to bretayne; and CordeH, his 
doughfer. Come with hym, for to haue the londe after here fadre. 
and they passed the see, and foughtyn) with the felouns, and slowen 
hem) ; and leyre toke agayne his londe, and leuyd after iij. yere in 
pease ; and afterwarde he died, and CordeH, his doughter, did hym 
be beried at leycetwr. and after the dethe of here fadre, CordeH 
helde the lande of Bretayne. 

> leaf 76, back. 



^[D] ere Frendis, this Emp^roui' may be callidf ecb worldly man), 
the which hath thre donght^rs. The first doughter ))at seith, 
" I loue my fadir more fan my self"," is fe worlde, whom a man lovith 
so wele, ]>at he expendith ^ his lif* aboute hit ; bat what tyme he 
shalbe in nede of* dethe, scarsly if ))e world! woii for aH his love 
yeye him five knyght^, Bcih v. bordis, for a cofre to ley his body 
ynne, in f e sepulcre. The seconde donghtar, J^at lovith her fader as 
moche as her self*, is \\ wif*, or thi childryii), or thi kyn), ]>e whiche 
wofi happely fynde the in tht nede, to the tyme J^at ^on be put in the 
erthe. And the thrid doughter, ))at lovith the as moche as )K)a ait 
worthi, is oui^ lord god, whom we lovith to liteH ; But if* we come 
to him in tyme of oure nede wtt^ a clone hert and mynde, wit^oute 
doute we shuH haue help of> him ayens the kyng of egipt, sct7. \q 
devil ; and he shal sette vs in oure heritage, sciZ. ])e kyngdome of 
heven). Ad quod nos &e, 

[ XVI. ] 

(of three knights who WEBB SENT TO BEOOVEB A OASTLE.) 

Ancelmus was a wise emperoui^ regnyng in the cite of Borne ; 
the which edified in the ende of his empire a passing fail' 
CasteH & sette J^ere a Stiward, commaundyng to him, vp-peyne 

I leaf 159, ool. 1. 

{Second Version. AddU. MS. 9066.] 

Here may men) se what fayre flaterynge wordes done, that vn- 
trewly fullfillen) the be-heste that^ they make; and here also mony 
men) may here, what comys to hem) that sayen) the truthe, as Cordett 
did ; For it is written), they tliat glosen) the, and praysen) the, dys- 
seyuen) the, and they that tellen) the be truthe and the sothe, they 
louen) the, and are thy good Frendes, ^c. 

[ V. leaf 11. ] 

ANcelyne reigned in the Citee of Eome, a f uH wise man, that in the 
endesof his Empire made aCasteft, and ordeyned there a Steward, 
Biddyng hym, vpon^ payii) of dethe, to kepe wele the Castell. 

> that that, MS. ' od, C. 


of det&y for to kepe wele fat castett. And this Stiward kept wele this 
casteH during long tyme, but at ))e last he was traitoui^ to fe emperour^, 
& loste the castelL And when the Emparoure herd this, he was hily 
meved in aH his bowels, & geit make a grete counseiH, how fat he 
myght best gete this castefi oute of* the hondis of his enemys. So 
there ros vp a knyght, and said, fere were thre weys for to gete hit^ 
Bcil. J)e wey of strength ; fe wey of wisdom) ; and the wey of love. 
"& suche iy. knyghte* fere beth now in youi* Empire; fe first 
knyght is strengist of any fat is in any place, and he berith a 
Bcochon) of gold, witfi a lion) in fe myddeH ; the second is wys, and 
berith a scochou) wit^ a pecok ; & fe thrid knyght is amorous & 
lovyng, and lovith you more fan may be trowid, and he berith a 
golden) scochon), with a white dove. And, sar, by my counseiH, thes 
thre are to wynne the casteH to you ayen) ; and feriove sendith for 
hem, for if strength be not worth, wisdom shalbe worth, and if* 
wysdom may not do hit, love shalle gete fe victory," The emperouf 
liked welle this counseiil, and let send aftir hem, and seid to hem, 
" Dere f rendis, of you thre I haue herd spoke moche good, ye know 

[Second Version. Addit. MS. 9066.] 

The Stewarde kept it wele a litefi while, and after that,^ agayn)^ the 
Emperours wille he lost the CasteH. IT The Emperour^ whan he had^ 
herd that, he was right wrothe ; and called to hym his counsaile, 
and treted therof, how and in^ what way he myglit gete the castett 
oute of his enemyes handes. IT There a-rose a knyght, and said, '' Sir, 
there are iij. waLes, that is, the way of wisedom), the^ way of 
strengthe, and the way of love. So it is now, that in thi Empire are 
iij. knyghtes; IT *The first knyght is the strengest man of youi' Empire, 
and* herein a golden) sheld, with a lyon) ; IT The Second knyght is 
wisedome, and bereth a silvei' sheld, with a pecok* ; IT The thirde kayght 
is^ wondir amerous,® and loveth* you passyng wele, and he^® bere& a 
golden) sheld, witfi a white dove. IF Sir,i^ by my counsaile, send after ^* 
thise iij. knyghtes to recover ^^ the castett ; and yf it be so that ^the 
strengest ^^ may not 'gete it,^^ wisedome shi^ ; and yf wisedome may 
not, love shatt wynne it." IT The Emperour, whan he had^* herd 
this, it pleased hym wele ; and called to hym thise iij. knyghtes, and 
said, "Erendes, we^^ have herd of you grete praisynges,^® and it is 

' Om, ' agayDB. ' Om. * by. ' and the. 

' strengest of men ; and one. ^ is right a. ' amerous passingly. 

• loues. ** Om. " Om. » Otn, " regcu. " strenght. 

^* Om, " a»t. »^ L " praysyng. 


wele how ^at my casteti is lost, therfore to recouere hit ayen) I send 
you thre ; for the first of you is a strong warioui', the second a grete 
jever of counseiH, the thrid is a subtiH sercher in love. Goth to 
dyner, and I shal geve you a competent mede." ^ When f e knyghtis 
herd this, thei armed hem strongly, and yede her wey. When) thei 
had riden) the space of iij. daies, thei come to a forest ; and as thei 
shuld haue entrid in to the forest, a nyghtingale sat vpon) a tre, Ss 
made a passing swete sonet-song. At fe last, oon of the knyghtis 
spak to his felawis, and seid, " Sirs, I vndirstond the song of this 
hrid ; the which is not eUis hut a shewyng to vs that thei' hen thefes 
in ^is forest, Ss yat in grete plentith ; the which haue I-herd telle 
that we come for to rekeu&re the castett, & here thei purpose for to 
kille vs." then seid ye strong knyght, "I was for my strength 
sent hider, & yeriore with my strength I shal defende me." Then 
spake ye wise knyght, '' & as yon wilt defende ye by thi strength, so 
shal I me by my wisdom." Then spak the thrid, '' I am neiyer strong 
ne wys, as ye beth, and yerioie god help me !" Whenne yia was 

' leaf 159, col 2. 

[Second Version. Addit. MS. 9066.] 

knowen to you of the^ foresaid casteti, that is lost ; Therfore I sende 
you ig. to wynne agayn) the Casteti out of the handes of myii) 
enemyes, by cause the first of you is a stronge werrioui', The second 
best counseiloui', and the thirde the^ sotelest enserchour. IT Gothe 
therfoi' to fight, and I shati yeld to you worthi mede." The 
knyghtes, whan they herd^ this, thei armecl hem, and toke her way 
to go ; and so thei ridden)^ iij. daies, tille thei come to a forest ; and 
as they entred the forest, 'there was* a Nyghtyngale sange passyng* 
swetly vpon^ a tree. IT Than said wisedome the knyght to his felawes, 
*' hereth 'me, for I* vndirstond right wele the ^Nyghtyngale songe^ is 
not els but she^^ sheweth to vs, that in the forest are theves ^^many, 
that have herd of oure comyng, for to recover* the casteti, and thei 
purpose for 12 to sle^^ vs." IT Than said the stronge knyght, " for my 
strengthe I am hedir sent ; therfore here^* I shaE defende you by my 
strengthe." Tho^* said the wise knyght to his felawes, " and as thou 
wilte defende vs by thi^' strengthe, Eight so I shati defende you by 
my wisedome." Than said the thirde knyght, " I am not stronge, 
ne wise, as ye are ; god be my helper ! " fl Whan thei hadde thus 

* this. » Om. » had herd. * ryde. ' Om, • fulle. ^ on. 

• Om. • nyghtyngalys song ; her song. " Om. " leaf 11, back. 

" Om. " destroy. " Om. " than. " Om. 


seid, thei entrid in to ]7e forest, and pei met with her aduersaries. 
So the strong knyght began) to defende him, & to fight manfully ; 
but atte ]>e last pere came an arowe, & smote him at ]>e stomak, & 
he feH dous) ded. Whenne ))e wise man saw ]>at, he gan) to alegge 
resons, & to putte forthe wise wordis ; but thei* yeve not grete 
heryng to his resons, but at ])e last oon smote him to ])e hert, and 
slow him. then the thrid knyght seyng this, he shet an arowe to 
f e maiater of the thevis, & he was ded Jerby ; and when Jat oJ)er 
meyne saw pat her maist^ was ded, thei fied. And ]>e knyght 
pursued forth to fe castett ]>at was lost; and when he come, he 
foimde the yatis open). He entrid, & slow hem that were therin, Ss 
sette vp in a toure the baner of the emperoui^ And when the 
emperour^ herd telle how wisely and strongly pa,t he had ywonne J«3 
casteH, he avaunced the knyght to grete honour^ and richesses ; ]>e 
which bare him and shewid hym to be a doughti body in aH his lyf*, 
and faire ende made. 

[Second Version. Addit MS. 9066.] 

said, anon) thei entre<) the forest, and sone the malefactours mette 
hem. the stronge knyght began myghtily to fight, and for to defende 
hym j^ and a quareH come from an arblast^ and smote hym in the 
stomak*, and slough hym. IT The wise knyght, whan he had? seen 
this,^ than* he began to aUegge resoHS, and shew to hem wisedome ; 
but^ thei 'toke no kepe therof,^ but one smote hym to the hert, and 
he dyed. % That saw the thirde knyght, and sent an arowe to the 
maister theef*, and smote hym thurgh by the myddes ; and so he 
dyed. IT The other theves sawe that, [and fled.'] the knyght 
folowed hem vnto the CasteH that was lost ; and whan he founde the 
yates open, he went in, and aH that were ^ther in^ he slough, and the 
baner of the Emptfrour^ he sette above an high, in the towre. IF Whan 
the Emperour* herd this,^ that the knyght had thus^® myghtily and 
wisely recovered ^^ the casteti, he promoted hym to grete richesse ; 
the which aH his lyf* aftir Visely and^* myghtily governed s£ that 
he hady and so ended his lyf* in pease. 

' hem. ' arowblast. ' thai * Om, ' Oni. 

' gaf no grete heryng to his resons. ^ Supplied from 0, 

• ther. * Om. »« so. " recurid, »• Om. 



DEre Frendis, this Emparoui^ is ouie lord Iheau Crist ; the casteH 
is paradys, the Stiwaid is Adam, ouf first fadir, f&t lost the 
castett of paradjs. pe i\j. knyghte^, of whom oon was strong, 
anajfer wys, & )>e thrid amerous, beth the thre kyndis of> men, to ])e 
which god hath commaundid to recouere ayen) Paradys, that Adam 
lost. By ]7e strong ^knyght we moste vndirstonde ]>e myghty men of> 
this world ; fe which berith a scochon) ouergilt, — ^how so 1 For oute< 
ward thei shyne by hye power, and wMynne [stynkene.] — And 
how bere thei a lyon) in the myddis 1 For the lion) is kyng of* ali 
bestis, & aR men dredith him. And so hit is by thes myghti men), 
for thei be ouer simple men, & over pouere men), & hem thei spoilen) 
and robben) ; but then anon), when thei come7» in to the forest, and 
an arowe is shot ayens hem, of pride or lechery, sothly thei bowith 
ferto, and anon ben) ded w^t^ the stroke. And ferfore Holy Writ 
seith thus, IT Die vhi sunt poterdes, qui quondam regnabant, qui cum 
canibna ^ auihm ludebant, comederunt ^ biberuntf mortui sunt^ 
^ ad infema descenderurU^ This is to sey, Whei* beth thei thes 
myghty men), fot som tyme pleid wiih houndis and hawkis, Ss so 

' leaf 159, back, ool. 1. 

[Second Versim. Addit. MS. 9066.] 

Deolairacio. Frendes, this Emperoui^ is oure lorde Them crist ; 
The CasteH is paradise ; The Steward is Adam, the first man, that 
lost the Castett of Paradise. The i\j. knyghtes, one stronge, an- 
other wise, the third amorous, are iij. manor of men, the whiche that 
god wille that thei werken) and labour' somwhat, for to recover and 
Wynne paradise. IT By the stronge knyght we shall vndirstond 
myghty men of this world, that beren) a golden) sheld, that is, shynyng 
with out; So shyne they with out, and stynken) with in. thei 
bere a lyon) in the myddes of her sheld ; and wele they may bere 
a lyon), for a lyon) is kyng of bestes, and aH bestes drede the lyon). 
IT So thise myghty men wolle be above poore men and symple, and 
spoyle hem, and robbe hem, for suche are in the forest of this 
world. IT Whan the arowe of pride or of lechery come to hem, anon) 
thei enclyne to hem; and therfore speketh holy scripture ayenst 
myghty men on ^ this wise, IF Say now, where are grete men, that 
somtyme reigned, the whiche plaied withe houndes and Briddes ) they 

* leaf 12. 


muiily ete & drunke f tliei betbi ded^ and descendid doii) to belle. 
The brid, ^at sang so murely in the top of the tre, is ))i conscience ; 
the which tellith eucrinore what is to be chosen), & what is to be 
refusic^ ; and ferioiQ seith the ApostiH, Omne quod fit contra con- 
scieneiam, edifioat ad gehennam ^c vt swpnk. The thef es, ^at beth 
in J)e forest, beth pride of lyf", wronge covetise of y3en), & wrong 
covetise of Flessh. The auctour of pride is ]^e devyH ; The auctot^r 
of covetise of yjen) is ^e world ; The auctoi^r of covetise of Flesshe 
is man self, for thou norisshest & levist dilicatly. By the wise 
knyght beth moste vndirstond men of holy Chirche^ Justices & Ingis, 
Erlis, and o))ere. Thes men berith the scochon) of Siluer, — ^how so 9 
For thei makith to hem a feii^ tong as Siluer, and hit is of hem as 
hit is of a man) that lokith in a mirroui'; For as long as a man 
lokith in a myrroui^, as long is \q ymage of him in his sight, bat as 
sone as ])e visage is fro the myrrooi^, as sone ^e sight of ]>e ymage 
goth awey. so by hem y For als long as ]>e pouere man hath a good 
purs, as long thei woH help, but as sone as ])e purs faileth, ]>ei fleeth, 
and wol not be yhad. And )>6rf ore seith Osee, Non est [veritas, non 
esf\ misericord^, non est «cientia dei in terra. Non est Veritas in 
paupenbus, quia p&riurant se cotidie; maluid enim pesriurari quam 

[Second Version. AddU. MS. 9066.] 

eten), and dronken), and went to helle« IT The nyghtyngale that 
songe, is pi conscience, that att way seitil to the what is to chese, and 
what is to fle. And therfore sai^ the Apposteti, AH that is done 
agayn) conscience, edefietil to helle. Extorcioners and theves are 
in the forest of this worlc^. tho are pride, concupiscence of eyen), 
and concupiscence of fles^ Auctoi' of pride is the fend ; auctor of 
concupiscence of eyen) is the world ; and auctor of concupiscence of 
the flessh art thou thi self, that livest delicatly, and norisshest thi 
flessh. ^ By the wise knyght ye shaH vndirstond domesmen of holy 
chirche, and Justices, and Sherefes. thise bere a siluer sheld, that is 
to sey, they shew faire speche as siluer' ; and it is of hem as it is of 
an ymage in a myrroui^ ; but go from the myrroui', and the ymage 
gothe his way. IT Eight so some symple men have the purse open) for 
to yeve hem than thei behold the poore men, but and the purse be 
shitte, they gone her way; ^ Of the which speketh luke. In a tyme they 
beleven, and in a tyme thei gone her way. IT Also the prophete Ysaye 
8eit£, there is no trouthe, there is no Mercy, there is no wisedome of 
god in erthe. there is no trouthe in poore men, for ofte thei for< 


denarios amittere^ Non est misericordta in diuitibus, quia volunt 
habere amerciamenta sup&t pioximos, Non est «cientta in balUuis ^ 
iudidhxiB, qui dehererU eque iudicare, Non est veritae in iudidis 
exequendis, nee nasencoTdia in miseris sidmeniendia, nee sdeniia in 
pericQlia cauendia. Hit is seid here, that fe mercj ne the connyng of 
god is not vsid ^in erth, as he sendith hit ; for ne fere is no soth- 
fastnes among the pou^e people, for eche day thei woH f orswere hem ; 
thei had lever be forswore then lese her money ; pere is no mercy ne 
pite -with the riche, for thei takil£ am^rcymenl^ and pleynt^ Tnrong- 
fully vpon) her neighbours ; Thei' is no connyng with Ingis ne Bailyfs, 
)>at shulc^ deme iustly; thei' is no right Ysid in domys to be 
executedf, ne mercy in wrecchis to be holpyii), ne connyng in perilis 
to be eschewi($. And ]>erfore hit is seic^, Jac. y. Contteraum est 
ivdicmni retrorsum, et ittsticia a lange stetit, this is to sey, Dome is 
tame<) bakward, and rightwisnes stoode afer. such men berith a 
Scochon) yriih a pecok, for the pecok goth like a thef*, and so do thei ; 
thei briingith fore moche ayens pore people, but thei yelde to hem 
right liteH ; and as ])e pecok hath many yjen) in his taiH, & aH beth 
blynde, so hath suche men many wordis, Ss aH beth fals & deceyuable. 
And ^erfore when the arow of penaunce comyth to hem, anon thei 
fallith, for thei tumeth bakward rightwisnes. The iij*'^ knyght, 
p&t slow pe maister of the theves, is eu^ good Gristen) man) J^at 

' agattere, MS. * leaf 169| back, ool 2. 

[Second Version. Addit. MS, 9066.] 

swere hem [rather] than thei wold lese vj. pens ; there is no mercy 
in riche men, for tnei wille have the mersement and the chaffare of 
lesynges ; There is no wisedome in bailies, that oweth to deme evenly, 
Ke there is no trouthe in domes to be gynnen), ne mercy to wrecches 
to be holpeu), ne wisedom) in perett to be eschewed. IT Therefoi* seith 
ysaie the prophete, Truthe is put downe, and rightwisenesse stonde 
aferre. such bereb) the Sheld with a pecok*. the pecok* goti^ like 
a theef* ; right so thei do to symple men, for thei behight mekeli, 
and yeve litett ; also the pecok* hath many eyen) in his taile, and 
att are blynde, and so are thei, for thei spekeii) many faire wordes, 
and aH are false and sclaunderous. IF Therfore, whan the arowe of 
penaunce cometh to hem, anon) thei fallen), for thei peruerten trouthe. 
IF Xhe thirde knyght, that slough the maister theef*. Is a good cristen) 
man, that trustcth not in mannes myght, no in wisedome of the 


trustith not in strength of man, ne in transitory wisdom, but aR in 
J)e grace of god ; and sucne men wt t^oute doute sliuH wynne the 
oasteH of heveii). Ad quod &c. 

[ XVIL ] 

(of a young ENIGHT who slew an old KNIGHT AND UABBIED HIS 


Caclides was a wys emperonre regnyng in the cite of Eome ; in 
Je Empire of" whom thei^ were two knyghtis, oon was old, and 
J)at of ir was yong*. the old man had weddid to wif a yong damyseH, 
and the yong knyght had weddid an old woman); and both thes 
men duellid in oo cite, ny to-gidi^. So hit happid in a certein day, 
that this yong knyght had a grete yje on the yong wif, that was 
y weddid to the old knyght, and was hily ravisshed in to hir love ; 
and )>onght *^ )>at hit had be more conuenient me to haue had this 
yonge woman), and f e o\&r man my wif." And in dede he spak to 
this yong woman), & she grauntid him ; but she was kept, ))at she 
myght not breke oute, to do no trespas. So \\a woman) lokid oute 

\BecKmd Versitm, AddU. M8. 9066.] 

world, that is passyng, but only trusteth in goddes grace; to the 
whiche god brynge vs ! Amen. 

[ VII. leaf 13, back.1 

CIclides reigned in Eome Empcroure, in whos Empire were y. 
knyghtes, one olde, anothei^ yonge. The olde knyght hadde 
wedded a yonge woman,* and the yonge knyght 'had wedded* an 
olde woman ; and thise ij. knyghtes dwelled nere to-gedre. It 'happened 
this* yonge knyght sawe ones the wyf of his felaw, the olde knyght, 
and anon)* he was take • in the love of her, and thought, it were 
more honest that I shuld have such a wyf, 'and my felaw to have 
suche a wyf as I have.® If This yonge knyght spake so to the yonge 
lady, that she consented; but she was kept so streight,*^ that in^ no 
wise thei myght not^ come to-gedre, for to fulfille her wille in feble 
dede. IF It fiUe so,^^ that the lady was wonte ofte sithes to rise, and 

^ mayde, ' Om. ' happed that the. * Om, ^ Om, * Om, 

'' Om. ^ Om, ^ Om. " Om. 


oft tyme at her cbamb^ wyndowe, for to here the swete sosg that 

the yong knyght yaid to syng ; and afore this wyndow stode a f eire 

fygge-tre, vpoii) fe which a nyghtingale vsid to sit & syng; and 

therfore pe yong lady vsid ofte tyme to rise in the nyght to here this 

brid syng. At pe last the old man, her husbond, perceyved hit, and 

seid to hir, " Telle me the cause whi fon risest so ofte fro thi bed.^ 

*' A ! Ber" quod she, " Jere is sittyng in f e tree suche a bricJ, fat 

syngeth swetly, and I arise to here him." & fe knyght arose vp, and 

toke an arowe and a bowe^ and shet at fe brid, & slowe hit ; & drow 

his hert onte, & cast hit to her, & seid, '^ Take fere the hert of* him, 

for whos song f on ros yp so anyght fro me. And )>erfore fro hennys 

forward hold thi bed," When Je yong knyght herd telle how ^that 

he had slawe this brid, he thought, " if* he knew how moche I love 

his wif, he wold do to me as he hath do. to ]>e brid ; but hit shal not 

be so." He armyd him, and entrid in to the hous of* the old knyght, 

and slow him ; & sone after his old wif* died^ and fo he weddid the 

yong wif". 

1 leaf 160, col. 1. 

[Second Version, Addit MS. 9066.] 

go to her chambre wyndow, for to here the yonge knyght, how 
meryly he songe. And before the wyndowe was a Rgge-tree, vpon 
the whiche a Nyghtyngale songe swetely. The lady Vroose on 
nyghtes ^ for to here his songe. The olde knyght, whan he had per- 
seived that, he said to his wyf, " Telle me for what cause thou risest 
so ofte on* nyghtes, out of thi beddel" IT She said, "sii^, there is a 
nyghtyngale, that syngeth every* nyght fulle swetely, and for to 
here his songe I rise out of* my* bedde *a nyghtes."* IF Whan the 
knyght had^ herde ^that, he toke a bowe and an arowe, and slough 
the Nyghtyngale ; and toke out the harte, and gaf* it to his wyf*, and 
said, " Se, *here is his hert® that songe so merely, for whos songe 
thou aroose so ofte ; from hens forward thou shalt rest in thi bedde." 
IT The yonge knyght, whan he herde that the Nyghtyngale was slayn), 
he thought 'in his hert, " and^ he wist how moche I loved his wyf, 
he wold do to me as he did to the Nyghtyngale, but it shsB. not be 
so." IT Than he armed hym, and went^^ into the house of the olde 
knyght, and slough hym ; and^^ anon) after ^* his wyf* died ; and than 
he wedded the olde knyghtes wyf*, and afterward ended his lyf* in 

' roae a-nyghtes. • in. • alle. * the. • at nyght • Om, "^ leaf 14. 
" the hart of hym. ' with in hym selfe, Tf. '^^ entrod. ^^ Om. >' after that* 




Ere frendis, this Emperoure is oure lorde Ih£»u Crist, Fader of 
heven). In his empire beth two knyghte*, — how so 1 Jje.yong 
knyght was moyses, ))at weddid the old wif*, Bcil. ^e old lawe, 
fat was byfore the natiuite of Grist : the old knyght is oui' lord 
Ihe^u Crist, the which is wit^oute begynnyngj and he weddid a 
yong wif*, when he made the new lawe, & f ylid not ))at othir, as is 
seid in the gospett, Non veni aolu&te legem, sed adimplere, I come 
not to lose or vndo ^e lawe, but to fulfil I e hit. but moyses & ^ 
othir profit^ and patriarkes desired for to se this new lawe of Crist, 
and to be weddid ^erwith; but ))ei myght not se hit. The lady 
ros vp ofte tyme for to here the swete song of the bird ; by the lady 
we yndirstond ^e soule, made to fe likkenesse of god, ))e which 
owith to arise fro the bed of synne, and here ^e song of pe word of 
god, and of* holy scriptwre. The fyg-tre, fat stondith afore fe 
wyndowe, is pe Cros of Crist, ])at stondith afore oure y3en): the 
brid, ]>at syngeth so swetly, is pe manhode of Crist, ])e which praied 
his fader for vs on^ the cros ; and fere in psit tre was slayii) by men 

' in, MS. 

[SecoTid Version. Addit MS. 9066.] 

Decla.racio. Frendes, this Emperour is our lord Ihe«u crist, 
in whos Empire, that is, in this world, were two knyghtes, one 
yonge, the other olde. The yonge knyght was Moyses, that wedded 
the olde woman, that is, the olde lawe. If The olde knyght was our 
lord IhesvL crist, that is, god with out begynnyng ; and he wedded 
a yonge maiden), that is, the new lawe that he made, and fowled 
not the other ; wherf ore he said, I come not to breke the lawe, but 
to fuliille it. IF But moyses and all: the prophetes desired for to wedde 
this lawe, that is to sey, crist, and thei sawe hym not. By the lady, 
that arose out of her bedde, we shaH yndirstond the soule formed to 
the symylitude of god, that oweth to a-rise out of the bedde of synne, 
and here the song^ of the holy scripture. IT The figge-tree before the 
wyndowe is the crosse of crist before oure eyen). The nyghtyngale, 
that songe swetely, is the manhede of crist, that on the crosse praied 
to his fadir for synners ; but he was slayn) of mankynd, and suffred 
dethe for our synnes. If Therfore we owe to wedde his wyf, that is, 
his lawe, and love her, and lede a pesible lyf*, by the whiche we mow 

* Boue, MS. 


for ouie synnes. And J^^ore we shuld [wed] his wif, bcU. his lawe, 
& lede l^erwith pesable lyf*, and haue eu^rlastyng lyf>. Ad quam &c. 

[Secmd Version. Addit. MS. 9066.] 

please god, and so purchace vs ever lastyng lyf*; to the whiche 
brynge vs oure lord Ihe«a Crist ! Amen. 

[ XYIIL ] 


Antonius was a wise Emperouf r^nyng in the cite of Borne ; the 
which oideyned for a law, Jat what tyme thei* was any f yre in 
, ]>at cite, thei^ shuld be a bideti y-ordeined for to avaite hit, and 
to make an high proclamacioh) in ye cite, seying, '' 1 there is fire in 
Buche a place in fe cite; hy yon to r3mg your bellis> and fat aH pe yates 
of pQ cite wei^ stekid 1 Hit happid ])at there was oon, ^at thou^t 
for to spoils ye cite, & yer£ore seid to his semauntj, ** Dere Frendis, 
if we set fire in the cite, anon yere shalbe made a cry, and men shal 
arme hem, & ayenstond vs ; anon) the yatis shulbe shit ; and ]>erfore 
I wold we had better connseiH in ))is cas, how y&t we myght reconere 
this cite, wit/ioute crying or makyng of noise." then spake oon, & 
seid, ^* My lord, ye shnl haue good connseiH ; let vs pesibly ^Entre the 
cite, and abide there as by space of i\j. daies ; and let ts cry a feste, 
and we shnl make a drynke of snche a vertne, that euery man that 
drynketh J^^rof* shal slepe anon af tir ; and when thei beth on slepe, 
we shnH haue oure desire, wiihonte shedyng of blode." ^ This is 
good connseiH," quod he. And yerfore this knyght with his meyne 
entrid ye citee ; and thei bedde aH men to feste, & made snche a 
drynke ; and anon) as men dronke on this drynke, thei slept anon). 
And while thei slept, thei entred the cite, and spoiled hit ; and aftir 
that thei set hit on fire, the which brand aH yp ; but aH maner of 
men) were in suche plight, that yere was [none] to crye ; '* fire is in 
the cite ; go ryng youi' bellis, and steke the 3atis I '* 

> leaf 160, col. 2. 



Swete frendiS; this Emperoui' is oure lorde Hie^u Crist ; Je which 
ordeined a lawe, pat as oft tyme as ))e £re of> syime is in thi 
soule, that thou renne swiftly to ]>e belle of confessioii). So that 
fere be at leste, for reson) of the trynyte, thre bellis, scil, fat is to 
sey, contricion), confessioD), and satisfaccion). and aftir shit the 
yatis, that is to sey, thi v. witter, that deth entre not by the yatis. 
The knyght, fat comyth witA his meyne, is fe deviH, the whiche 
goth aboute for to seche whom he may devoure ; and f erfore be ye 
strong in the feitfi, and defend you. his folowers beth the vy. 
dedly synnes ; & he makith a feste as ofte tyme as he puttith forth 
the yanytes of f e worlde to a man). And the erthly mas) hath so 
grete appetit in f e worldly vanytes, fat he slepii^, scil, hath so grete 
dilectacion) in hem^ fat he perceyveth not the periH of his soule. & 
f e worldly diynke is perilous drynke, for if* a man) drynke oonys 
f ereofy he may vnneth be fulcF ; he farith as doth a man) fat hath 
the dropcy, f e more he drynketh, f e more he thristeth. And so hit 
is of worldly goodis, for f e more that a man hath of hem, f e more 
he covetiti^ ; and f erfore such men) take non hede of* this text fat 
folowil^ IT Totus mundua in maligno ponitur, fat is to sey, AH f e 
world is set in wikkednesse. And f erfore if* there be any suche, 
hit were nedeful fat he ronne to f e bellis of confession). But we see 
somtyme fat bellis may not wele be yronge, for thei beth bounde so 
strongly to a tre, fat they may [not] be ymeveA Yn f e same wise 
beth tongis of synners boundyn) by the Deuyfl, fat thei may not be 
yshriven). The Devil doth as doth thefes ; for if thefes here berkyng 
of houndis, thei castith hem brede or fiiessh, & so thei leve berkyng ; 
and so the thef entrith f e hous, and holdith men by the throtis, 
fat thei cry not for help ; & doth oute the fire, vnto f e tyme thei 
haue sped of^ her pray. So f e deviH; castith forth a delectacion) or a 
fought in to a man), and makith him to thenk thus, Ja, I am yong 
ynow, I may aH in tyme Shryve me, ^when I am a liteH elder. And 
so the man rennyth not to confession) ; For if* he do, he takith him 
by the throte, scU. he puttith in him shame, that he shaH not shrive 

* leaf 160, bftok, col. 1. 


him, and with fat the fiie of devocion) is slaked. And ^drfoie, deie 
Frendis, let vs fle fro this thef ^ devel, for we knowith not in what 
hour that thef, bcU. deth, shal come ypon) ys, in age or in yongith ; 
and ferioie let ys eo^r be ledy with the viigynes ^at toke oyle, sa7. 
meritory werkys, and so we mow oome to the blisse aboae. Ad 
quod no8 pGrducat qui viuit ^ regnat &c. 




Andronicus was 'Emperow^ of Bome, & regned thei^ mighty in 
power : and he had with him a knyght, named Temecitis, the 
which was rightwis and good ; Nen^rtheles by enemys he was 
accusecl grevonaly to fe emperovj^, the which myg^t yeve noo sentence 
ayenst him. And when the Emparoui' saw this, he thought how and 
by what manure )>at he myght grive or noy him ; and J^arf ore he clepid 
him to him, and seid, '' Dere Frende, foM shalt answere to certein 
questions, fe which I shal put vnto the, and ^at in peyne of thi lyf .'' 
" Sir," quoa pot othir, '< I shal do afi ])at I can or may." '' Telle 
me how moche is fro heyen) to hellel fia is my first question)." 
" Sir," quod that othir, '' as modi as is a sighing fro the hert." << The 
second I aske, how depe is ^e See ) " '' Sir," quod he, '' as is ^e cast 
of> a stona" " The thrid, how many galons of salte water ben) in 
the See 1 " " Sir," quo6^ he, " let aH ye outepassinge^ of fressh water 
be stoppid, & I shaH t^ the." *^ The ii^\ of what crafte or of what 
myster beth moste men)1" "Sir," quod he, "of leche-crafte." 
*' The V. of whom beth moste and fewist 1 " " Sir," quod he, " of 
popys." Then seid the Emperour*, " The vj.**' shal distroy him ;— 
how many daies ioumey beth in )>e sercle of the world)" then 
spake [he], " oonly the space of oo day." " now, what difference 
is bytwene riche and pouerel" "but rychesse," quod J^at othir, 
Whenne fe emperoui' had herd afi thes wordis, he seid, "])ou 
answeredist to my first question), & saidist, ^at heven) was fro helle 
as moche as is a sighyng fro fe hert ; tett me now how may fai be % " 

GB8TA. 6 


** Bir" quo& he, '' for in tumyng of an yje comyth a syghing fro the 
hert, &f s^y in so liteH space may a good soule passe to hereii), & 
a dampnyd soule to helle." "what is fe depnesse of the Seel" 
^ ser, I sey, the cast of a ston) ; for eche hevy thing natoiely de- 
scendith, & for ]»e stone is hevy and ponderous, ]>erf ore he woH 
discende, and fertore, !£■ I were ^a stou), I shuld discende to pe 
grounde of )>e see, & telle you the soth by probacion)." Then seid' 
}>e emperouf, "what if ^ all ]ra outegoyng of* the fressh water be 
stoppidT' "For if fou did so, then I shuld telle )>e how many 
galons of* salt water [were] in ^e see/^ qtMx) the emperouf , /' ))at 
were impossible me to do." " So were ^t o}er impossible for me/' 
quo& he, "for to mow here." "How of lechecraftl" quod pe 
emperoui'. " For fere is no man," seid ye knyght, " but )>at he is 
somtyme seke, & somtyme medlitb with medicyne^." Then seid he, 
"how of the Pope I" "For god is oon," seid he, "and perfore he 
hath made a ryker." " And also who makith pe daies ioumey, )>at 
pou speke of*) " " Sir," quod he^ " the sonue, pe which goth aboute 
aH pe world in oo daye." " Go thi wey," quod the emperoui^, " for 
thyn) answeris haue ykept the £co deth." 


DEre Frendis, this Emp^roui^ may be callid eche man), ))at aiguytK 
how ]yat he may in the day of dome answere to god. pe first, 
how moche is bytwene good and yuefi t and pat is to pe first question), 
-where as he askith, how moche is bytwene heuen) and helle I & 
pat pou. oughtist to considre in ]d hert^ what pon shalt haue for the 
good, BcU. heuen), and for yyel, bcU. helle; and per£oTe fie yveH, 
& take pe good. How depe the See is ) By pat thou shuldist thenk 
how moche is pe pariH of this worlde, & to fle thilke perils ; for hit 
is hard to go in to the fyre, & not to brenne pe solis of* pi fete. So it 
is hard to go in the world, & not offend god. Also of* what crafte 
is moste t Know pou, that pere beth two man«r of medycyns, pat is 
to sey, material, and sptrt^al; and aH pe chose childryn) of god 
moste vse the spm^eH medicyn), & haue nede of hit, For wtt^ute 

> leaf 160, back, coL S. ' lii,M8. 


hit \er^ is non helth in no creature. Also of> what crafte or of> what 
myster heth moste & fewist % bciL ]»e pope ; for eche man is a pope 
oner him self*, & is yholde to laboui' for his owne helth. Also how 
many daies ioumeyst pia ierme or this dyet, is not ellis bnt the 
terme of thi lyf" ; for if that we lyve^ an c. yere, hit is but an houre 
as to regard of euerlastyng lyf". And perfore let vs make him, fst 
settith such a dyet in rs, to rise vriiJi ys, and lig wtt^ vs ; and lat vs 
traveiH so wele, p&t we moweh) passe oute of* the world as clene as 
we entrid, thurgh meritory werke^. Also difference is bytwene rich 
and pouere, bcU, he [is] riche, J?at hath many vflrtnes, by the which 
he doth plesannce to god ; & he ia pouere, pat lakkith ^yertue. And 
therfore let vs labouf for snche richesses, wherthurgb we mow come 
to ]»e kyngdom of herei]). Ad quod ^e. 


(of the thbbb jealous phybioians.) 

BOnonius was regnyng a wys emp^roni' in the cite of Bome, but in 
ali his tyme he lay as he were seke ; and perfore he sent mes- 
sangers in to dinars contres, for to wete if yere were any lechis 
])at myght hele him, pat he myght be brought ynto him. And at the 
last fere was oon yfounde, callid Au^roys, ^at was sotiii in crafte, 
and a goo^ practiser. When he was brought byfore the emp^roure, 
and saw him, he seid to him, *' Sir, rest you mery, and ioyeth in oure 
lord." And he bad him shew his vryne; and so it was ydon). 
Whenn« he had yseyn) his vryne, he ordeyned a medycyn), and yaf hit 
to the emperoui^, by the which the emp^oure had his hele. And 
the Emp^roure yaf to him many fern' yiftis, and made him to abide 
wit^ him j and there he heled many seke. So there were thre lechis 
in pe cite, fsi had grete indignacioo) and envie of this leche ; and 
fer(oTe thei counseiled to-gidre how thei myght distroy him. " doth 
aftir my counseiil:," seid oon of hem, ''and we shul distroy him 
withoute any hurt, and ^at in this man^. Somday we shul passe 
oute of this cite to visite seke meu) of his cure, and I shal stond in 

> leaf 161, col. 1. 


his wey, and )>at fer from the citee, by the space of a myle. And 
when he comyth to me-wan), I shal lifte vp myn hond, and make 
vpon) me pe signe of the ciosse, and I shal sey, Alias ! alias ! 
maister, what eileth the,- thou art lepre? And oon of you shal stond 
fro me the space of \j. or iij. myle ; and when he comyth to him, he 
shaH afferme my wore), and sey as I sold. And pe thrid of* ys shali 
be thre or four' myle beyonde; and when he seth him nye, he 
shal begynne to go, and make lamentacion),^ and seyn, oute, alas 1 
my maistre is ymade lepre. And when he seth ys aUe accorde in 
oon, he shaH trow in ys, and then for drede he shal bycome lepre ; 
for so a lepre may be made." And then thei seid, this was a good 
counseiH. And aq thei aspied among hem when Au^roys shul<$ ride 
oute of the cite ; and ^is f orseid man) stood oute of the citee, by the 
space of i\j. myle, & made contynaunce as he had be goyng ; the 
seconde was two myle fro hiw, and pe thrid was foure myle. When 
Aueroys was y-come, the first mette wtt^ him, and lift Yp his hond, 
and made the signe of the cros, and seid, '^maister, what eileth 
you 1 " " nought but good," quo& Aueroys, " what, whi seist fan so 1 
what seest J>ou in mel" "Forsoth, I se thou art lepre." "And I 
sey thou liest in thi hed," quo& Aaeroja ; and smote his hors, and 
lode forth. Keuertheles he 'dradde moche of the forseid wore), and 
gretly dullid therwith. Anon aftir an oper mette with him, and 
seid, "Alas! maister, f&t euar I shuld see )>e in such astate.^ 
"Why, man)" quodf he, "what seest pou in me?" then seid ^t 
opere, "thou art a grete lepre." And if he dred afore, he drecl 
moche more after ; neuertheles he rode forth. . And the thrid met 
wtt^ him, and cried with a lowde Yois, " A ! good maister, tume 
ayen), for ])ou art a foule lepre." Then he thought, pB,t hit myght 
not be fals, that thre had so affermedl ; & toke so grete drede, that, 
he becom a foule lepre ', & toke a myrroui', and when he saw him 
self, he wepte bitterly; he Yndirstode not pe malice of his iij. 
enemys. Tho he tumecl ayen) to the Emperouf , and shewid him 
his sikenes ; and pe Emperoui' was hevy therfore, and seid to him, 
"good maister, be not hevy, for as long as )k)u leYist, thou shalt 
haue all thi necessaries of me." Then seid he, " if I had oo thing 

1 lametaoione, MS. * leaf 161, ool. 2. 


'^t I desire, I shuld be deliueiecl of this infimiyte.'* '' Telle me 
what ^t is/' quod J>e Emperoui^. "Sir," qtiod he, "if" I myght 
bathe in blode of goetis, I shuld be hole of this infirmyte.'' then 
^ emperoure, as sone as he myght, let ordein a [vesselle] fuli of 
blode I and he entrid yn anon, & he was hole as he was ywasshe 
and ybathed therin, & he was as^ clene as the flessh of a lit^ 
childe. When the Emp^oni^ saw him, he seid, *' I am moie iocuDd 
^en any man) may trowe, ]?at I se the hole, but, ser, I xn^rveiH )>at 
thou sodeinly smyten) with lepre." " li"ow I pcrceyue wele," 
quo& AuerojB, "]Nit I was not smyten) with lepre naturelly; for 
if hit had be naturelly, forsoth I had not be hole so sone, but I fynde 
in doctrine, that a man may be made lepre thurgh drede. The 
felawis of myne met me in the feld, and by her assent, echou) stond- 
ing in diners places, told me p&t I was smyten) with lepre, and for 
drede Ji^rof I was lepre.'' When the emperoure herd this, and had 
founde by clere probacion) ]?at it was soth, he made hem to be drawe 
to the gybet, atte the tailles of the hors, & so made hem to be 
Aongid. And afi men hily commendid the emperoui^, ]>at he had 
yoren) so iust a dome; and Aueroys duelleth stille wM the 
Emperoui', & feii' endid his lyf . 


GOod men, this Emperoui' is eche good cristeu) mau) ; the which 
ofte tyme is syke thorow synne. Quia nemo sine pecesito viuif, 
For no man may lyve withoute synne ; the which sike mau) sendith 
messangers, acil. praiers, Fastyng, & almesdede, for help of his soule. 
Atte the laste ]>ei fyndeth a wys leche, bcU, a discrete confessoui', 
'afore whom thou must shew water of confession), and yi'yue of con- 
tricion) ; aftir pQ whiche, this discrete confessoui^ hal£ to deme thi 
lyfe^ and to considre the vryne of contriciou), & by pat he moste 
ordeine for medicynys of penaunce. And then fon moste submytte 
the to him, and receiue thi penaunce, and so thou maiste duelle with 
the kyng, wttAouten) ende. Kow, sirs, the i\j. envious lechis, ^t hath 
so grete envy, beth the flessh, the deviti, and the world, the 
whicll stireth a man to do yvett. — ^And what theni forsoth thei 

* a, MS. ' leaf 161, back, col. 1. 

70 XXI. THE QAHB 07 CHS8S. STORY. EARL, 7338. 

spietH when ]yat he passith the cite, acU. whaii) J^at he goth oute of 
pQ commaundement of god ; and then thei metith with him, for to 
cry and eey pat he is a lepie, scU, a synner. for lepre is not callid 
in holy writte but synne, ensample of dyna ; for as long as she was 
in the hous wtt^ iacob her Fader, so long she was ynkaught, but 
when she yede forth, by Sechem^ she was ravisshed & filed. And 
so as long as we beth wiHim the boundis of the commaundement^ 
of god, we beth not in the lepre of synne ; and feriore let ys hold 
vs Within pe com7»aundement3 of* god, pat we beth not smyteo) wtt/t 
lepre. And if hit hap pat we infect, let ys do as did the emp<»*oui' 
wttA Aueroys. The Emperoure made a vesseH to be yfeld with 
blode of gotes ; and so let ys fiH oure herte« wi& good and meritory 
dedis or werkis, and let yb be bathid perin, bcU, be ywassh fro afi 
thoughtis of synne ; and so by the consequest we shuli be clansid. 
And then serche we -within, oure wittes, who hit was pat stired ys to 
synne ; and when we haue yfounde hem, let ys sette hem to the taili 
of an hors, Bcil, fro pe begynnyng of oure lyf* to shew ali pat we 
haue ydo afore to a discrete confessour^, & for to hong oure synnys in 
a gybet, ecil, in wille neuer eft sonys to do synne ; and so we may 
come to eu^lastyng lyf. Ad quam &c. 

[XXI. ] 


(thb moral of thb gahb of chess.) 

ANtonius was a wys empdroui' regnyng in the cite of Rome, the 
which Ysid moche to pley with houndis ; and aftir pat pley, ali 
pe day aftir he wolde Yse pe chesse. So yn a day, as he pleide at pe 
cheese, & byheld the kyng sette yn the pley, som tyme hy and 
som tyme lowe, among aufyns and pownys, he thought perwith pat 
hit wold be so with him, for he shuld dey, and be hid Yndir erth. 
And p6rfore he deYided his Eeame in thre parties ; and he yaf oo part 
to pe kyng of lertMal^m ; pe secunde part Ynto pe lordis of* bis Eeame 
or his empire ; and the thrid partie Ynto the pore people ; & yede 
him self Ynto the holy londe, and thei' he endid his lyf in peas. 

' to eeohen^, MS. 



^^eth now, good sirs; this empdroui', ]?at loyith so wele play, 
1^3 may be called eche worldly man) y&i occupieth him in vanytes 
of the world ; but he moste take kepe of< the pley of* the chesse, as did 
the emperoiue. the chekir or ^ chesse hath yiig. poyntes in eche 
partie. In en^ry pley beth yijj. kyndes of men), soil, man, woman), 
wedewer, wedowis, lewid men)^ clerkef, liche men, and pon^re men), 
at this pley ploieth -vj. meii). the first man), ^t goth afore, hath not 
bat 00 poynt^ but whenne he goth aside, he takith vnoper ; so by a 
poodre man); he hath not, bnt when he comytb to ye detH with 
padence, pen shafi he be a kyng in heneii), wit^ ^e kyng of pore 
men). But if^ he gnicche ayenst his neighboui^ of his stat, and be a 
thef , and ravissh yai whei' he may, |>en he is ytake, and put in to 
the prison) of helle. The secund^ acU, alphyn), renneth i^. poyntes 
both ypwarcl and dounewarcl; [he] bytokenyth wise men), the 
whiche by deceyuable doquence & takyng of money deceyueth, & 
80 he is made oonly. The iij. gcU, pe knyjt, hath iij. poyntes, & 
goth ferwi^; [he] betokenyth gentilmen pit rennyth aboute, & 
ravisshith, and ioyetH for her kynrede, & for habundaunce of 
xichesse. The fourth, wnl. ye rook, he holdith length Ss brede, and 
takith Tp what so is in his way 3 he betokenyth okerera and fake 
merchaunt), ^t rennyth aboute ouer afi, lor wynnyng & lucre, & 
leohitb not how thei geten), so that thai hane hit The fifthe is ye 
queue, that goth fro blak to blak, or fro white to white, and is yset 
beside ye kyng, and is ytake fro the kyng. This queue bytokrayth 
viigyns and damesels, yat goth fro chastite to synne, and beth ytake 
by the deyifi, for gloyis or such man^ yiftis. The yj. is to whom 
aH owe to obey and mynystre; and he goth forth, and bakwarcl 
ayen), & in either side, & takith ouer att j so sone^ discendilh in to 
ye world, and ascendith to god by piaiers; But when he takith 
[no] kepe of god, and hath no meyne, ]?an' is hit to ^ man chek- 
mate. And ^erfore let 78 not charge of oure estatia, no more )>an is 
wtt^ ye men), when yei be put vp in )w poket; then hit is no 
charge who be above or who be byneth ; and so by the Spirit of* 

' leaf 161, back, col. 2. * some! S&e NaUu. \ that, MS. 


loulynesse we may come to fe ioy of heveii). And ]>at graimt yb, 
qui vuiU &0. 


(of the three false witnesses and how they WEBB DETECTED.) 

ANdronicus was a wise Emperoure regnying in the cite of Eome ; 
yn the empire of whom wei^ twey men), named Piiius and 
Plebeius. And this Pirius hadde a certein Porcion) of londe, beside ])e 
londe of Plebeius, ^the which lend plebeius^ gretly desired ; and he 
cam ofte to pirius, and praied him to selle him ]»at porcion) of lond, 
' ^at lay so ny to his, and bad him aske f erf ore what he wold, and he 
shuld haue hit. '* JN'ay, god forbede," quod Pirius, '' ]yat I shuld 
selle the heritage of my fader ; and perfoie I swere by the helth of* 
oui* emperoui*, I woH not do hit by no wey." When Plebeius* 
herd this, he went home ayen) with grete confusion); neuertheles 
fro day to day he excited him to selle pat londe, but he myght not 
spede, by no way. Hit happid pa,t Pirius fel seke ; and he clepid 
to him his eldest sone, and eeid, " sons, I wame the ypon) my . 
blessing, ]kzt pon selle not fe lond neifer the heritage of thi eldris ; 
for plebeius* hily couetith hit, but he trayeileth aH in yeyn)." 
And f Pirius* tumede to J>e walle, and deide. When Plebeius* herd 
this, he hired thre fals witnesses, and brought hem ])ider with him, 
withe a fals chartre in his honde, to pe hous of* the dede man) ; and 
pere he putte a seal in the hond of< the dede maiD, & seid to ]>e 
witnesses, "loo I now, sers, for ye shul bore witnesse how pis 
knyght shal seal my chartre with his owne hondis; perfore beth 
my witnesses, as I accorded with you." " yis, ser," qi/od thei, " we 
shul be redy to stond in lyf* and deth." tho anon he toke the 
thome of the dede man), and made him to seal hit with a fals seal ; 
and whenne pot was ydo, the knyght seid to his witnesses, " lo 1 
86rs, now may ye saufly say, pat ye saw this knyght seal hit with his 
owen) hondis.'' so when) hit was ysealid, thei shewid pe chartre, Ss 
toke seising in the londe. When the sone of Pirius herde thes 
wordis, he seid to him, "A! ser, whi occupiest pOTi my londe 1"; 

Meaf 162, ooL 1. ' Plebias, MS. ' Prius, US, 


And he answeitl, and seid to him, '' Forsoth Jm londe is myn) ; thy 
fader sole} hit to me, and sealid hit yriih his owne hondis, hyf oie 
witnessea" And )>e witnesses were redy, and seid, '^ We beth wit- 
nesse in this cas." Thenne ]ra sone of* the dede man) had grete mer- 
veiii, & seid, ^' Wei I wote, ^at ]M)a speke oft to my fader \eroif 
and he wol<l not assente to the ; and also afore his dethe, my f adir 
chargid me, vpon) his blessing, )>at I shuld neoer selle the heritage of 
my FadiQS." '' Ye," qtMxl the knyght, '' put forth thi right, for I 
haue jnow to shew for me. I telle )>e plainly, this lond shalt ])on 
neuer hane, as long as I lyre/' The Sone of the ded knyght yede 
to the empdroui', and praied him to do right in ])at cas ; and then 
the rightwis Emp^roux^ reprerecl Plebeius,^ ])e knyght^ herfore. 
''Sir," qiMM) Plebeins,^ ''he sold to me ])at lond, and asselid a 
ohartre ^fero% afore i\j. witnesses, with his owen) hondis." Then seid 
]>emp6roui', " I commannde, )>at thou bring thi witnesses afore me 
such a day;" ^& he seid ]»at hit shuld be don). & in a certein day 
he brot^t forth his witnesses afore the Emperom' ; & when the em- 
paroni' saw hem, he commaunded ])at two of ]»em shnld be departid 
fro the o\er ; and so it was ydon). & ])e first of hem come at his 
callyng, and the emp^roux^ seid to him, " Frend myn), canst ])oa sey 
here to me thi pater-no^to % " " ye, s^," said he, " & ])at long tyme 
si<&" "I trow hit not," quod themp^roure, "but if Jwit I here 
}>e sey afore me." And |>6n that othir began to sey his pater^nos^^ 
fro the begynnyng to |>6 ending, "wele," quod the emp^roure, 
*'now know y wele, ]»au canst thi patei^no^fer perfitly." ]>en he 
called oon of his meyne, and seid, ^ put ]»is man in an hous by him 
self*, & lok the dore afbir you, and bring to me the secund witnesse ; " 
and so hit was ydon) in dede, as Jmmp^roure commaundid. When 
]»e secund witnesse was ybroug^t f orl^' ^e emp^roui' seid to him, 
'' dere Frend, sey me soth touching this chartre ; for but if^ ])0U sey 
soth, as ]?i felaw dede^ ywis \(pi shalt be hongid ^is day." then 
thought he, " I wote wele my felaw hath told the bare sotb of the 
deceyt of this chartre, and but I sey soth also, I am but ded." He 
began to telle all ])e processe, & told eu^ry dele, how ]>e chartre was 
aaselid falsly by the thome of the dede man). \>o seid the emperoui* 

> Plebiua, MS. * leaf 162, col. 2. 


to oon of his Bemaunt^, '' Put fia man) in to the hous, pere as he was, 
& lok ^e doie vpon) him, and bring to me ])e thrid witnesse ; " and so 
hit was ydo in dede. And when he was comen), the Emperoui' seid 
to him, '' Telle me pe soth of this chartre, for I suppose the first 
witnesse told the soth, and ^e secund accordid wele to him j and 
petioiey frend, but if pou. sey soth wit^. hem, els fon shalt be ded ^is 
day." J)en thought he> ** I se wele now by the wordis of the em- 
-peron^, )>at my felawis haue I-tol<l to him the right, and but I accorde 
with hem, I shal be ded." And anon he bygan) pe pn^cesse, as hit 
was in dede, and accorded with the secunde. When the Emperoui^ 
had herd this, he callid to him the knyght, and seid, " A 1 wrecche, 
wrecche, fovL shalt eu^more lyve in wrechidnesse, for pou dedist 
this falshode to haue the lond of the knyght, and occupy hit ; pou 
madist pe chartre to be asselid with the thom of the dede mau)." 
And ^en the knyght asked marcy. Then seid pe emperoui', " ))ou 
shalte haue mercy, as thou haste deserued ; " and clepid his Bemaunt^ 
and cacchepolis, and commaundid hem that thei shuld blowe trompes, 
^and bynd pe knyght and his witnessis to the Tallies of hors, and 
after pa,t hong hem on a gybet. And so hit was don) in dede, as pQ 
emperoui' commaundid ; and aH men commanded the emperoui^ for 
his wys & discrete serching in this cas, & for due punysshing. 


[G] od Frendis, this Empef *oui^ is oure lord ihe«u Crist ; by thes two 
knyghtetf beth yndirstond a good Gristen) man), and the deviH. 
pe good cristen) man hath londe, scU, a soule, pe which the deviH 
euer coveiteth, but )>e good Cristei]) man) stondith ayeu), and woH not 
assent perto. Then the devitt aspying this, he abideth tili he dey, 
by doyng of dedly syn) ; and then he takith to him thre witnesses, 
scU. pryde of lyf«, wrong covetise of yen), and wrong covetise of 
flessh ; and then he takith the thome, eeU, the werke^ of the dede 
mau); for no man may lyve wit^oute cryme, and as hit is ysaid, 
seven) sithes in pQ day fallith pe rightwise man) ; & he sealith pe 
chartre^ when he makith'a mail) to do synne, and so he alleggith in 

^ leaf 162, back, col. U 


^e sig^t of god, p&t pe soule is his. But ]?en the Emperouie, bcU, 
cure lord ihe^u Crist, makith )>e hert of fe synner, & ]>e witnessis, 
8ce7. pride of lyf, wrong couetise of flessh, and wrong covetiBe of 
yen), to he examyned hy a discrete conf essoin', how pat he felle in to 
synnes ; For certein, by suggestion) of the deviH, pat is auctour of* 
1^ yvels, man is draws witA hem w/t^uten) ende, and hongid in the 
peynes of helle. And Jy^rfore let vs besy to amend oure lyf<, and to 
duelle in good werke«^ that we may come to euerlastyng gladnes. 

[ xxin. ] 



IOvinianns [was] regnyng a wys Emperonf in the cite of Eome ; 
and he was riche in possessions. Hit happid ]>at he thought in 
a nyght^ as he lay in his bed, whethir pere be any god withoute me ? 
And when he aros, he callid his knyghtis & Squiers, and seid, " sers, 
loke ye be redy, for I woB. go hunte to day." Anon thei yede to 
hunte ; and as j^emperoui' rode by the wey, pere toke him a grete 
hete, and pat so strongly, pat him thought he was ny ded, but he 
may haue refresshing of water. And anon pere ros a clowde, so derk 
and so thik, pat hit hundrid, & hit assundrid, & departid him fro 

[Second version. Addit MS. 9066.] 

'ouinianus reigned in the Cite of ^ Rome, that was a riche man in 
temporaltees, and in' possessions. IT On a nyght as he lay in his 
bedde, he thought in his hert, and saide, '' Whethei' ther be any 
other ^ god but I)'' and atte morow, whan he Vroose out^ of his 
bedde, he called to hym his knyghtes and his Squyers, and said 
to hem, IF *'Frendee, bethe* toniay redy, for I wille' go hunte.'' 
*And whan thei had dyned, thei wente to hunte.^ And as the Emp^roui' 
rode by the way, he caught^ a grete hete ; the hete was so grete, that 
he thought that^^ he shuld dye, but yf he had refresshyng of watir. 
But anon aroose^^ a blak**' clovde, so derke and thikke, that it de- 
parted hym from 2JA his folks \ *and than^' he loked before hym, and 

' leaf 5 (new pagination). ' Om, MS. Camhr. * Om. * Om. 

• lyMw • be ye. ' yrole pasHm. • Om, • toke. " Om^ 

" roee. " grete blaka " Om, 

76 XXin. JOVINIAN THB FBOUD. 8T0BT. HAUL. 7833, & ADDIT, 0066. 

aH ]>e people. So as he rode by him self*, he saw a water afore 
him ; & he smote the hors yritfi his spons, and yede in to ])e water, 
and fere did of ali his clothing, and kehd him in pe water. And as 
he was In the water, ]^ere oome a man in his oweo) lyknesse, hut he 
saw him not ; ^and he toke the Emperours clothing, and clothid him 
therewith, and lept ypon) the Emp&7X)urs hors, and rode forth to the 
Emperouis men, as he had be emperoure him self; and as 
Emperoui^ he was receiaecl, & tumyd home mt^ hem to pe paleis. 
Aftirward when the Emperoui' had I-bathed ynowe, he yede vp to 
londe, & sought his hors, & his clothing, but aU was goo, so he went 
ahoute nakid. & he cowde see no man). But he wept sore, and 
cried wtt/{ an hye vois, & seid, " Alias ! alias ! what shal I now 
do ! '' and as he cried, he thought in his hert, here ny duellith a 
knyght, ]>e which I avaunsed ; I woU go to him, and telle him my 
cas, & haue clothing of him, & so go home. He yede to the knyghtis 
hous, and knokked atte the yate ; and ]>e porter asked of< him what 
he wold, pen he seid, ^' Let me yn, wit^oute lenger delay, for I am 

> leaf 162, baok, ooL 2. 

[Second Version. AddU. MS. 9066.] 

saw a watir. he smote the horse withe the sporres, and come to the- 
watir ; and alighted^ downe of his horse, and did of his clothes, and 
went into the watir, for to refressh* hym of the' hete. IT And whan 
he was in the watir, there come a man in his likenesse, that he saw 
not, and did on his clothes, and went vp on his^ horse, and rode to 
the paleys^ of the Emperour, and there^ was resceived of aU the 
peple *as Emperoui'.' And* the Emperour, that was in the watir, 
whan he was wele coled, he went out of the watir ; IT and^ when he 
come to lend, he founde neither his^^ clothes nor^^ his horse ; and so^' 
naked he loked aboute,^' and saw no man. Than he wept bitterly, 
and said with a gret voice, '* Alias ! alias ! what shall I do ) " 
And while he screwed thus, he saide in his hert ; f ** Here nert- 
hande^^ dwelleth a knyght, that I made a^^ knyght. I shall go to 
him, and shew to^^ hym my disease; and I shidt have clothes of 
hym, and so I shall go home to my paleys/' Than he went to the 
knyghtes house, and knokked atte '^ gate. Whan the porter herd 
the knokkyng, he asked what he woldf he saide, he^^ wold come 

' lightyd. * freashd. ' Om, * the. ' peple. ' Om. 
as the Smperour ; and went to the paleys. ' Om, ' Om. '* the. 
** no. " Om. " alle about " nere hand. " Om. »• Om. 

'^ at the. " I. 


your emperour.'' Then anon the porter openyd the yatis ; and when 
he saw him nake^, he seid to him, '' what art ^u % " " jour em- 
peroui',*' quod he. " thou liest," qtiod the porter, " for J>e emp^rotir 
rode riglit now here hy the yate, wttft a grete multitude with him ; 
and ])erfore ]m>u seist ]Mtt ])ou art Empdroui*, thou shalt appere afore 
my lord.'' And anon the porter brought him byfore the knyght j 
and the Emperoure had good knoulache of the knyg&t. And when 
the knyght had herd )>e wordis of* the porter, he seid to ^emp^rour^y 
'^ ! nbawde, aeist ^ou that ^ou art £mpen>ure % " '' yee, withoute 
doute I am he, ^t avaunced the."' '' I sey foxL liest^ ^ quod the 
knyghty ** and ]»erfore pan shalt sore aby." He made him to be sore 
beted and scourged, tyU ^e blode res) oute, and aftir to be put oute 
at fQ jatis. Then themperour wept sore, & seid, " Alias I for care 
how may this beV tho he thought, "I woH go to an erle here 
beside, ^at was grete of my counseiH, pe which I avaunced; I woH 
to him, and be refresshid of him, & so go home." He knokked at 

[Second Vergim AdtlU. MS. 9066.] 

in anor). and whan the porter saw hym naked, he saide to hym, 
"What art thoul" he said, **youi» lon>, the Empcroui*." The 
Porter saide, '^ thou liest, IT for a UteH before thou' come, the Emper- 
our come here away' withe his meyne ; and thou saidist' that^ thou 
art the Empc»x>ur ; thou shalt come before my lord." Anoh)^ the 
Porter brought hym before his lord ; the Emperour knew wele the 
knyght, but the knyght in^ no wise had knowyng of hym. Than 
said the Porter, "Sir, this rebavde saith that^ he is Emperour.*' 
he said, *' ye,^ so I am, with out doute ; and the I made knyght.** 
IT The knyght said, " thou liest, harlotte, for a liteH before ^the^o the 
Emp^our passed here for^bye ; and for thou saiest, that^^ thou art 
Emperour, thou ahalt not passe vnponysshed." IT Anon he made 
hym be scourged, tille the blood ranne out ; and put hym out of his 
house. ^ "Whan the Emp^our was thus scourged,^^ he wept bitterly, 
and thought with in hym self*, and said, " alias ! alias !^^ what may 
this bet" than he said to hym self*, "Here nere^^ dwelleth an 
Erie, that is my most counseillour, the whiche I have promoted to 
grete dignite, I shaH go to hym, and shew to hym my grete 
mysetye, that I may have of hym some clothes." and so he wente 

' the • Om. ' sayst * On, * And anone. •on. ' Om, 

• Om. • leaf 6, back. " Om. " Om. 

" 1% the MS, two line* are here repeated by careleuneu ef the icfibe, 

'• Om, ** nere' hand* 

78 XZni. JOYINIAN THE PROUD. 8T0RT. EARU 7333, & ADLTT. 0066. 

his jate; and the Porter come ny, and asked what he knokked. 
"Open) the yatis," qt^xl he, "for I that knok am Jemperom*." 
When the porter herd ^at, he opened the yatis, as sone as he myght 
fynd ]>e keys. When he come, and saw him naked, he seid to him, 
" ! rybawde, whi hast ))ou presumyd thi self* for to sey that \om 
were emparour^l The Emperour hath ben) here a liteH afore, and 
hath y-ete with my lord the erle, and is gon) to his paleis, wit£ grete 
mnltitude of< men ; and for ]>at thou callist the Emperoni', )>ou shalt 
come afore my lord, and avow thi pele.'* And when he was y-brought 
to-fore the erle, he knew the Erie wele, but the erle knew not him. 
When the Erie had herd, ]>at he had callid him themperoui-', he bad 
him telle, & sey, what was ]»e cause ^t suche a ribawde as he pre- 
sumyd so hiely in him self* 9 "Forsoth," qtM>d he, "I am them- 
peroui' youi' lord ; and the I avaunced, & made the chief* of coun- 
seiH, & in this tokene, ))at I tretid in ^e last parlement in suche 
mate7*es and erandis." ])e Erie had ^ero^ merveiH, but he wold ^not 
trow him, for he had no knoukche of him ; and ^e^fore he made 

> leaf 163, ool. 1. 

[Second Version. Addit M8. 9066.] 

to his' place. ^ Whan he come to the *Erles gate,* he knokked. The 
porter asked hym the cause of his* knokkyng. " Open) the gate," 
he saide, "for I am the Emperoui^ ^that knokketh on^ the gate.'' 
The porter, whan he herd this, he opened the gate ; and whan he 
saw hym naked, he said, " ! thou Ribavde, to what presumpcion) 
art thou come, that thou namest the the^ Emperour ! It® is but a 
liteH while ago, that the Emperour was here with my lord, and toke 
mete ; and so he^ went to his paleys, with multitude® of peple ; and 
for thou saist that thou art the Emperoui', thou shalt go to my lord, 
and there thou shalt aunswere of thyn)* presumpcion). ^ Whan he 
was brought before the Erie, he knew wele the Erie, but the Erie 
knew not hym. Whan the Erie herd, that^® he nempned^^ hym self* 
the^^ Emperour, he said to hym, " Say, thou rebavde, whi saiest thou 
that thou art the Emperour?" he saide, "for sothe so I am the^® 
Emperoui*, and your*** lord; and I have promoted the to grete dig- 
nite, and I^® have ordeyned the one of my counseilours ; by ^thise 
tokens,!® — ^ in the last parliament we '^ treted of such nodes." The 
Erie hadde mervaUe ^of his speche, but^® neverthelesse he yave no 

* the. ' place of the erle. ' the. * knok at ' Om. ' and it. 

^ Om, * myohe mollytode. ' thi. '^ Om, " namyd. 
" Om. " Om. " thi. " Om. »• this token. " were. " Om. 


him to he pfiesoned, and to sitto there }e space of thie daies, -with- 
outo meto & drinke ; and aftir he chargid him ^at he ahuld go onto 
of his contre, vpoii) peyne of* lesing of his lyf . irhen themperoui* 
was wtti^nto the ^atis, he wept soie, and seid, "Alias i what shal I 
do nowl I am hut lome, for no man knowith me. Best is, ])at I 
go home to my palys, & weto if> ye Emp^resse, my wif*, or any of 
my meyne woH know me." He yede home ; and anon) a Giehonndy 
ye which he had lovid moche afore, come wyghily rennyng to him, 
and wol($ hane slayn) him, had not hexd ^t herd him erye had pito 
of him, and holpyn) of him. then themperoni' yede forth to the 
yatis of ye palys, and yere he knokked ; and ye porter openyd the 
yate, and asked why he knokked. '' Dere Frend,'' quod themperoui', 
" hast yon no knoulache of me 1 " " No," qvod the Porter, " I haue 
no knoulache of the." " I am," qt/od he, " joxxi^ Emparoui^, & you' 
lord, & yon herist my clothing Tpon> the." then seid ye porter, 
" thou liest, harlot ; my lord the emperoui' sittith at mete, & my 
lady the empires hy his side, with Erlis & dukys." Tho seid th^n* 

[Second Version, Addit. MS. 9066.] 

faiihe to hym, for he had no knowleche^ of hym; hut anon) he 
comaunded him to prison), *and there to he kept^ iij. daies, ^with 
out' mete or^ drynk* ; and after this, for to go out of his Erledome, 
on payn) of his hede. and so it was done. IT Whan the Emperoui^ 
Was thus'^ put out with confusion), he wept bitterly, and said, " Alias I 
Alias ! what shaH I now do ? no man knowes me. 'Kow wille I go^ 
to my paleys, 'to se^ yf any of my men knoweth^ me, or the Emper- 
esse my wyf ." V Than he went to his paleys ; and 'there come ayenst 
hym rynnyng a grete paas a * Greyhound that he loved wele,^® and 
wold have" slayn) hym, hut yf *' he hadde 'the sonnei^^* cried 'for 
help,^^ and men for pitee delyvered hym £tom the Greyhound. IT The 
Emp^rour hadde mervaile of this, and went to the gate, and ronge 
atte^^ gate. The porter* come, and opened the gate, and asked hym 
whi he knokked on the gate 1 he said, ** frende, knowest thou me 
noti" and^® he said, "no." He said agayn), "I am your^^ Emper- 
our, and thou herest my liveray." The porter said, "Thou liest^ 
harlot ; The Emp^rour sitteth atte^^ mete, and beside hym the Em- 
peresse, with dukes and Erles." V He said, " frend, for goddes love, yf 

> knowyng. ' Om. ' to be with out. * and. * Om, 

* I ahalle go. ^ Om, * know. ' leaf 6. 

'* and a grdiound, that he loued myohe, ran to hym a grete paoe. " Om. 

" Om. » 8one. " Om. ** on the. " Om. " the. » at the. 

80 ZXIII. JOVINIAK THE PROUD. 8T0B7. EARL. 7833, & ADDIT. 90961 

paroui^, ''good Frend, I pray the for the loue of> god, ^at pon 
lierkene what I shi^ sey to the ; & go to the emperesse, and sey to 
her in her ere hy such tokyns which non knowithe hut oonly she & 
I ; and sey to hir, ^at I her hushond & hir lorcl stonde nakyd at ^e 
jate ; & pray hir to sendeii) me some dothis, ^at I may come yn.** 
And ]>e porter in scome toke hede to his wordis, & witft scome yede 
to themperesse, & rownyd w»i^ her, & told to hir aH the prive 
tokyns )>at were ysaid hytwene hem two. Anon the emperease made 
him to he fet yn ; and he knew bR men), and no man knew him. 
pea the Emparouf seid, ]>at sat at the tahle, ^ sey, loreH knave, seist 
pon that thou art Emperoui^)" ^'Ya, ser" quoA he. tho spake 
^at othir to alle the lordis ahoute him, '' Sirs and Frendis, I charge 
you ahoute him, hy fQ feith ye owe to me, ]>at ye sey soth, whethir 
this man he Emperoui' or 1 1" " A I ser," quod thei, *' this question) 
is not worth, for this los^ saw we neuer here to-fore, and the we 
haue yknow long." Thenne the Emparoui' chargid hem, fat thei 

[Second Version. Addit MS. 9066.] 

it like you, wille^ ye go on my behalf" to the Emperesse, and say in 
her ere hy thise tokens, that no man ^knowitA vpon^ erthe hut she 
and I, that I stonde naked atte' gate, and^ am her hushond, and 
Emperoui', that she sende my^ clothes, that I may entre my paleys.'' 
^ The Porter toke bE his wordes in scome ; neverthelesse soomyngly 
he went to the Emp^resse, and prively rowned^ in her ere, and told 
her^ all^ the prive tokens that he had herd. IF The Emperesse,^ whan 
she herd this, mervailed^^ gi^tly, and said to the Emp^rour, that 
satte by her, " Sir*, I shalle shew you mervaile.^^ there is an harlot 
atte^^ gate, that seietll he is Emperoui', and my hushond; and he" 
sendeth to me by the porter £J1^^ oure prive tokens, that ye and I have 
done from our yonge age bitwene vs." IT The Emperour, whan he 
herd this, he bad 'he shuld ^* be brought in* Whan he was brought 
in, he knew alt men,^* but no man knew hym. If The Empdronr said, 
that satte atte^^ horde, " Say me, rebavde, whi^® namest thou the for 
EmpdrouiT' he said, "ye, sii'." he that satte at the horde said 
to ail his lordes of his courte, *^ In the faith that ye owe to me seith, 
whether *this man be^* Emperour, or II" V They saideii), " this is an 
vnsavery questiou) ; this rebavde we saw never before,*^ but of youre 
persone of longe tyme we are certayn)." IT The Emp^rour said to his 

' wole. ' knowiB on. ' at the. * that. * me. ' he rownyd. 

^ the emperiee. Om. ' Om, '* she mdrueylyd. " merueylya. 

" at the. " Om. " Om. »• hym. '• Om. " at the. 

»• Om. *• he is. * to-fore. 


ahuld take him, and tey him to Tailles of hois, vpoD) the haid pave- 
ment, — " but I woti not fat ye elee him, but, forsoth, if he euer 
presume any more so fouly, he shalbe dampnyd to the foulest det& 
)>at I can) dome." And in dede, pe cacchepolis diow him vpon) the 
pavement at pe Tailles of hors, and putte him oute of the cite. Sone 
afUr this Empereui' bygah) to thenk, what haue I do, or what haue I 
greyid god, ]>at I am thus put oute of the Empire, and p&t no man 
knowith me) And as he thought these wordis, hit come to his 
mynde, how he had I-thought afore in his bed, is pere any god but 
1 1 — ** A I lord god, now I se wele pai was pe cause fat grevid the, 
and ferfore I shal go to a confessoui^, and dansy me, and take pen- 
aunce ferfore." There beside duellid an heremyte, pat vsid to 
shrive ^him afore ; and he yede to this heremite then, & knokked at 
J>e dore. "Who is perel" quod the heremite. "Opyii), opyn," 
quod the Emperoui', ''for I am the Emperour, and haue certein 
prmtes to speke with the." And the Heremyte openyd the dore ; 

> leaf 168, col. 2. 

[Second Version. Addit. MS. 9066.] 

servanntes, "Take^ this harlotte, and draw hym at the horse-taile, 
on the pament, by cause he wold have the Empire' ^from me,^ whan 
he saide that* he was Emperour. If Also I wdle, yf he of fsdse pre- 
sumpcion) any more entremete hym of the Empire, that he be put to 
a foule deehe." IT Than *the turmentours,* at the biddyng of the Em- 
pcroui*, drew hym on the pament, at the horse-taile ; and afterward 
shamfully put hym out of the Citee. whan he was put out, and 
confused, he wept bittirly, saiyng in ^his hert, ** Alias 1 Alias ! that 
ever I was bom), for now I wote not what I shall do, ne whether to 
go ! " If Anoii) he thought, " what have I do ayenst^ god, that I am 
thus put out of myne Empire, and no man knoweth me 1 " while 
he thought this in his hert, it come to his mynde, that ones he® lay 
in his bedde, and» said, "Is there any god but II" If "0! lord 
god, this is the cause of myn) offence. I shall go to my confessour, 
and be clene^® confessed of my synnes."^^ If Thei^ was that tyme an 
hermyte, that he was wonte to be confessed at ; and he went to his 
Selle, and called *the hermyte. Anon) *^ the hermyte come,^^ and asked 
who was thei' 1 he said, " vndo the dorre, for^* I am the Empe?-our, 
that have for to shew to you my prive counsaile." Anon) the her- 

' take hym. * emperice. ' Om. * Om. * thei. • leaf 6, back. 

' agayns i^aMi'm. * as he. " he. *• clenly. " Bynne. 

•» Om. '» herd. ** Om. 



and when he saw fe Emperom*, anon he put to the dore ayen) wit^ 
all his myght, and seid, " nay, fon art not Empcroui* but the deviH." 
Jjen) themperoui* bygan sore to wepe, and seid, " alas 1 alas ! Tnappy 
wrecche ))at I am ; I pray the, for goddis loue, here my confession) 
pere as I stonde ; and let thi dore stond yshit, as hit dolfc" " For 
the loue of god," qiio^ the heremyte, *^ I wolle gladly here the ; say 
what thou wilt" Tho the Emperoui* makyd confession), and told 
how he had grevid his god ; " and ferfore I had suche venlaunce." 
When J)e hcremite had assoiled him, he openyd a wyndowe, and 
knew him for emperoui*, and kist for loye. " Telle me," quodi the 
Empcroui*, " hast fou knoulache of* me yit, or doutist of" me ? " "yis," 
qt^od the heremyte, '* I know fe now, fat thou art emperowr ; but 
as long as ]>ou duelledist in synne, I coude not know the." " I pray 
the," qtwxi the Empcrowr, " lene me som clothis, and kever my body ; 
and pen wolle I tume home^ & loke if* any man) can) or wolle know 
me." "yis, my lord," seid fe heremyte; "suche clothis as I haue, 
thou shalt haue, and I trow to god thei woH know the ; but, Ber, I 

[Second Version. Addit MS. 9066.] 

myte opened the dorres^ ; and whan he saw hym, with a grete hast 
he shitte the dorres ^ agayn), and said, " thou art not the^ Em- 
perour, but rather a' devett'." H The Emp^oui* herd this, wept* fast, 
and said, " Alias ! " * I am vnhappy,® yit I pray the, for the love of 
god, here my confession), *and lette me stond with out the dorre."' 
The hermyte said, " for the love of god I shaU gladly here the." 
If Anon) the Emperour witli teres was confessed, how he was proude 
ayenst god, and what he had thought and said. And whan he was 
assoiled, the hermyte ^kneled and kissed^ hym for ioye. IT Than the 
Emperour said, "Now say me trewly, whether -thou hast knowyng 
of me, or thou doutest yit 1 " The hermyte said, " with outen) doute 
I know the for verrey Emp^rom*, and for my lord ; but as longe as 
thou were in synne, I had no* knowyng of the." IT Than the Em- 
peroiu* said, "I pray the, yf thou have any clothes, lene^® me some, 
for to hille me with, and so I shall 'go to my paleys, and I shidl^^ se yf 
any man have*^ knowyng of me." II The hermyte said, " My reverent 
lord, suche clothes as I have I wille gladly take you ; and I hope 
with outen doute, that ali men shsB. know you ; but what he is 

' dore. ' On^. * the. * and wepte. * Om. * an ynhappy man. 

^ beyng the dore shit 

' opynd the wyndow, and knew him Bothely for the Emperour, and kyssed &o. 

• none. " lende. " Om. " yet haue. 


m^rveiH ifhat he is, Jjat occupietl^ thi dignite," Wlien themperoiu* 
was I-clothid, lie went to his paleis, and knokkeci at ^e yate. the 
porter openyd the yate, and kneli(} doun), & seid, " ser, my Io»), by 
what wey yede ye oute ; for I haue here abide & I-etond long, & I 
cowde not se you ] " " Knowist \om me," qtMn) themperoui*. " ye, 
my lord/' qtMx) he, " and long haue ydon) ; Bat yisteiday there come 
an harlot nakec), & come to ))e halle, & seid he was emperour." So 
hit was, ]>at the Emp^rour entrid in to ))e halle. when knyghte^ 
and lordis saw him come, thei fille doun) on kne^ eche man in his 
degre, and salowid him, as J^ei aught to do to themp^rour. And 
]>at o]>er Empenwr was in chamber wtt^ the lady, & herde a grete 
noise in the halle; [and] he comTnaundid his chamberleyn) to go 
loke what hit was. Whan ^e chamberleyn) had I-seyn) what hit 
was, he come rennyng yp agein, and seid to ]>e Emperoui^, ''Sir, 
there is tt feif man in the halle, and seith he is Emperour; and he 
is like to you, ^at there is no man in ))is world ])at may know whe))er 
of you to be Emperoure." Then seid the Emperoui* to Je lady, 

\Second Verswru AddU, MS. 9066.] 

that occupietfi your place,^ vtterly I wote not." IT Than* the Empcr- 
our, whan he was clad, he went to the paleys, and knokked at the 
gate, the porter opened the gate ; and whan he saw the Emp^rour, 
he fille ardowne' on his knee, and said, "My reverent lord, I mer- 
vaile* what way ye went out, For I have stond here *aH this day,* 
and saw you not." IF The Empcrour said, " knowest thou mel " "ye, 
lord," he said, " of* longe tyme I have know you; but^ yisterday 
here was an harlot, and went into the halle, and said he was Em- 
peroui*." IT Whan the porter had thus said, the Emperour went ®into 
the halle. *Ali his® knyghtes and other men, whan thei sawe hym, 
worshipfully thei saluted hym ; and eche man did hym worshippe, 
as thei were wont to do to^® the Emperoui*. If The ^othei* Emperour^^ 
was in the chambre that tyme, with the Empresse. whan tbei 
herd noise in the halle, he said 'vnto his** chamberlayn), " Go and^* 
wete what this^* noyse is." Whan he come, and saw the Emperour 
in the halle, he had mervaile ; and went ayene^* fast in to the cham- 
bre, and said, " A ! my worshipful! lord, in the hadle is a faire man, 
that saith he^* is Emperoui*, and in att thynges^'' he is like you, that 
there is no man in the world 'that coude^® deme verrely whiche of 

* dignyte. * Om, * doune. * haue merueyle by. * Om, • a, 

^ but yet • leaf 7. • Om. " Ow. " tother. »' to the. 

»» Om. " that " Om. " that he. " thyng. " kan. 


" goth ye forth, and 8eth him, and telle me what it ia." And the 
lady did? so ; and when she saw him, ^ She had so grete merveill, 
f&t no man wolde tro we . hit & sone she entrid fe chamber ayen), 
and seid, "A! scr, what shal I sey now or dol Forsoth I note 
whothir of< you I shal take for my husbond, suche a liknes is atwene 
you two." Then spake the Emperoui*, and seid, " I shaH se him my 
self*." Wben thempfiroui* come to fe halle, and f ei stode both to- 
gidie, ferQ was no man) cowde discryve wheper of hem shuld be 
Emperour. Then spak themperoui' ]>at come doun) of ]7e chamber, 
"Dere frendis echon), wit^outeii) doute pis is yowr lord, & youf 
"Emj^erour, & ]>e same ^at I made to be drawen) with hors, though 
non of! you had knoulache of him ; and alle was for this skyle. Hit 
happid ])at this man) bygan) to be so hy in hert, & so proudely, and 
theffore god put him oute of* his empier, tyH ]>at he had made 
amendis ; and in this tyme I was commaunded by god to occupie 
bis stede, psi the Empire shuld not perisa^ ; and I am his aungeH, 
that haue I-be in the gou^maile and keping*, as ye know, vnto pe 
tyme that he were reconsiled to god, & pat peas be made bytwene 

' leaf 168, back, ool. 1. 

[Second Version, Addit M€, 9066.] 

you is Emp«rour." IT The Emperoui^ herd this, and bad the Empresse 
" go forthe, and se what he is, and come telle me." IT The Empresse 
went, and loked, and mervailed gretly;^ and went fast^ into the 
chambre agayn). " ! Sir, what I shall say vtterly I wote not, in as 
moche * as I wote not whiche of you is my lord, for ye are so like." % The 
Empe^-our, that was in the chambre, said, " I shaH go forthe and se 
hym." Whan thei* come into the halle, thei stoden) to-gedre; and there 
was no man in the halle that coude deme which of hem was verry 
Emperour. H Than said the Emperour, that come out of the chambre, 
** worshipf utt Sires and Frendes, with outeri) doute this is youi^ lord 
and Emparour j^ this is he that I made to be draw at the horse-taile, 
and none of< you knew him ; and this is the cause.* If hit ^be-felle 
ones'' that he was over^ provde ayenst god; and therfoi' god cast 
hym downe^ out of his Empire, tille he had made a-set^ to god. 
And I was boden) of god to kepe his stede, that the Empire shuld 
not perissti. And I am an aungeH of god, that hat&^^ kept the Em- 
pire, as ye ^sene, tille ^^ he were reconsHed to^* god. and now pease 

' wonder gretly. ■ swythe. ' mykylle, * he. * the Emperor. 

' skylle. "^ fille bo. * thus. ' Om, haue, 

" have Bene, vntylle. ^* of. 


god & him; and ferlove receiuetb him for yom^ 1ok)i" & eo he 
yanysshedf fro hem. And themperot^r hily ihonkid god, ])at so 
savid him ; and aftir he was a devoute maii), & faire endid his lyf*. 


DEre Frendis, this Emperonf may be callid ech Ciistei]) mai) ])at is 
myghii and riche, pQ which foi habundaunce of good inhiel^ him 
ayens god, aciL he is recheles to kepe his commanndement), and he 
goth in the forest of this worlds for to hunte aboute worldly vanytes. 
but thenne ofbe tymes per liseth a thik dowde and a derk, bcH. 
temptacioi)) of* the deveH, ^e which ofbe tymes departith suche a 
mas) iro the people of god, Bcil. fro the werkys of* mercy ; and takith 
then a grete hete, ]>at is for to sey, dilectacion) of synnyng*, & so he 
puttith of* his clothis, BciL good vertuys, ]>e which he receined in 
baptisme, and he entrith in to ]>e water of flesshly affeccions, in ]>e 
which a synner is ofbe tyme delited. Bnt when a man begynneth 
to penk on his syn), and purposith to arise oute perof bye contricion), 
then he sechith his clothis, acil, vertnys, the which he»had yloste, 
bnt he fyndeth hem not. — ^what doth he thenne 1 He goth then to 

[Second Version. AddiU MS, 9066.] 

is made with goci ; Therfoi^ taketh hym to^ yonr lord?." IT whan this 
was said, the anngeH was out of her sight. The Emperoui^, whan he 
saw this, he *y®l5®^ thankyngis * to go<J, that so had saved? hym. 
After this he was devoute to god, and ended his lyf< in pease. 

Declaraoio. Frendes, to vnderstond gostly, This Emperour is every 
cristeu) man, that is myghty and riche, and for habundaunce of rich- 
esse and of myght raisethe hym self* ayenst god, as he that obeyeth 
not to goddes wille, neither to his preceptes, but walketh by pe 
forest ^of this world, himtyng aboute worldly vanytees. H But ofte 
sithe ther riseth a derke clowde in a temptacion) of the fende, that 
suche one departeth hym from all his peple, that is, from all the 
werkes of mercy, and taketh a grete hete, that is, delectcu;ion) of 
synne ; and so he putteth of his clothes, that beii) his good vertues, 
the whiche he resceived in his baptyme, and goth into the watir, That 
is, flesshly aifeccions, in the whiche a synner deliteth hym moche. 
IT But whan a man bethynketh him of his synne, he begynneth to flee 
by contriccion), but yit he fyndeth not his clothes ; tho be the ver- 
tues, the whiche he hath lost by his synne. IT Wherfoi' he gothe to 

' Om, ' yeld thankyng. ' leaf 7, back. 


])e hous of the knyg&t ]>at he avaunced, bcU, to resoii); and resoi]) 
betith him so ofte tyme as he stondith ayens ])e Sjniiery and he 
reprevith him, for he offendith god, & lesith Heuen), and getith him 
Je peyne of helle. Af tirwar(J he comyth to Jje hous of J>e Erie, scil, 
consciens ; and he grucchith with him, & prasonyth him, and puttith 
him in many angris & tribulacion), tyH tyme ]>at he come ^to the 
wey of helth. For whenne eny Man doth eny synne, conscience 
grucchith ]>6rwith ; and therfore the Appostitt seith, Omne quod est 
contra consciendam^ edificat ad iehennamy ]>at is to sey, AH fat is 
ayens conscience, beldith towaTt) helle. Aftir he goth to his owne 
paleis, sctl. to the herte, and thinketh how Ss in what maner ]>at he 
had trespassid to god; & fere he may not be receiue<J, — ^whyl for 
god is put oute of* herte by synne. & the Emparoui', soil, holy 
chirch, to whom we owe to be weddid, knowith not ])e synner, titt 
tyme ^at he be ydrawe atte ]>e Tailles of hors, vpon) fe pavement, 
BctZ. f ou awe to take to mynde fro begynnyng of thy lyf vnto f is 
present day, where, how, & for what cause, ^at fon hast grevid thi 
god ; & then renne to a heremyte, bcU. a discrete conf essoui^, & shew 

' leaf 163, back, ool. 2. 

[Second Version, Addit MS, 9066.] 

the knyghtes house, that is, reason) ; but reason) betith hym, as ofte 
as he manly stondeth agayn) synne. For withstondyng of synne is 
paynf uH ; and reason) vndirtaketh hym that he hathe offended go(}, 
and lost heven, and purchasi(J helle payn). If Than after, whan 
he come to the house [o]f ^ the Erie, that is, to his conscience, anon) 
it gruccheth ayenst hym, and putteth hym to prison), That is, he in- 
volves hym in grete sorowes and diseases of hert, for his synne, tille 
he come to the way of helthe. For whan a man hathe do synne, his 
conscience gruccheth ; as the appostle saith, Ati that is done ayenst 
conscience, edefiel^ Helle. IT Than he gothe to his owne paleys, that 
is, to his owne hert, and thynketh what and how moche he hal£ 
offended ayenst god, and may not be resceived ; for by synne god 
is put out of the hert. IT And the [elmpresse, that is, holy chirche, to 
the whiche he shuld be wedded, [knjoweth not a synner, tille he be at 
the horse-taile, by the [pjament. That is, thou owest to have in mynde, 
fro the begynyng of tni lyf" vnto this tyme, If what that is, how, and 
where, and for what cause, and how ofte thou hast offended god ; 

' Part of the margin of leaf 7, back, seems to have been written on a loose 
Blip, whioh was then removed, bo that the beginnings of some of the lines lack 
the first letters. 


to him what, & howe moche fat J)<?u hast grevicJ god ; and so by 
good argument Jwu shalt recouere thi clothing, ecH. vwiiuys, fat thou 
lostist ; and pen fc/u shalt mow go ynto f e palys of Crist, where the 
porter, Bcil, prelat, Bcil, god him self*, shalle opene to the the yate of 
heuen). And then aH thine, scil, aungels, shul know fe, and fon shalt 
regne fere withouten) ende, vrith the blessed lord. Qui cum patre &c. 

. [XXIV.] 



Ayerios was a wise emperoiu' regnyng in the cite of Eome ; and 
he let crye a grete feste, and who so ener wol(} come to that 
feste, and gete victory in tour[n]ement, he shuld haue his 
doughter to wyf*, aftir his decesse. So pere was a doaghti knyght, & 
hardy in armys, and specially in tom'[n]ement, fe which hadde a wyf*, 
and two yong children), of age of thre yere ; and when this knyght had 
hen) this crye, in a clere morowenyng he entred in to a forest, and fere 
he hen) a nyghtingale syng vpon) a tre so swetly, fat he herd neuer 
80 swete a melody afore that tyme. The knyght sette him doun) 
vndre the tre, and seid to hbn self*, " now, lord, if I myght knowe 
what this brid shold bemene ! " pere come an old man), and seid 
to him, " fat thou shalt go wMin thes thre dales to f e Emperours 
feste, & f on shalt suffire grete persecucion) or f ou come fere ; and if* 
fon be constant, & pacient in i£ thi tribnlacioh), thy sorowe shal 
tume the to grete ioy ; and, ser, this is the interpretacionl of his 

[Second Version, Addit, MS, 9066.] 

and so rynne to the herm3rte, that is, a secrete confessot^r, and shew 
to hym how thou hast offended god. And so it foloweth, that thoa 
may recover, and gete agayn) thi clothes, that are the vertues, that is 
lost by synne ; and go to the paleys of holy chirche, where the por- 
ter, that is, the prelat, shall take the in. and god shaH open) to 
the the dorre of the kyngdome of heven, whan thou diest ; IT And alt 
thyn), that ben the aungels of god, shaH there know the ; and there 
thou shalt reigne in the hevenly Empire; to the whiche ^bryng vs 
the Emperoui' of heven) Ihera crist 1 Amen. 

* leafs. 


song/' when this was seid, ))e old man) yanysshed, and ])e brid fly 
awey. tho the knyght had grete merveitt ; he yede to his wif*, and 
told lier the cas. " ser," qMod she, " J>e wiH of" god be fulfilled, but 
I counseH \ai we go to ])e feste of the Emperoui^, and ))at ye thynk 
on the victory in the tour[n]ement, by the which we may be 
avaunced and holpen)." when the knyght had made aH thing< redy, 
))ere come a grete fire in the nyght ; and bient yp att his hous. & ali 
his goodis, For which he had grete sorowe in hert ; ^JN'eu^rtheles, not- 
withstondyng* aH this, he yede forthe toward the see, with his wife, 
and with his two childryn) ; and ]>ere he hired a Ship, to passe ouer. 
When thei come to londe, ]>e maister of the Ship2>6 asked of the 
knygiLt his hire for his passage, for him, & for his wif, and for his 
two childryn). "Dere Frend," seid the knyght to him, " dere frend, 
suf&e me, & ]>oa shalt haue aH thyn), for I go now to the feste of 
themperoui*, where I trust to haue J)e victory in tur[ne]ment, and 
fen J>ou shalt be wele ypaied." "nay, by the feith Jjat I owe to 
femperom*," qwod Jjat othir, ''hit shal not be so. For but if" Jou 
pay now, I shal holde thi wif* to wed, tyH tyme fat I be paied fully 
my salary." And he seid fat, for he desired fe loue of* the lady, 
tho the knyght profren) his two childryn) to wed. So fat he myght 
haue his wif" ; and the Shipman seid, " nay, such wordis beth vayn), 
for," qttod he, " or I wol haue my mede, or els I woUe holde thi wif"." 
80 the knyght lefke his wif with him, and kyst her with bitter teris ; 
and toke f e two childryn), sct'Z. on in his oon arme, & fat othir in 
his nek, and so he yede forth to the tumement. Aftir f e maist^ of* f e 
8hip2?6 wolde haue layn) by the lady, but she denyed hit, & seid, fat 
she had lever dey fan consente f erto. So wz't^in short tyme, f e 
maister drew to a fer lond, and fere he deied ; and f e lady beggid 
her brede iro dore to dore, and knew not in what lond her husbond 
was duellinge. the knyght was gon) toward the paleis, and at f e 
last he come by a depe water, fat was impossible to be passid, but 
hit were in certein tyme, when hit was at fe lowist. ]}e knyght sette 
doun) 00 child, and bare the othir ouer the water ; and aftir fat he 
come ayen) to fecche ouer f e othir, but or he myght come to him, 
there come a lion), and bare him awey to f e forest, the knyght 

> leaf 164, ool. I. 


ptusufid aftir, but he mygiLt not come to pe lioii); and ^en he 
wept bitterly^ and yede ayen) ouer the water to ]7e othir child; 
and or he were ycome, a here had take pe child, and ran) perwiih to 
pe forest. When fe knyght saw p&t, sore he wepte, and seid, ^' alias 1 
^at eu^ I was bore, for now haue I lost wif* and childryn). poM 
brid ! thi song p9,i was so swete is ytumed in to grete sorowe, and 
hath ytake away myrth fro my heri" Aftir this he turned toward 
the f este, and made him redy toward the tumement ; and pere he 
bare him so manly, & so doately in the tumement, and ])at twies or 
thries, ]>at he wan) pe victory, and worship, and wynnyng of )>at 
day. For pe Emperoui' hily ayauncid him, and made him maist^ 
of his oste, and commaundid pat aH shuld obey to him ; and he 
encresid, and aros from day to day in honure and richesse. And he 
went af tirward in a certein day in the cite, [and] he found a precious 
^ Stone, colourid w»t^ thre manor of< colours, as in oo partie white, in 
an othir partie red, and in the thrid partie blak. Anon he went to 
a lapadary, ^at was expert in pe yertae of Stonys ; and he seid, ^at 
pe yertue of< thilke stone was this, who soeuar berith the Stone ypon) 
him, his heyynesse shaH tume in to ioy ; and if* he be pouare, he 
shal be made riche ; and it he hath lost any thing, he shaH fynde' 
hit ayen) 'with grete ioy. And when the knyght herd this, he was 
glad and blit^ and thought in him self*, '' I am in grete heuynesse 
& pouarte, for I haue lost aH that I had, and by this Stone I shal 
recouere afl ayen), whejjcr hit be so or no, god wote ! " Aftir, when 
he must go to Bataile of* the 'Em^erour, he gadrid to-gidre i^ ^e 
oste, and among hem he found two yong knyghtis, semely in hameis, 
& wele Lshape, the which he hired for to go wtt^ him yn bataifi 
of the Emparour. And when thei were in the BataiH, pere was not 
oon in ^ ]>e bataiH ]>at did so doutely, as did tho two knyghtis ]>at 
he hired ; and peroi this knyght, maister of pe ost, was hily gladid. 
When pe bataiH was y-do, thes two yong knyghte* yede to her oste 
in pe cite; and as fei sat to-gidir, thelder seid to pe yonger, "Dere 
Trend, hit is long sitben) J)at we were felawys, and we haue grete 
grace of god, for in enerj batail we haue pe yictory ; and fcrf ore 
I pray you, telle me of what centre ye were ybore, and in what 

< leaf 164, col. 2. 


iiacioi])7 for I askid neutfr this of the or now ; & if pon wilt telle me 
sotl^ I shal telle my kynrede, & where I was borne." And when 
oo felawe spak ]>as to ]>e othir, a faire lady was loggid in ])e same 
ostry; and when she hercJ ]>e elder knyght speke, she herkened to 
him I but she knew neither of hem, and yit she was modir of both, 
& wyf" of* the maist^ of the Oste, the which also fe maister of the 
Ship/>6 Wit^hel(} for shiphire, but euer god kept her fro synne. Then 
spake the yonger knyght, " Forsoth, good man), I note who was my 
Fader, or who was my modir, ne in what stede I was borne ; but I 
haue this wele in mynde, p&t my fader was a knyght, and ])at he bare 
me oner the water, and left my eldir brothir in pe lond ; and as he 
passid ouer ayen) to fecche him, pere come a lioii), & toke me vp, 
but a man of the cite come wtt^ houndis, and when he saw him, he 
made him to leve me wit^ his houndis." " now, sothly," qtiod fat 
othir, '* and in pQ same maner hit happid vrith me. For I was pe 
sone of a knyght, and had only a brothir ; and my fader brought me, 
& my hioper, & my modir, ouer the See toward themperoui^ ; and 
for my fader had not to pay to ]>e maist^ of* ^the ship for the fraught, 
he left my modir to wed j and fen my fader toke me with my yong 
^brothir, and brought vs on his bak, & in his armys, tyH fat we come 
vnto a water, and pere left me in a side of the water, and bare ouer 
my yong brothir ; and or my fader myght come to me ayene, to here 
me ouery thei' come a here, and bore me to wode ; and f e people fat 
saw him, made grete cry, and for fere the here let me falle, and so 
Wit7i thelke people I duellid x. yere, and thei^ I was ynorisshed." 
When fe modir herd thes wordis, she seid, "w^tAoute doute thea 
ben) my Sonys ; " and ran to hem anon, and fil ypon) her nekkes, and 
wepte sore for ioy, & seid, " A I dere sonys, I am jour modir, fat 
yowr fader left wit7e f e maister of the Shippe ; and I know welo by 
youi^ wordis and signes fat ye beth true brethera). But how it is 
wiiJi jour Fader, fat I know not, but god, fat ati seth, yeve me 
grace to fynd my husbond." And alle that nyght f es thre were in 
gladnes. On f e morow f e modir rose vp, and f e childryn), bcU. f e 
knyghte^, folowid ; and as thei yede, the maist^ of f e Oste mette 
wiUi hem in f e strete, and f ough he were her fader, he knew hem 

' leaf 164, back, ool. 1. 


not, but as J)ei had manli fought J)e day afore ; and fcrfor he salued 
hem honurably, and askid of* hem, what feii' lady fat was, fat come 
"with hem ? Anon) as fis lady her($ his voys, and perceyued a cer- 
teyn) signe in his frount, she knew fully perhj that it was her hus- 
bon(i ; and f ^ore she raxi) to him, and clypt him, and kyst him, and 
for ioy fille doun) to the erth^ as she had be ded. So aftir fis passion), 
she was reised vp ; and then the maist^ seid to her, " Telle me, feii' 
woman), whi fou clippest me, and kyssist me so Y " She seid, " I am 
thi wif*, that fovL leftist with fe maister of the Ship ; and thes two 
knyghte* bene jour Sonys. loke wele on my front, and see." Then 
the knyght byheld her wele, wit^ a good avisement, and knew wele 
by diuerse tokyns fat she was his wif*; and anon kyst her, and the 
Sonys eke; and blessid hiely god, fat so had visited hem. ' Tho 
went he ayen) to his lond, with his wif*, and with his children), and 
endid faire his lif. 


DEre frendis, this Emperoui' is oui^ lord Thesa Crist, the which 
callith vs to the tumement of penaunce, wherthurugh we mow 
come to euerlastyng ioy. The knyghte^ two sonys and his wif* is 
eche good Cristen) man) ; f e which owith to redy him toward f e wey 
of heuen by praiers, fastyng, & almysdede, to take with him his wif*, 
8ci7. his flessh, fat it obey vnto f e goost in aH finger, the two 
childryn) bethe reson) and wiUe ; if fe which two accorde 'wele to- 
gider, the! mow sekirly come to the tur[ne]ment of penaunce. the 
brid, fat singeth so swetly, is fe holy gost, f e which is ener puttyng 
grace in to vs, if* we wol aske hit, as the gospeH makith mencion) 
thus, Petite, ^ acctpietiSj fat is to sey, askith, and havith ; Pulsate, 
^ aperietur vohis, that is to sey, knokkith, and hit shalbe openyd 
to you. Neuertheles it behouyth fat ioy of yongith be twrnyd to 
sorowe of penaunce, and aUe oui' vices be brend vp wit7» fe fire of 
fe love of god. So fat we love' god oner afi thinge^, & set aH 
erthely thinge« atte nouglLt. The Ship in which vs owe to entre is 
penaunce, and f ^ore seith lerom, Secunda tahula post naufragiura 
est jpenitenciaf &c, ea^onitur suprB,, And f er^ore we se wele by ex- 

' leaf 164, back, col. 2. * that in love of, MS. 


perience, ^at if any man must nedis paase the See to pe holy lond, in 
fulfilling of Yowys, and behotitb p&t he made, Jyerfore pen if* hit 
happe, fat there he in fe water two Shippis, of* pQ which oon is 
ychaigid, and pat othir is ynchargid. Now to oui' purpos. \)ere 
bene two Shippis, set/, haptym & penaunce ; -baptym is charged, for 
hit is oure first sacrement, and he ])at we -hem) ysavicB, and perloie 
]yat is passid, and may not he take ayen) ; and* perfofte nedefully we 
must take the Ship of* penaunce, as did the-knyght, with his wif* & 
his childre. hut ]>e knyght left his wif* with fe malste^ of* the shippe^ 
for he myght not pay ; So do ])0u leve thi fiessh vriih a discrete con- 
fessoui*, that is to sey, flesshly affeccions^ & take wtt^ the two 
sonys, as reson) and will: ; reson) to goueme thi lif, & wil to do poi is 
plesaunt to god. for pere is nothing hett^ ^an) thajb )At is yoveh) to 
god vriih a good wifi, in so moche ^at in ceHein places & tymes wiH 
is take as for dede with god. And so vs must pasw.ouec the worldly 
water ; But many doth of te tyme as did ]>e knyght, pat left oon of* 
his childreh) ypon) pe lond ; So pat what tyme reason) is depressid, 
then) comyth pe lyon), scil. pe deviti, & gostly "ravlsshdth a man). 
Neu^heles then pe hurde, BciL a prechoui', comyth often) tyme, in 
80 moche ]>at pe deviH lettith a man) to falle;from hia power, and 
J)en he is norisshed of holy chirche in good werke*. JSVf^ he wolle 
seche the othir, ocU, wiH, by pe which he shuld pleasergo^^thut the 
here, sctZ. pe worker, ravissheth pe wiH, in so otoche pat Ig^ ;bath no 
wiH to f ulfiUe no meritory werk^^. But yit ofte tyme pr^l^^, pre- 
chours, and doctours ravisshith by holy Scripture sucl\ ^.yfiB, and 
makith hit to be norisshedl by doctrine of god^ vnto pe ty^e pnt a 
man know what & how moche he hathe trespaaaid vnto g^.; Then 
aftirward the knyght is ymade maistcr of the Oste, & wauJ>QTictory 
in batails. In pe same maner, when a ma)Q)'9i^ercomyt& j)Q deviH, 
then he is maister of* him self*, ^yn gouetnyng 'of his owne^soulc^ 
puttyng awey vices, & plantyng vartuys. this, th€j?Jq;iyght? 
fyndithe a ston, I-colowrid with three diuerse oolowres, iq ]^Qj|ji)b^ 
that he hathe outcome his enmyes by penaunce, he ^dith^ ^:§t^iM^ 
Bcil Christum,* Grist, ])at seithe. Ego sum lapis, &c; )U8 is^#to sey, I 
am a stone, the whiche is colowrid wit^ iy. folde Qoloures, bcxL y^Hi^ 

■ leaf 165, ool. 1. ' koght, MB.. ^ If a 2^«, 


xnyte of \q fadir wisdom) of ^e sonne, & meknesse of the holy 
goste. And he \at ehal have ]>is stone, shal have euerlastyng lyf ; 
and so owi' hevines ])at we have heei^ shalle toume into loye, and so 
we shalle mowe come yriih cure wyf, sct'Z. oure flesche, & cure 
Bonys^ sci'Z. Eeson) & wiH, [to] have ay lastyng^ lyf*, aftir owre dessece. 
Ad qubsn. noa &c 

[XXV. ] 



PLebeins was Emp^ronre Eegning in the cete of Eome ; fe whiche 
ordeynid for a lawe, that wacchemen shulde eche nyght go 
aboute (e cete, & visite eche house, fat fere was no misgouemayle ]>ere 
in, wher by pe cite myght peril oi hamD, <& fai fere were no man* 
slauter, ne sodeyne deth in Eny house. So in a tyme fere was an 
olde knyght, named Josias, fe whiche had to wyf a freshe yonge 
wenche ; and this yonge woman) vsid to syng so swetly, that mony 
men) drow for hir love to hir house, and speke to hir f or a manar 
love pat is forbode. And this Empc^rouro had in his hous iij. yonge 
knyghtes, scU. that is to seye, Pirellus, fat was stiward ; Oliuerus, 
])e whiche vsid to wynne victory in bataile in ewerj place ; and the 
thirde was named [Lemicius. The firste] knyght, sctZ. pirellus, 
yede pn'vely vnto the forsaide woman), fe olde knyghtes wyf, and 
proforid hir many yiftis, yf so were fa.t she wolde assente to his 
desire. " what wolt Jjou yeve to me 1" quod she, " yf I fulfille thi 
willel" "XX. marke," quod he. "Then I graunte," quod she; 
" but telle me what tyme & what oure fou wolte come with fi money, 
& I shalle in the mene tyme avise me yf I wolle fulfille thi wille ; I 
shalle yeve the aunswere or longe tyme be.'' Afftir fat come Oliuerus 
to hir & spake to hir for the same mat^, but he wist not that his 
felow had be fere afore, pen she saide to him, " \)ou shalt Come, & 
do thi wille.*' when Oliuerus had this aunswere, he was glad, & he 
yede his weye. And ))oo come the thirde knyght, ande spake to 
hir of the same mater, but he wist not that his Felawes had ben 


ther afore. And tho he saide to hir, " what shalle I jeve to the. 
In condacion) ^ ]>at I shalle do my wille withe the ) " " \)ou shalt yeve 
me XX. marke/' quod she, '^ an then I shi^ tel the when and in 
what houre, ]>at thow shalt come & ligge withe me." '' I assente/' 
saide he, & yede home to the place. And sone aftir pe malicious 
womaD) yede, and discouered to hir husbonde fe counsaiH of alle 
thre knyghte*. " And Jjerefore, sir," she said, ** I pray ]>e, sir, yef 
me counsaiH, how that I may have alle hir yifte^, and save my 
selve fro synfiH werke." J)en spake hir husbonde, "Jjowe shalt," 
quod he, " sey to the fyrst knyght, pat he brynge his mony at myd- 
nyte ; and to the secounde, fat he bring his money at ]>e thirde 
cokkis crow ; IT and to the thirde knyght, fat he bryng his mony in 
the morowe. IF And I Shalle steke the dore aftir hem, & sle hem, 
when thei buthe entred; and so we shatt have pe mony, & pon 
ahalt be yn£lid." Thenne aftirward she saide to the iij. knightes, 
as ye haue hurd, & pat they shuld come yn) the nyght folowyng, & 
thei shulde have hir wille. So the firste knyght come at mydnyght, 
and knokked at the dore, trowing that hir husbonde wer6 absent, 
she come, and askid the cawse of his cnokkyng. '' A ! " quod he, 
« I am Pirel, the knyght" « A 1 be stille," quod she, " hast thow 
browte ]>i money 1 " " yee," quod he. " Entir then," quod sche ; 
openid pe doi^, & he enterid in derknesse. the Olde knyght stekid 
the doi* aftir him, & yede,~& slow this knyght, an spoyled him 
bothe of monye & of dothis, & drowe his body into a prevy 
caumbre. Aftir this, at pQ iij. cockis croweyng, come pe Second 
knyght, with his money ; & as it was I-don) wzt^ pe first, so was it 
don) with the secounde; & his body was drawe into a chaumbi'. 
In the morow come the thirde, and knew nothing of the chaunce 
of his felowes ; & when) he was comyn) in, hir husbonde smote him 
on) the hede, & he fel downe dede, and his body was drawe into pe 
same chaumbre. Then spake sche to hir husbonde, & seide, " sir, 
we have I-do a perilowse dede ; fes knyghtes shul sone be sought, & 
yf thei be not I-founde, pere wolle be serche made for hem fro hous 
to hous, & yf they be founde with vs, we shuUe have a foule dethe ; 
& ferefoi', sir, it is goode that we werke wysely." " Say thi best 

» leaf 166, coL 2. 


counsaiH/' quod he. then saide she, '' ]?ow knowest wel, J^zt ])ere 
is a lawe I-made, ^ot wacchemen) shulle goo aboute in tyme of ]7e 
nyght, & viflite * Eche house ; and on) of the wacchemen is my brofere ; 
& when he comythe by the strete, I shal make him Entre pnuely, & 
telle him of this dede, & so I truste that he woUe deliu^ ys." then) 
saide he, " this is a gode connsaille, yf ]>ou do as ^om saist." So in 
tyme of the nyght, when wacchemen come blowyng hir homes, ))is 
yonge woman) heiyng< the home of hir broj^^re, come to him, & saide, 
*.*Grode broJ>er and frende, come to my hovse, for I have fere a 
certen) previte to shew to the." he come in, & she saide to him, 
" take now goode hede, my swet bro])er, of that I shalle sey to the, 
& helpe to socot^r me in this gret nede, for \er^ fel a cas f e last 
nyght A knyght come to my hovse, & spake vnEuly wordes to my 
husbonde, & so myn) husbond kyllid him, and his body is hid in a 
chaumbi* ; & yf oure honse were I-eerchid, & J»e body wen* I-founde, 
we myght have a foale dethe ; and ferefoie, dei^ bro])er6, as thow 
lovist me & my lyf, Eemeve him in to som o]>ere place, ^cd he be not 
I-fotmde \er^ & fou shalt have goode mede." '' A ! snster," quod 
he, ^' I wolle not fayle ]>e, in lyf ne in dethe ; and ]>0refoie take me 
his body in a sakke, & I shaH cast it into the see." She toke hi??! 
]>o the body of the firste knyght, & she wolde be-knowe of no mo. 
& [he] toke [it] than, & Banne to the myddis of the cite, & ]>ere was 
an ame of the see, & ]>ere he caste it in. & when ]>is was done, he 
Ban a-yene to the house of his suster, and bad hir to yeve him drinke, 
for he had deliuered hir of the knyght, in grete loye to hir. she 
yede to draw wyne in to the chaumbi', wher as ])e o\er twoo bodijs 
lay; & ]>enne she cride wit^ ah) hie voys, and saide, ^'O bro]>er 
myn), helpe me now ! \>q knyght, ]>at ))ou castiste in to the wat^, 
is hei' a-yene." he trowid hir wordes, Ss entirid Yfiih hir into the 
chaumbre, & saide, '' how is this ^ I caste him into f e see, & now 
he is hei' a-yene ! take \xini me, & I shali ordeyne For him in an 
othir maner." then sche toke him ])e body of the secounde knyght ; 
& he trowid that it had be the first, and he tide a grete stone 
abovte his necke^ & so he caste him into the water. And ];oo he 
come a-yene to hir house, and tolde how he had I-doone. Sche 

' leaf 166, back, col. 1. 


rose 7p to fecclie drink ; ancF as she was in fe caumbi^, slie cride as 
slie di($ afore, anc) saide, " Out 1 hro^er, out 1 for he is I-come 
ayene." when he harde that, he mervaylid strongly, Trowing eucr 
that it ha($ ben) the first knyght. ))en) ^in angir he toke him, & 
put him in a Sakke, & saide, " I caste the firste in the see, & sithen 
I fonde pe hei' ayene ; aftir that I put a gret stone aboute thi necke, 
& yit pon Rise ; I triste now I shalle pley sikir with the." he yede 
wit^ the knyght in to a foreste ; and ))ere he made a grete fire, anct 
caste ]}e knyght pere in. And^ as this waccheman) yede from him, 
he purposid^ to sitte down, & esid him selue. & pere come a knyght 
Kidinge bi fe same wey, be-cause that pere was made a crye of 
Tomement, for the whiche crye many knyghte* come thidir to the 
cite, when this knyght pat was accoldecf, — & hit was grete froste, — 
& he saw pe fyre, he descendidi of his horse, & yede to ]7e fyre, & 
warmid him. Ande as he stode so, the forsaid waccheman) come to 
him, and askid what he did there, & what he was. & he saide, " I 
am a knyght.'* " Nay," quod he, '^ thow art a devil ; firste I caste 
pQ in the see, and that opere tyme I caste pe on) )>e water in a sakke, 
and the thirde tyme I caste the in pe fyr^, and yit I Fynde the hef 
"^iik thin horse 1 " he toke the knyght, & the hors, & caste hem 
hope in the fere ; & yede home, & tolde his sust^, and she yaf hiin 
goode salarye, & he went his wey. In the morow pes knyghtes weer' 
I-sought fro house to house, Ss non was I-founden, & pernor was 
made grete lamentacion). Aftir hit happid, pat ]7is olde knyght, pat 
slowe the knyghtc*, fel at stryf wit/t his wyf, in so muche pat he 
wolde have smetin) hir ; and when) she sawe pat, she cride wtt^ an 
hihe voyse, "A!" quod she, "wolt povi slee me, as pon didest the 
iij. knyghte*? nay, pou shalt lye." Jje peple, pat was pere present, 
marvayled pere of, and tolde it to the Emperoure; & bof wei* 
I-taken, bcU. the knyght & his wyf, and thei were compellid to sey 
ihe sothe, from pe begynnyng to the endyng afore the Emperoure, & 
to telle how thei kyllid pe i\j. knyghtea; and so at the last ])ei had 
a foule de|>e. 

' leaf 165, back, col 2. 



Deie frendeSy fia Emp^ronre is oure loide TbesvL Ciiat, fe wbiche 
oideynid for a law, fat wacchmeD), Bcil. prelaW & conf essourea^ owe 
to go abonte ))e cite of oure herte, puttyng awey vice^, and plontyng 
yertus. ))e olde knyght is this worlde^ the whiche hath weddid a 
wyf, aciL ]>e deville; and wel may the worlde be I-callid ]>e wyf 
of ]ye devil, for it is I-sette al in wikednesse. Kow ^]ye wyf, seil, pia 
worlde, singijye so swetly, pat ^ iij. knyghtea comithe to hit. by 
])e8 iij. knyghtes we yndirstonde pie kyndes of meii), scil, men ])at 
were afore pe adyent of Criste ; some in tyme of Crist ; & some aftir 
Criste; For in enery state of fee vj. many ben deceyyici by pQ 
worlde, Ss kyllid by the deyil, and spoylici of all hir goodor, 
sptrii^ely for to speken. What is pereioie to be do in ])is casf 
Certeynely, pat a waccheman, eeU, a p'date or a conf essoure, putte 
hem in the sakke of penaunce, to confessioxi) ; & first late him be 
caste into the water of oontricioii) ; aftir late be put aboute his necke 
a grete stone, sct7. pe yoke of penaunce, to confessiouu) ;' and aftir 
late him be caste in to the fyi' of pe loye of god, bcU. that he loye 
god aboye al thinges, with al his herte, & with al his soule. ]?e 
knyght, |)at Kidethe to the tumament, is a man Bedy to gete & to 
fonge yanytes of the worlde, & for to walke in peryll of synne ; and 
siche a man) most discende fro his hors of pryde, and not Only to 
stonde be-syde the tyre of the love of god, but to be cast pere in, 
BcU. pat he sette fully his hope in god, and not be dul in the feithe, 
ne wauere in the comayndemente^ of god. & yf he do thus, he 
shalle have a goode made, aciL a good Sentence in the day of dome, 
when he shalle here that shal be saide to him, Venite, beriedicti 
Patria nieif peTcipite regnum quod vohia paratum est ab origine 
mundi, This is to sey, Gomythe ye blessid childerin of my fadre, 
takithe the kyngdom)' |)at was ordeynid for yow fro the begynnynge 
of pe worlde. Ad qaod &c. 

^ leaf 166, ool. 1. 
* In the MS, dy negligenos of the toribe, two linei are here repeated, 

* kyDgdontf, MS. 



[ XXVI. ] 


(how a greyhound bayed a child from a serpent.) 

Cesar the Emp&roure was a wyse maxd Eeigninge in the cete of 
Eoome ; In whos Empire was a knyght, named folliculns, fe whiche 
knight louid ovier al thinges in the worJde lusting and tornement. 
& this knyght had a litle babe to sod), and no mo childerin ; & he 
ordeynid for fostering & noreshing of this childe i\j. norisis, BciL on) 
to wasshe his clothis, ano]7^e to fede or to pasture him wttA pappo, 
& pQ ]}irde to bringe him on) slope ^vriiJi songes & Bockynge^. Also 
this knyght^ lovid passantly fe grehounde, with the faucon), by- 
cause pat pel neuer faylid of theire pray comunly. Hit happid, fat 
this knyght made a tornement to be proclaymid to don), in a greene 
place ny to his castel ; & many come ther to. when pe day come, 
the knyght armid him, and yede forthe ; ])e lady, & al his meyne, 
and the norisse yede forthe also, & lefte ^e childe in the cradille ; 
}>e grehounde lay by a walle, and pe faycon) sat on) a perche. pere 
was in a certein) hole of the same castell a serpent I-bred & broute 
forthe, & had be }ere longe tyme ; and when this serpent harde so 
grete a noyse of peple goyng oute toward the tornement, she put oute 
hir hede at an hole, & sawe the chylde by him solve, she come 
oute, for to sle the childe; and when the faucon) sawe that, she 
made gret noyse with hir winges, and ]>ere wtt^ awoke ^e grehounde 
fro slepe, )>at the grehounde myght go & defende pe childe. Then 
the grehounde awakid, by stirynge of the faucones wynges, & shoke 
him selye, & be-helde pe serpent, and Ehan fersly to hir; Ss pe 
serpent was on) the on) side of the cradiH, & the grehounde on) the 
opere, for to defende the childe in ]7e cradeH. & pei foute sore to- 
geder, & ])e serpent boot pe grehonde greyously, fat he bled stronge ; 
and the grehounde Ban) woodly to ^e addt', & slowhe hir ; & so wi'tA 
hir fiting pe cradil ou^rtomid; but the cradiH had iiij. feet, that 
kepte the childes fase fro the grounde. & when the Grehounde ha'd 
I-elawe ))e serpent, he yede to his kenell, biside the walle, and likkid 
his wounde. And by that tyme the tornement was cessid & dooid 

> leaf 166, col. 2. ' k} nght, MS, 


The noiisshis come home; & when ^ei sawe the ciadifi I-tomid 
vpeodoune & ])e floi^ blody, & }q grehound blody, also thei trowecl 
fat the grehounde had slayne ])e childe; & ])erefor wtt/^oute 
taieynge, or thei wolde goo to the chylde, thei> seide^ "Qo we, fie 
awey, or we be dede ! " And as thei yede, ])e lady met wt tA hem, 
as she come fro the play ; & she askid of hem whi thei fledde ) & 
pei saide, '' wo is to yow & to ys, for ])e grehonnd, pot ye love so 
welle, ha])e slayne your sone, & lithe by the wdft al blody I " The 
lady fel downe on) a swoune, and saide, ** Alas ! is my Sonne dedel" 
And as she cried, ])e knyght come fro the tomement, and askid the 
cause of hir criinge. * j)enne sche saide, '* Wo is to yow & to me, for 
youi' grehounde hathe slayne youre sone ! " then ^ knight was 
halfe woode for wo ; he Enterid into the halle ; and [when] the 
grehounde sawe his lorde come, he aros, and as he myght, he made 
loye wtt^ his lorde, as he was wont to do. But the knyght anon) in 
his woodnesse, trowing the wordes of his wyf , drowe oute his swerde, 
and smote of his grehoundis hede ; and ]k> he yode to the craditt, & 
tumid hit vp with his honde, & saw his childe Safe & sounde^ and 
biside the cradell lay the saipent dede ; & by that he Tndirstodo, 
feet the grehounde had slayn) the serpent, for defens of the childe. 
And thexi) he cride wit^ an) hihe voyse, ** Alias ! alias I for at the 
wordes of my wyf I have slayne my gentil grehounde, fat failiJ 
neuer of his pray, and also savid the lyf of my childe ; ferefoie I 
woUe take penaunce." he brake his spei' in thre partes, & put his 
wyf in preson), and yede him selfe to the holy londe ; & fere he 
livid al his lyf e, & his son) helde his eritage ; & so he made a fayre 
ende with the worlde. 


Dere frendes, Jyis Emp^rour^ is the fadir of hevin) ; the knight 
in fe Empyi' is eche worldly man) fat^ lovithe tomementea & lust- 
ingetf, wyil. vanitees of the worlde. pe childe in fe cradil is a childe 
wasshe in baptisme ; fe ciadil hathe iig. feet, ^at the visage myght 
not touche the er^e ; so ^e contryte hert most have iiy. fete, that is 
to sey, iiij. cardinales vertutes, fat hit tovche not erthely thinges^ 

' the, MS. ' leaf 166, back, col. 1. ' |;at the worlde |>at^ MS. 


ne do no thing but that shulde be plesynge to gocF. pe Firste noriiBey 
that is sette ' to wasshe fe childe, is contricioo), the whiche wasshithe 
awey synne of man); & ])erefoi^ seithe Ajoahiose, Lacrime lavant 
delichan. Quod pudor est Confiteri^ % This is to sej, teris wasshithe 
synne that is shame to be shewict.' the seconnde noryse is confes- 
sionn), the whiche fedithe a man in goode werkes ; for as the body 
liuithe be kyndly mete, Eight so dothe the sovle by gostly mete. 
]?e ^irde norise, ^ai Eockithe the childe to slepe, is verey satisfaccion) 
for synnis, '^e whiche makithe a man) to Beste in en^lasting loye. 
The knyght yede to the tomement, bcU. as ofte as a man go^e to the 
lolytees of worldlye specxdacions, & hathe delectacion) in hem, in ^ai 
yai he is I-ocupiedl abonte ]ye worlde, & in ynlef ofi deeizis. Now ]>e 
childe, ^U. ^ sonle, is lefte by hit selfe wttAoute helpe ; for as )>e 
A-postel sei])e, Non potestU deo seruire ^ mamnume, fis is to seyne, 
ye mow not bothe serve god and the devil, or to the worlde or to 
the fleshe. ))e serpente in the hole is fe devil, pQ whiche en^ more 
go]}e abovte to seche whom he maye devoure, acil. to sle a sonle by 
dedely synne. pe Faacon) seynge this, makethe a flakeiyng wtt^ his 
wynges, — ^what is that? this faucon) is pi consiens, that hathe twoo 
wynges, to stire pe grehotmde of Reste ; oo wynge is hope to have 
outlasting loye, pai othir ^wynge is^ drede of euerlastinge payne ; & 
peid pe faucon), srtZ. consciens, makithe soiin,^ as ofte as he gracchithe 
ayens dedely synne ; & pereiore pe apostle seithe, Omne quod fit 
contra coMciendam, Edificat ad Jehennam^ % vt supra. And when 
the grehounde, sct^. Eeson), is styiid fro slepe of synne p&Si he fitithe 
wit^ pe serpent, in that paX it stirithe a man to goode. The serpent, 
BcU. ])e devil, woundi])e the grehounde, bcU, Kesoun), as ofte as he 
bryngithe a man) to live wilfully, & not by Eesoun) ; & so is ])e blode 
sperkelid aboute the cradil, when pai pe vertus, pe whiche thow toke 
in baptisme, be depressid & destroyed by the deviti ; & so ])e cradil 
of thin herte is tomid vpsodowne, set7. to the erthe. Neu0r])eles for 
pe foure fete, bcU, pe iiij. cardinal vertues, whiche a man Becevithe of 
god, a soule dieth^ not, bcU. is not dampnid, as longe as she dwellithe 
in the body ; & ^erefore seithe oure saveoure, If Noli mortem Peccatofia, 

> to sette, MS. ' shevid^, MS. * leaf 166, back, col. 2. 

^* wynges, M& ' ooun, MS. ' ' '* diel^th, MS. 

2XVn. HOWA KNIGHT SAVED HIS LIFB. STORT. ILiitL. T888| & Ji)i). 9066. 101 

9ei vt magis convertatur et^ tnuaty This is to s^e, I wol not the detiie 
of a Bjjmer^ but that he be conuertidy & live. The norisshes see^ & 
flee]^ BciL contricioii), confession), & satisfaccioii), acU. when a man) 
lithe in synne, and wol not be conndrtid to god. ))e grehonnde 
sleejye ))e serpent as ofte as Reeonne ou^roomithe the deyil, & corh 
Tertithe a man to god. The lady cryde^ & fel to gioonde, ^t is 
when a wiecchid soule toiiu])e 'to Er^y thingdtf^ & delicate^ of ^ 
worlde; & ^en) it criethe so hie, ])at the knyght, set?, fe man» 
diawi^' onte pe sweide of a frowaide wille, as ofte as he folowithe 
deHciousnes of the fleshe ; and then he aLeepe Beeon), pat sauid ^ 
soule ayensie pe serpent, so/. pQ deviL And Iwrefore, man), yf thow 
hast don) by instigacion) of pQ fleshe, do as did the knyght ; tume yp 
pe ciadil of thin herte by meritoiy werkes, & ])eii) pow shalt fynde 
)»i sonle saf, Ss bieke ])i spei^. acU. ]}i lyf, in i^. partiis, eeil, in 
piayng, fastinge, and a]mes ; & ^en) go to the hooly londe, aeU. paM 
is to sey, pe kyngdon) of hevyn), &c 

[ XXVII. ] 


Lampadius Beigned a wyse Emperonre in pe cite of Eome, and 
amonge al o]»ere thinge^ he was meisyfolle ; and for giete mercy he 
ordeynid for a lawe, pat yf ther wei' eny trespassonre ytake, & 
browte afore the Inge, ]Mtt conthe seye i^'. trewe talis, so trew that 
no man myght ayene-eeye hem, he shulde be Insavid, Ss have his 

^ Tt, MS. * leaf 167, ool. 1. * diAYlthe, MS. 


[Second Version. AddU. MS. 9066, leqf 54, back.] 

Lampadins reigned in the Citee of Bome, that was right mercifoH ; 
wherfore of* grete mercy he ordeyned a lawe, that who that were 
a man-sleer, a Ravenonr, an eveli doer, or a theef*, and were take, 
and brought before the domesman, yf he myght sey i\j. tronthes, so 
tnily that no man myght agayn)HRey hem, he shuld have his lyf*) 

102 XZVII. HOW A KNIGHT SAVED HIS LIFE. 8T0RT. HARL, 7333, &ilDD. 9066^ 

eritage. so ^ere was a knyght, named plebeas ; & this knight en- 
habitid in a woode, & Jyere he Eobbic) or slowhe al men) that 
travayledf by fat way. And when the lustice or the luge hard of 
him, he sente wacchemen) & spyeris to fecche him ; & anoon) he was 
I-take, & browte afoie )>e luge. & ]}enne saide ])e luge to him^ 
" dere frend, oujere thow most sey iij. trewe poynte^, fat shul be 
vnrepugnable, of^re elles fou shalt be dede." ]?eiD )>e knyght 
aynswerde, ''Sir," he saide, ''late silens be made, that men) may 
hei* what I shalle seye ; &, sir, I shalle fulfille the lawe." " Sirs," 
quod he, " this is my firste sothe worde, that ye know wel echone, 
yai I have ben) al my lyf a thef and a tiaytowr." " is that sofe % " 
seide the luge to of^e men ; " may ye argu ayenst hi?»1 " " Nay, 
sir," quod they, " for yf he had be noo trespassoure, he hadde not 
be I-browte hei* ; certeyne he myght not seye a trewer worde than 
this was," ]?enne saide ])e luge, "what is thi secounde point)" 
" Sir," quod he, " it is this, fat it is displesing to me that I come 
here." ^" Sothely," seide al men, "fat trowe we wel." "Sey fe 
thirde point," seide the luge, " & then f ou haste fulfillid the lawe, & 

» leaf 167, ool. 2. 

[Seemd Version. Addit M8. 9066.] 

witi^ ail his heritage. IF There fille a chaunce aftir, that a knyght 
whos name was Plebeus, wente^ to the wode, and aH' that come by 
the wode, he slough, or spoiled hem of all that thei hadden). IF Whan 
the lustice herd this, he sente spies for to take hym ; and whan he 
was take, he was brought before the lustice. than the lustice 
said to hym, " Frende, thou knowest the law ; sey i\j. trouthes, or 
els without doute thou shalt be hanged or I ete." IF The knyght said, 
" scilence, and I shall fulfille the law." whan scilence was made, 
the knyght said, "Frendes, the first trouthe is this, that I shall 
shew to you alle, that aH the tyme of my lyf" I have ben a theef*, a 
manqueller, and a Eavenour." Whan the domesman had herde this, 
he said to hem that stoden aboute, " is it sothe that he saith 9 " thei 
said, "yee, but yf he had ben) an eveU: doer, he shuld haue not 
ben brought hedir, and therfore it is sothe that he said." IF Than the 
domesman asked, " Which is the second trouthe 1 " he said, heryng 
all, " it displeaseth me mekeH, that ever I come hedir." the domes- 
man said, "forsothe we beleve the wele; telle vs now the third 
trouth, and thou hast fulfilled the law." IF he said, " the trouthe is 

> that went, MS. ' alk all^, M8. 


BaviiJ thi lyf." ''Forsofe/' quo^ he, "yf euer I may passe from) 
yow, I shalle neucr come her* ayene, withe goddis wille." Jjenne 
seide fe luge, " sothely, Jwu hast saide wel, and wel I-savi(J thi lyf ; 
goo perefor, & be a goode man, & trespasse no moi^, with thi 
wille, ayene the Emperoiir/* pQ knyght yede his wey, and made a 
faire Ende. 


Dere frendes, this Emperour is onre lorde Theau. crist, the 
whiche hathe ordeynid for lawe, fat euerye synner or Traytouie, fat 
is I-take thorow f e grace of goc^, and browte afoie a luge, acH. a 
discret confessouie, sey uj. sothefastnes, so trewe, fat no devil con 
sey^ ayene hem in fe day of dome ; fen) wtt^ oute dowte he shalle 
have eu^rlastynge lyf, wit^ the eritage ofif henin). The fuxste tiew 
worde is, & shalle be this, '' I am a thef, 6cil, lappid with swiche 
synne, and swiche a oryme, and I am) a grete synner." The 
seconnde is, ^' that it is displesing to me fat I have grevid god so 
mnche, for the whiche I am stressid to come hefere." And the 
thirde is, " fat if I may passe hens, by the wey of satisfaccion), I 

* oonaeyve, MS. 

[Second Version, Addit. MS. 9066.] 

^this I shaH shewe to you; And I myght ones scape, I shuld neuer 
come to this place agayne with my good wille." The doraysman), 
when) he herde this, seide, 'Hhou haste wisely fulfilled the lawe, 
and haste sauyd thy lyfe. Go now therefore, and from hensforwarde 
be a good man, and wil no more offende agaynes god ne the Emper- 
our,** then f e knyght wente, and Endid his life in pease. Beduccio. 
Frendea, this Emperowr is oure lorde Jhesvi Criste, that ordeyned 
this lawe, that Euery brekere of goddis ^race, that is, a synn^ that 
dothe dedly synne, shuld be brought before the domysmah), that is 
to say, a discrete confessour, and teUe to hym the trouthe, so trewe, 
that the sayeng* atte day of dome mow not be agayne-seide ; and 
tlian, with oute doute he shaH haue Euerlastyng* lyfe, with eA the 
heritage of the kyngdome of hevyii). The firate trouthe is, I am) a 
thefe, that is, I am) suche a synner, and wrappid and knytte in 
Buche syunes ; tellyng< hem oute to his gostly fadir. The seconde 
trouthe is, it displeasith me the waye of contncioii), that I haue so 
mekille offendid god, for the which I owe to come hiddere. The 
thrid is, that if I myght ones scape, be the waye of satisfaccion), I 

> leaf 65. 


shulde not then nou^ tome ayene to synne." Ancf yf ye do so, 
yriih outen dowte ye sliulle have euerlastynge lyf . Ad guam nos &c. 

[Second Version. Addit M8, 9066.] 

shaH neuer torne agayne to synne. And? if he do fis, with outyu) 
donte he shaA haue Euerlastyng* life, to the which brywg* vs that 
niercyf uH lorde JhesvL Criste ! Amen &c. 

[ xxvin. ] 



Evfemiantitf was a wise 'Emjyerour Eeignynge in the citee of Borne ; 
the whiche "Emperour ordeynic) a lawe, fat who so euar come to his 
yate, and gaf iij. strokes at the yate, and the porter openid the yate, 
he shulde come in to the Emp^otir, & have eny service fai he wolde 
aske. So fere was in that tyme a poi' man) in the citee, callid 
Gwido, ^and he thought in him selfe ])us, in a tyme, " I am poi^, and 
feretoie it is better fat I go to ])e Emperonre, & serve him, Jeanne for 
to dwelle hex* euer in poverte & sorow/* he come to the yate, and 
as lawe was, he yafe ig. strokes on) the yate. pe porter openid, & 
askid, whie he cnokked 1 '' For I canne serve my lorde," quod he. 
"peD> I shall brynge the afore him," seide the porter, when he 
was afore fe Emperoure, fe Emperoure seide to him, ** dere frende, 
what maner of service canst thow do?" "Sir," quod he, "I can 
serve yowe wtt^ fe beste in al maner of service ; and, sir, the first 
that I can do is, I can slepe when opere men) wakithe, & I cane wake 
when) o^ere men) slepe ; fe secounde is, that I can taste good drinke ; 
])e third ^ is, that I can bed men to mete ; ]7e f ourthe is, that I canne 
make a fire wit^ute smoke ; the y. is, I can teche men to the holy 
lond, so that thei shul go saf, & come saf." "J^es be]>e," qvod 
the Emperoui', ''goode & faii^ poynte^, & nedefiil to me; thow 
shalt abide here; I shalle make fe stiwarde of my house." & 
then he enclinid his hede, & thonkid him. And when Guide was 
sett in office; in the hote somer, when) alle men) lust Beste, he labourid 

* leaf 167, back, col 1. ' thir, MS. 


swyftly abovte, & purveide to the "Emperour al man^ of nedefufi 
necessarijs, fsA he spente in wjnter ; & when opere meii) labourid 
in wint^, pen he Seste, for he had labourid afore ; and thus he ful- 
fillid his service fyrst lehersid, Bcil. fat he couche wake when opere 
slepte, & slepe when opere men waked. And when the "Emperour 
harde tliis, that he had foMllid so welle & so wjsely [the first ser- 
vice], he callid to him his boteler, & seide to him, '^dere firende, 
gvido ^e stiwaid saide to me, that he cowthe wel taste gode drynke ; 
lat see; take vynegi', Ss wyn), & must^ & put hem to-ged^r in a 
cuppe, & ])enne we shulle hei^ what he shalle seye, when he hathe 
I-tastid it." ))e boteler did as the Emp^rour comaundid; and 
when Ouydo tasted pe drynke, he saide, *^ hit was gode, it is gode, 
& it shal be gode,*' tunl. vyneger was gode, & that is for fe preterit 
tyme ; wyn) is gode, & pat is for the presente tyme ; and muste shalle 
be gode, & that is for the future tyme. and when) the "Emperour 
hard this, he commendid ^e stiwarde ouer aUe his sanraunteff. then 
Bone aftirwarde [was] the day of the nativite of the Emp^rotfr ; & he 
clepid Gwido to him, & seyde, ^* dere frende, ])owe ^knowest wel pat 
pi thirde service is for to bid men) to mete ; and pere for go, and byd 
al my frendes in the Empyre, that thei Ete wtt/i me in the day of my 
byr]»e." Gwido went ouer* al ^e Empii', & he bad noon) of his 
£rendes, but al pe Enmyes of the Empire, so pat in the tyme of ^e 
feste, the halle was fillid with the Emperours Enmyes. when) the 
Emperour sawe this sight, he was hilie mevid in his spirits, and 
callid gwido, is saide, ''dei' frend, thow toldeste me that thow 
covdest bid men to mete, and hei^ thow hast I-bede al myn) enmyes, 
aryenste my precepte & wyl ; what canst poxi seye to this ? " " Sir," 
quo^ he, ''ye chargid me that I shulde bidde al your frendes to 
yoitr feste, but I have not I-do so, and why 1 for al-wey when your 
frendes come to yow, they wei* worshipfuUy Beseyvid, but so wei? not 
yowi' enmyes ; and ther fore I have bode hem to feste, that they may, 
by the goode feste & your good chei^, bicome youi^ frendes." And so 
it was or tyme pat pe feste was don), alle echoxi) wei' made his 
frendes. ]?enne pe Emperour seide, ''do now thi iiij. service." 
"yis, sir/' saide he. he gaderid a grete multitude of woode and 

' leaf 167, back, col. 2. * per, MS. 


«tik«, that were I-dried in Bomer "by fyi* & by sonne ; & "by vertu 
of hir drinesse he made a gret fire, wzt^oute smoke, & pat so clere, 
pat the Emperour anc) afi his f\rendes wei' warmid & commforti<l. 
Then ^ saide the Emperottr to him, ** do now thi v. service, bcU. teche 
men how they shul go to the holy lond ; for pen comithe mony to 
me^ anc) wolde leme to go thedir." Theii) seide he, ** sir, lat hem 
folow me to pe banke of the see." & knyte« & Squieris folowecF him 
to the see. And when he was persj he lokyd ahovte in the see, & 
saide to the peple, '' Sirs, se ye not ^at [I] see 1 '' '' what is that 1 " 
t[no^ they. '' lo I " he seide, " Rochis in pe see ; for in a Boche is a 
bryde, pe whiche is in a neste, and she hathe yij. briddis ; & as longe 
as ))at bridde dwellithe in hir nest, al the see is in tranqoilitee, pat 
who so euer gope pere by to the holy londe, he shalle in pes go & 
come ; but when) pe brid fleej^e oute a-wey, then al )»e see is I-troubelid, 
& yriUi oute dowte, yf any mail) goo^ ))enne, he shalle be dreynte ; & 
fcrefore lokithe welle, pat pe brid be in hir neste, when ye shul go." 
" how shulle we know," quod fey, " when) pe brydde is in hir neste, 
and when she is oute % " He aunswerd, and saide, fat she levithe 
neuer hir nest, but for this cause, "pere is," he seide, **tfinopere 
birde, hir enmye; & pat birde stodiethe & laborithe with al hir 
myght for to infecte hir nest, or hir eyren), to distroye hir & hirs ; 
& when she perseyvithe hir, she fleefe, & fen is al the see I-trowbelid." 
)?enne saide they, " how shulle we defende & lete that brid, fat is 
enmye to hir, that she come not to the neste V then seyde he, 
" pere is no thinge vndir hevin fat fat brid hatithe so muche as 
she dothe the blode of a lambe. For yf it wei' in the nest, or a-boute 
it, she dorste not come pere to." J>enne fei dide as Gwido seide 
to hem) ; & thei passid to the holy londe, & tumid a-yene wtVtoute 
hurting or disese. when fe 'Emperour harde telle howe wyslye he 
had fulfillid his services, he avauncyd him to hye dygnitee, and to 
grete woishipe. 


DEre Frendis ; this Emp^ronr is the Fadir of hevin ; the whiche 
made a law, that eche man) fat yaf i\]. strokes at the yate of f e 
palys, or of holy chirche, fen) the porter, Bcil. pe prest, sholde 
' f e, Ma * fene, MS. * leaf 168, ool. 1. 


opyi)). the iij. stroke bethe piajeie,^ almis, and fastyng; for with outeii) 
dowte, who so ener dotho thes i^'. he shalle entir the yate. And ferefov 
towching piayei* hit is I-wretyn) thus, Petite, et accipiatis, vt supra, 
and towching fastinge lerom) seithe thus, Tunc Est preclara aptid 
deum abstinencia, cum animua leiunat a culpa, ))i8 is to sey, hit is 
feyi' abstinaunce and fastynge to the sight of god, when a man) 
ahsteynithe firo synne ; also it is I-seide, ioeL ij. Cormertimini ad 
me, &C. be ye conuertid to me. And towchyng ahnes hit is 
I-seyde, Date elimosinam, ^ omnia munda sunt vohis, yevithe almes, 
and al that is clene shalle be yevid to yowe. Gwido knokkithe, for 
that he wolde mynysti^ to fe EmperoMr — how so ? Eche pore man, 
that comithe nakyd out of the wombe of his modir, comithe and 
knokithe at the yate of baptisme, & askithe baptime, in the whiche 
echon) of vs be-hotithe to do v. maner of services to god. the firste 
is to wake in goode werkes, when o]>ere men) slepithe in synne, & 
for to slepe, when) ofero men) wakithe, *as dothe thevis & mychers ; 
& so ye may in the som^, sci7. in \\& worlde, purvey for nedis of 
J)e soule ayenste wyntcr, soZ, fe day of dome. Jje secounde service 
IB to taste gode drinke. ]?e drynk is noute elle^ but passion) & 
penaunce ; & fere of seithe oure sauioure Jus, Potestis Ubere ' cali- 
cem quern Ego hibiturua^ sum, "May ye," seithe* Criste, " drynke* 
of the same cuppe that I shalle drynke of, acil, sufiff the passion) 
fat I shalle suffre. And ferefoi seide Gwido, It was good, bcU, pen- 
aunce in this worlde was gode to seintis, that bethe now glorious in 
hevin; It is good, bcH. it is gode that we do penaunce in this 
worlde for our synnes; hit shalle be gode, — ^how sol when) a man 
shaUe be glorified in body & in soule, in the day of dome. The 
thirde is to bidde men to mete, as Gwido bad alle enmyes ; aft^ 
the worde of oure saveoure, IT Non vent vocare iustos, sed peccatores 
ad penitendam, fis is to sey, I come not to calle Rightwysmen, but I 
come to clepe Synful men to penaxmce ; and ferefore eche of vs is 
bounder) for to shew and teche pe wey of helthe to synful men). 
The iiij. seruice is to make fyre wit^ oute smoke, that fire is not 
eVLes but that foM love god & py neyboui*, scz'Z. god aboue al thingc*, 

' but praere, MS. • leaf 168, col. 2. • postestis libere, MS. 
* Ubituros, MS. * BesiUie, MS. * dranke, MS. 


"With el pi sovle, and Yriih al thi mynde, and pi neyboure as thi 
selve, with oaies) smoke of envy or wiej^e. The t. is to teohe men) 
to the holye londe, bgU. pon muste teche or take the wey to hevene 
by the see of this worlde, for as the see Ebbithe & Flowithe^ so^ ]»e 
worlde is now Eiche, now pore, now hole, now seke. Eochis in the 
see is pe body of man) ; pe nest in the Eoch is the herte in the bodye ; 
the biydde in the nest is the holy goste, that dwellithe in the body 
of man ; the Y\j. chekenis ben pe y\j. werke^ of mercy. And dowtles 
as long as this brid, bcU, the holy gost, dwellithe in the nest of pe 
herte, as longe may the man) passe Eestfully by this worlde toward 
hevene ; but yf the holy gooste passe oute, & fle awey fro synne, 
pGD> is alle' the see, sce7. al the worlde, is trovbelid, & whi? for al 
that is in ^ worlde opere it is pride ^ of lyf, wrong covetise of yen) 
or wrong ^covetise of Fleshe. the brid that is enemy is pQ devil, the 
whiche enery day & in eche hour' is besy to enfecte the nest of the 
holy goste yrith dedly synne; & whenne hit is so, the holy gost 
levithe the, & then hit shali: be to the a perlewse case. And theiv 
for do as Guido did, spercle the blod of a lombe in thi nest, aciL 
have mynde of the passion) of Crist, that he sufferit for the ; & yf 
thow do so, the holy goste woUe holde his nest, that thow shalte 
wel go to the holy londe, scil. pe kyngdom) of hevene. Ad quod 

[ XXIX. ] 


(thb attributes of ood.) 

Mardonius was a wyse "Emperour Eegninge in the citee of Eome, 
yn the londe of whom) ther was a philesophet'y to whom) weei' 
I-putte iij. sonys of a grete kynge, to be enformid and tawte 
wel & wyselye. the philesophir gouemid hem, & tawte hem. Aftir- 
ward hir fadir wolde knowe by hem, whom they shulde mor' gladliche 
worshipe for hir god, whepere lubiter or mercury 1 then the firste 
Sonne atmswerde, & seide, that lubiter was a mytier & a streng^ 
god ]7an mercurya And then saide the fSsulir, ''power' or myght 
makithe not oo god bett^ than ajxopere, for power' but yf it be the 

> or, MS. " al, MS. ' previdtf, MS. * leaf 168, back;. ooL 1. 

ZXZ. THB HONBT IN THB TBEB. 8T0RT. HARL. 7d33| & ADDIT, 9066. 100 

better ysid, it may be cause of wickidnes." Then he askid of the 
Bocounde sone^ whom he wolc^ worahipe for his god 1 Ancl he saide 
"louem." "whil" quod the fadir. "for louew," seithe he, 
''hathe suche wisdom)." ])enne seide the fadir, ''sone,^ wisdom 
makithe not oo god bett^ than ano])6re, & whye f for hit be cause 
of wickidnes & of pryde." And then he askid the third eone, 
whom he wolde worschipe for his gode? And then he saide, 
" mercury." " whi 1 " " for he Ib benyngne & mcrcyfuL" " Sone," 
quod he, "pitee makithe not oo god better than anoj^ere, for it is 
not noyng to no maid. And ])erefore, dei' sonnes, yf fere be swiche 
on) that is bo])e myti, wyse, & gracious, he may wel be I-clepid god 
of goddis." And ^erefore thei made hem a ymage, fe whiche ^ei 
worshipid, as for hir god; & fei write in on arm, Voce, I calle; 
and in his brest^ Expeeto, I abyde; and in the secounde 'aimo, 
BemUto, I forgeve. & J^erefore by goode argument^ sithe that Criste 
is bo])e stronge, & wyse, and pacient, ts must worshipe him as for 
oure god, afore al goddes, & only love him, qm, est henedidua &c. 

[ XXX. ] 

(tHB man and THB HONET IN THB TRB& EARL. MS. 7888.) 

Pwas [was] an Emperoure Eeignyng in the citee of Bome, & 
a-mong al opere thinge^ he lovid wel huntinge. And as he Bode 
in a certen) tyme by a forest, he saw a man) Synne afore him, 
yriih al the myght of his bodye, & an vnycome Kynnynge af tir hinif 
wher thorowe the man was gretly a-dredde, that for fei^ he f elle in to a 

som, MS. * leaf 168, baok, ool. 2. 

[Second Vereian. Addit, MS. 9066, leqf 62.] 

[LV. ] 

It happenyd onys, that the ynicome f olowed a man, that fledde 
faste ; and fownde a tree, in the which were many f eyre appils ; 
and yndir the tre was a depe dyke, fuH of serpentes, todes, and 
othere Grepynge bestes ; and the rote of the tree gnawed ij. wormys, 
on white, anothere black, on this tree the man) wente, and fedde 
hym) with the appils, and had grete delite in the braunches and 


gret diche. neuer fe lea he toke holde by a tree, by tbe whiche he 
waD) oute ; & then he lokic) downe, & he saw at the fote of the tiee 
an hidowse pitte, and an) orible dragon) fere in, myning at the tree, 
and abyding wiVi an opin movthe when he shulc) falle ; & beside 
this dragon) were twoo bested, ^e ton) was white, the tofere was blak ; 
& fej gnowe at the Bote of the tree with alle theire myght, to 
throwe hit downe, in so muche that the wrecchid man) felte it wagge; 
& abowte the sydes of ]7e diche wef iiij. frogges sterting, the whiche 
wit£l hir yenemovse brethe envenemydf al the diche. He cast 7p his 
yen), and he saw a passage of hony f allyng fro braunche to brannche ; 
& he sette his herte so moche to this swete syght of hony, ])at he 
forgate that of ere pereH. So fere happid a frend of his go by the 
wey, & for he sawe him in so gret perille, he fet to him a laddir, 
that he myght come downe Safliche ; but he yaf him so muche to 
this swettnes, that he wolde not thens, but yete hony, and made 
him murye, & for-gate fe perillis. And wit^ in short tyme he felle 
downe in to the mow]7e of the dragon) ; and the dragon) yede downe 
in to the pitte, & deyourid him. 



Ere frendes, this Emp^oure is to vndirstond Crist Jhesn, fe 
whiche ou^ al ofer lovithe ^huntyng of soulis; & in his huntii;tg 

■ leaf 169, ool. 1. 

[Secaiid Vereion, Addit M8. 9066.] 

leuys ; but he toke no hede of the ij. wormy s gnawyng* the lote of 
the tree, that atte laste it felle, and wrechid man) feUe into the pitte. 
Be the vnicome is yndirstonde dethe, that no man) may with stonde ; 
and by the tree is yndirstondyo) the worlde, whose appils are 
delictable and dyuerse, the which be^ richesse, metes and drynkes, 
and fayre women, the braunchys and levys are fayre wordys and 
veyne pride, the ij. wormys are day and nyghf, that att thing" in 
processe of tyme consumen), and bryngeu) to nought*. But wolde 
god, that wrechid man), that sitteth ypoo) this tree, and hathe 
delite in thes apptls, braunchys, and levys, sauered and vndir- 
stode, and ordeyned for his laste Ende ! wherfore Salamon) 
seithe, eone, haue in mynde the* laste Ende, and thou shalte neuere 
synne, &c. 

» by, MS. • on tho, MS. 

ZZXI. THB ENCHANTED GARDEN. STOBT. ff^AL. 7888> & .iJDDiT. 9066. Ill 

he be-holdith a man, acil. pnuitees of the herte. ]>e man that flethe 
is a syim^ ; the vnycorue is the dede^ whiche that eu^ f olowithe the 
man, for to kylle him, as it is I-seyde, 2^ Hegum. Onmes morimur, 
AUe we dye. this diche' is the worlde ; the tree in the diche is 
the lyfe' of man in the worlde, the whiche lyf bethe )>e ij. trees blak 
& white, Bcil. ij. tymes nyght & day Roggyd downe & consomyd the 
tree. f)e place wher comithe oute iiij. frogges is the body of man, 
froo the whiche comithe^ iig. qualites of humours, by the whiche 
iiy. sett to-geder inordinately, ])e ymage [of] )>e body is di88olui(). the 
dragon) is the devil ; the pitte is helle ; )>e swetnesse is delectacion) 
in synne, by the wiche a man is I-blent, that he may not be-holde 
hye perilis; the £ren<) that Eechithe the laddir is Criste, or a 
prechoure, that precbithe in the name of Criste ; the ladder^ is pen- 
aunce. AncI when a man delayithe for to take that laddei', For 
delectacion) ])at [he] bathe in the worlde ofte tyme, he Eallithe 
sodenlye in to the movthe of )>e deville, bcU, that is to sey, in to his 
powei' in hdi, wher the devil devouiithe him ; of whiche devovringe 
is none hope ne troste to padse, [as] hit is I-seyde in the salme,^ Spea 
impiorum peiribit, )>is is to seye, the hope or the truste of wickid 
men slu^ perisshe. Idea studeamus &c. 

[ XXXL ] 

(of the enchanted garden. BABL. MS. 7838.) 

GArdinns was a wyse Emp^roure in the citee of Eome, and had 
grete possession) ; and he had a faire gloriovs dowter, named 
Eulopia ; he had also a faire gardin), that he lovid mnche. And 

> a, MS. ' dethe, MS. ' lyst, MS. * oomyng, MS. 

* sample, MS. 

[Second Version. Addit. MS. 9066, lea/61f hack.] 

[ XXXVII. ] 

Sardonins reigned ^in the Citee of Eome,^ that had a^ donghtir, 
that bight Eulopia, that was right faire, and gracious to mannes 
sight ; also he had a faire yerde, that he meketi loved, wherfore 

* Om. • 0. 


many come to wowe thia Faire damiselle, to have hir to wyf, but as 
mony as come for tliat mat^, thei shulde go into that gaidin, or that 
thei shulde speke ony ^eorde of that matar ; but as mony as enterid 
in, they come neuer oute ageyne, ne non) of hir ficendes myght know 
where they bicome. Among al o])ir ])er was a knyght of grete name 
dwellynge in fer contrees, Ss his name was tirius ; & he ^thought to 
him selfe, ''how may this be, that manye gothe to the "Emperour, 
for to have his dowter, & entrithe in to his gardine, but ther is non) 
that comithe oute ayenef wit^oute dowte I shalle goo thedir, & 
know this merveilous cas." he yede to the palys, & then he was 
woishipefully Eeceyuid; and aftir mete, the knyght spake to the 
"Emperour, and saide, ''sir, my lorde, many' men speke of the faire- 
nesse of }j dowtar, that )>6re nys non) in al the erthe that berithe 
Swiche a name, and )>6rf or, sir, I am come to yow ; yf it wei' 
likynge to yowe, I wolde have hir to wy£" then) saide the Em- 
perouvy " ye knowe the lawe & costom) of )>is palis. I have hei' a 
faire gardine, and who so Euer shalle speke of that mater, he most 

> leaf 169, col. 2. ' may, MS. 

[Second Version. Addit. MS. 9066.] 

many noble men come forto have his doughtir to wyf, for her fair- 
nesse and gentilenesse ; and a3i that come, must go into the-^ yerde, 
before he shuld wedde the doughtir. IT But a3i that went into the 
yerde, come never out, ne no man wist where thei become. IT There 
was that tyme a famous knyght of ferre countre, that hight Tirius, 
that thought wit^ in hym ^self, " how may this be, that so many 
^ben) that' gone to the Emperours paleys, for to haue his doughtir, 
and aH that gone into the yerde ^ are never seen after I with oute 
doute I shaH go to the paleys," The knyght said, "[and^] I shall 
assaye that m^T^aile." IT The knyght went to the paleys, and was 
worshipfully resceived ; and whan mete^ was done, he said to the 
Emperour, " My reuerent lord, many men speken) mekell' of* the 
fairenesse of your doughtir, and of her goodnesse, and that she is so 
semly, for there is none like her in erthe ; and therf ore I am come to 
you, and* yf it liked to® youre reuerent dignyte, forto have her to 
wyf*." IT The Emperour said, " Frende, 'is it knowen)^^ to you the 
law of the paleys 1 I haue a faire gardeyn), and he that wille haue 

* that ' leaf 52. ' Om. * gardene. 

* Sttpplied from C. which omitt I shalle. * the mete. ' Om. 

* that. * Om, *^ it is ought kuow. 

XXXI. THJ5 ENCHANTED GARDEN. 8T0RT. HARL. 7333, & ADDIT. 9066. 1 1 3 

fiiste go in to )>at gardine." " Sere," quo<J the knyght, " this likitfi 
me wel ; nener the les I volde first aske of yow a bone, scil. that I 
myght have a syght of your dowter, and spelK with hir a fewe 
wordes." " I graunte," quod the Emperoui*. so the knyght enterid 
into the Chaumbre of the damiselle, and salude hii reuerently ; and 
when he had sen the grete fairhede of hir, he n^arvayUd, ^ saide, 
" pon gentil damiseH, helpe me nowe at this tyme, for I am come 
from fer contree for thi love, but mony have come a-fore me to 
have the to wyf, and aftir that thei enterid the gardin, )>ey wei' 
neuer seiie aft^ that thei enterid ; and ther fore I beseche yowe of 
counseiH & of helpe in this cas, that I may safly Entir in to the 
gardin), & passe oute ayene, with onten periH or harme." ]:)eD) seide 
she to him, " sir, ])ow art come hvedir for me. I am she that is Eedy 
to be couplid^ with eny maii), that my fadir wolle yeve m0 to ; neu^r 
the les )>ou askist heei' of me an hard thi^ig, ecU. for to pa^se the 
gardyn) with oute periH, and ferefoie X shall yeve ]>e counseiH. 

* oompilide, MS. 

[Second Ver»i<m. Addit. MS. 9066.] 

my dough tir, he^ must go first iuto my gardeyn), or that^ he wedde 
her." The knyght said, 'Hhis liketh me wele; but, lord> first X 
wold' aske you^ a peticioh), that I myght ones se th^ maiden), and 
speke with her a few wordes," IF The En^perour said, " I grauut you 
youi* peticion)." The knyght went into the Chambre, to the maiden) ; 
and whan he saw her, he Vas a-maryailed'^ of her fairenesse ; and 
cuitesly he saluted her, and said, IT " 1 goode maiden), help me 
now at this tyme, for your reuerenpe ; for I am coipe fro ferr^ 
countrees. but many before me haue come, foT to h^ue you to 
wyf<, IF But first, aftir the statute of the paleys, thei wenten) into the 
gardeyn), and never aftir were thei seen. Therfore, yf it liked you, 
I aske of you counsaile and help in this partie, th^t I may gone® into 
the gardeyn) suerly, and with outen harme, and pome put" IT Tlie 
maiden) said, " my ^ dere frend, ye are welpome to me, apd redy I 
am in att thyng to ^obeye to® ipy Fadirs wille, for to yeve me to 
whom he wille. and ye aske me an harde thyng, to delyuere you 
from* perile of the gardeyn), and for to ascape^® it, that I may not 
do ; But I shaH yeve you an holsome counsaile. IF here nere hand is 
a forest, in the whiche dwelleth a faire lady, the whiche is callecl 

' Om, ' Om, • wole. * of yon. • inerveylyd. • go, famm, 
' Om^ ' be at • fro the. '* Bcsipe. 

GEflTA. ^ 



heei' be^ydes is a foreste, in the vhiche is a passing feiie ladye, the 
"whiche is callid the lady ofif solace ; And ferefoT go to )>is ladye, & 
she shali yeve the goode Kemedie in this cas. the knight went to 
the foieste,.& eride, & seide, " wher is the lady of solace f" & he 
lokid afer, & )>6re he sawe a fail' place ; and thidir he went, & set 
him downe in the myddis fereof. And as he was ther sitting, ther 
come two faire lad\js ; & oh) had a bason in hir honde, and ye toj^^re 
a ^towaile; and saide to him, ^'gode sir, the ladye of solace sent 
vs to yow, )>at ye fiist wasshe youre fete, and then go yfiih vs to 
hii' palys." that knight wisshe his fete in the basyn, and afbir 
wipte hem wttA the towayle, and yede witA the damiselle^ to the palys 
of the lady. And when he was )>ere, he hadde grete marvayle in 
the werke of ^ palyse, for he sawe neu^ place a-fore so sotil ne so 
coiionse. And when he sawe the ladye, he wouderid hilye of hir 
faimesse, in so muche that his hert Eanne into hir love. And 
then when) he had saide his eronde, that he come for, she answeid 

> leaf 169, back, col. 1. 

[Second Version. Addit. MS, 9066.] 

the lady of solace, in ^as moche as^ she granntetti and yeveth to 
every man that is desolate an holsome counsaile in his nede, and 
solace. Go therfore to this forest, and of the lady of solace aske 
remedie of your peticion), and ye shntt fynde comfort." The knyght 
herd this, and went into the Forest, Criyng 'and saying,* " where is 
the lady of solace T' he loked aferre,' and saw a faire place and 
a lykyng j and went thedir, and sette ^hym downe in the myddee. 
and while he satte so, came in ij. faire maidens, of the whiche one 
had a faire basyn), with watir, the^ other maiden) had a towayle; 
and said to the knyght, IT " ! goode sir, the lady of solace, lady of 
this forest, sent vs to you, that ye shuld first wassh your fete, and 
than shutt ye gone withe vs to the paleys of the lady of solace." 
the knyght wasshed his fete in the basyn), and wyped hem witK 
the towtole, and went wttA the maidens to the paleys ; and whan he 
entred,^ he mervailed gretly^ of the werlC of the place, that is^ so 
noble and soteH, for he had never seen none so precious, and 
whan he saw the lady, he mervailed of her fairenesse ; wherfore he 
was ravisshed in her love, and said his erand. IT Than the lady said 
to hym, '' Frend, I am called the lady of solace, in that I socoure 

' also mych that ' Om. ' Om. * leaf 52, back. * that. 
• had entred. '' Oin. ■ it was. 


ayene, & saide, "Dei* frende, I am callicJ the lady of solace, 
because^ that I hclpe & socoz^r manye in hir nede ; and, sir, thow 
arte welcom) to me, anci I shalle fulfille thin askynge. take of me 
hei' a clewe of threde, & what tyme that thowe shalt entre the 
gardyn) of the Emperour, bynde at the entering in of the gardin) the 
begynnynge of the clewe, & holde eoermoi' the Remnavnt of the 
clewe in thin honde, & so go forthe into the gardyn) by lyne ; For 
yf thow lese the Eemnaunt, y[o]\x shalt neuer fynde oute-goynge how 
thow shalt come oute ayene. Also fere is a passynge woode lyoune, 
ye whiche hathe slayne alle ])at havithe I-come afore ])e, and! pereior 
thowe moste be y-armed, and thin armure must be anoyntid wit^ 
goode onymenteff ; and then ))owe moste nedis fight with pe lioune, 
af tir tyme pat pou be enterid in to the gardin ; & what tyme pat 
yoxL shalt be ny depressid, & ouercome by him, asundr* the fro him ; 
For when the lion) shalle see the, he shal come, and in his mouthe 
take thi arme, or thi legge ; and then yf thin armure be wel anoyntid, 
then the Oynemente« shal lose his tethe, In so muche that he shalle 
not mow fight ayenste the lenger ; and then drawe out thi swerde, 

* b cause, MS. 

[Second Version, Addit MS. 9066.] 

ail that be desolate, in her^ nede; and therfore thou art welcome, 
and I shall futi-fille thi peticion). IT Have here of me a clew of 
threde ; and whan thou entrest the gardeyn) of the Emp^rour, 
bynde atte^ entre of the dore^ the begynnyng of the clew, and 
alway hold the clew in thi hand, and so shalt thou go by the threde 
into the gardeyn), as by a lyne. and in what houre thou lesest the 
threde of the clew, thou shalt not fynde the goyng out of the 
gardeyn), but by a felle lyon) thou shalt lose thi lyf ; and so did alt 
before the. IF But thou must arme the, and ^thi armour^ must be 
anoynted with an oynement most able for this skille, for nedes 
thou must fight with the lyou), after thou art entred into the 
gardeyn). and whan thou art gretly oppressed^ in the bataile, go 
fro hym ; and whan the lyou) se® that, with his tethe he shaH take 
thyn) arme,^ or thi fote ; and yf thyn) armour be wele anoynted 
*with the oynement, it shaH confounde his tethe, in so mekeH that 
he shaH not* fight ayenst the no* more. IF Than draw^® thi swerd 

' ther. ' at the. ' dore with in. * thyn armea. 

• by the lyone oppreiwyd. • sethe. ^ armour, MS. " not mow to. 

• Chn. '® But drawe out. 


& sle him. An() euer holde the clew of thi threde in thin honde, 
for aftir that foxi hast slayne )>e lioune, )>er shul come iij. men), the 
whiche men shul brynge the oute of pe wey, yf that thei mowe. 
AncI therfore take goode hede, & be welle wai' of hem, aiu) yf thow 
be in grete diede, calle to me, & I shaH socoure )>e, but yf the moi' 
defavte ^be in thi selfe/* when the knyght^ harde this, he was 
iocaunt & murye ; he yede to the Emp^rot^, Ss seide he wolde do 
the lawe of the palys. ** Wei mot it be with fe ! " quoci pe Em- 
^perour. the knyght armid him, an^ a-noyntid his annui^; an(l 
when) he was at that gate of the gardyne, he toke oute the clewe of 
threde, & bond it strongly' to the doi' ; and so he yede forthe, as by 
lyne. when the lion) had sight o^ hem, he Eah) to him with a 
cruell enforsynge, but the knyght wtt^ al his myght stode ayensto 
him, & fovght ; and wheii) he was wery of fitinge, & bigan for to 
tome fro the liounewaide, anon) the liox]) come, and toke his arme 
in his tethe, wher thorowe his tethe were lost, in so mnche fat he 
> leaf 169, baek, col. 2. * knyth, Ma ^ stongly, MS. 

[Second Version. Addit. MS. 9066.] 

and slee the lyon). in aH this way^ hold wele' the clew of threde 
wit& the ; and after the detbe of the lyon), thou shalt fynde iij. men, 
that shall lede the out of the way,' yf thei mow; and therfore 
beware diligently of tlieire^ sleightes. and yf thou be in grete nede, 
crie to me, and I shall socoure the, but yi there be any^ more 
defaute in® thi side." IT whan the knyght herd^ tliis, he was right 
glad, and went to the Emp^our, and nrolered hym self^ to go into the 
gardeyh). the Emp«rour said, " that liketh^ me wele." The knyght 
armed hym, and auoyuted his armour* •with the oynement;^®^^ 
and whan he come at the entre of the gardeyn), he toke out^^ the 
clewe of thred out of his pui-se, and bounde it fast into^' the dore 
and went forthe, as by a** lyne* in to the gardeyn). and whan the 
lyon) saw hym, with aH his myght he come to the knyght ; and in 
as^^ mekell as he^® myght, he with-stode hym ; And whan he was 
wery of fightyng, he wtt/idrew hym a liteti fro the lyon). and 
anon) the lyon toke hym by the arme, wherfore his tethe of the 

* alway. • Om, • right way. * her. • Om. • on, 
' bad herd. • lykes. • leaf 63. *® anoyntment, 
" Ths tchole of the poMioge between the asterisks (see p. 115) has been 
written inadvertently twice over in the MS. with eereral variatwne^ which 
in some inetanoee^ agree with the readings in the Cambridge MS, 
»* Om. *» at. » Oin. » also. "• thei, MS. 


injght not helpe him selfe. when the knyght p^rceyyid this, he 
diow oute his sweide, & smot at ])e lioune "with al his myght ; & )>e 
more that the lioane sette his tethe or his clawis in ])e knyght, the 
moi' he loste him selfe ; and so at the laste the knyght smot of *hi6 
hede, and yede forthe ; & he loyed so moche of *^ the dethe of ))is 
lioune, that he loste the clewe of threde. And as he wolde have 
gon) oute of the gardyid, to wed the douter of the Emperoure, he 
sawe vij. trees ful of levis, & fistire in syght And^ ther he tarijd, 
and ete of the firewte, and gaderid so muche, fat he myght not hef 
hit awey ; and then i^. men) come, and browte him owte of the hye 
weye, and there he fel downe in to a depe diche, uad ther he was 
nye dreynte, for gret weyte of his burdon). And then) the knyght, 
seynge that he was nye dede, he cride with an hihe voyse, *' ! 
lady of solace, I be-seche pe of socoui', in my grete nede that I am 
no we in I " And anon) the lady come ny, & saide, '' A ! wrecche, 
ne seide I not to the, that yf thow lostist thi clew, ))ou shuldest not 
fynde out-goyng ayene ? loo ! I shaU helpe the oute of this diche ; 

' WoriU between asteriaks repeated in Af£L * A, MS. 

■ ■ ■ ■ 

[Second Version. Addit MS. 9066.] 

oynement were so giewed, in so mekeH that he myght not helpe 
hym self. IF Whan the knyght perseived this, he drew his swerd, 
and witli aH his myght he went to the lyon) ; and the more the lyoid 
with his tethe and with his clawes touched the^ armoujf, the lesse 
he myght help hym self*, for the oynement. the knyght perseived 
this, and smote of the lyons hede, and went away ho hym ; and 
was so glad of the victorie of the lyon), that he lost the clewe of 
threde, and wold have gone out of the gardeyn), for to^ ^have 
wedded 2 the Emp^rours doughtir. IT And as he went he saw vij. 
trees, fiill of faire leves, that were delectable^ to the^ sight ; and he 
gadred so many braunches of ^ frute of the trees, that he myght not' 
here hem. Than come iij. men to hym, and* ledde hym out of the 
right way ; and in the goyng out of the gardeyn), he fille in a depe 
pitte, and was nye drowned, for gretnesse of his burthyii),'^ and so® 
he shuld haue perisshed; and cried with an hie voice, and seid, 
IT " Alias !* lady of solace, help me now in this grete nede ! ** anon) 
the lady was with^® hym, and seid, "O ! thou wrecche, *I said^^ to 
the, that yf thou lost the dewe of threde, thou sholdest never fynde 

' his. ' wedde. ' delitable. * Ofn. * of the. * that 
' hurdoae. " saw. ' AJ *® at " eaydeluot 


& go then, and seche in the gaidyn) for )>e clewe, til )k)u have 
foundyn it ayene." & so she vaneshid aweye. Then when the 
knight was thus deliu&rid out of the diche, he yede ahowte in the 
gardin, and soute the clewe, & fonde it ; and thau) he was I-Lad by 
the threde to ])e dore ^of ])e gardine ayene, and yede to the Em- 
pero?ir. when) the Emperoure sawe him, he yaf to him his dowter 
to wyfe, he-cause that he had so wysely ascapid the peril of the 
gardin) ; and the knyght lad hir home to his owne contre, & endid 
faire his lyf. 


DEre sirs, this Emperowr is Crist ; f e fair* doutcr ys the Euerlast- 
ing lyf in loye, fe whiche many desirithe, hut few laborithe in 
Effecte to have it ; and ther-for seithe oure saveour, in the gos- 
pett, Multi sunt voeati, pauci vero electi, This is to sey, many bethe 
I-clupid, but fewe I-chose. But yf ony wolle have this lyfe, he must 
furste Entre the gardyn) of this worlde, and fight ^ere ayenste ];e 
lion), BciL the deuel, and ouercome him. Many enterithe, Bcil as 
mony as bethe borne, but fewe fyndithe oute-goyng ayene, — & why ? 

' leaf 170, col. 1. 

[Second Version. Addit MS. 9066.] 

the goyng out of the gardeyn)? ^Lo ! yit I shaH left the out of the 
pitte ; and go seke the^ gardeyn), tille thou haue founde the threde, 
and than anon) thou shalt fynde the goyng out." Whan this was 
said, the lady was out of his sight. IT The knyght, whan he saw that 
he was delyu<»/'ed out of the pitte, he went about the gardeyn), *and 
sought,^ and founde the Clewe of threde, and went by the threde tille 
he come at the dore of the gardeyn), [where he bond the threde ; and 
went out of the gardene,*] and went to the Empcrour. IF And whan 
the Emperour sawe this,* he yaf" his doughtir to hym to wyf*, by 
cause he had wisely ascaped^ the travaile. The knyght than lad 
his wyf to his owne countre, and ended his lyf in pease. 

[Deolaraoic] Frendes, this Emperour is our lord JhesM crist. 
The fuire doughtir is the blissed lyf, that is, everlastyng loye, that 
many desiren). IF But he that wille haue this doughter, first he must 
entre into the gardeyn) of this world, and fight agayn) the lyon), 
that is, the devett, and oucr-come hym ; but many entren), for aH 

* leaf 53, I ftck. ' In the. ' to seke. * Snpjfli^d froin C. 

* hym. * ecaped. 


for they be])e slayne in bit by dedely synne. and ^erefor, yf tbow 
wolte be sekir, do as did the knyght ; entre into the forest, aeil. ynto 
the holy chirche, and cry fere to the kdy of solace, scil. the 
glorious yirgine marye, fe moder of god, the whiehe that is com- 
forte of al that bethe* desolate, in her nede, that wol connerte to 
hir. The two damisett, that oomythe wttA basyng & towayle, ben 
the twoo yertaes of the glorious yirgine, ocH. lownesse & charite, at 
the connseiH of whome thow most wasshe )>i fete, Bcil, to pntte 
fleshely affeccions in the bason^of holy doctrine, and to make ^e 
clene with the towayle of absolucion) ; & so ^w shalt fynde the 
lady of solace, by whom) thow shalt fynde the Remedye. .The dewe 
of thied is the lawe of god, by the whiehe a threde gotho oute, 
BcU, J» yij. sacramente« of holy chirch; and feretoie when thow 
shalt come firste in to the gardyng* of this worlde, bynde' )>e ])red in 
baptyme, when) thow forsakist the deyil, & al his bostys, & pompis, 
& byndithe the to god ; & so )>oa most goo f orthe in to the worlde, 
acU. by lyne. for fro baptim Jk)u most passe forJ>e by confirmacioii), 
and so forthe by o^ere sacramente^, & wtt^ oute ^dowte, yf fon lose 
» betbe not, MS. • kyndo, MS. » leaf 170, col. 2. 

[Second Version, Addit MS, 9066.] 

that are bom) entren) into the gardeyii) of this world, but fewe 
fynde the comyng out, by cause thei are first slayu) by dedoly 
synne. IF And yf thou wilte be siker, do as the knyght did, that come 
fro ferre countrees ; Go into the forest, that is, holy chirche^ and crie 
fbr the lady of solace, that is, the blissed yirgyn) marie, that is 
conforture of alls desolate, in every nede ; IT For he that tumeth hym 
to her with a pure hart, she is redy for to help hym. IT The two 
maidens, with the basyn) and the towaile, are mekenesse and 
charitee, that are ij. maidens of the glorious yirgyu), by whos 
counsaile thou shalt wassh thi fete, that is, to put away flesshly 
afiEsccions in the basyh) of holy doctryne, and make the white and 
clene with the towaile, that is, with the benefice of absolucios) ; and 
so shalt thou fynde the lady of solace, by the whiehe thou shalt 
fynde remedie. IF The clewe of threde is the lawe of god, of the 
whiehe goth out the threde, that ben the vij. sacramentes of holy 
chirche. Therfore [whan first] thou entrest into the gardeyii) of this 
world, bynd fast tne threde m the baptyme, whan thou forsakest 
the devett and aH his pride, and bynd the alone to god, to be his 
servaunte ; and so thou must go into the world, first by baptyme, 
the second by confirmacioo), the third by confe8s<ion), and so uf the 


this course, bcU. goyng by lyne of sacramente^, certeinly J>ow shalt 
not fynde no goode passage oute, Quia mora peccatorum pettsiina, Jis 
is to sey, Jjere is no thinge worse J>ari) the dethe of synneres. Also 
Jjou most be armec) ayenste the lioune, Bcil, J>e devil ; the armoi' fat 
thow shuldest have ben the vij. werkis of mercy ; the Oynement, 
that shendithe the tethe of J>e lioune, is almis-dede, for as the Pwfet 
seithe, Skut aqtta Extinguit ignem^ ita Elemosina Exiinguit pecca- 
tum^ f is is to sey, As water quenchithe fyr, so almisdede quenchithe 
synne ; the whiche almes-dede is most confVisioid to the devil. And 
))erefore, yf Jwu arme )« J)us, ))ow shalt smyte of the hede of the 
dovil, sci7. Jjow shalt put a-wey his power*. Aftir this fe knyght 
eawe vij. trees. wiL Je vij. dedly synnes, of the whiche a wrecchid 
man) takithe ofte tyme so muche, that he may not Eise, ne belf it out 
to Receyve ])e gmce of godf ; but then comithe i\j. men), that bethe 
kepers of this gardin), ^il. ])e Fleshe, the worlde, <& the devil ; and 
they encomberithe a maii), thorow diuersite of synnys, eu6r til tyme 
that the soule passe fro the body, and then he is a-dreynte in the 
j)itte of helle by gretnesse & wyte of synnys. And ther-fore, yf 

\Ser^nd Veminn. Addit MS, 90GG.] 

other sacramentes. and with out doute and thou lose this, thou 
slialt be in grete perile, and no good goyng ^out thou shalt fyude ; 
for dethe of synners is worst. IF Also the behoueth to be armed 
agayn) the lyon) with the armour of cristen man, Tliat is, the vij. 
werkes of mercy. IT The oynement, fat confoundeth the tethe of the 
lyob), is aimesdede ; !^or as the prophete seith, as watir sleketh fire, 
80 alraesdede sleketh synne ; the whiche is most confusion) of the 
devett. And yf thou arme the thus, thou maist smyte of the devels 
liede, that is, his power of noying. IF Aftir this the knyght sawe vij. 
delectable trees to loke on, the whiche betoken) the vij. dedely synnes, 
of the which ofte si the wrecched man gadreth so grete a burthen), 
that he may not here it, ne lifte it, that is, of his synnes, ne go fro 
grace to grace. IT Than come iij. kepers of this gardeyn), that are 
iij. enemy es, that is, the flessh, the world, and the fende. thise 
bryngeth a man in many synnes, and maketh hym to dwelle ther in, 
vnto the goyng out of« the gardeyn), that is, vnto the goying out of 
the soule fro the body ; than is it drowned in the pitte of helle, 
for the gretnesse of the burthon) of his synnes. ^ Therfore thou 

' leaf 54. 


the wiecchid man) be in p^reH, & oaercome wit^ sjnnys, late \Am 
ciye to the lady of solace, 8ci7. the blessici lady mary, & then) late 
him seche the clewe of ihiede, 8ci7. vertuys, Jje whiche he be-hite in 
baptyme, & loste by synne; and thenne wit// oute doute, he shal 
fynde the vertus, &, fynde passages, so that Criste, the Emperoure, 
shal yeve to him to wive his fail* dowter, ecil, euerlasting lyf, in loye 
perpetueH. Ad quam not &c 

[ XXXIL ] 

(how a poor man beat the emperor's daughter in running. 

HARL, MS, 7333.) 

Pompeius was a wyse Emperoure Eeignyng in the cite of Eome> 
the wiche hac^ a faire dowter, namec) Aglaes, and she had ij. ver*- 
tues ouer al opere maydens ; pe fyrst was, she was faire in face, 
& plesauut to ])e ye of mei]} ; the secounde was, sche was so wyght of 

[Second Verfion. Addit. MS, 9066.] 

wrecched man, yf thou be in suche perile, crie fast to oar lady of 
solas, that is, to the blissed virgyn) marie, that is more redy to 
help synfuH men and women out of the pitte of synne than thei are 
for to crie to her ; for she is so good, and so f ulle of me7*cy, that she 
woli leve none vnholpen) that crielh to her hertly, and is in wille 
to leve synne. IT And seke also diligently the clewe of threde, that is, 
the vertues the whiche thou behitest god in thi baptyme, the whiche 
by synne thou hast lost ; and with out doute, yf thou fynde the 
vertues, thou shalt haue a good goyng out of the world, [and] 
whan thi soule shali go out of thi body, than shall it go to the blisse 
of heven). To the whiche bryng vs our lord Iha^u crist, that 
for loue of mannes soule wolde suifre his bitter passion), thurgh the 
praier of his dirworthe modir, and of all seyntes in blisse I Amen. 

[ VI. leaf 12, back. ] 

POmpeius reigned in Rome, that had a faire doughtir, that hight*^ 
Aglaes. This doughtir had ij. vertues passyng aH other ^ women 
of his Empire. The first was, she was faire and gracious to aH 
fulke ; The second was, she was swiftest in rynoyng, that no man my ght 

' high^ US, • Om. 

122 XZXIT. HOW A FOOT RACE WAS WON. 8T0RT. HARL. 7383, & ADD. 9066. 

fote, that no mai]) myght Eynne vfitk hire by a giete $>pace, but that 
she wolde come to the marke ^longe afore him. when the Emperotir 
sawe thee twoo vertues in his dowtar, he enioye<l and was glad in al 
his herte ; and he made a proclamacion) in al that londe, that who 
so euer wolde rin wi'tA his dowter, and come to the marke afore hir, 
he shulde wed hir with goodis infinite ; and yf ther wei* eny, pat 
wolde profre him selfe to Rinne wi't^ hir, & myght not wynne of hir, 
he shulde lese his hede. hei' for lordes of estate, as dukes, barons, 
& knyghte^, come thikke, and proferid to Kin vriiJi hir, but perQ was 
non) that myght holde fote wtt^ here ; Jerfor echon) for hir fayling 
loste hir^ hedis, as the lawe was. so pere was in pe citee a poi' 
man), pe wiche thovght in him selfe, " I am pore, and comen) of lowe 
kynrede ; & hit is a comun crye I-made, that yf eny mau) myght by 
crafte or by cautile passe in Rynnynge the dowter of the Emperoui^, he 
shulde wedde hir, & be hiliche avauncyd. & Jjerefore, yf swiche a 
poi*^ felow as I myght ouc7*come hir by cautil, wherby that I and al 

> leaf 170, back, col. 1. * * his, MS. 

■ - _ 

[Second Version. Addit MS. 9066.] 

over-take her by a grete space, but ever^ she come first to the marke 
that Vas sette by^ the Empe^roui*. % Whan he had^ perseived thise 
ij. vertues in^ his doughlir, he was right glad; and he^ did make a 
crie thurgh out his Empire, that yf any man wold rynne with his 
doughtir, and come rat best ^ to the. marke than she, he shuld have 
her to wyf, with infinite goodes ; and yf any man ranne wit£ the 
maiden)/ and yf ^ she come sonnei^ to the marke than he, than shuld 
he lese his hede. IT There were® dukes. Barons, and knyghtes of the 
Empire 'that herden) this^® crie, and 'anon) thei came^^ and profered 
'hem to rynne with the maiden) ; ^'^ so that eche man ranne with the 
maiden) ^3 one after another', and the maiden) ^^ over-ranne hem aH, and 
so aU thei^^ losten her hedes, as the law wold. IF Than was there a 
man in Rome, that thought with in hym self*, " I am poore, and 'no 
gentile man borne, and^* of ^^^ vile bloode brought forthe; and 'the 
crie is^^ made, that^^ yf any raan^® by any cautele 'can over-rynne*^ the 
maiden) in rynning, he shdft be promoted vnto^ grete richesse^ IT And 
therfor*^ yf I may by any sleight or cautele over-come her, I shuld 

' that. ' they ranne to. ' Om, * of. • Om, • rather. 
^ mayde. * Om, -• Om. *° hard the. " sone ther come mony, 

'* the mayde to renne. " msj^Qpanim. '* Om, " Om. *• Om. 
" ther is a [cry]. ^^ Otn. »» Om. ** ovircome, *' to. ^ Om. 

XXXII. HOW A FOOT RACE WAS WON. 8T0BT. J7^2U^ 7383, & ^iDJD. 9066. 123 

xny kin myght be enliied & honovrid, sothely hit wer a goode tome." 
what dude he but yede, and purveyde him of iij. cautils ; Bcil. of 
an honest Garlonde of Bede Rosys, in a Riidi a-Eay ; the secounde 
cautille of a silkyn) gyrdil^ sotilly I-made ; for pe damys^ comunely 
lovithe swiche fantas^js ; the thixde of a sotil purse made of silke, 
honourid irith precious stonis, anci in this purs was a balls of iij. 
eolowris, and hit had a sup^rscripciou), pat saide thus, Qui mecum 
ludit, nungz^am de meo ludo saciahitxnx^ ])is is to seye, he that pleithe 
yfiHi me, shalle neuer have I-nowhe of my pley. he putt vp in his 
bosom) ))es iij. lakayns, & yede to the yate of the palys, & cride, & 
saide, " Come, fail' damisel, I am Redy to Rynne wtt^ ))e, and to ful- 
fille the lawe in al poyntcf." And when) thes wordes wei' borne to 
)>e Empe^'Otir, he comaundid his dowter to Einne vri\h him. ]:)e 
damisel lokid oute at a wyndow, for to se him ; & when she had sen 
him, she defied him in hir herte, and saide to hir selve, '^ Alas ! pat 
I, that have ouercome so many noble men), now shulde Kynne wtt/t 
suche a chorlis sons as ])ou art; neuer])eles me must fulfill the will 
^ of my fadir." She yede, & made hir Eedy to Rei]) wtt^ him, & come 
to him ; & bothe thei stode to-ged^, for to beg3mne to Bynne. And 
when) J^ei hade Bonne a while, the mayde had Bonne afore him a 
grete weye. when that o)^ere sawe ])at, he caste afore hire the faif 

' leaf 170, back, col. 2. 

[Second Vernon. Addit. MS. 9066.] 

not only^ be promoted, but I myght helpe all my kynrede," IT Than 
he ordeyned hym self* thre* cavteles ; The first was a Garlond of Bede 
Boses *and white, wele araied;* The second was a GirdeH of silke, wele 
hameysed; The third was a purse of sUke, ^sotelly arrayed* with 
precious stones, and in the purse was* a balle of iij. colours, and on 
the balle was this scripture written, 7ie that shd^ pleye with, me, shah 
never be fuVL of my playe, IF Thise iij. he put in his bosome, and 
went vnto the palays gate, criyng, *' come, maiden), come, for I am 
redy to rynne wiifi the." IT whan the Emp«x)ur hadde herd this* 
voice, he bad his doughtir to ^make her '^redy to rynne ; and so® thei 
ronne to-gedre, and in shorte^ tyme the maiden) ronne before hym. 

* alle only. • of iij. * Om, * alle sotely wrought * Om. • hig, 
^ rynne with hym* The mayde, whan she sawe hym, she dyspysed hym 
in her hert, and eayde, " Many noblemen haue I oyercome, and nowe shalle I 
rynne, with such an harlot 1 " Anone the mayde made her. 
" Om, * II lytylle. 


garlondf ; and as sone as she sawe the faire garlond afoie hir, then 
she toruidy & toke it vp, and sette it yppon) hir hede, and made so 
gret dilectacion) pere in, pat that opere Ban fer afox' hir. when she 
saw that, she wepte bitterly, and in a grete wreUie cast a-wey the 
garlonde, & Ean, & ou£7*toke him. And as sone as she was by him, 
she toke vp hir honde, and yafe him a grete boffete vndir the cheke, 
and seide, ^* lewde wrecche, wel bysemithe )>i sins sonne to wedde 
me ! " And fer^ she Ban) afore. & when he^ saw that, he toke oute 
a gyrdille, and caste it in the same maner afore hir ayene ; & as 
faste as sche had a sight pere on), she bowed downe, & toke it vp, & 
gyrde hir pere witA ; and had so grete lykyng ^erQ in, pat she lefte 
Eynnynge, & by pai tyme he was fer afore hir. whenne she caste 
vp hir yen), & saw him, she made grete lamentacioid, and toke pe gyrdii 
in ang^r, and bote hit with her te])e [in thre] pcuiiis ; & Ban ayene 
in al the myght pat was in hir, & ouertoke him, & yaf him a grete 
boffet, and Banne fro him, & saide, " what, harlot ! trowist thow to 
ou^coine me ) '' pat opere was wily, & woid not caste pe purs, vnto 

* for, MS. * she, MS 

[Second Version. Addit. MS. 9066.] 

This wyly man, whan he sawe that, he cast the Garlond before her.^ 
The maiden, when she saw the Garlond, she stouped, and toke vp the 
Oarlond from tbe erthe, and sette it on her hede; and had grete 
likyng of< the Garlond, and ^taried tille^ this sligh man was ferre^ 
before. * ^ Wlian the maiden) sawe that, she wept bitterly, and cast the 
Garlond in a depe dike ; and 'than she^ ranne swiftly after hym, and 
^over-toke hym, and lifte vp her right honde, and gaf*^ hym a buffet, 
and badde hym, " abide, wrecche ! " and said, " it is nought semely, 
that thi fadirs sone shuld have me to wyf*." and^ than she ranne 
before hym^ right fast. IT That sawe this sleigh^ man, and drew a 
GirdeH out of his bosome, and cast it before the maiden). She sawe 
the GirdeH, and toke it vp, and girte her with the GirdeH ; and hadde 
so moche delite of the GirdeH, tibat he was before a grete way. IT The 
maiden), whan she sawe that, she sorowed, and gnewe^ the GirdeH 
with her tethe, and brake it on iii. peces; and ranne after hym^^ 
btrongly, and toke hym, and gaf* hym a^^ buffette, and said, *' Trowest 
thou, wrecche, to over-come mel" and anon) she ranne before ^^ hym. 

wele. * leaf 13. ^ Otn. 
• toke. •• Otfi. 

*' another, ^ afore. 

* the mayde. * so abode, that. ' ronne 
• Om, ^ Om, • Bleight, MS. 


fe tyme ))at he come tier )>e marke ; and ^enne he cast )>e purse, as 
he dude ))at othir thing. & thenne she rest ayeii), & toke it yp, & 
openyd hit, & toke oute the halle, an() Eadde the sup^racripcion), 
scil. he that pleithe with me, shaH neuer be sufiisid of my pley. 
An() tho she began) to pley wit^ the balle so longe, fat ])e logeler 
was afoi' at the marke ; an($ so tho she made muche lamentacioune ; 
& he weddici hir, & had grete Richesses, as the lawe wolde. 


Ere frendes, ])is Emperoure is oure lorde Ihemi Crist ; )>e fail* 
dowt^ is ye soule of man, made like him selfe, & clansid fro 
original synne by baptyme ; & hit is swyfte in Rynnynge, BciL 
goode werkes, while that he is in his innocense, & ))at so swifte,^ that 
no dedely synnys may ouercome hir ; & so thei lese hir hedes, scU. hii' 
powei'y whenne pat ))ey maye not ouercome hir. \)q poi' man)^ ))at 
Imagenithe ])es cautilis, is the devil, )>e whicH studythc nyght & day 
to oueroome innocence; and l^erfor he purveithe him of iij. cavtilis, first 
of a garlonde. [By] the garlonde we maye vndirstonde prj'de, & by this 
Eesoo), For a garlonde is not sett on the arme, nein non) o]>ere party 
of the body ; hit is I-sette vpon) the hede, for it shulde be sene. in 

> leaf 171, ool. 1. * ftwfte, MS. 

[Second Version. AddU. MS. 9066.] 

If This^ logelei* was wyly, and cast the purse before *her. The maiden) * 
saw the purse, and opened it ; and founde a balle^ and radde the 
scripture on^ the balle; IF That was this, whp^ that playet^ wit£ me, 
shaH never be f uU of my playe. And she beganne to play wit£ the 
Balle, and so longe she played with the Balle, that the logeler^ came 
before her to the marke ; and so he had her to be his* wyf*. 

IF Declaraoio. Frendes, this Emperoui' is oure lord Ih^/ru Grist ; 
the faire doughtir is the soule, made by likenesae of god. She is 
swifte in rynnyng to gode veitues, while she dwelleth in her Inno<' 
cence, that no man, that is to sey, no dedly synne, may overoome her. 
IF This wyly man, this logelei', that is comeh) of vile bloode, is the 
deveH, that aH way studies to brynge downe Innocentes in to synne* 
IF First he ordeyned liym of iij. cavteles, that is, a Garlond, by the 
whiche we shidi vndirstoud pride, for this reason). A Garlond is not 
put on the arme, nor on the foote, but vpon the bede, that it may be 

'The. • the mayde. She. » of. * He. ^ Om. 


the same wyse wol the prowde man be sen, & sprede his hemmys ; 
and pere fore seithe Austine, Cum superbum videris, filium didboli 
ease non duMteSj ])is is to sey, when thowe seist a proude man), doute 
the not Ifoxji seest the sonne of the deveL ]}«refoie when the devil 
castithe this garlonde of pryde in thin yen), wepe, as did the damisel; 
& do of that garlonde of pryde, and caste it into the diche of con- 
trucion), & so f ou shalt yeve- f e devil a buffet, & ouercome him. 
Thenne whenne ])e devil 8ee])e ^ai he is ouercome, he^ temptithe a 
man yn an noj^ere synne, & castithe afore him a gordil of lecheri ; of 
"whiche man^r girdil thus seithe (aregoriuSy Cingite lumbos vestros in 
Castitate, ])is is to seye, or ])is is to vndirstonde, Gurdi])e youre lendys 
in chastite. for who so euer is gyrd with the gyrdeH of lechery, 
certenlye he levithe the Eynnyng of goode lyf, & is ouercome yii\h 
the devil ; as the Apostle seithe. Nullum Opus ^num sine Castitate, 
)7is is to seye, })ere is no gode werke with oute Chastite. & ther-for 
do as she did ; smite the gurdiH in thre, bcH. in prayer^, fastyng, and 
almesdede, and withe oute dowte, J^enne fon shalt ou^rcome the 
deviL Aftir ward this por' ^man), BciL fe deuil, castithe forthe a 
purs wiik a balle, — what is that 1 ye wit wel a purs is opin above, 
and shut be-nethe, & that •betokenithe the hart of man, that shulde 

^ and he, MS. ' leaf 171, col. 2. 

[Secmd Versioiu Addit. MS. 9066.] 

sayn). IT Eight so the proude man wold be seen alway, and therfore 
thei maken) hem self* gaye; IT And therfore agayn) proude men speketh 
seynt Austin), and seieth, whan thou seest a proude man, doute 
not but that he is the devels sone. Therfore do thou as the maiden) 
did ; wepe for thi synne, and put downe the Grarlond of pride, and 
put it in the diche of contriccion), and so thou shalt yeve the deveH 
a buffette, and overcome hym. IT Than the devett seeth that he is 
overcome in one synne. Than he tempteth hym with another ; and 
than he cast before man or woman the Girdett of< lechery. Who so 
is girte with this Girdeti he leveth the course of< ^goode lyf, and so is 
overcome of the deveti ; IT For the appostle seith. There is no goode 
werke with oute chastite. do Therfore as the maiden) did ; devoide 
the Girdeti in iij. parties, that is, into praier, fastyng, and almesdede ; 
And than thou shalt overcome the deveti. 1[ The purse with the Balle 
is open above, and shitte byneth, and it betokenet^ thyn) hert, that 

* leaf 13, back. 


euer be opyn) to hevenlj thinges, & shut to Ertbely thinge^. J)e twoo 
cordis, that seruithe to Opyn) fe purs, & to shitte, signifiethe love of 
god Ss of thi nejboui'; the bal that is Bounde, & colovrid so 
diu^rselje, betokenithe the vice of covetice, that is meid($ as wel in 
the olde as in the jonge ; and perefor the Eeson) that is wretis) aboute 
is trewe, wher it is I-seyde, Qui mecum Itidit, nimquam aaciahiiur, 
for the covetouse man) can) neuer be fillic}. & ther-fore lete vs be 
ware that we pleye not vfith the balle of covetise, as she dude ; for 
yf we forsake god, & yeve vs to transetorie godis, and vanites, 
sothely we shul neuar fenne come to the glorie of eiwrlastynge lyf. 
Ad quam &c. 

[ XXXIII. ] 



DOmicianns Eeigned a wise "Em^erour in fe cetee of Home, & in 
his Empyei' was a gentil knight, ]7e whiche had only asonne, that 

[Second Version. Addit MS. 9066.] 

alway owith to be shitte by-nethe, that is, to thise erthely thynges, and 
open^ above to hevenly thynges. The strenges of the purse to open) 
and to shitte betokeneth the love of god, and of our Eme-cristen). 
The Balle, that is rounde, and is cast from one to another, betokenetfi 
Covetise, that is, aH way stered, as well in olde and yonge ; therfore 
it hatfi a sup^scripcion), the whiche is this, he that shatt playe witl^ 
me, shall never be fuH of my playe. That is, Covetise, that no man 
shall never be fuM therof*. IT And therfore Senek^ seith, whan alle 
synnes wexe olde, Covetise alone wexeth yonga IT And therfore studie 
we not for to playe withe the balle of Covetise, as the maiden) did, 
for whii yf we forsake worldly thynges, that are transitorye and 
passyng forthe before god, we mowe come to everlastyng blisse in 
heven. Amen. 

[ XLII. leaf 57, hack. ] 

There was a man) that had a sone, and sterid his sone to gete 
hym) frendes, while his fadir was alyve. the sone saw thre negh- 

' open it, MS< 


he moohe lovid. In a tjme ])is sonne come to him, and saide, " fetdir 
I am a jong maii) ; sothely, yf it be joure wille, I woU^ ^o a-bowte 
to castelles^ & kyngdomes, & purchase me frendes, fat I may, when 
ye beth gon) henys oute of this worlde, haue knowlech," "yis," 
quodf the fadlr, '^ ]iit shal wele like me, so fat foM shew to me, when) 
thow comyst ayene, what frendes ])ow hast getyn).** ])enne seide he, 
** yif?, fadir, f i wille in that cas shalle be fulfiUid." The yonge man) 
travnylid by certeyne kyngdomis, contreis, & cetees ; & at the endo 
of iij. yeei' he come home to his fadir. & fe fadir was hili gladdid 
with his presence^ & seide, " sonne, how seist thow 1 hast f ow piu- 
chasid eny frendes 1" "ye, sir," he saide, "[I have] founden) iij. 
frendes sithe I yede ; and the first frende I loue more than my selfe, 
and ther-fore I wuld for hia love shede my blode, yf nede wer*; 
^the secounde I love as moche ^ my selfe; But the third I love 
litil, in syght of the of ere," ]}enne seide fe fadir, " sone, hast thow 
previd ony of thes iij. frendes T* "Nay, sir,** quod he. ]}enno 
quod the fadir, " do \>o\i aftir my counsaiH, & hit shall like the. 
Go, & slee a Sweyne, & put it in a sacke ; and at mydnyte [go] to 
fe firste^ frende, & sey to him, 'deei' Frende, help me nowe in my 
grete nede, for thorow chaunce I have slayne a man), and he is her^ 

^ Cnstell, MS. * leaf 171, back, col. 1. ' fiste, MS. 

[Second Version. Addit MS. 9066.] 

bores, that he thought to hym) shuld be necessarie. he askid of 
oon), how he myght by his frendship 1 He seide, " I am) rich 
Enoughe, but me nodes werkmeh) ; if thou wilte bynde the to my 
werke, I wil be thy frende.'* he bownde hym, and wrought longe 
tyme greuously for hym. Afterward he asked of anothere the same, 
and he saide, be was but pore, but and he wolde gyfe hym) mekiH, 
he wolde be his frende. and so he did, for ofte sithe he fedde hym), 
and gafe hym large gifte?. Also he askid of the thrid, how he 
myght by bis frendship ] He answerid, and seide, he had no nede 
of moneye ne of werkmeh), but he shatt fati downe to his fote, and 
do hym homage, and do to hym as to his lorde, as a seruaunte shuld 
do, and than he shuld be his frende. and he did so. whan) tliis 
was done, the sone seide to his fadire, that he had iij. frendes. The 
Fadir bade hym) saye to his frende, that he was outelawed of the 
kyng* for treason) ; and so he shuld prove his f^ndes of helpe. The 
IK>nne come to the fyrste frende, and asked helpe of his disese ; and 


vpon) 1117 backe in a sacke ; ' & then) thow shalt see what thi frend 
wol sey to the. Aftir that, go to fi secounde frende, and so to the 
thirde ; and write al hir aunsweris in thin herte." pe sonne yede, 
as the fadir saide to him ; and at mydnite he com) to the yate of the 
fiiste frende, ]7e whiche ]7at he loyi($ more than him selfe, & cnockiJ 
at his gate. Anon) as his frende harde him cnocke, he Eos, & lete 
him in, & seide, " &ende, fou art welcom)." " A ! frende," quo<) 
that o^fre, '' I am come to the in my grete nede, for I lore thi hodye 
more than my selfe, and ))erefore socoure me in this myschieff ; for 
I have thorow vnhappe slayn) a man), & he is hei* vppon) my hacke 
in a sacke ; and perefoiQ, I pray the, that thow wolt hide him, & 
hele the cors of this dede man) in some prive place of thin house ; 
for yf ye cors be founde with me, doutles I mot be hongid for him." 
" ye/' quod the ofere, " thowhe thowe were my fadir, I wolde not 
do that for the; for sithe thow hast slayne the maii), thow arte 
worthi to be dampnid for him. Keuar^eles, for the gret frendshipe 
pat hathe I-be artwene ys hei' afore by longe tyme, I shalle yeve to 
the \j. ellene of lynone clothe, for to lappe in) or for to keueryn) fy 
body, when that thow arte hongid." Thenne the yonge man) yede 
to fat othir £rende, that he louid as moche as him selfe, and knockid 
at his yate. Anon) when) he harde pQ cnokkyng, he ros, & openyd 
^ doi*, & kyste him, and worschipfully Besseyvid him. ])enne spake 
the yonge man, Ss saide, '' A I goode frende, helpe me nowe in my 
grettest nede ^t I eu^ had. I have thorowe £ncomberment slayne 
a man,^ and he is here with me, and ))er-fore, for al the frenshipe that 
is be-twene the Ss me, leye him in sum previ place of thin house ; for 

> leaf 171, back, ool. 2. 

[Second Version. AddU. MS. 9066.] 

when) he had herde that he had done a cryme agaynes the kyng<,^ 
he seide, ^' This I shati do to the, I shatt caste oute of myn) house 
the traytoure of the kyng<, and I shati take what I may of ^i 
goodes." The seconde frende seide, '' the kynges traytoure I shati 
lede to prisouu), and there shati I sette hym faste by the fete, in a 
depe pitte." The thrid seide, '* I shati lede the kynges traytoure to 
the galowes, and there shati I hange hym) vppe." The sone come 
home, and tolde his fadire what his frendes had seide. The fadir 

' the kyogi the kyngi MS. 
0E8TA. 9 


yf he be founde withe me, T am but dede." "Nay," quod that 
opei-e, ** that poM canst not make me do ; bei' him hens, & make the 
mury wit/i him, — ^whi wdldist thow slee him 1 But yette^ frende, I 
shalle tel the, I woUe not have a-do withe him i [but] for the grete 
love ])at hath I-be be-twene ys twoo, I shalle go "with the to the 
iebet ; andf aftirward I shcJi pwrveye me of an nopere frende." pe 
yonge man) was hevy wit/i thes wordes ; and yede to anoj^ere frende, 
6ciL him fat he lovid but litle, & cnockid at the yate. he roS vp, 
as sone as he harde his voyse, and lete him in, & kiste him, and 
saide, " Irend, ])at is halfe my soule, welcome be pon to me ! " 
J^enne saide that oper^ " sothelye I am) ashamed to speke wi't^ the, 
for I have do litle for J>e, or ellis nought, neuer in al my lyve ; and 
ferefore wit^ grete shame I may shew the myii) eronde." "ye, 
hardly," seide that opere, "shew me what thow wolte." "For 
sothe," quod that oper, " I have vnhappili slayne a man), & hei* I 
bei-* his body on) my bak, and fere-fore, I p7*aye the, helpe me in 
this gret nede, and yf ye wolde hide the bodye in youre house, ye 
myte not do for me a better tome, for yf it be founde with me, I am 
but ded«." " Nay," quod that of ere, " I wolle not hide the body, 
but I wolle dye for the to morow on) the lubet ; and ferefore, I 
praye the, love thowe neuer frende so wel as me aftir my dethe, but 
yf he wolle dye for the, as I shalle." when the yonge man hard 
him sey f us, he felle downe on) his knees, & praide him that he 
wolde for-yeve him, fat he had lovid the ofere twoo frendes so 
moche, and him so litle or not. — " and ther-for fro hens forward I 
shaH neuer love my selve so moche as f e." [The] ofere tooke him 

» ytte, MS. 

[Second Version. Addit MS. 9066.] 

seide, " sone, thou haste no frende ; for the fyrste frende is a frende 
of name. The seconde is a frende atte mete, llie thrid is ah) Enemy at 
nede." than) seide the fadir, " sone, go to my frende alone that I 
haue, bat is, the sone of god, Ih^^u Criste, and telle hym) thy 
cause.* The sonwe^ did so. Thanne his faders frende saide, "if» 
thou haue any thefte, bryng* it to me, and if it be treason), putt it to 
me; and I shaH dey for the." Than) this^ was demyd a frende 
alone, amonge ati other. 

* leaf 68. ' be this, MS. 

XXZIII. HOW A MAif PROVED HIS FRIENDS. MORAL. FI. 7383, &ilD. 0066. 131 

by the necke, & kiste him ; & he yede home, & tolde his f adir how 
it was with ]}q i\j. frendes, &c. 


Oo^ men, this Emperowr is the fadir of hevene ; by the knyght 
bnt[he] vnderstonde prelatis of holy chiiche ; by the sonne is 
vndirstonde enerj Cristen) man. An($ so many of vs getithe 
V8 frendes, but thei fay lithe vs in oure nede ; and fere-fore seithe J)e 
wise man, Est amicus meus^ et non pGtmanehit in tempore necessitatis. 
This is to seye, ther is a frende at the table or at the mete borde, 
the wiche woUe not or shal not abide in tyme of nede. pe furste 
frende, that thow lovist more than) thi selve, is this worlde ; for we 
sethe enerj day that men) woUe for the worlde, & worldly thinge* to 
be hadde, putte hem selve in perilis of see, in ^ereUes of bataitt, and! 
of dampnacioune. Anc? ther-for it is wel I-prf?vi(J, that thei lovif e 
more the worlde than hem selve, but in tyme of nede, sciL of deth, 
when the soule shalle passe fro the bodye, aftir the wille of god, & 
pat ye body be yevin to wormes, thenne the worlde, fat fowe louist 
so muche, shalle faile fe ; In so muche that yf pou have too eU^ of 
lynoh) clothe, to lappe thi body Inne, it is a grete thing. The 
secounde frende, that thow louist as muche as thi selve, is thi wyfe 
& thi childerine, the whiche in tyme of dethe wil go wttA the to the 
sepulcure, and wepin a litle for the, but when) pon arte in the erthe, 
fey gothe home, and studiethe whom they mow have in thi stede. 
The thirde frende, that thow lovist so litle, is oure lorde Ihe^u 
Criste, for yf thowe come to him with a clene herte, in tyme of thi 
nede, he wolle not fayle the ; & f crefore it is I-seyde, In quacuniqae 
hora peccaior ingemuerit, salims^ erit, fis is to seye, in what houi* 

" leaf 172, col 1. * Bal«#, MS. 

[Second Version, Addit, MS. 9066.] 

[Dedaraolo]. The fyrste frende is the worlde, or Ellys money, 
for the which man) consumys hym self* nyght and day, in laboure 
and besynesse. The seconde frende is the flessh, and flesly frendes, 
that ressayuen) largly fedyng* and clothyng*; but they ledde hym) 
vnto the prisone, that is, the grave, and casten) hym into the pitte. 
The thrid frend is the deuyH, that ledes hym vnto the dome, thero 


the Bjnner waylitho, or is soiy for his synns, he shalle be saf. Aii<i 

ferofore when the synner deservid by his wickednesse euerlastiiig 

dethe, thcnne Crist, goddis sonne come, & toke dethe for him on) 

the lubet off" f e crosse. AncJ ferfoi^y goode sins, lat vs bowe onrre 

^ knees, and aske mercy of him, that we plesid thes othir two so 

moche, & him so litle, p&i is an vnmutable frende, a gentil &ende, & 

a myghty frende. Now pray we him enterly to be ouie frende, whos 

frenshipe neu^ failithe, Qui cum patre et spiritu sancto omnia 

regit secula. Amen. 

> leaf 172, col. 2. 

[Second Version, Addit M8. 9066.] 

to accuse hym), and to hange hym with hym in helle. But the 
fourte frende, that is criste, the which is a sykere frende alone, that 
for his frendes sufifred dethe ; he is a trew frende alone, amonge att 
othere, and non) so trew as he. Amen &c. 

[ XXXIV. ] 

(the allegory of mercy, TRUTH, JUSTICE & PEACE.) 

Agios was a wyse Emp^rot^r Keignynge in the citee of Rome; the 
whiche lord had iiij. dowtms, of wiche on) was clepid Mercy, 
])e seconnde sothefastnesse, the thirde Byghtwyssenes, and the 
iiij. Pes.^ he also had a sone passyngly wyse and witty, and was clepid 
Ysias, and no man myght be likenid to him in no kynne sciens. he 
had also a sarvaunt vriih him, whom he moche avauncid, and that 
wit^outen ony deseruinge. So the Emperoure in this man^ is thought 
in a certeyne day to preve J)at sarvaunt, & seide to him, " der* frend, 
I have hili avauncyd the to grete dignitee, and feref or thow arte the 
more be-holden) to me. I commytte here to thi kepynge swiche a 
contree; and, sir, yf thow kepe it wele, fou shalt have more 
avauncement ; and in the ofer syde, yf I fynde in the eny man^* of 
tresoune, Jjou shalte suffre ther-fore J>e foulest dethe." ])enne spake 
fat o))ere, and seide, " sir, in al that I can or may I shalle fulfille 

* pitee, MS. 


your wille." Sone aftir that be had be gon) to this contree, be dud 
trespas & transgresaiouns a-jenste fe wille & comaundement of the 
lorde. when) the Empf/'oure harde telle ])is, he come thidir, and 
put a defaute to this forsaide sarvaunt ; the sarvaunte was provde, 
& sturdy, and yaf but litle credence to him. Then ])e Emperour 
beynge in gret wrethe, for violacion) of his precepte & comaundement, 
caUid to him ii^\ cruell tormentours, and comaundid to on) of hem, 
fai he & bis felowes sboulde b3^de him honde & fote, & caste him 
in presoune ; ^ to the secounde he comaundid to belde him qwyke ; 
and to the tbirde & to the iilj. he comaundid, that thei sbulde finally 
sle him. Thenne thes tormentoures purposyng to fulfiUe the com- 
aundment of the Emperoure, Thei toke this wrechid man), and 
turmentid him with el man^r of peynis. And hit happid, that on) 
of the dowteres, bcU, Jjat is to sey, me^'cy, yede by the presoune Jje 
same tyme, Ss as she harde this man) crye in peynis, she rah) to the 
prison, & lokid in, and sawe this man) in tormentes a-monge ^ilke 
tormentours ; & when she sawe ])at piteful sight, she myght not but 
have pyte, — for hit is f e propirte of mercy to have pite & compas- 
sion). & so she Kente of the clothinge^ of hir body, & of hir hede, 
and pullid of hir heei^, and yellid, and cride ; and lianne wtt^ alle 
hir myght to hir fadir, the Empe7*our, and knelid to him, and seide, 
** Alas ! my dere fadir, am I not thi dowter, and art ]7ow not mercy- 
fulle 1 have mercy of suche a sarvaunt ; for yf Jjow have no mercy 
of him, f ou art not mercyf ulle, and yf thow be not mercyfulle, withe 
oute dowte ])ow slialt not have me ^y dowter." Anon) come hir 
syster sothef astnesse, and askid of hir fadir whi hir suster wepte so 1 
" for mercy, f i suster," quod he, " wol algatis fat I have mercy of 
this man) in presoune." Then seide sotbefSsistnes, with a Sterne 
countenauns, *' Nay, fadir, late it not be so. god forbede fat fowe 
yeve him mercy, for am not I thi dowter sothefastnes or truthel 
And thow hast euer be trewe & sothefast, & it is truthe that he have 
peyne & dethe, ))erefor, fadir, pursue trewthe, as thow hast be holden) 
hei* afore ; for yf thow pursue not truthe, thow shalt not have me 
thi dowter no moi*." Thus as mercy and sothefastnesse wei* togeder 
in stryf, come the thirde dowter, sciL Kightwisnesse ; and for she 

' leaf 172, back, col. 1. 


hardf swiche noyse amonge hem, she askid of Sothefastnesse, hir sister, 
what was the cause) And for sothefastnesse myght not telle hut 
trewfe, she seide, " Oure sister," quod she, " namydf mercy, wolle 
algate« that oure fadir have mercy of this traytoui* in pe presoune." 
Anon) Eightwisnesse ran) to hir fader, and saide, '^ fadir, am not I 
Kightwysnesse f i dowter, and thi self e art callid Eightwis 1 And 
perefor, ^ fadir, do & she we Eightwisnesse in this trespasoui^, for yf f ou 
do not, ne wolt not shewe no right, ])ow shalt not have me to thi 
dowter." thenne the fourthe dowter, acU. Pes,^ herynge this dis- 
cencion) a-twene hem, and that mercy, hir sistre, myght not opteyne 
ne prevayle in hir purpose, she for-soke al the Empeyr^, and yede into 
anofere fer contree. And when) the Emperoure hard telle how that 
she was gon) ther-fore out of his londe, and saw swiche a distaunce 
amonge the systeres, he wist not what was heste to done j for yf he 
tume to mercye, he shulde offende truthe & Eightwysnesse, and yf 
he folow the wille of truthe and of Eyghtwisnesse, he shulde 
not have mercy and pes to his dowteres. he clepid to hi?^ his 
wise sono, and vpon) this mater askid his counseitt. " Fadir," quod 
the sone, ''commytte this mater to me, & I shalle take good 
Tengeaunce of this trespassowr, and hring home a-yene pes, fi dowter." 
Then seide the Emperoure, " A ! dei^ sonne, this is a grete promis- 
fiioun) that thowe makest to me, yf thou fulfille it in dede, that thowe 
seist, and ferefore, sone, I shatt do as thow askist." The fadir yaf 
al his pouei' to his sonne. Then the sonne callid his sustir mercy, 
and toke hir wM him, and Eonne to-gedir ouer hillis and dalis, 
til tyme that thei come to the casteH, whei* the sarvaunt laye in 
prisoune ; & thenne he myght not hut have pitee of him, for he hadde 
mercy with him, and Jjereforo he hadde no power* hut to take him 
cute of presoune, and presentid him to his fadir. And when) pes 
harde telle howe hir hrothir had hrowte ayene pe trespassoure, she 
come a-yene to the Empyi^ ; & the sone made acorde a-monge tlie 
Busteris, and that mercy & truthe mette to-gedir, Eightwisnesse & pes 

hathe I-kyste. 

' leaf 172, back, coL 2. ' pite, MS. 



DEre Frendes, this Emp^oure is the fadir of bevin ; the trans- 
gressottre, that Resseyved fe contree, was Adam, the first fadir, 
that dude ayene the comaundement of god, when that he yete 
of the appiH ; and ther-for he was ^ yoven to iiij. tormentoures. th» 
firste tormento2«r, ]}at sette him in presoune^ is pe pr/son) & the exile 
of this present lyf ; and ther-fore it is wretin) and saide thus, Heu 
mihi ! ^ quia incolatiia mena prolongatus est, this is to seye, " Alas I 
for my d welly nge place is proloyned or y-made fer,' scil. ioye of 
paradys, that was lost by synne. The secounde Tormentor?*, )?at 
hilde him, is the wrecchidnesse of this worlde, the wiche Tormentif e 
YS with almaner of peynis & wrecchidnesses. The tbirde, that 
slowbe him, is dethe, fe whiche iugylithe and sleithe vs alle. The 
iiij. f&t devourithe him, bethe wormes ; for when a man dcyithe, he 
is yeyin to the mete of wormes. And therfore the iiij. tormento?/rs 
of this worlde bethe \>e preson) of tlds worlde or exil, fe wrecchid- 
nesse of the worlde, dethe, and wormes; the whiche woUe have 
yengeauns and peyne, for trespas of the first man), vnto the ende of the 
worlde. for the p7'esoh) holdife vs, wrecchidnesse of the worlde 
bryngithe in alle evelis, dejje slejje vs, & wormes gnawif e * vs. but 
oure lorde Jhesa Crist, sone of the hie Emperowr, toke me?*cy w?'t^ 
him, and lepte ou^r hillis and dalis, acU. ])at is to seye, the wrecchid- 
nesses of this worlde, and enterid the prisoune of belle, & toke vs 
oute. whenne mercy sawe this, that the sarvaunt was tumid ayene, 
she had no mater to playne, ne soj^efastnesse had no cause to pleyno, 
for hir fadir was founden) true ; and Eyghtwyssenesse,^ the thirde 
suster, was not pleyning, for in the transgression) rightwyssenesse 
was excusid, so fat dethe was had & lyf ayene, perisshing* & fynd- 
ynge ayen). Then pes seynge hir sistris alle in acorde, and Echon) of 
hem havinge hir purpose, she tumid ayene ; For whenne contencions 
& stryf wei' cessid, then) pes was felashipid among hem). And now 
have ye hard playnli how that mercy and sothefastnesse mette togeder, 
& Eightwisnesse & pes kiste. To the kyssyng of hevenliche Reconsi- 
liaciqn) he bringe vs, that is named saluator Ihesus, Qui cum patre j'c 

* leaf 173, col. 1. • mea, MS. » for, MS. * gnayithe, MS. 
^ Sothefastnesse k Byghtwysfie, MS. 



[ XXXV. ] 


(the harper and the fishes, earl. MS. 7888.) 

beodosius Eeigned a wyse Emperoure in the citee of Eome, the 
wbiche loui(J afore al othir thinges the melody of fe harpe. hit 
happenid od) a certeyne day, as he Bode in huntinge, that he 
haide the soune of a Swete harpe, and hit was so swete to his hert, that 
he thowte that he was Eavishid in him selfe. he Eode ahoute this 
forest, & sowte wher this harpe myght be founde ; and at the laste 
he sawe a pore man, sytting be a water syde, harpynge : & fer come 
cute of that water so swete a melody, that the Emperoui* hard neu^ 
non suche afoi*. And therfore the Emperoure Spake to him, and 
saide, '' how is this, that so swete a melody passithe onte of thin 
harpe 1" "Sir," quod he, "I shalle telle yowe the sothe. I have 
dwelt by this watir wit^ my wyf and wtt^ my chylderin xxx.** yei* ; 
and god hathe yeve me swiche grace, that euer when I harpe ther 
is so gentil a melodic, that alle the fishis in the wat^ comithe evin 
to myn) honde, and so I take my sustenannce, wherby I, Ss my wy^ 

* leaf 173, ool. 2. 

[Second Version. Addit. MS. 9066, leaf 14.] 

[ ^III- ] 

THeodosius reigned in Home, that amonge afi the goodes of the 
world he chose the harpe, and also for to hunte, in resonable tyme. 
IT It happed ^on a tyme, as^ he wente to hunte, he herde the 
taelodie of an harpe with so swete a sowne, that he was ravisshed from 
hym self* for swetnesse. He went aboute the forest to^ fynde the 
znelodie. And in the ende of the Forest he founde^ sittyng a poore man, 
beside a watir, havyng in his honde an harpe, ^and harped ;^ of* ^the 
whiche wente oute so swete a melodic, that the Emperoxu* ^thought he* 
herde never '^ none suche before. II The Emperour said, "frende, I pray 
the telle me, how so swete a melodic gothe out of thyi^ harpe t " IT he 
said, "I and my wyf" and my children) have dwelled beside NJus 
water ^ XXX. wyntir, and god hathe yoven)^ me grace, that whan I 
touche myn) harpe, there gothe out so swete a sownde, that 'the 
fisshes of this watir, for the^® swetnesse ^of myn) harpe ^^ cometfi^* to 

' ones whanne. . • for to. ' saw. * Om. • leaf 14, back. • had. 
' Om. • here this. • gyf. »• Ow. " {?», " oomyne. 


& my childerin) bethe I-founde and susteynicl. but, sir, ther [is] a 
mucbe sorowful cas ayenste me, for in tbat of ere side is an bisser oi 
a siblatour, and be bissitbe so swetlye, tbat nowe a-dayes tbe fissbe 
drawitbe to bim, & levitbe me ; and J^erfor, sir, I praye yow of your 
belpe a-yenst tbis bissei*." "I sballe yeve tbe goode counseitt," 
quod tbe Emperowr, " For I bave bei* in my purse a golden) boke, 
tbe wbicbe I sballe yeve to tbe ; and ^er-for take bit^ and bynde it 
to tbe eude of a longe yerde, and tben smite vpon) tbin barpe, and 
"wbat tyme povL seist bem meve in tbe water, draw bem ynth tbe 
boke to tbe londe ; J^an pou. sbalt see the bissinge of tbe bisser sb^di 
do tbe none barme." ]}enne tbe pore man was glad, and dud al as 
tbe 'Emperour comaundid bim. And wben be beganne to baipe, 
the fissbis gonne meye to bim-warde ; and when) tbe bisser saw that, 
be tumid from) tbat place withe gret confusion), and tbe pore man) 
dwelt stille al tbe tyme of bis lyfe, and endid gode lyfe. 



Ow, sirs,' this Emperoure is Criste Ib^^u, tbat loyid welle to go 
aboute buntinge of soulis ^in forest, acU, in holy cbirche; be 
1 Mortalitee, MS. * sir, MS. * leaf 173, back, ool. 1. 

[Seco7id Version. Addit MS, 9066.] 

myn) honde, and so I take bem ; and by bem I and my wyf* and 
my meyne have oure sustenaunce in grete plente. IT But alias for 
sorow! for ^rom the' other partie of tbe watir there' comets an 
hissai', tbat bisseth so swetely, tbat many daies tbe flashes leveth' 
me, and got^^ to his bissyng; and therfore^ in this nede I aske 
youre belpe agayn) this bissai*, that thus disceivetfi me." The 
Emperoui* said, "I have here in my* purse a golden) boke, the 
wbicbe I shaH yeve the. bave it, and bynde it fast in tbe ende of 
a yerde, and touche thyn barpe ; and with this boke thou sbalt draw 
the fishes to the^ lond, and the bissyng of tbe lussai' shall: not availe 
agayn) the melodie of thyn) barpe." IT Tbe poore man did as be badde; 
and whan he smote on bis barpe, the fissbes began for to stere. 
The bissare,^ whan be sawe this, with shame and confusion) be went 
away ; And the poore man dwelled there alt his lyfe aftir. 

Dedaracio. Frendes, tbis Emperoui' is our lord Ibe^u crist, 
that mekdi loved to hunte after soules in tbe Forest, that is, in holy 

* on tbat. ' Om. * leve. * gone. ' therfor, sir. * this. 

^ Om, ' bissyng, MS. 


lovithe wel the barpe of holy Scripture and? of theologie. Jje pore man), 
that sittithe by the water, is a prechoure or a pz-elat, the wiche owithe 
to sitte by the worlde, & not al in hit, BciL not to yeve his herte in 
worldlinesse ; andl he owithe to have an harpe in his honde of holy 
scripture, ancJ ther wit/i to worshipe godf, after the seinge of the 
ealme, Laudate eum in paalterio et citJiej'a, J)is is to eeye, preysithe 
youi' lord godf in the sawtrie & in the harpe. But in dayes that 
bethe now prechours may seye, Alias I for while pej smitithe the 
harpe, sc?7. speke the wordes of god, fere comithe an hisser, scil. fe 
devil, & he whistelithe so swetly, fat fisshis, acil. synners, herithe 
no worde of god, but tumithe hem to dilectacion) of synne, to 
whiche the deuil temptithe hem. for the devil hissithe be mony 
diue^-se weyes, — & how 1 For he makif e some to slepe, that they hex* 
not the wordes of god ; and som he makithe to chatir faste ; and 
hem fat he may not make chatery ne slepe, he makithe hem to have 
litle swettnesse or non) to the worde of god ; and some he makithe 
to leve f e gode wordes of god, so that in some snare or gr3mne he 
woUe cacche hem. loo 1 man), al thee hissinge^ bathe f e deville, 
for to der* the, and to drawe the fro f e worde of god ; and therfor 
it is nedefuUe to euery prelate or prechoure, that bathe sogette^ to 
gouerne, to take an hoke, BciL to aske the grace of god ajenst ibes 

[Second Version. Addit, MS. 9066.] 

chirche ; and moche he loved the harpe of dyvynyte, and of the 
wysedome of god. IT The poore man, that satte by the watir, is the 
prelate or the prechoui^ of goddes worde, that oweth to sitte beside 
the world and not in the world, that oweth to have the harpe of 
holy scripture, and with that praise god, and fisshes, that be 
synners, to draw hem out of this world; ^ unde Psalmis^a, In tympano 
et Glioro, &c. But the prechour may sey, Alias ! alias ! for while I 
smyte on the harpe, that is, while I preche or teche holy writte, 
the bissai' is there, that is, the devcH', that strength hymself' so 
swetely to hysse, that the fisshes, that be synners, here not the worde 
of gotJ, but tumeth hem to delites and vanytees. IF For the deveti 
hysseth and tempteth men in many maners in the sermon). Some 
he maketh for to slepe ; Some he maketh to langle ; and some he 
maketh to have no savoui' in goddes worde ; and some he maketh 
for to go away from the Sermon. IF Therfore it is fuH spedefuH for 
every prelate or prechoui^, that he Dui the hoke of goddes gi*aco 


hissinge* ; & so with grace lie slialle drawe many synneres oute of 
synne to hevene. he bringe vs thedir, Qui cum patre ^ spiritu 
eaucto regnai jper socvla ! Amen, 



SOlemius was Emperoure in the citte of Eome, the whiche hadde 
a dowt67' that was fail' and glorious to the syte of men) ; and he 
louid hir so muche, that he ordeynid to kepe hir nyght & day 
wit^ V. armed knyghtes ; & he ordeynid a gret maste?*, sotil & connynge 
in many craffbea and Bxtes, for to Enforme & for to theche the knitted 
the best man^r wher by thei myght kepe the mayde. Also this Em- 
pcroure had a grehounde, that he lovid moche ; & he bad the master 
of knijtis to kepe him welle eke. And after this, the Emperour 
made a stiwarde ^ in his Louse, ouer al thes. So in a ceiteyne nyght, 
as he lay in his bed, he thowte to visite Jje holy londe, & he thowte 
to fuMlle it in dede ; and he ordeynid pereiore and made al thinge 

> leaf 173, back, col. 2. 

[Seccmd Version. Addit MS. 9066.] 

agayn) the Sibilacions and temptacions of the fende, by ^the whiche 
he may the rathei' drawe hem to heyen). To the whiche place god 
brynge vs ! Amen. 


POlemius reigned in Eome, that had but oo doughtir, that was to 
idi men gracious, the whiche the fadir loved 'mekett. IT And so 
this EmperouT^ ordeyned v. knytes to kepe wele his doughtir 
bothe day and nyght ; and over' the knyghtes he ordeyned a maister 
of dyverse artes, that shuld* enforme the knyghtes how thei myght 
kepe wele 'this maiden).*^ Also the Empcroui* hadde a Greyhound, 
that he loved ;^ and toke hym to^ the maister of the knyghtes, that 
he shuld have hym in kepyng. IT He made also a Steward in his 
house. Whan ati this was^ ordeyned, as he lay ones in his bedde, 
he thought he wolde visite* the holy lond. IT And whan he hadde ^® 
ordeyned idi thyng for his lomay,^* he called to hym his Steward, 

' leaf 16. ' in 80 mych that he. ' on. * he Bholde. ' the mayde. 

' loued myoh. ^ Om, * was done and. ' desyre. 

'^ had done and. *' way. 


redy for hia viage. And when al thing was Redj, he depicJ to him 
his stiwarde, and saide, " frend myn), I purpose to go to the holy 
londe, & ther-for I commytte to py powei^ my dowter fat I love 
moche as myn) oone harte ; and ther-for I charge the she want noth- 
ynge, but pai she have alle thinge that a goode virgine shulde have, 
that may tome hir to loye and to comforte. Also fat f ow do wello 
-with my grehounde." And he [saide], " I leve in to thi kepinge 
the V. knitted, that hethe the keperes of my dowter, fat hem want 
or lak nothing ; and yf f ou do al this wele in myn) absence, f ow 
shalt have, when) I come home ayene, faire yifte* and grete avauns- 
mentes." Thenne saide the stiwarde, "ser, whan ye go, I pray 
' god go w/t^ yowe, and youre wille shalle be fulfiUid towching my 
p(jraone." the Emp«roure yede to the holy londe, and the stiwarde 
kepte wel his charge a longe tyme af tir his goynge ; til in a certeyne 
day he sawe the damiseii walke by hir selve in a gardyn). ]}o was 
he Ravashid into the love of hir, and yede to hir, and ayenste hir 
wille lay be hir in synne ; and when the synne was I-do, he hatid hir 
more than euer he did eny creature, & put hir oute of the palyse, in 

[Second Version. Addit MS, 9066.] 

and said to hym, "Frende, I wille ^ go to the holy lond, and first I 
leve to the my doughtir, for to kepe as myn) owne hert; and I* 
comaunde the, that she' defaute of none^ thyng, but ^to have^ aH 
loye and gladnesse, as longeth^ to a maiden)^ for^ to have. IF Also 
the T. knyghtes I leve to the, that are kepers of my doughtii', and^ 
none of hem have defaute. IF Also that thou norissh my Greyhound,^® 
as 'is neicessary for hym ;^^ and yf thou do this trewly, as I have 
said, thou shalt have grete mede whan I come agayii)." The 
Steward said, ** In^^ as moche as I may, I shatt fuliille youre wille." 
^ Whan this was said, the Emp^rour toke his way to the holy lond, 
^and the Steward kept the ordenaunce a while after the Emperour 
was gone.^' IT But^* it ^befelle vpon)^^ a day, that the Steward saw *the 
maiden) ^^ walke in the gardeyn), and anon)^^ he was taken) in her love ; 
wherfore anon), agayxi) her wille, he defouled her. IT Whan he hadde 
synned with hei', he had her more in hate than he before loved her ;^^ 

* wole, pasHm, * Om, ' she haue. * no. • Om. 

• it fallyth. ' mayde. * Om, • that. *• grehoundys. 
" it is neoessarious for hem. " Syr, in. 

'^ The stuard whan he saw this, the Emperoar was gone, a while he kept 
his ordenauns. 

" Om. '* fille on. '• Uii« mayde. " Oin, ^* her with all his hert. 

XXXVI. THE UNFAITHFUL 8TEWAKD. 8T0BT. IT^JU. 7333, &^i)Dir. 9066. 141 

SO mnche that for defavte she beggid hir brede fro doi' to doi^. And 
when) the kni^te^ sawe that she was aweye, thei yede to the stywaix) 
and pntte to him suche a cryme. What dude he but yede, & spoy- 
led al the km^iea of hir goodes, and put hem oute of the palys. 
whenne they were putte oute of the palyse, some of hem, for defaute 
of godes, bicome thevis, some man-kUlers, and dude muche harme ; 
and when )>e mast^ of the kni^tea saw this, he blamid him; & fere- 
fore he slowhe him anoii). pe stiwaide kepte wcle the grehounde, 
but at ye lante he brak loos, and Bonne aweye. At the laste tithingc^ 
come to the Stiward, that the 'Emperour drewe homeward, and wolle 
sone be at home, the stiwarde thought to him selfe, " hit may not 
be but I shalle be accusid of my wicked service, yai I have done. 
Aha I I shaH do wel ynow ; my lorde is gracious,^ & ther-for I shaH 
go my selfe, Ss accuse me, & put me in his^ grace." when the sty- 
ward harde telle, that the lord was nye at the palys, the styward 
made him nakid, and toke iij. coides in his honde, & met so wtt^ his 

' gracionus, MS. ' leaf 174, col. 1. 

[Secojid Version. Addit MS. 9066.] 

wherfore he put her out of the paleys. Than the maiden),' for grete 
defaute, begged from dorre to dorre hei' mete. If The knyghtes, that 
were the kepers, Vhan thei perceyved this,^ thei blamed the 
Steward for his dede. % Whan Hhe Steward^ had herd her vndir- 
takyn^,^ he dispoyled the knyghtea of idi her goodes, and put hem 
out of the paleys ^of the Emp67*oui'; and^ afterward some of the 
knyghtes were theves,^ for defaute; and some were robbers and 
ravenours, and did mek^ wikkednesse. % Whan the maister wist of 
this, he blamed sharply the Steward, bothe for the doughtir and for 
^the knyghtes. anon) the Steward for angre slougti the maister of* 
the knyghtes. % After® this the Steward herd tydynges, that the 
Emperour was comyng homeward, than he Vas aferde gretly* 
with in hym self^, and thought, " it may not be, but I shaH be 
accused of my trespasse ; and 1 ^know wele^^ my lord the Emperour 
is mercifuH. IF It is better to me Uhat I^' with mekenesse go^' agayii) 
hym, and accuse my self*, and anke his mercy, before that other ^gone 
and** shew my trespace to my lord." If The Steward anoii) put of hH 
his clothes, oute take his sherte, and his breche ; and thre*^ cordes he 
toke in his right honde, and bare foote he wente to mete the 

' mayde, ptutwi. • Om, * he. * vndurakyng. * Om, 

• grete theves. ' leaf 16, back. • Anone. • ferid grete. *• wele inovre. 

•» Om. " to go. '* go. 1* the, MS. 


lorde j and when the Emperoui' saw the stiward come ayenste him in 
Bwiche aray, he mervaylid hilie in his herte. And when the Stiward 
oome in to him, he knclid downe, and salude the Emp^ot^r. ]?enne 
the Emperoure seyde, " eey, man, how is it, pat thowe metist me in 
swiche a-Eay, sithe thow art my stiward, & sholdesb have mette wiUi 
me withe a gret host 1" " A ! lorde," quod the stiward, " ther is hap- 
pid with me swiche a cas sithe ye went, fat it is most semynge that 
I mete with yow thus." " what cas is that 1" saide the Emperoure. 
** A ! sir, ye must aske of me firste whi and wherfore I hei* thes iij. 
cordes in my honde." " whi," quod the Emperoure, " berist fou fe 
iij. cordes 1" "sir," saide he, "J>e first cord is to bynd me honde 
& fote, and that so strongly, til blode brest oute in eche side, for I 
have wel deservid hit ; The secounde corde is to bynde me to the fete 
of horse, so longe, til tyme fat fe pavement have I-frett the fleshe fro 
the bone, for, sir, that peyne is litle I-nowhe in sight of the trespas 
that I have trespassid to yowe * ; and the thirde corde is to honge 
me withe in a lebette, so longe, til tyme that briddis come to my 
body, and have etyn hit vp, for, sii^, this peyne is litil y-now for 

* yowr, MS. 

[Second Version., Addit, MS. 9066.] 

Emperoure. IT And ^ whan the Emperoui* sawe him aferre in suche 
araye, he mervailed. the Steward, whan his^ lord come nere,* he 
kneled downe, and saluted hym. IT The Emperour said, " how is it 
with the, that in suche forme thou comest ayenst* mel" IF "My 
lord," he said, " there is fallen) agaynst* me a grevous caase." The 
emperour^ said, "What is that]" "A! my lord, ye® must aske 
me*^ first whi y here thise iij. cordes in myn) hande." The Em- 
peroui^ said, '*Whi berest thou tho iij. cordes in thyn) hande 1" 
" Sir^" he said, " the first corde is to bynde me hande and foote, so 
longe and so strongely, vnto the bloode gone® out on every ^ parte, 
for I have wele deserved it ; IF The seconde corde ^^ is for to drawe me 
with^^ on the pament, so longe, tille the stones departe the flessh 
from the bones ;i2 for this payne is to me^' profite, for the trespasse 
that I have done agayns^* you ; H The thirde corde is to hange me with^* 
on the Gebet, so longe, Hille the ^® briddes of heven come downe, and 
sitte on my hede, and my ^^ body, and fiUe hem on^® my flessfi; for 

■ Om, * the. • nere hym. * ayene. • agayne. • he seyde, ye. 

' Om, • go. » either ether. ^^ Chn. »' Om. " body. 

" Ofii, '* agayne. '• Om. '• vnto. " on my. " of. 


swiche a trespas as I have I-do to yowe. & f^efor, gracious lorde, I 
aske grace & mercjy for I dar not confesse myn synne, tyl tyme that 
I have graunt of youre grace." " Sey what hit is," quod the Emper- 
our^ " for sothely fon shalt have grace, what so eue7*e hit he, for the 
gret pite that I have now in ^i co7itricioun) and lownesse." " Alias ! 
lorde," saide he, " for I have stolne the floure of virginitee fro yo?/r 
dout^r, and put hir out of the palis, that I wot welle, For grete favte 
she beggifche hir mete fro dor^ to dor* ; and, sir, fi kni3tes I have Eob- 
bid & spoyled, and put hem) oute of the palys, ]>at for mischef thei 
Rohbithe and spoylithe, for hir lyf-lode ; and the master of hem I 
have slayne ; but thi grehounde I f edde wele, and tyde him witZt a 
cheyne, but he brake his cheyne, and Ran) awey, that I not wher he 
is." when the Emperour harde thes wordes, he was hili mevid in 
mynde, & thought that it was a cursid man) ; and )k) he seyde thus, 
" & hast thowe ^foylid my dowter, and put hir oute of the palis, that 
I lovid so mnche ; & hast pou put oute and Robbid my v. gode kni^tes, 
& slayne the master, hir techer 1 Now for sothe, & be seynte^ that I 

* leaf 174, col. 2. 

[Second Version. Addit MS. 9066.] 

this payn) longeth to trespassours suche as I am. Therfore,^ gracious 
lord, have mercy on me, for I dare not shew* my trespasse, tille I 
^have grace."* IF The Empe7'our said, '*^I yeve the grace."* IF Than* 
the Steward said, ** alias ! alias ! I have defouled youre doughtir, 
and put her out of youre paleys, and for^ defaute she seketh her 
brede from dorre to dorre. IF Also the knyghtes I have dispoyled, 
wherfore for defaute some are theves, and some We ravenours ;^ IT and 
the maister of the knyghtes I have slayn). But the Greyhound I 
have fedde right wele, and ^ in as moche as I myght, and bound 
hym® by a chayne; but he brake the chayne, and rynnetfi aboute 
the countre.** IF Whan the Emperour had ^® herde this, he was gretely 
stered with in hym self, and said, " hast thou corrupt my doughtir, 
that I love so moche; and put out my knyghtes, and slayu) the 
maister of the knyghtes, and that I loved least, that is, the Grey- 
hound, to hym thou toke ^^ grete kepel ^And I had^* not before 

' Mi. ■ shew to you. ' be certified of your mercy. And than. 
^ I se thi grete mekenes and contricione, therfore telle me thi trespas, for 
thou shalte fynde mercy." 

* Om, • for grete. '' grete robhers. • Om, • Om, 
»• Om. »' leaf 16. " Had I. 


have sowte, wei' not that I grauntid to the grace, }ovr shuldest not 
scape \fe foulest dethe pat I coude deme ; Neu6r]>eles my worde mot 
stonde, an($ poM art a wyli felowe. ]?oa shalt go now, & seche my 
dowt^r, for thow shalt wedde hir to wyfe ; and yf eny harme come 
to hir hens forward in thi defaute, Bo]>ely pon shalt have dohble 
peyne. and go hrynge the knijtes ayene, and sette hem as they wei', 
and Eestore hem to hir goodes ayene, and also the grehounde^ and 
tye him strongly e; fat pere neuar moi' fro hennys for the ward be 
founde defavte in the, towching eny of them." Then the stiward 
knelid, and thonkid the Emperoure for his mercy & grace ; and yede 
abowte in the Empii' to seche the mayde, the kni3tes, & the gre* 
hounde ; & he fonde hem, & browt hem home, and with grete wor- 
shipe weddid the mayde, and Restorid ayene the goodes to the knijtes, 
and Endid fair'. 


DEre bretherin), this Emparonre is onre lorde Ihesa Criste ; the 
fair' dowter is the soule of man, made to his o wne likenesse ; \>e y. 

1 Mortalitee, MS. 

[Second Version. Addit. MS. 9066.] 

forgeren the, and so mekeli have loved thi self*, I shold have 
condempned the to the most foule deth. IT Therfore go anon), and 
brynge agayh) my doughtir, for thou shalt have her to wyf* ; and yf 
^he falle in^ any evell thurgh^ thi defaute from' hens forward, I 
shi^ double thi payne. IF Go also, and bryng agayn) my knyghtes to 
her first dignyte, and yeld hem agayn) a& that thou hast taken) from 
hem ; and the maister also. IT And seke diligently the Greyhound, 
tille thou have founde hym ; and than bynde hym fast, that from 
^hens forward* no defaute be founde in the of ati thise." IT The 
Steward, whan he had^ herd this, he lowted downe, and thanked 
Hhe Emp^our^ of his grete mercy ; and went than thurgh att the 
Empire, and ^so he^ sought, and brought agayii) the doughtir witE 
^grete worshipp ; IT and brought agayn)* the knyghte* ^to aH her 
goodes;^ and than^^ wedded the 'doughtir, and^^ lived in pease aH 
^her lyf" tyme^^ aftir. 

Deolaracio. Frendes, this Emperour is oui' lorde Ihe^xi crist. 
The faire doughtir is the soule, made to the likenesse of god. The 

' ther falle. * in. • Om, * hens forthe ware, * Om, 
• hym. '' Om, • Om, • and the grehounde. '• Om. 
" dough tur with grete worship ; and restoryd agayne to the knyghtes ther 
goodes that he had take away, and so. *' his lyfe. 


kni^tes betli the v. witW, armid thorow vertu of baptisme, and thes 
bethe yeve to kepe the sovle. the master of the laii^tes is EesoD), 
the stiward is enerj liuer to whom god hathe yeven a sowle to kepe, 
yp peyne of lesynge of ou^lastinge lyffe. But then the wrecchid 
man) ofbe tymes hathe no mynde of penlis that bethe comynge ; & 
ferd he lesithe his soule by synne, & pnttithe it oute from) the palys 
of hevene, and so it gothe fro doi^ to doi', as a corrupt and a iilid 
virgine. & also he puttithe oute the v. iLDi^ies, sml pat is to seye, 
ynwitte^, and spoy lithe hem of good vertues ; and so sum of hem 
be])e thevis, & some lurdaynes. so pe s^te see]> vnleful sited, fe eris 
herynge vnhonest and vnleful talkinges, lesynge^, & bacbitinge^, and 
detracciouns; and no ^wonder, for hirgouemot/r, scil. Besoh), is slayne, 
as ofte as a man is gou&mid by sensualite, and by sterynge of fleshe, 
and not by Eeson). but the grehounde, sciL the fleshe, is I-fed 
deyntili, & bounde wiiJi the chayne of luste, the whiche ofte tymes 
brekithe, & dothe many Evelis. but^ sirs, pe Emperoure comithe 
nowe fro the holy londe, scil. oui' lorde Ihesa Criste is to come from) 
the holy londe, sciL from) hevene, to f e dome ; and ther-for, yf we 
do wysely^ late ys do as the Stiward did, when he harde telle of the 

* leaf 174, back, ool. 1. 

[Second Version. Addit MS. 9066.] 

V. knyghtes are oure v. witter, armed by the vertu of oure baptymc ; 
thise are yeven) to kepe pe soule. The maister of knyghtes is Reson), 
that oweth to rewle the wittes ; The Greyhounde is the flessh. IT The 
Steward is every man, to whom is yeven) a soule to kepe of god, 
ypoh) pa3rn) of evei' lastyng dethe. If But wrecched man thynkes not 
of thinges that are to come, but ofte sithes defouleth the soule with 
synne, and put her out of the paleys ; and she gothe from doorre to 
done, that is, from synne vnto synne. IT And the v. knyghtes, that 
are the v. wittes, that were put out, and made theves and ravenours, 
that is, sight, that seeth vnlef uH thynges, and [heryng, that] gladly 
hereth lesynges and sclaunderynges ; and thus of aXt the other wittes, 
IT And the maister of the wittes is Beson), whiche is slayn) whan man 
is rewled by wille, and not by reson) ; and whan wille is rewled by 
reson), than is the maister Beson) brought aly ve agayn). IT But the 
Greyhounde is the fles^ whiche is deyntely fedde, and bounden) 
with the cheyne of lust ; the which he ofte breketh, and geteth hym 
many evels. IT But weteth wele, the Emp^our is to come, that is, oure 
lord, to the dome, do thou therfore as the steward did, and makg 

OESTA. 10 


comynge of his lorde, scil, for to thinke that develis and al the 
worlde woUe accuse ys to him, but yf we come afoi', and accuse ouie 
selvene. And ^erlore let vs do awey oure clothinge, scil. oure olde 
lyf, and bei^ iij. corde« in oure hondes, seiL on) to bynde vs with, scU. 
contricione ; the whiche byndethe not Only hondes & fete, but al the 
membris of vs bo])e inward and outward hit owe to bynde so strongly, 
that vnto the tyme ])at the bloode, sciL synne, go aweye in euery 
syde ; for as ]>e apostle seithe. In qtmcumqae hora mgemuerit pecca- 
tor, sdlvtts^ erit, ])is is to seye, In what tyme or in what houre the 
synn^r is contrite or sory for his synnys, he shalle be saf. The 
secounde corde, that is to drawe him by the pavyment, is confession) 
of thi mouthe, shewinge thi liuinge, fro the begynnyng of thi perfite 
discrecion) vn to that daye of confession) ; and pere withe, scU. wiiJi 
confessioun), ])ow Owiste to bo drawe so longe, til tyme that the 
fleshe, scH. delectaciouns of flesshely affecciouns, be Eubbid awey, 
from) the bone, sciL fi mynde, by ])e stonis of penaunce, for as the 
ston) is harde in felinge, so is penaunce hard in suffeiyng. J^e corde, 
that thow shuldeste have to honge the wM, is satisfaccion) ; for the 
Apostel seithe, Su^f^endium JSligit anima mea, This is to seye, My 

soule bathe choson) hongment ; for Eight as a thinge is Eaysid fro pQ 

* salus, MS. 

[Second Version. Addit MS. 9066.] 

satisfSaccion) ; and thou owest to thynk< that the world and the fende 
shutt accuse the but yf* thou first rynne to god, as the Steward did, 
and make satisfaccion) for thi synne. IT First do of thi clothes, that 
is, thyn) olde ev^ lyf, and here iij. cordes in thi honde. the first 
corde is to bynde the with; this corde is ^contricion), the whiche 
owelA not to bynde alone the handes and feete, but aH the membres, 
wittL in forthe and wil^ oute, so longe and so strongely, vnto the 
bloode, that is synne, go out to every parte ; For as the appostle 
saith, IT In what houre a synnei' soroweth for his synnes, he shiafi be 
sauf*. IT The second corde is to drawe the with ; that is confession), 
that oweth to drawe the from the begynnyng of thi lifi vnto this 
day, by the pament of thy mouthe, so longe, vnto thi flessh, that is, 
delectacion) of flessh, be departed by the^ stones of penaunce ; IT For 
as the stone is harde, so is penaunce harde to the doei'. IT The third 
corde is to hange the with, that is, on the Gebet of satisfaccion) ; Of 
the which hangyng* speketh the appostle, and saith, My soule hattl 

^ leal 16, back. ' thi, MS. 


erfche by hongynge, Eight so is the synf ulle Eaisid fro synnys to god, 
by honging of Satisfaccion). And thenne he owithe to be so longe in 
the lebette, scU, in f ulfillinge of satiafaccioi]), til tyme )>at briddes, sciL 
angeles of hevene, be fillid vrith his goode workis ; for it is seide 
thus, Maivs gavdium Est in celo coram angelis dei super vno peccatm'e 
penitenciam agenie, quam^ supra ^noriagiTita nouem iustos non Indi- 
gentes penitenciam, fis is to sey, it is moi' loye in hevene by-foi' pe 
aungelis of god vpoh) oo synner doyng penaunce, fan vpon) nyntye 
& nyne lust meo) or Eightwis men that nedithe no penaunce. And 
pertoie, yf thow do so, scil. honge the so in the lubett off Satisfaccion), 
Sothely then the Emperoure of hevene wolle have compassion) and 
pitee of ])e, and yeve the mercye. And when the stiwarde hade 
grace, he yede aboate the Empire, and so most pon do, scil. go aboute 
thi doynge of diuerse werkes of mercye, til thow have founde thi 
soule ayene, ^at thow haddist loste, and bring hir ayene to the palys 
of holye chirche. Ss sette thenne fi v. wittis in a Eight stat, & 
goueme hem wel ; & bryng home thi grehounde, scil the fleshe, and 
fede it so scarsly, that hit breke no more loos ; and so fro that tyme 
fortheward so gouame thi lyf, that it hap the nomoi' to misrule noon) 
of hem ; and then, with oute dowte, ]>ou pursuest for ])e lyf that 
ener shalle laste in blisse. Ad quam nosperducat ' &c. 

* quia, MS. • leaf 174, back, col. 2. ' parducat, MS. 

[Second Version. Addit MS. 9066.] 

chosen) hangyng; for as a man by hangyng is lifte vp from the 
erthe, Eight so a synner is lifte vp from synne to god, by hangjmg 
of satisfacciou). and he oweth to hange so longe, vnto the briddes 
of heveD), that be the anngels of god, come downe, and be ful- 
filled of his flessh, that is, of the good werkes ; IF For it is more gretter 
loye to the aungels in heven of a synnei^ that dothe penaunce for 
his synne, than of other that nedeth no penaunce. IT The Steward 
brought agayn) the doughtir by sekyng aboute. So behoveth the to 
goo aboute by dyverse werkes of mercy, tille thou fynde thi soule 
that thou hast lost, and brynge her agayn) to holy chirche. and 
rewle wele thi wittes v. and fede the greyhound mesurably, that is, 
rewle wele thi flessh in mete and drynke, and amende thi lyf< from 
hens forward in alle thynges, lest it falle worse to the afterward ; 
and yf thou leve wele thi lyf, thou shalt have bUsse with outeu 
ende. Amen. 


[ XXXVII. ] 



OEsar was a wise Empgroure Eegnynge in the citee of Eome ; the 
wiche had a forest, in fe whiche he made to be plontid & sette 
many vynis and trees. And he made oner this forest a stiward, 
named lonathas, a wise man) & a Eedy ; the whiche he chargeyd, yp 
gret peyne, that he shulde kepe wele swiche thinge as he had I-sette 
in that forest. And this lonathas entirid into this office, and kepte 
it wel & wisly, til a cas felle, that a sweyne enterid into hit, and 
wrotide,^ and shent the yonge plantis, that wei* nulye sette. Anon) 
as the keper saw this harme, he hente of the Swynis tayle ; and ]^e 
swyne yede oute ayene, with a grete crye. NeueHheles hit com 
ayene the next day, and did moi^ harme than he dnd afore ; and 
then lonathas smote of his lyfte er^; and the swyne Sanne onto, 
wit^ a gret crye. but yit, not withestondinge J>i8, It come ayene 
the thirde day aftir ; and then lonathas smote of his right ei' ; ^and 
euer he Eanne ayene, wtt^ an orible crijnge, as he did afore, but 

■ wrotithe, MS. * leaf 175, coU 1. 

[Second Vernon. Addit MS. 9066, leaf 16, hack.'] 

CEsar was Emperoui' of Rome, that had a forest, in the which he 
hadde^ planted vynes, and other dyuerse trees many; and he 
ordeyned over his forest a^ Steward, whos name was lonatas, bid- 
dyngJiym, vpon^ V^T^t to kepe the vynes and the plantea IF It felle 
afterward^ this ordenaunce of the^ E^perour, that lonatas toke in^ 
eure of the forest ; ^and vpon)^ a day there entred a swyne, and the new 
plantes in the forest he wroted. IT Whan lonatas sawe® the Swyne 
entre, he cutte of his taUe ; and the Swyne made a^ crie, and went^^ out. 
[Neuertheles he entred agayne, and dyd myche harme in the forest. 
Whan lonatas saw that, he kytte of his left ere. The hogge made a 
grete crye, and went out.^^] IF And^^ notwithstondyng this, he entred 
agayn)^ the thirde day.^^ That saw lonatas, and cutte of his right ere, 

* Om. • a wyse man. "■ on grete. * after. * this. • the. 

^ but on. • Bye. " a grete. '" ran. 

" Supplied from MS. C. " Om. '» ayene. ** tyme. 


yit it wolde not leve J)«re bye, but come arjene in the Fourtfi daye, 
and did moo ivelis ; and tbo lonathas tooke a spere, and smote him 
thorow the ij, sidis ; & sent the body to the Cook of the Emp^roure, 
and comaundid that he shulde aiaye hit for the "Eniperours mete. 
And when) the "Emperour was sette to mete, he was servid of that 
sweyne; and thenne the Emperoure askid of his sarvaimt, whei^ 
the herte was ])erof, for he lovid the herte of enerj beste more than 
he did al the bodye. Af tir ]>enne the sarvaunt Ean) into the kechin, 
and askid whei^ the harte was of the hogge ; for he saide, the Em- 
peroure askid pere aftir. the Coke had I-ete hit afoi', for it was 
fatte & likynge ; and ^erloie he bad the sarvaont sey to the lorde, 
that the hogge had non) h^rte. And the sarvaunt yede, & tolde the 
Emperosr that the hog hadde noon) harte. " ])at may not be," quod 
the Emperoure, " for ther is no best but hit have an herte ; & ther- 
fore byd hhn sende hit me, in peyne of lyfe." penne f ei yede to 
the kechin, and bad that he shulde sende the herte, in peyne of 
dethe. " A ! " quod the Coke, " sey to hiwi, fat but yf I prove pat 

[Second Version. Addit MS. 9066.] 

the whiche with ^an orryble^ crie yode out. IF Yit the fourth day ^the 
swyne* entred the forest, and did ^many harmes. IF Whan lonatas 
sawe that the hogge wold not be ware, he smote hym thurgh with 
his spere, and slough hym, and delyuered the* body to the Cooke, 
for to arraye the next day to the Empcrours mete. IF But whan the 
Emperour was served of this* swyne, he asked of^ his servauntes, 
"Where is^ the hert of this® swyne 1" be cause the Emperoui^ 
loved the hert best^ of any beest, and more than idl the beest.^^ 
IT The servauntes asked of the Coke where the hert of the Swyne was, 
for the lord asked there after. The Coke, Vhan he^^ had araied the 
hert, he sawe it was ^good and^^ fatte, and ete it, and said ^ the 
servauntes,^* " Say^* to the Emperour, that the hogge hade no hert" 
The servauntes said to the Emparoui', Hhat the hogge had no hert.^* 
The emperow said, "it may not be; and therfore say to hym, 
vpon)^* payn) of deth, that he send me the hert of the swyne, for 
there is no beest in ati the world with oute an hert." IF The seruaunte* 
Vent to the Cooke, and said, vpoh)^^ payn) of deth, he shuld sende the 
Emperour the hert. He said, "sey^* to my lord, but yf I prove 

' a noble, MS. Corrected from C. ■ he. * leaf 17. * his. * his. 

• Om, "* was. ■ the. • most, " body. " whych. 

" Om. *» Om. " Seyth. '• the answere of the coke. " on. 

'^ seyde to the coke on. " Seyth. 

150 XXXVII. THE EMPEROR AND HIS COOK. STORY. FL. 7333, & iiD. 9066. 

fat I seye by good Resoune, ellis I put me to his wille & doni)." 
when the Emperoui' harde this, he assignid a day of aunsweringe. 
when the day come, the coke come, and saide with a gret woys 
afore alle men, '' worshipful lordes, this day is the daye of aunswer- 
inge ; and furst I put vn to yow, that the swyne had non heite, IT and 
fat by this Resoune ; euery thowte comithe fro the herte, & fcrefore 
what savorithe good or evil, hit be-houithe that he think hit by the 
harte." " Al this is sothe," quod the Emperoure. " And now shall 
I shewe by Eesons, that he had none harte ; for he Enterid in to 
youi* f oreste, and \>ere fe f orstcr kit of his tayle ; and ther-f oi*, yf he 
had had an)^ harte, he wolde have thoiight on) that loste ; but^ that he 
did not, for he entired in to the forest ayene, and then the forster 
smote of his lyfte Ei^; yf he had had an) herte, he wolde have 
thowte oh) that lost ; but yit dude he not, for he come a-yene the 
thirde tyme, and then) he loste his Right Ei' ; and yf ther had be an 
harte on) him, he wolde have thovte oh) that lost of the twoo Eris, 

> leaf 175, col. 2. * and but, MS. 

[Second Vei'aion. AddiL MS. 9066.] 

^myghtily by clere^ resons, that the swyne had no hert, I put me 
fully to his wiUe, to do with me what* he wolle." IF The Emperour, 
whan he herd this, he assigned a day of aunswere. whan the day 
was comen), the Coke with an high voice said before all men, " IF My 
lord, this is the day of myn) aunswere. First I shiJl shew you that 
. the Swyne had no herte ; this is the resoh). Every thought cometh 
from the hert, Therfoi^ every' man or best feleth* good or eveti; it 
f oloweth of necessite that by this the hert thynketh." IT The "Emperour 
said, " That is trouth.^ Than said the Coke, " now shall I shew by 
resons, that the swyne had no hert. First he entred the forest, and 
the Steward cutte of* his taile. Yf he had hadde* an hert, he shuld 
have thought on his taile that was lost ; but he thought not ther 
vpon,^ for efte sones he entered the forest, and the forster kitte of 
his lifte ere. yf he had hadde an hert, he shuld have thought on 
his lifte ere, but he thought not, IF For the third tyme he entred the 
forest, that saw the forster, and cutte of his right ere ; where® yf 
he had had an hert, he shuld have thought that he had lost his taile, 
and bothe his eres, and never shuld have gone agayh) hio more,® 
whei^ he had so many evels. IT But yit the fourthe tyme he entred 
the forest ; the Steward sawe that, and slougfi hym, and delyucred 

' clerly by myghty. 'as. * if eny. * fele. • trew. • Om, 

' on. * whcrfor. ' Otn. 


and of the tayle ; but he dude not, for he come ayene, and dude so 
muche harme, that the forst^ slowhe him wt't/t his spei', & sent him 
to me to dyte for youre dynere." 


DEre frendeSy ))is Emp^roure is oure iorde Ihe^ Criste ; the forest 
i8 holy chirche, in the ^hiche bethe pla«ti,I the comaunde- 
ment^ of god; the forster is dethe, that sparithe no man); the 
swyne is a syimer, that enterithe in to holy chirche, and f oylithe the 
comaundement6« of god, ne sethe hem not in no place. ]:)eime it is 
seide to the forstei', that he cut of his tayle^ aeil. depe comythe to 
some of thi blode, wher thorow thow shuldeste he ware, and amend 
thi lyfe, or he smytithe of the tayle, scil, take)>e awey pi Eichesse, 
wherby thow shuldeste be smyten), & tume to the knowleche of 
god. Also the secounde tyme he cuttithe awey the lyfte ei*, sal. 
dethe takithe &o the ]>i hioper, or thi sustre, for thi conuarsioun) and 
amendement; and he takithe a-wey thi rite Ei', when he takithe 
a-wey thi sone, or J?i douter, or thi wyf, that thow most lovest, for 
thow shuldest a-mende the. neuer)>ele8 al thes puneshynges takithe 
god in a wrecchid mah)^ but yit we vncorrigible wrecchis conne not 

[SecoTid Version, AddiL M8, 9066.] 

hym to^ me, to araye to your mete. IT Here mow ye se, lord,^ that 
I have shewed by worthi resons, that the swyne had no hert.** And 
thus scaped the Coke. 

Declaracio. Erendes, this emperot^r is our lord Ihera crist. 
the forest is holy chirche; the plantes are *the holy sacramentes, 
that are ordeyned ther in, and goddes comaundementes. IT The 
Steward is dethe, the which spareth none. The Swyne is a synnor, 
the which defoulel^ the sacramentes, and goddes preceptes, ne 
kepel£ hem not, as he shuld do. God seeth that, and biddeth the 
forster, that is, dethe, that he cutte of his taile. this taile is thi 
kynnesman, or thi special frend, the which det£ sleeth, that thou 
shuldest amende thi lyf* ; or els he dothe away thi taile, that is, thi^ 
richesse. IT Also he dothe away thi lyft ere, that is, thi brother, or 
thi Sustir, that thou shuldest amende the. IT And thou do not, he 
dothe away thi right ere, that is, he sleeth thi sone, or thi doughtir, 
or thi wyf", that thou shuldest amende thi lyf*. IF But ofte sithe 

' Om, • lordes. ' leaf 17, back. 

* the, MS. 

152 XXXVIl. TUB EMPEROR AND IIlS COOK. MORALITE. HL. 7333, & ^2).9066. 

sece of oure synnynge. ^Whenne god seej> fat, he comaundithe 
dethe to sle him j and he sendithe the body to the Cooke, scU. J>e 
deuil, for to swolewe him, & dite him in helle. And when the 
Emperoure shall sitte at mete, sciL at the last dome, then he wolle 
aske the harte, scil. fe soule ; For Crist lovithe mor* a soule than al 
the worlde. then in the day of dome shalle the wikid cook, sciL 
the devil, stonde adue/'sarie ayenste^ vs, and alegge, J)at fe synner 

hathe noii) herte, scil, no soule, -"^ whiche shold have y-be 

obedient to god, but he was euere Obedient to me, & neuer to f e, 
and f erefore, luge, deme f is soule to be myn), and to be dampnid, 
for it is Eight ; for as aftin tyme as fou scorgediste him wit^ thi 
punyshement^, for to make him to obeye to thi comTTiaundmente^, 
he wolde neuer, but Encline to me, and tel Eight nowte of thi 
p?'ecepte«." And ferfore late vs be ware of the cursid cooke, and 
love we the blessid Emperoure. Qui cum Paire ^c. 

* leaf 176, back, col. 1. ' ayense, MS. 

[Second Version. Addlt. MS. 9066.] 

wrecched man, though he suffre «dl this, yit he dothe many synnes 
ayenst god, and so he is vncurable. IF God, whan he seeth this, he 
biddeth deth slee hym, and take him to the Coke, that is, the deveH, 
the which swolwith the hert, that is, the soule, in the paynes of 
helle. IF But whan the day of dome cometh, than god shall sitte in 
his dome, and wold have the hert, that is, the soule ; for he loveth 
more one soule than aH the world ; For the soule he yaf his precious 
blood, which he wold not yeve for all the world. % In that dome 
shaH stonde our aduersarie, that is, the fcnde, the shrewd coke, 
agayn) the synnei^ ; and he shaH allegge, that the synfuH man hath 
none hert, that is, no soule, the whic^ shuld obeye to god in aH 
thynges. IT Than shall the deveS sey, " he was obedient to me, and 
to his god inobedient; therefore, rightfuH domesman, deme hym 
myii), to be dampned with me ; for many a tyme thou hast scourged 
liym, that he shuld obeye to thy comaundementis, But that he wold 
not, but to me obeyed." wo shcdl be to hym, that so shcdl be 
founden) at the day of dome ! Therfore studie we so to lede our lyf*, 
that we mow come to everlastyng blisse. Amen. 


[ xxxvin. ] 

(how a son saved the life of his father). 

Alexandirwas awyse Emperoure Eeignynge intheciieeof Eoome; 
his possessioime was moche, and amooge al o^er vertues^ that 
he hadde, he was large of his mete. And he ordeynid a lawe, 
that no man shulde at his horde Ete the blake syde of the playse, but 
al the white syde, withe outen) tvmynge ; and yf enye man dud the 
contrarie, he shulde lese his lyfe. but then he grauntid, that the tres- 
passoi^r shulde aske iij. bonys or he deyde, Of what thinge that he 
wolde aske, to save his lyfe, and hit shulde be grauntid to him. So 
hit happid in a tyme, that thei' come an Erie to court, & his sone 
cpme withe him, and they wor^ of fei' contrees ; & happed ^as )>ei Sete 
at mete, the Erie was servid wtt^ a plays, and he had goode wille to 
ete^ <& he ete the blake syde, and also white. & anoon he was 
accusid to the Emperoui' ; and the Emp^our seide, he shulde be 
dede with outen) delay, as law wolde. ]?enne the Erles sonne seing 
this, knelid afor' the Emp«'oure, & seid, " lord, for love of him that 

' vertuouB, MS. ' leaf 175, back, col. 2. 

\Bec<md Version, Addit MS, 9066, leqf 17, back,] 

[ XL ] 

Alexaundre reigned in Rome ; and amonge aH vertues that he had, 
he was right large. Therfore of grete nede he ordeyned for a 
law, that no man shulde tume the playse in the dissh, but aH 
only he shuld ete the white side, and in no wise the blak* side ; and yf 
any man did the contrarie, he shuld dye. If But before he shuld dye, 
he shuld aske iij, peticions of the Empcroui', what that he wold, 
except his lyf*, and he shuld graunte hym theyn]). ^It file ones, that 
an Erie of a ferre countre with his sone come to the Emperour*, and 
at mete was sette before hem a playse. The Erie had a good apetite 
to ete. whan he had eten) the white side of the playse, he ete the 
blak* side ; and anon) he was accused to the Emperour, that he had 
done SLgBLjrd the law. IT The Emperour said, " do hym to dethe, with 
outen any delay, after that the law asketh." The sone of the Erie, 
whan he had herd that his fadir shuld be dede, he went to the 

» leaf 18. 

1 54 XXXnil. A SON SAVES HIS father's life, story, el, 7333, <& AD. 9066. 

dide ofi cros, graunt me that I may deye for my fadir." " I assent,'' 
qnod the Emperoure, " for al is on to me, so fat on be dede." " sir," 
seyde the sone, '' sithe I shaH dye, I aske the law of yow, sett, fat I 
may have iij. peticiouns or I deye." "yis," quod the Emperowr, 
" aske what thow wolte, ther may no mail denye hit." " sir," quodi 
he, " I aske firste to have youre dowter by me a ny^t in my be<J." 
The "Emperour grauntid that peticion), for lost of observaimce of the 
lawe ; but hit was gretly ayenste his herte. So the yonge man) hadde 
hir wttA him al nyght, but he folid hir not; and perfoie on the 
morowe the 'Emperour was hilie plesid. Tho he askid the secounde 
peticion), and saide, " sir, I aske al jour tresoure." the Emperour 
grauntid hit, for he wolde not be founde contrarie to his lawe. And 
th&n whenne the yonge man) had his tresoure, he delte hit anooh) 
to poi' Ss to Eiche, in so moche fat he wanne ther by the wille & the 
love of Eueri mafi. And then he askid the thirde petuciou), in this 
forme, " sir," he saide, " I aske J)e len of alle the men fat seye my 
fadir tume the playse, fat fei be pikid oute." & so thowte fei on 
aftir anof er, yf I seye so, myn yen shul be pickd oute. so hit fel, 
fat f er was noon) that wolde seye that he sawe hit, scil. fat he sawe 

[Second Version, Addit MS. 9066.] 

Emperour, and said, IT " Gracious lord, for the love of hym that died 
on the crosse, lette me dye for my fadir." IT The Emperoui^ said, " it 
liketK me wele, that one dye for brekyng of the lawe." The sone 
herd this, and said, " Sithen) it is so, that I shaH dye, I aske the 
benefice of the lawe, that I may have iij. peticions, before I dye." 
The Emperour said, "aske what thou wilte; no man shatt denye 
the the lawe that is made." IF "lord," he said, "thou hast a faire 
doughtir, and gracious to the sight of every man ; I aske that she 
may lye by me all nyght." The Emperour graunted hym. Kever- 
thelesse he defouled her not ; In that the sone of the Erie mekeH 
pleased the Emperour. IT " The second peticion), I aske thi Tresoure." 
The Emperour' graimted hym a& his tresoure, for his law that he 
had made. The sone toke the tresoure, and dalte it to poore men 
and riche ; wherfore he had the wille of the peple. IT " The third 
peticion) is, I aske the eyen) of alle hem that sawe my fadir tume 
the playse in the disshe." IF Anon) was made an Inquysicion), who 
sawe the Erie tume the playse in the disshe. One thought, " yf I 
sey ye, I shaH lese bothe myn) eyen)." thus the second said, and 
the third, and all other j so . that there was not one, that sawe the 


the Erie tnme the playse in the dishe. " loo ! sir^/' qnod the yonge 
mafi," yife me nowe a loste dome." " Now for sothe," quod the 
Emp^rourey ** si))e ther is non ])at wolle seye it, ne noon accuser is 
I-founde, fere shalle noon) be dede." And so he saveid his fadris 
lyfe, and was hilie comendid, and weddid the Emp^'ouis dowt^. 


Ere frendes, )>is Emp^oure is the fadir of hevin, that made this 
lawe, pat no man sholde tome the playse. by this plays we 
may vndirstonde wordly goodes, the which vs ooithe not to 
tome by the blak part, seiL not to fonge hem by avarice, or covetise, or 
falshed, but that we holde vs contente withe swich as god sent ; & yf 
we do ]>e contrarie, we shulle be dampned. The Erie, that comyth 
withe his sone, is Adam, pe first fadir, ]>at come fro the felde of damask 
to the contree of paradyse ; ]>e whiche soone tumde pe plays, scU p&t 
he ete of the apple, by the whiche he was dampnid. thenne pe 
Sonne of Adam, 8ciL otire lorde Ihesn Ciiste, proiird him to the 

» Sirs, MS. • leaf 176, col. 1. 

[Second Version. Addit, MS. 9066.] 

Erie tume the playse in the disshe. IT Than said the sone of the Erie 
to the Emperoui*, " Beholde, my lord, and yeve a rightfuH dome." 
Than he said, " sithe it is so, that no man knoweth, that saw thi 
fadir tume the playse in the disshe, I wille not that he be dede." 
And thus the sone saved the fadirs lyf* ; and after the Emp^*ours 
dissease, ho wedded his doughtir. 

IF Declaraoio. Erendes, this Emperour is the fadir of heven ; that 
made this lawe, that none shuld tume the playse. IT For the playse 
we shall vndirstonde worldly goodes, that we shi^ not tume the 
blak* side, that is, by covetise and falsehede to gete the goodes of the 
world; but we be content with resonable mete and drynk*, and 
clothyng ; for yf we draw and do the contrarie, we shall be dampned 
to ever lastyng dethe, but we amend vs. IT The Erie, that come with 
the sone, is Adam, the first ^ fadir, that come from the feld of 
damysene to the court of paradise, that anon) agayn) turned the 
playse agayn) the lawe, whan he ete of the playse. If That is to sey, 
whan he ete of the apple, wherfore he shuld be dampned to ever 
lastyng dethe. IF That saw the sone of god, that is, the sone of 
Adam, our lord Ihe^u Crist, that toke flessh of Adam ; therfore he 
is called his sone. ho offred hym self* to the deth, to the Fadir of 

' leaf 18, back. 


"Em-perour of hevene, for to deye for his fadir Adam); and! the 

Emperoi^r of hevene grauntid hit, that he shulde dye for his fadir 

Adam, sciL al mankynd?. Neuertheles or he dide, he made iij. peti- 

ciouns, scU. for to have the dowte?* of the Emperowr with him, scil, 

to have pe sowle with him in hevene ; as is saide, Os. IT Desjponsabo te 

viichiy IT I shaH: wedde J>e soule to me. J)e secounde pat he askicJ, J>e 

tresoure of the kyngdom) of hevene,^ vn^e, Sicut disposuU mihi 

pater mens regnum, de dispone vohis, IT As my fadir haj>e ordeynicJ 

the kyngdom) to me, so I dispose hit to yow. ])e J^irdde he askid 

alle pQ yen of the accusers to be don) out, scil, he askyd,^ that alle 

deveh's, Jjat excitithe men to synne, my^te he shut fro^ the lyt of 

euerlastyng grace. And so he savid mankynde fro dethe, & browte 

hem to pQ kyngdom) of hevene. Ad quod nos &e. 

Hevne, MS. 
■ There U a repetition Itere of a liney by negligence of the Scribe, 

» for, MS. 

[Second Version. Addit, MS, 9066.] 

heven). IT The fadir graunted hjrm the deth for mankynde ; IT Never- 
thelesse he asked iij. peticions of the fadir or he died. The first he 
asked his doughtir, that is, mannes soule, to have her ^vitli hym in 
the ])lisse of heven) ; as Osee the P7*r/phete saith, I shaDe wedd her 
to me. IT The seconde he asked the tresour of heveii), as he seith 
hym self*, as my fadir hath disposed to me the kyngdome, so I dis- 
pose it to you. IT The thirde he asked, that all her eyen) shuld be 
put out, that is, that all the devels be drawen out from the light of 
goddes grace, that steren) men to synne. and so crist saved mankynd 
from ever lastyng deth, and ladde hem to the Empire of heven. 

[ XXXIX. ] 


(op a child which was entrusted to a knight, and how it was 
carried off by a msaft and recovered.) 

Olemius was a wise Emperoure Reignyng in the citee of Home ; 
the whiche ordeynid for a lawe, pat yf any norisshe tooke ^eny 
childe to be norished, yf the childe dide, or wei* lepre, in def auto 

' leaf 176, col. 2. 


of the noiyshe, she shuld be dede. perefoi^ Iiappid in a tyme, that jtere 
was a kynge, that had a fail' sone ; and a knyght askid this childo 
of him, to be nonshed fro his modir, and he grauntid it, and seide, 
" be ware, that the chylde have noon) harme in thi defaute ; for yf» 
he have, I wol pursue the lawe a-yene the." " Sir," quod he, " I 
assente." He Receyvid fe childe, & deliuend it to a nonshe. So it 
fel aftirwarde, fat per was in the same cite a concurs of peple, by 
cause of a gret f eyi', in so moche alle ]>at wei' in the house yede out 
to se the feyi^, and lefte the childe by hit seKe at^ home in the 
cradille, and shutte the doi' aftir hem ; and thei wei' oute a longe 
tyme. And in the mene tyme ]^ere come a wolfe, and Enterid in at 
the yate of the castelle, and yede in to the house fere the chylde 
laye, and toke the chylde, and Eanne thei' Yriih to wood. And as 
the wolfe Eanne with the chylde, a Shepard stode in the toppe of a 
tree, and gaderid frute ; & whenne he saw the wolfe bei' the chylde, 
he blew his home thris, and made a lowde crye, at the whiche cry 
al the cite come oute ; and the wolfe was Eonne to the woode with 
the childe. and men sette houndis aftir, & founds the wolfe, and 
toke the childe fro him, but the chylde had a gret signs of biting of 
the wolfe. Then the knijte toke the chylde, and Yrith in a few 3eris 
bare him to the kynge, his fadir. And when f e kynge saw the 
childe have a signs of bitynge, he saide to him, ** frende, I toke to 
the my childe safe, and withe outeh) wounde and hurte ; take me my 
sone as I toke him to the, or elles I shalle pursue the Empgroures 
lawe ayenst the." ]>enne spake the kni3te, and saide, " sir, trowist 
thow that I be god) how shulde I hele thi childe of alle spottt9 
& wounded 1" then seide the kyng, "how, and in what defavte 
hathe the childe swiche a spotte in the fronted yf it be in fy 
defaute, then thin accion) shati stonde in my strenght ; and yf it be 
of kynde, I may have 'noon) accion) ayenst the." "ser," quod the 
knijte, " I graunt welle that a wolfe toke him in my defaute, but 
he slowhe him not ; and towching that defaute pai I makid, I put 
me in yowf mercy." pen seide the kinge, " ))enne wolle I, that fow 
do homage to me fro hens for]7eward, and pat pon have no lorde but 
me ; and fen) I foryeve the py defaute and trespas in this cas." 

* a, MS. • leaf 176, back, col. 1. 

158 XL. shtlogk's bond. STOBY. HARL, 7333. 


DEre frendes, \% Emperoore that makithe this law, is oure lorde 
Jhesiu. Criste, fat ordeynid, ]>at yf a childe, sciZ. a clene soule, yif 
to a man) for to noiisshe in goode werkes & vertues, deye, or be 
hurty he shulde [lese] eu^rlastinge Ijfe. hut for sothe ther bethe monj 
men of holy chirche, that havithe cure off* Sowles, go))e to the f eyns, 
ynprofitahle si^tis, as tavemys, wrestelynge^, huntynge^, and! swich 
yanyteys of ]>e worlde, that Ofte the wolfe, Bcil. the devil, takithe in 
hir de&ute the soule out of the cradille of holie chirche, & Eynnith 
])6re withe to wode of helle. but thenne ]»e herde, sciV. a goode 
prelate or a prechoure, [that] dwellithe in the^ tree of holy writte, 
blowithe, scr/. prechi]>e witA the home of goddes grace ; and so the 
soule is deUverecl ho the powei^ of a synner, and berithe a signe, ]>at 
it was som tyme in the seruitute of the devil, and now is lyveryd* 
And J^erefoi' it behovithe vs to be sarvauntes, and submitte vs to 
god, as longe as wee live in this worlde, to plese him, that we mowe 
come to him, Qui cum Patre &c. 


(the **bond" btobt in the ''mebchant op veniob.") 

SElestinus Eeignid a wyse Emperoure in Home, and he had a 
faire dowter j and in his tyme ther was a kny3te that lovid this 
dowter, but he thowte in him 'selfe that he dud al in veyne, for' 
he thow^t as fbr sothe, that the Emperoure wolde not late him to have 
hir, for he was vnworthi ther to. Neuerfeles he thought, yf he 
myght be ony wey have love of the damiselle, it were I-nowe to me. 
he yede ofte tyme to the damiseH, and aspied hir wille; & she 
saide to him a-yene, that he travaylid al in veyne. " for trowist 
thow," quod she, "wzt/t thi deseyvable and* faire wordes to begile 
me ? nay, sir, be my soule, hit shal not be so 1" ]?enne saide the 
kni3te, "what shal I yeve to the, and late me lye by the *nyghtt" 
" Not ])owh J>ou woldest yeve me an c. marke of florens," quod she, 

" the the, MS. • leaf 176, back, col. 2. » of, MS. 

XL. SHYLOCK's bond. 8T0RT. HAUL. 7383. 159 

"J>ou shalt not lye by me a nyght." "J>en) Mt shal be as Jwu 

wilte," quod he. what dude he but purveyde him of so muche 

mony, actl. an c. marke of floreyns, & yaf hir. whenne nyght 

come, pe kni^te enteric) in to the bed of the mayde, and a>nooh) he 

was a-slepe ; and she dude of hir hames, & come, & laye downe by 

him ; so the kni^te laye slepynge al the nyght. On) ^ morow she 

Hos, & did on) hii clothis, & wishe her hondes; and the kni3te 

a-woke of his slope, & thenne he saide, '' come hedir to me, that I 

may do my wille with the." - " Nay, by the helj> of my fadir, that 

wolle I not," quod she, "for, frende, I do the no wronge. J>ow 

accordiste with me that I shidde lye withe fe al nyte, and so it is 

I-don) ; for I lay by the al nyght, & fon sleptest, & proferdest me 

no solace ; and J^erefore blame thi selfe, & not me." And fe kni^te 

was heyy, and seide, " what shal I yeve to the, & lete me lygge by 

J)e anojcre nyght t" "As muche," quod she, "as J>ou did afoi*, & 

no lasse." " I assente," seide he. And the knijte yede, and solde 

aH his mevable goodes, and made Eedy an c. marke of floreynse ; but 

se now a marvelovse case 1 for Eight as hit was ))e furste nyght, so 

hit was in the secounde. thenne the kni^te m^Traylid more ])anne 

man may suppose, and hevy he was, and saide, "Alias 1 foi' now 

have I spend al my godes withe oute spede, and ferioie, ^]>owhe^ 

I shuH dye ]>6refoie, I wolle make anopere £nde. how moche shaH 

I yeve the, and late vs be to-geder the thirde nyght)" quod the 

kni3te to the damiseft. " sothely," she saide, " yf fou have me, as 

))(7U paide afore, fiai voluntas tua" " I assent," quod he, " ^on 

shalte' have ]yin askynge and thi wille." \>e knijte yede in to fei' 

contree, Til he come to a grete citee, in the whiche wer' many 

marchaunte^, & many philesophers ; amonge the wiche was master 

Yirgile, ^ philesofere. then the kni^te yede to a grete marchaunt, 

and saide, " I have [nede] of monye, & yf thow wolt lende me an c. 

marke ynto a certeyne day, I wolle ley to the al my londes, yndir 

this conducion), pat If I holde not my day, thow shalt have my 

londes for eu^re." ]?enne seyde the marchaunt, " Dei' frend, I sette 

not so muche be thi londes, but yf thow wolt make this covenaunt, 

fat I shalle sey to the, I wolle fulfill fi wille." " yis," saide he, " I 

» leaf 177, col. 1. • )k)w, MS. » shlate, MS. 

160 XL. shylock's bond, story. HARL. 7333. 

am Redy to do thi wille, yf fou wolt do my petucion)." Jjenne seide 
he, " when) this couenaunt is made, ]7at I shalle sey vnto the, pernio 
I shalle fulMLe fjne askynge ; and fe covenaxmt shalle be this, ^at 
foTJL make to me a charter of thin owne bloo(}, in conducion), that yf 
thowe kepe not Ji day of payment, hit shalle he lefuUe to me for to 
draw awey alle the flesh of thi body froo the bone, viith a sharp 
swerde ; and yf thow wolt assent hei* to, I shalle fulfille \>i wille." 
The kni3te louid the damiseti so moch, ]7at he graunticF al this ; and 
made a charter of his owne bloode, and solid it ; & after the selying, 
this marchaunt toke him the mony ]>at he askid. when he had 
the moneye, he ]70ute to him selfe, " yf I gete [not] my wylle by 
this moneye, I am but dede ; nay, nay, it may not be so." when) 
he harde telle of the grete name of maister virgile, he yede to him, 
and seide, '' gode sir, I have previ counseiH to speke a-twene rs too, 
and I be-seche yowe of youre wise counseiH in this cas." " Sey on)," 
quod virgile, " and I shalle telle the, aftir my discrecion)." " sir, I 
love the dowter of the Emperoure, mor^ fan) ye woUe trowe ; and 
I accordid wit^ hir for a certen) sum of money. I have be disceyvid 
. two nyghte^ in) swiche maner," — & tolde alle Jje cas, as welle as he 
coude,; — " and, sir, nowe I have borowed of a marcha?^nf so moche 
moneye, for the same cas to be fulfillid, and vndir this conducion) 
t>at yf I holde not my day of payment, hit shalle thenne be lefulle 
to him to helde of alle the skynne of my body with his * swerde, and 
then I am but dede ; and ther for, sir, I am come to yow, to have 
oounsaiti & wyt, how I may bothe have helpe ayenste swiche a 
parili, and also to have the love of that lovely lady." " J)ou hast 
made a lewde covenawwt," seide virgile; "For as a man bindithe 
hhn withe his owne wiUe, right so he shatt be seruid, be lawe of the 
Emperoure ; & Jjerefore J)Ou shalt do wysely for to kepe fe day of 
thi payment, alle thinge^ lefte. And towchinge \fe dameseH, I 
shalle yeve the a tale of truthe. bi-twene her shete & hir couerlyte 
of hir bed is a letter of swiche vertu, that who so euer gothe wiUi 
hir to bed, he shsdi anon) falle in to a dede slepe, & he shalle not 
wake til tyme J>at hit be put awey ; and ferefore when thowe comest 
to hir bed, seche a-twene the shete and the coue;*lyte, and Jpow shalt 

» leaf 177, col. 2. 

XL, SHTLOOB.'lS BOND. 8T0RT. HARL. 7383: 161 

fjnde tlie letre ; and wbeii) )k>w hast founde Mt, caste hit fer froih) 
the bedde, and thenne Entre in to the bed ; for ^u shalt not slepe 
til tyme that thow hast doon) thi wiUe withe the damiselle, and that 
ehalle tome to the gret honoui' and loye." The kni^te toke his leve 
at Yiigile, and thonkid him moche of his hie counseiH ; and yede 
to the damyseHy and jafe hir the monye. when nyjt come, the 
kni3t entmd the chaninbei', and preveli putte his honde hitwene ])e 
cou^rlite and the shete, and ))dre he fonde the lett^ ; & whenne he 
badde hit, he caste hit fer fro the bedde, and lay downe, & feynid 
as he hadde I-slepte. And thenne the damiselle, trowing that he 
had y-slepte, as he dude afoi', she caste of hir clothis, & went to 
bedde. Anon) ]ye knijte sette hande to hir, as is ^e maner of bed ; 
and she p^rceyrid that, and prayd him of grace, and to save hir 
maydinhode. — " And I shaH dovble al the monye that thow hast 
yevin to me, and yeve it to the." ])enne said he, " Thow lokist at 
a wronge hole ; ^y wordes bethe in wast j I shati now do in dede 
that I have longe labovrid foi* ; " — and ocupijd him with hir body, 
as conrs is of kynde. And aftir he lovid hir so muche, that he drow 
BO moche to hir compane, that he for-^ate ]>e marchaunt ; and the day 
of payment was passid by the space of xiiij. dayes. And as he lay 
in a certen) nyght in his bed, hit come to his mynde, the day that 
he made to the marchaunt, and aH his bowelle^ wei' storid )>ere 
withe. & ^enne [he] saide to hir, '' Alas I woman), ]>at eoer I saw 
the, for I am but dede ! I borowed for thi love swiche a some of 
mony, for ^to pay at a certeyne day, hi this conducion), ^aX yf I pay 
not at my day, he shaH: have fufi powei' for to hilde of the fleshe of 
my body, vriik out contradiccioh) ; and now my day is passid four< 
tenyte ago, so hili I sette myn) hert in the." then seide she, 
" sorowithe not so moche ; gothe to him, and debbelithe the mony 
to him ; and yf he wolle not, aske howe moche he wolle have, and 
I shalle paye it." \>o was the kni3te comfortid j he ^ede to the 
citee, and \er^ he mette wt't/i the marchaunt in the stret, and lowly 
he saluid him. \>o saide the marchaunt, ''so sey I not to the." 
))enne seyde the kni^te, "s^r, for the trespas that I have made 
ayenst youre conuencion), I wolle dowble fe payment." **-Naye,," 

« leaflTT, back, col.. 1. 

OKBTA. 11 

162 XL. shylock's Boin). stort. harl. 783d. 

seide the marchaunt, ^'f&t spake we not of; I wolle have JEtigbt as 
J«m dudist bynde the to me." "Aske of me," quo& the knight, 
** as muche mony as thowe wolte, andl thowe shalt* be paide for my 
trespas." **It is veyne that thow spekist," iqiiodl the marchaunt^ 
^* for thowhe thow geve to me al the gode of J)i citee, I wolle hare 
the coyenaunt I-holde ; & non) of ere wolle I have of the, ]>an as the 
charts asselid makithe mencioun) ot" Andl anon) he made th6 
kni3f to be I-take, andl lad to the casteH, and sette him in a safd 
warde, abydinge the Instioe. when the luge was come, & satte in 
the dome, the kni3t come to ban' amonge oper pnssoners ; and the 
marchaunt shewid his letrd afoi' the luge. Alioon) as ye luge sawe 
pare his owne dede, he saide to alle that stode abonte, ^'siis, ye 
know welle it is the law of the Emperotir, that yf enye man) bynde 
him by his owne free wille, he shal Besseyre as he servithe ; and 
fereiore this merchaunt shalle have coyenaunt*, as lawe wolle.'' Now 
in al ])is tyme pe damysefi, his love, had sent kiu^te^ for to aspie 
and Enquei', how the law was pursued a-yenst him ; & whenne she 
harde telle that the lawe passid ayenst him, she kytte of al the longe 
hei' of hir hede, and dadde hir in pracious clothing like to a man ; 
and yede to the palys fere as hir lemon) was to be demyd, and saluyd 
))e lustice ; and al they trowid fat she had be a kn^te. And ^e 
luge Enquerid, of what conttee she was, and what she had to do ther ) 
She said, " I am a kni^te, & come of fei' contree, and hei' tithingev 
that \fere is a knijte aihonge ^yowe, that shnlde be demid to dethe 
for an) obligacion) that he made to a marchaunt; and fereiore I 
am come to deliuar him.'' Jkumt fe luge saide, ^it is lawe of the 
Emperoure, ]>at who so ensr byndethe him Wtt^ his owne ^opre 
wille & consente, 'with oute enye constraynytige, he shnlde be se^niid 
so ayene.'' when the damiseH harde this, she tumid to the mar- 
chaunt, and saide, "dei^ frend, what profite is H to the that this 
kni3te, that stondithe he'i' redy to the dome, be slayne) it wet' 
[better] to the to have monye, than to hate him slayne." " j)on 
spekist al in veyne," quod the merchaont*, ''for wtt^ oute dowte t 
wolle have the lawe, si^ he bonde him so fiely ; and feretoi^ he 
nhalle have nooid oper grace ))an lawe Wolle ; tot he come to me, and 

' leaf 177, back, ecA. 2. 

XL. SHTLOOK's bond. 8T0RT. BABL. 7388. 16S 

I not to lum ; I desiriJ him not ^ereto a-yenste bis wille." penne 
seide she, '^I praye ]>e bowe mocbe sballe I yeve to bare my 
petudoid 1 I sballe yeve tbe tbi monye double, and yf tbat be not 
plesynge to tbe, aske of me vbat yaa wolte, & foM sbalt bare ) " ]>eii 
saide be, ^'tbow bazde me neuer seye, bat that I wolde bave my 
covenaunt kepte." '^ So^y," seyde sbe, ''and Jktu sbalt, trowe me. 
Af oi' yowe,^ sir inge, and alore yowe alle, I sey now, six inge, yeyitbe 
a Eigbbnsdome of pat )>at I sballe sey to yowe. ye bave I-barde 
bowe mocbe I bave proferid tbis marcbaunt for )>e lyf of tbis kni^te, 
and be forsakitbe all, and askitbe tbe lawe ; and tbat likitbe me 
mocbe. And tberfoi^, lordinges, tbat hepe bei', heritbe me wbat I 
sballe seye. ye knowitbe welle, \>at tbe knijte bonde bim neuer by 
letter, but tbat tbe marcbaunt sbulde bave powei* to kitte bis fiesbe 
fro tbe boons, but fere was no couenaunt made of sbeding of blode ; 
))ere of was notbing Lspoke. And ^erefoi' late bim set bond oid 
bim anoon); and yf be sbede ony bloode witi^ bis sbavinge of tbe 
fiesbe, for so)>e tben sballe tbe kynge bave goode lawe vpon^ bim.'' 
And wben tbe marcbaunt barde tbis, be said, ''yef me my monye, 
and I foryeve my accion)." " Fot soje," quod sbe, " tbowe sbalt not 
bave 00 penye ; for arfoi^ al tbis companye I proferid to tbe al )»Kt 
I mygbt, and fan forsoke bit, and saydist witbe a lowde voyse, I 
sballe bave my covenaunte ; ^and yerioi^ do' tbi beste witbe bim, but 
loke ]>at ^ow sbede no blode, I cbaige tbe, for it is not tbin, ne no 
oovenaunt was fere of ])enne fe marcbaunt seynge tbis, yede 
awey confus, and so was tbe knijtea lyf sauid, & no penye I-payda 
And Ae yede bome ayene, and dude of tbat dotbinge, & clotbid bir 
as sbe was af oi', like to a woman). And tbe knijte yede bome a-yene ; 
and tbe damisdi tumid, and met bim, and askid bowe be bad 
I-spedde, as thowbe sbe bad not knowen tber of. '' A I lady," quod 
be, '' ])is day was I in poynt to be dede for fj love, but as I was in 
point to be dampnid, fere come in sodeynlye a knite, a fail* and wel 
I-fibape, tbe wbicbe I sawe neuer afoi^; and be deliumd me by 
bis Ezoellent wisdam, bo)w from detbe and eke from) payment d 
moneye." ** ])enne were tiiow "• quod sbe, " vnkynde, fat woldeat 
nat bidde tbat knijte to mete, tbat so faire bad sayid tbe." He 

' TOUT, KB. * leaf 178, ool. 1. * thowbe, MS. 

164 XL. shylock's bond. HORALITE. HARL, 7883. 

aunswerde pere to, & saide, ^at he come sodenly, andl sodenly yede. 
))eime seide she, "knowiste J>ow him, if^ J>ou seye himl" "yee," 
quod he, '' Eight wele." She yede vp, and cladde hir as she dide 
afore ; and ))en she yede forthe, and the kni^te knewe her thenne 
wele, and for loye fel dovne vpori) hire, and saide, " hlessid be thow, 
& )>e houre in the whiche I f yrste knew the 1 " And he wepte ; and 
af tir he weddid hir, and livid & deyde in the service of god ; and 
yelde to god goode sowlis. 


DEre frendes, pia Emperoui' is fe Fadir of hevin, otire lorde JhesvL 
Criste ; pQ dowter, ]>at is so f aire, is the sowle I-made to the 
similitude of god. ])e knijt, that stirithe hir to synne, is Euery 
worldly man), the whiche is ahoute hothe nyte and day to foule his 
Boule ; and ferioi^ he proferithe many grete yifte^, Bcil, veyne worldly 
goodes. [But as longe] as fe letre lithe in the bedde^ aeil. veYtues 
whiche fe soule receyvid in baptime, so longe he may not foule ]>e 
^soule ; and so bethe they contrarijd to-gedyr, bcU, the sprite & ]>e 
iieshe; & perefoi^ seithe )>e Apostle, Spirittie eoneupiscit aduersiu 
camem, et caro adueraus epiritum, &c. This is to seye, ])e sprite 
coveitithe ayenste \fe fleshe, and the fleshe ayenste the sprite, pen 
ye kni^t, scil. fe fleshely man, gothe to the marchaunt, sciZ. to the 
devil, as ofte as he delitithe in dedly synne; & he writithe the 
charter, when) he consentithe to synne ; be selithe hit, when he dothe 
the synne. for in holy writte ££fucion) of bloode is not eHea but 
trespas in synnyng, or effucion) hi cause of synne ; as Crist shadde 
his blood by cause of synne; and so al that dothe synne beth^ 
sarvaunte^ of the deviHs, as thes wordes witnessitiie, OuiuB operc^ 
guis faoiiy serutu Eim est, This is to seye, Eche man is seruaunt of 
him, whos werkis he worchi^. And therfoi', yi we do synne, we 
bethe sarvaunte^ of the devil, viigile, that meuyd him to meve ]>e 
letr6, is pryde of lyf, pe whiche suffrithe not that a soule livithe not 
in dennesse. For as sone as rertues bethe Bemevid by assentyng to 
Bynne, assone the soule fallithe, and a man) is delitid in synne, ))at 
he foryetithe pe euerlastyng lyf whiche he lost for synne, til tyme 
* of, MS. > Mortalitee, MS. ' leaf 178, col. 3. 


that sekenesB come of f eblenesse, by povert, or tribulacion) ; & ^en&e 
swiche men bethe ofte tyme attacbi($ by the marchaunt, aeil, ^e 
devil, in so moche that the wiecchid man) shalle have no powei' to 
make satisfaccionii) or sorowe for his synnes, but outerly stondithe in 
perilis of dethe. thenne the damiselle seing this, she clotheithe hir 
like to a knight right so we shulde do ; we shulde caste fro ys 
the olde lyf, and doj^e ys vrith a newe, bcH, goode yertuys, and! 
assende ypon) the palfrey of fiesoune, and so go f orthe to holy chirche, 
& ))ere pray god witA a folle herte, & alleg^ ayenst pQ devil, that 
he sle vs not, by cause that god bowte vs. but then vs muste take 
awey the fleshe, aciL flesshelye aflfecciouns, so that no bloode falle, 
BcU, no synne be in vs ; f or yf we do not so, aeU. take awey flesshely 
affecciouns, ^at fere be no synne, eHea fe Emperoure of hevene 
woUe have an accioh) a^yenst vs. And yf we wolle thus alegge 
ayenste J)e devil, as ]>e damisel dud a-yenst the marchaunt, withe- 
outen dowte ))enne shalle the flesshe & fe sprite be mar^d, to live in 
blisse, &c. 

[ XLI. ] 

(of an EMPEBOR who suffered THB LOSl^ OF HIS ETB FOR THB 


SEsar was a wise Emperoure Eeignynge in the cetee of Eome ; & 
he ordeynid for a lawe, ]>at yf fere wei' eny man) ]>at defoulid a 
virgine, he shulde lese bothe his yen. This Emparoure had a 
Sonne, that he louid moche. hit happid oh) a certeyne day, as this 
yonge man walkid by the citee, he mette withe a fayi' mayde, fe 
dowter of a certeyne wedowe j & he oppressid hir, & f oulid hir in 
fleslu And the Emperoure come to the cetee, and pe forsayde 
wedowe mette withe him, knelyng vppon) hir knees, and seide to 
him, <'My lorde, do Bight and lawe, as thow^ haste ordeynid pi 
selfe. for I had but oo dowter, and thi sone hathe defoulid hir 
by oppression) and strenght." ))enne the Emp^roure was hilie 
y-mevid in mynde, & saide to his sone, '' A I cursid wrecche, whi 
hast thow don) a-yenste my lawel j)oxi shalt have the law wit}ie 

* leaf 178, back, col. 1. * their, MB. 


outene dowte, aa I have ordeTniJ." wken worthi lordea haide J^ia, 
thei aeiden alle witA ob) royse, '^orde, ]k7u haat bat ob) aone, and 
]y«refoie it ia not for the beste, ^t ]Kni do oute hia yen." then 
aeide the Emperonre, ^* Sira, ye knowithe wel, ]>at I made the lawe;^ 
& he hathe broken) hit ; & )>erefo]^ aithe he ^ ia my aonne wolde 
breke hit» he ahalle have the lawe." ''A! lorde," aeyde thei, 
*' for hia love that dide o^ the CTosae, do]» not ao to youie aone ; for 
that wei' aftii yotcr diaceae a grete ahame to tb, that we ahnlde have 
a blynde man to oui' Emp^roui^ aftir ^yowe." ))enne aeide ]rai 
Emperoure, ^' Jeanne ahalle I arawage the lawe in him, aaci yitte 
fulfiUe hit, anci that in thia mandr. Myn ye ia ^ ye of my aone, & 
hia ye ia myn) ; and ^efoi' takithe onte on) ye of myn) hede, and 
ano])ere ye out of my aonea hede, and ao the law ahalle be kepte." 
kni3t69 yede to, and dude in al poyntea aa the Emp^rottr comaundid, 
in ao muche that men diadde hili the Emp^ronie after, for ]»e hard 
dome that he had yeyin Jter, & ao atietlye I-kepte. 


DEie Frendea, ))ia Emperoure ia oiue lord Ihera Criat ; that or- 
deynid for a lawe, that yf eny man) foulid a virgine, he ahnlde 
leae his yen), )>at*i8, the light of hevene. but the aone of the 
Emparoure deflourid a virgine, bcU, a Cristen man, ])at foulithe hia 
aoide by synne ; and \eiio^ the Emperoure Gnate aorewithe, 
whenne ]>at ^ wedowe, sct7. conaciena, pleynithe ; & ]»erefore he 
foi>«oke hia light in hevene, what tyme that he come dovne from) 
hevene, and for oure transgreaaiim) & oure trespaa putte him aelve 
out from) the light of hevene, takynge the forme of a eym|de 
aarvaunt ; and not only did oute one ye, but auffiid al his body to 
be woundid to dethe. And ao he wolle that )K>a, aynner, auffine to 
have out an oyer ye, bcU. to do atronge penaunae wi^ him for thi 
aynne, that god may aeye,* ''aa I suSred penafmoe fore y^ Eight 
80 do ^ou, whenne )K>w art in dedlye synne." and ao, air, ^ lawe 
of the Emperoure may be kepte, and Jnm be aaf, and have ]>e empire' 
of hevene. Ad quod no8 perducat^ &c. 

* leaf 178, back, col. 2. ' that \>m God« may right, MS. See l^etei, 
* Emperoure, MS. * pardncat, MS. 


[ XUI. ] 




^'X^O^®^*'' Beignid a wys Emperouie in the citee of Eome, andl be 
weddid a wyf of the kyngdom) of spajne ; the whicli woman 
bare in bis tyme iij. childeiii)). In a day wbene )>e Empires was 
a-greyid wip the kynge, she saide to him, *' I telle )e sotbely, on of thes 
cbilderin is pi sone, and the opere too be^ not thin." pe Emperonre 
berynge tbes wordes, seide to hire, ** I piay ]»e, tel me wbiche is my 
Sonne 1 " " I^ay>" quod she, " I wol not, for yf I dude, Jou woldest 
sette al thi care & pi love in him that wez' thi childe, and not oii) 
the Ofere; and Ji^refore as longe as pou livist, pon sbalt have of 
echon) lik cm', & love in berte." peime the Emperour beilde him 
stille, & wolde speke no moi^ of that mater. And whenne he laye 
01]} his detbe-bed, he callid the i^. cbilderii) to him, & seide, 
** deere frendes, I moste nedis dye nowe, and I may not eschew bit ; 
and J^erefoi' I have bei' a Kynge, pe wbiche I yeve & beqnetbe to 
him of yow pai is my sone." And aftir pea wordes be dide ; & pe 

> leaf 179, col 1. 

[Seeond Vermm. Addit. MS. 9066, leaf 18, (ocft.] 

[ XII. ] 

POleminns reigned in Home, that had taken) bym a wyf of the kyng- 
dome of Spayn), that brought bym fortfi ig. sones, that wexen) 
faire children). The Emperesee was on a tyme wiothe, and said 
ynto the Emperoui', f '^ I say the for sothe, that one of the children) is 
thyne, and np mo." II The emperour said, '' I pray the telle me which ^ 
of all thise is my sone." she said, '^ I shafi not telle the, for yf I 
sbuld telle the, thou shuldest love bym, and cberissb bym, and not 
the other ; Therfore while thou livest, thou sbalt cberissb hem 9SL 
y-like." IT The Emperour, whan be badde herd this, be was in pease, 
and wold no more speke of the matir. Sone after be fille sike ; and 
whan be bad laboured in his last ends, be called to bym bis i\j. 
sonnes, and said to hem, "Children), I sbidl not ascape this sike- 
nesse, IT But I have a precious ryng, and I bequetb it to bym that is 

\ whi, MS. 


£mp67*oure was, as is fe mauer & Resoun), wurshipefuUi buried. 
Aft^V his buriinge the iij. childerin made distaunce for pe Ring, and 
that longe, til tyme pat J>e yonger brofer seide, " J?is is not worthe to 
make suche a stryf; late vs go to the kynge of Ien«alem, fat 
dwelli|)e her* beside vs, & late vs stonde to his dome." J^enne seide 
Jjey, " J)at is gode counseiH," J?ey yede to Jje kynge, & tolde hi7» 
ho we, & vndir what wordes, pat hir fadir had biquethe his ring.^ 
Anoon) fe kynge made pe Emperowr to be had out of pe Erjje, & 
made his body be y-bounde to a tree ; & he made echon of hem to 
take a bowe & an arowe, and bad hem shete at him, echon) aftir 
opere ; for he that smot« deppest in to the herte of him, he shulde 
have }je Rynge. they made hem Redy to this werke, in so moche 
that he firste toke an arowe, & shet a depe stroke in to the herte ^of 
the dede body ; pe secounde smote deppere than the firste ; & the 
yongest stoode a-fer, and be-helde the folis shete. " Come nere," quod 
the kyng, ** and shete thow; now late see, yf thow mow passe hem." 
water fel fro his yen), and he saide, " nay, god forbede, sir, that I 
shuld do swiche a dispite to him pat me gate ! I nolde do it for al 

» ping, MS. • leaf 179, col. 2. 

[Seco?id Ve7'8io7i, Addit M8, 9066.] 

my sone of you iij." whan he had said this, he died. 8on,e aftir, 
whan he was buried, the iij. sonnes striven) for the ryng. than the 
yonger brother said, " we are brethern) ; it is not good that stryf* be 
amonge vs. IT Here be-side there dwelleth a kyng ; go we to hym, 
and as he demeth lette vs stonde to his dome, for he is a wise man." 
they saideh), " this is a good counsaile." and anon they wenten to 
the kyng, and said to hym, how her fadir had bequeth a lyng to 
hym that is ^his sone of hem three. IT The kyng, whan he had herd 
the tale, he said, *^ gothe, and take vp your fadir out of the erthe, 
and bynde his body fast to a tree ; and than shall I sey what is to 
done." Thei didde as he badde. IT Than said the kyng, ** eche of 
you must have a bowe and an arowe ; and he that^ deppest 
in his fadirs hert, he shall have the rynge." IT The eldest shotte, and 
smote depe in his Fadirs hert. after that, the Second sone shotte, 
and smote depper than did the first. Than said the kyng, "for 
sothe thou hast smytten depper j^an thi brother*." IT The yongest 
brother stode aferre, and wept bitterly. The kyng said, " frende, 
Bhote as tjii brethern) have done." "god forbede !" said he, "that 

» leaf 19. 


the wordle." Thenne seide the kynge, " I am now sekir Jjat thow 
art his lawful! sone, and the othir too bethe bastardes, and not of 
his blode, and that is wel sene now; and Jjerefoi^ have hei* this 
Binge, as for thi Eight wel wist yonre fadir what he ment, when 
he bequathe the Einge^ & saide, < I yeve hit to him of yow, that is 
my» * " &c Amen I 


DEre &endes, this Emp^rouie is ouie lord Ibsra Criste ; ]>e Em- 
pires is holy chirche; J>e iij. childerin bethe iij. kyndes of men); 
|7e ringe that is rounde betokenithe hevene. by the iirste sone 
we yndirstonde lewes & sarsinis ; by the secoonde sone fals Cristen 
men, that afbir hir baptim diawithe toward ])e devil ; and by the 
thirde sone we vndiistonde the chosyn) childbrin of god. Nowe J)e 
fiiste childe shetithe, set/. lewes & sarasins, the whiche trowithe not 
that he was Lboi^ of a viigine, & toke passion), & suf&id de])e, and 
was I-bnried. ])e Secounde sone is a fals Cristen man) ; he smitethe 
depper, whenne he dothe a dedely synne, ^e whiche in tyme of 

\8ec(ynd Ver^iun. Addit MS. 9066.] 

I shuld do that dispite vnto hym that gate me, and that I shnld 
perissh his hert ; for afi the good in the world wold I not do that 
dispite to my fadir." IT Than said the kyng, ** with out doute thou 
art his sone ; and the other are not his sonnes ; and therfore your 
fadir bequathe wele the ryng." and so the yongest sone resceived 
it, and euded his lyf in pease. 

Beolaracio. Frendes, this Emp^rouz^ is our lord Jhega crist.. 
The Empresse is. holy chirch; the iij. sonnes are i^. maner of men. 
The rynge, that is rounde wtt^outen an ende, betokenel^ heven. IT By 
the first sone we shaH vndrestond the lewes and the Sar^ynes, IF And 
by the second we shuti vndrestond false cristen men, IT And by the 
thirde goddes chosen) sone. IT The first sone that shotte, that is, the 
lewes and the sarasynes, that trowe not that crist was borne of a 
maide, and suffred det£, and was buried, and rose agayn). IF But the 
second sone, that is, a false cristen man, that smote hym depper 
than the first whan he dothe a dedely synne ; for he did homage to 
god in his baptyme, Therfore he offended god more grevously, whan 
he synneth dedely, than the lewe or the sarasyn). V But the thirde 
brother, that is, a good cristen) man, that sorowith mekeH ail way 
whan he seeth god smytten) and offended by synne ; for he wille in 
no wise shete, that is, to synne ayenst god. And therfore shaH the 
rynge be yeve to such one, as the wise kyng that demed whicli of 



baptime made homage to go^, & forsoke the deviH and alle his 

pomperis ; & in ]>at that he made an homage, he grevithe god moi' 

^an) a lewe or a sarasyne, ]>at nevir made none. But the thirde 

soue, BcU, a gode Cristeo) man, be Boiowithe mnche, whanne he 

sethe god so smiteii) by synne, & he woUe ^not shete by no maner ; 

and ther-fore to him, as to the worthi childe ai^d a trewe soiie, is 

yeven) the Eynge, aeil Je loye of the kyngdom) of hevene. Ad quod 

no8 p&cducat &c. 

* leaf 179, back, ool. 1. 

[Second Version. Addit MS. 9066.] 

the iij. bietheni) shnld have the ryng, that is, the second persone of 
the Trinite, the wisedom) of the fadir, to whom aH domes are yeveo)* 
IT This is the wise kyng^, that shaH deme at the day of dome which of 
thise iij. brethern), that is, which of thise uj. peple, shafi have the 
lynge. IT The first sone, tho ben the hethen) peple, that wold not leye 
on god. IF The second sone ai^ false cristen men, that amend hem 
not, while thai liven witll contricion), ^confessioid, and satisfaecioB). 
none of thise ij. peple ahaH have the rynge, but be dampned to 
helle. IT The thirde sone are i^ trew cristen men and women, and 
tho that have be synners, and have amended her lyf here, while 
thei lived by contricion), confessioii), and satisfaccioii), and other 
good werkes of mercy. V To hem shaH be yeveh) the rynge that ia 
roande, and hathe none ende, by the whiche is vndirstond the blisse 
of heven, that hath none ende. IT To the whiche loye and blisse 
brynge vs this wyse domesman, whan he shaH sitte, and deme trewly 
idl thynge I 

< leaf 19, back. 



ABchilaus Eeignid a wise Emperonre in the citee of Borne, a 
semly mail, and of grete stature ; and this Emp^rour deairid 
gretly to have a sherte sotelyche I-made for his body, and wolde 
have it I-made by fe hondis of a vixgine vnfoulid. And therf ore he 
sente messageris oner al the Empire, to loke yf eny swiche myght be 
founde, J^at coude make swiche a shirte, but they coude fynde noon), 
but that they wei' corrupte, or vnperfite of the crafte, or vncunnynge 


in the mysterj. So oi]> a day, as thk Emperoure went in his 
orcharde, J^ere come to him a Secretariey ^t was nye of his oottiueiHy 
and saide to him, ''sir, tber ia a damis^ dwellyng hei^ in this 
londe, £iire anc) gneioiiSi and meinreilouBlye eotil in crafte, ^ whiche 
oan wel werche your aliertey aflbir youre desire & vse." when) the 
Empdronre harde that^ he was glad and iocounde i he calHd to him 
a messager, & saide to him^ '' go, in al the haste ^at ^oa may, for 
swiche a damesel, and make to hire a f aire salutacion), for hit is tolde 
me, that she is pert, & wise^ & clene, for to do my desyre ; and yef 
to hir in my name this lynne dothe^ ^ whiche is in lenght & brede 
bat i^. ynchis ; and sey to hir, that she make for me a shirte of so 
litle clo^ longe & brode y-nowhe for my body ; & yf so be that 
Aa by hir sotill crafte falfiUe my wylle^ in tins eas [she] shalle be 
my wyf." The messsg^ come to the damiaelle, and in the name of 
the Empsronre he woEshipfully gret hei*, and seide to hir, ^ damiael, 
my lorde the Emperoui^ sendithe me to the, and he gretithe ^ weii ; 
Land he^ he senditiM the lynne dothe, bayinge in qnantite i^. 
inchis; and he praythe the £nt»^, ^t \ovi make for him of this- 
litle qnantite a shirte, and that hit be longe & brode y-nowhe for 
his body." '' ])at wei* a wondirfull things" quod she, '' nenertheles 
I vndirtake to make for him a shirte large I-nowe for his body." ]>e 
meesager heringe thee wordes, he tumid home ay^ie, and tolde to 
the Emperoure of hir aimswei'. when the Emperoure harde that, 
he ordeynid an honest vessel, in the whiche she shulde werche hit. 
])e maide yede to werke, & she wrou3te in that vessel swiche a serke^ 
large I-nowe to the Emperoui'. when the Emperoure harde that, he 
weddid the damsel, & livid fairs lyfe, &a 


DEre f rendes, this Emperoure ia god, the fadir of hevene, the 
whiche walkith in the fairs Orchaide of hevene; andbifoi^the 
tyme that he had takin fleshe of maukynde that was loste, he 
thowte of hit, and of the lost ; & ])6ref of oui' faderis desirid to see him 
in fleshe, but they dud not, for god sent his sone, when he sawe tyme 
perto. The gentil damisel was the blessid wiigine maxie, to whom 

* leaf 179, iMok, eol S. 


god sent the archangell gabrieH, p&t grete hir when) he saide, ^ Ave 
gracia plena ! IT This is to seye, hayle ful of grace I neu^^eles she 
aunswerde doutefuUy, seing, thus, IT Qiwmodo fiet istud ? this is to 
seye, how shiilde this be I-done) the clothe hathe iij. inchLa, scil, 
powei' of the fadir, wisdom) of the sone, & grace of the holy goste ; 
and alle the worchinge of the trinitee was I-put in hii', when she 
conseyuid the sone of god. ])e yessell, that god yaf to worche 
in, was sanc^cacion) that he made in the wombe of his modir, 
wher withe that she myght conseyve ^e sonne of god; ^and so 
she WTOvte, ])at al the worlde myght not take for to worche, and the 
shirte, that was wrovte, was the manhode of Criste. To the whi(^ 
archangel she yaf graunt, & be-hite him, wheii she saide, Ecce ancUla 
doniini ; fiat tnichi secundum verbum tuunif This is to seye, loo! 
the hande-mayde of the lorde ; be it I-do to me aftir thi worde, or 
as povL hast I-seyde. She hadde a wessel yevin) to hir, whenne hit 
was I-seyde to hir, Spiritus sanctus ohumbrahit tUn^ ))e holy gost 
eballe liten) in the as a shadow. And thus she be-come the spouse 
of Ciiste for Eu^rmoi'* Qua nosperducai^ &c. 

[ XLIV. ] 


SAtuminus was a wys Emperoure Eeigning' in the citee of Borne ; 
the which had iij. dowteris, that he mar^'d vnto i^. dukes, with 
grete loye & withe grete powef ; and withe in thre yei* f e iij^ 
dukis wei^ dede, and iij. wodewis wei^ I-left bihinde. Aftir ])is dethe, 
J)e Emp6?-our^ come to the first dowtcr, & saide to hir, " dowt«r, I 
counseiH the, that fou take an husbonde, and I shalle gete the a 
noble man), and a worthL" " JN"ay," quod she, " I woUe noon), and 
that for this skylle. ye wote welle, that I am ney^ere feire, ne 
semlye, ne plesynge to mannis^ ye ; and fereioie no mail wolle take 
me for bye, but for my Richesse ; and feretoie I make myn) avowe* 

' leaf 180, ool. 1. * parduoat^ MS. ' reignig, Ma ' 

* man is, MS. * avove, MS. 


to god, ^at swiche oii) wol I none take.** Thenne the ^Emperouie 
come to ]>e secounde, anci saide Eight so to hir. ^' ^^j" saide she, 
and that for this cause, **jfl take an hnsbpnd, I shulde love him 
as muche as him ])at I hadde a-fore, or eHea lease y and yf I lovid 
him lasse, ])eime ther shulde be no trew love bitwene ys, and yf I^ 
lovid him as moche as I dude the fiiste, that had my maydinhode^ 
]>eii I dide out of Besou), as me semithe." The Emperour yede to the 
Thirde, and seide, ^ wolt ]>ou ^ai I gete to the an) husbonde ; yf 
thow wolt telle me, and I shalle gete the ou) f aUyng to thin Estate 1 " 
** A ! 'god forbede,'* quod she, " for holly chirche tellithe vs, ])at a 
man & a woman) couplid to-ged^ in matrimony er oo body, and 
two in Bovle, So that my body is ])e body of my husbonde, and yf 
the fleshe be so deei^, ^enne ere the boones eke ; & ])er^oi^, as longe 
as eny bone is in the sepulcure of my husbonde, as longe shuUe I 
neuer be couplid to noon) o])6r maii) ^anne lo him." whenne the 
I^peroure hadde I-harde al thes aunsweris, he wolde no moi' towcho 
to hem of matrimonye ; so ]>ey yeld goode sowlis to god, of whos 
dethe gret lamentacion) was I-made, & sorow in the cite. 


DEre Frendes, ])is Emp^roure is god; by the i^. dowteris, that 
bethe I-manjd, we may yndirstonde sowlis, whiche havi^ 
in hem yre thinge^, scU. to stire or meve withe sotHs of 
feet,' to smelle wtt^ bested, & to yndirstonde watA aimgles. ])e iij. 
dowteris were mar^d to i\j. dukes by synne of the f urste fadir ; (6 
soule was marijd to the deyil be pryde of lyfe, maryed to the worlde 
by wrongs coyetise of yen), and also to the fleshe by sensualite, 
))e6 bethe oure iij. Enmyes ; but by doynge of penaunse, and by the 
passion) of Cnste, ])eye wei' dede, & so subiecte to men, \at alle men 
in the worlde my3t withstonde for to Resseyye synne, and to be 
couplid wit^ wickidnesse, yf fat fe fei* wolle only assente fere to. 
& ferefore seithe Augu«^tnt», Feccatum voluntarium est, synne is 
wilfulle ; that a man dare not take hit, but he wolle him selfe. And 
fe iij. dukes, that wei^ the husbondes of the i\j. dowteris, may be 

1 & yf I and^ yf I, MS. • leaf 180, col. 2. 

» Sic MS, See Natet, 

174 ZLT. THS TBRBB COCKS. 8I0RT. EARL. 78S$, & ADDIT, 9066. 

seide the lioly trenite^ fhat coreytil^e a maid to be coaplid to him 
by penannce ; aacl ]>aref ote late tb in this woidle be so vnsimdiriye 
cottj^U to the holye trenitee, that we mow come to tiie loye of 
heyene. Amen 1 

[XLV. ] 


[OUiculas a wise Emperouie Beignid in the citee of Borne; 
the whiche ozd^ynid for a lawe, that if a woman) dude 
avoutri vndir hir husbonde, (at the man ahulde be departid 
fro hir, & ensr aftir he shulde be Redy wit^ pe Emperour in bataile ; 
and yf so wei' ^t he wan) ]>e victorie, he shulde haye in the f urate 
day of his victorie iig.^ honoures, anci in the secounde day he shulde 
sustene iiij. hevynessis, }at he Enpridid' him not for the honours. 
So in thilke dayes (er was a knyght I-callid AcheroiO, pe whiche 
hadde a fayre woman) to wyye; and this womaii) lovid anoj^^re 
kni3t, by weye of synne. hit bifel a cas, pat hir husbonde was I- 
Bedden) to his contrSy of the whiche Bidinge that o^ere knijt had 
e^rtificacioii) ; & so he come in, & lay by his wyf al nyght And 
1 leaf ISO, baek, ooL 1. * iy. Ha * enpriiiide, MB. 

[Second Version. AddU. MS. 9066.] 
[XIIL Jeqf Idy lack.] 

PEUicalus reigned in Bome, the which ornde a lawe, that yf a 
woman had done advowtry yndir her husbond, yf he myght 
lawfully preve it, he shuld be departed from her^ and aftiar- 
Ward be redy in every bataile of the Emparoui^ ; and yf he had the 
viotory, the first day he (ediuld have mj. worshippes, and the second 
day he shuld suf^ iig. shames, lest he shuld be over provde of his 
worehippes. IT There was that tyme a knyght, whos name was 
called^ Accaron, that had a fairs wyf* ; and she loved another man 
inordynately. % It befille' ones, that this^ knyght her husbond 
went out of court,^ for nodes that* he had to do.^ if Whan liie' 
other knyght, Amasius, Hhat the lady loved,^ perseived^ that, he 
come on a nyght to her house, that he myght f ulfille his lust with 
the lady. IT there were than^^ in the house iig. Cokkes, tiiat cestaynt 

' Om. a * tille. * the. * the ountre. * Om. * be do. 

^ that • OHu • «aw. '• Om. 

ttT. tHB THRBS COOKS. STORT. HARL. 7338, ft ADDIT. ^OM. 175 

in ihiB place irei' i^. tokkes, thai vsid tnnclie to ctowe ; AnJ as 
the ladj laye in hit bedde withe the kni)t, she haide the eokke 
crowe, and she seide to hir sarvaunt, "what menittl this vok, that 
crowithe thus)" ]>e sairaiuit answerid in this man«r, *'the cok 
seithe in his songe, that thow dost thin hnsbonde wionge." then 
the lady seyde he shalde be dede ; ft so he was indede. AnOn) the 
secounde coke begaii) to ctow,— "what menithe thisl" qnod the 
lady, ft pe s^rvaunt saide, ** My felowe for his sothe sawe, hathe 
loste his lyf and lithe fill laws." ** And seithe he so 1 " quod the 
lady ; " Now for aope he shalle lese his crowinge." The coke was 
dede Anoon); And the lady was lede downe Anooid Ayene; And 
the thirde cokke dewe, w»t^ a gret royse ft a bolde. "Seye,^ 
qnod the lady, "in the develis name, what seithe he now 9" And 
the mayde aynswerid in this man^, ft saide thns, "sei^e the 
cokke, * hei*, and see, ft sey nowte, ))enne ]»a maiste have alle thi 
wiHe.'"^ VenuB: Andi^ mde, iade^ Bi iu vis viuere pace, IT ])e& 
saide the lady, " sle not that cok, hy no wey." Aftir al this, ^e 
kni)t hir husbonde come home ; and or he had be longe at home, 
'he was certi£jd of the dethe of the cockes. He yede to the 
> thowtef See Notee. * leaf 180, back, ool 2. 

■■ ■■! ■ ■ ■ !■ ■■ — .. I. ^ . . ■ ■ ■ ■■ ■ 1 ■ . . . ■ — ■ ■ » 

\aeeond Version. Addit. MS, 9066.] 

tymes Vf the nyght^ crowed.* IF whan the lady was ^bedde, she* 
herd the first Cokke synge. She said to her maiden),^ " what seith 
the Cokke in his songe T" ^"for sothe,** she said,^ "thou doest thi 
lord wronge.** She said *to her maide,^ " I Ville that^ the Cokke 
be slayid anoii) ; " and so he was. IT After that, the second Cokke 
songe. the lady said to her maide, " what syngeth this* Cokke)** 
" tMs Cokke seith,^ ' my felaw for his sotll saw, hath lost^^ his lyf, 
and lieih full lawe.' " the lady said, '' I Ville that^^ the Cokke have 
the quede ; and for his songe he shall be dede.*' IT The third Cokke 
songe sone aftir that, and^* the lady seid to her maideti),^* ^'what seitH 
the Cokke ^*)'' she said, "the Cokke seitli thtts, 'here, and se, and 
hold the stiDe, and tha^ thou may have ali:^^ thy wiUe.* ** IT Than^* 
the lady said, " I wille not slee that Cokke.** and so that Cokke had 
his lyf. IT After that» the knyght her hnsbond come home, and 

* Om, * song. ' leyde In bedde, and. ^ mayde. 

' The mayde aeyde, ** The cok seyth ia his song, thai * Om, 

* wole. ' the. ' l^eseyde ''Theooksyngeth. *' lore. " wole, 

** Om^ " mayde, patiim, ** addi : in his song ? '* 

»• Om. »• Om. 

176 ZLT. THE THRBB COCKS. 8T0RT. HARL. 7883, & ADDIT. 9069. 

EmperoTire, and askid a devoice, as the lawe wolde. ])enne saide 
pQ Emperoure, ''thow most go with me in to bataille." "Ser, I 
assent/' quod he, " but I aske what sholde be to him that browte 
home the victorye." J>enne seyde the Emperoure, when the victor* 
of the bataiH wei^ come home, he shulde have in the first day iig. 
woTshipis; of the whiche this is fe first, he shalle be sette in a 
chan^, & u\j. white hors shulle drawe hit to the palyse of the 
£mp«rour ; The secounde is, pat aH his trespassouis & Aduersarijs 
shulde folowe his chare behynde him, withe boundeh) hondis & 
fete ; The thirde is, that he shalle be cladde withe a cote j>at is 
I-callid Tunica iouis^ IT and alle men shul knele af oi' him ; and th^ 
foTTthe is, that he shalle sitte that day be-syde the Emp^oure. But 
the secounde day he shalle sustene ^erfor iiij. hevinessis ; For in the 
firste his cote shal be takin) fro him, & he shall be in Eeputacion) as 
a f ooL So witAoute ony moi^ of ^is mater, he yede forthe to bataile, 
and had ]>e victorye ; and after took bo]>e honoures & dolours, as is 

■ victory, MS. 

[Second Version. Addit MS. 9066.] 

herd playnly how the Gokkes were slayn). he went to the 
Empcrour, and asked a* devorce, by cause his ^wyf* wisis founde® 
in advowtrye. IT And whan the devorce was made, the Emperour 
said vnto^ the knyght, "now the beboveth,^ after the lawe, to go 
to my batailo." The knyght said, "it® liketh me wele, Bat what 
shaH the lawe yeve hy lu that hath the victorye in'' bataile ; that wold 
I know." IT The Emperour said, " whan he cometh that is over- 
comer of the bataile, he ahaB. first have iiij. worshippes. the first 
worshippe is this,^ that he shaH sitte in a chare, and ii^. white 
stedes shall draw it to the paleys. The second worshippe ^, that 
alle*' malefactours shuH folow his chare, and*^ her handes 'shaH be^* 
bounde be-hynde hem. IT The thirde worshippe is, that thei shutt 
do on hym 'lubitei' clothe*^ ^of worshippe, and aH men shatt knele 
before hym.** The fourthe worshippe is this,** that day he shaH sitte 
by the Emperours side. IT But the second day he shaH suffre iiij. 
diseases, that is, he shaH be taken) as a theef*, and shamfully ledde'^ 
to the*^ prisoti), and be dispoyled ^of lubiter*^ clothyng, and as a fole 
he shaH be holden) of aH men*^ ; ^and so he shaH have,** that went 
to the bataile, and had the victorie." IT The Emperoui' seyng his 

• Om. • leaf 20. ' prouyd. * to. • byhoues. • That. 

^ in the. * On. * is this, alle the. ^* Om, *' Om. 
" lubiters clothyng. »* Om. »* Om. " be led. " Om, 

" lubiters. '• hem. »• Om. 


seide befoi*, lowely & obedientlye ; For whiche grete lowlinesse fe 
Emperouie hilye avauncid him, & he Endicl a faii^ £nde, &c. 


God men, p\a Emperouie is Crist, pe Emp^ot^r made a lawe, 
that If thi wyf, aciL thi flesh, do avoutry, ^ou moste be de- 
parti^ fto hir, aeil, fro fleshely affeccio2<ns ; for hy syiine 
is a mas) deply in-dreynt in dethe enerlastyng. for synne is not ly^t, 
but it is hevy, and weythe moi* than lede ; for yf lede fail: fro a grete 
he3t, hit gothe downe no forperB but ])rili^e a litle downe in to the 
Erthe, but synne in twynkelynge of an ye J^riUithe^ alle the erj)e, 
and Eestithe not or it come to helle. helle is in the middis of the 
Erthe scil. in the centi' of the erpe, as seithe the Philesophir ; and 
f erf 01^ ^a man moste be ware of synne. and ^^refore god wolle, ]>at 
as sone as the fleshe hathe I-done avoutrye by synne, ]>at thow putte 
thi selfe to the bataile of penaunce, and sustene fere mekely that is 
I-putte to the ; and therf oi^ sei^ 'Maith, Jugum. enim meum suaue 
est, ei onus meum leusy fia is to seye, My yoke, aciJ. penaunce, is 
swete, BciL for it tumithe to swetnesse, & my charge or my burdyu), 
scil. commaundement, is li3t. The knyjt, that weddid the wyf, ]>at 
dude pe avoutrye, and slow the cockis, is fe sone of god ; for he 
weddid the soule, & the soule trespassid yndir him, by the synne of 
Adam, the first fader, by the firste cokk that is slayne, yndirstonde 

' )>rmid>, MS, • leaf 181, col. 1. 

[Second Version, Addit. MS. 9066.] 

pacience^ and meknesse, promoted hym to grete richesse; and so in 
pease he^ ended his lyf. 

ir Deolaracio. Frendes, this Emperour is the Emperour of 
heven), that made a lawe, that yf a wyf had done avowtrye, that is, 
thi flessh, yf it be in dedely synne, or have done avowtrye, thou 
owest for to be departed from it, that is, from flesshly affeccions ; 
For by dedely synne man is cast into helle. IT Therfore our lorde 
wille, that after thi flessh have done avowtrye by dedly synne, that 
thou put thi self* to bataile of penaunce, that wilfully thou suffre 
none thyng that are put to the. IF The knyght, of whom the wyf 
had done avowtrye, and slayn) the Cokkes, for sothe he was the 
Sonne of god, that wedded mannes soule ; and she, by synne of our 

* grete paciena. * Om, 

GESTA. 12 


prophetisy the whiche prophesied anci tawte a3enst synne ; as seithe 
MaUA. Jervsal&in! ierusaleni/ que occidia pTophetas, et lapidaa 
eo8 qui ad te misai aunt, this is to sey, Jerusalem ! that sleist 
prophite^, & steynist hem that bethe I-sent to the, whi dost thow 
80 1 The secounde cok }at crowithe bethe apposteles & martris, that 
vre^ I-slayne for sothefastnesse ; and the thirde cok, that is not 
slayne, beje prelate* & prechovris that bef e now, that dare not, ne 
wolle not seye sothe, but plesithe al men) ; and the moi^ harm) is. 
The worthi kni3t Criste, seinge so many wronger don) to him by 
synne in this cas, he suffrid mekelye bo]}e honours and hevinessis, 
as dude the kni^t ; for he satte in the chaire, scil, vppon) an asse, 
and iiij. white horse drow hit, scil, iiij. cardinall vertues, that wei^ 
euermor' withe him. The secounde honoui' was, that alle his Ivel 
doers sholde folow, Bcil, a multitude of peple come bifoi' Crist & 
behynde, seinge, Oaanria filio dauid I h&iiQdicitia qui venit in nomiviG 
domini I ])e sone of dauid make ts safe ! blessid be he that comy]}e 
in the name of the lord ! The ])ridde honour was, that he shulde 
be clad wtt^ the cote y-callid tuntjca iouia, fat was whenne fe iewis 
strewid clothis & flowris in the weye. The fer])e honoure was, ]>at 
he shulde sitte at the table withe the Emperoui', and so dude he ; 

[Second Veraion. Addit MS. 9066.] 

first fadir Adam, was avowterei'. H The first cokke, that is slayn), 
are the prophetes, that precheh) ayenst synne. IT The Second cokke 
are the appostels and martirs, that were slayn) for the trouthe. 
IF The thirde Cokke ai* prelates and prechours, that in thise daies 
dare not ne wille not sey the trouthe, but flattre the pepla wo shati 
be to such at domesday 1 IT The knyght, that had the worshippe, 
is crist ; For whan crist sawe that so many evels were wrought by 
synne, he yaf* bataile to the devett. IT The fiirst day, that was on) 
Palme sonday, foure fold worshippes were done vnto hym. IF First 
he satte in a chare, that was, vpon an asse; and iiij. ^ white horse 
were iiij. Cardenatt vertues, that all way were with hym. IT The 
second worshippe was that^ that M. the malefactours f olowed hym 3 
that was the multitude of peple that was before and behynde, goyng 
criyng, "our lord save vsl" IF The thirde worshippe was, that 
lubiter coote was done on hym, that is, the lewes casten) in the way 
clothes and floures, and did hym worshippe. IF The fourthe 
worshippe was, that he satte at the Emperours table ; so he satte 

' leaf 20, back. 


he satte in the temple of Jerasalem). but in tyme of passioui]), sc/Z. 
in good friday, the four^ honoured tumid in to iiij. hevine88e[8], for 
^J^e/'e as he furst Eode vpoii) an asse, aftirwaid j>ei toke him, as he 
had ben a thef ; & ferioT he saide, Tanquam ad latronem existis, 
cum gladiis ^ fastihus comprehend^e me, As to a thef ye come oute, 
wtt^ sweides & battea to take me. Ayenest j>e secounde honoz^r, 
wher as they come & mette him so Eeuerently, ]yey browte him 
Bhamfully to ^e house of Kayfas, withe many Eeprevis & scomes. 
Ayenste the thirde honoure, that he shulde be dadde withe the cote 
of iouiSy ]>ei spoylid pDiim] of al his clothinge ; and ayenste ]>e ferj^e, 
])ey did him vpon) the crosse, and spette oo) his face, and bufiPetid 
him. Loo ! goode siris, what scomis and Kepievis that ouf lorde 
Iheau Criste sufTerid for the sovle ))at dude avowtrye. late vs Jyerefoi' 
sufiy for his love penaunce in this worlde, that we mowe come to his 
blisse. Amen 1 

' fourthe, Ma ' leaf 181, ool. 2. 

[8ec<md Version. Addit MS. 9066.] 

in lerusalem amonge the doctours. IT But afterward on good 
friday, agayu) his ii\j. worshippes thei diddes) to hym iiij. diseases, 
agayn) the firste worshippe, that [he] satte on the Asse, They token) 
hym as he had ben) a theef. Agayn) the second worshipp^, that 
thei comen) agayn) hym witii reverence, Afterward thei ladde hym 
shamfully to Cayphas house. Agayn) the thirde worshippe, [that] 
thei did on hym lubiter cote, Forsothe thei dispoyled hym of au 
hifl clothes. % Agayn) the iuj. worshippe, that he satte at the table 
of the Emp6ix)ur, thei put hym on the crosse, and spette in his face, 
and gafi hym bufiettlB, and eyseli and galle. IT Therfore sufEre we 
here some payn) for his love, by the whiche we mow come to hym, 
whan we shali: passe oute of the world. IT Amen. 

180 THB MAOIO BING^ BROOCH, & CLOTH. STOBT. HL, 7338, & AD, 9066. 

[ XLVI. 1 



GOdfridus regnid a wise Emperoi^r in the cetee of Rome, & he 
had childerii]) that he louict moche. And when he laye 
on) his dethe-bed, he callid to him his eldest sonne, and 
saide to him, " Dei' sone, the heritage that my fSeulir leTte & biquathe 
to me, holly I yeve hit to the." Aftir that he clepid the secounde 
sone, and saide to him, ''Dei' sone, I have certeyne possessions, 
londis and tenemente^, }ai come of my purchas,^ & ferlot, sone, I 
yeve [the] al tho, and alle oper that I have, "with oute my heritage." 
And he made the thirde to be callid, Ss seide to him, " sone, I have 
noo mevable goodes to yeve the, but only ))e ieweH,^ aciL a presious 
Einge, a gay broche, & a Riati clothe ; and thes iij. I bequethe the. 
And the vertu of the Ringe is this, that who so euer bei' hit vp-on) 
him, he shalle have loye of al men) ; The vertu of the broche is this, 
that who so euere bei' hit vpon) his brest, late him thinke what he 

' purohus^ MS. ' Iwelle, MS. 

[Second Version. Addit MS. 9066, leaf 20, back.^ 

[ XIV. ] 

GOdfridus reigned in Rome, and^ had iij. sonnes, the whicli 
he loved mekeH.^ Whan he laye in^ his dethe-bedde, and 
shnld dye, he called first to hym his eldest sone, and said 
to hym, "My sone, all the* heritage, the which my fadir lefte^ me, 
holich® I leve and yeve it^ to the." IF After that, he called to hym 
his second sone, and said,^ My sone, dyverse londes and tenementis 
I have bought, and Uheym) aH* I yeve to^* the, what so evii' thei be, 
that longe not to the heritage.'' IT Than he called to hym the thirde 
sone, and said to hym, "My^* sone, I have ^one mevables^^ that I 
may yeve to the. But I have iy. lewelx, that I bequethe to*' the, 
that is, a precious rynge, and a** broche, and a precious clothe. The 
vertu of the Rynge is this, that who so bere*^ it, shaH have the love 
of ali men. % And** the vertu of the broche is this, jrf *^ any man or 

* that. ' mydhe. • on. * myn. • hathe left to. • Om. 

' Om. • aeyde to hym. » tho. '• Om, " Om. 

" no mevable gcodes. " Om. " a cocous. ** berith. *• Om. 

" that if. 

THB HAOIO RING, BROOCB, & CLOTH. STORY. HL, 7333, & AD, 9066. 181 

woUe, ^an(} he shalle mete \eirsifi\h at his likynge ; Andf the yertu of 
the clothe is swiche, that lete a man sitte yppon) lut, & he shalle he 
in what partye of the worlde he woUe desire. &, sone, I jeye the 
thes iij. and I charge the, that (ou go to scole, for thow shalt hj 
thes iij. gete gode I-nowhe." when this was seyde, he tumid his 
body to the walle, and yelde vp ]}e gost. The childerin wM the 
modar Eeuerently buryed him, and gret lamentacion) was made for 
his detha* Then the Eldest sone occupied his eritage ; the Secounde 
Sonne al ^e purchas. And the Empires saide to the yongest sone, 
" \>i fadir yaf to the a Ringe, & a hroche, & a clothe ; here I take 
to the the Ringe, that thow go to scole, & leme; and yf ])ou do 
welle, ^ow shalte be myn owne dei^ harte.'' ])e yonge sone receyvid 
the Ringe ; and his name was lonathas ; and he yede to an yniuer- 
site, and ])ere he lemid, in a marvelous manar. And as he walkid 
in a certeyne day \er in the citee, \€r mette wit^ him a faire 
woman); & whenne lonathas sawe hir^ he was I-storid to an) 

* leaf 181, back, col. 1. 

[Second Version, Addit MS. 9066.] 

woman here it on his brest, let hym ^desire what goodes that he 
wille have of temporaH goodes, and he shaH have hem.^ IT The 
vertu of the clothe is this,^ who so ^ever have it, and* sittith theron), 
lette hym thyuke in* what partye of the world he wolle* be, and he® 
shaH be there. Tho iij. lewelx^ I bequetfi to® the, and I bid the, 
that thou go to the scole ; for by thise iij. lewelx* thou shalt have^® 
I-^*noughe." IF Whan the fadir i* had thus^® said, he turned hym 
to the walle, and died. IT The first sone Hoke and^* occupied his^* 
heritage, IF And tho Second sone had^® all that was purchased. 
IT The Empresse called to her her^^ yongest sone, and said, " My 
sone, i^'. thynges thi fadir hath left the, that is ^to sey,^® A Rynge, A 
Broche, and a Clothe. And^'^ I take the the Rynge, that thou go to 
the** scole ; but be wele** ware of womans companye ; and sonne,^ 
yf thou leme wele, thou shalt be to me a welbeloved sone." IF The 
yonge sone^ lonathas toke the Rynge, and went to the vniuersite ; 
and there ^he lemed and^ profited wondirly. U It befelle** on a 
day, as** he went in the*^ strete of the towne, he mette right*® a faire 
woman. Whan lonatas ^had seen*® her, he was take in her love. 

' think that is plesing to hym, and anone he shalle fynd it. * that. 

' Om. * on. • wolde. • anone he. ^ Om, ' Om-, • Om, 

'* gete the. " leaf 21. «• And whan he " this. " Om. '* the. 

'• ooupied. " her. '■ Om. »» Om. * Om. " Otn. ** Om. 

« Om. " Om. «* fille. ^ Om. ^ a. «* with. * saw. 

182 THE MAGIC RING, BROOCH, & CLOTH. STORY. ^I. 7333, & ^D. 9060. 

vhlawfutt maner of love, & spake to hip ther of. She grauntid him, 
& he lay withe hir al nyght ; and aftir helde hir stille to his store. 
And thorow vertu of the Ringe he hadde getyn) love of al the 
vniuersite ; he made gret fester, and no thinge him lackid, for they 
lovid him so moche, that for his love they yeve him I-nowe. This 
woman), that was his leman), hi3t felicia ; and she had gret marvayle 
)>at he had alle thinge^ to his luste, and at his wiUe, Ss for -she covde 
fynde ncre ner peny wit^ him. So in a nyght, as ^ei lay to-geder 
in bed, she saide to him, "worshipfnll sir, ye have I-had my 
maydinhode, and ye shulle have me as longe as I live ; and as ye 
coveyte me to be Redye to youre wille, I pray yow tellithe me a 
petucion) that I shalle aske of yow, scil. how ye make so many fester, 
& havithe so muche goode, & havithe no tresoure ne mony, ]?at I can 
se 1 *' J)enne saide he, " yf so be that I telle Jje my counseifi, I trowe 
fat ])ow woldest discouer me." " Nay, sir, god forbede," quod she, 
"fateu^r I shuld ^do that traytorye to yowe!" Jjenne said he, 
^' My fadir hathe biquethe to me this Hinge, ])at ]yow seist me have 
oil) my finger ; and hit hafe swiche a vertu, that he that bei ithe hit 

' leaf 1«I. back, col. 2. 

[Second Veraion, Addit, MS. 9066.] 

Anoii) he spake ^ of inordynate love, and she consented to hym; and 
^he slept with her, and held her with hym,* by the^ vertu of the 
Eynge; 'and also* he had love of aft the unyversite. he made 
dy verse festes, and^ of no thyng he defauted^ ; and men loved hym 
so meketi,'^ that for his love men* yaf« hym I-now. IT Amasie, his 
love, had mekdl® woiidir that he was I-fedde^® so deyntely, and had 
aft thynge^^ at his^' hande, and she^^ sawe no ^* peny with hym. % On 
a nyght, as they laye in^^ bedde to-gedre, She said, " a ! 'my gentile^* 
sir, ye have my maydenhode ; and as longe as I lyve I shaft be at 
your wille. IT I pray you, that ye wille ^'' graunte me a liteft: peticion), 
yf it like you. how ^gete ye^* so mekeft^* good, and makeu) so many 
feestis, and I se you have no peny ne tresoui^V* IF He said, 
** happely and^® I tell the the trouthe, thou woldest 2> be-wreye ^my 
counsaUe."^ She said, "god for-bede ^that of me shuld be done^^ 
suche a trespasse ayenst^* you I" IT Than he said, "my fadir lefte 

' spake to her. * Ow. ' Om, * Om, ^ Om. ^ had defaute. 

' myohe. " thei. » mych. ^^ fedda " Om, '* Om, " Om, 

** no thin^ ne. '* in a. *• Om, " wole, passim, " ye gete. 

" mych. • •" if. "' shodyst. ^ me, " me, that I shoUie do. 

2* agayne. 

THE MAOIC BINO, BROOCH, & CLOTH. STORT. HL. 7833, & AD, 9066. 183 

on) hia foiger, shalle have love of alle men, anci so al meii) lovithe 
me therfore so moche, ^at what so en^ I aske of hem ])ei yevithe 
me." An(} then saide she, ** sir, whi wolde thow neuer telle me fia 
OT nowe, for perilis that myght faileT' "whi?" quoJ lonathas, 
''what perile myght fallel" ])enne saide felida, ^'pon goste ofte 
tyme in the towne, & fer thow myjtest les hit hy some chavnse ; 
And for to lese swiche a lewelle, hit wei* grete harme & pmH ; ami 
^^ore, dei^ biide, leve me that Kinge, & I shalle kepe it." lonathas 
yaff goode credense to hir wordes, & toke hir the Ringe. anti when 
hit was so I-don), ^e love of the peple bygan to tume fro him, ne 
fer was noon that wolde eny moi' yeve him, as ^ei du(} afore. And 
when) he p^rceyvid that, & pat the cause was for he bare not the 
Binge, he tumid ayene to his lemTTtan, and saide to hir, that she 
shulde deling hit to him ayene. And thenne she be-ganne to feyne 
a lesynge, and saide with a loude crie, '^ Alas ! my cheste is I-broke, 
and the Ringe is borne a-wey ! " ])enne lonathas was hill mevid, 
and saide, ''alas ! womman), pat euer I saw the I " And she be-ganne 

[Second Verdon. Addit MS. 9066.] 

me the^ Rynge that is on my fyngre, the whiche hath sucfe a vertu, 
that who so ever here it, shaft have love* of aH folke. therfore aft 
folke loven me, in so mekeH,^ that what ^so ever* I aske of hem, thei 
graunte it me." IT Than said she, " A ! my sir^, whi told not ye me 
^his before,* for peril! that myght falle." IF " what peril!," he said, 
"myght Mihat be^l" IT She said, "Ye go ofte sithes^ in diu^-se 
felishippe; happely^ ye myght lese the Rynge, and it Vere grete 
pite® to lese such a precious ^^ leweti. therfore, my ^good sii*,^^ take 
me the Ryng, and 1 shall kepe it as my lyf*." and ^^ lonatas loved 
her wele,*3 ^nj \^\^q j^gj ^jjg Rynge, for^* to kepe. IT Sone after that^* 
the Rynge was from hym, the love of men began to faile agayn) hym, 
and thei^^ wold no lenger yeve hym as thei did before. ^"11 Whan^* 
he perseived that, ^he knew wele^® it was for ^cause that^^* he bare not 
the rynge ; and ^than he*^ said to his love, that she shuld take hym 
the rynge. She Vrose vp,^ and went into her chambre, and fayned 
a lesyng ; and said with a grete crye, " Alias ! alias ! my cofi&e is 
brokei]), and the Rynge born) away ! " IT Whan lonatas herd that, 
he was gretly stered in hym self, and said, " wo be the tyme that 

' this. ' the loue. ' myche. * Om, * of this byfore hand. 

• fall©. ^ sythe. • and happyly. • is penile. *" Om. " dere love. 

'• Om. " Om. " Om. '» as. »• Otn. " leaf 21, back. 

" Om. '» Om, ~ Offt. •' Om. ** roac. 

184 THE HAOIO RING, BROOCH, & OLOTH. STORT. HL. 7333, & AD, 9066. 

to wepe, & to make [grete boiow] ; and lonathas sawe that, & Baide, 
*' wepe not, for god hathe holpin me hedir to ; " & he trowid hir 
Eight welle. So he wente to his contre, & come to his modir. 
whenne (e Empresse Sawe him, she saide to him, " Dei^ sonne whi 
ert thow come hom so soone fro thi studie?" ])enne seide lonathas, 
'^ A ! modir, I have lost my Rynge, by cause that I toke hit to my 
lemmsxd,** Thenne answerd pe modir, " sone, I have ofte tyme saide 
to the, that thow sholdeste be -ware of womman) ; and now I wolle 
take the thi broche, but loke that thow lese not hit" lonathas 
Et sseyuid ^e broche, & fastenid hit vppon) his brest, and yede to 
the yniu6?'site, as he dude afoi^. And so, thorowe yertu of the 
broche, he gate al thinge that he wolde coveite towchinge wordly 
goodes, In so muche that the dam.iselle hadde grete marvayle of hit ; 
& \>er£oTe bothe nyght and day ^she lay aboute him to seye the 
sothe, how that he made so gret fester, and hadde so deyntefulle 
metis, but he wolde not telle hir longe tyme. but the shrewe weptc^ 

' leaf 182, col. 1. 

[Second Version. AddiL MS, 9066.] 

ever I saw the !'' She anon^ J>egan) to wepe, and made' to hym 
grete sorow. IT lonatas loved ^ her, ^and had pitee,* and said,* 
" Wepe not, for god shtdl yit helpe me." IT Than he went to the 
Empresse, his modir ; and whan she saw hym, she said, '' O ! my 
sone, whi art thou® come so sone from scole]" "X) I dere'^ modir, 
I have lost my Eynge, by cause I toke it my^ love." IT She said, 
"01 my sone, ofte sithes I said the,® that thou shuldest^^ beware of 
womans company. Now I take the the broche, and beware from 
hens forward that thou lese it not." IT lonatas toke the Broche, 
and fastned^i it on his brest, and went agayn) to^' scole. IF Anon 
his love mette hym, and made hym grete chere. lonatas fayned ali 
thyng, but yit he held festes as he did before ; for^* what so ever^* 
he wold thynke as vnto^* temporati goodes, he had hem, as^® by vertu 
of the broche. his love mervailed as she did before ; and nyghtea 
and daies she asked hym^^ ^and praied hym, she myght have know- 
lech how he fared ^^ so wele, and praied ati^® other to ^hia fest,^ ^and 
had no goodes.*^ IF ^In no wise he wold" telle her of*^ longe tyme. 

* Om, • shew. * leuyd. . * Om, * aeyd to here. • Om, 
' He seyde, ** O I my dere. • to my. • to the, ** abolde. " fastyd. 

» to the. »» Om, • " On^, " Om. " Om, " of hym. 

'* that he sholde shew her the trouthe, how and where [he] had, that he ferde. 

•» Om. *» festes. *' Om. « He wold not. '^ a. 


Bi^id, & saide, " \>ovl iarowest not me, I see wel ; & I woUe bynde 
my lyf to the, to kepe \i counseiH, <& thi lewel eke, yf ]}oa haddist 
eny." lonathas trowid hir wordes, anci tolde bir the vertu of the 
broche. ))eime she wepte moi^ faste, &, ivolde not be stille ; & ])ei]) 
saide he, ^' Woman), whi wepist thow, and for what cavse sorowest 
foul" "for I trowe," quod she, "fat fow wolte lese thi broche, 
and thenne thow lesist al tlii thiyfte." jpenne saide he, ^What 
wolte thow counsaile me in this cas ? " ))enne she saide, " I counseille 
the, that fou take hit me to kepe." " I trowe," quod he, " that f ou 
wolte lese hit, as thow loste my Binge." "I-wisse," quod she, 
"Eathir shalle the sowle parte from) my bodye or I lese hit." 
lonathas vndir a grete triste tooke hir fe broche ; and sone aftir the 
godes bygon) to fayle. thenne lonathas entirid in to the chaumbi', 
and she began) to crye, as she dude afoi', and saide, "Alias! fe 
broche is I-stole; I wolle now for woo slee no we my self!" she 
drowe oute a knyf, & Feynid as she wolde have smetiu) hir selfe. 
Thenne lonathas trowid that she wolde have slayne hir selve ; he 

[Second Version, Addit. MS. 9066.] 

IF Than^ she wept, and said, "alias ! alias ! thou lovest me not, ne 
trustest me not, *for yf thou woldest* telle me the' sothe, I wold 
bynde ^my lyf* that I shuld** never lese youre leweti." whan 
lonatas herd this,* he leved her wele,^ and told her of the vertu of 
the broche. IT Whan she herd this, she wept bitterly. lonatas 
seid \o her,® " whi wepest thou thus 1 " She seid, " I drede me, 
^hat ye shufl* lese your broche; than*® shufl ye lese a grete lewayle."^^ 
he said, "what Void ye^* counsaile me to do ^ther with]"^^ She 
said, "that ye shuH take it to i* me to kepe." IT he said, " I drede, 
that thou shuldest lese it,^^ as thou diddest the Eynge." She said, 
" forsothe, dethe shaH first take ^e, bothe my soule and^* my body, 
^rather than^^ I shuld lese the broche." IF lonatas loved her wele, 
and^® toke her the broche to kepe. anon) 'as it was delyuered from 
hym, his^* goodes failed 'sore, and than^ he asked the*^ Broche 
agayn);^ and anon)^ she went into her chambre, and cried, "alias ! 
aUas 1 and wele away ! the broche is away.^* I wille ^^sle my self* 
for sorow ! " IT lonatas herd this, and ranne fast^ to her, trowyng 

* alway. * if ye wolde. ' Om, * me. * wold. • that, 

^ Oni, • Om, • lest ye shoU. *** and than. " vertu. 

" woldeat thou. " Om, " On^, '* the broohe. " my soule fro. 

" or. '■ Om. " after that * Om, *' her the. " Om. 

" Om, ** take away. ** leaf 22. ** Om, 

186 THE MAGIC RING, BROOCH, & CLOTH. STORY. JJL. 7333, &Ji>. 9066. 

toke the knyf from liir, & saide, " damiselle, I pray the, leve thi 
wepinge, for I foryeve it the al to-gedir." Anon) by cause of nede 
he tiimi(J home ageyne, an(J visiticl his moder. And whenne his 
mod^ sawe him, she seide to him), " sey, sone, hast thowe lost thi 
broche, as J)ow didest thi Ringel" & he saide, "the woman) that 
ha(J J)e Ringe, hadde the broche in the same mancr;" but what 
worthe of hit he ne knew, as he saide. )>enne pe modir beinge 
Tvele' apayde withe him, she saide, "sonne, j)ou wotist welle I have 
now no moi* of thyne but a clothe, & perfore hei* it is ; ches Jwu 
whei' j)Ow wolte kepe it, oi' leve it hei*. but, sone, I warnicf the to 
be ware of women.*'* AncJ lonathas seide thenne ayene, "SoJ)ely, 
modir, yf so be that the clothe be lost, I shalle neuer moi* thenne 
loke pe in the face.*' ]>enne she deliu6ri($ to him the clothe, anci he 
yede ^ ayene to scole. & soone aftir his vnthnfti lemman mette 
withe him, as she dude afoi^, and she made him gode chere, & kiste 
him ; and he dide as thowhe he hadde no leweL whenne he was 
in his hostelle, sone he leyde the clothe vndir him, and bad his 
> Iwele, MS. ■ wome, MS. » leaf 182, col. 2. 

[Spcond Version. Addit MS. 9066.] 

that she wol(? sle her self* ; and toke the knyf* from her, and said, 
" make not suche a^ sorow, for^ I foryeve the bE Hhis trespasse." 
IT And than^ anon folowyng* he went 'the seconde* tyme vnto® his 
modir, the Empresse. whan she sawe hym, she said, " 1 my sone, 
how is it with the 1 hast thou lost thi broche, as thou diddest^ thi 
rynge ? " he said, ** ye, modir ; IT The woman the whiche resceived 
the rynge, she® hath the Broche also'; and what ^she hath done*® 
withe hem I wote never." IT The Empresse said, " my sone, thou 
knowest wele that I have now^^ but one^' TeweH, that is, the^* 
precious clothe, now thou maist^* chese, whether thou wilt kepe it, 
or lese it. I have oft sithes said to the, that thou shuldest be ware 
of womans wyles." he said, " a ! swete modir, I shall never se your 
face and^^ I lese this^® clothe." IT ^he toke the clothe of his modir,^^ 
and went ayene to the scole. IT Anon) his^® love come ayenst^' hym, 
and made 'to hym ^ grete myrthe ; 'he went f orth,*^ and liteH said. 
IT Whan he come to his Inne, he spredde the clothe vndirnethe hym, 
and toke with hym ij. smale hotels of wyne, and also^^ brede ^he 

* Om. • Om, » Om. * Om. * thirde, MS. 

* to hifl ooDtre, and visita ^ hast. * bo she. ' Om, '^ is do. 

»' Om. « o. *» a. " may. »* if. '« the. " Om, 

" as his. »» agayne. * Om, " Om. ** Om, 

TUB MAGIC RING, BROOCH, & CLOTH. STORY. HL. 7333, &^D. 9066. 187 

leman) sitte downe biside him vppoii) the clothe ; & she knewe not 
of the vertu of the clothe ; ancJ a-noon) lonathas thovte, " lorde ! yf 
we wei* now in fer contrees, wher neu^ man come afore this I " And 
thenne withe the same thovte fey wei* bothe Eeysid vp to-gedir, in 
to the fenest coste of the worlde, with the clothe -with hem. And 
whenne the woman) eawe j)at, she saide, "alas I what do we heiT' 
" Hei' we bethe nowe," quod he, " and hei^ I shalle leve the, and 
heaies shuUe devoure the, for that thow hast I-holdyn) my Rynge, & 
my broche." "Al sir, mercy," quod she, "for sothely yf thow 
wolte brynge me ayene to the citee, I shalle yeve to the fi Ringe 
and thi broche, with outen) anye ayene-stondynge ; and but yf I do 
in dede pat I seye, I woUe bynde me to the foulest dethe." lonathas 
trowid hir, & saide, ** loke nowe, that ]>ou neu^ do trespas moi', for 
yf thow do, pOM shalt dye." And thenne she saide to him, "for 
the love of god tel me now how we come hedir]" ]?enne saide he, 
"the vertu of the clothe is, that who so ewere sittithe fer vpori), 
shalle be in what coste of the worlde he wolle desire to be ynne." 

[Second ^Waion. Addit, MS, 90C6.] 

toke with hym,;i IT And Hhan he' said to his love, that she shuld 
'come, and^ sitte by hym. She knew nat the vertu of the clothe, 
and sette her downe by hym on the clothe. IT Anon) lonatas 
thought, " I wold^ we were bothe as we sitte in the ^forest, and in 
the* 'ferthest parties* of the world, where never man come." whan 
he had thought thus,® they were bothe take vp in the clothe, and 
sette in the ferthest partie of the world. IF The woman, whan she 
perseived this, she cried, "alias! alias !^ how are we sette herel" 
IF he said, "here I shall leve the alone, and wylde bestes shaH 
dovowre the, for thou ^kepest from me® my Broche and my Rynge." 
If She said, " good^ sir, have mercy on me ; and yf ye^® bryng me to 
the Citee there I was to day, I shaH yeve you the broche and the 
rynge ; And but I fulfitt this, I bynd me to the most foule dethe 
that ye wille^^ put me to." IT lonatas yave feith to^' her wordes, and 
sai() to her, IF " Be ware that thou trespasse no more from hens 
forwan?, for yf thou do, thou shalt be dede. IT She said, "nay, 
certes I shaH never trespasse ayenst ^* you. but, swete sir, ^I pray 
you,^* telle me how we are sette here ] IT he said, " the vertu of the 
clothe is this, that who that ^^ sitteth theron, he shall be in what 

«»*« *o w..^, vu.«v .T**^^ vuuv »«v»v'vu vu^»v^^, *AW »»»x^ 

* Om. • Om. ' Om, * Oin. * ferrest party. 

^ Oin. " hast kept with the. * A ! goode. "* thou. 

" vnto. *' more agayns. ** Oni, " so. 

• this. 
*' kan. 

188 THB MAOIO RING, BROOOH, & OLOTH. 8T0RT. BL, 7B3B,&AD. 0066. 

And thoD) he saide, " for so])e, I hadde leuer slope then al ]>e worldes 
goode, as me thinkithe; and ]7erefore, I pray the, ley forthe ]>i 
sherte, ^at I may ligge down), and have a litle slope." she dude so, 
& he leyde downe his hede in hir shirte, and byganne stronglye to 
slepe. ])enne she heringe his grete slope, she drow the parti of the 
clothe that was vndir him vn to hir ; & penne she thowte, *^ lord I yf 
I wei' now whei' that I was to-day ! " and anon) sodenly she was 
browte to the same plase ; & lonathas lay stille slepinge. whenne 
he wakid, he sawe nei]>6re clothe^ ne woman) ; he wepte bitterly, and 
saide, " Ahs ! alas 1 what shalle I nowe do I wot neuere ; and I am) 
worthi al this bale, for I tolde to the woman) al my coimseiH." he 
lokid abowte on) enarye side, and sawe no thinge but wilde ^ bested, 
and briddis fleing in the heii' ; and of hem he hadde grete drede in 
herte. And he Hose vp, and yede by a certeyne [pathe], but he 
wiste neu^ to what place, and as he yede, ]>er was a watar in his 
weye, ouer the whiche he moste nedis goo j and whenne he Enterid 

> leaf 182, back, col. 1. 

[Second Version. AddiL MS. 9066.] 

partie of the world that^ he desireth to be.'* IT whan this was said, 
" I have," he said, ***a wondir grete wille to slepe ; Strecch out thi 
skirtlie,' that I may rest 'me thereon, and slepe* a while." IF And* 
anon the woman ^ was redy, and toke his hede into her skirthe, and 
he began strongely for' to slepe. She beheld that,® and drew away 
softly ^ the clothe that was vndre hym every dele ; and than^® she 
thought, " wolde god that I were*i there as^^ I was 'this day^* atte 
morow ! "^* and^^ anon) she was sette in the same place ; and lonatas 
left there slepyng. IT And whan he was awaked of his slepe, 'he 
loked idt aboute ; aud whan he sawe^® and founde neither the woman 
ne the cloth, he wept bitterly, and said, ''IT Alias ! alias ! what sbtdi 
I now^' do, ^for I wote not^® whether* to fle ; for^® this disease I have 
wele deserved, synne^^* I shewed alt my counsaile 'to the woman." ^^ 
IF he loked all aboute, and sawe not but briddes in the eyet* fleyng, 
and wyld bestes rynnyng by hym, of the which sight he was gretely 
adredf.*^ IF he rose, and went forth by a pathe, but to what place or 
wiietlierward he wist not. IF Whan he had thus longe gone, he 
come to a watir, over the which he must wade ; and whan he had^ 

' Om, ' leaf 22, back. ' skyrt * and slepe thoronne. * Om, 

• dam Belle. ^ Om, • Om. • a parte of. *® Om. " were now. 

" Otn, " to-day. '* morne. ** Om. " Om, ^ Om. 

" ne wote I neuer. " fro, MS. ** sethe. ** Om, " aferde. 

« Om, 

THE MAGIO RING, BROOCH, & CLOTH. STORT. HL, 7383, & AD, 9066. 189 

into the water, it was so hote, p&t bit brende of tbe flesbe fro ]>e 
boone of bis legg€8, for bit drowe a-wey alle tbe flesbe tbat it towcbid. 
And lonatbas badde fer a crewette, and fillid bit of tbat wat^. 
tbo be yede fortbe, tille be saw a tree falle of frute ; and fere be 
gaderid frewte, & ete, tborow tbe wbicbe be was made a foule lepre. 
And Joo for sorowe be fel down), & seide, " Cursid be tbe day wber* 
in I was borne, and also tbe bour^ in wbicb I was conseyvid in my 
modir ! " Af tir tbis be Eose, & yede, and sawe tbe secounde water ; 
and dradde for to enti'. neuer]}cles be enterid in, & as tbe fyrsta 
water drowe of tbe flesbe of bis feet, so tbe secounde water Eestorid 
bit ayen). And be filde a cruet per with, & bare the frute with him 
also. And as be yede fortbe, be sawe tbe secounde frewte afer, and 
for be bungerid, be yete of tbistt frute, and anoii) be was clansid of 
alle bis lepi' ; and toke of tbe frute with him, and liuid welle withe 
sustenaunce pereot penne be sawe a feire castett, and in the circuite 
a-boute ful of bedis of lecbis. And as be come ny to tbe casteti, 
fere mette [him] ij. squiers, and ]7ei seid to him, ''Dei' frende, 

* honour, MS. 

[Second Vernon. Addit MS, 9066.] 

.entred in^ tbe watir, it was right bote, ^and, as^ hym thought, it 
departed^ tbe flessb from tbe bone. IT Whan lonatas felt this, be 
toke bis botett, and filled it fidi of this watir. Than be went forth, 
and sawe a tree fuil: of frute. be went vp, and gadred therof*, and 
ete it.^ anoD) be was made a foule lepre, wherof* for sorow be fllle 
downe to tbe erthe, and said, % " Tbe day mot penssb in tbe which 
I was born), and the boure in tbe which I was conseyyed in^ of my 
modir ! " ^ After this sorow be rose vp,^ and toke of tbe frute, and 
walked, H And whan be bad walked a goode while, be saw tbe 
second watir, and be dred to^ passe thurgh. but whan be sawe 
none other passage, be went in, and waded over; and as tbe first 
watir departed the flessh from the bone,^ Right so tbe second watir 
restored hym agayu), wherof ^ be filled bis other boteti of tbat watir. 
And whan be had gone awhile, be saw another tree, and faire frute 
theron; and^® be was gretly an bungred, and ete of tbe frute, and 
anon) be was bole of 'fdl tbe spice of ^^ tbe lepre ; and ^than be^ toke 
with hym of the^* frute, and went fortbe in strength of that mete. 
IT After tbat be saw a Casteti, that was right faire, full of bedes of 
men a& aboute. ^ And whan be come nere the Casteti, there come 

» Om, » that • partyd. * Om, ^ Om. " • Om, ' for to. 
» fete. • wherfor. *• On*, " Om, •• Om. '» that. 

190 THB MAGIC RING, BROOCH, & CIX)TH. STORT. EL. 7333, & AD. 9066. 

-wheDS erte thowet" ''I am)," quod he, ^'a leche of fer contiees 
hennys." ))eime saide ]>ei, '' })e kyoge of this casteH is a lepi^ man, 
& manye lechis comitke to him, and vndirtakithe to hele him, vp 
peyne of hir hedis, and ]>ei havithe y-faylid ea^rycLone ; and fe^ 
foi' thow maiste see hir hedis sitte in the wallis of the castelle. 
and lere foie we telle the for certeyne, yf ^ow yndirtake my lorde, 
and not hele him, povL shalte lese ^y lyfe." J>enne saide he, ** yis, I 
shalle hele him." tho he was browte [to] him, and he yaf the 
kynge of his frewte to ete, & also he yafe him of his secounde wat^ 
to drynke, and anon) the kynge was hole ; & he yaf to lonathas 
Eiche yifte^, and faii', plentef ally, & mo be-hite him, yf he wolde 
abyde withe him, but he wolde not assent to dwelle withe him. 
And eche day he vsid to go vnto Hhe see-syde, ^at was fenn, to 
aspie yf ther wei' enye shippe, that myght bringe him home. & at 
the laste, in a certeyne day pere come toward zxx. shippis, and alle 
in a morow reysid fere. J>enne lonathas enquerid amonge hem, 
yf eny shippe wei* J>ere Redy for to go to swiche a londe, wher as he 

' leaf 182, back, col. 2. 

[Second Version. Addit MS, 9066.] 

men ayenst^ ^J^t and said, "Frende, tell vs what thou art?" he 
said, *'I am a leche of ferre count rees." IF *Than* thei said *viito 
hym,* ** the kynge of this provynce is a lepre ; and many leches have 
'ben here afore ^ the, and saiden) to the kyng, vpon payn) of her 
hedes, thei shuld hele hym ; and all: thei failed, 'as thou maist se by 
her^ hedes, 'that stonde^ aboute the Casteti:. And therfore be ware 
or thou vndirtake hym." IF he said, "I shaH hele hym." and® 
anon) he was brought before® the kynge, and yaf ^^ hym of the frute 
of the second tree for to ete, and of the second watir to^^ drynke. 
IF And anon) as the kyng had resceived this^^ medecyne, he was hole 
of an hiB lepre ; and yaf* to lonatas mekdi^^ goode, and more bebight 
hym and^* he wold have more, and bad hym^ dwelle with hym. 
IT But^^ lonatas wold not" dwelle with hym, but every day he went 
to the see side, that was nere the Castett, for to aspie yf he myght se 
any shippes,^® that myght lede hym to his countre. IF So^® at the last 
he sawe xxx. shippes comyng toward the Castett, and alle thei toke 
haven ayenst even) ; and than^ he went, and asked ^^ of the shippe 

' agayne, passim, * leaf 23. • Om. * Om. * come byfore. 

• Behold and Be the. ' Om. * Ofn. » into. " he gaf. " for to. 

»* the. " mych. •* if. »* On, '« Om, " On no wyse. 

" ship. " Om. ~ thether. " spiryd. 

THE MAQIC RING, BROOCH, & CLOTH. STORY. HL. 7333, & AD. 9066. 191 

havntid scole. At the last he founde a shippe redy, fat wolde to 
the same contree. Jdenne lonathas was gladde, and enterid into the 
shippe, aftir that he hadde take leve of the kynge. Sone aftir that 
he was come to the citee, fere as was his leman) ; but fer was noon) 
that had knowleche of him, for longe tyme, that he had be devourid 
'with wilde beaten, whenne lonathas was in the citee, a-noon) he 
toke cure of Sjke peple, & he helid alle; and by that tyme his 
lemaii) was ^e Hicheste of that citee, by vertu of the Eynge, & of 
the broche, and of the clothe, but she was gretly turmentid withe 
sikenesse. And whenne [she] harde telle, that such a sotiH leche 
was come to the citee, anoon) she made messagers to go for him, & 
that he wolde vouchesafife to hele hii of hir sykenesse. lonathas 
come to hir, & fere he fonde his lemman) oil) bed ; and he knewe 
hir welle, but she knew not him. And whenne he hadde I-seyne 
hir yryne, he seide to hir, '' worth! ladye, thow haste oo sekenesse 
that may not be helid but by oo way ; and yf ])ow wolt preve that 

[Second Version. AddU. MS. 9066.] 

men yf any^ shuld saile into^ his countre. IF At the last he founde 
one that wold go to that Citee, in^ the whiche was^ an vniuersite. 
IF lonatas, whan he herd that, he was glad, and made ^a covenaunt^ 
with hym, and toke his leve.^ And whan he hadde leve, he entred 
in^ the shippe; and after that^ many dales he come to the Citee 
where his love was, that hadde begyled hym ; and there was no man 
that hym knew, for 'his longe tyme beyng out ; for^ his love had 
went,^^ that he had be devowred of wilde bestes. IF Whan lonatas 
had entred the Citee, he had the cure of many^^ sike men, and all he 
heled anon) of her sikenesse. ^^ IF That tyme his lore was the ricchest 
of the Citee, by the^* vertu of the Eynge, Broche, and Clothe ; but 
she was greved of ^^ a grete sikenesse. therefore ^^ whan she herd that 
such a soteH lech was comen) to the Citee, and heled fdl *maner men^^ 
of her sikenesse, IF She sent messangers to hym, ^and praied hym^^ 
that he wold fouchesauf' to visite suche a lady. IF lonatas went 
with the messangers, and founde his love, that was in her bedde ; 
whom he knew full wele, but she^^ knew hym not. IF Whan he had 
seen her watir, and felt her pounce,^^ he said, " my dere lady, ye have 
a speciidi sikenesse, the which may not be heled but by one^ way ; 

' any ship. 'to. ' Om. * is. * oomenaunt. 

• leve of the kyng. '' Om. * Om. ^ Om. " wend. " the. 

»* Biknesttes. " Om. '* with. " Om. " Om. " Om. 

" his love. *' poua. * o. 

192 THE UAOIC RING, BROOCH, & CLOTH. STORT. HL. 7333, & JD. 0066. 

wey, fowe may be helid." then seide she, " I am Redy to do what 
80 eu6r ]}ow comaundist, so that I be hole ther by." lonathas saide 
to hir, " poM moste be clene I-shriven ; & yf fou have withe-drawe 
owte fro eny man) witJi wronge, thow moste Restor* hit ayene, and 
thenne I shalle warante the to be hole ; anci ellis my medicinis woUe 
not stonde in stede." an() so by cause that she was grevousely holde 
withe sekenesse, she made an opyn) confession) afore al men), how 
pat she hac) deseyyid the sonne of the Emperoure, as hit is seide 
afoi^^ and how she lefte him at the Ende of the worlde. Thenne 
seide he, " Whei* ben) the iij. lewellis fat j)ou withe-drew fro him, 
BciL fe Binge, ]>e broche, & the Clothe 1 " And she tolde him, that 
thei wei' at hir beddis fete, in a chest. '^ and J^er^foi^," she saide, 
'* open) fe cheste." And fere he fonde as she saide, wit^ gret loye 
to him ; & he ' toke the Binge, & put hit on) his fynger ; he sette 
the broche on) his breste ; and toke the clothe vndir his arme. And 
he toke hir drinke of his Firste cruet, eciL of that wate?* that drow 
awey the fleshe of his fete, and yaf hir to Ete of that frute that 

> leaf 183, ool. 1. 

[Seeo7id Version. Addit, MS. 9066.] 

and yf* ye wille assaye that way, ye may^ be hole." IT She said, 
** what so ever thou seiest to me that I may do, I shall do it, so that 
I may be hole." IT lonatas said, " ye must openly be confessed ; yf 
ye have * taken) away wrongfully from any man any thinge, *se that 
ye delyuere^ it sone agayn), and than* ye shaH be hole, or* els my 
medecyne wille not availe." IT She in her^ grete sikenesse began) to 
telle before aH, how she hadde disceived lonatas, the Emperoui* 
sone, and how she had left hym in the vtter'' partie of the world. 
% Whan lonatas had herd this, he said ^ her,^ " where are tho iij. 
lewelx, that® ye toke from the clerbl" She said, "In a Cheste at 
my beddes fete ; open it, and se 'it, that^* I lye not, in this grete 
necessitee." IF lonatas opened the chest, and found mekett^^ tresoui^, 
but he hadde liteH loye therof ; but toke anon) tho^^ iij. lewelx, and 
the rynge he put on his fyngre, the Broche on his brest, and the 
clothe vndre his arme. and than he toke^' and yaf* her drynke of 
the first botelt,^* that is, of the watir that departed the fless^ from 
the bone, IT And also he yaf* her of the 'first frute,^* by the which he 
hym self was made lepre. And whan she had eten) of the frute, 

* mow. ' leaf 23, back. ' and yelde. * Oni. ' and. 

• Om, ' fyrthest. * Om. * Om. " Om. " myoh. '« the. 

" he helde. " water. '* froyte of the fyrsfc tre. 

THE MAQIO BIKQ, BBOOOH, & OLOTH. XORAUTS. EL. 7838, & AD. 0066. 193 

made him lepi* ; ami whemie she hadde Eesseyvid bit, she was in 
swiche a likenesse, that no man) wolde no lengar abide wtt^ hir, and^ 
in that grete angi' she jede yp the sprite, thenne aftir hir dethe, 
lonathas tumid home to his contiee, with gret loje, beryng with 
hime the ringe, fe broche^ & the clothe ; and in goode pes Endid 
his lyf . 


DEie frendesy fia Emperouie is otue lord Ihesu. Criste, that 
bathe iij. sonnes. by the firste sone we most yndiistonde 
angeUs, to whome god bathe yevin swiche confinnacioi]) and 
giace^ )»at they may not synne ; for aftir that aungels weei' falle don), 
god so confennid hem, that thei dwelle stille after^ that ]>ey myght 
not synne aftir. by the secounde sonne yndirstonde prophetes, to 
whom) god yaf pe olde lawe of moyses; the which law was 
mevable, for it was chavngid by the advent of Criste. And to the 
thirde sone, acU. a Cristen maii), he^ yaf i\j. iewett, a Einge^ a broche, 
& a clothe. By the Binge we muste vndirstonde feithe, for that 
owithe to be Bounde like a Binge, and with oute eny IT twartynge ; 
and he that bathe the Binge of feithe, withe oute eny dowte he 
shalle have the love of god and of aungles ; and pereioie seithe oure 

' and he, MS. 

[Second Version. Addit. M8. 9066.] 

and dronkeii) of the watir, anon) her bely opened, and 9& her guttes 
went out; and so with grete payne^ she died. IT lonatas seyng her 
dede, with loye he wente to his countre, beiyng with hym the Bynge, 
the Broche, and the clothe ; and after he^ ended his lyf in pease. 

IT Declaracio. Prendes, this Emperour is oure lord Ihera crist, 
that bathe iij. sonnes. IF By the first sonne is vndirstond AungeH, 
to the which god yave suche enformacion), that thei mow not synne ; 
for after that lucifei' synned, as by pride, there felle many aungels, 
save thei that cleved fast to. god, that first are confermed. IT By the 
second sone are vndirstond patriarkes and prqphetes, to the which 
god yafi the olde lawe, that was movable, for it was chaunged by the 
comyng of crist IT To the thirde sone, that is, cristen man, he yaf 
i\j. lewelx, that is, a Bynge, a broche, and a clothe. IF By the 
rounde Bynge we shuti: vndirstond f eith, that oweth to be rounde, 
with out foryetyng. IT And he that hath the rynge of verrey feitJl, 
that have the love of god and of aungels ; therfor our lord seith, he 

' diflseBe. ' Om. 

OESTA. 18 

19^ THE MAGIO BINOy BROOCH, & CfLOTH. MOBALITB. HL. 7838, & AD, 9060. 

«ayiourey 8i Tiahtieritia fideniy eicut graiium einapis, IT &e. tti supvA^^ 
fislBto Beje, yf ye hare feithe, as the seeJ or as the greyne of 
6ynevey, as is saide befoi^ and ^erefoi^ he that hathe fe Ringe of 
Feithe, yereliche he shalle have al thinge^ to his likinge. Also he 
yaf to the Ctysten) man a ^ broche, Bcil, the holy goste, in his herte ; 
& J>erfore it is seyde, Mittam vobis apintyim paraditumy ^ siiggeret 
vohia omnia quecumque dixero vohis^ j^is is to sey, I shalle sonde to 
yow the holy gost, the whiche shaH shew in yow all goodis whicH 
I shall seye to yowe. And? ther-for yf we have the holy goste in 
oure hert69, withe oute dowte we shulle have al thinge that shall be 
prophitahle to oure soulis. Also he yaf to [the] Cristin maii)^ a 
presious clothe, the clothe is p^te charite, the whiche god 
shewithe for vs & to vs in the cros ; for he louyj^e vs so mnche, that 
he offirde him selfe to dye for vs, for to bringe vs to the place that 
we desire for to come to, 8a7. to henene. and therfoi' who so wille 
sitte on the clothe of perfite^ charite, withe onto dowte he may be 
translatid. lonathas may be callid euery Cristen) man \a\, is fallyn) 
to synne. thenne his leman) metithe wzt^ him, scil. his wrecchid 
fleshe, ])at stirithe him to synne ; and than he lesithe the Einge of 
feithe, that he Beseyvid in baptisme ; And ])enne the broche, sct7. 
" ut o' in MS. ■ leaf 183, col. 2. » Cristiman, MS, * perfe, MS. 

[Second Version. Addit. MS, 9066.] 

that hatK so moche faith as a mustard sede, shaH remove hilles. 
% Therf or he that hath the Eynge of verrey f eith shaH have aH thyng 
at his wille. IT Also he yaf< to the Cristen) man a broche, that is, 
the holy gost ; therf ore he seid, ^*1 shaH send to you that^ shaH teche 
you ali that I have seid to you." and yf we have the holy gost in 
oure hert, with outen doute we shaH have all: goodes 'that is profit- 
able to helth of our soule. ^ Also he gaf* to cristen) man the thirde 
Tewett, that is, a precious clothe, this clothe is perfite charitee, that 
oure lord shewed to vs on) the crosse ; for he loved vs so mekett, 
that he of&ed hym self> to deth for vs, that he shuld lede vs thedir 
where we desire to be, and that is in heven). IT Therfore who so 
ever desireth to sitte on perfite charitee, with outen doute he sh^ 
be translated from this world to heven. IF lonatas may wele be 
called a Cristen man, that is fallen) in synne. IT Amasie rynneth to 
hym, that is, his fles£^ that diawe^ hym to synne ; and so he losetb 
the lynge of perfite feith, that he resceived in his baptyme. IT Also 

* alU that, MS. * leaf 24. 


])e holy gost, fleithe froni) him, for synne; and the clothe, bcU, 
chaiitey is drawin) fro him as ofte tyme as he assentithe to synne j 
and so the wrecchid man) is lefte withe onte helpe amonge the wylde 
heetes, bcU. the devil, pe wordle, & the fleshe; and thenne it is 
gretlye to sorow. perfarey man, do as dude lonathas ; aiys fro thi 
slepe of synne, for thow hast slepte to longe in the slepe of camalite ; 
and J^erfoi' hit is wretin thus, IT Surge qui dormis, ^ illumindbit te 
ChriduSy pis is to sey, Arys ))oa ]}at slepest, and Cnste ]>e shalle 
lijtny. )>enne whenne pou^ ert vp EiBen fro slepe of synne, and art 
I-litenyd, & mayste see, entre in to the wat^r that wolle have of the 
fieshe fro the boone, seil. penaunce, the w[h]iche putithe^ awey 
fleshelyche affeccions. Aftir he Etithe the frute of Sharpenesse, the 
whiche channgithe pe chei', in man^ of a lepi* man ; as it is wretin^ 
of Crist, % Vidimus emn nqn hdbeniem speciem neque decorem, pis is 
to seye. We saw him not having shappe ne faimesse. so of the 
Bonle, that is in bittemesse for his synnes ; and thei^oi' in figui' a 
sowle is seide to be blak, po^ hit be wel I-shape. Afbir he entrithe 
pe secoiinde water, that is I-callid holly comnnynge, that is aftir 
penannce ; and perfoi' seithe oure sauioure, If Ego sum fans vite ; qui 

' pntthe, MS. ' wetin, Ma 

[Second Version. Addit MS. 9066.] 

the Broche, that is, the holy gost, fleigh away from hym, IF Also 
the clothe is draw from hym, that is, perfite charitee, all so ofte as 
he assenteth to dedely S3mne ; and so wrecched man is left wit^ out 
helpe amonge wilde bestes, that is, amonge the devett, the world, 
and the flessti, that is gretly for to sorow. IT Do than therfore as 
lonatas did ; Byse out of synne, for thou hast slept to longe in the 
skirte of flesshly lustes ; as it is written, '' thou hast slept in synne ; 
arise, and orist shall lighten) the, so that thou shalt be saved." 
IT Sampson) slept in the skirte of dalyda, and lost his strength, he 
arose, and entred the watir, that is, the watir of penaunce, that 
departil^ the flessh, that is, flesshly afifeccions. IT Than he ete of 
the frute of sharpnesse, that chaungei^ his semblaunt to the likenesse 
of a lepre ; as it is redde of crist, we saw hym as a man that had no 
chere, but as a lepre. So it is of the soule that is in bittimesse for 
the synnes that he hatll done. IT wherfore it is said in figure of the 
soule, I am blak*, but I am semely and faire, that is to sey, I am 
blak* in body, but I am faire in soule. % Than he went into the 
second watir, that restored hym. IT This watir is comvnyon aftir 

196 XLVII. THE TWO FRIENDS. 8T0BT. EARL. 7333^ & ADDIT, 9066. 

hiherit ex aqua kac, non siciet'^ in etemumy ^this Ib to sey, I am ])e 
welle of lyfe ; and he that dnnkithe of this wat^r, shalle not thirste.' 
Aftir pat, he etithe of the fruyt of the seconnde tree, the w[h]iche 
Eestorithe al that was loste ; whenne that he is glorefijd in eu^- 
lasting lyfe, aftir that he hathe helide the kynge, scil. fe sonle. & 
BO he entrithe in to the shippe of holy chirche, and gothe to his 
lemman), acU. his fleshe, & Eechithe to hir the water of contrucion), 
and the frute of penaunce, and of sharpnesse, for the whiche the 
fleshelyche a£feccions deyethe ; & so by penaunce he takithe of hit 
his lost goodes, and so he gothe to his contree, acil. to the kyngdom) 
of heyene. To the whiche he ys brynge, that is kynge Euerlastinge 1 

[ XLVII. ] 

(the two friends.) 

ENlopius was a gode Emperoure in fe citee of Eome, the whiche 
loyid moste passingli love and pes ; and periot wher so euer 
he knewe pat eny discorde or vnrest was Kegnynge, he 
laboyrid to make Eeformacion) of pes. so in that tyme pere wei^ 
> floiet» MS. ' leaf 183, back, ool. 1. ' troste, MS. 

[Second Version. Addit MS, 9066.] 

penaunce ; wherfoi' oui^ saviour seith, "I am the welle of lyf> ; he that 
drynketll of this watir, he shati not thnst after." he than^ eteth of 
the firute of the tre the second, that restored att that was lost, that 
is, whan aH is glorified in ever lastyng lyf*. IT Also he cured the 
kyng, that is, his reson), and so he entred the shippe of holy chirch, 
and to his love, that is, the fiessh, he gaf* the watir of contricion), 
and the frute of penaunce and of sharpnesse, [by] the which the 
flessh, that ^is, the afifeccion) of flesshly lust, is slayn). and so a man 
getith by penaunce goodes that are lost by synne, and goth to his 
countrey, that is, the kyngdome of heven. to the which brynge va 
Ihe^ crist, that bought vs with the price of his precious blood 1 

[ XXVnL leaf 38, hack. ] 

Eulopius reigned in ^the Citee of ^ Rome, the whiche amonge aS 
vertues loved mekett^ love and acorde; and where ^that was 
cissime and debate amonge any,^ he labored for to make 

> that, MS. ' leaf 24, back. ' Om, * myohe. 

' as eny debate was. 


two knyghtetf, od) of baldak, that o^er of luznbardye ; aii<{ thes twoo 
loyid to-gedir Right muche, and sent lettens ei]>6r to ojrdre by 
measagers; so that what euer the knight of lombaidy hadde of 
marchaandiBe in his londe, he sent hit to the to])ere ; in ]»e same 
maner }»e knijt of baldak sent to the knite of lumbaidye, of al man^ 
thinges an<{ noveltees that wei' in baldak, and not in lumbardye. 
So in a tyme ]>is kni^te of lumbaidye ])03te, as he lay in his bedde, 
'' swicb a frende I have in baldak, & I have sent to him many grete 
yiftis, and so hathe [he] to me wel mo. for sothe now woUe I go 
visite him or ]>at I be dede." He come to the londe of baldake, & 
come to the house of his f elow, the w[h]iche he saw neoer afore ; and 
whenne his felow saw hi?n> he fel for gladnes vpon) him, & kiste 
him, and wepte for loye j and he saide, ^'thow art welcome^ to me 
as haKe my soule!" And whenne he hadde abide ther certeyne 
days, he saw in the honse the fayrest damisdi to his ye, that eo^r 
he sawe ; & he was Bavishid in his mynde for hir, in so moche that 
he kepte his bedde, ^and myte ney]7er ete ne drynke wele. then) 
1 yelcome, Ma ' leaf 18S, back, ool. 2. 

[Second Vereion. Addit MS. 9066.] 

accorde, that good accorde shold be had. IT There were that tyme 
ij. knyghtes, one of the contre of Baldoki, and the other' of lombaniie, 
that loved wele' to-gedre, and neither^ of hem sawe never other, 
but by messangers betwixe hem ; so that the knyght of lumbardie, 
what so^ he had of marchaundise *and of ^ other thynges there he 
dwelled, he sent by messangers to his felaw, the knyght in Baldok* ; 
and the knyght of Baldok' on^ the same maner, aH the marchaundise 
in his land that myght not be founden) in lombardie, he sent to 
hym. IT The knyght of lombardie on a tyme, as he laye in his 
bedde, he pought, " I have suche a frende in Baldok*, to whom I 
have sent many giftes, and he to me gretter ; I shatt go and se hym 
or that I dye." and so he went to the land of Baldok*, and come to 
the house of his felawe, that he had never sene afore. If The 
^knyght his^ felaw, whan he herd of his comyng, he was right loy- 
fuli, and toke hym aboute the nekke, and kissed hym, and wept for 
ioye, and said, *' thou art welcome to me, half* my sonle ! ** and pie] 
abode with hym as longe as he wold, and whan he had I-be^ there 
certayn) daies, he sawe a right faire maiden)^ in his house ; and anon) 
he was taken) in her love, in so mekett^^ that^^ he laye in his bedde, 

* tother» ' Om. ' nother. * maner. * or. ' in. 
' knyghtes. ' byd. * mAyde, patnm, '^ myoh. " Om. 


the oper knight, fe lorde of the hovse, come to him, an(J askicJ the 
cause of his hevinesse, & of his seknes. J)eime saide he, " })er is a 
damiselle in thin house, that I love, anci covejte in myn) herte ouar 
al thinge in this worlde ; and dede I mot be, bnt I have hir love." 
And tlienne he badde him be stronge, and of goode chei', and saide 
that he shuld bi^ve al thinge that his soule wolde desire, yf it we^ 
in that house, and a-non) he shewid him al the women) of the 
house, Exsepte oon) damesel ; and thenne he saide, '^ T>&^ frende, is 
she hei' amonge this company, ]>at )ovl desiristl" and he saide, 
" naye.'' And at the laste he shewid afore him the damiseUe ; & 
whenne he sawe hir, he seide to his felaw, " [This is] she fat is my 
lyf and my dethe bothe ! " And thenne he saide, *' J)is damiseU' is 
coume of gentil kynrede, and I have norishid hir of a childe, for 
she shulde have ben my wyfe ; neuertheles fow arte come from fer 
contrees, for grete fervente love fat hathe I-bene a-twene vs of longe 
tyme, and therfoi* I wouchesaf fat thow have hir to wyf ; I shalle 
yeve to the wttA hir grete habundaunce of Eichesse." whenne the 

kni^t herde the wordes, he Ros, & was hole ; & saide to Idm, " dei* 

^^^^ — ^^— — — .— — ^— »»-^^— ^^^— ^^■^^jj ^^^^^^^^^_^^^^^^ I— ^^— ^^_^ 

[Secmd Version. Addit MS. 9066.] 

and neither ete ne dranke. IT His felawe come to hym, and said, 
"IT 0! dere^ frende, for what cause arte thou* turmented in thi 
soule I'' he said, " there is a maiden) in thi' house, the which I love 
mekeH,* that I shall dye but yf I have her." IT The other ^ said, 
" take comforte *to the,® and be stronge, for yf ther be any in my 
house that thi soule desireth, with out doute thou shalt have her." 
IF Anon) he shewed to hym *the women,^ to take her® that he desired, 
than seid the sike knyght, ''amonge aH thise is not she that my 
soule loveth." Than he shewed to hym the maiden) that he loved, 
w^han he saw her, he seid, " this is* she, in the whiche is ^^my dethe 
and my lyf*." IF The knyght said, " forsothe this maiden) is of a^^ 
noble kynrede, the whiche I have norisshed fro her yongthe, that 
she shold be my wyf" ; Neverthelesse thou arte come to me fro f erre 
countrees, for^* love that longe hathe ben betwixe vs ; I shall yeve 
her to^^ the to wyf*, with many richesse^* that I shulde resceive with 
her, by the whiche aH^* thi kynrede may be the better." IF The sike 
knyght, whan he herd this, he arose ^^ anon) out of his bedde hole, 

* Of». ' thou thus. ' this. * bo myche. ' tother. * Om. 

^ woman, MS. ' alle the women of the hous^ out take her. * same is. 

'"^ leaf 39. " Om. " fro, MS. •» Om. »* r3The88e8. '* Om, 

" rose vp. 

ZLYU. THE TWO FRIBNDS. 8T0BT. HAML, 7S33, & ADDIT, 0066. 199 

firende, god the yelde for the gentilnesse that thowe seiat to me, & 
hast doon) for me many a tyme ; hut how that hit ahalle he Bewaide 
& joldeii), for 8o]»e I not." Soone aftir ther was ciide a gentfrafi 
hridale, and alle men that come to that f este^ hadde grete medes if 
henefetis or thej yede. and aftir al this the knight toke his leve, 
and jede home ayene in to ln7nhaidye withe his wyf ; and a Eiche 
man) he was, and alle his firendes were avaunsid hy ^ goodes Ss 
Richesses that he hrowte from) haldak ; and his wyf was lovid gretly 
of all men, and hrowte forthe a faire dowtar. Aftir hit happid, 
that the f orsayde knyght of haldak was f alne in to grete poYerte, in 
80 much that he had not to lyve with, he thoyte in a oerteyne 
tyme, ))at hit wei' heste for him for to go to his olde frende, ^t he 
avaunad and yaf to his damiseti', & he founden of him ; and that 
him thowte hadde hen the hetter )wd) ^for to have livid in wrecchid- 
nesse, as he dude, he yede to lumhardye in pore aiaye, like a pore 
man, for he hadde litle in his purse ; and when he was in lumhardye 
he enterid into the oetee ther as his felowe was dweUe. And wiienne 
;he come in to the citee, ye nyght was darke, and he thowte to him 

' leaf 184, ool. 1. 

'^— — — — ^ 1—^^— - ■ ^^■^.^^-^»^— ^^.— ^— ^ . 

[Second Version. AddiL MS. 9066*] 

and said, ''0 ! dere frende, god quyte the, for mekett^ thou hast 
done for me ofte sithes ! how may I yeld 'the aA^ the henefetis that 
pan hast done to me, ytterly I wote nerei^ 1 " IT Anon) he did crie a 
grete fest for the weddyng ; and there come many to the weddyng, 
and token) mete. IT Wlum the fest was done, the knyght toke his 
leye, and wente to lumhardie with his wy^, and grete richesse ; wher- 
f ore he was made right riche, and bA his, — ^the whiche richesse he 
hrought fro Baldok*. and his wyf was wonderly loved of aH, and 
brought hym forthe a faire sone. IT It fille aftirward, that the 
knyght of Baldok* come to grete poverte, in so mekeli'* that he had 
not wherof* that he myght lyve. he thought, ** it is better to me 
now for to goo to lumbardie to my frende, the^ whiche I promoted 
to grete richesse, and gaf* hym a wyf, and att way loved hym, that 
he may socoure me in my poverte, than for to lyve* in grete myserie 
and wrecchednesse." he went alone into lumbardie as a poore 
man, for he had lit^ to spende by the way ; And whan he come 
into® lumbardie, he entred a Citee, in the whiche the ^knyght his^ 
frend dwelled in®; and whan he entred the Citee, it was nyght, 

* myche. • Otn, * myoho. * Om, • leue here. • to. 

' knyghletf. • Om, 

200 XLVII. THE TWO FBIEKD8. STOBT. SARL, 7833, & ADDIT. 9066. 

self 6, " it is now nyght, and my clotbis be]>e not faiie for a knijte, 
and also I am barf ote ; and yf I goo no¥re to the hovse of my felawe, 
he shalle vnnej^e knowe me in this clothing, nay," qnod he, " hit 
shalle not be soo." he lokid abowte him, & he sawe a paiishe 
chirche ; and he enterid in to the yerde, & yede in to the In-gange, 
ecil. in to the porche, and fere he lay al nyghi & as he laye fere 
ia the poiche, too men) foute fere in the strete, and that on) slowhe 
the tofere ; and sone the mankille[T] Ean) in to the chircheyerde ; 
and sone a multitude of peple ran) in to the chirche-yerd. So fere 
they sowte, but none thei coude fynde, but only the knijte in the 
chirche-porche. And thei saide to him, " where is he tbat slowhe 
the man V* '' I am he," quod he ; '^ takithe me, & bringe me ferloi^ 
in the iebet." And this he said, for he hadde lexier have ben dede, 
than so to live in pouertee. & thanne thei toke him, & browte him 
to prasoun) ; and on) the morowe he was demid to be dede, and he 
was ladde to the iebet ; and many f olowid him, and amonge the 
peple was the knijt his felawe. and when) he had beholden) his 

[Second Version. Addit MS. 9066.] 

and derke. IT he thought with in hym self, " it is nyght, and my 
^clothyng is^ nought precious for a knyght, and also I am bare foote. 
yf I go now to the house of my felaw, he shaH vnnethe have knowyng 
of me, for derknesse of the nyght ; it shati not be so." ^ he loked 
aboute, and sawe a parissll chirche; and wente into^ the chirctL 
yerd, and atte' entre of the chirche he rested hym. and as he 
lay and slept, ij. men foughten) to-gedre, and the^ one slough the^ 
other ; and he that slough hym ranne out of the chirche yerd, and 
yode his way. ^ In shorte tyme after, a grete clamour rose* in the 
Citee, and a rumour, that fe man-sleer was ronne to the chirche yerd.^ 
[Anone a multitude of peple ran to the chirche yarde,^ and founde 
^no man but the knyght, atte^ entre of the chirche liyng. IT One said 
to hym, ^' where is the man-sleerl" ho said, ^' I am he; take me, 
and hange me on the gebette." he said thus, for he had lever dye, 
than live in poverte. IF Thei layed hondes on hym, and led hym to 
prison). ^The next^® day he was demed to the dethe, and ledde to 
the galous; and many folowed,^^ ^ Amonge the whiche was the 
knyght, his felaw. and whan he had enterly beholden) hym, he 

' clothes bene. 'to. 'at the. * that ' was. ' Om. 

^ SiippllM fram C. ■ leaf 39, back. • at the. 

'• That other. " folowdyn hym. 

ZLVII. THK TWO FRIBND8. 8T0RT. HABL. 7338, & ADDIT. 9066. 201 

felowe, he saide in his herte *' What 1 howe is ^is 1 this is my felawe 
of haldak, that thei lede here to dethe." And withe oute any 
tarilnge he creyde withe an hie Toyse, and saide, " How 1 man), abide, 
abide, lete him leve I it is not he that slowe the man), hit is II " 
And tko they toke him, and ladde hem bothe* to ^ lebet, to be 
dede. And among al o])ir, the man that killid the dede man) was 
\er present ; and he thowte in him selfe, *' I am gylti of this dethe, 
and the too kni^tes bethe innocente^; for sothe it may not be, but 
that god shalle take vengeaiince of me. hit is beste for me, that I 
now opyn) my synne, and take penaxmce theifoi' than^ late thes 
^innocentetf perishe." And he cride withe an hie voyse, '^ bej^e ware, 
that ye do none harm) to the men), for I am gylti in the dede ; ^ei 
be|)e innocenW, and I am he that slowhe the man) : takithe me, and 
dothe me on) the iebet." Jpenne the peple sette honde ypon) him, 
and browte him wtt^ the two knites to the luge, & saide, '' sir, we 
han) grete m^rvayle of thes iij. men, for the first saide, wtt^ his 

owne mouthe, that he slowhe the man); and that o^ere come, & 

* aod^, MS. ' leaf 184, coL 8. 

[Second Version. Addit MS. 9066.] 

said witli in hym self*, '' what is this ! with oute doute this is my 
felaw, the knyght of Baldok* ! " Hhei ledden) hym^ to the galouse. 
IT Anon) he cried with an hie voice, "abide'!" abide*! he slowe 
not the man, but it is I." Thei heryng this,^ laied hondes on hym, 
and brought hym to the galouse. IT Than was he there, amonge 
other, that slow the man, and thought witfi in hym self, " I am 
gilty of the dethe, ^and yf I suffre thise ^. Innocente'^ knyghtes to^ 
goo to the dethe, it may not be but^ god shaH take some yengeaunce 
on me. It is better ^forto^ be aknow of my synne here openly, and 
take my penaunce, than for to suffre thise* Innocentes for^^to perissh.*' 
Tlian with an hye Toice he cried, " spare hem ! spare hem ! for thei 
are Innocentes, and I am gilty, for I slow ^the man^^ with myn)^^ 
handes, and thei slow hym not; take me, and hange me on the 
gibbetto 1 " IT Moche peple, whan thei herd this, thei wondred ; 
and^* anon) thei laied hondes on hym ; Wd aH the peple turned 
agayn) wit£ hym, and the \j. knyght6«, and seid to the domesman, 
" IF Sir, we mervaile of this" ig. men. The first knyght was aknow 

* That thei lede. ' Abideth. * Om. * that * hinooentes, MS. 

* of thes y. innocent knyghtes ; and I snffire hem. ^ but that * I. 

• Om. *• Om. " hym. " myne owne. " Om. 

'* And alle the peple merveylyd of theSb 

202 XLTIl. THE TWO FRIENDS. BTORT. nARL, 7333, & ADDIT. 0066. 

saide, nay, for he saide that he slowhe him ; anci now the thirde 
comithe, and seide that thei bothe bethe innocent6«, and that he 
slowhe him withe his own hondes j and J^erfoi', sir, we be]>e I-come 
to youre dome, for to loke what ye wolle eeye in this cas." J^enne 
saide the luge to the firste knight of baldak, '' whi, & for what cause 
seyde foil, that thowe slowhe the man))" "For sojje," quod he, 
*' & I 8pi]alle seye soj^e. I was some tyme a worthi knight, and a 
Hiche, and mony men) I fonde and susteynid yndir me ; but withe 
in fewe yeris I felle in to grete poverte, in so moche that I have no 
thinge to spende, but as I begge my brede fro doi' to doi'. And so 
when) th^t I thinke of my grete nobilite that I haye ben) Inne, and 
of grete pouerte that I am) Inne nowe, I hadde leue;*e be dede than 
live ; and f eref ore I saide that I slowe the man), in the entente that 
thei shulde slee me.'' Thexme seide the luge to the secounde kn^t, 
" tel me whi that thow saide that ))ou slowhe him % " " for sothe, 
sir/ quod he, '' and I shalle tel yow. this knight hei' hathe hiliche 
avaunsid me, and yaf e to me my wyf ; and fere fore I lovid him as 
moche as myselfe ; and J^eref oi' whenne I sawe him go to def eward, 

[Second Version. Addit MS. 9066.] 

that he slew the man ; The second said, nay, but he slow hym ; The 
thirde seid, that the ij. knyghtes were Innocentes, and he hym self 
slow hym withe his owne^ handes; and therfore we are turned 
agayn), to* here a verrey dome,' what is for to done of this thynge." 
IF The domesman seid to the first knyght of Baldot, " IT Frend, whi 
saidest^ thou, Hhat thou^ slow the man)" he said, "forsothe I sh^ 
say you the® trouthe. I was somtyme a liche knyght, and a worthi 
man, and many I held witfi me, and I' susteyned ; but with in few 
yeres I come to grete poverte, in so mekeH^ that I have no thynge 
to spend, but seke my brede fro dore to dorre. therfore whan I 
thynk* on my ryalte® and richesse, and now considre my grete 
poverte, I had lever than grete mede^*^ I were take^^ out of the^* 
world; and^* therfore I said, ^*I slew the man, that I shold the 
rather^' perissh and be dede." IF Than seid the domesman to the 
second knyght, "whi saidest^® thou, that^"^ thou slew the manl" he 
said, " forsothe I sh^ shew the ^^ the trouthe. this knyght promoted 
me to grete dignitye and richesse, and gaf* me a wyf, IF wherfore I 

' Om, • for to. ' trouthe. * seyst • Om. • Om. 

^ Om. ■ mycbe. • nobley. ^^ goode. " Om, " this. 

" Om, '* Ituif 40. '* Boiiner. '^ sey.< " O^n, »• you. 

XLVII. THB TWO FBIENDS. 8T0BT. HAML. 7333, & ADDtT, 9066. 203 

I cride withe a lowde voyse, and saide that I slowe the man), in the 
entente p&t I sholde be dede, and he I-sauid/' And thanne saide 
the luge to the thirde man, '' telle me whi that thow saide that ]>ow 
kyldest himi" "Forsothe," quod he, "and I shafi telle yowe 
opinlye ^e sothe; for sothelye I slowhe him ^with myn) oune 
hondes ; and pertoi when I sawe thes two knites wei' ladde to be 
dede, I thovte to my selfe, that god, that sethe al thinges, wold 
perioi^ have I-takin vengeaunce of me, yf I had suffrid hem so go to 
dethe, sithen) I was synn^r ; & ^erefore I ^u^te I wolde not do so 
grete synne, and that I wolde Eathii save fe Innocent^^ & dy my 
selfe, than for to dampne my selfe perpetuelly. & J^erefoz^, sir, hei' 
I have seide opinli the sothe, how that I slowhe )>e man) vriih myn) 
OTne hondes." The[n] aunswerde fe luge, seinge ])us, " sithen ])ou 
haste seide the sothe for salvacion) of the Inuocente^, sothely poiL 
shalt not be dede." and alle men) comendid the luge, that had so 
hilie and so graciouslye demyd for the trewe trespassoure. 

> leaf 184, back, ool. 1. 

[Second Versioiu Addit MS. 9066.] 

love hym as mekeH^ as my self*; therfore whan ^he went^ to the 
dethe, I cried with an hie voice, that I slow the man, that he 
myght be saved, and' desired for his love for* to dye." IT The 
domesman seid than to the third man, "whi seidest^ thou, that^ 
thou slow^ the man?" "IT Sir,* I sh^ telle you the verrey trouthe. 
I slow the man, witfi out doute ; and whan I saw ^at thise men 
went to^ dethe, I thought in my hert, it may not be but that god is 
rightfuH, and all thynge seeth, and Ville somtyme^® take vengeaunce 
oP^ me, for^' by cause I slow the rightfuil man ; and also yf I shold 
suffire thise Innocentes be slayn) for my dede, it shold be to me a 
grevous synne. IT Therfore it is better now^' to me to be a-know 
the trouthe before aU, and save the Innocentes fro^* dethe, than 
^everlastyng to^* dampne my self*, and therfore I said the trouthe, 
that witi myn) owne hand^* I slow the man." IT The domesman 
seid, " frend, sithen it is so, that thou hast shewed the trouthe, and^^ 
hast saved the Innocentes fro the dethe, thou shalt not be dede, but 
thou shalt have thi lyf, with aB. thi heritage." wherfore aU men 
praised the domesman, that so mercy fuU^* did with the man-sleer. 

* myche. • I saw him go. • and I. * Om, • seyst • Om, 

' slowyRt. • He seyde, Syr. • thes. ij. go to the. *^ wole Bone. 

" on. " Om. " bm. '* fro the. '* everlantyngly. •• handes. 

" that thou alow the man, and. " mercy fully. 



DEre fiendes, fia Emperoure is the fadir of hevene ; The twoo 
knijte^ be]>e oure lorde Ihe«ii Criste and the iadir Adam), the 
whiche was shapin & formidl in the felde of Damaske; & 
god was with onto begynnyng, and is withe oute endynge. messagers 
wei^ atwene hem, whenne the fadir saide to the sonne & to the holy 
gost, Fdciamus hominem ad ymaginem Sc similitvdinem nostrum^ 
This is to seye, lete ys make maii) ynto our ymage and to oure 
likenesse. but the knijt ))at come to the howse of that o)>er6 kni^t, 
that was translatid fro the felde of Damaske ; & )>ere he sawe a faire 
mayde, Bcih \q soule y-made to the likenesse of god, the w[h]iche 
Adam desirid. And god seinge that, yaf the soule to Adam, the 
w[h]ich was made to his oune likenesse, withe alle godes of this worlde. 
Aftir that, Crist come to grete pouerte, and toke oure fleshe ; as thes 
wordes berithe witnesse of his pouertee, Vvlpes foueaa JiaberU, et 
volucres cell nidos; JUiua autem hoimnis non hdbet vbi eapud suum 
inclinet, ))is is to seye, lo ! ^foxis havi]) dennys, & briddis of hevene 
hayi]>e nestis ; but the sonne of man ha]>e not wez' he may redyne 
or enbowe his hede. ]}enne he enterid in to the porche of the 
chirche, bcU. in to the wombe of oure seint marie the viigine ; & 

■ leaf 184, back, ool. 2. 

[Second Version. Addit. MS. 9066.] 

IT Declaraoio. Frendes, this Emp^rovr is the Fadir of heyen). 
the ij. knyghtes are our lord Ihesu crist, and the first Fadir Adam, 
[that] was made in the feld of Damascene ; and god was ever wit& 
out begynnyng*, and shall be withe out endyng. IT Messangers were 
betwixe hem, whan the Fadir said to the sone and to the holy gost, 
" Make we man to our likenesse." IF But the knyght, that come to 
the house of the other, is Adam, the first Fadir, that was translated 
fro the feld of Damascene, where he saw a faire woman, that is, the 
soule, made to the likenesse of god, that Adam desired. IT God saw 
that, and gaf* hym the soule, that he made to his likenesse, wit^ sA 
the goodes of the world. IF Aftir this come crist to right grete 
poverte, whan he come downe fro heven), and toke our flessh ; For 
foxes have dennes, and briddes of ^ heven) have nestis, but the sone 
of man^ hathe not wherto that he may lene his hede. IF he entred 
the gate of holy chirch, that is, the wombe of that blissed viigyn)| 

' leaf 40, back * a maide, MS. 


fere he lay fro tyme of his consepcios) vnto the tjme of his nativite. 
in the tyme fiti])e to-gedir ij. laen), aeil, the fleshe & fe sprite ; but 
the fleshe slowhe ]^ sprite, what tyme mankynde brake the com- 
tvndement of god. Thenne the peple ronne in to the chirche-yerde, 
BciL deuelis yede aboyte, for to make that al mankynde shulde 
pmsshe. The kny3t, that pro&nd to dye, was oure lorde Ihe^u 
^riste, whenne he sayde, IT Quern queritis f whom seke ye 9 Ego 
tuniy I am he that ye seche. ])enne the peple toke him, & ladde him 
to the lubet. thenne whenne that o])er knyjt, his trewe fi:ende, sawe 
])is, &Q, by the secounde kny3t we must vndirstonde aposteles and! 
martiris, the whiche suffidd dethe in the name of Criste ; & yerefote 
seide Crist to his disciplis, PotesHs Inhere calicem quern ego eum 
bibiturus, f\a is to seye, may ye drinke of the same cuppe ^at I am 
to drynke, acil, su£&e passion) as I shalle ; and thai seide, Fossumus,'^ 
We mowe. And the thirde, ^at seid, ^'sothely I slow him wit^ 
myn) owne hondys," pB,t is euery synner, fat owi^ to graunte ])e 
sothe in confession), for the entente f&t the Innocent soule sholde 
not be slayne ; & ^enne yf he do so, withe oute dowte he shal not 
dye, but he shalle have eucrlastyng l^fe. Ad qtuim. ^c 

' PoBsum, MS. 

[Second Version, Addit MS. 9066.] 

and there he nyghted from the tyme of his ConceptioD) ynto his 
birthe. IT In ^e meane tyme foughteii) ij.^ to-gedre, that is, the 
flessh and the spirite ; but the flessh slow the spirite, whan mankynd 
synned ayenst goddes biddyng, wherfore he was folowed aboute the 
chirche yerd, IT That is, the devels wenten) about, and so prikked 
and stongen), that aH mankynd shuld perissh. The other knyght 
profered hym self* to the dethe for his brother, and for his frend, 
that is, oure lord Ihesu cnst, whan wilfully he seid to the lewes, 
''whom seke ye) I am he." Wherfore thei tokeu) hym, and led 
hym to the gibbette. IT The second knyght, that was the trew frend. 
If By this second frend we shuld vndirstond the appostels and 
martirs, that for goddes lore suffred the dethe ; IT wherfore ciist seit^ 
to his disciples, IT "May ye drynk* of the chalice of pays) and 
passiou) that I shatt drynk*1 " thei seid, " ye, yf we mowe." IT The 
third man, that said, " in trouthe I slow the man," is every synner, 
that oweth to be a-know the trouthe in confession). So that the 
Innocent be not slayn) that is the soule and yf he thus be a-know 
the trouth he shaH have everlastyng loye. 

^ fonghtene ij. foughtene, MS. 



(how a prophboy was fulfillbd.) 

DOlfinua was an Emperowr in the citee of Eome; Je which 
hadde a faire dowter, whom he moche lovicJ. so in) a cer- 
teyn daye, as he rode by a forest to hunte, he was awsunderid? 
fro aH his men), and hadde vtterly loste hem) ; an(J f eref oi* withe a 
grete hevinesse he Eode by him selfe. So he ^Roode by a certen) 
place, & he cnockici at the yate ; and a noon) f e lorde of the place 
openydl pe yate, and askid the cause of his cnockinga and he 
seide, " it is nyght, and f erefoi' I praye the, for the love of god, 
that* I may be loggid her* al nyght ; " — ^bnt he tolde him not fat 
he was Emperoure. J)enne seide that othir, " I am forests of the 
Emperoures in this forest, and I bei* the cure f ereof. I graunt J»e 
harborow, & venison) y-now hei* of this forest." The Emperoure was 
glad, & honestly he was resseyvid. The foresters wyf was in chylde* 
bed, and shnlde that same nyght brynge a childe in to the worlde. 
whenne the Emperoure satte at soper, f e forster honestly seruid him * 
■ leaf 185, col. 1. ' and^ that, MS. 

[Second Version. Addit MS. 9066, hqf 40, back.] 

[ XXIX. ] 

DOlphynus reigned in Rome, that had but oo doaghtir, that was 
right faire, and of her Fadir mekeH loved, whan he went ones 
to hunte, a chaunce fille, that he was departed fro his folke, that 
vtterly he wist not where ne to what place to ride ; but he was mekeli 
desolate, bicause he had lost his meyne, and rode aboute^ alone. 
IT And whan he had ridden) ati day, and nyght come, he sawe before 
hym an house, to the whiche he rode a grete pace, and whan he 
come to the yate, he knokked. anon) as the lord of the house herd 
the knokkyng, he vndid the yate, and asked* whi he knokked? 
he seid, *'it is nyght, as ye se, and therfore I aske harbrow, for 
goddes love." and was not a-know that he was Emperour. IF The 
other ^ said, "Frende, I am the Emperours Forster, that dwelle here, 
and have the kepyng of this Forest, and therfore I graunte the 
harbrow, and I shaft yeve the to* ete of the venyson) of this Forest." 
^The Emperour herd that, and was glad, and entred, and was worship- 
fully resceived. IF The Forsters wyf was grete witfi child, and nere 
the tyme to have^ child, whan the Emperour was sette to souper, 

' Om. * asked him. ' tother. * for to. ' leaf 41. * haue a. 


bnfc he knew not ^at^ he was Emperoure, & his lorde, an($ the £m- 
perour dude as hit hadde not ben he. Andl whenne pe soper was 
I-don), the Emperoure jede to bedde, & slept. And as he was in his 
slepe, he harde a yoyse sey thris, '* tak ! tak ! tak ! " and withe that 
the Emperoure a-woke, & marvailecl what that shulde by-meene, tak ! 
takl tak! — "for what shulde I take]" quod he. and he slepte 
a-yene, and he harde a voyse* sey thris, ** ^eld ! 3eld I Jeld ! " w?t/i 
that he awoke, and marvailid moi' than) enye mau) may trowe ; Ss 
hevy he was, and thoujte what that shulde be. "for first," quod 
he, " take, and not I toke ; & now yelde, & what shalle I yelde ) I 
wot not." he slepte a-yene, and a yoyse come, & saide, " fle ! fle 1 
fle 1 for this nyte in this hoyse a childe is borne, that shalle be Em- 
peroui^ aftir thi dissesse." whenne pe Emperour a-woke, he was not 
litle meyid in herte ; and ther foi' whenne morow come, he Ros, and 
callid to him the f orstar, and saide, " Dei^ f rend, I pray the telle me 
sothe, yf thow canne telle yf eny childe wei' I-box* in this house ]>i8 
ny3t ) god saye hit ! " ])enne the Emperoure badde, that the childe 

' JMit that^ MS. ' yeyse, MS. 

[Second Verdon. Addit, MS. 9066.] 

the Forster served hym worshipfully, and yit he wist not Hhat it^ 
was his lord the Emp«n)ur ; If And the Emperour f ayned, and wold 
no thyng shew hym of his persone. whan the soup^ was done, a 
bedde was araied. the Emperour went thei'to, and be-gan to slepe ; 
and whan he was in his first slepe, he herd a yoice seiyng ^thries 
thise^ wordes, " Take ! take ! take ! " and he waked of his slepe, 
and meryailed, and said with in hym self*, "what may this be) 
take I take ! take 1 what sh^ I take ) " and sone afbir he fille on 
slepe, IF and herd another* yoice saiyng thries thiae* wordes, " yeld ! 
yeld 1 yeld ! " IT he waked of his slepe, and gretly was heyyed ; and 
seid with ia hym self*, " what may this be 1 IT First I herd thries, 
take ! and not I toke ; and now thries, yeld I " and efte sones he 
slept, and herd thries thise wordes, " fle ! fie ! fle ! for this nyght is 
bom) a child, that aftir thi disease shaH be Emperour." f The 
Emperour, whan he herd this, and was*^ wakened of his slepe, he 
was astonyed in hym self*, he arrose^ erly, and called the forster 
to hym, and said, " Freude, I pray the, telle me yf thou 'know yf^ 
any child were bom) tbisnyghtT* he said, "ye, sir, my wyf had 
a child this nyght." The Emperour seid, "shew me the® child." 

> he. • theft iij. 'a, * thes iij. * Ook 

* rose. ^ knowyst. "this. 


shulde be browte afoi' him, and that he my^te se hit. And whezme 
hit was afoi' him, the Emp^roure lokid welle in his fisu^, and toke 
goode hede to a ce[r]teyn) marke that was in his visage ; and ])enne 
he saide to the foistei', '^ Dere frende, knowist thow not me, what I 
ami" "No, sir, no thing, for I saw yow neo^ or nowe, but J»ou 
semist a gentilman)." " I am," quod he, " f e Emperoui', thi ^lorde, 
whom thow hast harborowyd ; and I thonk the muche for thi goode 
chei'." ])enne ^e forster fel downe to his fete, and askid m^cy, yf 
fat he had owte ofifendid him. " I^ay," quod he, " drede the noute ; 
but I wolle have this childe, that thi wyf hathe browte forthe this 
i^yg^^9 ^ norisshe in my palys ; and fereioi^ to-morow a-bowte this 
tyme, I wolle sende messagers for him." thenne saide the forster, 
" sir, my lord, )>at is not semynge, pai swiche a worthi lorde have the 
childe of swiche a symple sarvaunt as I am, for to norysshe. I^a])eles 
hit shali be don) as thow wolt have hit ; and whenne the messagers 
comythe, I shal take the childe to hem." The Emperour Bode home 
to his palis ; & he callid his saryat^ntfi^, and seide to hem, ^' gothe 
swyftly in to the forest^ to the house of the forstei', for per I was 

> leaf 185, ool. 2. 

[Second Versim. Addit. MS. 9066.] 

[And so he dyd. The Emperour^] whan he had seen the child, he 
saw a token) in the childes face, and seid to the Forster, " knowest 
thou what I am 1 " " nay, sir, for I saw the never before this tyme, 
that I wote of ^ ; but thou semest a gentileman." IT he said, " I am 
the Emparour, thi lord, that thou hast this nyghte hosteled, for the 
whiche I thanke the." IF The Forster herd this, and fille at ^ his 
fete, and asked mercy, yf he had in any thyng offended hym. The 
Emperour said, " drede the not, but thi sone, pat thi wyf brought 
forthe this nyght, I wiUe^ have hym^ to norissh; and to-morow,^ at 
this houre, I shaH send messangers for the child." IF The Forster 
said " a ! sir, it is not semly, that suche a lord shuld noris^ the 
child ^ of his seruaunt never the lesse, lord, your wille be fulfilled ; 
and whan the messangers come, I shaH take to hem the child." 
IT whan this was seid, the Emperour rode to his paleys. and whan 
he come^ to his paleys, he called his seruauntes, and said ^to ^hem,^^ 
IT Gothe fast to the f orest,^^ in the whiche my forster dwelleth, in 

* Supplied from 0. ■ Om. * down at. * wole. • Om, 
* to-morne. ^ sone, ' oome home. ' Leaf 41, back. '^ Om, 

** hoos. 


loggid al njght ; and takithe of him the lifcle Infaunt, that his wyf 
this nyght chjlded. And I charge yow, vp peyne of dethe, that ye 
sle hit by the way, and caste his body to the houndes, and biyngit& 
his herte to me ; and bat ye do thus, I-wis ye shulle be dede, vf that 
ye abyde in my Empiie." Sone thei tooke thei wey towaid the 
forster, and yer thei Eesseynid the childe ; and wh[e]nne thei wei' 
in the wey comyng homeward, thei^ seide to hem selve, "sirs, it is 
tyme nowe [to] fulfiUe the wille of oure lorde, bcU. to slee this 
childe, for we hefe now nye home." ])ei toke that childe, & wolde 
have kyllid hit ; bnt thenne on) of hem), beholding the gracious f ase 
of the childe, he was mevid by mercy, and saide, " A ! dei' felawes, 
hit wei' grete synne & perel to ys, yf that we slowe this childe, ])at 
is an Innocent ; and )>drefore I shalle teche yowe a goode counseili. 
hei' by Eynnithe smale litle hogges; late vs slee on) of hem, 
and bei' his herte to the Emparoure, oure lorde, & we shulle seye 
that it is }>e harte of ))e childe." " ]pat is a gode counseiH," quod 
thei, "but telle ys thenne what we shuH do withe the childe.'* 
)}enne aunswerde he, "we shulle lappe him wel^ in clothis, and 
> the, MS. ' leaf 186, back, ooL 1. 

[Second Version, Addit M8, 9066.] 

whos house this nyght I laye ; and taketH^ his sone, that^ his wyfi 
this nyght had, and slee hym* by the way, vpon* payn) of dethe, 
and cast his body to houndes, and brynge with you his hert ; If and 
but yf ye do this, I shait condempne^ you to the most foule^ dethe." 
thei seid, " sir, your wille shi^ be done." If Anon) thei wenten) to 
the Forsters house, and token) the child of hym, and ledde it with 
hem. IT And said,^ whan thei were passed, betwixe hem, "it is 
tyme that we f ulfiile the Emparours biddyng, for to sle the child, 
by cause we are nere the paleys." IT Thei toke the child, and wold 
slee it. one of the messangers, whan he had seen the childes face, 
was^ stered with pite ; and said to his felawes, " I frendes, hereth^ 
my counsaile, and ye shuH not for-thynke it. we BhaB. falle in grete 
synne ayenst^^ god, yf we slee this Innocent. If here 'are my^^ pigges ; 
slee we one of ^the pigges,^^ and the hert of it ^bere we^ wi& vs to the 
Emparour, and we shaii sey, it is the hert of the lyteH child ; and 
lette YS not shede the blood of the child." thei seid, "this is a 
good counsaile. If But sey ys, what we shi^ do with the child 1 " 

' take. ' the which. ' the child. * on. * oomaunde. 

* foulest. ^ thei Beyden. ' he was. ' here. '^ agayns. 

" ben maoy. '* hem. " we shalle bere. 

0E8TA. 14 


putte him in an holow tree, and leve him per ; and god shali ordeyne 
for him wel I-now." Whenne the childe was lappid in clothLs, ^y 
putte him in the hole in a tree, and lete him lye ; and thenne thei 
yede, and slowhe a yonge pigge, and drow oute his herte, and browte 
hit home to the Emperoure ; and come to him) per withe as he was 
at pe mete. And when) the Emp^rour saw hem, he saide, ** have ye 
fulfillid my comaundment ) " "ye, lorde," quod they; "& this is^ 
to token) ; " & shewid the hart of the pigge. ])enne the Emperour, 
trowing that it wei' the herte of the childe, he caste hit into the fii-', 
& saide, " lo ! whei^ the harte is of him that shulde have Eegnid 
af til me ; and swiche be]>e dremis ! " in that o]>ere day, aftir pat 
the childe was putte in to the tree, an Erie come Bidinge by the 
forest ; and as his houndis Ronne aftir an hynde, & come by the 
tree where as the chylde was, ]>ei felt a savoui^ of the childe ; and 
per they stynte, & wolle Rinne no £oTfer, in so muche that the kny3t 
hadde pereoi grete ma?nrayle & Gret wonder ; and smote the hors 
withe sporis, & lokid into the tree, and fere he sawe lie a faire 

> thifiy, MS. 

[Second VeraiorL Addit MS. 9066.] 

he said, "lappe^ it in^ clothes, and put it in some tree that is holow, 
and there we shuH leve it.' and god, that no man may desceive, 
happely shalle delyner the child fro dethe, and save it." thei did 
aftir his counsaile. the child was lapped in clothes, and was^ putte 
in a hole of a tree. Than thei sloweu) the^ pigge> and drew out the 
hart, and bare it wit£ hem to the Emp&rour ; and found hym at^ 
mete, IT The Emperour said *to hem,^ "have ye fulfilled my 
biddyng 1 " thei seid, " yee, sir, we have slayn) the child, and here 
is his hert." and shewed hym the piggeff hert. and he leved it was 
the hert of the child, and anon) ^cast the hert® into the fire, IF Seiyng, 
" se the hert of hym fat shuld reigne aftir me ! Behold," he said, 
" what dremes ar, nought but vanyte and vayn) ! " IF The second 
day aftir fat* the child was put in the tree, an Erie went to hunte 
in that^^ same forest, whan the houndes ranne aftir an hynd, thei 
come by the tree in the which the child was, 'and feled^^ the savour 
of the child, and wold no ferther rynne. IF The Erie sawe that, and 
mervailed gretly.^^ he smote the horse with the sporres, and come 
to the tree, and^^ loked "in atte^* hole, and founde the childe; and 

* Eepe. • in the. • hym. * Om. 'a. 'at the. 
"* Om, 'he cast it. • Om. '• the. " thei felted. *» Om. 

" he. '^ leaf 42. *• at the. 


Sonne, of whom) he was hiliche gladde in his herte. & toke him) vp 
in his armes & bare him home to his castelle ; anc) saide to the 
countesse, his wyfe, " loo ! dame, I have goode tithinges to teUe the. 
\)OTOW chavnse I have fonnde a faire childe in a forest, & ])ow haddist 
neuer childe ; feyne f e now as thowe pon were withe childe, and 
thenne thowe shalt seje, that thow hast browte forthe a childe^" 
" Ser," quo<J she, " I assent." so withe in shorte tyme tiding was 
oner aH ))e contree, that the countes hadde a childe ; and ]>erefoi' was 
grete loye makyd. the childe thtofe, & wel was lovid of al men). 
})er fille a cas withe in xiiij.** yei* af tirwarde ; the Emperowr made a 
generaH feste, to the whiche ])e Erie was I-bede in speciaH. & when 
he come, he browte the chylde wit[h] him, the whiche was at that 
tyme a faire yonge squier^ ; and at mete he semid the Erie, and 
gentilmanly stode afore him. J)e Emperour by-helde this yonge man), 
and perseyvid the token) in his fronte, that he sawe in the house of 
the forster ; and thenne wit^ a grete mevinge in herte he saide to 
the Erie, " sir, whos sone is this, that stondithe a-foi* the 1 " ** sir," 
^he saide, "it is my sone." "Tel me sojje," quod the Emperof^r, 

> leaf 185, back, ooL 2. 

[Second Version. Addit M8, 9066.] 

was right glad, and^ toke it in his armes, and ledde it to his CasteH, 
and said to the countesse, his wyf, ^ "I shall telle you good 
tydynges.^ I have foundeii) to-day' merveillously a faire child, in 
an hole of a tree ; and^ I gate never yit^ a childe, ne^ thou never 
conseived none. Fayne the therfore grete with childe, and sey, that 
thou bare the^ childe." **Sir," she said, "thi wille shaH be ful- 
filled."® IT Wherfore comon) voice was in* the countre, that the 
Countesse had brought fortbe a faire child ; wherfore there was grete 
ioye. IF The child wezed,^^ and loved was of i^, and namly of the 
Erie and of the countesse. IF whan zvj. yeare was passed, ^it fille 
that ^^ the Emperour made a grete fest, to the whiche the Erie was 
called, and come atte ^^ day to the fest, and ledde the child 'with 
hym^^ ; the whiche was that tyme a faire Squyer, and stode atte^* 
horde before the Erie, 'and served hym^* curtesly. % The Empcroure 
loked enterly on the childe, and sawe in his forhede the token) that 
he sawe in the Forsters house ; wherfore he was anon) stered in hym 
self, and said to the Erie, " Whos sone is this ] " he said, " sir, it is 

* he. " thyngefl. * Om, ' Om. * Om. • nor. 
^ this. • done. • in alle. '* wax. ^^ Om, " at the. 

'» Om. •* at the. '* Om, 


" by the feythe thow owist to me." Jjenne f e Erie saw that he 
myght not escape hit, he tolde how that he mette withe the childe in 
a tree. And whenne [the] Emperoure harde that, he calli<) his 
Beryauntis to him, in a grete woodnesse, — pQ which sarvaunte^ he 
had sent afoi', for to kiUe ]^at child. And they come a-fore him ; 
and whenne they wei' I-come, the Emperoure made hem to swei* 
what thei dud with the childe ; and thenne they seyde, '' loide, we 
put vs in yonre grace, for sothely very pitee mevid vs to save him, hi 
cause that he was an Innocent ; and so we slowe a pigge, and biowte 
the herte per of a-foi' yowe/' whenne the Emperoure knew the 
bare sothe, he saide to the Erie, " sir erle, this yonge man) shalle 
abide hei* at home withe me." " Sir," quod the Erie, " hit shalle be 
at youre owne wiUe." And whenne the grete fest ^vas Endid, ]>e 
childe a-bode stille wiiJi the Emperor^r. And in al this tyme the 
Emparesse dwellid wtt^ hir dowt^, a grete weye from) thens. In a 
day ))is Emperoure clepid to him this yonge man), and seide to him, 
*' thow most bei' my letteris to swich a castett, to the lady my 
empreese." " Sir," quod he, " I am Redy to obeye vnto youre wille 

[Second Version. Addit. MS. 9066.] 

my sone." IT The Emperour said, "by the faithe that thou hast 
made to me, telle me the trouthe." The Erie sawe he myght not 
scape, and told hym all how he found the child in a hole of a tree. 
IT whan the Emperour herd this, he called his servauntis, as he had 
ben) wode, the whiche he sent to sle the child ; and thei come before 
hym. If Than^ the Emperour consti-ayned hem by an othe, that 
thei shuld sey the trouthe, what thei diddeh) with the child. Thei 
said, " sir, we put vs in your grace, for pite stored vs that we shuld 
not sle the Innocente, but put hym in an hole of a tree, what iille 
of hym afterward Ve wote not,* but we slow a pigge in the* stede 
of a* child, and yaf * to you the hert." IT whan the Empcrour had 
herd the trouthe, prively he said to the Erie, " Trend, this child 
flhati abide with me." "Sir," he said, "thi« wille bp fulfilled." 
and whan the fest was done, all the gestes went home, and the child 
left with the Emparour alone, and that tyme the ^Emperesse with 
her^ doughtir was in ferre countre.® If The Empcrour cdled to hym 
the child, and said to hym, " Frend, thou must go to the Empresse 
with my lettres." he said, "sir, I am redy for to obeye to^ youi* 

' Om. • kan we not telle. • Om, * the. * toke. 
• your. ^ Bmperours. • oontre*. • to go at. 


in al poyntdff.'' scone the Emp^rouie made letteres, to sent) to the 
Emperesse, in the whiche lett^'es he chaigid hir, yndii a grete 
peyne, that she shulde, affter that she hadde sen) the lett&res, make 
that yong* childe to be drawe witA hors, and aftir to be hongid in 
the lebet. he yaf the letters to the yonge childe, & badde him 
spede him welle by the weye, that he wei' thei'. And the child toke 
the letters, & made him Eedy, & yede. And whenne he hadde 
labourid^ iij. or ii^j. dayes, hit happid that he tiavaylid late in a 
nyght ; and he come to the castelle of a kny3t, and ))ere he askid 
herborowe, <& the kni3t grauntid him. whenne the childe was coume 
in to the halle, for gret werynesse he felle on) slepe on) the benche ; 
and whenne the kny3t saw him slepe, he lokid a-bowte him, & sawe 
a boze be-hynde him ; and thenne he openid hit, & sawe J^erein 
letters selid withe the sinet of ]>e Emperonre. And he was hilie 
temptid in herte for to loke the tenoui^ of the letteris, and dude hit 
Botelye in dede ; and whenne [he] had Eedde \q le^^eres, he fond 
how that hit was comaundid, in 'peyne of shamefoUe de])e, ^at the 
Emperesse shulde putte that childe ynto the dethe. and thenne he 

> labOTuridtf, Ma ' leaf 186, ool. 1. 

[Second Version, Addit. MS. 9066.] 

wille in aH thyng.** IT Anon) ^the Emperour did write lettres to 
the Empresse, that assone^ as she had seen the lettres, on payn) of 
dethe she shold draw the child atte' horse-taile^ and after that, hange 
hym on the galouse ; and but yf this were done, he shuld condempne 
her to the most foule^ dethe. IF And whan the lettres were made 
and sealed, he toke hem to the child, smd said, " spede^ the fast, 
that thou were there." the child toke the lettres, and put hem in a 
boxe, and wente his way a grete pace. IT And whan he had gone ij. 
daies or three, at even he come to a Casteti of a knyght, and asked 
hostett mekely of the knyght. he® sawe the child was semly, and 
graunted hym hosteH. IF The childe was wery, and laied hym 
downe anon) on a benche, 'and rested^ hym, and slept IT The 
knyght, whan he sawe the child slepe, he sawe behynd hym a boxe, 
the whiche he opened, and found the lettres of the Emperour, sealed 
with his seale ; wherfor he was gretly tempted for to open the lettres, 
and so he did full softly® ; IF And whan b© had redde the lettres, he 
found that the Empresse, on payn) of dethe, shuld put the chUd to 

< leaf 42, back. ' also sone. ' at the. ^ foulest. 
• Syr, spede. • The knyght ' to rest. • iot«lIy. 


sorowed in his herte, And saide, " this is a grete synne to hem, to sle 
swiche a faire .childe. Nay," quodi he, " this may not be, for shame." 
an(J pereioi^ he wrote oJjct* letterea, in thes wordes, " Dame, I charge 
the, in peyne of dethe, J»at f ou yeve owi' dowtcr to this childe, and 
lete him wedde hir as sone as he corny the, witheout leng&r delaye ; 
and what tyme that the solempnite of the matrimony e is made, 
holdithe him wit^ yow, & dothe him almanar worshipe ; and late 
him holde my stede, til I come to yow." whenne this was wretin), 
the kDy3t with his sotilte selid hit withe the same sele, & put hit 
into the box. Soone aftir the childe awoke, & the kny3t made him 
al the solase and comforte that he coude make, & lete him goo. 
And in the thirdde day aftir, he come to the Emperesse, & Salvid 
hir wor8hi[p] fully ^ in the name of the Emperoure ; & yafe to hir the 
lett^res. whenne the Emperesse had Eedde the lettereSy She sente 
abovte messageris, for to calle to the bridale of hir dowter alle maner 
peple, moi' & lesse. & whenne the day was I-come, the yonge man) 
weddid the damseH, & heilde the stede of the Emp^oure wel and 

* worehifully, MS. 

[Second Version, Addit MS. 9066.] 

dethe. the knyght made sorow,^ and seid with in hym self", " Alias ! 
this were a grete synne, to do so semly a child to the dethe ! it 
shaH not be so." and^ anon) he did away the scripture, and wrote 
the lettre in thise wordes, IF " On payu) of dethe I bid the, that thou 
take the child, and resceive hym that bryngeth the lettres, and anon) 
with out delaye yeve our doughtir to hym, to be* his wyf, with 
grete solempnyte ; and whan the weddyng is done, have hym in 
worshippe, as our sone, in all maner, and that he kepe my place, 
vnto I come to you." If And whan he h&{\ ^done thus,* fuH softly^ 
he closed^ the lettres,^ and put it in the boxe agayn). IT Sone aftir 
this, the® child waked,® and^® the knyght 'that nyght^^ made hym 
grete chere. and the fourthe day aft^ he come to the Empresse 
M'ith the lettres ; and whan she had redde the lettres, IF anon) she 
sent out ^he messangers ^^ in euery partie, for 'to pray ^* grete and 
smale, that thei shuld be redy at a^* certayn) day, to be at weddyng 
of her doughtir. and so it was done. IF whan the day was come of 
the weddyng, the child wedded the doughtir of the Emperour witfi 
grete solempnyte, and held the place of the Emperour, as the lettre 

' a grete sorow. • Om, * Om, * wryten thes. • sotely. 
• selyd. ^ lettre. • Om, » wakenyd. "» Om, " Om, 

'* a messangere. " Om, '* Om 


wisl y, that he wa& hilicbe lovicJ, ancJ worshipid of al maner of peple. 
Aftirwarde the Emperoure shulde come to the lady the Emperesse ; 
a :df the lady come withe alle hir meyne, and mette him as hir owte 
to doo. & whenne the Emperoure sawe the Emperesse come, and 
lad as a lady shulde be vriih {e arme of the childe, he wonderid, 
and wext wrothe ; and saide to hii^, " thow wickid woman), whi 
haste thow not do my precepte 1 })ow shalte dye therfoi*." " sothely," 
quod [sjhe, " alle \ai ))owe badde me doo, is now fulfiUid in dede." 
" I sey thowe lyes in thin hede," quod he ; " for I chargeid the, that 
]>ou sholdest do that boye to an orible dethe." '' A I sir, save youre 
Reuerens, ye wrote to me, that I sholde yeve him youi^ doutcr, vp 
peyne of dethe ; and loo ! hei* is your' le^^." whenne the Emperowr 
hadde sene the^ lett^ris, and sawe wretyn) Eight as ])e Emperes saide, 
he mervailid, & saide, " but whe})cr, bathe he weddid my dowter, or 
not" "yis,"quod she, "and *})at witA grete solempnite; and I 
trow that youre dowt^ be wi'tA childe.'' and J^enne saide he, " ! 
lord god, it is a lewde thinge for to stonde ayenst the, or thin 

* yo«r, MS. ' leaf 186, ool. 2. 

[Second Version. Addit. MS. 9066.] 

wold, and the child bare^ hym right wisely in a& thyng, and he 
was moche loved and worshipped of aR the peple. IT It f elle ^ ^sone 
aftir,' that the Emperour come to countre.^ whan the Empresse 
herd that, anon) she went agayn) the Emp^rour, witll her doughtirs 
husbond, and with other multitude of peple. IT whan the Emperour 
sawe the child lede the Empresse, he was stered in hym self, and 
seid, ^"01 thou wikked woman, whi hast thou not fulfilled my 
biddyng 1 thou shalt be dede." f " Sir," she said, " f orsothe I 
have fulfilled 'all that ye bade me."^ he said, " thou liest. I wrote 
to the lettres, that thou shuldest put hym to ^a piteous^ dethe." 
She said, " sir, save youre ^grace and^ reu^rence, ye wrote to me that 
I shuld yeve your doughtir to hym, to be his wyf", and that ye bad, 
vpon® payn) of dethe. Se youre lettres." If The Emp^rour, whan 
he 'had redde^ the lettres, 'and had founde^^ as the Empresse said, 
he mervailed, and said, "hast thou yeven our doughtir to his ^^ wyfl" 
She said, "ye, sir, a goode while a-go, Vit& moche solempnyte^^; 
and, as I trow, youre doughtir is wit^ child." U Than said the 
Emperour, " I lord Ihesu, it is a grete folye to ^an to wynce^* 

* bad. * leaf 43. • on a tyme. * the cuntre. . * your wylle. 

• the asperitoua. ^ Om. * on. • rad. '• he fond it, 

" hym to. " Om. " wyrche. 


ordinaunce ! " And thenne he saide, ** Fiat voluntas tua, loide, thi 
wille be fulfillicil" and the Emperoure kiste him; & aftir his 
dicesse, he was made Emperonie, and Daire he Endid his lyfe. 


DEie Frendis, ]>is Emperouie may wel be callid herod, or a 
synncr that walkith by hiw selfe, 8ct7. witAoute ony vertu, til 
tyme that he come to the house of the Forster, bcU. of 
holy chirche, )ye whiche is the house of god. Now )ye Emperoure 
wolde have slayne the chylde, Bcil, heioude wolde have slayne 
Criste, ])at tyme that he spirid of the kynges of Criste, feynyng that 
he wolde have come, & have I-worshipid him. ]?e forst^r was losep, 
that kepte him. but whenne the messager come, sa'Z. ]>e iij. kynges, 
])ei slowe bim not, but wi't^ bowinge knees ]>ey worshipid him, & 
lefte him in) the tree of his godhede to be kepte \ but thenne aftir 
come an Erie, wil, the holye gost, & he bai' a-wey the childe, bcU, 
whenne he wamid losepe to flee in to Egipte. 

[Seamd Version. AddiL MS. 9066.] 

agayn) thi wille. ^Therfor sithen)^ it is so, thi wills be done ! " and 
kissed the child ; and aftir his dissease the child was made Emperour, 
and wisely governed hym, and ended his lyf in pease. 

If Declaracio. Frendes, this Emperour may be said herode, tne 
kyng, or els a synner, that gothe alone, that is with out vertu tille 
he come to the house of the Forster, that is, holy chirche, whiche is 
the house of god. and herode wold have slayn) the child Ihesu, and 
sent messangers forto seke the child, after that he had spered of the 
kynges, seiyng falsely, that I may come and worshippc hym in the 
forest. If The forster^ was loseph, that was keper of marie, but 
whan the messangers come, that were the kynges, thei slow not the 
child, but kneled to hym, and worshipped hym ; and in the tree of 
divynyte thei left hym. H But whan the Erie come, that is, the 
holy gost, he toke the child, whan loseph was monysshed and 
bidden) by the aungeH, that he shuld flee into Egipte. or els it may 
be reduced on a nother maner. IT By this Emperour I vndirstond 

■ and therfor syn. ' forest, MS. 



By the Emperoure I vndirstonde a synner, that gofe in the 
forest of this worlde, seching vanitees, til tyme be that he 
come to holy chirche, wher that he is goodly recevid by the 
prelat, jf that he woUe stonde to the maandemente^ of holy chirche. 
But manye of vs slepithe in holy chirche, as ofte as we dothe not the 
vij. [werkes] of nwrcy ; but fey drede, as Je Empcrowr dude, for the 
voys that he harde j of the whiche voys hooly scrypture spekithe 
thus, Accipe/ Acctpef '^Accipe^/ Take ! take ! take ! by the first 
take yndirstondith fe benefete^ of god, bcU. whenne he yaf the a 
soule made to his owne likenesse j by the Secounde take vndirstonde 
grace of withestondynge of noynge fynges j & by the ig. tak yndir- 
stonde ]>e sonne of god, that dide for the on) cros. Also holy 
scripture seithe, Beddel Eedde/ Reddel ])is is to seye, yeld the 1 
yeld the ! yelde the ! by the first yelde ])ow most yndirstonde to 
yelde thi dette, bciL a clene soule, as god yaf hit to the, aftir 
wasshynge of the baptime; by the secounde yelde yndirstond 
yeldyng of contrucion), confession), & satisfaccibn) ; by the thirde 
yelde yndirstonde yeldyng eudre a clene soule to god, withe al thi^ 
power*. Also hooly scripture seithe, Fuge ! Fuge ! Fuge / ])is is to 
' leaf 186, back, ool. 1. * accipite, MS. * this, MS. 

[Second Version, Addit. MS, 9066.] 

a synfuH man, that walket^i in the Forest of this world sekyng 
vanytees, tille he come to the house of holy chirche, wher he is 
resceived benyngnely of the prelate, yf he wille stand to the biddyng 
of holy chirche. but many in goddes chirche slepen), as ofte as thei 
purchace not good werkes ; ^ And therfore thei owe to drede, for the 
voices that were herd ; of the whiche speketfi holy writte, saiyng 
thries,^ Take ! If By the first take thou shalt vndirstond the benefice 
of Kod, that is, whan god toke to the a soule made to his likenesse. 
IT By the second take thou shalt vndirstond the Sone of the Fadir 
almyghty, that was bom) of marie the virgyn). H By the third take 
thou shalt vndirstond the same Sone of god, that he died for the on 
the crosse. IT And by the first yeld thou shalt vndirstond, that 
thou yeld thi dette to god, that is, thi soule, as clene as thou toke it 
of hym aftir thy baptyme. H By the second yeld thou shalt vndir- 
stond, that we owe to yeld to god every day worshippe and love. 
If By the third yeld ye shuH vndirstond, that we owe to yeld to 

' leaf 48, back. * Eyng, MS. 


Bey, fle ! fle ! fle ! by the furst fle we mot vndirstonde to flee the 
worlde, for alle is sette in wickidnesse ; by the secounde flee we mot 
vndirstonde to fle al synnys, for drede of peyne, & for presaunce of 
god? ; by the third fle vndirstonde euer to flee & eschew peyne, ))at 
we owe to have, & to do meritorye werkis. The first voyse shaH be 
in the day of dome ; for hit shalle be saide to the, " I yeve to the 
day, for to wake ynne ; an^ I yeve to the nyght, for to Reste the 
in." The yer))e shaH sey a-yenest fe synneres, " I bei* J?e ; I norisshe 
the ; I fede the j I clo))e the ; I gladde the ; an(J withe diue7"se kynde 
of bostes I fille thi borde." The water shalle seye ayenste him, " I 
clanse alle \>i fllj^Ls ; I brynge for])e diuerse kynde of Fishis for thi 
siiste.ntaciouh)." The ayi* shalle speke, & saye, " I yeve to the thi 
lyfe ; and send to .the the blaster j and diuerse kyndis of bridde^ 
to thi nede.*' And thus shalle the voyse thretin) him, & Eepreve 
him. And the worlde shalle seye, " lo 1 howe he lovid the, that 
made me for the, & not for the but^ for him solfe ; take benignite, 
yeld charite." The fyr shalle seye, " Of me J?ou haddist grete solace 
& helpe ; and but fow servy wel thi maker, of me J?ou shalt bo 
brent." .Water shal seye, " I yaf to the drynke, and Refressheynge 

» bevte, MS. 

m - - - - .. 

[Seco7id Version, Addit MS. 9066.] 

hym contricioii) and satisfacciori). IT By the first fle thou shalt 
vndirstondf the payii) that we owe to fle and ascape, by meritorie 
worker, the first voice agayn) the synner, in the day of dome, is 
heveij), that seith, " I yeve the lyf, and light o day, that thou wake, 
derknesse of nyght, forto rest ; I chaunge to the tymes, to do away 
the variynges " IT The erthe seith agayn) the synner, " I here the, I 
norissh the, I fede the ; I glade the with wyne, and I fulfille thi 
bord? with dyuerse bestes and foules." If The watir saith agayn) the 
synner, " I yeve the drynk*, I wassh away thi filthe, and I mynystre 
to the dyue/'so manor of fisshes to thi vse." IT The ayer saith agayn) 
the synner, " I yeve the lyvely brethe, and norissh to the afl maner 
of foules and briddes, for to serve the." If And the voice of 
monysshyng is this, whan the world seith, " Se, man, how he^ loved 
the, that for the made me, and I serv^e the, for I am made for the, 
that thou shuldest serve hym that made the, and me not for the, but 
for hym ; take the benygnyte, and yeld charite." IT The voice of 
the thretyng is, whan fire seitli, ** thou hast take solace of me agayn 
cold, and mete thou hast resceived by me ; and but thou serve thi 

• I, MS. 


a-yenste thin hete ; and but J)ou serve wel fy creatui*, of me pou. 

shalte be draynte." AncJ belle sballe sey, "of me^ J)ow sbalt be 

swolowed." but the wrecche, when) he herithe aH thes voys in his 

herte, wolle^ ^not amende his lyf, & wol but, in al that he may, sle 

the childe, by costome of synfulle werkes. But the knyght, that 

openithe the lettcria, buthe they that writithe }>e vy. werkes of 

mercye to holy chirche, that the dowier, BciL J?e soule, y-wasshe by 

confession), be yeven) in matrimonye to the childe Criste, Je whiche 

he desirithe euermoi' to wedde j & so he leditfi [her to] the Empire^ 

of hevene, &c. 

* of me of me, MS. ' & wolle, MS. * leaf 186, back, col. 2. 

* Emp<^roure, MS. 

[Sec(md Version. Addit MS. 9066.] 

maker, I shaH brenne the." H The erthe seith, " thou hast take thi 
body of me, and wyne, and whete ; and but thou serve thi ninkor, of 
me thou sbalt be swepedf in." helle seith, " of me thou shalt be 
swolowecJ." But wrecchecJ man, though he here ofte sithes, yit he 
forgeteth his lyf, and wille sle the child Ihe*u [by] bodely synn), in 
that in hym is. H But the knyght, that opened? the lettres, *are the 
vij. werkes of mercy, the which turned to god to mercy, and written) 
vnto the Empresse, that is, oure modir holy chirch, that the doughtir, 
that is, the soule, wasshen) by confession), be gyuene^ in matrymonyo 
to Ih^^u crist, the child, that desired to wedtte her, and to lede her to 
the Empire of heven), to wonne* with hym there aye in blisse. Amen. 

' leaf 44. ' begynne, MS. ' to whom to wonne, MS. 

[ XLIX. ] 

(op ingratitudb, and how it was punished.) 

Damascenus was a wyse Emperoxu^ Reignyng in the cete of 
Romej J>e whiche ordeynid for a lawe, pat yf Eny man) 
deliuerid a virgine fro the honde of hir Eavisshei^, it shulde 
be in the wille of him that deliuerid hir for to wedde hir, yf hi??^ 
luste; ne she shulde not be weddid to noon) ofer man), withe 
outeh) grannte & assente of him that had takyn) hii' fro the houdes 
of the Kavisher. So hit felle in a tyme, that ther was a tiraunt 
namid Pompeius, & he hadde I-Eaveshid a virgine, and browte hir 
into a wilde forest ; and whenne he had synned wiiJi hii, he wolde 


have slayne hir. ther come Ridyng by the forest a geutil kny jt ; 
and whenne he harde the horible crie of a vomah), he smote the 
hors withe the sporis, & Bode to hii. And whenne he come, he 
sawe hir stond nakid, save hii smokke ; and thenne he askid of hir, 
"ert thow she that cridestT* "ye, sir," quod she, "for this man) 
Kaveshid me, and hathe taken) from) me my virginitee ; and now he 
wolde sle me, & he bathe thus nakid me, for to smyte of myn) hede ; 
and Jerefoi*, for the love of god, helpe me I pray yowe." thenne 
saide the teraunt, " sir, she lithe, for she is my wyfe, and I fonde 
hii' in bordeti withe arnofer man ; and fer for I wolde sle hir no we." 
]?enne saide the knyjt, " I trowe moi' to the woman) })anne to the, 
for I se opyii) signys in hir visage, that thow haste Eavishid hir, 
and Oppressid hir withe mastrie ; and Jerefoi* I^ ^ woUe Fite for hir." 
And so thei fo3te to gedir, and grevousely the! wei' I-woundid, but 
the kny3t had the victory, & that ofer fledde. And thenne the 
kny3t spake to the woman), " lo ! woman), what I have sufferid for 
the, and howe I have savid the; wolt thow now be my wyfel" 
" ye sir," quod shoe, " that I desire ouer alle thinge, and perto I yeve 
the my trewthe." ]?enne seide he, " her* be syde is my casteUe ; go 
thedir a-foi*, & a-bide per, wlule I go to my frendes & kynne, for to 
purvey for the bridal e to be made ; for I wolle make a grete fest, for 
oure worshipe and comfort." " sir," quod she, " I shalle do as ^w 
biddist." She yede to his castelle, and per she was worshipfulli 
Besseyvid ; and the knyjt Eode a-bowte to his frendes, for to make 
al thing redy perto. In the mene tyme pe tiraunt Pompeius come 
to the casteli, & prayde hir for to come, & speke withe him a worde 
at the yate ; and whenne she was comyn), he yaf hir so sotil wordes, 
& fair* biheste^, that she lete him in, & grauntid to be his wyf. 
Afterward the kny^t come home, & he fonde the yate of his casteU 
stoken. He cnockid, but vnnef e he myght have eny aunswei* ; and 
at the laste pe woman) come, and askid whi he cnockid so 1 And 
])enne he seide, "what! deer* love, whi makest J)OW hit nowe so 
straunge to me ? late me come in, I pray fe." " Naye for sothe," 
quod she, " fou shalte not come hei* Inne, for I have him withe me 
that I lovid furste, or I knew the." " DameseH, have mynde how 

' MS. and \>eretoT I and |>^efor I. * leaf 187, coL U 


thow yafe to me ' i feithe, for to be my wyfe, ancJ how that I saTid 
the fio dethe ; & yf ^on wolte not sette by thi feithe, loo I hei^ the 
woundes that I sufferid for the, and for tM love." A-noon) he caste 
of his dothis, and shewid to hir the woondis ; but she wolde not 
loke on) him, but shutte fast the doi', and wolde no moi' speke withe 
him. the knyjt seenge the wronge, he yede to ])e luge, and per he 
made a grete compleynte on) Pompeye pe tiraunt, & on) the woman). 
After that the compleynt was made, pe luge made hem bo])e to 
appei' a-foi' him ; and what tyme thci come afoi' him, ]>e kny^t seide 
to the luge, " My lord, I aske the benefice of [the law], ^ye wit wel 
that it is law, pat yf a man) deliuar enye virgyne fro the hondes of 
hir Ilav[i]8her, it is in the powei' of the deliuerer to have the woman 
to his wyf after; and, sir, I have hei^ deliuerid a woman) in the 
same case, and ^erefoi' me semithe that she shulde bo my wyf, yf 
that I wolde have hir. Also, sir, I chalange hir for a-noper Besoun) ; 
she ha]>e yeyin me hir feithe to be my wyf^ and vpon) that she 
Enteiid in to my casteti, and many Richesses & worshipis she had 
by me ; and I have Redyn) a-bowte, to purveye for oure mariage." 
Thenne saide the luge to Pompeye, ''Dei' frende, thow knowist 
welle that the kny3te deliuerid the woman) fronD ])i wickidnesse, & 
toke of the grete woundes for hir love ; and hei' by thow knowest 
wel that she is his wyf, yf he wolle have hir. And thenne aftir 
this saluacion), poii come to his yate, [and] withe thi faire flateringe 
deseyvedist hir ; and, sir, perefoi^ in this same daye I shalle se the 
honge in the lubet." & thanne seide pQ luge to the woman, 
''woman), thow knowist welle how that this man) savid the fro 
dethe, and toke the awey fro thi Eavisshei', and also thow yaf him 
feithe for to be his wyfe ; and so by double Eesone thow shuldest 
be his wyf, bcU. by the lawe, and eke by the feithe that thow 
madest to him. and now aftir this kyndnesse, pon hast eonsentid 
to the wille of thi Eavisher, and lete him entre in to the casteti of 
the kny3t; and ferefor* I deme the to be hongid pia same day in the 
lubet" And so it was I-do in dede ; and al men) hilie commeTtdid 
the luge, that yaf to hem so lust & so Eitfulle dome. 

> leaf 187, col. 2. 



DEre frendis, J?is Emperoure is the fadir of hevend ; the wiche 
ordeynid for a lawe, that yf eny virgine wei* ^EavishicJ by 
dedely synne, fenne he that deliuerid hir shulde wedde hir 
to wyve. The woman), that was Eavishid and ladde into the forest, 
is the soule of man), ]>e whiche was putte oute of Paradys by the 
synne of Adam, & browte into the forest of this worlde, whei* [sjhe 
livicJ in grete wrecchidnesse, and [was] deflowrid by the Eavissher, 
Bcil. the devil; and ])erefoi^ it is wreten, U lerew. iii. iu autem 
fomicata es cum ajnatoribua mtdtis, J?is is to seye, he seithe, "for 
so the thow hast do fornicacion) withe many lovers." And this 
Ravisher, the devil, deflo writhe not the soide only, by* lost of blisse, 
but also he wolde have slayne hir* in euerlastinge peyne. & ))enne 
she Glide with an hie voyse ; Bcil. the wrecchidnes and the perille of 
liit was herd vrith the kny3te Ihesu Crist, H or ellc* the crye was 
made what tyme that adam, oure first fadir, cride for Oyle of mercy, 
& whenne paMarkis and prophete* cride for Remedye, seinge, 0/ 
domino, visita nos, ! lorde, come and visite J?ou vs, fenne J)e kny^t, 
sci'Z. Ihe^u Criste, come don) fro hevene, & heilde bataille withe the 
Ravisher, Bcil. ])e devil ; and thenne they two foute to-geder, that 
eyf ere of hem was grevously woundid, scil, Crist in his fleshe, and 
the devil in his lordshipe ; and ferfore saithe Isaye, Fortis impegit 
m forteyn, et ambo conciderunty H J)is is to seye, A stronge delte or 
fel in vp on) an ofer strong, and bothe they fil doime to-gedir. 
Aftir this the woman), acil. the soule, tooke baptym), & bond hir 
per to Criste, whenne that she saide, Abrenuncio Sathane et ommbwA 
pomjns eiuSf I forsake the devil, and alle his pompys ; also whenne 
she seithe, Credo in deum. patrem ommpotentem, H I trowe or I 
beleve in god, fadir Almyti. Aftir that Criste ordeynid for hir 
brill ale, scil f e vij. Sacrament<« of holi chirch, of whiche he ordeynid 
a stronge castelle a-yenste the deville and al enmyes ; and ]>en) he 
badde the soule holde hir in the vertue of that castille, tylle tyme 
that he yede a-boute, to ordeyne for the bridale, bcU, crist, J?e 
dowtiest kny3t, ascendid vppe in to hevene in the day of ascencion), 
and ther he ordeynid for vs a dwelling place in euerlastynge 'ioye, 
that we myjte be with him, aftir the da ye of dome, in loye. But 
» leaf 187| back, col. 1. » lot, MS. * leaf 187, back, col. 2. 


in the mene tyme comytlie the Eavissher, sciL fe deveL & he wit/* 
his sotil cautellis & fEdshedes blindithe & disseyuithe ])e soule, anc) 
defoulithe hit by synne ; ancJ so lie Entrithe the castelle of )>in) herte. 
And ]7enne comithe to the yate the kny3t, acil. crist ; as the Gospelle 
makitbe mencion), H £cce sto ad hostium, ^ pitlso ; siqms appenierit 
michiy introiho ad eum, ^ cendbo ciaa. illOf this is to seye, loo ! I 
stonde at ]>e dore, & cnocke ; who so enere opyn) to me, I shalle 
enter to him, and I shalle suppe withe him. but whei' as the devil 
is, he may not entre, ne the wrecchid man wolle not opne to cryst, 
by doyng of penaunce ; and Crist seinge that, castithe of his clothis, 
and spoylithe Mm naked, & shewithe to the his woundes, that he 
sufferid for the, for to make a man to have mynde what he suffrid 
foi^ him. H for ther was on him noon) helthe, from the toppe of 
his hede vnto the sole of his fote; as seythe holye writ, 0/ vos 
omnes qui iransiiia p&t viam, attendiie et videte, si est dolor sicut 
dolor meus, This is to seye, 1 ye al that goje by the wey, 
herkenitbe & seithe, yf ther be eny sorowe as is my sorowe. And 
yit for al this, ]7e wrecchid man) wolle not converte him, but ligge 
stille in synne; and ]>6rfore swiche wolle be demed withe the 
Eavissher, Bcil» wi]) ]>e devil, to euerlastynge tnrment6». And 
^eref 01^ late vs opne the ja,tes of oure hertes, by meritoiye werkes, 
that Criste may entre into oure herte^, and ]>at we come to the 
blisse^ j^at neuer shali mysse. A^ quod nos pevducat &g, 

[L. ] 

(how a son who wished to kill his father was reproved.) 

CEsar was an Emp^roure Eeignynge in the citee of Eome, fe 
whiche weddid a faire semli damiselle ; fe whiche damiselle 
was the kyng6« dowt^r of sirie, and she browte forthe a faire 

* blesse, MS. 


[Second Version. Addit. MS. 9066, leaf 44.] 

[XXX. ] 

Esar in the Citee of Eome reigned, a fuH wise man, that toke^ 
a "faire maiden) 2 to wyf, the kynges donghtir of Sire, by the 
whiche he had a fulle faire childe. ^ The child, [whan he^] 

' tokens, MS. • right fayre mayde. ' Supplied from C. 

224 L. THE UNNATURAL SON REPBOVED. 8T0BT. HL. 7333^ & AD. 9066. 

Sonne. So wheii) this child was come to age, he awaytid ' and caste 
him, in alle that euere he myght, for the dethe of his fadir, in bo 
muche ^at the Emp^oure had grete manrayle, and come to the 
Emp^resse, and askid of hir, yf that eny man lay bi hir mo thanne 
he, Bcil. the 'Emperour him selfe. And when she harde thes woides, 
she was hevy in herte, by cause that he had suche suspecion) to hii ; 
& swoi'^ greto othis, that she was neuer comon) to no man) flesshelye, 
but wi't^ him aloone. And thenne spake he, ''Ne was not this 
yonge man getyn) by me 1 -" " yis, sir," quod she, " dowtithe hit 
not, for he is your lawefully bigeten) sone." Then) the Emperoui^ 
was amekid, and saide to his sonne, ^ Son," quod he, '' I am thi 
fadir, and I gate the into this worlde, and of me ]>ow come into this 
world, and by wey of gen^racion) fou shalt be myn) heyi*; and 
perfoi^ whi erte thowe a-bowte my dethe, that have' nonsshed the 
vp "With deynteys, and, p69* dieu, al that is myn) is thyn f leef, sons, 
thi wickid purpos, and sle me not, for yf ])ou do, it is a foule synne 
in the syght of god, and hit wolle be awreke." H }>e sone toke 
noon) hede to his woordes, but Eche day moi' ]>an) [other] he was 
abowte to kille his fadir. And wheii) the fadir saw that, he yede 
' leaf ISS, col. 1. * in hir swor^, MS. ' I have, MS. 

[Second Version. Addit MS. 9066.] 

was come to a^ lawfuH age, he made sleightes and wyles, how he 
myght put his Fadir to dethe. the fadir mervailed gretly^ of the 
sone, and went to the Empresse, and praied her to telle hym, whe]>6r 
he were his sone, and goten) of hym. If She herd this, and was 
gretly greved, that he asked suche a thyng of her. she afifermed 
with an othe, that she was never knowen) of none^ other man but of 
hym, and that he was his Fadir, and he is thi^ lawful! sonne. 
IT The Emperour herd this, and mekely spake to his sone, and said, 
" ! good sone, I am thi Fadir, that gate the, and [by me^] thou 
come into this world, by way of generacion), and thou shalt be myn) 
heire. why woldest thou sle me 1 and I have norisshed the, and 
an that is myn) is thyn).^ I pray the, cease the of thi^ wikkednesse, 
and sle me not, for yf ® thou do, it is to the a* grete synne afore 
god." If The sone toke [no^^] hede to his Fadirs saiyng, but fro day 
to day his malice encreased ; and strengthed hym ati: way to sle his 
fadir. ^ Whan the Fadir sawe this, he went into a deserte place, 

' Om. • grete. * Om. * Om. * Supplied from C. 
• thynd ifl myn^, MS. ^ this, ' and if. • (hn. '" Supplied from C, 


into deserte, & toke his sone withe him, and! a swerde ; and when 
he was ther, he saide to his sone, " sone, sle me hei'^ for hex' is a 
prery place, and pereioi^ it is welle the lesse synne, & lesse shame 
to the, ])anne yf hit wei' in an opyn) place." whenne the sone 
hard thes wordes, he cast a-wey the swerde from) him, & knelid 
Brdowne arfore him, and mekly askid mercy, for he saide that he 
had trespassid vnto him, — "& pere foi', fadir, dothe to me fro 
hennys for])eward as fe likithe." the fadir withe a grete gladnesse 
kiste him; and aftir him Begnid the sone, that mekly askid 


DEre frendes, pia Emp^roure is onte lorde IhesvL Crista j The 
sone is ech Cristin man; The Emperesse is holye chirche. 
But ofte tyme ])e sone, sa7. ])e Cristyn) man), is froward, & 
contrarye to the wille of god, for he oheythe not to lus comaunde- 
mentes. )9enne Criste askithe of holye chirche, wh.e^er he be his 
sone or no; and holy chirche seithe, ''Te, lord, for of me he 
Beseyvid baptime, and fere foi' he is thy sona'' and ^rfoi^ Criste 

I leaf 188, col. 2. 

[Second Version. AddiL MS. 9066.] 

and ledde with hym his sone, beryng a swerd in his hond ; and toke 
it to his sone, and said, " My sone, slee me here, for here is a prive 
place, and lesse sclaondre shatt be to the here to slee me, than in 
other^ place." IT The sone herd tlus, and anon) cast the swerd from 
hym ; and kneled before his fadir mekely I-noughe, and asked hym ' 
mercy, Saiyng, to ^hym, '' have mercy On me,'^ for I have synned, 
and do to me from hens forward as it likeifi the.** f Anon) the 
Fadir kissed hym, and was right glad ; and lad hym with hym to^ 
his paleys. and aftir the dethe of the fadir, the sone reigned ; and 
so in pease ^^and rest he^ ended his lyf*. 

^ Declaiuoio. Dere Frendes, this Emp^rour is onre lord Ihe^u 
crist ; The fadir^ is eche cristen) man ; the Empresse is holy chirche. 
But ofte sithes the sone, that is, an eveH cristene man, [IbJ froward 
and contrary to god, for he obeyeth not the comaundement. he 
asketh of holy chirche yf he be verrely his sone ; and holy chirche 
aunswereth, and seith, "ye, sir, of me he^ toke baptyme, and 
therefore he is his sone." IT Crist by prelates and prechours 

* another. * Om. 

* his fader ''A I fader, have m^roy on me, have m^rcy on me. * home to. 

* leaf 44, back. • Otn. ' sone, MS. * ye, MS. 

ORSTA. 15 


Enformithe yb, and counBeilithe ys, by pr^latis and preclioYTs, to 
leYe oure folijs and synnys, and that we be not contrarye to his 
werkes; and he spekithe to ys, seyng thus, Beuerterey Beuertere, 
sunamitiSf et ego suscipiam^ te^ This is to sey, be thow tomid, be 
thow tomid to me, thow synfulle sonle, and I shalle Yndcrfonge 
the. but the synner woUe not be bowid by woide, ne be betynge^ ; 
& perefoT^ Ciiste bryngithe him in to a deserte place of this worlde, 
and bryngithe wet/t him the sweide of devine Rightwysnesse, acU, 
]>at he deye for synne that is done ; for yf synne hadde not ben), 
de]>e had neu^ ben). Also pe fadir had a sweide of powei', by the 
which pe Sonne of god deyde ; & Jerfoi* hit is wretyn) thus, H Non 
h&beres potestatem super me vUam, nisi Eeeet tibi datum desuper, 
J>ow sholdest have no power* Yppon) me, but yf it wei* yeYen) the 
from) aboYe. 1 lorde, that ther bu]) manye that dothe Crist 
ayene Ypon) the crosse I And pere foi' do as dude the sonne of the 
Emperoui', cast from) the ]>e swerde of wickidnesse, and bowe the 
by penaunce byfoi' god; and thenne thow shalt fynde Eemedye, 
grace, and loye, and the kyngdom of hevin aftir pi decesse. Amen I 

' Bussipiam, MS. 

[Second Version. Addit, MS. 9066.] 

enf ormeth ys, that we shuld Icyc synne, and that we be not contrarie 
to his preceptes ; but he speketh to ys, and seith, tume to me^ thou 
synnefutt wrecche, and I shi^ take the. but the synfuH man wille 
not bow, for wordes ne for betynges; IT wherfore our lord Ihe^u 
ledeth hym in to deserte, that is, for his synne Adam, the first Fadir, 
was take out of paradice in to deserte of this world, and bare wit^ 
hym the swerd of goddes rightwisenesse, that is, that he shold dye 
for synne that he had done ; for yf synne had not be done, dethe 
phold not have ben). Kow hathe the sone the swerd of power, by 
the whiche the sone of god shuld dye ; as it is written), thou shuld 
not have power in me, but yf it were yeven to the firo above. If O I 
how many are yit that crucifien) crist by her synne I ^ Do pon 
therfore as the £mp«rours sone did; Cast fro the the swerd of 
wikkednesse, and knele, that is, meke the, in the way of penaunce, 
and afore god, thou shalt fynde grace ; and so in pease diou shalt 
ende thi lyf, and purchace the everlastyng kyngdome of heven. 
to the whiche biyng ys he, that for oure synne dyed on the roode 1 

LI. THE POWER OP HOPE. STORY. HABL, 7388, & ADD. 9066. 227 

(how a wife was oonsoled for the absence of her husband.) 
lEeudericns was a Emp^rouie Eegnyng in the citee of Eome, 
]>e whiche was longe witA oute wyf and ohilde ; but at the 
laste, at connseil of lordes and of wyae men, he weddid a 
faaie damiselle, & dwelte with hir in an Yiiknowen contree^. and gete 
of hir a childe, Aftir that^ he wolde haye comyn to his Empyre, 
but he myght not haye gete leye of hir ther to, but eu^r she wolde 
sey, that yf he yede, she wolde sle hir selye. And whanne the 
Emp^rotfr harde this, he studied muche, how that he myght beste 
goo, and passe fironD hir, wtt^ hir goode wille. he gate payntours, 
& he made to be paynte ouer hir hede \]. fair* Images ; and in the 
frounte of eyl^ere Image was Insette a myrot/r, in the whiche she 
myght euery day biholde ; & so she dude, & had so grete delectacion)| 
that she format ]>e feryente desire that she hadde in hir lorde the 
Emperottr. whenne the Emperoure sawe this, he yede his weye ; 
and aftir his going, a damesel, that was the ladies saryaunt, yede 
preyeliy and made foule the glas, in so muche that the lady ^ede 

* leaf 188, back, col. 1. 

[Second Version, AddU. MS. 9066.] 
[ XXXI. ] 

FReudericus reigned in the Citee of Eome, that longe was 
withoute a wyf and child. Atte* last, by counsaile of his 
wise men, he wedded a right faire maiden)^ of ferre countre, 
and with her abode in that countre ynknoweu) ; and on her begate^ 
children). IT Aftir that, he wold go to his Empire, but of her he 
myght gete no leye ; For^ she said, yf he went fro her, she shold^ 
slee her self. IT whan the Emperour herd this, he douted gretly,^ 
and studied how he myght go fro her Vitii her^ wille^ ^ he hired 
his® payntours, and made hem paynt over* his [beddys^^] hede q. 
faire ymages, and in the forhede of eche ymage was put a glasse, 
^^in the whiche his wyf myght eyery day loke^ and haye deUte. 
wherfore the woman had so grete delite in beholdyng of hem, that 
she forgate the loye of her husbond. IT whan the Emparour 
perseiyed that, he wente from her. But whan he was *gone from 
her,^^ there come a maidei])^* priyely, and defouled the myrrour,** in so 

' At the. • mayde. * gate. * and. • wolde. 
• Om, ^ Om, • hym. • on. " Sujfplied from C. " leaf 46. 

" go, " mayde. ** mirroura. 

228 LI. THB P0WJ5B OF HOPE. STOHT. tiARL. 7333, & ADD. 0O66. 

aftir the lorde ; an($ whenne slie had foimde him, she biowte [him] 
(L^eid wiili, hir. andl thenne the 'Emperour made muche sorowe in 
herte for that cas, and studiydl perefoi' by what weye, in al that he 
myght, how that he myght passe fro ^ hir ayena he purvey de him 
of a passing faire gurdil, sette aboute withe pr^sious stonis, an^ in 
the stonys he made thes wordes to be wreten, " yf hope wei' not, hert 
shulde breke." And he yafe ))i8 gdrdil to his wyf, and she toke hit 
Beuerentlye ; & she sette so moche herte in fairnesse of the gyrdille, 
that she for yate the love of hir husbonde. whenne the Emp^roure 
saw this, he yede pnVely fro^ hir to his contre, & fe yrjf folowid 
not aftir him, for as ofte as she was I-temptid to go aftir him, as 
ofte she yede, and lokyd on) the gyrdil, and she Redde on the 
scriptui', seing, yf hope wei' not, herte sholde tobreke. She thowte 
fer wit^ to hir selfe, " yit I triste to ^ see my husbonde, withe glorie 
& comforte." & thus she livid, vndir stedfaste hope & trist, by 
many dayes aftir. 


Ere Frendes, this Emperoure may be callid eche goode 
Cristeii) man), ]>e whiche owithe to be Emparour of him selfe ; 
and BO he owithe first & fur]>69'most and principalli, to take 
» for, MS. * for, MS. » leaf 188, back, col. 2. 

[Second Version. Addit. MS. 9066.] - 

mekeH^ that the wyf ali thynges left, and wente aftir her husbond ; 
and^ whan she found hym, she lad hym with her agayn). If Than 
the Empe^'our sorowed gretly; neverthelesse he studied by what 
wey he myght go from her. H he ordeyned a' faire girdeil, and 
araied it with precious stones ; and in every stone he did write this 
reason), IT " were not hope stedfast, hert ofte dthe shol^ brest." * this 
IgurdeH he gaf* to hys wyf*, and she gladly resceived it ; and* of the 
gurdeti she had so moche delite, that she for-gate M the love of her 
husbond. [Whan the Emperour saw that, priuely he went to his 
poutre. And his wyfe f olowed neuer after ; but as she was in wylle 
to go after hire husband,^] so ofte sithes^ she loked on the gunlett, 
and red the scripture, " were not hope sstedfast, liert ofte sithe slioli 
hrest.'' % Than she thought, "yit I hope to se my husbonde with 
myrfche.*' and so she lived longe, and ended her lyf in pease. 
If Declaracio. My swete frendes,^ this Emperour may be said 

' myche. • Qm. • hym a. * breke. • Om, 

• Supplied from C. ' (?». * " frende, MS. 

LI. THE POWER OP HOPiB. 8T0BT. BARL. 7388, & ADDIT, 9066. 229 

the wey towaicl his owne confcre, & pereio manfulli to laboure. 
what 18 oontree 1 Ceitenly the kjngdome of hevene, wonne by the 
passioon) of criat. And wher foi* owe we to laboure ]>eref ore 1 
Gertenlye to that entente^ that we mowe have pere by helpe of 
soule; as is seide in the psalme, Saluum me /acy deus gaoniam 
intraverunt aqua vague ad animam meam, This is to seye, lorde, 
make me saffe, for waters, bcU. perilis of synnys, have enterid to my 
sovle. the wyf is the fleshe, that of te tyme holdi])e the soule in his 
dUectaciouns, for the whiche he may not come to the euerlastyng 
lyf; For wher is his conu^rsacion) but in the Empire of hevenel 
why thenne woUe not the fleshy lete him passe to that muiy 
contree 1 For the fleshe is naturely a-yenste the sprite. Do perioif 
as dud the Emperoure ; huyi' payntot/rs, set/, men of holy chirche, 
that conne paynte in the hede of thin herte two ymages, saZ. 
(^ontrucioh), Ss confession), so that ejjyere of hem have a wel 
I-polishid glasse, bcU. a consiens and perseveraunce, the whicb 
perseueraunce amonge alle o}er vertues is I-crownid. & yf thow 
be-holde welle thes, pou shalt forjite the wey of inpediment, and 
thow shalt ^ late pi soule passe frely. but aUas 1 for ofte tyme while 
pat pe soule Ijpe in pe way of penaunce toward hevene, pere comythe 

■ shat» MS. 

[Second Version. Addit MS. 9066.] 

every good cristen man, that oweth to be *Emperour of hym self ; 
IT wherfore pryncipaUy and before all thyng he oweth to take a way 
toward his owne countre, and therfore namly for to travaile. 
% Whiche is our countre 1 for sothe the kyngdome of haven, the 
whiche is goten) to vs by cristes passion), and whi owe we to 
travaile to that ? forsothe that we may have endlesse helthe. IT The 
wyf is the wrecched flessh, that ofte sithe beholdeth the soule in 
many delectacions, for the whiche the soule may not passe to 
everlastyng lyf, where is conversacion) and everlastyng Empire, 
and why wille not the flessh leve 1 for sothe for the flessh desiret^ 
ayenst the soule. IT Do thou therfore as the Emperour did ; heire 
payntours, that is, men of holy chircfi, that can paynte in the hede 
of thyn) hert ij. ymages, that is^ contriccion) and confession), so that 
eche ymage have annyrrour put in the face, that is, a naked conscience 
and perseveraunce ; for perseveraunce alone in good livyng amonge 
an vertues is crowned, for sothe yf thou behold wele in thise 
myrrours, lightly thou shalt for-yete the way of Impedyment and 
lettyng. And so thou shalt suffre thi soule frely to passe. IT But alias 

230 LII. THE DUnBS OF A BON. 8T0BT. SABL. 7333. 

a servaont, bcU, a ahrewde or a firaward wil, or a flesbli delectacion), 

that makitb fonle the consienns and the ^eraeaeradoiii, so that }»e 

aoiile may not ^Se god, ne his owne per^ Do ther foi' as dude the 

"Emperour ; yif hir a Gnrdili, aeU, chaiite, with presioiis stonys, aeU^ 

lownesse & chastite ; and ofte tyme redde the superBcripcioun), sctZ. 

but yf hope wei*, herte shulde breste. This hope owithe to be 

Eedressid vnto god, ]>at yf ]>owe do penaonce, thow shalt come to ]>e 

lyf that eu^rmoi' histithe ; and perefoi^ seithe the Apostle, Spe sdlui 

facti 8umti8, This is to seye, ))orow hope we bethe I-made safe. And 

yf we do so, wtt^ oute dowte we sholle come to the Euarlastinge lyf, 

bothe in fleshe & in sonle, aftir the laste dome, god graunte ys ^at 

for his m^cy I Amen« 

> leaf 189, ool.l. 

[JSecond Version. AddU. MS. 9066.] 

for sorow! for ofte sithes while the soule lietli in the way of 
penaunce toward heven), comets the seryannt, that is, foryetef uli 
wille, ^ or flesshly delectacion), and defouleth the myrrours, that is, 
conscience and perseveraunce, as ofte as it lietH in dedely synne, so 
that the soule may not se god, ne the perile of it self*. If Do thon 
therfore as the Emp^rour did ; yeve her a gerdefi, that is, charite, 
with precious stones, that is, mekenesse and chastite ; and rede ofte 
the scripture, that is, If Were not hope stedfast, hert ofte sithes woM 
brest. If Hope shold aH way be had in thi kynde to god, for yf 
I do penaunce here, my hope is to have eyer lastyng lyf : and that 
is, that the apposteti saith, IT By faithe we are made sauf*. and yf 
we do so, with out doute aftir ^e day of dome, the hert with the 
soule sbaH ioye in eyer lastjng lyf. to the whiche brynge ys Ihesu 
Crist! Amen. .i«rf46,Uok. 


(of a son who lbft his mother in ordeb to bsscub his 


PEotheus Eeignid an Emperoure in the citee of Eome ; and he 
ordeymd for a lawe, that childerin) shulde sustene her> faderis 
in al maner of l^ede, bcU, yf that theye wei^of powei* there to, 
or Eichei' ^Bxb hir faderis. Fel cas, that ther was a knyjt namid 
andronict/^, and he had a faire gentil woman) to wyf, ]>e whiche con- 
8eyui(f of him, & bare him a sonne. The childe throfe, and wel was 


I4o7i(k a-monge al men), for he was gracious in beholdinge. Hit 
bappid, the kny^t went on) pilgnmage, and felle amonge thevis ; and 
^ he was cmely taken, & boimde ; and thenne he wepte, & saide, 
*' alas I for what shalle I nowe do, for nowe I am presonyd in a derke 
presoane, a-monge straungeres.*' And as he was in making of his 
lamentacion), ther come to him a wyse man, and saide, " def frende, 
hast thowe not at home no wyf, nor childe t " '' yis, sir,** quod he, 
*' I have a wyf, & oo childa" " sofely," seide that oper, ** thenne I 
connsaille the, that thow write to thi wyf, & to thi childe, for thy 
Bedempcion^, seing that the law of the Emperour is swiche, that the 
childerin) owithe to snstene and Releve hir faderis, in hir grete nedes; 
and pereio^ sey to thi childe, that sithen he is thi childe, that he 
nowe heipe the ; and saye to thi wyf, that she socoure the in thi 
wrecchidnes, sithe ye bethe bothe oo fleshe." the knyjt wrote 
letteris in this forme to the wyfe, & to the sone ; and whenne the 
wyf hadde sen) the letteris, she wepte so soi', that she was blynde for 
weping. And the sone in the same man^ made sorowe ' as muche 
as he myght bei', & sude to his moder, '' A ! dei' moder, now is woo 
to yow I-nowe; neu^ the les I wolle go, and deliu^ my fadir/* 
"ITay," quod the moder, "thow shall not go, for thow art my loye, 
Ss my solas ; and yf thow leve me be my self, hit wolle be cause of 
my dethe. And also hit may happin withe the by the way, as hit 
is withe thi fadre ; & so hit shulde be to me doble confucion) & 
woo. [Thow] hadde lever," quod she, "deliuer thi fadir out of 
presoxme, than) to norishe me & helpe me in my nedes, Sithen I 
have norishid fe fro pe begynnyng of thi birthe ; and ferior )>ow 
shalt abide at home with me, for yf thowe go, I am but dede. & 
knowist thow not welle, that yf eny Ihinge be yevin) to two simplely, 
and that on) be take or dede, al is in the powi^ of him or hii^ that is 
present?" thenne saide he, "modtV, I hei^ thi wordes welle." 
))enne saide she, "thowe wot* wel, & specialli I wote hit wellc, 
that thow arte his sonne and myn) eke, for out of my wombe )>ou 
passediste. Now fin fadir is absent, & I anot) present; )>enne I 
conclude by goode probacion), that )»ow owist not to go from) me to 
thi fadir.^' Thenne spake pe sone, and saide, ** A ! dei' modir, thow 

1 leaf 189, col. 2. ' wolt, MS. 

232 Lii. Tns DUTiiss of a son. moralite. haul, 73S3. 

I be thi Sonne, yit my fadir is cause of my gen^racion) in priucipaH, 
as thow erte of my conseyvinge ; & my fadir yede in pilgnmage, and 
thow dwellist at home, now he is takyii), & made soget to his 
Enmyes, & ^ou art free; So he dwellithe^ amonge his Enmyes, and 
thowe a monge thi frendes ; he liggithe strongli I-bounde^ and! thow 
ert los. An<$ neuertheles thow erte blynde, and he hathe no light 
but cheynis, and woiindes, & wrecchidnesses ; and so^ly )>6re for' I 
woUe go to him, & deiiuer him oate." And so hit was don) in dede ; 
and al men) fere M lovid him, & commendid his vertues, |>at so 
deliuerid his fadir firo barette. 


DEre Frendes, this Emperoure is )>e Fadir of hevene; that 
ordeynid for a lawe, that childerin shulde honour and 
worshipe hir Faderis & hir moderis, and sostene hem. but 
who is thi fadir, and whoo is thi moder) Certeinly Crist is oni' 
fadei', For he hathe to ys a fadirlye affeccion), and not *a modirly ; 
For ye knowe welle, Jat yf a childe forfete or Trespasse, f e fadir 
woUe stemely Repreve him, bete him & scorge him, but the modir 
tretithe him lijtly and swetlye. and so Criste wolle suffre ts to be 
turmentid, angrid, & bete for oure defavtis, as onre principatt fadir ; 
& fere fof hit is seyde in Deuto. Nuncquid nmi ipse est pcdet tuus, 
gui possedit te, ^ fecit, ^ creauit te 9 This is to seye, Whefere is 
not he thi fadir, that owithe )>e, & made the, & shope thel sciL 
Crist, the punysshei'. Bute thy modir is fe worlde, that bihotithe 
to the swetnesse & dilectabilites. Kow oure fad^ yede a pilgrimage, 
as is mencioiO made in ^e Ps. Extraneus Faeius sum freiribus meis^ 
This is to seye, I am) made a straunger to my bretherin. Now Criste 
is I-bounde, scorgid, and crossid, and not in him selfe, but in. his 
membris; and )>(^efore seithe the Apostle, Ad hebreos, Quicunqvie 
est in mortali peccato, iacet in Careers diaboli, This is to seye, Who 
so ener be in dedely synne, he is in presone of the deviL and fere- 
fore oure fadir wolde, that we shuld goo, and by the thraldom)^ aeil. 
by doinge of the vij. werkis of m«rcy, also go and pneche, & shew fe 
kyngdoni) of god. and ferhj thow may become the childe of criste, 

• dwellid^, MS. • leaf 189, back, col 1. 


for wlio 80 enar prachitlie fructaovslye the worde of go<}, he winithe 
pe fadir, and hxjip crist ; for he seithe, Quod vni ex minimis meis 
fedgtis, micJii fedstiSf This is to seye, Jjat ye doj) to ^e leste of rnyne, 
ye dothe to me. bat the modir, sctZ. ]>e worlde, letithe not a man) 
folowe crist in pooerte, & in olper gode werkes ; but he seithe to 
man), ''I may not live, yf that thow chese, and go )»e weye of 
penaunce, & folowe criste, that was poi'." And this modar is 
biynde, and makithe o^ere blynde also; and seithe Echo day to 
men), " Gome to me, I am present to the ; & late vs vse goodis, & 
strengithe^ & fairhed." but» dere frend, yf that thow be a goode 
kynde childe to god, thow wolte aynswez' ])U8, '' the f yrste partie is 
but of the fadir, & the secounde of the modir ; the soule is hijt to 
god, & the body to the worlde, sciZ. Erthe. & Jerfoi' do not afbir 
the worlde, ne abide not age, vnpower, or blyndnesse, for the oblacioii) 
that thowe wolde make ])enne is the lesse acceptable to god ; and 
triste not to the worlde by no wey. For thenne he wolle desceyve 
the as thin Enmye, ^but go to Crist, and thenne thow shalt have 
euirlastinge lyf . Amen) ! 

[ LHI. ] 


(why a physician would not curb his stepmother) 

GOrgonius was an Emperoure Eegnynge in the cite of Rome ; 
and he had weddid to wyf a yonge gentilwoman), the 
whiche conseyuid, and browte forthe a faire sone. And 
whenne the childe was in age of xx. yer^, the modir deyid ; & he 
weddid anofere wyf, that lovid not the Emperottrs sone, but she 
Eeprdvide him moche, & shewid to him muche glowmynge chei*. 
Whenne the Emperour saw that, he sent his sonne out of fe Empyi*, 
for presaimce of his wyf ; and whenne the yonge man was put oute 
of the Erapyre, he lemid to be a phisicien), that myte be in eny 
place. Aftirward hit happid, that his fadir, scz'Z. the Emperoure, 
fel sike, ande was ny dede ; but what tyme he harde telle that his 
sone was so good a phisicione,* he sent for him by lettcris, that he 
shulde come withe oute delay. J5e sonne willing* [to] obey to the fadir, 
he come to him, and saw his vryne j and thenne yaf him medesync, 
* leaf 189, back, col. 2. • phinione, MS, 


vherthorowe he was hole. Aftir that, the wyf of the Emperoure be 
ganne to be syke, in so muche that lechis had grete mystir of hir 
lyfe. Whenne the Emp^our han) that, he praide his sonne, that 
he shulde hele his wyfe of hir sikenesse anc^ in firmite ; and the sone 
saide, ''sertenlye, I woUe not putte to hir no medicinis." "And 
bat thow do/' quod the fadir, ^' \o\i shalte be exilid fro my com- 
panya" ]>enne saide the sonne, " fadir, yf thow do so to me, ]>oa 
doste to me grete wronge; for \crOi knowist welle, that thow did 
putte me for^ hir love out of the Empii', wherfoi' myn absence was 
cause of thin infirmitee, and of thi sorow ; & thenne, whenne I come 
ayene, vriih a litle helpe \o\k Eeceyvidist hel)«, so hylie comfortid 
^e. my presence was & \a cause of hir infirmite, & ^erefore I woUe 
not entermete me of hir, & whi 9 for I knowe welle, that the syjte 
of me woUe greve hir, and a leche may ofbe tyme be deceyrid ; also 
and I coveite not, that eny thinge felle to hir bute good, that she 
putte ^blame in me." ]penne saide the fadir, " sone, she bathe the 
same seknesse ^at I hadde.'' " ye, what ^ow,'' seide the sone, " thow 
hit be the same sekenes, hit is not the same compleocion) ; for that 
whiche I dude to the, \o\i heilde the \€T withe wel paide, for my 
presence, and the comfortable syght, wheii) )>ou sawe roe, ])at \om 
gate helthe^ ; And ^erfore it is beste that she late some leche dele 
wit^ hir, that she wolde triste iii) ; & so she may & shalle be hole." 


DEre Erendes, ])is Emperoure is Echon of vs that have I-taken) 
the wyf of Cristindome in baptime ; for thenne is ^e soule 
made ])e spouse of Criste, of whome he getithe a sonne, 8a7. 
Kesoh), whiche is annexid to god. But Chn^tianyte dei))e, when) a 
man) lithe in synnes, aftir the man) weddith ano^er, sct7. wickidnesse, 
as ofte as a man is Eulid & gouernid by wille, & not by Reson). 
And so he livithe fleshely, & puttithe awey Eeson), & ]>enne ^e soule 
is sike ; for the absens of Eeson) is cause of the sekenes of the soule. 
but then) Eesone, whiche is gostlye medisyne, is I-browte a-yene by 
the werkes of mercy, and of consciens, & so is man I-helid; and 
that o\er wyf, sci7. frowarde wille or sensualite, is syk, as ofte as the 

> fro, MS. » leaf 190, col. 1. ' helde K MS. 


fleahe is putt downe by Penaunce. And ^ereioi we moste be ware 
bowe that we norisbe owi* [lyf] ; for the lyf of man) is likeniii nowe 
to a floTii'y nowe to bete or warmnes, and nowe to a fleinge sbadowe, 
and nowe to a messager tbat Eynnitbe or Kiditbe afore, and nowe to 
an arowe sbote to a marke ; for of al tbes is trays ne folowinge to and 
[so] it is of a man) aftir bis detbe. And pere foi' lat ys be so busye 
to amend oure lyf, tbat we mowe come, and take^ & bave tbe loye 
of bevene. Amen 1 



(how a seducer who had murdered his illegitimate son 

was punished.) 

ONias was an Emperoure in tbe cetee of Rome ; and be badde 
a faire dovt^, ^tbat was mncbe like to bim selfe, and tbe 
wbidfe be mncbe lovid. So ]>er come a kny3t to tbis damseH, 
xiamed Cornelius, and be stirid bir & wowid bir, in al tbat be my^t, 
for synne to be doD) ; and soone tbis damiselle, not bayinge mynde of 
pmlis ^at mygbt falle, soone sbe consentid. tbe kny^t deflowrid bir ; 
and wbenne be bad drive a-weye tbe flowr' of bir yirginitee, be lefbe 
bir, and forsoke bir. tbe woman) conseyrid, and browte fortbe a faire 
soone. Anooh) tbe knyjt took ])e cbilde, & slowe bit ; and wbenne 
tbe mod^ barde tbat, sbe was bilicbe greuid in alle tbe streDges of 
bir berte, and wrote to bim, & askid of bim wbi be badde I-doo 
Bucbe a wicked dede. tbe knyjt badde noon) Excnsacion), ne wolde 
not lowe bim selfe. wbenne tbe Emperoure barde bei^of, be badde 
gret dispite, & was wrotbe to bim ; & soone be made to be cride a 
gen^raH tomement. And in tbe day of tbe tomement per were sette 
by tbe Emperoore i^. or ii^. luijjtes of oo partye, and as many in 
tbat o)»6r syde ; and tbei tbat wei^ in tbe firste parte badde I-putte 
sbeldes in a certeyne place deputte ^erefoi'. Wbenne tbis was doon), 
Cornelius tbe knyjt, tbat lay by tbe damisel, come witb tbe 
adndTBarijs ayenste tbe Emp^rour, tbe wbicbe wolde play, be yede 
to tbe sbeldes wber )>ei lay, and towcbid on) of bem with bis spere, 
tbe wbicbe sbelde pMeynid to a kny^t ^at tbe Emp^oure mocbe 
lovid ; mevinge, as is man^r of playe, tbat be tbat owte tbe sbelde 

' leaf 190, ool. 2. 


fiholde a-Rise, & noon) o)>ir; aruJ fei'foi', as costom) was, a clene 
yirgine shulde arme him. And so lie yede to the felde, and plaid 
'wiih comely, In so muche that Cornelius was per grevouslye 
woundid ; but he wan) the victory, & toke J)e Empe?*ottrs dowtcr, 
and ladde hir home a-yene to the palys. 


DEre frendes, this Emp<?roure is pe f adir of hevene ; The dowter 
is )>e soule, I-made to his owne similitude; Cornelius is the 
devil, that deseyuid hir, & ^slow hir childe, and made al man- 
kynde iw subieccion). Now god havi])e iij. scochens, sci'Z. [the] powere, 
the whiche is the scochon) of the fadir ; he hathe wisdome, ))e which 
is l^e scochon of the sone ; and he hathe goodnesse, the wiche is the 
scochon) of the holy gost J^es iij. sheldes god hathe sette in a place 
ordeynid ferioj^, sci7. mankynde, whenne that he made him to his 
owne likenesse. For the firste man) Adam) hadde lordshipe ou^ alle 
the bestes of the Erthe, and ther is the shelde of the fadir, sciL 
power' ; pe secounde hadde connyng & knowleche of al thinge« vpon) 
er)>e, and pere was the shelde of the sone, Bcil, wisdome ; and ^e 
firste man) was formid in grace, and love of gode & of pe neyboure, 
and fere was the shelde of the holye goste, acil, grace. Now ^e 
wickid sprite, pe devil, wiUynge in his wickid obstinacye [to] fite 
a-yenst god, he come, and towchid not the shelde of the fadir, & 
seide not, 8i camederiiis, eritis sicut dii potentes^ he seyde not, ye 
shul be myjty as godis, yf ye ete of hit'; Ne.he towchid not the 
shelde of the holy gost, seiyng, Eriiia honi vel amanteSy yf ye Ete, 
ye shul be good or lovyng< ; but he towchid the shelde of the sone, 
seiynge, Si comederitia, de fructu illo eritis sieut dii, scienies bonum 
et malum, ])i8 is to seye, yf ye ete of that frute, ye shalle be as god 
is, knowinge goode & eviUe. And )>ere foi', sithe he towchid the 
shelde of ^e sone, ^e sond, ml, Criste, was sent by the Emp^rour, 
his fadir, to fite withe the deviL & )>e virgine ])at armid him was 
the virgine of virgims, scU. owre lady seint Marie, of the whiche he 
toke armure, sct7. man kynde ; & peririi he fawjt witA the devil, <fe 
his membris, and w/t^ sufiring of v. sore woundes he wan) the 
victorye of hem ; and browte the damyselle, ^e soule of Adam, vnto 

' leaf 190, back, ool. 1. 


the palys of lievene. Ad quod paXadum petducat no9 Bex Begum / 

[LV. ] 


(how a STBFMOTHBB who wished to favour HEB own BON WAS FOILED.) 

Clipodius was a wyse Emperow reignynge in the citee of Rome, 
andf his possession) was moche ; the wiche weddidf the dowt^r 
of a kynge, callid kinge assireorum, & she was faire an($ 
glorious in ^syght, and browte forthe a faiie sone ; but she dide in 
hir childebed. And aftir hir dicese, J)e Emperoure weddid anofer 
woman), and gate oxi> hir a childe ; and bothe childerin he sent to 
fer contree, for to be forsterid, & browte vp. so in a certeyne tyme, 
the wyf of the Emperour^ saide to hiw, " sir, my lorde, hit is x. yere 
agoon) sithe I bare a sone, & sawe him neuer sithe I bai' him ; and 
feriore I be-seche yow, p&t ye sende after him, that I may see him, 
& have sum loye of my birthe.** ^ ))enne saide the Emperoure, 
** Dame, ^u wot welle, that I gate Ornofer sone of my first wyf, and 
he is wiih him ; & ferfov yf we send for the ton), the to\>er must 
come also." thenne saide she, '' sir, I assente." ]penne the Emperour 
sent for hem), and thei come bothe. And whenne thei wei' Lcome, 
they wei' to syght of alle men) faire and welle I-shapiii), wel 
I-noTSshid, & welle I-norturid ; and thei wei* so like, that vnneje 
the on) myght be knowen) from) the to^er -with eny maii), but onlye 
of the fadir. Thenne saide the wyf, '* gode lorde, telle me whiche 
is my child, for solely I know not whejer of hem is myn) 1" Jjenno 
he leyde his honde vpon) fe childe that he hadde with the firste 
wyf, and saide, " lo I this is thi sone." And whenne he hadde sa 
tolde hir, she lovid and pikid, fedde and taw^te this childe, trowing 
that he had be the same that she bare ; & hilie dispisid hir owne 
sone, trowinge that he was hir stepson), whenne the Emperoure 
sawe her gret vnkyndnes, that she wolde not love bothe y-like, he 
said to hir, " woman, I have deseyvid the ; for that child that thow 
norisshest so moche, is not thyne, Jat of ere is thi childe, that fou 
lovist not." What dude she but lefte that childe, and was a boute, 
in al that she myjt, to plese that oJ)er. And whenne the Emperoure 

1 leaf 190, back, col. 2. 


saw that, he saide to hir, '^ dame, I have yit deseyvid the, for he is 
not thi sone ; and yit thow shalt not knowe more sekymesse of me, 
hut I wolle that thow wite, that on) of thes Is thi sone, that thow 
bare." ]pei]) she knelid downe rpoii) hir knees, and said, '^ lord, for 
his love that hinge ypoii) the crosse, do tel me in certeo) whiche of 
hem is my sone, withe oute cauillaciou)." " For sothe," quod the 
Emperoui^, '* thou shalt not know, vnto the tyme that thei come to 
hir ful age, by cause that I wolle J)at Jou love hem bothe I-lyka 
For whenne I saide ]>is was ^i childe, )»oa lovedest al him, & nothing 
^the o\er ; and whenne I saide \ai o^er was thi childe, \ovl tendeist al 
to him, and dispisidist \at Q\&re ; and ^eref oi^ I wolle, that thow 
love hem bo])e i-lyke^ welle." and so she dude indede, til tyme that 
thei come to hir lawful age, and mannys degree; & thenne the 
Emperoure tolde hir in certeyne whoo was hir childe, wher thorow 
she was gladde, and ful welle a-payde in herte. 


DEre &endes, this Emparoure is oure lorde Ihem Criste. Thes 
too chnderiu) be)>e chosen) creatures, & wickid creatours. 
the mod^ is' holie chirche, )>e whiche norshithe boj^e the 
goode & the eviH ; For god wolle not that hit be certeyne to holye 
chirche, who is choson), and who is not ; For yf holye chirche knew 
it, she wolde love oii), & hate the o])er, and thenne charite shulde be 
distroyed, and men) shulde live in discorde. but in the day of 
dome hit shalle be declarid, who is chose, & who is not chose ; and 
\erioi^ late vs do so in this worlde, that we mowe be choson) vnto 
the fest that euer is newed, and neuer wezithe olde. Ad quod noe 
peiducai Bex vitieas in eecula I Amen. 


(how an BMPEBOB bequeathed his EMPIBB to the IfOBV 


|01einiu8 was an Emperoure in the cetee of Bome, ^e whiche 
hadde iij. sonnes, that he moche lovid. So as ^is Emperoure 
laye in a certeyne nyght in his bedde, he thowte to dispose 

> leaf 192, ool 1. [leaf 191 is oat of place, it should follow leaf 192.] 
» ylke, MS. » .s. i. e, scilicet, MS. 


Ms Empir', & he thou^t to yeve his kyngdome to the slowest of his 
sones. he caJlici to him his sonnes, & saide, " he that is the sloweste 
of yow, or most slewthe ia in), shall have my kyngdom) aftir my 
disease." " Jjenne shaH I have hit," quo J the Eldest sone ; " for I 
am) so slowe, and swiche slewthe is in me, that me hadde lener late 
my f ote hrynne in the fyi*, whenne I Sitte J>er by, than) to wMdrawe, 
& save hit." * Nay," quod the secounde, " yit am I moi* worthi 
thanne ^ow ; for yf case that my necke wei^ in a rope to be hongid ; 
and yf ])at I hadde my two hondes at ^wille, and in on) honde ])e 
Ende of ^e Hope, and in that o^er honde a sharpe swerde, I hadde 
levir dye ande be hongid, ]>an) I wolde styi' myn) arme, and kitte the 
Eope, whereby I myte be savid." " hit is I," quod the thirde, "that 
shalle Eegne aftir my syre, for I passe hem bothe in slewthe. yf I 
lygge in my bedde wyde opyn), & J>e Reyne Eayne vppoii) bofe 
myn) yen), yee, me hadde leuer lete hit Eeyne hem oute of the hede, 
than I tumid me ofere to the Eight syde, or to the lyfte syde." 
]penne the Emperoure biquathe his Empif to the thirde sone, as for 
the slowist. 


DEre frendes, this Emperoure is the devil, that is kynge and 
fadir a-bove al childerin) of pryde. By the first sone is vndir- 
stonde the man, that dwellithe in a wickid sitee or place, by 
the whiche a flavme of fire, bcH. of synne, is stirte to him ; & yit 
it is moche I-sene, that he hadde \euer brynne yn) synne withe hem), 
thanne Eemeve from) the companye. By the secounde sonne is he 
vndirstonde, that knowithe welle him solve to be fastenid in the 
cordes & bondes of synne, and woUe not smyte hem) aweye wit^ the 
swerde of his tonge ; and hadde leuer be hongid for hem in helle, 
thanne to be shriven hei*. hi the thirde sone, vpon) whom) water 
dropis, bof* of the rijt ye & of the lyfte, is vndirstonde he that* 
hurithe the doctrine of the ioyes of paradys, and of the paynis Ss 
torment6«* of helle, and woUe not for slownesse of vrytte tome him 
to the Eight syde, bcU. to leve synne, for love of the Ioyes, ne to 
the left,*^ acil to leeve synne, for drede of peynis, but lithe stille in 

* leaf 192, col 2. • bu^ MS. ' that he that» MS. * tomement^*, MS, 
• The ioHbe hat here by negli fence repeated nearly four lines. 


synnys ynmeyabely j and swiche wolle have the kyngdom) of helle, 
& not of hevene. A quo nos Uberet, et ad quod nospeidueat imjp&ta- 
tor eempet iure Begnana/ amen). 

[ LVII. ] 



Alezandir was a iny3ti Emp^oui' in the citee of Eome, ]>e 
whiche bisegid a citee of )>e kynge^ of Egipte ; in tyme of 
whiche besegeing< he loste many knyghtes, anc^ men) of his 
hoste; an($ that withe owtin wounde, he knew not howe; but 
eodenly euery day the[y] fille downe dede. Alexandir hadde her of 
grete wonder, Ss grete hevinesse ^erwithe ; and ]>arefoi' he lete be 
browte to him wyse philesophris, that weiP wyse & experte in dinerse 
siensy & he saide to hem, " goode maisteres, I pray yow shewithe me 
yovi' witte, & tellithe me how it is, that my meii) pus deyithe 
sodenlye, witAoute eny stroke or hurtyng*." " sir," quod on), " hit 
is no nwrvayle, for ther^ is a' cocautrice withe in the walle ; and as 
ofte tyme as she hathe enye syght of youre men), pel bethe dede, 
thorowe the venyme that passithe from) hir syght." ]^enne saide 
Alexandir, " Is fer no Remedy a-yenste that soiye beste 1 " " yis," 
quod they, "a goode Eemedye. late sette a bright myrrowr wel 
I-polyshid betwene your host and the cockatrice; and thenne, 
whenne she wolle loke forthe, she shalle loke in the glas, & hir owne 
beholdyng shalle bowe & passe to hir ayene ; & she shalle be deseyuid, 
and dye, & oure men shul be savid fro dethe." pe Emperowr didde 
in dede as the philesophir conseilid him ; and so anoon) whenne )>e 
myrrowr was I-sette vp, J)e cockautrice was slayne, & fej entrid into 
)>e citee, & whonne hit. 


DEre Frendes, this Emperoure may welle be callid Eche Cristin 
man), that hath an host to-geder of vertuys'; for with oute 
the host of Y^uys may no man) fy^te gostly. The sitee, that 

' leaf 192, back, ool. 1. ' vertuoua, MS. 


we owe to 'be-sege abowte, is )>e worlde, in the whiche is an) hie 
castelle, acil, Vanitas vanitatum^ \\b is to seye, Yanite of vany tes \ 
& in the walle, Bcil, vanite, is a cokautrice, bcU. pryde of lyfe ; wronge 
covetise of yen), and wronge covetise of fleshe ; andl thorow this pryde 
bethe vnnumberable peple in-fecte and dede, in eue^'lastinge dethe. 
And fere foiP ther is a goode Eemedye, seil. to co;»sidre thin owne 
foulnesse, ho we that^ pon nakid entredist into the worlde, & Yfith 
what kynne do]) ^ou ert I-cladde in) ])in endyng. Yf enye man) 
askithe wherfore & whie a proude man) deyethe jT^refoi^ euerlast- 
ingely ? sothely hit is for the host of vertues failithe ; and ^erf oi' I 
saye, sete 'yp a cler^ myrrot^r^ actl. an holy consciefls, & by that 
C07tscien8 considre thi foulenesse, febilne^e, & fragilitee, and so 
ihow shalt see thin owne faute. & )>enne, yf the cocautrice be 
destroyed, sci7. pryde of lyfe, wronge covetise of yen), and wronge 
covetise of fleshe, certenlye fou shalt entre, & wynne the citee off 
hevene, &c. 

[ LVIII. ] 



E Radius was a wise Emparoure Eeignynge in the citee of Home ; 
and he ordeynid for a lawe, that yf enye dome wer^ yeve to 
enye trespassoure, hit shulde stonde, wiVi owte mercy, lilt 
happid in a certeyne tyme, as he satte at his mete, ther come a 
straung^ from fer contree ; and he accusid a kny3t of trcsoune, and 
saide that he had dayne a-no)«re knyght of the Emperotirs. whenne 
the Emperoure had harde this accosynge, he was hili hevi, & saide, 
"how knowist thow that he slowhe himi" "yis," quod he, "I 
know welle I-nowe ; For they too yede to-geder in pilgrimage, & he 
come a-yene, and not that of ere ; and whenne I sperid of him whei* 
was his fdowe, he saide, he wist not ; &I sawe his clothis with this 
man) that come home ; and this is an opyn Evidense, that he hadde 
sla3rne him." ])enne the Emperoure in his wrethe seide to his 
centurio, fat he shulde feche tdiat knyjt, to torment* to be demid 
and dampnid. and so he was. And as centurio ladde the knyjt to 

* hit, MS. ' leaf 192, back, col. 2. 

OBSTA. 16 


the lubet, as he shulde be hongid, he sawe the knyjt in the weyey 
in goode poynte & helthe, that was saide to be slayne. Andf thenne 
seuturio browte hem bothe to the Emp^'oure; and whenne fe 
Emp^oure sawe hen]), he was hiliche y-greuid, andf in his hihe 
Wiethe he saide to the fyrste knyjt, "I deme the to be dede, for 
thowe were dampnid." And thenne he saide to the secounde, '* I 
deme also to the the same de])e.'* And ])enne saide to the thirde 
kny3t, centurio, '' I deme ])e also to be dede, for I sent the to sle the 
man, & wit^ thi tumyng a-yene thow biekist my comaundement." 


n^'XOw, siris, this Emp«x)ure is oui^ lorde Iheffu crist, that ordeynid 
\ for a lawe, that af tir a dome yevln shulde be no mercye or 
JL 1 grace. But, sins, ye shnlle vndirstonde, ^at doom of holye 
chirche is in twoo man^'es, sct7. Triumphantis, of onercomynge, ^the 
whiche shalle be in the day of dome, and also of Militantis, of 
deservinge, ])e whiche is euerye daye. Of the furste doome spekithe 
the lawe of god, but not of the secounde. The first knyjt, that was 
y-dampnid, is a man that was accusid that he dude ayenste the 
comaundemente of god, whenne that he yete of the appiUe ; for yf 
he had not tastid the appili, he shulde neuer have tastid dethe. 
The secot^nde kny3t, that was cause of his dethe, is the devil, that 
temptid man ; and for that he was dampnid euerlastynglye. And 
the thirde knyjt, that wolde not obeye to the law, bethe thes Iwges 
of holy chirche^ & also temporali luges, that for favoure and averice 
leevith that \a\, is iuste and Byghtf ulle for woildlye goodes ; and 
\erioi^ thei goo to euarlastyng^ peyne. And ])6ref ore late vs obeye in 
alle thingetf to god, that we be not dampnid for owi^ inobedience, &c. 

[ LIX. ] 


FYlgencius was a wise Emp^roure Eeignyng in the citee of 
Rome ; in the Empii^ of whome }^€rk was a knyght namid 
sedechias; and this knyght weddid a fair womaii), of^ ))e 
kynrede of leri, but she was fon, & bit^r ; and in hir house dwelte 
' leaf 191, col. 1 (see note 1, p. 238). ' andf, MS. 


a serpente of longe tyme, in his cave, this kny^t lovidl welle 
tomemenW & lustinge^, an() he haantid hem) so muche, that he was 
I-come-to grete nede & pouerte byheiD); and j^arfoi' he wepte, & 
made muche lameutacioii). so in a certen daye, as the knyjt in his 
hevines walkid by the cave of the serpents, he harde a voyse seing 
to him, ** Whi erte thowe so hevy 1 do af tir my consaiH, and thow 
shalt have consolacion)." '* yis, sir," quod the kny^t^ ^* that I wolle 
do Redelye, withe condnoion) that thow deliuer me firoin) this anger 
fat 1 dwelle in." thenne saide the sarpent, '' I am a beste, and I 
have hei^ in myn hole kytlingis, that I have browt f orthe ; & they 
bethe Eyg&t feble, for favte off noreshynge, and ]>oa haste mylke 
I-nowhe in thi honse; and yf thow wolte eche day serve my 
chyldenn) of sufficeant milke, wherby we mowe be susteynid, I shalle 
make the to be avauncid ])drfoi^ vnto ful grete avauncement" when) 
the kny^t harde thes wordes, he grauntid to do as )»e serpente seide, 
'wiih oute fiGole. Anoon) he ordeynid a vessel afoi' hir hole, and put 
feruk eueri daye milke, that the serpent withe his briddis myght 
licke hit oute ; and thus he norisshid hem be mony dayes. And 
wttA in shorte tyme the knyjt ^was avaunsid to his Kichesses, and 
grete dignite he hadde ; and his wyf hadde a faire sonne, & fere 
faylid no thinge that he desirid to have, hit happid afterward, in 
a certeyne nyght ])e wyf saide to hir husbonde, as thei laye oii) bed, 
" My lorde, we be now Kiche peple, & we han) yonge childerin), [the 
whiche lackyh] J?e litle porcion) of milke that we vsyn to yeve to the 
serpente ; for oure childerin) haue none, and we haue longe tyme 
fedde fere with ]>e serpente & hir whelpes.'' ]^enne saide he,/' what 
yf she go thenne fro owre howse awey 1 " ]>enne saide she, " I 
Eede thenne, that she and alle hir whelpis be slayne ; and thenne 
we shuH be deliuerid fro a grete servitute." And the kny^t ordeynid 
a grete hamoure, an J yede to the hole, and waytid fere, whenne fat 
the serpent* wolde putte oute hir hede, to licke milke of the vessel ; 
& whenne he saw hir hede oute, he smote in al the myght of his 
body to the serpent ; but the serpente drow hir hede a-yene so 
appelye, and so sodenlye, that the strook hitte al vpon) the vesselle. 
and soone aftir this fals traytorie, that the knyght dude to the 

* leaf 191, col. 2. 


serpent, lie loste his childe, his goodes, andl al his dignites ; an<$ that 
he was in as grete nede anc^ myschef as euere he was afore. An<) 
whenne he sawe that, he seyde to his wyf, *' Alias anc) woo may he 
to Ys hothe, that eaere I dude af tir thi counsaille ; for as longe as 
we norisshed the serpents, we hadde alle goodes ! " J^enne spake 
she, & saide, ** I yafe the eville consaiH ; hut goo ayene to the hole, 
an(i meke the to hir, & loke y£ she wolle he graciouse to sende ts 
oiire goodes a-yene." pQ kny3t went a-yene to the denne, & wepte 
hitt^rly, and prayde the serpente of grace andf f oryevenes ; and he 
behite hir fro that day f orthewardes, that he wolde serve hir as welle 
as he dude before, and muche better, thenne seide the serpent, 
" 2rowe I see thow erte a foole, for wherto prayst )>ou by movthe and 
not withe )>yne herte 1 For thow may not saye bate that the stroke 
of ])e hamoui', that f elle ypon) the vesselle, sholde have smetin) me ; 
& ]>6refoi^ I smothe pe a-yene withe onte faylinge, what tyme that I 
smote thi childe to dethe for the, & took al thi goodes fro the ; and 
so be cause of thin evil wille that thow mentist to me, and also of 
the grevis that I dude to the ayene, fere may noo pes Eegne betwene 
TS two." whenne the kny3t herde ])es wordes, he yede aweye, and 
endid a f eble lyfe. 


DEre frendes, this Emperoure is ))e f adir of hevene. the knyght 
is eche Crystiu) maii), in the house of whom, Bcil, in his herte 
dwellithe^ a serpent, Bcil, Crist, aftir )>e baptim) dwellithe in 
him. Of that serpent spekithe moyses thus, Fac serpentem eneum 
&0, this is to seye, make a serpent of bras, and that crist may 
congruli be callid a serpent, is a goode Resom). The serpent berithe 
medecyne & venym), scil. medecyne in his tonge, & venym) in his 
tayle ; so doth^ oure lorde Ihe^ Crist ; he berithe medecyne of eu^- 
lastinge lyf, and venym) of euerlastynge peyne^ aeU. he shaH yeve to 
his chosyn) childeris)^ medecyne of euerlastynge lyfe, and to the 
wickid venym) of euerlastynge peyne. J)is serpent, scilicet* Iheeus, 
dwellid after tyme off baptyme in the cave of thine herte j and he 
wolle that thow f ede him eche day withe fQ milke of goode devocioii), 

' leaf 191, back, col. 1. • dwellyng, MS. » do, MS. 

* ohilderiD<9 ohilderin^, MS. « ailiset, MS. 



for that he shulde dwelle withe his whelpis, eeil. his vertues, in the 
howse of thin herte ; and jf we do so, certenlj we shulle mow have 
a chjlde, bcU, ])e werkes of mercy, & of the grace of god, & pe 
Kiches of the kyngdom) of hevene, pat neuere^ shalle Ende. But 
alias ! for while ])at a man dwellithe & stondithe in swiche goode 
state, the wyf, acil» the wrecchid fleshe, stirith a man) to kjUe the 
serpente, acU, criste, bj dedlye aynne ; and so at the stiringe of the 
ileshe, the wrecchid maD) havinge no thoujt of parilis to come, takithe 
the hamoure of synne, & pnrposithe to ale Giiste. but fe serpent 
takithe in hir hede ; so do]>e Criste witA vs ; he witti drawithe his 
powei' fro YS, and latithe the strooke falle vpon) the vesselle, bcU. 
oure sonle; for the soule shatt be y-fimyte» of the synne^ of the 
body. But whenne a man) 8ee]>e the venieaunce of god come to him 
l^erfoi', by weye of sekenes, lost of godis, de)>, pouMe, angre, or eny 
opere tribulacion), penne he begynnythe to aske his grace, & his 
m^rcye. For swiche men) sorowithe mooiP for the wrecchidenesse 
that thei han hei^, penne the! do for ]>e wrethe of god ; and ])drefoi' 
seithe the wyse man of swiche offenoion), and lowli askynge of grace, 
Est qui nequUer se humiliat, euiuA int&dora dolo mmi plena, He 
lowi))e him wickidlye, )»at is with ynne f ul of falshede. As ]>e thef 
whenne he gope to the lebette, he sorow^ mor^ for the wrecchidnesse 
that he is bounden) ynne, thenne he dothe for the wrethe of god ; 
and fere bu)>e many swiche men nowe ^a dayis, that sorowithe not 
symplely for that that they offende god, but for thei wante hir wille. 
and perfoi' late ts be euer besye to plese god, that we mowe have 
the kyngdome of hevene. Ad quod nos &c. 

[LX. ] 

(how a falbb wife, who compassed the death of her husband, 

WAS punished bt a lion.) 

ABchilaus Eegnid Emperoure in the citee of Rome, the whiche 
in his age wedde(d) a yonge gentil damiselle to wyfe ; and he 
lovid hir moche, and she hatid him ayene, and lovid ano])6re 
wiUit alle hir herte, by wey of luste & of fleshelye lykynge ; and of te 

» eurre, MS. " loaf 191, back, col. 2. 


tymes this kny^t synnyd wiih hir. so this Emperottr, as he lay onj's 
in his bedde, he purposid to visite the holy londe ; & pere foi* withe 
owten) longer delay he made althinge Redy for to wende. And 
when) alle was Bedy, he toke his leve at the Emperesse, and at the 
lordes, and yede his wey withe pe name of god. but what dude the 
Emperesse but yede prevelie, and spake to the mastre of )>e shippe, 
and saide to him, '< yf fon wolt do for me a thinge, whiche I shalle 
aske of the, I woUe yeve the what so euer that thow wolt aske of 
me." J>is man was coveitous, and saide to hir a-yene, " My ladye, 
sey to me what ye woUe, and I shaH fulfille hit, so that ye yeve me 
a gode mede." " yis," quod she, " I shalle paye the a-fore or fow do 
hit, as muche as ))oa wolte aske or have, so that thow swei' to me 
ypoh) an holy boke, ]>at fon shalte do indede my purpose, that I 
shalle seye to the/' thenne at hir owne wille he made an othe, to 
f ulfille hir wille in that cas she wolde sey to him. ]?enne spake she, 
" My lorde," quod she, " shalle nowe passe the see in yowr shippe ; 
& J?eref 01*, sithin it is in youre powei^, castithe him ouer the horde, 
whenne ye bethe in the mydes of the water, and thow shalte have 
thi mede, withe muche thanke.'' " this shaH be doori)," quod he ; 
** so that he onys be enterid the shipe, fow shalt neuer se him after.*' 
Anoon) she paide to him as muche as euer he wolde aske, & he yede 
his weye. whenne the shippe was Redy in al poynte*, the Emperoure 
enterid in to the shippe ; and whenne he was in ]7e myddis of the 
see, the mastre of the shippe caste oute the Emperoure in to the see ; 
and thenne he turnid a*yene to the Erape7*e8se, and ^tolde to hir how 
that he hadde don), and she was glad I-nowe withe aunswex^. The 
Emperowr, as the grace of god wolde, lernid to swymme in his 
yowthe ; and that was happelye lernid, for in this cas it stode him 
in gode stede ; and by his connynge, & withe grete laboure and 
bitter teris, he swam, & praid god, for he wende neuer to have passid 
withe lyfe. and as he caste vp his hede, and lokid a-bovte him, he 
sawe in the medil of the see a litle lie, fuUe of liounea, leberde^, 
berys, and of ere wylde beste*. and thenne he drowe him strongly 
to that lie, and enterid in to hit, and yede in hit, and coude noon) 
o})e}*e thinge see in hit but bestis. and whenne he hadde ben) ther 

* leaf 104, col. 1 (leaf 193 h out of place, it should follow 194). 


iij- dayes, he sawe a yonge lione fight with an) olde libarJ, an<) the 
yonge lione was ny ou^rcome by ]>e libaic^. the Emp^roui' seing 
this, hadde grete conpassioun) of the yonge lione, in so muche pat he 
drowe oute his swerde, and! slow the libari) ; an<} whenne the lione 
sawe that grete kyndnesse, he forsoke neuer the Emperoure, but 
folovii) him enere as his loide, whei^ so ener he yede. an() eu^ye 
daye, whenne the lion) had take his prey, he browte hit to the 
Emp^rouie ; and }e Emp^ronr smote onte fire of a stone, and sej^e 
his mete, as welle as he my^t ; and so withe swiche fedinge he livid 
many dayes, by the praye of the lion). The Emperonre ysid eche 
oper day to walke to the see syde, for to aspie yf he myght see eny 
shippe come. So in a certeyn) daye, as he yede thedir for to wayte 
For a shippe, yf he myght see eny shippe come,^ he sawe oon) 
drivinge withe a grete ympet ; and thenne he cride to hem that wei* 
ther in); and whenne the shippemen) sawe him stonde, ]»ei had grete 
marvayle, and come to hinL ]}enne saide he to hem, " takithe me 
witA yow, & I shall paye yow what that ye wolle haue." Jjey toke 
him ynne, and the lioune folowid afttV in ]»e see ; and wheQne the 
shipmen) saw him in poynte of p^rducion), they hadde pite of him, 
and toke him into the shipp. And whenne thei come to the londe, 
the Emperoure paide hem as moch as the[i] wolde aske of him, and 
toke the waye toward his paHs ; and euer the lion) folowid him. And 
whenne he was nye the palyse, he hurde harping, luting, pipinge, 
tromping, & ^pe symphonie, withe al man^ of musike; and as he 
stode, and harde this grete melodye, pere come oh) oute at the yate, 
whom the Emperowr knew welle, but he knew not the Emperoure. 
thenne saide the Emp^oure, ** what menis al this, dei* frende, that 
this melode is made hex^ to-daye 1 " ** sir," quod the oJ?«re, " for my 
ladye the Empires is weddid this daye; and ^^efoi* ther is a 
passaunt feste y-made of lordes of the Empire, and of all hir fre/tdis ; 
and for that cause bethe curiovs mynstrett gaderid in the halle, to 
make hir solace." ])enne saide the Emperoure, " sir, I pray yowe, 
whex^ is he that was hir Empcroure & hir husbonde afoi' 1 " ** sir," 
quod that ofere, " he yede to the holy londe, & he was dreynte 

' Ttro liuft are negligently repeated h^re hy the icHbe, 

' leaf 104, col. 2. 

248 IiZ. THB GRATEFUL LION. 8T0R7. BABL. 7389. 

thorow tempest." ])eiine ]>e Emperoz/r praid him, that he wolde 

Youchesafe to bei' his eronde to the ladye, or to him that hadde 

weddide hir, 6ciL for to aske leye that he myght come in to the paljs, 

and pleye a-fore hem withe his lione. and ^e sqmei' grauntid hit^ 

and yede to the lorde & to the ladye, and tolde hem that ]>dre was a 

faire olde man) at the yate, that wolde gladlye come in, for to pley 

withe his lione a-fore yow & jour lordes. ]>enne saide he that was 

weddid, *' late him come in hardelye, and we shulle see yf he be 

worthi mede for his pleye ; for if he do wel, he shalle have mede 

I-now." Now whenne the Emperour had this aunswere, he Enterid 

into the palays, tristing in him selfe that the lion) wolde have I-made 

a foule pleye withe ]>e lorde & withe ]>e lady ; bat wheii) he was 

enterid in to the halle, the lion) stode be-syde hirn, as he hadde be a 

ffbnne shepe^ In so muche that alle the halle manraylid, and the 

Emperoure in parti shamid, that he ne wiste what cheyisaunce he 

myght make. And ^ere foi* he saide, & spake to the lipan), as he 

wei' half e in aDgere, " Sey, sir I Jeo vous pri, have I-do^ sir ! woUe 

ye not come of 9 late see 1 have I-do." And withe that the lion) 

made a brayde to the kny3t, that neuer noon) suche was I-seen) afoi^ ; 

& he worowed him, & slowhe him ; and thanne he Ranne to the 

false Empares, and Ravid hir eviii) to the bone ; but more harme did 

he not to no man), whenne the lordes and the company sawe this, 

)>ei dradde sore. Thenne saide the Emperoi^r to hem, " siris, havithe 

no drede, for here ye ^may see opinli the yenieaunce of god I this 

woman), that nowe ia hei' dede, She was my wyf , & I hir lorde ; and 

she helde this kny3t in a-yowtrye yndir me, & falslye she caste my 

dethe, whenne I was toward the holy londe, for she made couenaunt 

wit^ fe maist^ of the shippe, that he shulde caste me oner the horde 

in to the see, & so he dude in dede, but god sayid me fro de^e. And 

for I in a tyme halpe this lione in his nede, he wolde neuer sithe 

fayle me ; & now, as ye have y-seen), he hathe slayne ^e traytoui*6 

and ]>e traytouresse." whenne thei had harde thes wordes, thei lokid 

vp, & knew him welle for hir Emparoure and lorde ; & gladde thei 

wei-', and withe grete loye Thonkid god pe savioure, that savid him 

fro ]>e de]>e. 

> leaf 194, back, ool. 1. 



DEre Frendis, this Emperoure may be wel calliJ Eche Cristin 
man ]>at piiipositlie to visite the holye londe, sciL to wynne 
euerlastynge lyfe by meritory werkes. but his wyf, sciZ. his 
fleshe, grucchithe aryenst the sprite, & lovithe a lemai]), Bcil. synne. 
thenne the l^mperour gothe into a shippe, scil. holy chirche, by the 
which is^ the going to hevene ; but thenne the wyf, scil pQ fleshely 
men), go]>e, & makithe fals suggestions to the ]pre\B,tes of holy chirchey 
and blendi]) hem withe yif t^, and makithe hem to put oute of holye 
chiiche swiche goode pUgrimis, as hathe ben) sene with many holy 
men, and specially Saint Thomas of Caunt^rbury. but what Eemedye 
is hei^foi' 9 Certejne, to swymme, bcU. to sette a goode hope in god, 
and thenne we shulle come to a Beligion), sciL to the havinge of a 
clene hert^ kepte deligentelye fiom) yisis of ))is worlde ; and pere foi^ 
spekithe seint lame Apostle, Heligio munda et in-maculaia apvd 
deum ^ pBirem hec est, visiiare pupilloa et mduae in tribtdacione 
Eorumy ^ inmaculatum se custodire ah hoc seculOy ^is is to seyn), A 
clene Eeligion) and vnfilid as to god & to the fadir, pia is to visite 
the fadirles childerin and widowes in hir tribulacion), & to kepe ^him 
selfe ynfilid fro this worlde. and swiche a man shalle mete wtt^ a 
lioune, to whome he muste yeve helpe. this lione is the lione of the 
kynrede of lude, acil. owi' lorde Jhesu crist, ]»e whiche fi3te a-yenst 
a libarde, aciL pe devil. And yf thow wolt helpe him a-yenst pB 
devil, dowtles he wolle be withe the, & nener for-sake ^e in al )>i 
nedes ; as the p7*ophet seithe, Ckim ipso sum in tribtdacione, y am 
withe him in tribulacion) ; LangUvdine dierum Eeplebo eum, Withe 
lenght of days I shalle fulfille him, eciL by lenght of lyfe. and 
thenne this lion) wolle sette his clawis vpoh) the kny3t and the wyf, 
acil. owre blessid lorde wolle. sette in thi mynde piirpos of penaunce 
to be don), and the whiche shaH destroye bo])e the fleshe & pe synne, 
Sc brynge the to blysse, &c. 

* it is, MS. * leaf 194, back, col. 2. 


[ LXI. ] 



EUfemius yrsa a Biche "Emperour in the citee of Eome ; andl he 
had a sone, & a dowt^. And as the Emperoure Eode in a 
certeyne day by the foreste, he harde melodye of the harpe, 
& he leyde goode ei* ther to. And at the last he callidf to him a 
philesophir, & saide to him, " sey, fou goode masti^e, what bymeenyfe 
this melodiel" J^enne the derke aunswerid, and saide, ''this 
menithe not eUeSy but that thow shalt make the Bedy at home, and 
dispose thyne howse, for thow shalt dye & not live." Whenne the 
Emperoure harde ]7at, anon) fevQ toke him an infimiite ; & he makid 
pQ lordes to be callid, and he saide to hem, '^ Dere frendes, I may 
not passe fro this infirmite, and ^erefoi' I woUe make my testament 
in youre presence ; and [God] wot, fat I feele fere is no pmle to 
me, but that I have not marrijd my dowtcr." and pere foi' he 
chargide^ his sone, vppon) his blessyng, afoi* alle fe lordes, fat he 
shulde mary his snsti*, — "and as longe as fou livist, have hir 
honorabeli, for al my mevable goodes I bequethe to hir." And 
whenne fis was saide, he tumid him to the w«dle, & passid *to god. 
And the sone governed the Empyre, and muche he lovid & honorid 
his suster, in so much fat thei etyn) euer of on) messe, and eche day 
she satt in a chaii' a-yenste him at mete, and laye yrith him in a 
chaumbre, but in diuerse beddes. hit happenid in a certeyne nyght, 
as this Empcroui^ laye a bedde, fat fere come vpon) him so gret a 
temptaciou), that him thou^t bute yf that he had his desire withe 
his suster, he most dye. he Bos vppe, & yede to his susteris bedde, 
and saide tho to hir, " Awake, sister, for f er is come vpon) me swiche 
a temptacion), fat but yf I lye be yowe, I am but dede." whenne 
the suster hard this, she saide, " A ! dei* brof er, takithe to mynde 
that wordis fat my fadir seyde to yow, how he c[h]argid yowe for 
my matrimony to be hadde ; and yf thow do swiche a vilany to me, 
I am) confusid for euermoi*." " Speke no swiche wordes," quod he, 
** but yif to me thin assent." And so of hir bof e assent he laye, & 
irespassid withe hir. And they continuid in this synne so longe, 

• chargithe, MS. " leaf 193, col. 1. 


til tyme that the Busier satt a-yene hini) in a certeii) daye at mete, in 
swiche a colowi^, that the brof ere marvayli() pere of, & saide, " A ! 
Buster, what may hit by-meene, that thi visage is so discolowrid 1 " 
thenne she avnsweriJ, and saide, that hit was no mervayle, sithe 
she was wiiJi childe by him. whenne he hard that, he was hiliche 
mevid in herte, and saide with a grete yoyse, " Alias ! )>at euer I 
was borne of my modir ! " ])enne whenne she harde that he sihed 
so, vriih a grete sorowe she saide to him, ^^ A I broker, be not hevy, 
for we bethe not the furst that ha])e offendid god ; bute lete ys bo 
abowte to besye ys now to make amendis, & to plese god ^yene." 
J^en) saide he, " I know welle, that god is of Endles mercy ; but how 
shulle we scape )>e shame of )>e worlde 1 " Thenne saide she, " hex* 
two myle hens ther dwelli]) a kny^t, callid Folemus, an olde man) & 
a Eiche, and is I-holde a wise man), late ys telle oure counseiU' to 
him ; & I tmste that he wolle yeve ys goode counsaiH, that we shulle 
Eacape worldly shame." Tlienne the Emperoure sent for the kny^t. 
Whenne he was come, he toke him to a prevye place, and saide to 
him, " A I sir, alias ! may I saye, that euer I was borne, for I have 
I-done swiche a cryme withe my suster. telle me fere of, for f e 
pitee of god, how that I may ascape wordlye shame, for she is gret.e 
withe childe." Thenne the kny3t aunswerid, & saide, "god is of 
endles mercye; & do aftir my counaaiB, and dowteles thow shalt 
ascape the shame of the worlde. pon shalt goo to the holy londe ; 
& or thow goo, f ow shalt make be callid to ])e al the lordes and 
choYeteynis of the Empire, & a-foi' hem alle thow shalt bid me, vp 
peyne of lyfe, to kepe welle thi suster, by cause thow hast noon) 
o\)ere eyi'. And I shalle thenne yndir-take hir, & so hit shall ^not 
be knowen) to no man) that she is wiiJi childe." " J?is is a goode 
counsaiil," quod the Emperoure. and pere foi' he made to be sente 
aftir, bi letteria, alle his lordes ; and alle thei come at his day I-sette. 
And thenne the Emperoure saide to hem,* "der^ frendes, I do yow 
to wete, that I wolle Yisite the holye londe ; & fereto^ I comaimde 
yow, J)at ye be obedient to my suster in my absense ; for ye witte* 
welle, that I have noon) heii' but hir. And Jwu, olde kny^t polemus 
by thi name, I charge the, in peyne of lyf, fat f ou have the cui' of 

• letif lUrJ, col. 2. » hiw, MS. » withe, MS. 


hir." when) this was seide, he toke his leve, & jede his weye ; aiul 
the kny3t brovte the sist^ of the Emp^rot/r home to his castiH. 
And whenne his wyf hadde perceyvici him at a wyndowe, comyng 
withe so faire a ladye, she marvaylici, & saide to hir selfe, " What 
euer may this he? I have ofte tyme sene my lorde come home, 
[but] neu^ erste withe swiche a ladye." She descendid, & yede to 
him, & worshipfullye salude him, and saide, ^'my worshipful sir, 
what hidye is this that comithe hei* in youie felashipel" ''be 
stille," quod the knyjt, '' for this is the sust^r of the Empdrouie, 
an V she is yevin) to me in kepyng*, and J^dre-foi* a-noon) ley doun) thin 
honde vpon) a booke, that thow shalt kepe priVe alle that I shalle 
now seye ynto ])e." Anoon) she obeyde to hir lorde, and made a 
othe at his owne wille. And whenne this was done, the kny^t tolde 
hir how the lady was withe childe by the Emperoure, hir broJ)«r,— - 
"J^erefoi' I charge [the], that thowe serve hir euere, in ])in) owne 
propre persone, and nooii) but thow." & whenne hir tyme was 
comeu) oute, she browte forthe a faire sone. And thenne the kny3t 
was gladde and loyfuH ; he come in to the chaumbre, & comfortid 
hir, & saide, '' A t ladye, blessid be god 1 }k)w hast broute forthe a 
faire sone. I Rede now that we gete a preste to baptise him.'' 
" Nay," quod she, <' I make awoue to god, that he that was bigete 
betwene^ hto\er & sust^r, shalle neu^ be baptisid for me, ne with 
me." ]?enne saide the knyjt, '' Dameselle, the grete synne that ye 
dude is I-now, }K)whe the soule be not I4ost also." Thenne saide 
she, '' Do as I shalle sey to the, or ellis I shalle neuer more dwelle 
withe the, and eke I shalle euere be thin Enmye." J)enne saide the 
kny3t, '' damiseH, what so eu^ ye shidi seye, I shalle submitte me 
to youre wille." ''Do gete me^," quod she, "a ler tonne, withe oute 
onye delaye." And he dude so; and he browte to hir swiche a 
tonne, in the mene tyme \q lady put to the childe in )>e cradille, 
and sette at his hede a summe of golde, and a sum of siluer 'at his 
feet ; and thenne she toke tables, and wrote vpon) hem thes wordes, 
" Al maner of goode men in god, be hit to yow knowen, that the 
child that lithe in his cradille was getyh).by-twene bro]>ere & suster, 
comyng of kynge^ blode, and he is not yitte baptisid, and ])ere fore, 

' betwne, MS. ' men, MS. ' leaf 193, back, ool. 1. 


I pray yowe, Jew I Expresse not to yow my name, that ye wolle 
wouchesaf, for the love of god, that he wei* baptiaid, & Beuokid fro 
infidelite and mysbileve." And whenne this [was] writen), she ledde 
the tables yndir his^ bosom), in the cradiH, and she keuerde alle the 
cradill with purpur and bisse.^ And whenne this was don), the 
knyjt come in to hir, Bynnynge with the tonne, & seide, " lo ! lady, 
J)is is Eedy." penne she badde him, J)at he shulde put J)e childe 
with the cradel there in, and thenne to caste al in the see, yp peyne 
of dethe, — "J)at I live not in sorow & desolacion)."' & thenne he 
toke the cradil, & putt it in to the tonne, and cast al in to the see, 
for plesannce of the lady. Aitirward this lady lay in childbed, by 
space of an f ourtenyte ; and as she laye in the bedde, ther come a 
messag^r from the holy londe. And the knyjt sperid of him ffor 
the £mp«roure, and the meaa&ger aunswerd, & saide, " Alas ! AUas I 
bothe to yow & to me, for ^e Emperoure, oure lord, is dede, & his 
body is bronte to the Empeyi', to a certeyn) casteL" whenne the 
knyjt harde thes wordes, he was not a litle mevid, & amanyd in 
mynde, and soi' he wepte ; & for he kutte ensundre alle his clothiSy 
his wyf come ny, & whenne she sawe this syght, she sperid the 
cause of his lamentacion). ''yis," quod the knyght, ^'I wend to 
have had [of] my lord good vnnumberable, and nowe he is dede, 
and so I shalle live desolat in al the dayes of my lyfe.** Whe{n] 
his wyf hard this, she tare of alle the hei* of hir hede, & satte withe 
him vpoD) a donge-hille, til tyme that her sorow was sesid. and 
thenne saide his lady, with an opyn) voyse, " sir, my lorde, what 
shuH we do withe {the] sust^r of the Emperoure, pat now lithe in 
childebed^l for yf she harde telle that^ he wei^ dede, she shulde 
have thenne to muche sorowe/' ]}enne seide he, '' dame, for delaynge 
of tyme may be hadde wickyd werke. late vs pereioie washe oure 
visages for weping, & go we to hir chaumbre, that she be comfortid; 
and thenne we shulle se and knowe whefer that hit be, to telle hii 
or ^not." So thei bo])e come in to the chaumbre, and comfortid the 
lady. & whenne the Emperesse had biholden hir hevi cheris, & 
sawe signe off wepinge in hir visagis, she saide, " whi be ye so bevy 

> hir, MS. * blisse, MS. ' desoraoiontf, MS. * in childe repeated in MS^ 
• yf, MS. • leaf 193, bacK, col. 2. 


this day for that ye wei* yistirdayl" "hit is no merrayle," quod 
he ; " fer is a man) hei' come fro the holy londe, & I shalle calle him 
to yowe, and he shaH telle yow what kynne tidynge^ that he hathe 
browte." The messager come into the chaumbre, and Keuerently 
made salutacion) to the ladye, and knelid downe afoi' hir; and 
thenne seyde she, "do tel me, good frende, some tythinge^ of the 
Emperoure." " a I lady," quod he, " he is dede, and his body is in 
a certeyn)^ castel, tyl tyme that he be buried by yow." and whenne 
the Emperesse harde J>at word, she felle downe to the Er]>e, and the 
kny3t in an ofer syde, and hia wyf in the thirde, & the messager oh) 
the iiij. and fere was noon) of hem aH Jat myght speke a worde, for 
sorow. at ]>e laste the kny3t spake, whenne he had longe leyne,' 
and saide, " Arise, goode lady, from thi hevines, for Swiche heuines 
& sorowe may sle the ; do co77»fort thi selfe, and have in thi mynde, 
that al the Empir^ is thin, and in thin honde, and in thi wille, 
thorow goode heritage, late vs Eise fro this place, and late vs go 
to the casteH, wher^ as the body is of the Emp«roure, and late vs 
worshipf ully burye him ; and thenne thinkithe to live hei^ in this 
worlde as wel as ye may, and by good counsaiH to gouerne your 
Empir*, for elle** hit wolle tome yow to grete harme and vnprofite." 
thenne, shortly to sey, they sesyd of wepyng, and hijd to the 
casteH, wher as was the dede bodye ; and fere she Enterid in to 
the halla And whenne she sawe the dede bodye lye in the bet', 
she cracchid hir yen) & hir visage, tiUe the blode shadde ; & thoo 
she felle downe vpon) the dede body, & kiste him in aH places, from) 
the crowne of the hede to the soole of the fete, whenne knyjte^ 
sawe hir make swiche sorowe, they drowhe hir fro the bei', & ladde 
hir to chaumbi', & stillid hir sorowe in al that thei coude ; and in 
the thirde day folowing thei Eeuerently buried him. and the lady 
gouemed the Empire with coimseiH of wise men). In that tyme 
fere was a grete Duke, that neuer had wyf, and he was but yonge ; 
& whenne he harde telle that the Emp^rour was dede, and that alio 
the Empire was by lyne, of heritage in the hondis of the Emp^esse, 
he thowte to him selfe, " that I wei' faire a-vauncid, yf that I myght 
gete that damiseH ^vnto my wyf." A-noon) he sent messagers to 

> creteyn^, MS. ' eleyne, MS. ' leaf 195, col. 1. 


Lir, for to wyte yf Lit wer* plesing to hir to be his wyf ; and the 
Emperesse sent worde a-yene to him, that she wolde not assent to 
hiyw, ne to noon) opere, as by weye of matrimony^, & that she swox^. 
whenne the Duke hadde this aunswei^, he had grete indignacion) ; & 
ordeynid an oste, and yaf bataiH so soi' ayenste hir, that he hadde 
gete al hir sitees, exce'pte on), withe a castelle, to whiche she fledde. 
And thenne the duke besegid long this castelle. And as thei wei^ 
thus in segeing, the towne that was I-caste in to the see withe the 
childe, was driven) withe flodes vp and downe, hidir & thidir, tille 
It come to a certen) citee. And the kynge of that citee was that 
same tyme in the citee ; and happid that he walkid aftir myd-daye 
besyde the see; and as he lokid toward the wat^, he sawe the 
tonne ; and he made shipmeh) to be callid, & he chargid hem, that 
thei shulde goo, and fecche to him fat tonne. Thenne said fei, 
" Sir, that wei* a veyne labour©, for hit is a woyde tonne, caste oute 
vrith sum men) fro sum shippe." ''What [of] that,'* quod the kynge, 
" thowhe hit be voyde, yit wolle I have hit." whenne thei harde 
that, fey enterid in to the see, & browte the toune to londe. They 
openid hit, and sawe ther in) a £&ire childe in a cradille ; and thenne 
the kynge and that wei' abowte m^rveilid hilicbe ]>^x)f ; & the kyng 
saide^ ** this cradill is keuerid VFiih purpure and bisse ; hit may not 
be but fat be is comyn) of grete blode." And anoon) he arerid vp 
the childe witiL his owne hondis, & there he fonde the litle tablis, 
that the mod^ hadde putte vnder his boson) ; & he openid hem)^ 
and Eadde, fat fe chylde was by-gete bitwene hrofer & suster, & 
that it was not baptisid ; & he Eadde, that the modir praid him. 
that shulde fynde hi^n, to make him to be baptisid, for the love of 
god. & then) he fonde at his hede a summe of golde, that he my3t 
be founde to scole withe, and a nofere sum of siluer at his fete, wher 
with he myght be norishid. whenne the kynge hadde Bedde alle 
this, he was gladde, & made the childe to be baptisid^ ; & he yafe 
to him his owne name, sctX FreudrictM ; and he toke hit to one of 
his knyjtetf to be norishid. And the kny^te Kesseyuid the childe, 
& norishid him ; and fe chylde grewe, Ss was welbelouid amonge 
aUe men). And wheiine he was of sufficient age, he was sette to 

* baptimidtf, MS, 


scole ; an() whenne he was of the age of x. yeei', he ysid iuBtes & 
tumeajnentes ; ^an<} euer he trowi() that he was the Sonne of the 
knj^t. and in a ceiteii) day, as he lustid with a sone of the kny3te«, 
he caste him downe of his horse mj3ttef ully ; and whenne the mod^r 
of ]»e kny^te^ sone harde that. She was hili hevied, and saide to 
freudricus,* " Sey, boy, how dorst Jk)w be so hardy to smyte downe 
so my Sonne ? we knowe the not, we not whens thow ert, but that 
thow.wei' fonnden) in a toune, in pe see." Thenne whenne freudricus 
harde thes wordes, he was not a litle storid in spirit, and saide to 
hir, "Dei* modir, and am I not thi soneV "I telle the certeynli," 
quod she, " hei^ is noon) ])at knowithe the, ne of what kynne thow 
come." ]}enne the yonge childe wepte sooi*, & yede to the kynge 
withe an hevie cheer^, and told him alle how that she saide to him. 
And ^en) he saide, " my worshipfulle lorde, I trowid pat I hadde 
bene the sone of the kny^t, and now I see wel it is not so ; and 
Jtfre foi*, sir, I praye yowe, sithe I was norishid by yow, that ye wolle 
make me a knyjt, for in this Reme I shalle no lenger abide." Thenne 
saide the kynge, " speke no swiche wordes ; I have hei* a dowjter, 
the whiche is heyre of my kyngedome, and hir I wolle yeve the to 
wyfe, yf thowe wolte abyde withe me." penne saide he, "god 
forbede, my lorde, that I do soo, For noon) knowithe what I am, ne 
who is my fad^r, or who is my mod^; and Jerefor I pray yow 
hertely, that ye wolle avaunce me to kny3thode, for I wolle goo [to] 
the holy londe." And when) he hadde saide so, the kynge yede, & 
openid his cofir, wher the tables wei* that he fonde, and the cradille ; 
and he yaf hem to him, and saide, " sone, thow art lettered, loke, 
and rede thes le^eres." And whenne he hadde redde how he was 
getin) hi twene the hroper^ & pe suster, he cride with an hie yoyse, 
and seide, " AUas ! for nowe I see wel that I was goton) and bioute 
forthe a yene the wille of god, in ane Orible synne, bo^ in the sy^t 
of god, of man, & of angel. A I goode lorde, helpe that I wer^ a 
knyjt, for I wolle now ^bowte the wordle, for the synne of my 
fadris." The kynge made him knyjt ; and thenne he hind a shippe 
to passe the water towarde the holy londe. And a grete wynde Rob 
vp, & browte the shippe to the havene of the citee wher as dwelta 

* leaf 196, ool. 2. ' freadrico, MS. 


his modi^, but what citee or' what kyngdom) it was, he know not. 
Ancl wheiine he was in the citee, his squiei' 803te an host, for swiche 
*a worthi kny^t to be eside ynne ; and whenne a certeyn) burgeys of 
the citee sawe him, seminge so dowty a knyght, he grauntidf to him 
hostage. & whenne they hadde I-soupiJ, freudrict« seyde to the 
burgeyse, "what citee is this, and who is lorde thereof?" thenne 
saide he, " This is the [citee] of the Emperoure, that yede oonys to 
the holye londe, & ]>ere he dide ; and thenne become the Empire 
into the hondes of his sist^, by line of heritage ; and ^erelof per is 
a duke a1gate« that wold have hir to wyfe, and she wolde not consente 
to him by no waye ; & fereioi^ he hathe conquerid al the Empire 
by his swerde, excepte this citee, withe The casteH, in the whiche 
casteli dwellithe the Emperesse." thenne spake the yonge kny3t to 
the burgeyse, & saide to him, " Deei' sir, I pray the hertely to go in 
myn Erond, bcU. to go to ^e master of the casteU, and saye to him, 
that yf he wolle yeve to me eny wage^, I shalle fight for yowe al the 
hole yei'." And whenne the burgeys had hard ^es wordes, he was 
glad and locounde, & seide, " I am certein) that he wolle be Eight 
blithe, & glad of thi comynge." and he yede to that master of the 
castdi, & saide, " sir, hei' is in this sitee a semly yonge kny^te, that 
was gestenid wt't/t me in myh) house al this nyjt ; and he wolle ^^t 
for yow alle this yei', yf ye wolle yeve to him competente salary e.'* 
]?enne seyde he, '* Anoon) brynge him to me, Fo[r] I wolde ful gladly 
fat we hadde many Swiche." The knyjt com to him ; & ]>e stiwarde 
was pere of wel apayde, and saide to him, " sir, yf pan wolt fi3te for 
pe Empyi' & vs, & abyde with ys, I shalle go for ]>e to the lady, & 
sey ^yne erande, that thowe shalte have fj wyUe." Aftir this, he 
yede to the lady, & tolde hir of this kny^t. " bringe him hedir," 
quod she, " & late me see him ; & yf he wolle fi^te for vs, he shalle 
not fayle of good mode." Jpenne ye stiward browte him afoi' hire, 
whenne the ladye pei'ceyvid him, she caste hir yen) mervelovslye 
vppoh) his pe?'8one, ne])eles she hadde no knowleche that he was 
h[i]r sone ; and she made covenant "with him, that he shulde abide 
withe hir a yeei', & fy^t for hir, & for ]>e Right of the Empire, 
ayenste the duke. Anoon) the kny3t be ganne to Reyse batail, & to 

' leaf 195, back, col. 1. 

OKSTA. 17 

258 LXI. THB LSOBKD OF POPE 0REa0B7. 8T0RT. HARL, 7333. 

Bide tbopow the Empire; and? wtenne the duke hard that, he 
gaderid an) hoste, andf helde batail a-yenste him. Bat^ the kny3t 
bare him dowtily in the bataiH, and ouercome the duke ; and or the 
yeeris Ende come oute, he wanne a-yene *alle the londes, and citees, 
& castelk*, that were lost by the duke. And whenne the yei' was 
endid, he saide to the Stiwarde, " sir, now is my tyme done, & fere- 
fore I wolde have my salari ; for ye wote in what kynne state I 
fonde yowe, & how that I have labourid for yowe, & for the ryght 
of youi* Empire, and Jjerfor* yevithe to me that ye hi3t me, and thenne 
I woUe forthe in to anoj^er contree, and gete me a name." ))enne 
saide the stiwarde to him a-yeue, ** thow hast deliumd this Empire 
welle and stronglye fro oure Enmyes, and haste deservid goode mede; 
I woUe goo to the ladye, & se what she wolle seye fere to." he 
yede in to the chaumbi', & knelid dovn), and salusid hir, and said, 
" worshipfuH lady, hei^ my wordes. ye knowe wel that ye had loste 
alle the Empii^, the which this man) bathe wonne a-yene, and now 
he askithe his mede ; and ferefor, lady, Eewardithe him wel, and 
not but y£ he bathe deseruid hit weli'." ]?enne saide the lady, '' telle 
me what is ]>i counseiU that I yeve him, & he shaH have hit." 
" lady," quod the stivrarde, " yf ye wolde do aftir my cotinseiH, hit 
shulde tame vs alle to grete profyte & worshipe ; for the man that 
fovi woldest not take we alle have su£ferid grete harme, and thow 
haddist loste alle thyne Empire ; and fetiore I wolde counsaile J^e^ 
that thow take to thyne bosbonde the yonge kny^t, for be is semlye, 
& wel I-shape and perto gentil, & strongs in bataille." ]?enne saide 
she, '^&ji hit be youre counseiti', I am Kedy to fulfille hit." thenne 
this stiward was glad I-nowe, and yede oute to f e kny3t, and tolde 
him, that bit was plesynge to the lady to have him to busbonde ; & 
shortly to sey, tbei wei' weddid to-gedi^. & at hir fest wei' alle 
lordes & ladijs of the Empii^, and alle tbei wei' contente of this 
marii^e, because that he so deliuerlye & worthely deliuerid hem fro 
bir thraldom). And aftir the makynge of this matrimonye, ]»ey lovid 
to*geder moi' thanne eny man canne seye. but the knyjt vsid' 
enery daye, whenne he shulde goo to mete, to entre in to a pnve 
cbaumbi*, wher »s be bad leyde pe litle tablis ^t wei* withe him in 

> that^ MS. * leaf 195, back, col. 2. * yusidtf, MS. 


the cradiUe; and thenne he wolde opynjie hem, anci lede the 
scripture of them, howe that he was begotin) bitwene broj^^re & 
BUBter ; and thenne he wolde falle to the grounde, and soi^ wepe ; & 
thenne he wolde washe his face, & come in to the halle, and shew 
per a good murje chere. And he was I-lovid of att peple, for that 
he bai' him so welle in alle his werkes; and ther was ^noon) 
Emperouie knowyn) afore him, that ea^re govemid the Empire so 
weL Happyng in a day, as he Rode on) huntynge, that ther come a 
damiseH of the palays to the lady the Emp^resse, and saide to nir, 
" my lady, hast thow not Offend my lorde J>e Emperottr ] " " No, 
for sothe," quod the lady, " for ther is nothinge vndir hevene that I 
Irve so moche, and fore love I toke him, and made him my lorde ; 
but I wolde wete whi that thow spekist soo 1 " ** For sothe," quod 
she, ** for euery day afoi' mete, whenne the hordes ei' sette and made 
redye, The Emperoure gothe into swiche a chaumbi' glad I-nowe, 
but when) he comythe oute, al his visage is wepingly ; and thenne 
he wasshithe hit^ that the wepinge be not I-seene. And this I have 
ofte tyme I-seyne, but I note what is the cause." Thenne when) the 
Emperesse had harde this, she enterid into that chaumbei', and 
sowte a-bowte frome hole to hole, to loke what she myght fynde 
pere'y and at the laste she fonde in an hole ij. tables; and she 
openid hem, and Radde the scripture that she hade wreten) withe 
hir owne hondes. And thenne she saide to hir selfe, " how shulde 
eu«r thes tablis come to my lorde, but yf that he wei^ my sone 1 
Owte, alias 1 for synne, that euere I was I-bor^, for I have weddid 
myh) owne sone ! " she felle downe to the grounde, gelling & criyuge, 
that hit was sorow to hei^. kny^tes that wei^ in the halle harde hir 
voyse, and Eanne to hir, and askid hir what was the cause of hir 
criing. " A ! deei^ and gentille kny^tw," quod she, " I am a lost 
womman but I see my lorde the sonner/' A-noon) thei sente to ]>e 
forest, and tolde hit to the Emperoure ; & saide he most leve his 
playe, and come home, in aH the hast that myte be. And so he 
dude ; withe a grete hevines he lefte his playe, & come home, he 
wente in to the chaumbr', & spirid of the ladye what was the cause 
of hir momynge. tlienne she saide, " I wolle ]>at alle that bu)) heei' 

* leaf 196, col. 1. 


iviihe Ys go from) vs or I telle it the, for hit is a prevy case that T 
have to seye to the." And thenne she seide, '' sir, I have made a 
Towe to god, that I shaU not passe this hedde, tU tyme that thowe 
telle me in what contre that thowe were I-hore." J^enne saide he^ 
" Dei' lady, whi spekist thowe sweche wordes 1 ne]?eles, yf I shaH 
sey the 8o])e, I note in what kyngdom) or contra that I was home." 
Thenne saide she, ^' I have also made Anoper vowe, and for to wete 
or ever I^ Ete mete, who was thi fadei' & thi modcrl" Thenne 
aanswerid he, " This canne I telle, that whanne I was a fantekyn), I 
was fonde in a tonne, in a cradyl w/tAin) ^hit ; & fino that tyme I 
have [hene] norisshid, noried, norturid, and tau3te in the same 
contre ; and, lady, moi' canne I not telle yow.'' whenne the Empreis 
hadde harde thes wordes, she drowe oute at hir hosome the tahles 
that she fonde, & saide to him, *' Sawe ye nener thes tahles, the 
whiche I put wttA the in thi cradil, withe myn) owne hondesV 
And whenne the Emperouie herde thes wordes, he felle downe on) a 
swoune oh) oo syde, and the lady in A-noper ; and bothe thei wepte 
soi', and Eente hir clothis for sorowe, and worde myjte nowper of 
hem speke. And whenne the sorow was somwhat shaken) of, ]>enne 
saide she to the 'Emperour^ ** A ! sone myne, alias ! that euer I was 
borne, and woo worthe the oure that ener I was made in ! Out, 
alias ! for lo I my sone, & sone of my hropere, is nowe my hushonde. 
lo ! in how many cheynis that pe devil hathe I-teyde me Inne ! " 
And thenne saide he, ''A ! dei' modir, ho]>e modir & wyf ; alias & 
wo be to me, wrecche, that so many wrecchidnessis bej^e in mel 
lorde, that I ne hadde be dreint, whenne thow casiist me iii to the 
see ! A ! lorde go<>, what sorowe wei' I worthi to have, that have 
-weddid ! lorde, yf my synnys wei* weyde, bi the whiche I have 
servid thi wrethe ; si]>en) thow thi selfe [hast saide,] Filiua rum por- 
tahit iniguitatem patris, The sone shalle not bei^ the wickidnesse of 
the fadir. but I may not be Excusid, for my lyf is endid in wickid- 
nesse. Alias i therfor, that euer I were' bred I " And thenne saide 
she, *' Dere sone, sette thin) hope in thi lorde god, for he woUe not 
foi>eake the synner in nede. late vs be contrite, confessid, & cot??- 
munid ; and aftiV that we have Reseyvid oure lorde, late god do his 

' or every, MS. • leaf IM, col. 2. • wanl/», MS. 


wille." The Empgroure sent aftir a prest, an<} they wei* bothe 
shriven at him. And whenne thei wei^ bothe confessid, & contrite, 
J?e modir aaide to the body of Crist in thes wordes, " A ! lorde god, 
}owe )>at sufferidest passion) for me in the cros, and that now liest 
ypon) the patene of the chaliB, in forme of brede, have mercy of my 
swete sone, husbonde, & cosyn), for thi grete mercy, that he may be 
clene of his synnys, and yelde to the a faire soule, withe a gladnesse, 
in to thi dwellynge place that is eue^mor' lastyng/' Thei]) saide the 
Emperoure, " A ! goode lorde, that bovtiste me in the crosse, have 
mercy of my modir in )>is nede, as fon Entredist in to the worlde for 
love of synnerys, and not for Eightwysmen, & for hem shadist thi 
presious blode ; and, gracious lorde, for-yeve al that euere she hathe 
trespassid vnto the, and take her sprite, and brynge hit to thin) 
Endles loye.. Amen ! " And thenne, whenne alle this was seide, the 
body of Crist liyng vpoii) the awter, seyde^ -mth an) hihe voyse, " I 
made yowe of ^noute ; I have take youre contricion) & confession) ; I 
for yeve yow fully your synnis ; I Eesseyve [yow] fro hens forwarde 
to my loye ; and J?is day & eueremore I shalle dwelle vrith yowe." 
And when) thei harde thes wordes, thei fille downe to the grounde, 
and openid hir mouthis to Besceyve the body of Criste ; and pere 
thei Resseyvid hit, and yelde hir soulis to god, and maried in at the 
yateff of hevene. 


DEre frendis, now takithe hede to me. This Emperoure is the 
fadli' of hevene, whiche hathe only oo sone, and oo doi^ter' 
glorious, havyng angelis kynde and mankynde; but the 
hro^ere filid the suster, ticH. the devil deceyvid the firste fadir Adam), 
& made him withe childe, — how so 1 for alle mankynd spronge of 
him. ])e sone yede oute of the Empii', whenne that lucifere felle 
downe from) hevene, & he dide, whenne that he loste the lyf of 
euere lastyng blisse. the kny3t, that norisshed fe suster, was moyses, 
that hield the olde lawe, bi teching of the whiche lawe he norisshed 
the peple pat wei' that tyme. And the ladye chyldid in keping of 
the knyjte, acil. browte forthe our kynde, in tyme of the olde lawe, 
a childe, bcU. Crist, of the vir^gine marie, of the seed of dauid of the 

» syde, MS. * leaf 196, back, col. 1. " is duo3ter, MS. 


znodir syde, anc) conseyyic) by the holj goste, and putte in the 
cradilley lappid withe clothis. tablis wei' Lputte in the ciadil, acil. 
tiesouis of wisdom) & of connynge ; and he was I-putte in the tonne 
of the godhede. the siluer & ^e golde that wei^ in the cradiH, was 
the power' of the fadir, & wisdom) of the jsone. he was I-caste into 
the see^ 6ciL in to this worlde, wher he levid moi' |)anne gritty yei^ 
in poverte, Hke to the flood of the see, foi [he] was cast in tribulacion). 
The knyjt, that toke him to be norisshed, is the holye goijte, the 
wliiche descendid in likenesse of a dove ; and lohn baptiste baptisid 
hem withe his owne hondes, & he yaf him to the kny^te, bcU. to the 
godhede, to be noiisshed, whenne [he] saide, Ecce ! Agnus del t lo ! 
|)e lambe of god ! Qui post me venitj ante me fwdus est, cuixia non 
sum diffnuB caldamenta solvere, He that comithe aftii me, was I-made 
afoi' me, of whom I am not worthi to ynloos his shone. Afbirward 
the sone was I-made a kny^t, whenne ^he biganne to preche at xxx^. 
yeei^ the sone of the kny^t accusid him to pilate, seinge, Hie 
sedudt poi^xdum dei, [et Filium Dei] se dicit, J}es desceyvithe the 
peple, and clepithe him the sone of god. And ferefot sone after he 
yede, and fawte aryenste the duke, scU, }e devil, and he ouercome 
him, and wan) the Empii' of hevene ; and so he weddid his owne 
moder, acil, holye chirche, the whiche is onre gostlye mod&r. The 
Emp6}X)ure yede to him what tyme that Ciyste prechid of the tree 
of hevene ; and fcrfore iewes and paynymis wolde have slayne him. 
And f erefore holye chirche, in man^ of sorowing, syngithe in tyme 
of the passion), Vexilla^ regis prodeunt, J}e baneis of the kynge 
shewithe oute. And she fonde the writen) tables, Bcil. his passion), 
clerly y-now made by the ii^'. Euaungeliste^ ; and ther foi' she 
sorowithe, that the Innocent shold be slayne withe oute synne j as 
holye writte seithe, Non Est inventus dolus in ore Eius, vt ipae pro 
nobis mori deberet, ])ere was I-founde no falshede or gyle in his 
mothe, that he shulde deye for vs. And ^refore Eche man) owithe 
to sorowe for his synnys. The prest brake the body of Griste in 
twoo, acil. Crist, whenne he made [a feste] to his disciplis. j)e lady 
felle downe as dede, whenne that Criste seyde, Tristis est anima mea 
veqne ad mortem ; Pater, si possibUe est, transeat^ a me ealix iste, 

* leaf 196, back, col. 2. ' Yexilia, MS. * translate Ma 

LXII. THB GUARDIAN Ss HIS WARD. 8T0RT. HL, 7ZS8, & ADD, 9060. 26? 

My soole is hevy or soiye vnto the detbe > fadir, yf it be possible, 
lat ]>is cbalys go or passe fro me. And be saide opinlye to bis 
disciples, hoc Est corpus meum ; hoc facite in meam conmemoracionem^ 
This is to seye, tbis is my body ; tbis do)>e into my mynde. And 
so ecbe of vs owitbe to do, to ete and to Heceyve the body of Crist, 
in swicbe dene lyfe, tbat we mowe entre into pe tabernacles euer- 
lastynge. Amen 1 

[ LXII. ] 

(how a guardian rboovsrbd his ward who had bben lost.) 

POlemius was a wise Emp^roure Eeignynge in tbe sitee of 
Rome, J>e wicbe weddid to wyve f e dowter of tbe kyng of 
tunyke ; & fe womman) was fau*, & gentiU in sbape ; and 
sbe conseyuid & bare a faire sone. And wbenne lordes barde bei' 
of, yej come Ecboh) aftir opere to tbe Emp^onre, and askid of bim 
tbe cbilde to norisbe. And tbenne tbe Emp^otire seide to bem, 
" to-morow sball be [a] turnament, and wbo so of yow wynnije fere 
pe victory, be sballe bave my sone in bis gouemayle, yndir tbis 
conducion), fat if be goneme ^ wele my sone, I sball bigbly ayaimce 
bim, and if be do not, be sbalbe sbamely sbent.** " sir," quod tbei, 
"tliis liketb wele to vs." So tbe tbridde day sB. were in tbe 

* leaf 197, col. 1. 

[Second Version. Addit, MS, 9066, leaf 45, back.^ 


POlemyus^ in tbe citee of Rome reigned, a fuH wise man, that 
toke to wyf tbe kynges dougbtir of Trunce, tbat Vas a faire 
woman; tbe wbiche^ conseyved, and bad a faire sone. 
IT Tbat herd tbe wise men, and went to tbe Emp^rour, and' ecbe 
by bem self* asked tbe child to norissb. V be saic^ " to-morow 
siiaH be a turnement, and ye shuH att be there ; and wbo so dothe 
best amonge^ you shall ^ have tbe yictorie, and^ sbsdi bare my sone 
to norissb, vndir tbis forme, Tbat [if ^] he norissb wele my sone, 
and he^ shall be promoted to grete dignyte, or els I shall condempne 
hym to the most foule detbe." IT " ! sir," said the knygbtes, 
" this liketb vs wele."* and on the morow tliei were aH gadred in^ 

' Remulus. * Otn. * Om, * of. ^ and shalle. ' he. 
^ Supplied from C. " and he, MS. • to. 

2G4 LXII. THE GUaRCIAN & HIS WARD. StOBT. HI. 7333, & ADD. 9086. 

tumeament, & pleid ; & among a& othir thei' was a noble knygfit, 
and a hardy, namyd losias, and lie gate the victory. & ferfoTe he 
toke the childl, & bare him with him, & sent messangers home afore 
to his casteH, for to make ati clene, both ynwardi and outewar<$, and 
also a bed in myddis of pe place, for the child. & he ordeine<) also 
vij. craftis y-peynt^ in the entent ])at the childe my^te, 
what tyme that he sholde be wakyd, beholde the craftis, and the 
Eiatt payntynge yn hem, and haue delectacion) in hem. 'Now beside 
]7e bed of the childe was a weH, and ouer the weH was a wyndowe, 
by the which light come yn ; and a man was assigned to kepe the 
key of the dor' of that house. But it happyd in a tyme, ^at ^e lady 
lefte J?e dor', of negligence ; and whan f e dore was y-lefte opyn), ther 
come a beer', and entryd in to ^e well', and bathid hym in it, j>OT^ 
whom att the water was infecte with venym), and then he ^ede his 
way. Anoon after come the lord and the lady, and dronke of the 
water, and after hem come all hir' meyne, and dronke of the same, 
for grete hete of the ^ere; and as many as dronke per of were 

[Second Version. Addit. MS. 9066.] 

the turnement, and plaied. and there was one^ worthy knyght 
amonge hem, that had the victorie, whos name was losias. anon)^ 
he toke the child, and ledde it with hym; and sent messangers 
before hym' to his casteH, and did make all clene with in and with 
out, and for to array the bedde of the childe, in the myddes. he* 
did paynte the* vij. artes aboute the bed, so that whan the child 
^was waked from® slepe, he myght se the vij. artes, and have delite 
in hem. H This knyght than^ had a vertuous welle beside ^his 
bedde,^ in the whiche welle the child was wont to be bathed. 
^ Aboue this welle alone ^ was a wyndow, by the whiche the sonne 
shone in ; and one was assigned to kepe the kaye of the welle, and 
that was the knyghte^ wyf*. H It happed ones, that the lady lefte 
the dore open, 'and a Bere wente in,^® and bathed hym^^ in the welle, 
of whos bathyng ^^bR the watir was enfecte with venyme. whan the 
Bere had done, he wente his way ; and sone af tir come the lord and 
the lady, and dronken) bothe of the watir,^* and went out. and^* aftir 
hem tasted of the watir aH the meyne, for the weddir was bote ; 
wherfore alle that dronken) of the watir were made lepers, as wele 

■ a. • And anone. *• Om. * And he. • Om, • were wakenyd fro, 

' Om. " the bedde of the childe. • there. 

'^ Ther was a bere that saw the dore opyn«, and went hym in. " Om, 

" leaf 46. '' welle. » Om. 

LXIL THE ODARDIAN & HIS WARD. 8T0RT. BL. 7933, & ADD, 906e. 265 

y-maad lepiemeh), aciL bot& the lord and ^e lady, and aH that othir 
meyne. And sone aftir ther come in at the wyndowe a gret Egle, 
and tooke the chM oute of his becl, and fly his way. And whan 
the kny3t hadde perceyvyd that, he bitterly wepte, and saide, 
" Alias ! that euer I was home, for nowe I am but ded, witt my 
wife and aH my meyne ! ** And as he was in such care and sorowe, 
far com to him a lech, and saide, " Do aftir my conseil, and ^u 
shalt be hole. Thow most be latyn) blode, with thi wife, and idi 
thyne meyne ; and after thowe most be bathid ; and thenne I shall 
leye a medecyn) to the ; and thenne, whan fo\x art hole, fon shalt 
go by downys and by dalys, vfith all thy meyne, for to seke fe 
childe, for it may not be but ^at ])e Egle hath late him faH in some 
place." And the kny^t wT03te in idi thes thinges, right* as the leche 
told him j and when he vsyd his medecyn), after that pel wei' latyn) 
blode, he was, with aH his meyne, clensyd of the lepre. And then 
he roode on his palfray, and tooke iii. sqwyerys with him, and 
solute ^e childe ; and at )>e last they founde ^e childe in a yaley. 
And thenne the knyjt was so mury in herte, that per cowth no man 

[Second Version. Addit MS, 9066.] 

the lord as the lady, and aH other, never the lesse the lepre 
appered not anon). IT But sone aftir entred a grete Egle by the 
wyndow, and^ toke away his child out of his bedde, and bare it 
awaye with hym. and whan the knyght perseived this, he wepte 
bitterly, and said, *' Alias ! alias I whi was I born) 1 I am the sone 
of* dethe, and a lepre, and my wyf also, and aH my meyne ! " and 
whan he was thus in this^ grete hevynesse and desolacion), there 
come to hym a leche, and said, ''IT Do' aftir my counsaile, and after 
thou shalt not for-thynk^ the dede. first thou shalt be lette blood, 
with thi wyf, and aH thi meyne, and be bathed ; and than shaH I 
laye to medecynes.* and afterward, Vhan thou art hole,* thou shalt 
go by hilles and dales, with aH thi meyne, for to seke the child ; for 
it may not be but that the^ Egle hathe lette the child in some place 
falle from hym." IT The knyght wrought in aH thyng ^by the 
counsaile of the leche ^; and whan he had take medecyne after ^ 
bledyng, he was made clene of aH his lepre, and his wyf, and aH his 
meyne. IT Than he went vpon his stede, with iij. squyers, for to 
seke the child, and in a yaley e® he found the child hole and 
sounde ; the whiche was more glad of the fyndyng ^an hort may 

* An 1 an egle. * his. * " A 1 do. * other medyoynes. ' On^ 
• Om. ' Om. ■ after hia. » vale. 

266 LZII. THB aUABDIAN & HIS WA&D. MORILTTB. ffX. 7333, & ^D. 9060. 

telle it, and in his gret ioy he maade a grete fest, and ^eo he hrou^t 
the childe to the Emperour, his fadir. And whenne j>Q Emp^oor 
sawe his childe in good helthe, and in goode state, he commend id 
hyely the kny3t, and avauncyd him to hye dignite, and a faiie lyfe 
he endyd. 


Deere fiendis, fis Emperour is the Fadir of Hevene. The 
childe is our lord ihe^u crista whom manye desiiit^ for to 
norish, whenne that they Receyvid hii* comunynge ; but he 
that pleyith best, ecil, doith most penaunce, or best ou6rcomit& pe 
deviH, he shaH haue the childe ihesvL in his hous, sciX in his herte. 
the kny^t, that tooke ]>e childe, is a goode cristyn) man), that wele 
blessidly hath fast aH the quadragesme. And perfoi do as dude ])e 
kny^t, 8ciL send afore the messagers, scil, merytorj werkys, to J?e 
casteH of thyne hert, and it [shalle] be clansid fro aH spottys of 
synne ; and so the child ihesa shati lygge in the myddys of thyne 
harte. The weti is mercy, the which owilfi eucr to be beside ihesu, 
for he that is withoute mercy and charite, he may not norissh ihem. 
But then ofte tyme pe wife, bciL pB flessh^ berith the key of charite, 

1 leaf 197, ool. 2. 

[Sea)7id Version, Addit MS, 9066.] 

thynk*, and for grete ^ ioye he made a grete fest, and so he ledde the 
child to the Emperour. H whan the Emperour saw the child, he 
was right glad, and promoted the knyght to grete thynges ; and so^ , 
ended his lyf in pease. 

V Declaraoio. This Empe?'our, frendes, is the Fadir of heveh). 
the child is our lord Ihesu crist, the whiche many desire for to 
norissh, and namly in Esteme tyme, whan the! have resceived 
contricion). Neverthelesse he that beres hym in the tumement, that 
is, he that dothe best penaunce, and over-cometh the deveH, shaH 
have the child Ihesu to norissh. IF The knyght, that resceived the 
child, is a good cristen) man, that wele and holely hathe fasted i^ 
lenton). therfor do thou as the knyght did ; send for messangers, 
tho be meritorie werkes, vnto the casteH of thyii) hert, that it be 
clensed of i^ spottes of synne ; and so the child Ihesu shafi lye in 
the myddes of thyri). hert. H The welle is mercy, that oweth to be 
beside ^the child Ihesu; for he that is with oute mercy and 
chaiitee, shsdi not norissh the child Ihesu. IT But ofte sitJie the 

> Om, ' Ofn. ' leaf 46, back. 


and leyitti tho dooi> opyn), bj ^ whicfi a bei* entrytfe,i sct7. J)e 
deviHy and puttit^ yenym) of syniie in the weH of* mercy; and 
]>erfore the wife, bciL the flesche or Eeseii), and ati membriB that 
mynystrys to the venym) of eynne, ben infecte. The wyndowe at fe 
which enteiitil lighte, is the grace of the holy gost, by pe which a 
man) levith, and is confortyd; and by thia wyndowe enteiitil an 
E^le, BcU. the power of god, which berith away ihe^u fro thyn) hart. 
And, sir, if it be come to this poynt, pou. hast gret cause to sorowe, 
as dude }e kny^te. But what shalt po\x do perfoie 1 Certenly send 
aftir a sotiH leche, bcU. a discrete confessour^ }>e which shati ^ive to 
]>e good conseiH, that pon and thyne meyne be l&tjid blood, acil, ^at 
fou leeve all thy synne, by the vayne of the tunge, bifor' J)i 
confessoi^r ; and ))enne that fou. be bathid by teeris of compunccion) 
and contricion) ; and ])enne ]>ou my^te receyye medicyn) of satisfaccioii) ; 
and thenne pon shalt be clansyd fro afi synfuH lepi' ; and then leepe 
vpon) the palfray of goode life, with iij. sqwyers, sciL fastyng*, 
prayng<, and almysded. And if poM do thus, with oute dowte poM 

' entryd^, MS. 

[Second Version. Addit. MS. 9066.] 

wyf*, that is, the fles^, that bereth the keye of chastite, levethe^ 
the dore open), by the whiche ofte sithe the Bere entrethe, that is, 
the deveH, and puttithe venyme in the welle of mercy ; and therfore 
the.husbond and the wyf*, that is, the flessh, and reson), and all the 
membres, that tasten) of that venyme of synne, are enfected, and 
made lepres. IT And the wyndow, by the whiche the light entred, 
is the grace of the holy gost, by the whiche a man liveth gostly, 
and is comforted. IT By this wyndow entreth an Egle, that is, the 
myght of god, that taketh away the child Ihesu out of thyn) hert ; 
and so bathe man grete herte and matir of sorowyng. what is than 
for to do ] IT For sothe for to send aftir a soteH leche, that is, a 
discrete confessour, that shaft yeve the counsaile for to blede, and 
all thy meyne, that is, that thou put out alle thi synne by the vayne 
of thi tonge before thi confessour ; and than shalt thou be bathed 
by teres of confession), conpunccion), and contriccion) ; and after that 
thou shalt have a liteH medecyne of satisfaccion), and so thou shalt 
be made hole fro aH spices of the lepre of synne. IT Than assend 
vp on the stede of good lyf*, with iij. Squyers, that is, fastynge, 
praiyng, and almesse-dede ; and yf thou do thus, with outen doute 

1 that leveifae, MS. 

268 LXIIL god's VENGEANCE SURfiLT OOMSS. STOBT. ££. 7338 £^i>. 0060. 

sbalt ^fynde the cliilde ihesn in the valey, acil. in mankjnde, anci 
not in an hille, Bcil. in pryde ; and thenne pon may norissti pe childe 
in a dewe man^r ; for norisshing* of whom the Fadir of hevene ehs^ 
avaunce the in his kjngdom) euarlastyng*. Ad qtiod perducat omnia 
bona eoncedensi Amen. 

[ LXIIL ] 

(how a knight who had murdered an BARL for his MONET 


Theobaldus regnyd Emperouf in fe cite of Rome; and he 
ordenyd for a lawe, that no man, in payne of deth, sholde 
wedde ony woman) for hire faimesse, but for hire Eichesse ; 
and also, if that the woman) were Eich, and he pooi^, he ordenyd ]>>it 
^e womaii) shulci not take hym, but if he wei^ as rich as she. So per 
was in ^e Empire a gentiH kny3t, but he was poor', and he hadde no 
wife; and pertore he sought abowte fro kyngdom) to kyngdom) to 
gete him a wife. At the last he mette wit£ a faire semely lady, and 
she was riche^ in possessioo). And ^e kny^t come to hire, and 
saide, " Dame, is it thi wilt to haue me to thyn husbondf f " Thenne 
> leaf 197, back, col. 1. ' rich« riche, MS. 

[Second Version. Addit MS. 9066.] 

thou sbalt wele mow norissh the swete child Ihesu, for the whicli 
norissbyng the Fadir of heven) shaH yeve the ever-lastynge 
kyngdome of heven). to the whiche bryng ys that child Ihe^tia 1 

[ XXXVL leaf 50. ] 

Theobaldus in the Citee of Eome Eeigned, that ordeyned a 
lawe, that no man, on payn) of dethe, shuld wedde a wyf for 
any fairenesse or gentilenesse, but alone ^ for richesse; and yf 
any^ man were poore, and the woman riche, the woman shuld not 
take hym, but' he were as riche as she. H There was that tyme a 
gentile knyght ; but he was poore, and had no wyf". he went by 
dyuerse reames^ and castels, for to fynd a wyf*; atte^ last he founc^ 
a faire lady and a riche, that had right many richesse. V The 
knyght said to her, " ! my dere lady, is it nought* pleasyng to you 
to take me to be^ your husbond, or nought^)" 8he said, "thou 

^ aUe only. ' the. * but if. * regnes. ' and at the. 
• oght ' 0/n» " none. 


she an8weri(), and saide, " Deer^ frend, Jwu knowist pe lawe, paf no 
man shnld take a woman), ne no woman) a man), but if that thei wei^ 
lyke bothe in possession); and Jjcrfore goitfe, and getitfe you as 
moche goode as I haue, and ye shall haue me to yowr wife aH redy." 
Wbenne he had hurde this answei*, he jede fro bire witfe bevy 
cbeere, and hadde grete care by what way fat he myjt geete fat 
goode, to be abiU to wed huie. And at the last he hurde telle, fat 
per was a ricH Erie in fat same contre, f e whicb was blynde alt f e 
tyme of his life; and whenne fe knyjt hurd of him, be fo3te <& 
ymagenydl, how that he mygfit best haue him slayne ; and f «^ore 
be 3ede to bia casteH. but ech day there were certeyne men armyd, 
fro morowe to eve to kepe f is Erie ; and on the ny3t per was a 
certayne bund, that vsid to berke euere, when ony enmy was nye, 
and fat so cruelly, fat noon dorst for him come nye the bed of f e 
Erie ; for he wolde wake the Erie, and witH his berkinge make him 
to knowe f e comyng^ of his enmeys. And thenne f e kny3t saide to 
bim selfe, ** In the day y may not sle f e Erie, for his armyd men, 
neithir in tlie ny3t, for f e bond ; and pertoj^ the best fat is for me, 
is for to kiH the bond, and fenne I shi^ haue my purpose." So it 

-— - I I , , , ■ IM I I II I ^ ^1 IIIH BIM I I - ■ IBM. 

[Second Version. Addit MS, 9066.] 

knowest the lawe. ^he law^ is this^ ordeyne<), that a man shatt 
not take a woman, ne a^ woman a man, but yf thei baue bothe ^ 
goodes like mekelL^ Go therfore, and gete the as many goodes as I 
bave, and than thou shalt have me to wyf*/' he ben} this, and went 
away bevy, and enterly thought how and by what way be might 
gete good. IT Atte^ last he herdi telle, that^ there was a duk* in 
&rre countrees, that was blynd 'fro his birtbe, that^ was right ricbe. 
wban he herd this, he went to his casteH, and thought wi& in hym 
self* how he myght sle the duk<; but on the day men were *aH 
way* redy for^* to kepe the duk*, and on the nygbt be had a liteli 
bounde, fat all way barked whan he herd any noise, in so ^ekeH 
fat^^ no man myglit come to the dukes bedde, but that tbe duk* 
sbuld be wakened ^^ \^y the berkyng of the dogge, and so be^* warned 
of his Enemyes. H whan the knyght sawe this, be said wit& in' 
bym self*, " on a^* day I may not sle hym, for armed men; tbere is 
none other help to me but sle^^ the hound, and fan I hope to 
fulfille my purpose." IT It happed on a nyght, the^* knyght entred 

* am. • thus. » Om, * Om. * myche. • At the. ' Oni. 

• and. • Om. *• Om, " myche- that ther. " warned. 

»• he, MS. " the. ** to Ble. " that the. 


happid in a cartayne nyjt, ]>at ))e kny^t enteryd in to ))e chambir 
preuely of the Erlej and whenne he hurde ^e hond bygynne to 
berke, he shot an arowe in to his bely, and slowe him ; and ^e erle 
trowid, when he hurde no mooi' berking*, ])at ati was in goode pes, 
and slepte a^en. And when ^e knyjt sawe p&t, he drowe out his 
swerdsy and slowe ^e Erie, and tooke aH the goodys away vfitfi him ; 
and went to ^e lady, and saide to liii^, ** nowe, lady, I dai' say yat 
our goodys ben even, pat pon may not excuse ^e, but pat povL may 
take me to husbonc}/' Thenne saide she, " sir, or pon wedde me, I 
woli aske oo thing of pe, thow shalt go to pe sepulcrd of such a 
dede man, and pou. shalt ligge down) beside ^it, to herken what ^ou 
shslt here, and ])enne telle me what povi hast herde." " This shaH I 
do,'' quodf he. He army(} hym, and went to pe sepulcra, and lay 
pe}' all' ny^t ; and abowte mydnyjt he hurd a voys passe iher away, 
seiyng, " A ! erle, what askist povL of me for to do ! " " A ! rightwys 
luge," quo]) the dede, " socour me, for I aske not ellys of pe but 

> leaf 197, back, ool. 2. 

[Second Version, Addit. MS. 9066.] 

the Chambre of the duk* prively, and ^anoii) the dogge began to 
barke.^ Hhe knyght shotte an arow, and ^slow the hound, the 
duk* hen} not the dogge barke, and wende ail: thing ha() ben in 
pease, and slept. The knyght toke his swerc^' and slow^ the 
<lnk* slepyng, and aH his goodes he toke away with hym ; and went 
to the lady, and sai(f , IT O ! my dere lady, now are oure goodes 
even); now is there none excusacion) on thi side, but thou shalt 
take me to thyn) husbonc)." IT She said, " telle me,* how in so 
shorte tyme thou hast goten)* so many goodes 1" he saiti, "I have 
filayn) a duk*, and 'have taken) "^ away his^ goodes." She said, "yit 
oo thyng I wille aske of the, before^ or Hhat ye^^ wedde me. Go 
one^^ nyght to the grave of the dede^^; ^and J?ou shalt lye beside the 
grave, and what thou shalt here there, thou shalt truly telle me.^'" 
The knyght said, " I shaH do that thou desirest." f The knyght 
armed hym, and went to the tombe of the dede man, and there he 
was aH nyght. and at mydnyght there come a voice, and said, 
i[ ! thou duk*, that here lieth,^^ what askest thou of me, that I 
may graunt the ) " he said, ** rightfuH domesmau Crist, graunte me 
my peticioD). I aske of the no thynge but vengeaunce for^^ my 

* the dogge berked not. ' leaf 50, back. ' O/n, * he slew. 

' me that. < gete. ' take. " alle his. * Oni, '** thou. 

" ones to. *• dede man. " Om, '* lycat. " of. 

LXIII. god's VENOEANOB 8URSLT OOKES. 8T0BT. J7L. 7838 &^D. 0066. 271 

veniaunce for my bloode, for JGalsely I am slayne for my gode," 
Thenne saide pQ luge, ''in ^is day xxx^. jere povL shalt fynde 
veniaonce for ^at deede." And wban pe kny^t had hurde ^is, lie 
was hevy, and went to ))6 lady, and tolde hire what he hadde hurde. 
And whenne ^e lady hurde that, she saide, " the tyme of xzx^. jere/' 
qvLOp she, " holdit^ a gret space." And so she grauntyd him, and 
he weddid hure, and levid to-ged^ sB. piB tyme in gret ioy and 
solas. And when ^e tyme of xxx^. jere was come out, the kny3t 
maade a casteli withoute comparison) in strenght ; and in pe doore 
of it he sette thes vers : 

V Bum fcro langorcm, boTo rcligfonte annortm ; 
lExpers lansoriSi non %nm memor f^vius amoris. 
1|ett ! enm langtieibat lupus, agnus esse boUiiat, 
^ostqiMfn conualuit, talis bt ante fuit. 

The exposicion) of theise vers is this. While I suf&e and am in 
sekenesse, I wott lede pe life of religion), and of goode Eule, but 
while I was withoute such thraldom) and sekenesse, not lovid I such 
life ; and so it farith by me as it doith by a wolfe, for whenne she 
is syke, she wold haue ben a lambe. But when she is Eecouery<), she 

[Second Version. Addit MS. 9066.] 

blood, that I am vnrightfully slayn) for my richesse.** IT The voice 
said, " this day xxx. wyntir thou shalt fynde yengeaunce." whan 
the knyght herd this, he was right sory ; and went to the lady, and 
shewed 'to her^ aR that he hade herd. IT The lady, whan she had* 
herd this, she thought with in her self*, that the tyme of xxx. 
wyntir was a good longe space, and assented to have^ the knyght to 
her husbond ; and alle the tyme of xxx. wynter thei lived with loye 
and gladnesse, ^and grete myrthe.* IT Whan the tyme of xxx. 
wyntir come nere, The knyght made a strongo castett, and on the 
dore-*he wrote* openly thise wordes® that folowen). 

IT Cum fero langorcm, frro religionfs amornn ; 
<Szpcr8^ (angorts, non sum mcmor (uius amoris. 
itt I cum langueiat lupus, agnus bt esse boUbat ; 
Sbttf eum conbaluit, qualis bt antt fuit. 

if wise men, whan thei had^ red thise verses, thei mervailed, and 
many saideii), ** we pray the, that thou wilte expowne* to vs the 
cause of this scripture." he said, '' poore I was, and sorow I had 
for my poverte, and therfore I had me in all thynges as a Beligious 

* Om, * Om. * ta';e. * Om. • was wryte. • veraes. 
^ Ex pars MS. * Om. ' expownde. 


is a slirewe as she was before. And whan lordys come fortH by, 
and radde theise veisis, they hadde gret m^rvaile, and praide him 
that he wolde declare and expone tho versys to hem. And thenne 
he saide, ^' I was sometyme poor', and thenne sykenesse tooke me, 
fai for my pooerte and syknesse I was lowe and simpiH, as a 
religious man ; and then afbirward, whan that y was Kekeueryd fro 
my infirmite of pouerte, the mynde . of gocJ passith fro me. And 
also, when y was in my pou^rte, I shewid me to my wife lyke a 
lambe, in tyme of my wowing*, and I lovid hire so moch, that I 
slowe an Erie for his goode, that y my3t wedde hire ; and whan I 
hadde slayne him, y horde a voys sey, that his bloode shulde be 
vengyd J)at day xxx**. jere. And I tolde this to my wife, and jit 
not withstonding* she tooke me to husbond ; and so we haue levid 
euer hidertowardf with loy and prosperite. And no we this day viy. 
days shaH^ be J>e ende of xxx**. jere; and Jjerfore I pray you, be 
with me }>at day at meete, and we shuH preve whethir pe voys saide 
soth or no." And thei grauntyd it to him. So when fe day come, 
ther was ordenyc) a grete fest, and grete multitude of peple was 
ther ; and whan) they were sittinge at mete, and servid with greet 
diuersite of daynteys, ther come in at the wyndowe a brid, colourid 

* ahall^; 8halI^r, MS. 

[Second Verdon. Addit. MS. 9066.] 

man in symplesse; and afterward!, whan I was^ wex hole of the 
sikenesse of poverte, the mynde of god went from me, and for 
sorow of poverte I shewed me^ a meke lambe to my wyf, whan ^I 
wedded her, and was with in a crueH wolf*, and yit I loved her so 
meketi^ for richesse, that I slow the duk* traitoursly. whan this 
was done, 'fro the grave* aboue I herd a voice, that said, "at xxx. 
wyntirs ende the blood of hym that is slayii) shaH be venged." 
and I told my wyf* what the voice said. H Notwithstondyng this, 
she toke me to her husbond, and bothe we ladde our lyf -with ioye. 
but the xviij. day aftir this tyme^ shall ende the tyme of xxx. 
wyntir. H Therfore I pray you att, 'that ye^ be with me in my 
fest." thei said, " We graunte ; and than the voice we shuH prove, 
that spake to the^ from aboue." IT The day of the fest is comen), 
and^ a grete multitude 'is gadred^^ of peple. whan thei were set to, 
and served 'atte horde ^^ with dy verse mynstralcies^* of musik*, and 

* 0/fh, * to me, MS. ' leaf 61. * mych. * at the f^mve fro. 
• day. 'to. ^ me, MS. • Om. '* Om. " Om. " niyn«tralle9. 

OOD's YBNGSAN08 SURBLT 0OMB9. MORALITB. SL, 7883 & AD. 9066. 273 

witH diueree coloois, and lie bigan in a merveilous manar swetly to 
sing*. And the knyjt him selfe herkenyd wele to, and saide, '' I 
trowe ^at )>e song of this bri(} be a pronosticacion) and a bitQkeni[n]g' 
of jveL" And fertore he tooke a bowe and an arowe, and slowe ]>e 
bryd ; anc) thenne anoon the Erth openyd, and the castell'y with the 
lord and pe lady, and aH J^at er theiin, sonke don). And nowe per is 
a passing* depe water, and no thing may abyde in it^ but that it goitH 
to the grounde* 


Deere frendis, this Emperoiir is crist ; pe whicH made ^is lawe, 
that noon) shuld wedde a woman) but^ &c This is to mene, 
^at crist woU not J^at we were weddid to noon) but to him, and to 
his richesse, neythir pe woman); aciL his godhede, tooke noon) but J^at 
is rich in vertuys, and goode werkys. The kny^t, that went aboute 
fro contreys & castelle^ to seche him a rich wyfe^ is eche wordly 
man), that goith aboute in ^e wordle, in diuerse placys, to seche 
profetySy and at pe laste he fyndith a wife, sa7. the flessh, norisshii) 
in richesse of deynteys ; and thenne he coretith for to wed hire 

* leaf 198, ool. 1. 

[Seeoiid Version. Addit MS. 9066.] 

Bondry messes of metes, a brid coloured with dyverse coloures come 
in atte* wyndow, and began to syng swetely and merveiUously. 
IF The knyght, that was lord of the fest and of the CaateH, diligently 
listened, and^ said, "I trowe that this bridde betokeneth' some 
eveii to me." IT he toke a bowe and an arow, and before hem all he 
slow the brid; and anon) the erthe opened, and swolowed in the 
castefi, with the knyght and the ladie, and with^ f^ that were ^ther 
in.^ In the whiche place is a fuH depe watir, in the whiche may no 
thyng dwelle ne^ abide, but it falle to the grounde. 

[Deolaraoio.] worshipfuH firendes, this Emp^our is our lord 
Ihesu crist, that made this law, that no man shuld wedde a woman, 
but yf he^ hade as moche as she,^ that is to sey, god wiUe, and biddes 
that we be not wedded to fr woman, but to hym alone, for he is 
habundaunt in richesse, and for he is kyng of kynges, and lord of 
lordes ; ne that woman, that is, the godhede, take none but yf he 
be habundaunt in richesse, that is, in good werkes and yertues. 
and the knyght that went by kyngdomes and Castels, for to seke a 
wyf" in richesse, IT Forsothe it is every worldly man, that gothe 
aboute the world by dyuerse places, to be norisshed in d elites of 

' at the. ■ Om. » bytokene. ^ (hn, » with in. 

^ nor. "* she, he, MS. 

efiSl'A. 18 

274 OOD's VENOBANCB surely combs. MORALITB. HL. 79SS&AD. 906r. 

Bed. to abule stiH with ]>e deliciousitea But pe vn£e, bcH. flessH, 
woH not assent, til tyme J at he haue ye same richesse, scil, flesshely 
likmges in his desii', and working^a. What is pat that pe fLessh. 
desirith to haue f Certenly he desirith wele to ete, swetly to driuke, 
softely to ligge, and to fele no hevy thinge, as colde, punysshyng*, 
and 8UC& otliir; and perlore the wrecchid man), for pat he wolde 
haue this wife, Bcil, to lyve uft^r pQ flessh, he sleith pe Erie, sdL 
leson), pe which sholde gooueme men. And pe armyd men, ])at 
sholde kepe pe Erie, acil. baptym), whenne he refusid ]>e deviH, and 
tooke him to criste. But pQ hounde, pat berkit^ weH in the ny^t, 
is thyne conscience, ^e which grucchith ayenst vicis; and this 
conscience is slayne as ofte as the flessh is ouercome with diliciousites, 
and ])at pe spirif is submittid to hem; and ])us^ ^e Erie, aciL reson), 
is' slayne, by pe which a man sholc) haue be gou&myd. But nowe 
we most loke what man^ voys is above) Certenly pe voys of 
god is above, and spekith to such synners by the profyt Isaye, in 
this maner, Ve vohis, qui sapientea estia in ocniis vestrls/ Wo be to 
you, that ben wise in jour owne si3t ! sciJ. and not in J>e si^t of god. 
)?eea ben J>ei, that sleith hire soulis, and weddith hire fleshely lustys ; 

I MS. yis. * MS. I^at is. 

[Second Veraion, Addit. MS. 9066.] 

richesse. this woman, pat is, the flessh, wille not assent fully to 
man, vnto she have richesse, that is, delite of the flesh in dede. 
and what are the thynges that the flessh desireth ) forsotbe for to 
ete wele, drynke swetely, and to grete delicate thynges, and for to 
haue no disease agayn) the flessh. IT But wrecched man J^ynketh 
not before of thynges that are to come, but slow the ^duke, that is, 
reson), that oweth to rewle the flessh. IT The armed men, that kept 
the duk* on day, it are vertues that he toke in the house of baptyme, 
whan he forsoke the fende, and drew to crist. But the lyteH hounde, 
that berked on nyghtes, is thi conscience, that aXL way gruccheth 
ayenst vices, the conscience is slayn) whan the flessh is over-come in 
delites, and the sprite put vndir ; and so is the duk* slayn), that is, 
leson), by the which man shuld be rewled. IF But now it is to se, 
what is the voice that cemeth down) fro above 1 forsotbe it is the 
voice of god, that speketh to synfuli men in holy scripture by ysae, 
that seith, IT Wo be to you that risexi) erly* for to folow dronknesse, 
and that loynen) houses to houses, and are wise in youre sight I thise 
it are yat haten) the soules, and wedden) flesshly lust. V Suche one 

* leaf 61, back. * yerely, MS. 

LXIV. THB JEALOUS QUEEN. 8T0RT. HARL. 7383 & ADDIT. 9036. 275 

and of BUC& men it is to dred, for casuaH yengeaunce; for hoolj 
scriptnre syngit^ and seiytti to a synfufi soule, Reuertere, Beuertere, 
sunamitisy Be pou tumyd ajen, be fon tumyd a^en, synfuH soole, pot 
we goci, Bcil. fadir and sone and holy gost, mowe see ^ to our lykenesse^ 
and in ]>e same shap of f aimesse ^at we maade ^e in. Nowe an obstinat 
man wdi not take hede to ^is, but what he shetith an arowe of 
S3mne ; and ^it nowit&stondyng* ^e faire wamynge ]>at he hath by ^e 
scnptui^, he sleeth crist ayen, yn y&t |)at in him is, an[d] settith vp 
thenne a casteH of pryde. Thenne H^ openyth, and aH his 
delicatis fallil^ downe J^ennne ; therfore late vb so tame our flessh, 
)»kt we mowe come to ^ euerlastynge ioy. Ad quod nos ducai 
regncma in secula I Amen. 

[ Lxnr. ] 

(how a jealous queen satisfied hbb spite.) 

Olimpas was an Emp^rour in ]>e cite of Bome, |)e whi(^ weddid 
a mayde ; and af tir that she conceivid wtt^ him, and brought 
forth a childe. Nowe ]>e lawe was ^at tyme, that eche woman) 

\Secmd Vernon. Addit. MS. 9066.] 

is gretely to drede ; for the brid, that is, holy scripture, every day 
syngeth to vs, and to a synfuH soule that is, tume agayn), synfatt 
wrecche, that is, tume agayn), thou wrecched soule, ^at we may 
behold the, That is, that I, god, be-holde ^e, with the fadir, and J^e 
sone, and the holy gost, and that we may see the to our symylitude, 
in the same fairenesse that we made ]>e. IT But man contrarious to 
god, savereth not piae thynges, but sheteth to hym an arow of synne, 
and in as mekeH as in hym is, he putteth efte sones crist on the 
crosse, and reiseth vp to hym self* a Castett of pride ; and so the 
erthe of helle is opened, and suche one wit£ ati his synnes devowreth. 
IT Therfore studie we so to tame our flessh, and please god, that we 
may come to everlastyng mede. to the whiche bryng ys and lede 
vs the hie and myghty lord Ihems ! Amen. 

[ XVL leaf 27. ] 

lympyus reigned iii the Citee of Home, a fi^ wise man, that 
toke a maiden)^ to wyf*, that conseived, and bare a child. 
There was that tyme a law made, that every woman in her 

' mayde, 0. 


276 LXIV. THE JEALOUS QUEEN. 8T0RT. EARL, 7883 & ADDIT. 0066. 

8lia[l]d go to chirche, in tyme of hire purificacioii) ; and J^enne slie 
sholde make to be wretyn) in J>e dore of the cliirclie iij. noHe and 
profitable wordis, to edificacion) of ]>q peple, and thenne she shuld go 
home a^en. So whenne ^e Emp^esse shulde be purified, she 
enteiyd in to the temple ; and aft^ hire purificacioh) she maade iij. 
wordis to be wretyn) in fe dore of \fe temple, sciL R^c sum regensy 
et meu8 est totus muudusy I am a kyng gouemyng*, and aH fe wordle 
is myna ^It happid after Jtis, p&t an o]>er worthi lady ^ede to ]7e 
same chirctE, "wiiJi gret mynstracy afore hire ; and fe Empresse lay 
in hire casteli wyndowe, and sawe it, and saide to hire selfe, " What ! 
jonde qwene goith to chirche with as gret rialte as it were I my selfe ! 
Kay," quoJ> she, " it shifi not be so, for I shaH be vengyd of hire." 
She went, and purveid hire of two serpentis. Kowe fia forsaide 
worthi lady, in hire tnmyng* hom fro chirch, she made to be wryte 
vp on )>e chirch-doi', or ]>at she passid furth, theise wordd^, In/ans 
sum ad vhera; Jacte viuo purOy I am an infant at )>e pappis, and 
live witji clene melke. And thenne she went home, and maad a 
gret fest ; and thenne anoon, whenne ])e fest was done, ])e Emperesse 

» leaf 198, col. 2. 

[Seemd Version, Addit MS. 9066.] 

pTirificacion), the whiche goth to chirche, shuld write iij. notable 
wordes in^ the chirche-dorre, to edificacion) of the peple ; whan this 
were done,' she shuld go home with solempnyte. IT It hapned,* 
that the Empresse shuld be purifiec^, and went into the temple ; and 
after the punficaciou) thise wordes that folowen) were written) on the 
chirche-dore, IT / am a kynge rewlyng the worlds ; tJie worlds is aR 
myne.^ It ^befelle aftirward,^ that a noble lady and a gentile shuld 
go to chirche. Ho be purified,® with trumpes and dyverse maner^ of 
Mvsike. IT whan the Empresse sawe this, anon) she said, *Moo! 
this woman with so^ grete solempnyte gothe to be purified ; it shaH 
not be so, but I shsfi be avenged* on her." IT Anon) she ordeyned^® 
iL serpentes. The lady, whan she was^^ purified, and shuld go home, 
she did write on the chirche-dore, / am a child ; I souhe my mylke 
at my"^^ modirs teies, and I^^ live denly. whan this was done, she 
went home, and made a grete fest to ati. IF whan the fest was done, 
the Empresse sent to her a messanger, that she shuld come to her. 

' oime. ' seid. ' happede. ^ at myne. * fille after. * Qm, 

^ manerik ' Om, ' yengyd. '* ordened hire of, 

" thulde, MS. " Om. » Om, 


sente after the lady, Jf&t she sholde come to hiie, wtt^oute langer 
delay. And ))e lady come to liirey and anoon, whenne she was 
come, and hadde enterid in to ])e chambir, pe lady knelid downQ 
and with gret reuerence made hire salutacion). And thenne spak» 
the emp^resse,' " ]?ou knowist not whi I sent after the 1 " And she 
saide, '* N&j, lady.*' Thenne saide J^e emparesse, " I haue here twey 
childeiyn) to be noreshid, and hem shalt J>oa norish, for pou hast 
melke." Thenne saide the lady, "I assent, madame; and lord 
wolde, that I were able or worihi to norissh your childeryn." Thenne 
saide the Empresse, " Do of and nakyn) ^ of a& ]>i Clothing*, or ellis 
I shali make ])e, in malgre of J^i tethe. For I woH see my two 
childeryn) vpon ]»y pappis." And then saide J^e lady, '' and where ben 
your childryn, whom I shulde norissh ) " And thenne ]»e Empresse 
shewid hire two serpentis, and saide, " Theise two J^ou most norissh 
me, witfi J>i melke." Thenne saide Je lady, " For Je love of almy3ty 
god, haue mercy of me ; sle me not ! " Thenne saide she, '^ poxi 
laborist M in vayne, for fou shalt norissh to me theise.'* Anoon she 
sette to hire pappis fe serpentiff ; And whan ]>at ]>ei felte warme, ]>ei 
sette hire feet in to hire flessh ; and ])enne fe Emperesse saide to 
hire, "Do fi Clothis nowe vpon) J>e, an[d] go hom." The lady jede 

[Second Version. Addit. MS. 9066.] 

The lady went to her. IT anon) whan she was^ entrecl the chambre 
of the Empresse, worshipf ully she saluted ^the Empresse.^ IT Than ' 
said the Empresse, " wotest thou whi I send for the 1 *' ^she said, 
"naye, my lady.** than seid *the Empresse,* "I have .\j. smale 
sonnes to be norisshed, the whiche I shall take to the ; do of thi 
clothes wilfully, or thou shalt agayn) thi wille, for I desire Ho se^ 
my sonnes on thi tetes.** the lady said, " Where ^ are your litett 
clnldrei]))" she shewed to her.ij. foule^ serpentes. H Than said 
the lady to the Empresse, " for the love of god® have mercy on me, 
and slee me not, for I wille ^^ bye my lif" of you ^ther than to be 
thus^^ dede.'* IF The Empresse said, "Thou laborest in vayn), for 
thou shalt norisah me thise ig. childrmi).** and anon) she put hem to 
her pappes; and than she bad her^ clothes shuld be put on her 

> Om. * here. • Om. * leaf 27, back. • Om. • On. 

^ were, MS. • Om. • Om. '• woldj pastim. 

" or I Bholde be. ^' that here* 


liom, and she was so venemyd by the serpentis, that witAInne )>e 
thirde day she dayde ; and gret sorowe was maade for hire deth. 


Deere frendis, pia Emp^our is ^e deviH, J^at tooke a wyfe, aciL 
wickydnesse, of whom he hath bygete mony sonys and do3tris. 
And he ordenyd for a lawe, that eche woman), bcU. flessh, after 
tyme fai it were clensid fro synne, shulde write in J>e dore of hia 
herte some notable thing* ])at plesid to |)e deviH. And what is J^at ) 
Certenly J^is it is, ]>at poj a synner shryve him of ali his synnes, )it 
fe devel couetith J^at he holde wtt^inne him wiU and purpose of 
synnyng* ; and J>at \a a^enst ]>q word of saynt peiir, Sicut cants ad 
vomitum, ita homo ad peccatum, qui Herat maa suae ad vmnitum. 
He likenith and seiyi^ ])at J^e synner ])at tumith a3ene to his synne 
and to his Ivel weyis, he may be likenid to an hound ])at tumitii 
i^en to his vomyt. The Emperesse wrot in the dore of ])e hertis of 
synnerys, Rex sum regens, et meuA est totus mundits, I am goudrnyng* 
pe wordle, and att pe wordle is myn), sell, att my hert is in ))e 
wordle, and not to godf. The lady, ])at jede after to chirche wit^ 
melodeys, is a man ])at goith wtt^ goode ^vertuys, And not only to 

' leaf 198, back, ooK 1. 

[Second Version. Addit. MS. 9066.] 

i^^ayn). and the thirde day after she died, as^ by fretyng of the 
addres, of whos dethe was' made ^grete sorow' in the Cite. 

Deolaratio. Frendes, this Emperour is a deveH, that toke a wyf, 
that is, wikkednesse, vpon the whiche he gate a sone. wherfore he 
made a lawe, that every woman, that is to sey, the flessh, after that 
it is clensed of synne, he must write in the doiTe of his hert some 
notable thyng, that may please hym; and the scripture is this, 
% Alle though I a synner be confessed, yit the deveH wiUe that he 
have a wille to tume agayn) to synne. and that is agayn) the saiyng 
of seint Petre, as a bounds got^ to his fomet, so dothe a synner that 
goth agayn) to his synne. IF The Empresse wrote in the dorre of 
synnefutt men, I am a kyng rewlyng the world ; and the world is afi 
myne, that is to sey, alle myne hert is the world, and the world is 
aH myn), and no thyng to god. U The lady, that went aftir to the 
chirche with trumpes, is a man that goth with good vertues, not alle 

* (hn. * ther wa*. ' a jjfrete dole. 


be puiified of his synne^, bat neuer to turne to hem a^en. And 
^6rfore he writitb in J^e dore of his herte, In/ana, &c. She is an 
infaunt, towchjng* synnes and synnyng^, Hanging* at ]>e pappis of 
feith and of hoope, The which ben two pappis of the ciistyn man, 
by pe which he may drawe out melke of goode vertuys; And 
wttAoute vertuys, and wtthovite feith, it is vnpossible J^at a man) shaS 
be safe. But whenne the Emparesse, bcU. wickydnesse of pe deyiH, 
hath envie to such a man, and seyil^ ''J>ou shalt norissh me ij 
Ghildeiyn)/' aeil. ij. serpentis, By theise serpentis we vndiistonci 
pruyd of and wrong* couetise of flessh ; For fe whidl two of[t]e tyme 
a man deyith. And perfoie late vs eu«r be abowte so to plese our 
god, ^t we mowe come to ^e blisse of hevene, &c. 

[ LXV. ] 



Ciclades legnyd a wise Emperour in ^e Cite of Borne, and oner 
aH thingis he was m^rcifali. And it happid, as he went onys 
by a forest, ther mette wtt^ him a pooi* man. And whan ]>e Emparour 

[Second Version. Addit. MS. 9066.] 

only to be purified of a& his synnes, but that in no wise from hens 
forward he declyn) to synne agayn). And therfore it is written) in 
the dorre of thyu) hert, IT I am a sowkyng child, that is, vnto synne, 
and hangyng at the tetes of feitli and hope, the whiche are ij. tetes 
of cristen) men, by the whiche we now draw to mylke of good 
vertues. wherfore witli outen feith it is vnpossible to be saved. 
IT Also by feith we are made sauf, after the appostels wordes. The 
Empresse, the wyf of the deveii, that is, wikkednesse, hathe Envie to 
suche a man, and seith, thou shalt norrissh me ij. sones, that are 
ij. serpentes, the whiche are, pride of lyf<, and concupiscence of flessh ; 
for the whiche two, ofte sithe man is slayn) gostly. IT Therfore stodie 
we so to please god in afi thyng, that we may come to ever lastyng 
loye with outen) ende. Amen. 


[ XX. Uqf 30, hack. ] 

Nclides in the Gitee of Bome Eeigned, a foH wise man, and 
aboue afi thyng he was m^cyfuH. It happed ones as he 
walked by a forest, he mette with a poore man. IT The 


sawe him, he saide to hym wiXh a grete pyte and meicy^ '' Whens 
art Jou, frend 1 " " Sir," quoj) Je oj^r, " I am yotfr man, and borne 
in your londe, and fallyn in to gret myschefe and nede." ''For 
sothe " quo]> )>e Emperour, " and if I knewe J^at ^ovl woldist be a 
trewe man, I sholde avaunce ])e to grette digniteys and richesses. 
And what is thi name, tel me \ " '' sir," quoJ? he, ** Lenticulus. And 
I be-hote you to be a trewe man ; and if euer ye find ony othir wiiJv 
me, I woH bynd me to att Je peyne Jat ye woH deme/' And when 
]>e Emp^rour hurd that, He avaimcyd him, and made him kny^t, 
and stiward of aH his empire. And when he was this i-hyed, he 
wex prout ; and he defyed hem fai were worthier ))an he, and sette 
hem at nou3t, and simple men & poor' men he spoiled. And yn s 
tyme, as he roode yn to J^e forest, he commaundid to fe foster, |>at 
he shulde make an hunderit^ depe diches in pe forest, and cover 
them wtt^ wele smelling* herbis, )>at J^e bestis my^t fatt in hem. If 
it happid hem to renne oat of pe forest. And fQ foster dude as he 
coTnmaundid. It happid afterward, ])at ]»is stiward rood to ^e forest*, 
to see pe diches; and as he rood, he thowte, ''I am riche, and 

[Second Version. Addit MS, 9066.] 

Emperour, whan he sawe^ hym, he was stered with mercy, and seid, 
" of whens art thou ] " he said, " sir, I am your man, and of your 
lond bom), and^ am poore and nedy." IF The Emperour said, " yf 
I wist that thou were trew, I shuld' promote the to richesse ; telle 
me, what is thi name?" he said, "lenticulus is my name, ^and I 
wiUe* be trew vnto* jov.; and yf^ I do otherwise, I bynde me to® 
att payn)." whan the Empe7*our had herd this, he promoted hym ; 
and sone after he^ made hym knyght, and ordeyned hym steward of 
^his Empire.^® IT Whan he was thus I-lifte^^ vp, his hert was 
enhaunsed in^* pride, ^passyng ati^^ that were worthier than he ; he 
duspised the symple, and the poore he dispoyled and robbed. IT On 
a tyme whan^* he rode by a forest, he comaunded the forster^* to 
make an hundred pittes right depe in the forest, and hille hem wit£ 
swete herbes ; and^^ yf it happed pat the bestes ronne by the forest, 
thei shuld falle into the pittes. he^^ said, "sir, thi wUle shaH be 
do.^®" IT After this^* it happed, that the ^bestes ronne, and the*® 
Steward rode to the forest, for to see the pittes ; and as he rode, he 

* met with, * L • shalle. * leaf 31. • wole, pasHm, • to. 

^ Om. • in. • Om. >• the Emperour. " lifte. " with. 
" syngulerly, so that alle. " as. " foraterR. *• that " TheL 

" done. *» (hia than. " O^ 


I-maade a gret lord, and all ])e Empire is at my ledyng^.*' And 
with ]»at prowde J903te he smot ))e hors with ]>e sporis, and sodenlictL 
fel into on of pe deppist dichis, )>at he ordenyd to be made ; and he 
myjte hy no way passe out, For he was corpulent and hevy. and 
soone after pia, ^ stert in to ])e same dich an hungery lyon) ; and 
when fe stiwaicl sawe }skt, he was hyely adrad. And then soone 
after, fer fiH in an Ape ; and after fe Ape, a serpent. And whenne 
)>e stiward was pis wallid abowte wtt^ theise iij. bestis, he began to 
swete for drede. In ])is same tyme per was in the cite a poor' man, 
namyd Gwido, and he hadde an asse, with )>e which asse he wolde 
go euery day to pe forest, for to gader smaH wode ; and laade his 
asse, and lede it to pe market^ and selle it, and so susteyne him and 
his wife, for moi' hadde he not to lyve with. So this poore man 
come in a certeyne day to pe .forest, for' to gadir stikkys, as he was 
wonyd. And when he come nye J>e pitte, per as fe stiward was in. 
The stiward cryde, and saide, "Sir, str, come hede?*, and here me, and 
p<m shalt like it for euer 1 " And ^thenne gwido hering* pe voys of. 
a mao), he hadde grette wondir, and come nez*, and said, " lo I I am 
heere ; what art poii that callist me )" Thenne saide he, " I am," quo]» 
he, ''the stiward of pe Empire, and ]K)r3 chaunce I am fall hei* into 

> leaf 198, baok, ool. 2. 

[Second Vereion. Addit. MS. 9066.] 

thought^ " I am right grete, for afi ^thyng are^ at my biddyng. Is 
there any god but I ) " And he smote the horse with the sporres, 
and fille into one of the pittes, that before he had ordeyned ; and 
myght not out. IT And sone aftir hym fille a lyon) into the same 
pitte; IF ^And aftir the lyon) fUle^ an Ape; and ^aftir the Ape' a 
Serpent, whan the Steward was thus ynbesette* with thise i\j.^ 
bestes, he was right sory. IF There was that® tyme in the Citee a 
poore man, whos name was Guy, that had no thyngo but an Asse, 
that every day was wonte to go to the forest, for to gadre stikkes^ 
and^ cha^ his asse, and^ lede to the market for* to selle ; and so 
susteyned hym self* and his wyf". IF And as Guy went in to^® the 
forest, he herd the Steward out of the pitte seiyng, '* 1 dere f rend, 
what so ever thou art, here me, and if shatt be to the ever wele." 
IF Guy, whan he herd a^ voice of a man, he stode beside the pitte, 
and seid, " lo ! I am here, for thou called me." If Than said the 

> thinges ben. * Om. ' Om. * byaet. * Om. * in that. 
^ to. •to. • Om. »• Om. " that. >• the. 


^is dicKe ; and heere is beside me a Iiod), and an ape, and a serpent^ 
and I ne wote of whom I shaii be fuist devowiydl. And J^erfor, 
[for] the love of god, gete a long< corde, by )^ vhic^ I may be 
drawyn) out ; and y vndirtake, Jfst I shatt avaunce fe and aH ])yne 
Jjerfore for euer. And but I soone be holpyn), I shall be devowrid by 
theise bestis." Thenne saide gwido, '*])at were harde to me for to 
do, for I haue not to live by, but ))at I gadre wode here in ]»e forest, 
])at I sen ; and if I go abowte fla eruTsde, I most thenne leve myne 
owne ocupacion) ; and J^erf ore, if I haue not of you for my labour, it 
woH: be to me and to my wife gret lost and harme/' Then answeiid 
fe stiward, and saide, ''By ]>e helthe of the Emperour, my lord, 
and by ^e o)»e that I haue maade to him, I shall to-morowe avaunoe 
fe and 8& thyne to grete richesses. If fon wolt do so." quoth 
gwydo, '' I shal do thi bidding*/' He went home, and fette a long* 
rope ; and come to pe pitte, and saide, '' Sir stiwarde, ^howe I looks 
vp ! f or I caste downe a long* roope here to the ; and ^erfore bynde it 
abowte ])i mediH, and I shalle drawe fe vp." And ])enne ]>e stiwaid 
was glad, and saide, ''Late downe the corde;" and so he dude. 
And when ])e lyon) sawe pe corde mcuule redy to take him oute, he 
stirte yn to it. And whenne gwido fulte a grette wey^t, he trowid 
]>at it hadde y-be )»e stiward ; and vndir ]>at trust he drowe vp ye 

' f MS. nowe. 

[Second Version. Addit MS. 9066.] 

knyght, " I am the^ Steward of the Emperour, and^ in this pitte are 
with me a lyon), an Ape, and a serpent ; and I wote not whiche of 
thise shall first devowre me. therfore, for goddes love, draw' me 
out, and I shatt wele promote the. For but I sone have help, of thise 
iij. bestes I shall be devowred." IF Guy seid, " this is herd to* me 
to do, for I have right nought, but that^ I gadre stikkes, and selle 
hem, and therofi am I susteyned. But I shaH fulfilled your wille, 
and yf^ I have nought of you, it shaH be 'harme to me.'" IT The 
Steward seid, " by the help* of the Emp^rour, thou^® and aH thyne 
to-morow I shall promote to grete zichesse." IT Guy seid, " I shall 
do that thou biddest" he ^^went to the Citee, and bought ^^ a longe 
corde, and stode on^' the pitte side, and lette downe the oorde, and 
said, " Steward, come vp by the corde." IT Whan the lyon)^* sawe 

' Om, * Om, * with a long cord draw. ^ for. * Om, 

< do. "^ Om. 'my harme. ' helthe. *' the. " leaf 31, back. 

" brought " by. " The lyon when he. 


lioD) ; and when J)e lion) was vp, he maaJ a xnaner of ioiyng* to him, 
and J)an he ran to J>e wode. And thenne Gwido sent down) J>e Roop 
ajen. And thenne ))e Ape stirte in to ^ Koope, or corde, and so gwido 
drowe vp J>e Ape in stede of fe stiwani ; and then J>e Ape lan ajen 
to J>e wode. Thenne Je thirde tyme gwido late fe Roope go downe, 
and fe serpent stirte in to it, and was drawyn^ vp as were fe oper ; 
and maade a manar of thonking* to ^e man, and ^ede his way to ]»e 
wode. And thenne spake Je stiwarJ to him, "Deer* fiend, nowe 
}ou hast faire deliueryd me of theise thie hestis, Nowe late )>e corde 
&H, and I shaH: come vp." the man late fe coide taJA, and ])e 
stiward gurde him yer in, and was drawyn) vp. Whenne he was vp, 
he saide to gwido, " come to-morowe at noon to ))e palys, and I shidi 
avaunce ]»e for euer." Thenne gwido was glad, and went home 
wtt^oute ony stickys or wode. And whenne his wife sawe ]>at. She 
askid of him, whi ]>at he hadde not gaderid stickis, wherby fat pel 
myjte have hire sustyoaunce that day. And thenne he tolde hire 
aH fe processe, as ys saide afore. How fe stiward fell in to ]>e diche, 
and howe he deliuered him, and howe he shatt receyve perfove his 
nieede on fe morow. And when she hadde hurde pes wordis, she 
was right glad, and saide, " Late vs nowe be mery, and in )>e morowe 

[Second Version. Addit. MS, 9066.] 

the corde, he steite therto, and held it strongly. Guy wend he had 
drawen) vp the knyght, and^ drewe vp the lyon); and^ whan the 
lyon) was drawen) vp, he lowted to hym, and lanne to the wode. 
[Then the second tyme he lete downe the corde. The ape saw that, 
and lepe therto, and so he was drawne vp ; and thankyd hym on his 
maner, and went to the wode. The iij. tyme he let don) the corde. 
The serpent saw that, and stert therto, and was drawyn vp ; and 
lowtyd to hym, and went to the wode.^] ^ Than the steward seid, 
" now am I delyuered of iij.* bestes, lette downe now the corde to 
me, that I may assend.'' and so it was done, he knytte it fast 
about his arse, and Guy drew hym out. IT And than said^ the 
knyght, ''come to-morow at none to the* paleys, and^ I shall make 
the riche for ever." ^ Guy was loyfuH, and went home voide. his 
wyf asked whi he had gadred no stikkes, of the whiche thei myght 
ly ve that day. he told her how he had delyuered the Steward out 
of the pitte ; and the^ next day folowyhg he shuld yeve hym worthi 
mede. IT his wyf was glad, and said, "lette vs be of good comfort ; 

' but bei * Om, ' Sujfplied/ram C. * thes iij. * seyd to hym. 

• my. ' Om. • that. 


aiyse, and go fech. our meede." On ]>e morowe gwido rose vp, and 
went to ^Q pftlys, an[d] knockid at J>e ^ate; and pe port^ come, 
and askid ])e cause of his knockyng*. And thenne saide Gwido, 
''sir, I pray you, for goddis love, go to ]>e stiwaid, and ^ telle him 
that here stondith at ])e ^ate a poore man, that spake wit^ him 
3i8terday in J)e forest." And pQ porter hi^te for to do it ; and ^ede 
to the stiward, and tolde him howe p&t per was a pooi^ man at ^e 
3ate, to abide hym, J^at spake with him in the forest And when he 
hadde saide ])is message, ]>e stiward baad him go a3en, and telle 
him, ])at he lyeth in his hed. For fer spake noon) with him ]>ere ; 
and he sent him worde, p&t he sholde go, ])at he neu^ sawe hym. 
And thenne J>e port^ come to ^ ^ate, and tolde to Gwido the 
answere of the stiward, and howe he baad J^at he sholde hye him firo 
))e jate, yp peyne of worse ; For he saide, ])at he lyed in his sawis. 
And whenne Gwido hurde J^is, he wax ri^t hevy, and went home, 
and tolde his wife, Howe ]>at ]>e stiwarde saide. And thenne his 
wife, as a goode woman, comfortid him, and saide to him, pat he 
sholde go an oper tyme, and preve pe stiward. When morowe come, 
he rose, and went a^en to ))e palys, prayng* pQ porter pai he shulde 
go a^en, and say his erende. The porter saide, '' I woH gladly, but 
I drede ))at it woli not profite pe" He went to pe stiward, and 
shewid him J^at^ ])e poore man was comyn) a^en. And whenne the 

* leaf 199, col. 1. * >at |7at, MS. 

[Second Version. Addit MS. 9066.] 

therfore rise the day and the houre, and go to the man for the reward." 
^ On the^ other day he went to the paleys, and spake to the porter, 
and said, " I pray the, go to the Steward, and telle hym, that^ the 
man is here with the whiche he spake yistirday." IT The porter 
went to the knyght, and said the herand Wid the message.' The 
knyght said, " none spake with me ; lette hym go his way, that I se 
hym not." ^he porter bad him go his way. IT whan* Guy herd 
this, he was sory, and went home, and told his wyf att Hhe matir.* 
his wyf comforted hym in^ aU that she myght, and said, "go^ to 
hym another tyme, and assaye." IT he went another day* to the 
paleys, and praied the porter to spede his nedes. the porter went at 
his praiyng^ to the steward, and shewed to hym the comyng of the 

> that. * Om. * Om. ^ Om. * that was fallen. ^ Om. 

^ Gothe. • tyme. • prayer. 


etiward horde fat, he went to J>e ^ate in a giete anger; and Jer 
Lenticulus ]»e stiwarde bette Gwido J^e poore man so sooie, )>at he 
lefte him halfe ded. Whenne his wife hurde J^is, she come yrith 
hire asse, and jafe J^e stiwarde hire blessing* vrith fe lefte hondl ; and 
careycl horn hire husbonc), and spend on him all ])at she my^te gete, 
tiH he hadde his helth. And whenne he was hole, he went to ]>q 
wode as he was wonyd to do, for to gadery wode. And in a certayne 
tyme, as ])is gvrido was in fe wode, he sawe a lyon) afer, and x. assis 
afore him, and aH fe assis were chargyd with diuerse marchandise ; 
and fe lion) brou^te aH to Gwido. Gwido drad ; but when he hadde 
biholden wel fe lion), he knewe wel in hym selfe fat it was fe same 
lion) pai he savid fro ]»e dich ; and |)e lion) wold neuer leeve him, til 
tyme ))at ati ^ assis weere comyn) in to his house ; and thenne he 
bowid dowii) -wit^ his hed, and thonkid him by his tokenyng*. 
Thenne g^do openyd ]>e Fardelys, and he fond J^erin gret diuersite 
of goodis ; and thenne he dude mak a proclamacion), p&t if ony man) 
hadde I-lost z. assis with hire fardels, come to him, and J>ej shulde 
haue hem ; but fer was no man pat wolde chalenge hem. And then 
Gwido solde )^ marchauntyse, and bou3t him tenementys and othir 
maner of goodis, fat he was y-maad a rich man) ; and ^it he vsid f e 
wode as he dude afoz*, and gaderid wode. Hit happid in a certayne 

[Second Vernon. Addit M8. 9066.] 

pore man. the Steward, whan he herd this, he went and bete him, 
and lefte hym halfe on lyve. IT his wyf herd that, and come to 
hym, and put hym on his asse, and ledde hym home ; and that she 
had, she spended vpon^ medecynes, and so he was made hole. Than 
he went agayn) to the wood with his asse, for to gadre stikkes. IT It 
fille on a day, whan Guy went to the wood, he sawe a lyon), and 
before hym .x. asses chargede wi1& dyuerse chafPare. The lyoii) 
brought hem aH before hym. Guy was aferde, but whan he hade 
wisely behold ^he lyon),* he knew wele* the lyon), Hhe whiche* he 
drew out of the pitte, And ^whan aH the Asses were entred into his 
house, the lyon) enclyned his hede, and went* ayene to the woodo. 
IT Guy opened the pakkes, and founde moche merchaundise. he 
went, and did enquere'' in chirches® and markettes, yf® any man 
hadde lost chaffare with asses, that^^ he shuld come to hym ; but 

* it on. • Om. • it was. * that. • leaf 82. • bo went. 
' ipere. • kyrkes. • that if. *• Om, 


dajf as he went to ]>e wode, ]>at he sawe ]>e Ape, ]>e which he drowe 
out of fe pitte, dtting* in J>e top of a tre, and with hire teth and with 
hire pawia roggyd and Rent a-downe branchis and wode, in as mocfi 
qnantite as Gwido hadde nede of to chaige "with his asse ; and whan 
\>e asse waa chargid, ])e ape ran to fe wode. Thenne Gwido went 
horn, and come a^en J>e thirde day, and cntte Srdowne wode ; and 
thenne he sawe fe serpent come to him, whom he helpyd owt of fe 
dich; and she hadde in hire mowthe a ston) y-colourici wtt^ a 
thref olde colour, and she late hit fati: in fe lappe of gwido. Whenne 
she hadde so y-don), she kist his feet, and ran to the wode a^en. 
And thenne gvrido hiely marvelidl of what yertu ]»is stone was, and 
went to a stoner, and saide to hym, " good man), I pray ]>e t&A me 
]»e y^rtu of ^is ston, and I shali rewarde )»e for pi meede.'* Thenne 
when ye stoner hadde I-seyn) ^e ston), he saide to hym, '^ I shsR jiye 
^e an C. marke for J^is ston)." " Kay," quo]» Gwido, " I wott not sett 
it, tiU: tyme ])at I knewe pe yertn JferoV Thenne saide fe stoner, 
« ])iB ston) hathe i\j. yertuys ; the f rust y^u is, )>at who so eo^r haye 
^it, he shali haue eoermore ioy with oute heyinesse ; The secunde is, 
that he shall: haue habundaunce witAoute def awte ; The thirde is, he 
shaH haue li3t wit^oute derkenesse ; and ^erto he ]»at hath it shatt 

> leaf 199, ool. 2. 

[Second Version. Addit MS. 9066.] 

there was none found. I^otwithstondyng^ thise richesse, he went 
agayn) to the woode, for to gadre stikkes, with his asse. IF It 
happed on a day as he went to the woode, he sawe the Ape, that he 
drew oute of the pitte, in the croppe of a tree, brekyng stikkes with 
his handes, and with his tethe ; and cast downe as many stikkes as 
he neded, to lade with his Asse, and wente home. % Another day^ 
he Vent to the wood, and he' sawe a-ferre a serpent, beryng in his 
mouthe a stone of .iij. colours, the whiche he gaf* hym, and wente 
agayne ^to the woode.^ % Guy had wondir of ^he stone,^ and wente 
to a lapydarye, to aske of what yertu it was. he aunswered, and 
said, it hadde .iij. yertues. IF The first yertu is this® ; he that 'haye 
tlus,^ shdBt haye ioye with out heyynesse. % The second is, he shatt 
haye habundaunce^ with out defaute. IT The thirde is, he ^att haye 
light without derknesse. also he that ^hath it, and^ shuJi selle it, 

' And notwiihstondyng. ' tyme. * Om, * Om, 
* Om. ^ hathe it. * haboDdaunoe of good. ' 

» this. 

LZY. THB UNORAJ£FUL STEWARD. 8T0BT. HARL. 7388 & ADD. 9066. 287 

neuer haue power to selle it, wit/toute ])at he Eeceyre ferfoi as muche 
as it is wortti ; For if he do pe Contrary, ])e stoo) shaE come to him 
a^en/' And thenne gwido was glad y-nowe, and saide, " in a goode 
tyme I drowe out Je bestis out of Je dicfi." And hy vcrtu of J>e 
ston) he gate many and gret habundancea of goodis, so ))at he was a 
grete and a my^ty man, and gret was his possession). And wit/tlnne 
short* tyme, word come to pe Emperour, howe Gwido had a ston) of 
grete vartu. And ^enne the Emperour sent to him, and bad ^at he 
sholde come to him. And when he was y-come, pe Emperour saide 
to hym, " Deei' frend, I hurde telle pai Jfon were some tyme in a 
gret pouerte, and nowe ^u art a gret riche man, thorowe y^u of a 
precious ston) ; I pray fe selle to me J>at ston)." " Sir," quoJ> Gwido, 
'^ I dare not do ]»at ; For I am sikir of i\j. thingis as long* as I haue 
fai ston), bcU, to haue ioy wtt^ute sorowe, habundaunce wttAoute 
defaut, and li^t witAoute derkenesse." And when ]»e Emperour 
hurde ]ds, he was pe mooi* y-temptyd to ])e ston) then he was af ore, 
and ])6ff oi' he saide to him in pis man^, '' Chese pe on of theise two, 
or to passe out of myne empire for eu^, vrith aB. pi kynred, or EUys 

[Second Vernon. Addit MS. 9066.] 

but yf he have as moche as it is worthe, it shiJi come home' agayn) 
to hym." % Guy, whan he herd* this, he said,* " in a good tyme I 
drewe the bestes out of the pitte ! " by the yertu of this^ stone he 
gate moche good, and^ so moche, that he was made a knyght, and 
gate many possessions. IT Anon) aftir this,^ it was no counisaile, but 
it was shewed to the Emperour, that Guy had a stone of grete yertu. 
IT The EmpdTour sent to hym a messanger, that he shuld sone come 
to hym, *at a certayn) day."^ IT Guy, whan he was come, the Emperour 
said to hym, *' Frend, I haye herd said, that some tyme thou* were 
in grete pouerte, and now by the yertu of a stone *thou arte^ made 
riche. I pray the, selle me that stone." IF he said, " sir, y may 
not, for I am certayn), that as^^ longe as I haye the stone, I ^haii be^^ 
siker of iij. thynges. % The firste is, I shaH haye loye without 
heyynesse. The second is, habundaunce with oute defaute. The 
thirde is, light without derknesse." % The Emperour, whan he had 
herd this, he was more coyetouse of the stone, and said to hym, 
'' chese of ij. thynges, other thou shalt out of my Empire, wit£ att 

^ Om, ^ had herd. ' was right glad, and Beyde. * the. 
• in. • Om, ^ in to a certen place. 'ye. • ye be. 

»• als. ," am. 


to selle me J^e ston).'' Then saide he, '' ai, if it woS noon o^r be, 
do as fon wolt ; Keu^helese I woH wame pe of ]>e periH, acU, ]»at 
but )>oa ^ive me as mocB for ]>e ston) as it is wortH, donteles it woH 
turne to me i^en.'* Thenne saide fe Emp^rour, " I sbidft ^ive fe a 
M^ marke ferior" And whenne fat was payd, he tooke him fe 
ston), and ^ede horn, and tolde his wife of fe baigayne. And as 
soone as ]>ej openycl hire cofer, for to put in hire golde, )>ai sawe 
hire ston) afore hem, ligging< Jferhme. And when she sawe it, she 
baac) him take it, and bez* it a3en in aH haste ^at myjt be, ])at pe 
Emp^rour put not to vs no treson) ne gyle. So Gwido dude in dede, 
and saide to him, '' sir, jisterday I soldo you a ston), and nowe I 
wolde se him a^en." Thenne fe Emperour went to his tresour ; and 
whenne he cowth not fynde it, he was^ hevy, and come a^en to him, 
and shewid not to him fe ston). Then saide gwido, ''sir, hovy you 
not, for I saide to you J^at I my^te not selle you ]>e ston), no lesse 
J)an I receyvid Jerfore the trewe value ; and so ^ist^rday ye gafe me 
a W, marc for the ston), and pis day I fonde it in my chest, and hei' 

* MS. repeats he was. 

[Second Version. Addit MS, 9066.] 

thi progenye, or thou shalt selle me the stone." % " Sir,'* he ^seid, 
" I were lothe to offende you ; and therfore, yf ye wille bye the stonp, 
I shall fulfille your wille. but first I shati shewe you the pmle of 
the stone. % Sir,* but yf ye yeve me as moche therfore as it is 
worthe, with outen doute the stone shall come* ayene to me." 
IT The Empcrour said, " I shall yeve the sufficiantly, for thou shalt 
have of me a thousand! pounded" Guy toke the money of hym, and 
delyueredf hym the stone, atte morow Guy opened his chest,* and 
founds the stone, and told his wyf of the chaunce. IT She seid, 
'' 00 ! sir, go fast to® the Emperour, and take hym agayn) the stone, 
lest he put to vs gyle or fraude." IT Guy wente to the Emperour, 
and said, '' Sir, yisterday I sold to you a stone ; I wold gladly se 
it." the Emperour went to his tresorye, and found not the stone, 
he come forthe hevy vnto Guy, and said, he^ had lost the stone. 
IT Than said Guy, " sir, be not hevy, for I said to you before, that I 
myght not seUe the* stone vnto I had resceived the valew. lo ! 
here your^ thousand mark*, that ye gaf< me for the stone. For I this 
day found it^* in my chest ^^ ; and happely 'but yf I had^* brought it^ 

' leaf 32, back. ' Om, * oome home. * marc. * huoh. 
* agayn to. ^ that he. * my. ' is your. '^ the stone. '' huche. 

' had not I. " the stone. 


I have him." And when Je Emp^rour sawe fe ston), he had gret 
mervaile, and saide to him, ** hj fe feith ])at fou. art holdyn) yh) to 
me, telle me howe ])at poM come to ^is stone first." Thenne saide 
gwido, " sir, by Je feith fat I am boundyn) ynne to you, I shafl tett 
you J)e soth. Your stiwarcJ, Jat ^e brou3t vp of noujt, maade many 
depe dichis in )>e forest ; and so he feii yn on) of hem, and my3te 
not arise out i^en, for depnesse. After it happid, Jf&t a lyon), an 
ape, and a serpent^ feH in to him. And ])at tyme I was poore, I vsid 
fat tyme for to gadre wode in fe forest, and bringe it hom with myne 
assa And as I was fer in a certayne tyme, for to gadre wode, the 
stiward cryd to me, fat I sholde drawe him out of fe peritt fat he 
was Inne fere, ^and fro fe venymous bestis fat he was among*; and 
he saide fat he wolde f erfore auaunce me and ali my kyn, and swore 
gret othis to f ulfiUe it, If I deliuered him ; and for fat bihest I 
caste downe a long* corde. I trowid to haue y-drawe himselfe vp^ 
and drowe vp a lyon) ; I drowe vp an ape, and thenne a serpent ; 
and at f e laste I drowe vp f e stiward, fat som) tyme was namyd 
Lenticulus, no better than a begger. And f e lion) hat£ sith payd 

^ leaf 199, back, ool. 1. 

^ * ■ ■ ■ I.I. 

[Second Version. Addit MS. 9066.] 

to you ayene, ^e wold have shewed me myne* offence." IT The 
Emperour, whan he sawe the stone, he mervailed, and said, " By the 
faithe thou owest to me, say how thou camest^ by the stone?'* 
IT Guy said, " by the faith that I owe to you, I shati telle you the 
trouthe. youre steward, that ye promoted of^ nought, did make 
many depe pittes in your forest, and he,* as he rode Vnavised, 
fiUe'^ into one,® and myght not come out, for the pitte was depe. It 
happed wele,^ that aftei^ hym fille a lyon), an Ape, and a Serpente^ 
into the same pitte. and I was that tyme poore, and wente vnto^ 
the Forest with my Asse, for to gadre stikkes ; and as I wente, he 
cried ^to me,^ that I shuld help hym out of the pitte, and fro^^ perile 
of dethe, by cause he was amonge suche^^ perillous bestes. and 
trewly he hight to me with an othe, that he shuld promote me and 
ali my progeny to richesse. IF And^ whan I herd tliis, I gate me a 
longe rope, and lette it into the pitte, and trowed I shuld draw hym 
to me ; and I drewe vp the lyon), and af tir hym the Ape, and than 
the Serpent; 'and atte^^ last I di«we vp the Steward. IT The lyon) 

* on me lightly ye shold put. ' oome. * fro. * Om. 

• on a day onauysyd, he fylle. • the one. ^ Om. • in to. • Om^ 

"» for, MS. " the. '• Chh. " at the. 

GE8TA. 19 


me X. aasis chaigid 'with diverse mercbaundiae ; The ape ^afe me as 
moc& wode as myne asse wolde bei'; and ]»e serpent gafe me Jfia 
precious stone ; and your stiward gafe me so many gret wondis and 
strokis, ]7at he lefte me for de^, and I was borne home yp on) an 
asse." When ]>e Emperour hurde fat, he was hiely mevid in roynde 
i^en ]>e stiward, and made him to come fortB, and fowle reprevid 
hinu The stiward stoode stiH like a beest, for he cowthe not denye 
it ; and ]>enne fe Emperoor saide to him, ** A ! wrecche, a ! false 
beggar ! loo ! ynieeonabiH bestis as ]>e lion), fe ape, and fe serpent, 
haue thankid him, and rewardid him his meede for his meede I and 
foUf ^t art a resonabiH man, hast, for his socotcryng* ]»at he socouryd 
^e, ny bet him to dettL ; and ^rfore, false wrecche, fou. shalt ]»is day 
be hongid in fe iebet, and he shaH haue att-])i londis, and be stiward 
in fi stede." And so it was in dede, for ^ stiwaid was y-hongid, 
and Gwido was set in nis stede, and wan love of aH men, & in fiure 
pese endid his life. 

[Second Version. AddiL MS. 9066.] 

yaf me .x. asses charged witb dynerse marchaxmdise ; The Ape yaf 
me stikkes, as many as myn) Asse myght here ; The serpent yaf^ me 
this precious Stone, the whiche I have sold to 'you ; but the Steward 
bete me, and wounded me greuously, ^at I was bora) home on myn) 
asse." IT The Emperour, whan he hend this, he was gretly stered in 
hym self* agayn) the Steward, and sent for hym ; ^ And whan he 
was come, tiie Emperour yndirtoke hym' of the cryme^ that he did 
to Guy ; and he stode stille, and aunswered not, for he myght not 
denye^ it. IF Than said the Emperour, ** ! thou wrecche, ynreson- 
able bested, as the lyon), the Ape, and the Serpent, yelded hym mode, 
because he drew hem out of the pitte vnpraied ; and thou, that art 
a^ resonable man, and for his good purpose that delyuered the j&o 
thi^ deth, for his mede thou bete hym^ nere to the dethe. IF For 
the^ whiche dede I deme the this day to be hanged ^on the Gibbette,® 
and aH thi londes I yeve to Sir Guy ; and in thi stede I make hym 
Steward." IT Whan the Steward was hanged on the Gibbette, Sir 
Guy ocupied his place, the whiche was loved of ali, and so in pease 
ended his lyf^. 

' leaf 88. ' Om, * wrong. ^ deuoyde. ' Om, * the. 

^ Om. • this. • Om 



Deere frendis, pis Emp^our is pe fadir of Hevene. The poore 
man, J^at is so avaancyd, is ])e poore inan comyng* out of his 
moder wombe, and avauncyd heei* to wordly richesses and 
possessions ; and perfore saieth J)e Tsalm, De stercare erigens pauperem 
vt sedat cum principitmsy He resede pe poore man fro filthede and 
tordis, and to sette him among* princis. And so ])er ben many ])at 
ben ]7is auauncyd. And thenne thei neythir knowe god ne hem 
selfe j they make diu^rse and depe diches, set'/, malice and wickid- 
nesse {^enst ))e poore, in ])e which J^e deuel ofte tyme makith hem 
selfe to ffidl; And perfore it is y-rad pus, Qui foueam, fecit alteTty sepe 
incidit in earn, He pat makith a dich to an othir, ofte tyme fallith 
perlnne him selfe; And pat shewid wele by Mardoche. And pe 
man Gwido, pat goith in pe forest yrith his asse for wode, is eche 
rijtwisman), pat goith in pe forest of this wordle, and gaderith 
marytorie werkis ; and he makith his asse. bcU. his body, here hem, 
by the whiche pe soule may be glorified in pe blisse of hevene ; and 
so he findith his wife. ecil. his conscience, and his childeryn), scil, 
y^rtuys. And in the dich of pe stiwarc^ fallii^ a lion), an ape, and a 
serpent ; and so ofte tyme fallith pe lion) in pe kynrede of lude, sciL 
god wtt^ a synn^, as ofte tyme as he is redy to 3iye him grace ; and 

[Second Vernon, Addit. M8, 9066.] 

% Deolaraoio. Worshipful! frendes, this Emperour is the Fadii^ 
of heven). the poore man, that was promoted, is man, born) of his 
modir naked and feble, that ofte tyme is promoted to richesse and 
dignytees ; IT wherfore many so promoted know neither god nor hem 
self, but maken) dya^rse pittes, that is, malice and wikkednesse, that 
thei ordeyn) agayii) symple men, into the whiche pittes often tymes 
the devett maketh hem falle. IT Guy, the whiche went with his asse 
to the Forest, is eche rightfuli man, that in the Forest of this world 
gadreth meritorie werkes, and maketh his Asse to here hem, that 
is, his body, by the whiche the soule may be glorified in the ever 
lastyng tabernacle of god. IT And so his wyf, that is, his conscience, 
or his children), that are good vertues, he norisshel^ and fedeth. 
IT In the dyke of the Steward fille the lyon), the Ape, and the 
Serpent. % So ofte sithes with the synner, the verrey lyon) of the 
kynrede of luda, that is, god, he discendith, as ofte as he is redy to 
yeve grace to a synner. IF Guy, that drew out the lyon), is a right- 


]>erof seiy^ dauid ])e prophete, Cum ipoo sum. in trihtdacione, Ssc. I 
am vriih fe synfutt, seiyt& god bi his prophet here, in his tribulacion). 
Gwido drowe out J)e lion), sciL fe ri^twisman) drawith out by fe corde 
of Yertuya, Also he drowe out an ape, acil. fe wiH. contrary to 
resoi]), aciL whan it is maade obedient to reson), for among* ali bestis 
pe ape is most likenyd to a man), and so wiH, among* aB. powers of 
fe soule, it is most specially to be licnyd to reson), sct7. to assent 
and drawe vnto him. Also he drowe out a serpent, soZ. penaunce, 
and ])at for ij. skelis ; The serpent beril^ in his tunge medecyn)^ and 
in his taile venyni); And so penaunce is bitter an[d] sooi' pricking to 
]>e doer, but it is a swete medecyn) for ])e soule ; and periore ec& 
man f&i is ri^thwisse, owith for to drawe vnto ))e serpent of* pen- 
aunce. Also at fe laste he drowe vp fe stiwarc) ; And so doith a 
rijtwisman) or a saynt; he oftyn) tyme drawith a man &o J>e dicti 
of synne by goode ensampelia And ))at we see by ensampifi of crist, 
Non veni vocari iitstos, set peccBiores, Crist saieth, I com not to clepe 
riji^wismeu), but sinfuii men) to penaunce. And so dude seneca ; 
he taujte ^ero, the ^Emperour, moch profit an[d] goode, But at ])6 
laste he dude as a wickyd tiraunt. For he made seneca, his maister, 
do be slayne. Also crist jafe power to ludas for to do miractis, as 

' leaf 199, back, ool. 2. 

[Second Version. Addit. MS, 9066.] 

fufl man, that drawetii god to hym by the corde of goo<$ vertues. 
he drew oute the Ape, that is, tiie contrarie wille to reason), for 
amonge bB. bestes he is most like to man. Right so wille amonge 
afi the powers of the soule, namly it owei£ to be like reason), and 
restyng ther^witfi. ^ Also he drew out the Serpent, that is, pen- 
aunce, and that for ij. thynges. the Serpent in his tongue hereto 
medecyne, and in his taile venyme; So penaunce to the doer is 
bitter, never the lesse it is better medecyne ; therf ore every rightf uH 
man owei£ to drawe ^ to hym the serpent of penaunce. Ajid atte last 
he drew out the Steward. IF Right so the rightfafi man by werkea 
of mercy drawetii out the synfuH man of the pitte of synne, and 
that by the ensample of crist, that came not to calle rightfuH men, 
but synners. IT And Senek* taught many profitable thynges to 
Nero, the Emperour, but in the ende he did slee Senek^ his maister, 
as the Steward did the poore man, for his good dede. V Also crist 
yaf* power to ludas, for to do myracles, neverthelesse in the ende he 

* leaf 33, back. ' to drawe to draw, MS. 


he dude to oihir apostolk, but in fe end he betraid crist ; and so it 
is nowe a days. For late many meii) p&t dredith hire god teche foolis 
fe sothe, and doctrine of heltK, The foolis ^eldith to hem ajen scome, 
and lyifi for goode. but fe lion) ^eldii^ x. assis chargid -wiiJi 
Marchandise, bcU. crist shal jeye to J>e ri^twisman) x. commaund^ 
mentys, chaigid wtt^ diuerse vertuys, by fe which ho may come to 
be richesse of ])e kyngdom of hevene. Also ^e Ape gaderith wode, 
Bcil. a man, as ofte as he doith dedis of charite, and ])at is to gadi' 
to-gedir wode; and it is likenyd to wode for fiB skile, for wode 
servith for too profitis,^ acU, to belding*, and to fyre. So dede of 
charite is not only plesing* to man, but also to ^e angelis of hevene ; 
and ^rfore it is saide J^is, Magis gaudiwai est angelia del super tmo 
peccatare penttenciam agents, quam super nonaginta nouem iustos non 
indigentes peniteTicia, Hit ia moi' ioy to fe angelis of god of oo 
synner doing penaunce, Than it is of Nyenty and nyne iuste men)' 
that nedith no penaunce. Also charite makith redy the house of 
heuene for ^ sowle. Also fe serpent ^af hym a stoone, y-colourid 
wtt^ threfolde colour. This stoone is crist, for skQe fat we mowe 
by penaunce plese hym; And pcrfor sei3rth lerome, Penitenda est 
secunda tabula post naujragium, Penaunce is the secunde table after 
naufragie. And ])at crist hym selfe is a stoon, he shewitiL an[d] 

* MS. A^Mi?fiti8 = p6rfiti8. ' mafl, MS. 

[Second Version, Addit. MS. 9066.] 

lost hym self. V Right so there are many children) of the devett 
BeliaH ; eM though some drede go<), and shew to the body and to 
the soule holy doctryne and profitable, they yeld to hym no thyng 
agayn), but eyeD for goo<). V Behold the lyou) with the z. asses 
charged, that is, crist shall yeve x. preceptis to the rightfuU man, 
charged, with dyu^rse vertues, by the whiche he may come to the 
richesse of the kyngdome of heven. V Also the Ape gadred stikkes, 
that is, alse ofte as man wilfully gettetii hym werkes of charite ; and 
that ia for to gadre stikkes, in as moche as stikkes are good and 
profitable to \j. thynges, that is, to make bote, and to edefie houses. 
II Bight so parfite charite heteth the soule; also charitee araieth 
ihe house of the kyngdom) of heveu), to the comyng of the soule. 
IT Also the serpent yaf hym a stone of iij. colours. This stone is 
crist, in )>at by penaunce we may gete this stone, that is, crist. this 
stone, that is, crist, is of iij. colours, that is, power of the Fadir, 


afifermith him selfe, saying*, Ego sum lapis viuus, I am a quik stone ; 
and )>e stone, ocil. ciist, is colonrid "with a threfold colour, Bed, wtt4 
myg&t of ])e fader, wit^ wisdom) of ])e soone, and wiVi grace of ^e 
holy gost. And dowteles he ))at hath this stoone shaH hane hahimd- 
aunce 'with owte defaute, ioy wtt^ onte hevynesse, and li^t with oute 
derkenesse, in fe k3mgdom) of henena And ])is stoone, set?, ciist, 
is so precious, p&t he may not be solde for siluer and golde, for 'with 
pe ri^twisman he shidi euer ahyde and dwelle. And yer£oT howe 
shuH we mowe haue him t Certenly by wey of penannce, and not 
by an othir way; and perfore saiyt^ Augtisfintis, VencUe haheo 
regnum celeste, I haue pe kyndom) of heuene to selle. And howe is 
]>at bou^t? Certenly by penaunce ,* and if we do so, we shuH not as 
pe stiward be hongidi in helle, but we shidi be sekir of pe heritage 
of heuene, as ben rijtwismen. Ad quod nos ducat ^c. 

[ LXVI. ] 

(thb stobt of the three caskets in the *' merchant of 


Ancelmt/« regnyd emperour in ])e cite of Rome, and he weddid 
to wife ))e kynge^ do3ter of Ieru«alem, ]w which was a faire 
woman), and long dwelte in his company; but she neuer 
conceyvid, ne brou^t fort^ frute, and peroi were lordis gretly hevied 

[Second Version. Addit M8, 9066.] 

wysedome of the sone, and the goodnesse of the holy gost IT he 
that hathe this stone, shaH have in heven habundaunce with out 
defaute, loye with out hevynesse or sorow, light with out derknesse ; 
and this stone is so precious, that it may not be sold for silver ne 
for goldf, but that it shaH alway dwelle with the rightfuH man. 
% how then mow ye have that stone 1 forsothe by penaunce ; and yf 
we do so, the Steward, that is, the vnrightfuH man, shaH be hanged 
in helle, and the rightful man in the heritage of the kyngdome of 
heven shaH ever ioye. to the which ^ Crist brynge vs I Amen. 

[ XV. leaf 24, hack. ] 

Anceline reigned in the Citee of Rome, that toke a faire maiden) 
to wyf ; and thei lived to-gedre longe tyme, and she conseived not, 
wherfore the lordes of the Empire were mekeH desolate. IT It befelle 

> leaf 34. 

IZVI. THB THBSB 0ASKKT8. 8T0BT. EARL. 7888 & ADDIT. 0086. 295 

and soiy. Happing* in a carteyne evenyng*, as lie walkii) after his 
Boper ia a faiie greenoy and fo^te of id ^ wordle, and specially ^t 
he had noon h^yr, And howe fai fe kynge of naplis strongly 
feriore noyed him eche jeie ; And so, whenne it was ny^t, he went 
to bedde, and tooke a slep, And diemyd this. He sawe the firmament 
in his most demesse, and mooi' der Juin it was wonyd to be, And ^ 
mone was moi' pale ; and on a party of ^ mone was a faire colourid 
brid, And beside hire stoode too bestia, ])e whicb norisshid ^e brid 
vriik hire heete and brethe. Aitir J>ia come diu^rse bestis and 
briddis fleyng*, and fei song so swetly, |»at pe Emparonr was 'with 
the song* awakid. Thenne on pe morowe ]>e Emperonr hadde gret 
merveile of ])is sweuen), and callid to him diyinours, and lordis of 
att ^ Empire, ^and saide to hem, " Deere &endis, tellitli me what is 
^ interpretacioid of my sweuen), and I shali wel reward you ; And 
but if je do, je shuli be dede." And then fsi saide, ** lord, shewe to 
vs thi dieme. And we shnH tdl ])e the int^rpretacion) of it." And 
then fe Emp^rour tolde hem as is saide before, Fro bigynnyng* to 
endyng*. And then J^ei were glad, and with a gret gladnesse spake 

> leaf 200, ooL t. 

[Second Vernon. Addit. MS. 9066.] 

on a nyght aftir souper, that the Emperonr walked in his gardeyn), 
and thought many thynges in hym self, and of that he had none 
heire of his body, and for that the kyng of pule werred ypon his 
Empire alway. V whan it was nyght the Emp^rour went into his 
chambre, to his bede, and had a dreme vndir Uiis forme. IT In the 
momyng he sawe the firmament in more clemesse than it was wonte 
to be, and the mone in it self* was more pale in the one partie than 
in the other. IT Than went out a liteH Biidde, coloured with double 
coloures, and beside the bridde ij. Bestes, the which norisshed 
togedre the bridde with her hete. after that come dyuerse other 
bestes, and bowed her hedes to the bridde. than dyuerse briddes 
come to-gedre, and songe so swetely, that the Emperour was waked 
of his slepe. IT Than the Emperour called to hym dyrynours, and 
the wisest men of aH his Empire, and said to hem, ''I sawe a 
dreme ; seith amonge you the interpretacioi]) thereof*, and ye shatt 
hane grete mede of me, or els ye shuH be dede.'* IT Thei seid, '^ sii^, 
toUe YS the dreme.'' The Emperoui' told hem the dreme' as is 
before said. IT And than thei anon) with a glad chore said, *^ Sir, 

' dremesy MS. 


to him, and saide, " Ber^ f\B was a goode sweueii) ;' For fe firmament 
])at pou sawe so clere is fe Empire, pe whicti bens forwan) sh^ be 
in prosp^ritej The paale mone is fe Emperesse, ])e wbicfi bathe 
conceivid, and for hire conceiving* is fe moi* discolourid ; The litili 
bryd is ]h3 faire sone whom ^e Emperesse shaii bryng* fortfi, when 
tyme comith ; The too bestis ben liche men and wise men, ]>at shij^ 
be obedient to thi childe ; ^e o])er bestis ben ofer foUce, ])at nener 
made homage, And nowe shuH be snbiet to thi h(>uo ; The briddis, 
fai song* so swetly, is ]>e Empire of Rome, |»at BliaXt ioj of fi childis 
burth ; and, sir, pis is fe interpretacioi]) of yo«*r drem." when J>e 
Empresse hurde pis, she was glad y-nowe ; and soone she bare a 
faire sone, and perof was maade moche ioy. And when pe kyng* of 
Kaplis horde pat, he thowte to him selfe, ''I bane longe tyme 
holdyij) wen^ ayenst pe Emperour, And it may not be but pat it wol 
be tolde to his sone, when pat he comyth to his f uH Age, howe pat I 
haue fou3t ali my lyfe ayenst his fadir. 36," thowte he, ''he is 
nowe a childe, and it is goode pat I procour for pese, pat I may 
haue rest of him, when he is in his best, and I in my worste/' So 
he wrote letieves to pe Emperour, for pese to be had; and pe 

[Second Versim. Addit MS. 9066.] 

the dreme is goo(). V The firmament, that is and was in more 
clemesse, is the Empire, that from hens forwarc^ shaH be put in 
more rest If The mone, that was more pale, is the Empresse, that 
for concepcion) is more discoloure(). The UteH bridde, that went out, 
betokeneth a right faire sone, that she shaH bryng forthe, whan 
tyme come. The two bestes, by the whiche the bridde was 
norisshedl, are alle wise men and riche, that shuH obeye to the child - 
in alle thyng. the bestes, that bowe() her hedes to hym, are moche -^ 
other folke, the whiche yit did no homage to your sone ; and in aH 
thynge they shaH be vndir fote. IT The briddes, that ^songen) so' 
nieryly, is aH the Empire of Rome, that shaH loye the birthe of the 
child." IT The Emperour was gretly gladed of her interpretacion). 
After this the Empresse brought forthe a child. IT whan the kyng 
of pule herd this, he thought with in hym self*, '' I have longe hold 
werre ayenst the Emp^our ; It may not be, but whan the sone shaH 
come to lawfuH age, it shaH be tolde hym that I have alway 
foughteb) ayenst his fadir. now he is a child, V Therfore it is now 
better to me to be in pease, that whan he cometh to age, he have 
no thynge ayenst me." IT The kyng anon) wrote to the Erape/X)ur 

> leaf 25. 


Emp^ronr seyng* Jat he dude fat moi' for cause of drede than of 
love, He sent him worde a-^en, and saide, fat he wold make h\m 
surte of pese, with condiciou) fat he wold be in his servitute, and 
jelde him homage aH his life, eche jer. Thenne f e kjnff caUid his 
conseil, and askid of hem what was best to do j And fe lordis of his 
kyngdom) saide, fat it was goode to folowe f e Emperonr in his will. 
** In f e first je aske of him surte of pese ; to fat we say f us, Thowe 
hast a doubter, and he hat& a sone; late matrimony be maad 
bytwene hem, And so f er shi^ be good sikirnesse ; Also it is goode 
to make him homage, and jelde him renter." Thenne f e kyng< sent 
worde to fe Emperour, and saide, fat he wolde fulfiH his wifl in e^ 
poyntys. And ^ive his do^t^ to his sone in wife, yf fat it were 
plesing to him. This answere likid wele f e Emperour, but he sent 
worde ajen, fat he wolde not assent to matrimony, but if fat his 
dorter hadde beu) a Yzrgine fro hire natiuite. The king* was 
herewith hiely glad, for his dojt^ was such a cleene vtrgyn. So 
lettetes were maade of f is couenaunt ; and he made a shippe to be 
ordeyned, to lede his doubter -with a c^rtayne of knyjtis and ladeys 
to f e Emp^our, to be mareyri with his sone. And whenne fei 
were in f e shippe, and hadde fur passid fro f e londe, per Rose vp a 

[Second Version. Addit MS, 9066.] 

for pease. The Emperour seyng that he diil this because of drede 
more than for love, IT he wrote agayn) to hym, and sai(), If that he 
wold make hym suerte of pease, and bynde hym self* to hym in 
servage, and do to hym homage, and yeld the rentes, he shuld 
take hym to pease. % The kyng called to hym his counsaile, and 
told hem what the Erap^rour said. Than the wise men said, *' It 
is good to fulfiU the Emperot/rs wille in all thyng. First he asketh 
of you suerte ; To that we say, ye haue a faire doughtir, and the 
Emp^oui' hath a sone; lette matiymonye be made betwixe hem, 
and so pease to be made withe outen) ende. IF Also the Eniperour 
asketh homage and rent«« ; it is good to fulfiH hem." IT Than the 
kyng sent messangers to the Emperour, that he wold fulfill his wille 
in aS thynge, and that he wold yeve his doughtir to his sone, to be 
his wyf. IT The Emperour sent agayn), and seid, " yf thi doughtir 
be a maiden) from her birthe to this day, he wold consent that his 
sone shuld haue her." % The doughtir was a maiden), the kyng 
her fadir anon) made redy a shippe, and put her thei' in, with 
knyghtes and ladies, for to lede her to the Emperour. IT Whan thei 

300 LXVI. THE THHEB CASKETS. 8T0BT. BASL, 7838 & AUDIT, 906«» 

preciouB stonys ; And with oute was sette ])is scripture, tJiei fai 
cJiese mCy ahu^l fynde [tn] wie \at god haft, dispoaid, Theise iij. 
vessellys tooke fe Emperour, and shewid Je maide, seying*, " Lo ! 
deei' dameseH, here ben tliie worthi vessellys, And if poM chese on of 
theise, wherein is profit, and owitfi to be chosyn), thenne ])ou shalt 
hane my sone to husbonde; And if fou chese ])at that is not 
profitable to ])e, ne to noon) othir, foisothe ^enne ])oa shalt not haue 
hym." whenne J)e dowter hurde f is, And sawe J)e thre vessellysy 
she lifte vp hire yen) to god, and saide, " Thowe, lord, fat knowist 
aH thing*, graunt me fj grace nowe in fe nede of ])is tyme^ acil, y&t 
I may chese at ])is tyme, wherthorowe I may ioy ye sone of fe 
Emperour, and haue him to husbond." Thenne she byhelde fe first 
vesseH, j^at was so sotilly maad, and radde fe superscripcioi]) ; And 
f enne she thowte, what haue I deservid for to haue so precious a 
vesseli, And Jo^ it be neuer so gay with oute, I not howe fowle it is 
W^'t^ Inne; so she tolde the Eraperour f&t she nolde by no way 
chese y&t Thenne she lokid to j^e secunde, ])at was of siluer, and 
radde the superscripcion) ; and thenne she saide, ''my nature & 
kynde askith but dilectacions of ])e flessh ; Forsothe, ser," quod she, 

[Second Vermon. Addit. MS. 9066.] 

nature desireth, IT The thirde vesseH was of lede, and fuH of nobils 
and precious stones with in ; and wit£ out was this scripture, he 
that ehal^ chese me^ in me shalA fynde that go& hxith. disposed for 
hym. IF Thise iij. vessels the Emperour shewed to the maiden), and 
said, ^* thise are iij. noble vessels ; yf thou chese one of thise, in the 
which is profite and availe, thou shalt have my sone ; and yf thou 
chese that is not profitable to hym, ne to none other, thou shalt not 
have my sone." V The maiden), whan she sawe the vessels, she 
lift vp her hondes to god, and said, IT "Thou, lord, that alle 
thynge knowest, graunte me grace so to chese, that of the Emperours 
sone I may have loye ! " IT Than she beheld the first vessett, and 
redde the superscripcion), and said, " what have I deserved to have 
so precious a vesselil what is witfi in I wote ^ never vtterly; 
Neverthelesse it shyneth wit^ out of fyne gold." Than she said, 
** this vesseli in no wise wHle I chese." IT Than she loked on the 
second vessel!, and redde the scripture that was thei' on, he that 
clieseth. me, shdVt fynde that his naiure desireth. IT She thought in 
her self, "If I chese this, I wote not what is with in But that 

< leaf 26. 


" and I refuse fis." Theime she lokid to Je third, fat was of leede, 
and radde J)e sup^rscripciori) ; And then she saide, "Sothly, god 
disposidi neiwrlviH; ForsotiL ])at which god hath disposid wott I 
take and chese." And whenne the Emperou^ sawe fat, he saide, 
'^goode dameseii, opyn) nowe fat vesseli^ and see what fou hast 
fondyn)." And when it was openyd, it was fuli of golde and 
precious stoonys. And thenne fe Emperour saide to hire ajen^ 
"DameseH, fou hast wisely chosen, and wonne my sone to thyn 
hushond." So f e day was sette of hire bredeale, and gret ioy was 
maade ; and fe sone regnycJ after fe decese of fe fadir, the whicfi 
maad faire ende. Ad qiiod nos jpeTducat / Amen. 


Deere frendis, this Empei'our is fe fadir of Heuene, f e whieb 
maade man or he tooke flessh. The Emperesse, fat conceivid, 
was f e blissid yiigino, fat conceivic) by f e Annunciation) of f e angiH. 
pe firmament was sette in his most clemesse, Bcil, f e wordle was 
lijtid in aH his parteys, by f e concepcion) of f e Empresse, our lady* 

[Second Version, Addit MS. 9066.] 

nature desiretB. Nature desireth alway delectacion) of flessh, 
therfore this vesseii in no wise I wille chese." IF Afterward she 
loked on the thirde vesseii, that was of lede, and that was fuH of 
nobles and precious stones ; and she redde the scripture, that was 
this, he that eheseih me, in me shdB fynde that go3 hathe disposed, 
IT She thought with in her self, '^ this vesseli ib not mekett precious, 
and neverthelesse the scripture seith, he that cheseth, me, in rne sha^ 
fynde thai god Jiaih disposed ; And it is in certayn) god ordeyneJ 
never eveli ; therfore this vesseH I wolle chese." IT The Empcrour, 
whan he herd this, he said, ^* ! goode maiden), open the vesseH, 
that we mow se yf thou have wele chosen)/' whan it was open), it 
was fuH of gold and precious stones. IT Than he said, ''01 good 
maiden), thou hast wisely chosen), therfore thou shalt have my sone." 
and so he ordeyned the day of the weddyng, in the whiche was 
grete loye. IT And after the dissease of the Fadir, the sone reigned 
as Emperour, and endid his lyf in pease. 

IF Beclaiacio. Frendes, this Emperoui' is the fadir of heven), 
that longe before the sone toke flesshe, for the whiche many 
perisshed,^ in as meketi as thei went to helle before the Incamacioii) 
of Ih6«u crist. IT The Empresse, that conseivid a sone, is blissed 

' MS. preched^. 

302 liXVI. THE THREE CASKEIfl. MO&ALITE. HABL, 7833 & ADDIT. 9063. 

The pale mone was pe state of our lady, lijtid and shadewid wit^ ]»e 
grace of J>e holy gost ; And not only in fe face, but in c^ ^e body of 
hire was maad faiie, and she wtt^ childe like as an othir woman) 
wei', In so moche ]>at losep wolde pn'uely haue lefte hire. The 
litiH brid, ])at passid fro pe syde of pe mone, is our lord ihe^u crist, 
^at was borne at mydny^t, And lappid in Clothis, and sette in pe 
crybbe. The two bestis ben J^e oxe and fe asse. The bestis, j^at 
come fro fer parteys, ben pe herdis, to whom J^e angiH saide, Ecce 
anuneio vobis gaudivaa magnum, lo ! I shew to you a gret ioy. The 
briddis, ]>at songe so swetly, ben angelis of hevene, ^at song gloria 
^in excdsis Deo. The king*, that helde suche werre, is mankynd^, 
yeA was contrarie to god, while p&t it was in power of ))e devifi, But 
when our lorde ihesu. crist was I-bome, thenne mankynde enclyned 
to god, and sent for pese to be had, when he tooke baptime, and 
saide, pst he ^af him to god, and forsoke pe devifi. l^owe J^e king< 
3afe his donjt^r to fe sone of fe Emperour, set?, eche on) of vs owe 
to 3ive to god our soule in niatnmonye ; for he is redy to Beceyve 
hire to his spouse, As is saide, Osea, Disponsabo earn mihi, I shaH 
wedde ^e soule to me. But thenne, or \K>vi come to pQ palys of 
hevene, pou most go by a gret see of this wordle, and in pe ship of 

' leaf 200, back, col. 1. 

[Second Version. Addit MS. 9066.] 

mary. The firmament, that was put in more clerenesse, Illumynet& 
the world by concepciou) of goddes sone. The pale mone is the face 
of the blissed virgyne mary, that was shadowed with the holy gost. 
% The liteH bridde, that went out of the one partie, forsothe is crist. 
The ij. bestes were the Oxe and the Asse. The bestes, that come 
from ferre countre, are the herdemen, to the whiche the AungeH 
seid, IT ^' Behold, I shew to you grete loye, for this day is bora) the 
savyour of the world," IT The briddes, that songe so swetly, are 
the aungels of god, that songen), loye be to god above and pease to 
men, of good wiUe in the erthe. IF The kyng of pule is att 
mankynd, that whan he was in the power of the fend, man was 
contrarye to god. % But whan our lord was born), anon) man 
enclyned to god, and sente for to have pease, whan eche of vs 
asketh ^ baptyme. IF Also the kyng yaf* his doughtir to the sone of 
the Emperom' in Matrymonye. So crist is redy to take thi soule to 
his spouse, but before or thou come to the paleys of heveu), thou 

* leaf 26, back. 


good life. Thenne ros yp a gret tempeste, bcU, tribulacion) of ]}e 
wordle, temptacioo) of flesh, and sugiestion) of ]>6 deviH ; And so by 
theise tempestis ben ofte*tyme drencbid ]ye vertuys )iat ])ou tooke in 
baptime ; Neaertbelese ^u sbalt not faH out of ]^ ship or ]>e boote 
of charite, If ^at ]»oa bolde ]>e in a faste hope, and bileve j For as 
^e apostiH seit^ Spe salui facH «umus ei inpombUe est sine fide 
ealvari, we ben y-savid thorowe goode hope, And it is inpossible to 
be I-sayid mih oute goode bileve and feit^ The whale, ^at 
folowitii, and svith for fe maide, is ))e devifi, ^at is abowte nyjt and 
day for to kiH |»e sowle. And periote late ys smyte fire of charite 
And of loye fro ^e ston) of crista which seiyth, Ego sum Lapis 
angulariSy I am a comer stone; and ceitenly while it is ])is, ))e 
deviH may not noye ]>e. Bat many vnwise men doith as dude ^e 
mayde, thei cese, and am wery of hire goode werkis, and slepith in 
synne; And when ]>e deviH siBitti j^at, he drenchith ]}e synner in 
IviH thowtis, and IviH consenting*, and IviH werkis. And ))erf ore, 
if ^t ]k)U feele ))e in sucK life, And so be in ]w develis power, do 
thenne as dude ^ mayde, smyte ^ deviH wtt^ ]h3 knyfe of penaunce, 
And li3te the fire of charite. And wtt^oute dowte he sh£^ caste J^e to 

\aec(md Version. Addit. MS. 9066.] 

behovest to passe the see of this world, in a bote of holy lyf. 
but whan thou art in thi bote, there arisetfi a grete tempest, that is, 
tribulacion) of the world, temptacion) of the flessh, and suggestion) of 
the fende, that drowneth ofte sithes the vertues ^and the grace that 
thou resceivest in thi baptyme ; for that thou shalt in no maner falle 
out of the shippe of charite. % Also the grete whale, that folowedf the 
maiden), is^ the deveH, that nyght and day is besy to drowne the 
soule in synne. do thou therfore as the maideii) did ; Smyte fire of 
charite of the stone, that is, of crist, and the deveH shidi not noye 
thob If But many begynne wele l^e the maiden), but afterwim) 
thei were wery of good werkes, and slepen) in synnes ; and anon) 
the deveH swoloweth the synner. IT If thou fele thi self* in suche 
lifi, that is, in the power of the fende, do as the maiden) did ; with 
the knyf* of bitter penaunce smyte the deveH, and light vp fire of 

1 — t By an oversight of the scribe nearly four lines are here repeated, 
but with some variations d\ffiouU to account for, if the MS. was merely a 
transcript. Thus for shippe he writes bote, and for maner he has wise. 2%e 
repetition is given in the teat, the words firstly written are as follow : 
'* that t/um resceivest in the baptyme not for that in no wise falle not out of 
the bote of eharitee f I%e grete whale thatfolowede the maidene is " 


^6 lond of goode life, woH lie neH be. The Erie, ^at come wtt^ his 
seruauntis to ale ])e whale, is a discrete confessour, ^at dwellitK 
biside fe see, acU. biside fe wordle, and not in fe wordle, aeil, in 
wordly dilectacion) ; And he with his wordis of holy scripture shaH 
file ^e devitt, and do away his power, and deliuer him fto ^e deviH, 
BO ]>at he cry as dude ))e dameselle, acU, by confession), And thenne 
he may be norisshid by goode werkys, and so be sent to |»e kingdom) 
of hevene. The Emparour shewiJ to ^e dameseti: ig. yessellis, acU, 
god settit£ afore a man life and dethe, goode an[d] IviH, And fat 
that he woti chese, he shatt haue. And fer£oie salomone seiyt^ this. 
Ante hominem mors et vita; quod plactterit dabitur ei, ymmo 
nescimus si digni sumus vita vd morte, Afore a man lietfil bothe life 
and [dethe], ))at that likitb him he shaH haue, but we knowe not 
whedir that we ben worthi life or detb. And ferioie saide a 
certayne saynt, in yitis patrum, this in v^rse, 

Sunt trfa qiie htxt 
Jtte facinnt stpe tioUxt 
'Sat frimum \iuxum, 
Hiuoniam %tw mt moritttrttm ; 

This 18 to say, 

^re tf^inQM ben, in fa?, 
tl^at ma(i4 me to sorofM all 

Moriar, set nesdo g«antro» 

tnue magis flebo, 

Quia nescis quo remanebo* 

^ to M S sbsUe f^enne ; 
IBin otbir, IE not neiur loben ; 
TS^t tbirne to mp most care, 
S tDOt not tobetbtr 3E sbaU (^xt. 

BecunduWi illud in vitas patrum, Ther ben i\j. thingis ))at I drede ; On 
is, ))at I shaH passe ; ano))er is, I not when, and come afoi' fe dome ; 

[Second Version. Addit. MS. 9066.] 

charitee, and he shaH cast the to lon() of goo() lyf*. IF The Erie, 
that come with his servauntes to sle the whale, Is a discrete 
confessour, dwellyng by the see, that is, the worldl, the whiche is 
redy with wordes of holy writte for to slee the deveH, that is, for to 
put away his power, and to delyver hym fro the. IT Do thou 
therfore as the maiden) didi, Criyng with an high voise, beyiig a-know 
of thi synnes to thi confessour ; and so maist thou be norisshed in 
good werkes from the power of the deveD, and be sent to the 
kyngdom) of heven). IT The Emporour shewed the maiden) iij. 
vessels, that is,^ god putteth before man lyf and dethe, goode and 
EveH; whiche he cheseth, that he shati' have. II wherfore 
iSalamon) seith, before ^man is ^ lyf and dethe; that liketh hym shidt 

' mannefl, MS. 


The third is, I not whedir ])e sentence shaii go for me or f^enst me. 
By ]>e foist vesseH, ])at was foH of deede bonys, vs most vndirstonde 
J>e^ wordle, or wordly men, — And whil For ri^t as fe vesseH was 
shynyng* wit^oute, and wet^ Inne was but dede bonjs, so it is by ])e 
myjty men and riche men of ]>is wordle, ])at hat^ golde, and goodis 
shynyng^ly, and havith hire werkis dorke, and deede by dedly 
synnys. And ^^rfore, man, if ^ou chese such a vessel, bcU, sucH 
a life, certenly \om shalt fynde then ]>at ))oa 'deservedist wiL Helle ; 
And such may be likenyd to faire sepnlcris, ^e which ben maade 
faiie wtt^oute. And rially omyd wit^ precious clothing* of silke and 
of palle, And wit^ Inne ben nothing* but deede bonys. By \h 
secunde vesseH, |»at was of silu^, we vndirstond ]>e my3ty iuges' of 
this wordle, ^e which in hire speche shynytil lyke siluer, And is not 
but aworme or erthe, bcU, shaH not yn J>e day of doome ben moi* 
worth )mui wormys, or ellis worse, for if ^ei dey in synne, thei shutt 
haiie pdrpetuelt peyne. And such is sette afore our yen ; 3ut ^od 
defende vs, ]>at we take no such life, ])at we leese not ^erfore j^e 
life ^at is eu^lastyng* 1 And by ))e thirde vess^, ^t is of leede, 
we shuH vndirstonde simple life, which ))at \% chosyn) childryn of 
god chesith, ^at ^ei mowe be weddid to ihe«u crist In a simple Abyt ; 
* )7at )}e, MS. ' leaf 200, bock, ool. 2. ' magtf«, MS. 

[Second Version. Addit MS. 9066.] 

be geveid hym ; neverthelesse we wote not whether we be worthi 
lyf or dethe. II By the first vesseii of gold, fuU of dede mennes 
bones, we shiJi vndirstond the world or worldly men, as are thise 
riche men that shynen) with out as gold, but with in thei are fulle 
of dede mennes bones, that is, aH the werkes that thei have ^done 
in this world thei are dede as vnto god, by her dedely synnes. If 
thou may chese suche lyf, than shalt thou fynde as thou hast 
deserved, and that is helle. suche are like gay sepulcres, that with 
oute are araied right fedre, and that somtyme with clothes of silke 
and of gold are covered and hilled, but with in thei are but diye 
bones. IF By the second vesseli of siluer we shuH vndirstonde 
domysmen, wisemen, and myghty men of the world, that shyneii) in 
her speche as it were siluer, but with in thei are wormes and erthe. 
II By the third vesseH of lede we shulle vndirstond a syraple lyf*, 
that are tho that are goddes cboseii) children); for thei chosen) a 
symple vesture, and a meke, and are subiecte to obedience for god. 

' leaf 27. 

GP.8TA. 20 

306 LZTII. THS pirate's DAUORTEn. STORT. BARL. 7838. 

And sucb fynditli and havitH precious stonys, seil. merjiorj weAes, 
plesing to god, for ]>e whicll fei shnH in \te day of* dome be weddid 
to god, and haae J)e heritage of hevene. Ad guam nospetdueat &c 

[Second Version. Addit MS. 9066.] 

^ SncK beien) precious stones, that be meritorie werkes, pleasyng to 
god, for the iirhiche at the day of dome thei shuH be wedded to god, 
and shaH have the heritage of the kyngdome of heveii). to the 
whiche god biynge ys I Amen. 

[ LXVIL ] 



Antonius regnyd a wise Emperour in ^ cite of Borne; and as 
he went on a tyme by ^ see-syde, he sawe howe ^at pint!, 
BcQ, theyis of fe see, hadde taken the sone of a giet myjty 
man, And bioujt him in to ^e prbon) of* ^e Emperour, £iste y-boonde. 
This yong* man wrote to his fadir, praying* him to be^ him out; 
But pe fadir sent word ayen, and saide^ That he wold not bye him, 
ne pay no goode for him» And when ^e yong* man hurde ])e wordis, 
he wepte sooi*^ ]>at noon might confort him. And fe Emperour 
hadde a dowter, yat vsid euery day to visite ]>is pnSson), And to 
comf orte ye yong* man in afi ^at she myjte ; And then ye yong man 
wolde saie to hire ^us, " what ioy or comforte shulde I make, ]>at 
sitte I-bounde in pnson) fro sight of ali men, And also my fadir is s6 
vnkynde, ^t he woH not pay my rautisom) for meP This mayde 
hadde of him gret pyte, in so mocb yaX she seyde, ''I haue giet 
sorowe for ye in myne herte ; and ]>erfore, if yon wolt graunt me oo 
thing* yat I shali aske of ye, I^ shaU deliuer ^ fro afi ]>is Angre, 
BcU. yet yon. wedde me, if I deliuer ye/* ** ^is," quo^ he, ** and 
yerto I 3ive ^e my truthe." Thenne she deliueryd him out of 
prison), And stale awey mih him to his fadir. And when) ^e fadir 
sawe his sone, and ^e damesefi wttA him, he askid of him wherto 

> and I, MS. 

LXVII. THB pirate's DAUOHTEa STORY. EARL, 7333. 307 

she was ytiih him. " Sir/' quoJ> he, " for she deliueryd me out of 
prisoh), And J>erfore she shatt be my wyf." J?enne saide J)e fadir, " I 
wolle not assent Jerto, hy no man^, fat she be J)i wife, And J)at for 
two cawsisj The furste cause is fis, for she knewe wele ])at hii* 
fadir my3te haue had for J^i ranson) grete goodis, and sithe she 
deliuered ))e so frely, she duJ grete prdiudice and harme to hire 
&dir ; And sithe she is vnkynde and fals to him, no doute of she 
may not be iuste to )>e. That othir cause is this, ])at whenne she 
deliuered ])e, it was not for cause of pyte, it was for cause of lust ; 
For whenne she deliu^red ]>e, she took ]}i trowthe ])at she shulde be 
\i wife ; And ])6rfore, sithe she dude it for Iuste of flesh, f ou shalt 
neu^ haue hire to wife." Thenne spake f e dameselle to ])e furst 
reeon) and cas, and saide, " Sir, ^er )>ou seiyst I was vnkynde to my 
fadir, J^at is not soth ; for my fadir is a riche lord, and nedith not 
of his goode, For he was poore and simpiH, And hadde nothing*. And 
J>erfore, for ]^ grete pyte that I hadde of him, and of his gret nede, 
I tooke of me boldly to socour him. But f ou fat bigat him, fou 
forsoke him, and denyed him ; And so I dude non) harme to my 
Fadir; for my fadir was riche y-nowe. And of thi sone he my^te 
haue hadde no moi^ but haue pynyd him in pnson). For fou saidist, 
yeX f on woldist not pay for him ; And so I was mor^ kynde to fi 
sone fan f i selfe. And f erfore he is moi' holden) to me than to fe. 
To fat of er reson), wher as f ou saiest fat I dude it more by cause of 
Iuste, I say that it is not sothly saide of f e. For Iuste risit£ of 
Faimesse of a man), or ellia for his strenght ; But f i sone was not 
streng*, for fe disese fat he had in pnsone toke it fsom him, Ke 
he ^was not faire, for he was aS disfiguri() in fe pnson); and 
ferfore I say, only pyte mevid me to do as I dude, & not Iuste." 
Thenne spake fe sone to f e fadir, and saide, ^' Fadir, whenne fat I 
was in pmH of perisshing*, I wrote to f e, for to be deliuered of f e. 
And fou woldist not do it ; But f is dameselle delinked me fro dethe, 
& savid me, and ferfore douteles she shaH be my wife." Anoon he 
weddid.f e dameselle, and in faire pes endid, &c. 

> leaf 201, col. 1. 



Deeie frendis, ^b Emperour is the Fadir of heyene, )>e whidi 
legnyd alway in bevene. The childe, ^at was y-take, is i^ 
mankynde, take by develis for ^e syime of ^ furst fadir Adam ; the 
which mankynde was y-put in ^e prison) of belle, and holdyn) in 
grete sorowe. The fadir wolde not bye him, bciL )>e wordle, ^e 
which is his fadir, in ])e same manar, for by him he is sustenyd. 
The dou)t^, ^at is so faire, is ^e godhede, Yrhsn he come down) 
fro heuene to erthe, and ioynec) him to manhede, when he took* 
flessh and bloode in ]>e virgine marie ; and so he made gostely 
matnmonye with man), And he deliue/yd vs vndir ^is condicion), ^at 
our souie shtdde be his spouse; as witnessith ]>e wordis of Osea, 
Desparuaho earn mild, I shatt wedde hire to me. And so he lefte 
^e courte of heuene, and of angelis, and dwelte with vs here in fia 
wordle. but ^e fadir, Bcil. fe wordle, grucchith ayenst ys, And 
wold not ^at ]>e soule wei' )>e spouse to crist, but ^at we seme aH to 
it. And if ^at we plese the wordle, Certenly we fafi into p^ 
gilder of ^e devel, For aH )>e wordle is^ sette in wickidnesse ; And 
^^ore lat ts fle fe wordle, and take refute in oiiste, and by 
good Argument we shuH haue fo kyngdom) of heuene. Ad guod^ 
perducat &c. 

[ LXVm. ] 


Donatus regnyd Emparour in fe cite of Borne; And he dude to 
be sette in ^e temple iij. ymagis. And on of hem hadde a 
finger leching* to fe peple, And in his ^mg^ a lyng* of golde; And 

> it» MS. * quoi, MS. 


[Second Versiork AddU. MS. 9066.] 

[ XXVI. leaf Ze, back. ] 

Onatus reignedl in Bome, that did make in the Te&ple ig. 
ymages. One had his hand strecched forthe to the peple, and 
on lus fynger a gold ryng. The^ other ymage had a golden) 

I That 


an oper ymage a beid of golde; And pe thirde hadde a mantelle of 
pttrpnie. whenne pea ymages were y-maade, the Emperour 
commanndid, vp peyne of detfi, f&t noon ahold spoile hem, ne do 
hem hanne ne wrong*, bcH. of pe lyng*, of the beidy-(» of pe mantelle. 
Hit happid in a certayne tyme, ^t per come a tiiannt, namyd 
Dyonidus ; And he enteryd into ^e temple, and stale pe ring fro the 
first ymage, ^e herd fro ^e secunde, [and] The mantelle fro ^e thirde. 
Sone he was perioTQ accusid, and brou^t to-fore pe Emperour; And 
per he was repreyid, as man ^at I-spoiled pe ymagys, ayenst pe 
commanndement of pe Emperour. Thenne [he] saide, '' sir, I may 
not ezcilse me but ^at I enteryd in to )>e tempiH ; But towching pe 
oper crymys ]>at ye put to me, I answer' thus ; the fiirst ymage put 
out his honde to me, as who saiytti, take of me ^is ring* at my 3ifte, 
And perioie I tooke the ring* ; And whenne I sawe ^at othir ymage 
haue a goldyzi) berde, I thought to my selfe, I knewe ^e f adir of 
^is ymage, And he hadde neuer no berde of golde, And it is no 
reson) ]yat be be hyer ]>an Ids fadir. And per^oie I tooke of him ^e 
berde, for he ahulde be lyke to his fadir ; whenne I sawe pe thirde 

[Second Vereion. Addit. MS. 9066.] 

berde ; IT And the third had a manteli of ^urpure and^ gold. 
H whan the ymages were made, the £mp6?'our comaunded, that no 
man shuld dispoile^ the ymages, on payn) of hangyng and drawyng, ne 
to^ hem do no disease, that is, to take a-way the Bynge, the Berde, 
ne the Mantefi. IT It fiUe on a day,^ that a Tyraunte, whos name 
was called^ Dynnys, wente into the Temple, and toke away the 
Bynge fro the first ymage, and the Berde fro the second ymage, and 
the Mantett from® the thirde. Anon) he was take, and brought 
before the Empfirour, and was accused of the trespasse, that he had 
apoyled the ^ymages. If ''Sir," he said, ''it is lefuH to me to 
aunswere. Whan I first entred the temple, the Image put forthe 
first* to me his hande, as he had said. Take this Bynge W my gifte ; 
and therfore I toke the Bynge.* And aftir that, I sawe the second 
ymage have a goldyn) berde ; and I fought in my hert, that I knew 
his Fadir, that had never no^® goldyn) Beide, and that it Vas ayenst ^^ 
kynde, that the sone shuld be hyer than the Fadir ; and therfore I 
toke fro hym the Berde, that he shuld be like his Fadir. If And 
aftir^ I sawe the thirde ymage, witlL^* a Mantett of purpure^^ and 

' purpilltf and of. ' spoyle. ' Om. * tyme. ' Om. 

• f ro^ passim. ^ leaf 87. • Om. • Om. *• a. " is agayne. 

" afterward. " that had. ^* purpill«. 


ymage wiHi his mautett, I thouglit in mjiie herte, ^at )>e mantelle 
Avas good for me in wynt^r, And ^e ymage hadde no nede ]wiof in 
-wynter for colde, Ne in somar, for thenne it wolde be comerons, 
and \>erfore I tooke away fe mantett, And nowe ye^ ^hane hurde 
myn Answeie." And ))enne saide ^ Emp&ronr, ^])(ni haste fouly 
answerid." And he saide to him, ^sey why fan hast spoilec) ^e 
ymagLB, sith I chargid fat no man shuld do it ; Thyne owne mouthe 
hath dampnyd the." And J>^ore he smote of his hed, &c. 


To spekyn gostly, pis Emp^rour is ^ f adir of hevene, ])e whick 
hath sette up iij. ymagis in the temple of piB wordle, acil. poore 
men, wise men, and myghty men. This tiiannt signifieth lostids, 
sherrevis, and bailifs, And such as takith away firo poore men and 
sympitt a ryng*, ncil. hire goodis ; And )^ seiy th, *' may we not take 
hem, when thei ^ive ts hem ; " For if a poor^ man bane ojt to do 
among hem, if ^at he wolde be spedde, anoon he pnttith forth his 
bond to jive hem. Also )>ei take away pe herd of Bichesse, pai is, 

* no weye, MS. ' leaf 201, ool. 2. 

[Secojtd Vernon. Addit. MS. 9066.] 

gol() ; and I thought, that in wyntir a golden) mant^ shuld be cold, 
and theifore the ymage neded not the manteH in cold wyntir, ne 
in Somer, For it is bevy ; and therfore I toke a-way the golden 
mantett." IF Than^ the Emp^rour said, "wikkedly thou hast 
aiinswered, whi thou shuldest more robbe the ymage' than ^any 
other man, sithen)^ I comaunded, vpon)^ payn) of detbe, that no man 
shuld do to^ hem no grevaunce ; thi mouth hath condempned 
thi self*." If The Emperour called one of his Squyers, and seic^ 
^ go fast, and smyte of his hede." and so it was done.^ 

f Deolaracio. Frendes, this Emperour is the Fadir of heyen)^ 
that reieed yp the iij. ymages in the temple of this world, IF That is, 
poore men, wise men, and myghty men. IT The Tyraunt, the 
Thcefe, is lustices, Sherefis, and BalUies, that taken) a-way fro the 
poore men the golden) rynge, that is, her goodes, and sayen), " may I 
not take it, whan he yeveth it me 1 *' IF For whan the poore man 
ha the ought to do, nylle he wille he, he shaH put for^ his honde 
for to yeve hem, yf he woUe spede. IF Also thei taken) a-way the 

* 0/n. ' ymages. ' other men sfaolde, sethe. 

* on. * Om, • do. 

liXIZ. THB BTOBT 01 OONSTAKGE; 8T0BT. BAML. 7393. 311 

when ^t )>ei 86 a man gadery or puichesse, Thenne ^ei aej^ '^loo ! 
he is a carle, And wolde be moore than his syi* was ; late yb take fro 
him ^ Eichesse ; " And ao ^i take awey ^ berJ of Eichesse, hj 
cayillacions and shynyng* wordis. And by fe manteH I yndirstonde 
a man sette in hye dignite, whiche YsitK to conecte Ivel men and 
women ; For per wott shrewis arise ayenst him, and sey, )Mtt he is to 
boiatous to many, and to warme, And knowitli not him selfe, to 
woode by his power, and to coueitous ; And ^erfore such a mao) ])ei 
accuse, And makith him be deprivid of his ofSce. And ^rfore alle 
theise iij. man^r of wickid men shofi be dampnyd to deth bi hire 
owen werkis, when ^ei come afoi' ^e luge. And pe luge, BciL criste^ 
Amende ys alle, And send ys heuene blisse ! Amen. 

[Second Vention. AddU. MS. 9066.] 

golden) herd, that is, whan thai sene a man gadre richesse, or basre 
grace, AnoD) thei sayen), ''se this chorle "vnlle be more than his 
fadir ! Take we fro hym the Berde of richesse, for it is I-nough to 
hym to be like his Fadir.** IT Also by the golden) mantel! is 
Yndirstoncl man in dignyte, that gladly the smale ooirectes. the 
^nalefSsM^tours conspireii) and sayu), he is oYer ooUl, or seyn), he is 
OYer bote by coYetise, or OYor steme by mygfat; wherfore suche one 
ihei aocuseu), and for his offence thei damj^en) hym. and idi sacho 
evett doers dyen) an CYett dethe. 

I LXIX. ] 

(the 8to»t of oonstanob in chauobr's ^'uan of law£*s tale/*) 

Merdans legnyd a wiae Emperour ; and he had weddi J to wife 
pe kyngys dowter of hungery, fe which was a faire woman, 
and fun of werkis of mercy. So in a eerteyne tyme, ^e 
Emperour as he lay in his bed, purpoeid to Yisite ye holy lond ; And 
J^rfore in ^e morowe he callid to him pQ Empresse, and his brothir. 
And ])enne he saide, ^* Dame, it may not be laynd, or helid, or kepte 
fro ^e, ^at I wott to pe holy lond ; ^at is my ful purpose ; and 
^6rf ore I ordene and sette pe in my stede, for to rule and gou«me pe 
Empire, in worship to me, and profite to my peple." Thenne saide 
she, " sithen it may be noon othir way, be it don as pan wolt haue 


it, And I slial be turtiH in your absence ^t badde lost biie make : 
for I trowe ))at ye wott turn home i^en in goode belthe.'' The 
Emperour confortici hire \riih faire and swete worde«, and kiste hire, 
and tooke his leve, and passid his wey. whenne he was gon, his 
brothir wex pront, and depressid riche and pooi', And jit stirid the 
Emparesse to synne ; but she, as a goode woman shulde do, seide 
]>at she wolde not by no way assent to synne, as long* as hire 
husbonci livid, but he wolde not leeve so, but euermoi' stirid 
hii^ \€r\jo^ whenne ' ^at he myjt fynde hire by hire oone. At ^e 
laste, whenne ^e Emperesse sawe j)at he wold not be corectid, ne 
amendid of his foly, she callid to hire iij. or ii\j. worthi lordis of 
the Empire, and saide to hem, '^ Sens, ye wete welo, ^at my lord 
maad me ])e principaUe of his Empire, and ])at his brothir shulde 
be stiward vndir me, Aud ^at he shulde not do wtt^oute me ; And 
be depressith, as ye see wel, pooi^ and simple peple, spoilith liche 
and grete, and mooi' harme wolde do, if^ ^at he myjte; For ]^ 
which I charge you, ))at ye strongly bynde him, and caste him in 
p*tsoii)/' Thenne saide ^ei, ^'certenly, he hath do mekeH IviH silft 
he went, And J>crfore w/t^ glad hertis we shuH fulfill your wiH." 
Anoon) ^ei laide hondis vpon him, And bond him in \% ^^riooii^, wiA 
bondis of yre ; And there ^ he was many day. So at pe laste word 
come, pat )>e Emp^rour was in comyng< home ; And ])enne thought 
he to him selfe, ** If my lorde come horn), and fynde me hei', he wott 
spei' the cause of myne enpr^nement, and ])enno she wo¥t telle him 
]>e cause, howe )>at I temptid hire to synne. And )»enne shaH I neuer 
haue grace of him, and happely lese my life." And' thenne anoon 
he sent a message to )>e Empresse, p[r]ayinge hire ]>at she wold fowche 
safe to come to pe pnsou), and speke "wiiJi him a word, whenne }e 
Empresse hurde )>e message, she com doii), and askid of him what he 
wolde. Thenne said he, ** gentiH lady, haue mercy on me, for if my 
lord fynde me her*, I am but ded." " If y knewe," quoJ> she, " that 
pou wolde leeve thy foly, And pat I myjt fynde pe a goode honest 
man, jit )>ou shuldist haue grace." And he saide, ''Jis;'' and 
perto he made surte of feith. Thenne she broujt him out of pe 
pn'soii), and gert bathe him. And clyppe him, and shave him ; And 

• it, MS. ' )?<rrfore, MS. ■ leaf 201, col. 2. 


thenne she araide him in precious clothing*, and saide to him, 
<< Brothir, nowe take ^i palfiray, and come wtt^ me. And ride wUh 
me ajenst our lord." The empresse rood to meete -with him, unth 
fiB stiward, and many othir lordis and mjnystris, in a grete multitude. 
Aud as thei wei* riding* fer ran an hynde in ^e wey, with a swifte 
pase ; And feume att ]yat sawe hire svyd aftir with houndis, as hard 
as thei my^te, So pat noon was lefte yriih pe lady, but only ]>e 
stiward. And when he sawe ]>at, he said, ** Dame, heere bisid is a 
pnve forest, and it is long* sit& I lovid you ; go we nowe ]>idir, and 
lat me play wiiJi the." Thenne saide she, ^* sey, foole, howe menyst 
))ou ? dude I not ^isterday deliuer ]>e out of pnison), for pou. sholdist 
leeye ^i foly, and nowe )k;u tumyst ^erto soone ajen f I telle ])e 
nowe as I dude afore, ^at per shali noon do it wtt^ me but myne 
husbond, )>at may chalange it by lawe." Thenne saide he, " forsotb 
and but ^u assent to me, I shafi hong ^e by the heii' vp on a tre 
here in ]>e forest, wher neuar noon shatt mete wtt^ the, And so povi 
shalt haue a fowle ende. ^''Thenne saide she, ''And ^03 ^u smyte 
fe hed fro my body, and vse in me ali maner of tormentis, pon shalt 
neuer compelle me to synne.'' Thenne he nakid hire evene to pe 
amok, and hong* hire by pe heeris vp on an Oke ; And he bond hire 
horse by pe tre. And whenne he hadde don) pna, he rood to his 
felowis a3en, And saide, ^at a gret multitude of peple had stolyn) and 
Bavisshid pe lady from hym ; And perfote was maade gret sorowe 
oner aH the Empire. Aftir, wtt^in thre days, ther huntyd an Erie 
in pe forest ; And as ^e houndis ronne after ^e wolfis, thei felte a 
sauour, and lefte hii* rennyng*, and tooke hire cours ynto pe tre. 
Whenne pe Erie sawe ^at, he merveilide hiely, and smot pe horse 
wit^ pe sporis, and pursuyd, tiH he com to ))e tre where the lady 
heng*. And whenne ^e Erie sawe hire hong* ther by ^e heeris, he 
hadde gret compassion) of hire, by cause ^at she was so faire ; and 
saide to hire, " sey, woman), what art ]>ou. And whi hongist pou ^ust " 
And she was on live, by pe mirakiH of god, and saide to him, " I am 
a woman of* straunge centre. And howe I hong* hei' I not ; god wot ! " 
And thenne saide pe Erie, " whose horse is pia, ^at stondit& by ^e 
tie ? " ♦' Sir,'' quof pe lady, " it is myne." The Erie t^owid she was 

» leaf 201, back, col. 1. 

314 T.XIX. THS 8T0BT OF 00K8TAK0B. 8T0BT. MAML. 788$. 

some grete gentifi woman), and hadde of hiie fe moif pite ; and eaide 
to hiie, ^' A ! deei' head, poxk semyst a gentili womao) and dame. I 
haue at home a litili cbilde to dowter, And if fon wolt yndirtajce to 
nori^ hire vp, and teche hire, f<m shalt be deliu^ryd ho this peyne, 
And ^erto hane goode Eewaid." Thenne aaide she, '* sir, in as moche 
as I may I wiH folfille jcur wHle." |}e Erie took hiie downe, and 
brou^t hiie to his casteH, and took his doi^^t^ in to hiie kepyng* ; 
And ferioie she ley in ]>e same chambir ^t pe contesse lay in. And 
fQ contesse hadde a dameselle ligging* bytwyne hiie and ^ Empresse, 
and eaery nj^t was lijt biennyng* there in a lampe ; And she bare 
hiie so wel, ]»t she was loyid of ail men. Bat ^is Erie hadde in his 
hail a stiwaidy and he lovid moche ^ Emperesse, and ofte tym) spake 
to hire of synfafi lore. And euer she answeiid to him ayen, and saide^ 
^t she hadde y-made a yowe to god, ]yat she shuld nener love noon 
by such maner love, bat him ^t Jw lawe of god wolde ^at she lovid. 
Thenne saide pe stiward, wtt^ gret indignacion), "pou wolt not 
giaonte me by no way 1 " Thenne saide she, ** no, what woil ^e moi' 
ferofi I woil kepe pe vowe )>at I haue maade to god." The stiwaid 
}ede away, and ^3te, *^ I woil be yengid of )»e, if I may." It happid 
in a ceiteyne nyjt, ^at ^e doi' of pe Eilis chambii was I-lefte opyxi) ; 
& ]>e stiward perceyvid it, and went in, And fond aH on slepe. 
And whenne he fond aH on slepe^ he lokid aboate by l^t of pe 
lampe, And sawe fe bed of ^e Emperesse ; And whenne he sawe fe 
Emperesse liggyng* with the Erlis doojter, he diowe oat a knyfe, and 
cutte the ^throte of tlie childe; and thenne patte pnayHche fe 
knyfe in the hond of pe Emperesse, foi intent pBi fe loid^ whenne 
he wakid, myjt see by the li)t of pe lampe pe blody knyfe, and dome 
in his herte ^at she hadde slayne pe childe with hiie owne knyfe, 
and so to jive hire IviH dethe. Aftii ail tliis, ^t p^ stiward hadde 
slayne pe childe, and patte pe knyfe in the hond of pB Emperesse^ 
It happid pe contesse to wake ; And as she lokid yp, and oat ie^ the 
bed, she perceyyid howe peX pe Empresse hadde in hiie hond a 
blody knyfe. And wtt^ tiiat 6i3t she was ny out of mynde. And 
saide to hire hosbond, wit^ an hye yois, " Ser, ser, awake, and loke 
to pe bed of ^e lady, and see what she holdith in hire hond t" The 

' leaf 201, back, ool. 2. 

LXIX. mjC 8T0RT OP 00N8TAN0E. STOBT^ EARL, 7339. 315 

Erie wakid, and lokid to ^ becl ; And whenue he sawe ]w blody 
knyfe, he was not a litifi trowbelid in spirite, And cride to hire, and 
saide, ''Awake, ])ou woman), what is ^at in thi hondel" Thenne 
pe Emperesse awoke thorowe ciyinge, And pe kny^ feH out of hire 
honde ; and she lokid aside, and sawe ^e childe ded, and felte fe 
bed full: of bloode. Thenne she cryde wit^ an hye voys, and saide, 
" Out Alias 1 my lordis doubter is slayoe ! ** Whenne fe countesse 
hurde ^at hiie doubter was ded, she cryde to hire lorde with a 
soroufutt Yoys, and saide, *' go ale ^is deviU or woman), whedir she 
be, ]>at ])us halA slayne our doubter" And ]>en \te countesse spake 
to |ie Empresse, and saide, '' It is opynly seeyn), ^at pon hast kilde 
my childe wtt^ pi knyfe, and w»t^ thyne owne hondis, And pertow 
pou shalt haue a fowle delA." Thenne saide pe Erie to hire, wt tA 
gret sorowe of herte, ^' Woman), if drede of god were not, sothely I 
wold smyte thyn) hed fro pe body wttA my swerde ; sithen I savid 
pe fro deth, and p<m now hast slayne my dou^t^r. l^euar^elese for 
me shalt pon haue noon) harme ; but sone, I charge pe, go out of my 
centre, for if eu^ I f ynde pe alter piB day in myne count[r]e, sothely 
pon shalt nener ete bred." The^ Empresse was fuH of sorowe. And 
dude on hire clothis, And took hire palfray, and rood toward pe eest ; 
And as she so rood by pe way, she sawe a paif of Gralowis on pe lefte 
bond, And Cacchepollis ledyng* a mad), for to be ded. The Empresse 
movid thorowe pite, smot pe hors wtt^ ^e sporis, And went to pe 
lebet, and saide to pe cacchepollis, ** Deer' ftendis, I am redy to bey 
pia man fro dethe, if ^e wott saue him for mede." ^ ^isy" qnop J^L 
So pe lady accordid wiih hem, and savid pe man ; And thenne saide 
pe lady to him, '' Deere freml, be nowe fro hense forward a trewe 
man), sitb I savid ^i life." '^is, lady," quo^ he, ''and peX I bihote 
pe.** And so he folowid |>e lady. And whenne ]^i were come ny 
a cyte, the lady saide to him, "go afore in to ]w cite, and Ordayne 
for me an honest hostery." And he so dude ; And she dwelte in pe 
cyte by many days, And men of pe cite had hye menraale of hire 
fairenesse. And ofte tyme spake to hire^ for doyng* of synne, but p^ 
my^te not spede. Happid soone aftir, ^at J^eroome a shippe, I-chaigid 
wti^ many mansr of Marchaundise ; And whenne pe lady hnrde speke 

> Thas, MS. 


ferot, she sade to hire s^maunt, " go to ^e shippe, and loke if fon 
see ony goode dothis for me.** The saroaunt entrid ^e shippe, and 
fonde per many diuerse precious clothis ; And he saide to pe maister 
of the shippe, pat he shulde come, and spake vfith his lady. The 
maist^ giaonted. The seruaunt :)ede home agayn), and tolde hire 
howe fe maister wolde come. So pe maister come to hire, and 
worshipfully salusyd hire ; And pe lady spake to him for cloth for 
hii' weryng*, And he grauntid hii'. So the samaont ^ede ajen -with 
him to pe ship ; And pan pe maister saide to him, " Deei^ frend, I 
wolde shewe to pe my consaile, if I may triste pe ; And if povL woH 
my consail kepe, sothly I shaH wele reward pe for pi mede." Then 
saide pat opir, '^ I wdft swei* vpoh) a booke, pat I shaii kepe thi 
consail, and perto helpe pe, in a& pat I may." Then saide pe maister, 
** I love hii' more pan pon wolt leve, ther is in hire such a faimesse. 
And perf or I wold ^ire all the goode pat I haue, for to hane of hire 
my will ; And if I may haue hire by thyn) helpe or consail, do aske 
of me what pou wolt, and I shall pay pe." Thenne saide the 
seruaunt, '' tdl me how pou wolde I dude, pat she weere at the^." 
Then) saide he, *' pon shalt go to hire, and say to hire, pat I woH not 
late out my cloth by no way to no creature, and so make hire come 
to me to shippe ; But late hire not come to shippe tiH tyme pat ther 
rise a gret wynde. For thenne I shall leede hire away -with me. And 
she shaH not scape." *^ This is a good conseil," quop pe traitour ; 
*' but ^ive me my mede, And then 'I shaH fulfill your wilL" when 
the traitour hadde receiyic) his meede, he went to his lady, and 
tolde hire howe pe maister wolde not sende his dotk oute of his 
shippe, — "But he prayd you, pat ye woH come down) to pe watir, 
and per ^e shuH see and haue clothis at your owne wilL" The 
lady trowid pe traitour, and went to pe ship ; and when she enteiid 
pe ship, pe traytour seruaunt aboode witAoute. And then pe maister, 
seyng* a gret wynde to rise yp, he sette yp sayle, and f aste rowyd ; 
And when pe lady perceyvid pis treson), she was gretly meyid in 
mynde, and saide, '' what kynnys treson) is pis, pat pou hast y-do to 
met" "Kay," quop he, "it is noon) othir treson) but pat I shaH 
comune witA pe fleshly, And wedde pe to wife." Thenne saide sbe^ 

* me, MS. ' leaf 202, ool. 1. 

LXnC THB 8T0BT 01 OONSTANOB. 8T0BT. Bini, 78SS. 317 

'' Sir, I haue maade avow to god, ^t I eihaH neu^ do ^t tiespace, 
but yrtth him ^t I am bounden to in lawe/' '* Sey not so," quof 
he ; '^ ^n art nowe in mydde* of pe see. And ^^or but fou consent 
to me, I shaH caste pe in mydde« of pe watir." Thenne saide pe lady, 
'* sitK it shidi be so, ordeyne me a place in ^e ship, And I shatt do 
^y will or I dye." The maister trowid to hire wordis ; and she 
drowe a cnrteyne, when she was in, betwyne hire and him ; And 
thenne she knelid doii)^ And made hire prayeris to god in theise 
woidis, " My lord god, ^t hast y-kept me firo my jowthede, kepe 
me now in ^is^ hour, ^t I be not filid, ^at I may jive pe my sowle 
wit^ a dene hert." when ])is oiisone was y-maad, ])^ ros Tp so gret 
a tempest in fe see, ^t pe shippe brake, and aH were adreynt, 
excepte }e lady And the maist^r. The lady drowe to a bord, the 
which bare hire to )>e londe; And ]w maister tooke an othir boid, and 
so passid to pe londe. But neith^ of hem knewe of otheris saluacion). 
The lady went to an Abbeye of nonnys, and ther she was worship" 
fully receivid ; And dwelte ^^ long*, and liyicl an holy life by long* 
tyme. In so moche ^at god lent hire grace ^at she heelid many syke 
folke ; And ^arfore aU syke in euery syde pe Abbay drowe thedir to 
be heelid, And ioyef ully were sped. Nowe ^e brothir of hure husbond, 
]»t hongid hire by pe heii', was a foul lypre ; The kny^t ^at slowe 
pQ Erlis dou)ter, and putte the blody knyfe in hire bond, was def 
and blynde ; The saruaunt ^t hadde bytrayd hir, was haltyng* ; And 
ye maister of pe ship was halfe out of mynde. when the Emperour 
hurde telle, ^t suche an hooly and a Ytfrtuys woman) was in sudi a 
place, he saide to his brothir, ** Deere fiende, go we to ^at abbay, 
^t pe hooly woman) may heele ^ of )u lipre." Thenne saide he, 
*' ^ lord, if I shulde." Anoon wtt^oute tareyng* The Emp^rour, in 
his owne persone, tooke his brothir, and went to }e nonnys ; And 
when ]>e nonnys hurde telle of pe Emperours comyng*, Thei went 
ayenst him with procession). The Emperour enspered of the pn oress, 
if ^at per were ony such an hooly woman) therynn) among hem. And 
she saide '' 3&»" i And he baade, ^at she shulde come forth ; And ^ei 
maade hire come forth, and speke with pe Emperour. The emperesse 
hydde hire face wOh a vrympiH, for she wolde not ben y-knowe ; 

I in |>iB in piM, UB. 


And 80 she come to him, and wonhipfuUy she salnsid him. And 
ihenne ^e Empdrour saide to hire, *^ faiie lady, ean ye heele my 
bzothir of lepi' f If ye conne, aske of me what ye wott. And ye shnfi 
haue it" The Empresae lokid abowte hire, and she perceyrid that 
fe biothir of pe Empe ronr stood per a fotd lepi^, and wonnys spronge 
oat at pe yiaage on e<^ syde ; And for ^e Emp^rour was per with his 
sike brothir, aA syke peple that was per abowte com) thedir to be 
heelid. And thenne saide ^e Emp^resse to pe Emperour, '* Ber^ if ye 
gaf me b& your Empire, I may not heele your brothir, but if he were 
confessid Among* ail pe peple.'' ^The Emperour tumy<¥ to his brothir 
And baad him make opyn) confession), psA he myjt be dansiJ. 
Thanne he maade confession) of sfi his life, Except howe ^t he hongid 
pe Emperesse by pe heyris, but' that wold he not towche of. Thenne 
saide ^e emperesse to pe Emperour, ''sir. If I putte medecyn) to 
him, it is but reyn) psA I do, for he is not ^it fully confessid.'' 
Thenne pe Emperour tumjd^ to his brothir, and saide, ^^pon 
^oman)^ what soory wrecchidnesse is in ^e) Seist pon not wele, 
pat povL art a lothly lypi^f wolt pon not telle aH forth, ^t povL 
may be maade hoole & cleene) Shryye pe anoon), or ellys poa 
shalt be putte out of my company for eu^rmore. '' A ! lord," quo^ 
he, ''I may not shryue me, tyl tyme ^at I haue surte of ^i 
grace and mercy." Then saide pe Emperour, ''What! hast ^u 
trespassid vnto me)" "Jis, sir," quo}» pnlt othir, "I haue hiely 
trespassid ayenst you, And perlare I aske mercy or I shalle sey what 
it is." The Emp67X)ur thought no thynge of pe Emperesse, for he 
trowid pai she had ben ded many day afore ; And ^erf ore he saide 
to him, "teH boldely' what pon hast trespassid ayenst me, for 
dowteles I forgive the it." Thenne saide he, howe ^at he stirid ^e 
Emperesse to eynne, And per£oie hongid hire by pe heeiys. 
Whenne pe Emperour hurde j^at^ he was ny wood in herte, and 
saide, " A 1 false harlot, veniaunce of god is taXt vpon) pe ; And if I 
hadde knowyh) ^is byfore, I shulde haue put ^e to ])e fowlist deth 
^at ony man myjte haue." Thenne saide pe knyjt, ^t slowe pe 
Erlys doubter, " I wote not of what lady je ^spekyn, but per heng a 
lady by pe heyre in such a forest, and my lord pe Erie tooke hire 

■ leaf 202, col. 1. ' that^ MS. ' boodely, MS. * leaf 202, coL 2. 


dowii), and brong&t biie to his casteH, to be his noriahe ; and I lay 
abonte to synne, and ibr I m jjt not bane my wifi of hire, I slowe 
my loidis dowter, ae sbe lay slepyng* with biie in }e bed ; And 
J^nne I putte }e knyfe in ye bond of ^ lentilwoman)^ for sbe 
abnlde beie fe bkme fer of ; And ^^rfore fe Erie putte bune out of 
bis Erldom, but I not wbedir sbe becom, after fai tyme." Tbenne 
saide fe tbef e, pe tnutour, ** I knowe not of wbat lady ye speke, but 
yer was a f aiie lady fat savid me ftome det^i fro ^e iebet, wben I 
sbolde baue be bongid, and paide for me a grete sunuite of money ; 
and aftir ^t I falsly bitiaici biie to a maister of a sbip, )^t be 
sbulde bane hire to bis concubyne ; And wben) I badde Tndir a 
gret trayne broujt bire to bis sbip, he sette Tp sayle, and ladde hire 
away ; but wbat bifelle aftirward I ne wist, ne wbedir sbe bicome." 
Tbenne saide )»e maister of ^e ship, ''sotfQy and sucbe a lady 
leeeiyed I into my ship, by decey te of bire Sdniaunt ; And wbenne I 
was Wit^ bire in myddys of ^e see, I wolde haue synnyd with hire, 
and sbe tumyd hire to praiyng*; And wben sbe badde maad hire 
praiefiSy ^enne fer los a tempest, & brake ye ship, and [all] was 
dre3^t, And I socourid me witiL a bord, and so I was brought to 
londe ; Bat wbat bicon) of ]yat lady, wbedir sbe was dreynt or savid, 
I not." Then cryde the Emperesse wit^ an bye yois, and saide, 
**)e ben 1^ deene confessid, and ^^ore I vrcHi nowe medecynys 
put to yoo." And so sbe beelid hem att. Tbenne ^e lady sbewiJ 
bire face Among* hem aft. wbenne fe Emp^rour badde knowlicb 
of bire, be nm for gladnesse, and balsid hire, and kist bire, and 
wepte right soore as a cbilde for gladnesse, and saide, " nowe blessid 
be god, for I bane founde ]»t I haue biely desirid I ** And with 
moche ioy broujt bire home to fe palys^ and faire life endid^ in pea 
and in charite. 


To our gostely purpos ^is Emperour is our lorcl ibera crist ; the 
wife is ^e sowle of man ; The brotbir of ye Emperour is man), 
to whom god jivitll cui' of his Empire, bcU. of bis body, but 
principally of ye soule. But tbenne ^e wreecbid flesh ofte tyme 
stirith ye soule to synne; But ye soule, ^at lovith god afore att 


thing*, And eu^ wit/tstonditti Bjnne, takitH his power, acil. teaoW 
and yndirstonding*, And suctL a fle^ ^at vro¥t not be obedient to fe 
spiiite, he makith to be pnsonid in ]>e prison) of penaunce, til tyma 
^at he woH obey vnto reson). Thenne ]>e Emperour is to come horn) 
fix) ]>e holy lond, Bcil. crist comity to a synner, bcH pattii£. him in 
pe mynde of a synner. Thenne fe ajimer thenkitfi on him, And 
crietH for grace; And as ofte tyme as he hatb hope ]>at he hatb 
grace, he is bolde to synne ayen; But a-yenst suche a man^ spekitfi 
scripture, and seit& ^us, McdedictxiB homo qui peccat in spe, Cursid 
be ^e man) ]>at synnit^ in hope. And so ^e soule ofte tyme endinetb 
to it. And latitb it go out of ]>e prtson), trustyng*; and ])€rfoTe 
wasshitb of all: fe filthe, and clensitH it wiVi goode y^rtuys, and 
makitH it go Tpon)^ ^e hors of charite, & to lyde in goode werkis, 
^at he meete yrith god in ^e day of pask. But ofte tyme ^ synne?* 
tiespassit^ by fo way, in )>e hooly tyme. And an hynde. ansitb rp, 
aciL dilectacion) of synne, and ail ^ wittys rennyt^ after, Thorow 
werkyng* of synfuH werkys ; And houndys, sdl. shrewde thowtys, 
eue7*moi^ berkith, and entisith so, fat a man, acil. ]>e flesh, and fe 
soule stondith and abidith stille, and livittL to-geder wtt^ute ony 
vertu. Thenne fe flesh seith ^at, and what doitli he but stirith pQ 
soule, which is fe spouse of crist, Tnto synne. But ]>e soule, fat is 
80 lovid and weddid to god, woH not leeve god, ne graunt to synne ; 
And ^erfore ^e wrecchid flesh ofte tyme spoUet^ a man of his 
clothing*, acil, of goode vertuys ; And then he hongitH him rpon an 
oke, acil. wordly lore, by fe heire, sct7. by Ivel, and be wrong* 
couetise, tiH tyme yai ther come an Erie, set/, a prechouf, or a 
discrete eonfessour, in ^e forest of ]>is wordle, for to hunte thorowe 
'preehyng* and goode conseilyng*, berkyng* and shewing* of holy 
scripture ; and so he bringith ]>e lady, acil, ]>e soule of man), to hia 
house, acil, hooly chirche, to norissh his dowter, acU, conscience, in 
werkis of mercy. This Erie hath a lampe, sei7. a eonfessour or a 
prechour, And bif oi* the ye of his herte pe lampe of hooly scripturei 
yn ^e which he seith knowlyching* of ^e soule, and vertuys in 
serving*. The stiward, fai askid hire of synne, is pryde of life, ]>e 
Hrhich is stiwan) of fe wordle, by fe which many ben deceyvid ; 

' men, MS. ' opyn/?, MS. * leaf 202, back, col. 1. 


but fe soule, ^at is so biloyid with god, woH not assent to pryde ; 
but ofte tyme he proferit& to a mao) a purs fuH of gold and siluer, 
And castitH. a-fore his yen), and so he sleith pe dames^, sciL hooly 
conscience; and ^rfor it is Tvretyn ^us, Mmiera excecarU^ oculoa 
iudicum, et perueriunt sapientes, ita qyiod Veritas vd equitas non 
potuit ingrediy set stetit a longe, et iudicium. retrorsum conuereum 
vidit, This is to say, ^iftis blyndith ])e yen) of iuglB, And peni6/'tit£ 
or tumith into wers wise men, so ]>at truths or equite myght not 
entery, but stood a-farre, and sawe ]>e dome tumyd bacward. and 
such ben to be put out of fe h,ipjpe of holy chirche, as was fe lady 
from fe Erldom). Nowe she roode att one, and sawe a man lad to 
]>e iebette. s^ris, a man may be ladde to deth by dedly synne ; And 
)>erfor do as dude fe lady, when she smot fe hors wi't^ pe spores, 
and savid ^e mannys life. So do poxx smyte and prikke pi fleshe wtt^ 
penaunce, And helpe pi nejebor in his nede, and not only iqi 
temporaH goodis, but also in spiW^uali goodis and gostely conf ort ; 
And ]>erfore seiyth salamon), Ve soli/ wo be to him ^at is ati one I 
8Ci7. lyvyng< in synnys, for he hath noon helpe, wherby pai he may 
not ryse a-yen. And ^rfore haste ]7e, and help p^ and ])i nejebour 
out of p% dich ; for man pBi is not, but if he ^ive a drynke of water 
at ^e Beuerence of god, but ^at he shsdi be rewardid perioie. But 
many ben vukynde, as was ^e thef e ^t deceiyid ]>e lady, aftir p9X 
she maade him to be savid, As doith many p^X ^ildith IviH for good ; 
as seyit^ Is. Ve Ulis, qui dicunt bontaai malum, et malum honum, 
wo be to hem, ^at seiyth and callith good IviH, and IviH good. 
The maister of pe ship is j^ wordle, by ^e which many ben deceivid 
in pe see, scU, yn pe wordle. pe ship is brokyn) as ofte tyme as a 
man) chesith wilfully pouerte. And for cause of god obeyith to his 
prelat ; and thenne he hatith j^ wordle, and all his couetise, for it 
is vnpossible bothe to plese god and ^e wordle. The lady ^ede to pe 
selle ; so ^e sowle tumyth to hooly life fro wordly vanyteys ; And 
so a& )^ wittis, by which the soule was troubelyd are' slayne, by 
diu69'se infirmiteys, as yen) by wrong couetise, heryng* by bacbiting*, 
as glad for to here bacbiters, and bacbityng< and detraccion), and so 
of othir. And perfore pe soule may not IviH be seeyn) witA crista 

' MS. ezcetant. ' MS. and.. 

GEffTA. 21 


hire spouse, tiH tyme pat fe yen) be openyd. The eeris hen jivyn), 
and tumyd to helthe, And so of othir witlis. And if pat it come 
^is ahowte, dowteles )>e sowle shati: go with enst, hire spouse, to ]>e 
palys of heuene. Ad quod iim ducat ! Amen. 

[ LXX. ] 


(how a jealoub steward fell into the trap which he had 

LAID tor another.) 

Lamarfcinw regnyd emp^rour in ^ cite of Eome ; and he helde 
in howsehold iriih him ])e sone of his hrothir, whom he moche 
loyi(), And ])e name of ^at childe was fulgendus, And euery day he 
mynystrid to ^e Emparour of drynke. And in ^ same tyme per 
was in ^e same place a stiwaitl, ])at was stiwarJ of d& ])e Empire, 
and he was his eem ; and he had giet enyie of ])is childe, ]yat ]^ 
Emparour loTid hym so moche, And ^erfoie he stodeyd ny^t and 
day, howe pat he my^t make discorde betwyne pe Emp<?rour and ]>is 
childe. So in a cMeyne tyme, whenne the stiward perceivid \q 
Emparour in chambir, and araiyng* him to bed, he went to him, and 
saide, ^* Sir, my lord, I haue a certeyne conseil to shewe be-twix you 
and me." *" Sey," quop J>e Emperour, " for heere beii) nowe but we 
two." Then saide )^ stiwaid, '' sir, ^Is childe fulgencius, peX is your 
cosyn), and pek ye love so moche, fowly defamith you ower att the 
Empire, wsU, |»t ye ben infecte vfiXh infirmite of lepre, in so moche 
^at he may not, for stenche pat comith fro you, stond by you whenne 
pat he biyngith you drynke ; And perfore euer whenne he comith to 
you wttA diynke, sothly as soone as he hath take you drynke, he 
tumith arway his hed." when pe Emparour hurde theise wordis, he 
was not a htili y-grevid, and blewe vpon) pe stiwaid, praying him to 
te& him pe sothe, whethir he hadde ony sauour of lepre, or no. 
Throne saide pe stiward, '* nay, sir, by my goode life, for ye haue as 
Bwete a sauonr^ as ony man) of pis Empii^." Thenne saide pe lord, 
*' How may I Come to pe sothefastnesse in pis cas, and see pe falsnesse 
of pis boyi" "Sir," quop he, "and I shall telle you not; but 

' leaf 202, back, ool. 2. ' floaour, MS. 


biholde wele ]>e next tyme ]>at he shall serve you of drynke, be it at 
meete or in chambir, and ye shuH see, ]>at as soone as he hath take 
you fe Coppe, as soone he wofi tume away his heel, ]>at he woH not 
feele your savour ; And thus may je welt preve, )>at it is soth ]>at I 
I say." ^*po\x saiyst soth," quo)) J>e Emperour; "per may be no 
better prefe." Sone after ]>e stiward went to ]>e childe Fulgencius, 
and tooke him to a wati, and saide, ^' Deere frend, pou. art, as fou. 
saiest and knowist, wele ny sybbe to my lord, for he is thyne Eem, 
and fou art his cosyn) ; and, soue, if fo\x wolt conne me goode thonke, 
I shafi wamy ^ of a fawte ]>at pou hast, wherby my lord is hiely 
IviH apayd ; and it grevith him so moche, ]>at he is ofte tyme in 
purpos to putte ]>e out of his palys. And he shamith to speke to pe of 
pe mater." Then saide Fulgencius, " now, sir, for his love ]>at deyde 
on the cros, teH me what fawte it is, pat my lord dispisiHi my 
company for, and I am redy to amende it. And do aftir goode consaiL" 
Then saide )>e stiward, " Jpou hast an Ivil and a stynking breth, in so 
moche pat my lord thenkit^ euer, when pat pou bringist pe ooppe to 
him, pat he wol<l cast* it in thi face, he felith so fowle a stynche 
of the, when pou comist vrith pe coppe." Then saide Fulgencius, 
"sir, I beseche you hertely to telle me soome goode conseil and 
helpe in this cas.'' Thenne saide pe stiward, " if thow woll do after 
my conseil in pis cas, I shal bryng* aH to good ende." " )\b, sir," 
quop he, " pat I desire nowe bifore aH thinge«." Thenne saide pe 
stiward, ^ as ofte tyme as pou bryngist pe coppe to him, and hast 
deliue?^ it to him thenne iwne pi face fro him, pat he feele no 
stenche of the ; And do thus, till tyme pat we haue ordeyned soni) 
medecyn) for pe." Fulgencius trowid him wel, and all his wovdes, 
and saide pat he wold do his conseiL so in tyme that he mynysterid 
pe coppe to pe Emperour, and hadde ytake it in to his hondis, Anoou 
he tumy($ his visage ho him. when pe Emperour saw pat, he was 
not litiH IviH apayd ; he lif te vp his f oote, and gafe him a spume 
a-^en pe brest, and saide, '* fye on pe Kibalde ! for now I see wele it 
is true, pat I haue hurde of pe. go out of my sijt, for pou shalt 
neuer lenger abyde with me." Fulgencius wepte, and maade moche 
sorowe ; and pe Empei'our callid to him pe stiward, and saide, " what 
is thi best conseil, teH me, how I shaH best be vengid on pis brothcH, 


|)at lie were out of yia wordle, J>at hath fuB defamyd me ? " " Jis, 
sir," quo)) ))e stiward, " I can telle you wele y-nowe. sir," quo)) he, 
*ye haue hei^ biside men Jat havitii great plente of fire, for stonys^ 
to be brent in your lyme-pyttis; and perioT sendith to them a 
message pia same nyjt, to bidde hem to bren him in hire fyrys, ))at 
sliaH come fuist to hem in ])e morowe, and saie to hem, ' haue ye don) 
]7e commaundement of my lord ) ' and ))at thei do so, in peyne of detH. 
And, sir, ye shuU sey to f ulgencius ouer nyjt, ))at he rise on pe morowe, 
go to your werkmew, and say to hem, * Haue ye not do my lordys 
comTnaundement 1 ' And then fei shul by your commaundement take 
him, and caste him in ))e ^e ; And thus by this way he shaH haue an 
Ivill detfi." the Emperour callid to him fulgencius, and saide, " I 
charge ^, in peyne of deth, ))at fou. rise yp to-morowe, and go 
hennys iij. myle to my werkemeo), whei> as )>ei brennyth stonys, 
And aske of hem, if ))at fei han don) my commaundement, and ellys 
tel hem, ))at ])ei shul be ded." Fulgencius sette aH his thougl&t to 
spede ])is erende, and forto rise by tyme in ))e morowe. In ]>e 
meene tyme, ))e Emperour hadde sent out in fe nyjt a jemar) vpon) 
an hors to 'the werkemen, that he shulde charge hem to be erly yp; 
and if ))er come ony suche man to hem, and saide that his lord 
askitb of hem, if that thei haue don) his comaundement, that they, 
in payne of deth, take him, and caste him in ))e fire-pitte, and brenne 
bim to boonys. " we ben) redy," quof thei, " to do this deede redely." 
The messager turnyd hom a^en), and tolde ))e Emperour that it shuld 
be don). In the morowe Fulgencius rose yp, and maade him redy to 
do his erende, And ))03te non) lyill ; And fortli he went, wit^owte 
tareyng* in ony place, til tyme ))at he hurde a belle ryng« at a chirche ; 
and turnyd in, and hurde masse. And soone afbir fe leuacion) ])er 
com) ypon) him suc& a slombring^, that he mygl&t not forbere but he 
Thost nedis slepe ; and }er he slepte a gret while so sayourly, ))at ))e 
preste ne non) othir my^t fynde in hire herte to wake him. In ))e 
meene tym) ]>e stiward hadde gret desire to knowe how ))at it stoode 
with him ; And he come to ))e werkemen), and saide, '' Siris, haue ye 
not do }e comaundementis of my lord, |)at ye wot ofr' "Ko, for- 
sothe,** quo)) fei, " but we woH nowe bigynne." And anoon) ))ei' 

' for stonyB for stonys, MS. ' leaf 203, ool. 1. * the, MS. 


Bdtte hondis in bim. And he lokid, and ravid, and cryde out,^ 
" what woH ye do I Nolite / Nolite I do not so ! do not so ! for my 
lord baad it shulde be Fulgencins. ^e woB be lome for me ; late me 
go 1 " Thenne saide thei, '' that tolde he not to ys, but he sent to 
Y8, and saide, ^t we shulde take him that com furst to vs, and ]>at 
saide, ' haue ye don) my loidis commaundement 1 ' that we shnlde, in 
peyne of detfi, take him, and sling* him in our ovyn) ; And say J^ou, 
sing* \ax^ \om shalt haue non) o\er grace than as we saL** And so 
thei tooke him, and brent him to boonys. Soone aftir Fulgencius 
was wakid, and com) to hem, and saide, " ^eris, my lord askiHi if ye 
haue don) his precept and his bidding* T' ''3a>" quo)^ thei, ''a litiH 
afore fe was it don).'* " I pray you, at fe Eeuerence of god, tellith 
me what fe comaundement was ? " " Forsothe," quo)) thei, " we were 
chargid \^\» we shulde take him ))at com furst to ts in ))e morowe, 
and saide the worded ])at thi selfe hast seyde, and cast him in \^ fire, 
and brenne him to powdir ; and for )>e stiward com furst to vs, and 
saide ^ same wordis, therfor we haue brend him." when fulgencit^ 
hurde theise wordis, he wiste wele, } at Falshede and trayne had ben 
Tsid ; And he thonkid god, ])at so savid him. he tooke his leeve of 
^e werkemen), and went home to ]>e palys. when ))e Emperour saw 
him, he hadde gret merveil, and saide, '' }>ou was not this day at my 
werkemen), and saide to hem as I saMe to )>e." " 3i^ ser," he saide, 
^ and I was thei'. And thei had don) it, er \ai I com to .hem.'' 
" How so % " quof ))e Emperour. " sir, for ))e stiward was fev afore 
me, and saide, ' is not my lordis wil don) 1 ' And for he saide ))oo 
wordis, thei tooke him, and caste him in hire fins; And so if I 
hadde come afore him, it shulde haue ben don) to me, and ^erfore I 
thonke hiely my god, ))at ))us hat& savid me fro deth." Thenne 
saide ^e Emperour to him, '' by the ot& that ]>ou hast made to me, 
telle me ye soth of that I shali aske ^e.'' *^ Sir," quo]> pe childe, 
'' I trowe ]>at ^e fond neuer falshede in me jit. And ]>d7'fore I haue 
gret m^rveile in my spiritLs, whi ^at ye ordeynyd such a detii for 
me, And I am your owne brothir sons." '' Sone," quo)> pe Emperour, 
" it is no meryeil, and ))at )>ou shalt wele see thi selfe, by ^at I shatt 
aske of the ; for I ordeynyd to )>e fat deth, at conseil of ^e stiward, 

' out out, ' 8. 


bj eattse ))at poM defamiste me oner alt the Empire, and hast tolde 
))at 1 was infecte with lepie, And ferof com firo me so abhominabil 
stench, ))at no man my^te feele it ; and in tokne ferof thow tomist 
away fro me thyne bed, when fou. broojtist me the cnppe. And for 
I sawe ]ns with myne yeii), therfor I ordeynycF such a deth, And )it 
wol ordeyne for the, but fan conne fe better excuse the." Then 
saide Fulgencius, " sir, if it lyke you, huritii what I shatt say, And 
ye shuH hei* a foule conspiracion) and trayne, ]>at ye neu^ hurde 
Buche on bifoi*. The stiward, ))at is nowe ded, com to me, and saide, 
))at ye saide to him, fat my brethe stanke so foule, ^at it was dispite 
to you my presence; And ))erfore he conseilid me, ))at I shulde, 
when I broujt you ))e Coppe, tume away my bed. I take god to 
witnesse, ^at it is no lesing* ))at I say vnto you." The Emperour 
gafe goode credence to his wordis, and saide, " A 1 Deei^ f rend, the 
stiward is fallyn) in his owne diche, by ))e Eight wisdom) of god. 
This false ordinaunce hadde he maade, for envy that he hadde to ]>6. 
Bone, be a goode maii), for fon art moche bondyn) to god, Jmt thus 
hath kepte the fro dethe.'' 


Deere frendis, )ris Emperour may be callid a prelat of hooly, 
chirche. Fulgencius is callid a cristyn) man chosen), which is 
sette att yndir discipline of ))e prelat ; for he owith to mynystre and 
offre to ))e prelat )>e cuppe, acil, iethmges of aH trewe getyn) goodes )Nit 
he hath, by ))e which prelatys and men of holy chirche shulde live. 
Fulgencius, bcU. ))e goode cristyn) man), f&t is true mynysti' to god. 
And the prelat, is moche lovid of god, and wele rewardid, But the 
stiward is Envious at it^ acU, enerj wickid man), )>at ben) membris of 
the devill, as is caym). such men ofte tyme tumith ^e hertis of 
trewe cristyn) men), seying* that fe ^prelat is smetyn) with lipre, Bcih 
neithir plesinge to god ne to man ; And that is ajenst Holy scripture. 
And suche wickid men ofte tyme accusith the true peple to the iuge 
by Falshede ; and suche men at the laste ben y-caste in to euyi- 
lasting* fire. And the true peple shatt go into euerlasting* blisse, And 
be savid fro the fowle dethe of belle. Fro the which deth he kepe 
vs, ))at with his bloode bought vs, And bring* vs to lus blisse, That 
ncuer shatt mysse 1 Amen). ' leaf S08, col d.. 


[TTie remaining stories are from MS. AddU. 9066, vnihf where po^ 
siblSj a second version from Canib. MS. Kk, 1. 6.] 

[ XVIL AddU. MS. 9066, leaf 28. ] 


Annans leigned in the Citee of Home, the whiche amonge aH the 
goodes of the world he loved mekett to playe witK hoondes 
and hawkes. IT It fiUe ones, that he went to a forest, forto 
hunte the hert ; and sone he sawe an herte come rynnyng before 
hym, and honndes rynnyng aftir hym, in so mekeH that he was left 
behynde, that he saw neither the herte ne the honndes ; and so he 
beleft alone, for all his servanntes folowed the herte. and he wbb 
mekefi desolate and hevy, for he sawe no man ; And anon) gnote the 
horse with the sporres, agayn) none, and he rode thuij^afi the forest, 
and founde no man. IT But agayn) Even) come lyiinyng a lyon), haltyng 
on his right foote, and come to hym. the Emp^rour was afeid, and 
wold have fledde, but the lyon) toke hym by the foote, and shewed 
to hym his hurt on his foote. whan the Emperour vndirstode that, 

[Second Version. Camhr. MS Kk. 1. 6, leaf 232.] 


Anius regned in Home, The which a-mong* att ))e godes of be 
world he louyd mych to pley yrith houndys & hawkes. It nii 
ones \dX he went in-to a forest for to hunt the hert. And sone he 
sawe an hert come rynnyng* by-fore hym / & the houndes folowed 
aft^ swyftly In so myche )>at he was left behynd \ai he sawe no^er 
|ye herte ne hoande, & so he was left a-lone, for aU his seruauntA9 
folowyd the herte / & he was myche desolate & heuy for he sawe 
no manne / he smote ^e hors wtt/!t ^e spores agaylk none & he rode 
|)orogh all the forest « fonde no mafi. But A-gayn Euenyng< come 
rynnyng a-gayii hym A lyofi haltyng on his right fote & come to 
hym. The Empdrowr was a-ferde & wolde haue fled, But the lyofl 
toke hym by fe fote & shewid hym his hurt fote. Whan the 


he went downe of his horse, and drew out the sharpe thorn) out of 
the lyons foote ; and after that he gadred herbes, witfe the whiche 
he heledf his foote. IT Whan the lion) was hole, he lad hym to his 
cave, and there he was idi nyght. and on the morow he bowed his 
hede to the lyon), and toke his horse, and rode ati that day, and 
coude fynde in no wise passyng out of the forest. IT he sawe that, 
and went agayn) to the lions denne. the lyon) was out, but agayn) 
Even) he come, and brought with hym. \j. fatte shepe; and whan 
he found the Emperour, after his kynde he made hym good chei', 
and offred hym both the shepe. IT The Emperour was hungry, 
bicause he had not eten) of att day ; he toke an Ireh), and smote fire 
of a stone, and araied hym flcssh, and Ete, and dranke watir of 'the 
floode; and so he lay aH nyght with the lyon). IT on the day 
folowyng he lept on his palfray, and rode ali day, and coude fynde 
no goyng out of the forest, wherfore he was hevy and sory. IT Efte 
sones he went to the lyons denne, but he found not the lyon) ; and 
agayn) Even) come a female Bere to hym ; and whan he sawe her, 
he was gretely aferd. but the Bere made hym chere in her maner, 
and of the pray that she had goten) and take, she layed it before 
hym. he smote fire, and araied it, and ete ; and after that he had 

[Sficond Version, Camhr. MS. Kk. 1. 6.] 

Emperowr vndirstode fat / he went dowil of his hors & drewe out 
the sharp thorne of fe lyons fote, & after fat he gadred herbes wit/t 
^e which herbes he helyd his fote / whan fe lyon was hole he led 
hym to his cave / And per he was ati nyght / And at morfl he lowted 
his hede to fe lyofi / & toke his hors & rode aB. day & coud fynd 
no wey out of the forest / [Whan] he sawe fat he went fens & went 
to f e lyons denne a-gayn / The lyofl was out but A-gayfi euene he 
come & brought w/tA hym .ij. fat shepe /The Emperowr was hungry 
bycause he had not ete of att day : he toke An yren & smote fyre of 
a stone / & arayed hym flesshe & ete & dranke water of f • flode. 
And so he lay sXt nyght be f e lyofi / On f e day folowyng* he lepe vp 
on his palfray & rode a-way, & he coude fynd no goyng^ out of the 
forest. Wherfor he was heuy & sory / Eft sones he went to the 
lyons denne / but he fond not f e lyofi. But a-gayfl euene come a 
f email bere / And whan he sawe hii* he was gretly A-ferde, But fe 
bere made hym chere in her maner of f* pray fat she had gote *& 
take ; she leyde it by-fore hym ; he smote fyre & a-rayed it & ete it, 

1 leaf 232, back. 


eteii), tbei layeii) bothe to-gedre. and the Emp^rour knew ber 
flessbly, and sbe brougbt fortb a sone, like the Emperoor. than the 
Emp^rour wold have fledf, but be durst not, for the here ; ^But efte 
Bones he knew her, and she brougbt forthe the seconde sone, that 
also was like the Emperour. IT The third tyme be knew her, and 
she brought forthe a doughtir, that was like the modir, the here, 
that sawe the Emperour, and was wondir sory. IT It fille on a day, 
that whan the Bere was ferre gone, for to take her praye, the 
Emp^rour toke his .ij. sones, that he had goten) of the Bere, with 
hym, and fledde ; and whan he was in fleyng. The lyoh), that be 
hadde heled before, come agayn) hym, and ledde hym out of the 
forest. IT The Bere come home, and whan she found not the 
Emp^rour, she ranne fast with her doughtir. and [whan] she sawe 
the lyon) by hym, she was aferde, and durst not come nere hym ; 
but toke her doughtir, and rent her aH to peces, and went agayn) to 
her place. IT The Emp^rour, whan he was come out of the forest by 
the lyon), he was right gladde ; And than the lyon) went from hym. 
IT Than the Emp^our went to his owne CasteH, with bis .ij. sones. 
the dukes and the lordes and all other wise men were right gladde, 
for of .i\j. yere tbei had not sene the Emp^rour. the sones^ whan 

> leaf 28, back. 

[Second Vei^sion. Cambr, MS. Kk, 1. 6.] 

& aft6r ))at tbei had ete tbei lay to-geder / And ))e Emp/^rour knew 
bei* flesshly, And she brought forthe a sone lyke to f e Emperowr / 
Than the Emperowr wolde haue fled, but he durst not for pe bere / 
But eftsones he knew hei', And she brought forthe also \q second 
sone \ai was lyke to fe Emperowr / Then in tyme he knew her & 
she brought forJ)e a doughter fat was lyke fe bere. That sawe fe 
EmperoMr right wonder sory. It fitt on a day pot whan ))e bere was 
ryght ferre gone for to take hei' pray, The Empcrowr toke his .ij. 
sones }pai be had gote of ))e bei' vri\h hym & fled, & while he was in 
fleyng* The lyofi pat be had heled by-fore come a-gayfi hym & led 
hym out of pe forest / The Bere come home & whan she fond not 
pe Emperottr she ran fast after yri\h bei* doughter / And whan she 
saw pe lyofi by hym she was a-ferd & durst not go nere, but toke her 
doughter & aU to-rent bei* & went a-gayfi to her place / The Em- 
pero^r, whan he was come out of pe forest by pe lyon, he was right 
glad, & be lyofi went fro hym. The Emperowr went to his owfi 
casteH with his .ij. sones. The dukes & the lordes & op<^r wyse mefi 


thei were come to age, were made knyghtes, and were stronge 
werriouis, and wente aboute in many atrannge londes, and goten) 
mekeii good by dynte of sweit) ; and af tir in pease thei ende(} her 
lyyes. and bothe thei died on one day, and in one grave were 
buried ; and on the stone of her grave was this scripture, IT Here 
lieth .^'. sones of the Bere, whiche the Emperour gate wit& drede. 

IT Deolaracio. Frendes, this Emperour may be said every 
cristen) man that is vayh), waveryng, and enyng fro the faithe, that 
playeth with houndes, that is, Yrith lustes of the flessb, that in no 
maner renten) the sovle. the herte rynnetK before suche one, that 
is, the vanyte of the world, that man vnwise folowith witll aii his 
myght, in so mekell that he lyveth alone, with out any verto. 
after this he gothe alone into the forest of this world, IT whan 
vtterly he patteth a& his witte and vndirstondyng in it, in so mekett 
that he maketh no force of god, ne of thyng that longet^ to god. 
IT Bat the lyon) haltyng cometii agayn) hym. IT This lyon) is crist, 
that halteth in the foote, that is, in man that is his membre^ ; for 
he is hede, and we are his membres. man halteth as ofte as he 
lyvetii in poverte, ^or in tribulacion. IT Do thou therfore as the 
Emperoni^ did ; come down) of the horse of pride, and ' the thome of 
poverte, or of tribulacion) do thou therfore drawe out fro hym. That 
is, yeve hym almesse, and shew to hym the way of helthe, and than 
hast thou drawen) out ^e thome of the foote ; as our lord seith, 
IT That ye done to one of the lest of myne, ye done it to me. 
IT Afterward the lyon) fedde the knyght in the forest. So crist 
forsaketh not a synner, but that he fedeth hym witii his grace, that 
he f alle not into belle ; as it is written) in the psalme, IT I am with 

* MS. membres. ' leaf 29. ' HS. in. 

[Second Version. Camhr, MS, KJc, 1. 6.] 

were right glad for .iij. jere thei had not sene ^e Emperour by-fore. 
And )>e 'Emperour .\j. sones whan ^i were com to age bei were 
made knyghtes / & were strong* werryors, & went about in many 
I'umes & gate myche good by dynt of swoxde, & after in pees })ei 
endyd her lyf* / & bo})e deyde on o day, & in o graue were buryed, 
& on \pe] stone of her graue was fis scriptour / " hei* lyth )» .y. 
sones of ^e here byryed, w/t/i the Emperour getyn vriih drede. 


hym in tribulacioii). Therfoi* he yevetfi to the synner .ij. Shepe, that 
is, tyme of penaunce, and tyme, that is^ grace, of rysyng, hy the 
which he may gostly he susteyned. IT But often aftir, this wrecched 
man that knoweth not the way out of the forest, that is, out of the 
world, he knoweth. not what deth he shaH dye, or where, or how, 
but rynneth to the Bere, that is, to the flesshly lustes ; with the 
whiche he dothe synne als ofte as he assentet^ to flesshly lustes, with 
the whiche he dothe syime, that is, he hathe delite of the bere, of the 
whiche he hathe goteii) .ij. Sones and a doughtir. IT The .ij. sones 
are concupiscence of lyf and concupiscence of EyAD, that are likened 
to a synner. IT The doughtir, that was like to the Bere, is the 
sensualite in man, that is alway redy to eyeli; as is in Genesyes 
written), The wittes of man are ail: way prone ^ to evefi at att tymes. 
wherfor god said, It ever forthynketh me, that I made man ; I shatt 
for-do hym, that is, the steryng of the sensualite are done away by 
cristes passion), do thou therfore as the Empcrour did ; flee wit^ 
thi .ij. sones to a discrete confessour ; and yf the bere, that is, flesshly 
lust, folow the with the sensualite, drede not, but have aH way god 
in thy eyen). IT Than anon) the lion), that is, crist, shaH come to the 
agayn), yf thou calle hym, IT wherfor he seith, seketh, and ye shutt 
fynde ; knokketh, and it shall be opened to you. and yf god be 
with you, the bere shaH flee, that is, temptacion) ; and so shalt thou 
come to the chirche, that is, fightyng, in the whiche thou shalt be 
resceived ; of the whiche comyng from synne and doyng of penaunce 
is a more new loye in hevene to aungels, than of nyntye and nyne 
rightfuH men that neden no penaunce. IT The .ij. sones shaH be .ij. 
knyghtes, workyng good werkes, with the whiche thei shuH do 
dyverse batailes ayenst the deveH ; and after thei shuH be buried in 
00 tombe, that is, in p^rfite charitee, for the whi(£ man shaH have 
the kyngdome ^of heven). Amen. 

' MS. prove. 

332 XYUi. Tns venemous dragon, story, addit. & cambr. mss 

[ XVIII. leaf 29, ha4:k. ] 

(how a dragon whioh killed the people of a gitt with 

ITS breath was driven away.) 

D Arias Teigne<} in tlie Gitee of Rome, a fuH wise man, that had 
a Citee wele walled, in the whiche was a belle hanged in the 
myddes ; and as ofbe as he shuld go to hataile, or out of the 
Citee, to take his pray, the belle shulde be rongen) of a maiden). IT It 
befelle in shorte tyme, that dragons and venemous bestes venemed 
men, and thus thei didden) ofte ; wherfore the Citee was nye dis- 
troyed, and nere hand aH perisshed. IT The wise men of the Citee 
wit^ one assent and counseile went to the Emperour, and said, '' Sir, 
what shaH we do % behold our goodes are distroied in the Citee, 
and brought to nought, and ye and we are in poynt to be lost, for 
dragons and venemous bestes distroien) vs. lette vs ordeyne some 
good counseile, or els we shulle alle perissh." IT The Empcrour 
said, " how may we defende vs ? " Than one of hem seid, " heretfi 
my counseile, and ye shulle not forthynke it. IT Sir, there is a lyoh) 
in your paleys ; sette vp a crosse, and hange the lion) ther on ; and 

[Second Version. Camhr, MS. Kk. 1. 6, leaf 232, back.] 


D alius regned in Home a fijdi wise man pat had a Cite wele 
walled In )>e whiche A Belle hanged in the myddes / & as oft 
as he sholde go to ]>g bataile or out of ^e Cite to take his pray / the 
belle sholde be rong bf a mayde / It byfeli vrith in A short tyme 
bat dragons & venem[e]8 bestes venemyd meii & ])us pei dyed oft, 
Wherfor the Cite was nye distroyed, p&t nerehand aH pmsshed. 
The wise men of fe Cite "with counceile & assent went to the 
Empero«r & seyde / " Sir, what shdft we do 1 Beholde how our 
goodes be distroyed & the Cite brought to noght, & we Are in 
poynt to be losto for )>e dragofi & pe venomes wormes / lords, helpe 
vs, or ellys sey vs some goode counceili, or ellys we shole pensshe " / 
The Emperottr seyde / " how mow we diffende vs ? " / Than one of 
hem seyde, " herith my counceifl, & ye shuti not ouerpink it / Sir, 
per is A lyofi in your palys ; ^sit vp a crosse & hang fe lyon /And 

* leaf 238. 


whan the dragoD) and the yenemons bestes shufi se the lyon) on the 

crosse, for fere thei shuH not nygh vs, ne noye vs." IT Than seid 

the Emp^rour, " this pleaseth me wele." and so thei diddeii) the lyon) 

on the CTosse ; IT And whan the yenemons bestes sawe the lyon) on 

the crosse, thei come no more to the Citee^ but fled for fere. 

IT Beclaracio. Frendes, this Emperour is the Fadir of heven). 

the Citee wele walled is the soule, sette aboute with yertues, whan 

god fourmed it to his liknesse. IT The belle is a clone conscience, 

that ledith a man whan he shaB. go to bataile agayn) the deveti, and 

armeth hym with good werkes. but this belle shafi no man Eynge 

but a maiden), that is, reson), that steret£ to afi rightwisenesse. 

IT The dragon), that flew with the fire, is the voluptuous flessh, that 

bereth the fire of glotonye and lechery, that brent Adam oure first 

fadir, whan he ete of the apple that was for-bode. the yenemous 

bestes, that yenyme aH folke, are fendes,^ that for the more parte 

distroien) aH man kynde. % That sawe the wise men, that is, the 

prophetes and patriarkes sorowed, and cried to god for help. 

IT Therfore it was counselled, that the lyon), that is, crist, shuld be 

put on the crosse ; as it was prophecied, It is spedf uH that one dye 

for the peple, that alle ^the folke perissh not. IT Thei toke crist, 

the lyon), and put hym on) the crosse; wherfore the yenemous 

bestes, that are fendes, that dreden) to come to cristen) folke, fleen). 


and so, by the help of god, cristen) folke shuH ever be in ever lastyng 

blisse with out ende. 

> HS. frendes. * leaf 30. 

[Second Vernon, Camhr. MS. Kh. 1. 6.] 

whan ]>e dragofi & the yenomes bestes shuH se ]}e lyofi on ^e crosse, 
for fere pei shuH not noye ys." Than seyde J?e Empcrowr, "pis 
plesyth me well," & so thei did ]>e lyoll on the crosse / And whan 
)»e yenomes bestes saw pe lyoll on )»e crosse thei come no more to |)e 
Cite, but fled for fere. 


[XIX. ] 

MEnelaus reigned in ^he Citee of Eome, that was right merci- 
f uH ; theifore he made a law, that yf a mysdoer were take, 
and put into prison), yf he myght ascape, and flee to the 
paleys, he shuld have refute, with out any contradiccion). IT It fille, 
that there was a man-sleer taken), and put into prison), and put to 
his diete ; wherfore he sorowed gretly, that he was put fro niannes 
sight, and fro the light of the sonne, save a liteH wyndowe, by the 
whiche [the light shone in ; by the whiche] light he toke his mete 
^and his drynke of the kepers eu^ry day, and ete at a certayn) houre. 
IT And whan the keper of the prison) was gone away, a Nightyngale 
was wonte to come in atte wyndow, and synge wondir swetly ; of 
the whiche songe the knyght was gretly comforted, and after the 
songe, the brid fleigh into the knyghtes skirte, and the knyght every 
day fedde the bridde with a porcion) of his mete. IT After this it 
felle vpon a day, that the knyght was wondir hevy, and said to the 
bridde sittyng in his skirte thise wordes, IT " O ! good bridde, what 
shalt thou yeve me, that have so many ^a day I-f edde the 1 bryng 
me into memorie, for thou art goddes creature, and I also.'* IT whan 

[Second Version, Cambr. MS. Kk, 1. 6, leaf 226, hack.'] 


Menelaus regned in Eome \ai was right m<!rcyfufi ; \erioT he 
made a lawe ))at if a miller were take and put in prison if he 
myght scape & fle to the palays, he shold haue refute witA out eny 
4;o7itradiction / It fili ]7at ^ was A man-sleer take & put in pryson 
& put to his diete / wherfor he sorowed gretely fat he was put out 
of mannes sight / & pn'ued fro the lyght of the sonne / saue a lytyH 
wyndowe, by fe whych the lyght shone in / By the whiche lyght he 
toke his mete & ete / The keper of the prysofi euery day brought 
hym his mete at a certeyn oure / And whan the kep^ of ))e prysoil 
was gone-a-way A nyghtyngale wafe wont to come in at the wyndowe 
& syng< wonder swetely, of fe which song the knyght was gretely 
comfortyd / And after the song* fe byrd flye in to J>e knyghtes 
skyrte ; & J>e knyght eue;y day fed J)e byrd wit^ a porcion of his 
mete. After this It fyti on a day Jat \q knyght was wondyr heuy 
& seyde to the byrde syttyng* in his skyrte pes wordes, " O good 
byrd, what shalt pou gefe me ]>at so many dayes haue fed pet 


the bridde had herd this, he flew forthe, and the third day he 
come ayene, and brought in his monthe a precious stone, and lette it 
falle into the knyghtes skirte, and flew forthe. The knyght, whan 
he sawe the stone, he had grete m^rvaile. IT After it happed to falle 
on his feters, and anon) aH the Iren), that he was bound in, was 
broken) therwith. IT The knyght, whan he saw this, he was right 
glad, and arose, and touched the dore witE the stone, the whiche 
^opened; and anon) he went out, and lanne to the paleys. IT The 
laylef 'sawe this, and whan he perseived it, he blew iij. blastes 
with an home, and brought ati out of the Gitee, uid said, ''se the 
theef^ ! folow ye hym ! " and aH thei folowed, but the keper ranne 
before. IT The knyght sawe that^ and shotte to hym with an arowe, 
and slougfi hym ; and so the knyght ranne to the paleys, and there 
he found refute, aftir the lawe. 

^Daelaraoio. Frendes, this Emperoui' is the Fadir of heyeh), 
that ordeyned this lawe, that who so is a man-sleer, that is, a synner, 
that by contricion) and confession) may ascape to the paleys of holy 
chirche, [he] shatt have perpetueH refresshyng. IT This knyght is a 
synner in dedely [synne] boundeh), and therfore by goddes law he 
shuld be demed to the prison) of helle, yf he passe so out of this 
world, and bound with dyverse cheynes, that is, with many synnes. 

* leaf 30, baek. 

[Second Vernon* Cambr. MS, Kk. 1. 6.] 

Bryng* in to memory for bou art goddys creature & I also " / Whan 
the bryd had herd ))is ne fly forthe / And the .iij. day he come 
a-gayne / ^ & brought in his mowthe a stone & lete it fafi in the 
knyghtes lappe & fly forth. The knyght whan he sawe the stone he 
had grete meruayle / After it happed to falle on his feters, And 
a-noa idi the £ron )>at he was bound witA was broke / The knyght 
whan he sawe ^is he was ryght glad, & rose & touched the dores 
wttA the stone, be whyche were openyd A-none : he went out & ran 
to ]ye paleys. The layler, whan he perceyuyd this, he blewe .iij. 
wM an home & brought all out of the Cite / And seyde, '' Se ))e 
Jjefe, Folow ye hym ! " And aH folowed hym, but Jw keper ran by- 
fore / the knyght sawe that & shot at hym An Aiowe & slowe hym, 
& so the knyght ran to ]}e [paleys], & iher he fonde refute After ]»e 


» leaf 227. 


wherfore suche one owet& meketi: to sorow, and alway wepe. IT The 
keper of the prison) is the deveHe, that suche one hathe sette faste 
bounde in synne, and mynystretfi to hjm of delites and vices, that 
he go not fro hym. IT The bridde, that songe so swetely, is the 
voice of god, that seith to a synner, Tume agayn), tume agayn), thou 
vrecche, that is, a synfuH sonle, and I shaH take the. whan aH 
man-kynde went to helle before the comyng of cnst, IT There come a 
bridde, that was the godhede, and brought witti hym a stone, that 
was crist ; as he said hjrm self*, I am a stone, the soule of crist witti 
the godhede discended to helle, and brought witH hym mankynd. 
theifore yf any of you be in dedely synne, lette hym touche his 
synne wit& ))e stone, that is, witfi the vertu of crist, in contricion) 
and confession), and wit& oute doute the chaynea of synne shali be 
broken), and the dore of the grace of god be opened; and so shafi he 
have fleyng to the paleys of holy chirche. IT And yf the keper of 
the prison), that is, the fende, blowe with his home of pride, 
Covetise, and lechery, and stere lA vices agayn) the, thou shalt 
smyte hym with the arowe of penaance; and with out doute he 
shaH flee fro the, and so thou shalt have the paleys of the kyngdome 
of heven), by this blissed stone, lesu, crist brynge vs to., the blisse 
of heven) 1 

[ XXL Add. MS. 9066, leaf 34. ] 

Calepondinus in Home reigned, that toke a maiden) to wyf, that 
conseived, and brought iorl£ a faire childe. The child wexed, 
and was put to scole. IT Whan he was xx. wynter of age, he de- 
sired ^the heritage of his Fadir, and seid to his Fadir, H '' Sir, ye are 
olde, and mow not rewle the Empire ; yf ye gaf* me the Empire, it 
shuld be youre profite." % The Emperour seid, " sone, there is now 

[Second Version. Cambr. MS. Kk. 1. 6, leaf 227.] 


Calepodius in Eome regned ))at toke A mayde to wyfe ^t con^ 
ceyuyd & brought foHhe A fayre chylde. The Childe wax & 
was put to scole / Whan he was of xx wyntyi^ age he desyryd his 
faders herytage & seyde to his fader, " Syr, ye are old & ye con not 
rule the Empyre, yf ye yafe to me the Empyre / It sholde be yo«r 
profyt " / The Emperowr seyde, " Sone, fer is now grete hungre in 


giete hungir in the Empire, and I drede, yf I yeve the the Empire and 
the power, yf I had nede, haply thou shuldest denye me my wiJle." 
IT The Empresse, that loved more her sone than her husbond said, 
** sir that may not be, for ye have but oo sone, and therfore I trow 
alway that he wille fulfLUe your wille ; wherfore it is good to you 
to graunte hym the Empire." IF The Emperour said, " I wille have 
of hym an obligacion), that what houre he riseth hym self* ayenst 
mei and fulfille not my wille, whan reason) is, I shaH depreve hym 
of the Empire." the sone graunted, and made an obligacion), and 
sealed it. IT Whan this was done, the Emperour was put from his 
dignyte, and his sone was crowned. IF whan he was made Emp^rour, 
he was reised in to pride, in so mekeii that he neither dred god ne 
man, and did many wronges ; and the fadir suffred hym paciently. 
IT It happed afkirward, that there was a grete hungir in the land, 
and the olde Emparour began to nede ; and wente to his sone, and 
asked his sustenaunce of hym, and for a tyme he sent hym. but in 
a short tyme aftir, the fadir was greuously sike, and called to hym 
his sone, and said, IT My sone, I have grete thirst; yeve me a 
draught of thi must." the sone aunswered, " I shaH not, for must 
is not good for thi complexion)." IF The fadir said, " yeve me of 

[Second Version, Cambr, MS. Kk. 1. 6.] 

the Empyre, And I drede if I gafe to pe the Empyre & pe power / 
If I had nede Happyly fan sholdyst denye me of my wylle " The 
Emperice, fat louyd her son more than her husband, seyde, " syr, 
pat may not be, for ye haue but o sone, And ferfor I trow pat he 
wole Alway folow jour wyH / Wherfor It is good to you to graunt 
hym pe Empyre." The Emp^owr seyde, " I wole haue of hym an 
obligacion, pat what oure he reysyth hym-selfe a-ga3me me & fulfyil 
not my wytt whan reson is, I shall pnue hym of the Empyre " / 
The sone grauntyd & made an obligacion & selyd it / Whan this 
was done / The Empcrowr was put fro his dignyte / And his sone 
was crowned, whan he was made Emperowr he was reysyd in-to 
pryde, In so mych he dred God ne man, And dyd many wronges. 
And pe fader suffred hym pacyently / It happed after pat per was a 
grete hungre in the lond / And the olde Emperowr bygan to haue 
nede / & want to his sone & asked of hym his sustenaunce / & for a 
tyme he sent hym. But in A shorte tyme after the fader was 
greuously syke / & caUed his sone & seyde / " A, my sone, I haue 
grete prjst / Gyf me A draught of thi wyne moste" / the sone 

GBSTA. 22 


anofcr tonne of wyne." than the sone seid, "nay, for it is not 
clere I-nougfe ; and yf it shulc) now be touched, the wyne myght be 
troubled ; and th erf ore I wille not touche it, tille I se it clere I-now." 
IF The Fadir seid, " yeve me of the third tonne." he said, " naye, 
for the wyne is stronge and myghty, and therf ore it is not worthe for 
the sike." IF " yeve me than," he said, " of the fourthe tonne." the 
Sonne seid, " nay, for it is to feble, and with out sustentadoh) or 
comforte. It must be wyne confortatif that shuld be yeven to the 
sike." IF The fedir seid, " yeve me therfore of the fifte tonne." he 
aunswered, '' nay, for drastes that are in the tonne ; and suche is 
not worthe to a sike man, scarsely for hoggett" if Whan the Fadir 
sawe he myght not have, he suffred pacieutly tille he were hole ; 
and than the Fadir went to the kyng* of Jerusalem, and playned to 
'hym of his sone, and shewed to hym an obligacion), that he myght 
put out his sone, wit£ out any contradiccionX If The kyng herd 
this, and called his sone, to aunswere to the Fadir. IF whan the sone 
might not resonably aunswere, the kyng depreved hym of the 
Empire, and restored agayn) the Fadir. and than aH praised the 
kyng, for he had so rightfully yoven) the dome. ' leaf 84, back. 

[SecoTid Version. Cambr. MS, Kk. 1. 6.] 

Answerd / " I shali not, for muste is not good for thi complexion " / 
The fader sayde, " fan gyf me of A-noper ton of wyne " / The sone 
seyde / " Nay / It is not clere y-noghe / & if it sholde now be 
touched the wyne myght be troubled, And therfor I wol not touche 
it / TyU I se it clere I-nogh " / The fader sayde / " Gyf me of the 
.iij. tonne " / he seyde, " Nay, for the wyne is strong* & mighty. 
And therfor It is not worthe for fe syke " / " Gyf me, ban " / he 
seyde, " the .iiij. tonne " / The Sone seyde, " Nay, for it is feble & 
'with out susten^awnce or comfort / It moat be wyne comfortable |?at 
shold be yeue to the syke " / Therfor the fader seyde, " Gyf me of 
•Y. tonne." he answerde, *' Nay, for drastes are in the tonne, & such 
is not worthe for A mafi, scarsely for hogges " / Whan the fader sawe 
he myght not haue / he suffired pacyently tyli he waze hole, And 
than he want to the Kyng* of lerhumlem, & playned to hym of his 
sone & shewed hym an obligacion fat he myght put out his sone 
-with out contradiction / The kyng* herde ])is & csdled to hym the 
sone to answere the fader / Whan ])e sone myght not resonably 
Answere / The kyng* pryued hym of the Empyre, And restoryd A- 
gayne the fader. And than att preysyd the kyng* for he had so 
wysely geuen the dome. ■ leaf 227, back. 


IT Declaraeio. Frendes, this 'Emperour is crist, the sone of man, 
to whom is yoven) the Empire of att this world ; But in the gifte he 
toke of hym an obligacion), his Baptyme, that he shuld forsake the 
pompe and ali the pride of it. If The olde Emperour, that is, crist, 
is sike, as ofte as cristen) man or woman falleth in dedely synne, and 
breket^ his comaandementis ; wherfore gretly he thrusteth the helthe 
of oTire soules, and asketh of vs our yonge age. If But froward man 
aunswereth, I may not yeve to god my yonge soukyng age, for it is 
must, that is, over sone to assay the way of god ; and that is not 
trew, for a childe of oo daies age is not with out synne. IT Wher- 
fore Seint Gregory telleth, that a cMLde of y. yere of age the fendes^ 
token out of his Fadirs lappe. yf god may not have of the must 
of so yonge age, he asketh the age of eldre childhode, that is, of x. 
or xiL yere. If But froward man aunswereth, and seith, the wyne 
is not clere I-now, that is, the child is not apte to serve god, in that 
he is inparfite* ; IT For yf he be stered to god, he must be troubled 
in his body, that is agayn) the doctryne of the wise man, that seith, 
he that loyeth his sone, chastiseth hym, and delyuereth his soule fro 
helle. if Also he asket£ wyne of the third tonne, that is, of the 
tonne of yonge mannes age. but man contrarious aunswereth, the 
wyne is over myghty, it is not good ; for a felle man, that is, yonge 
man, is stronge and myghty, therfore he oweth to spende it aboute 
worldly thynges, and not in penaunce, for he myght be made feble„ 
IT Also he asketh wyne of the fourthe tonne, that is, of age, that is, 
that thou yevest hym service in the service of god. but froward 
man aunswereth, and seith, man in his olde age is feble, and may 
not fast» Ne do penaunce, for suche shuld be cause of his dethe. 
IT Also he asketh of the fifte tonne, that is, of the old man, that may 
not goo ^wit^ oute a staffe, yit he asketh of man that state, that he 
tume to hym. if Froward man aunswereth, and seith, this wyne is 
over feble, for yf he fasted oo day, it behoved hym to make his 
grave ^ ; And lawe wille not that an vnmyghty man shuld slee hym 
self, if Also he asked of the yj. tonne, whan man for eld^ or 
blyndnesse may no further walke to synne, and myght faileth hym 

* MS. Frendes. ' MS. not inparfite. * leaf 36. 

* MS. grace. * MS. old<?. 


for to do evel. IF God asketibi drynke of snche one, that is, the 
helthe of his soule; But wrecchedf man, that is put in dispaire, 
seith, Alias ! alias I while I myght serve god I woldf not, and now 
dwelleh) in me the drestes of sA goodncsse. wherto shuldf I now be 
turned to my god ? if But alias ! many ther ben), that wille yeve 
hym no wyne. wherfore crist playned to the kyng of Jerusalem ; 
and therfore shuld suche gone into eyerlastyng turment, and right- 
wise men in to eyerlastyng blisse. 

[ XXII. ] 


Alexander the Emp^rour was so stronge and myghty, that none 
in his tyme myght overcome hym ; and this Emperour had 
Anstotil to his maister^ that taught hym in att wysedom) and 
konnyng. IF That saw the queue of the JN'orthe, and norisshed her 
doughtir with venyme, fro the tyme of her birthe, that whan she 
come to lawf uH age, she was so faire, that she was lovesome to att. 
IT After, she sent her to Alexandre, that she myght be his concubyne ; 
and whan he saw her, anon) he was take in her love, and wold have 
synned witb her. if That persoived AiistotiH, and said to hym, 
** Touche her not, for yf ye do, ye shali be dede anon) ; For att her 
lyf-tyme she hath ben norisshed wit^ venyme, and that I shaH 
prove anon), here is one that shaii be dede by the la we; lette 
hym slepe with her, and than shulle ye se whether I sey sothe." 

[Second Version. Cambr. MS. Kk. 1. 6, leaf 233.] 


Alexandre the Emperour was so myghty \ai no man in his tyme 
myght ouercome hym, & had AjristotiH to his mayster, that 
taught hym aH wisdom & konyng*. that sawe )»e queue of the 
northe & norisshed her doughtar yfiih venom fro ]7e tyme of her 
yongi age ))at whan she come to lawfutt age she was so fayre a 
creature & louesom) to idi : After she sent hei^ to Alysandi' that she 
myght be his / & [he] wolde haue synned wit/* hei* : )>at pcrceyued 
AristotiH & seyde to hym, " touche hei* not, for if ye do ye shuH be 
dede Anone / for aH her lyf tyme she hathe be norisshed wtt^ 
venom / & ])at shaH I preve Anone / here is one \ai shall be dede 
by ]>e lawe / let hym slepe wit^ her, & ])an shuH ye see whei* I sey 


and 80 it was done, anon) as he kisse($ hei^, be fille downe dede. 
IT Alexandre praised his maister, for he delyyered hjm fro the 

IT Beolaraoio. Frendes^ this Emp^rour may be said every man 
that is stronge and myghty, by the vertu of the baptyme. The 
quene is habondaunce of tho thynges that seketh man to slee. 
if The maide, that was yenymed, is glotonye and lechery, by the 
whiche many are slayn). IT AristotiH: is reason), that seith aH way 
ayenst synne. The man, that is dampned by the lawe, is froward 
man, that aH way synneth with glotonye and lechery, therfore it 
is to flee, that we be sobre in mete and ^drynk*, that we mowe come 
to everlastyng mede,,the whiche is eternaH. Amen. 

[ XXIII. ] 
(hotT a father killed his son rather than see him in pain.) 

rlosculus reigned in Rome, that had a sone that was wode, 
that dyyerse daies rent his membres. the Fadir sawe that, 
and yaf* hym venyme, and had lever slee him softly than he 
shuld so rente hym self dyverse daies. The modir sawe that, and 
was right sory ; She wente to the domesman, and playned on her 
husbond, that he had slayn) his sone. IF The fadir before the domes- 
man annswered, and said, " it was a werke of charitee, and that for 

■ leaf 35, back. 

[Secofid Version, Cambr, MS, Kk. 1. 6.] 

sothe " / & so it was dofi. Anone as he kyssed her he fiH dowfi 
dede / Alisaundre praysyd his mayst^ for [he] delyu^rd hym so fro 
that de]>e. 

[Secmd Version. Cartibr. MS. KJc. 1. 6, leaf2ZZ.] 


Plosciilus regned in Bome that had a sone )>at was wode, )»at 
dyuers dayes rent his membres / The fader saw that & gaf hym 
venym & had leuyr sle hym ]7an he sholde rend hym-self so dyudrs 
dayes / The modei' saw ^ai & was right sory; she went to the 
domesman & pleynyd of her husbands fat he had slayne his sone / 
The fader by-fore pe domesman Answenle & seide, '' It was a werk 
of charite & ferioi tlus skyli / My sone att-to-rent hym self, & so 


this skille. IT My sone att to-rente hym self, and so of longe tyme 
he suffred many wrecchednesse. IT I, tliat was his Fadir, seyng 
that, I chase rather to slee hym, than longe tyme to se hym in 

Deolarsoio. Frendes, this Emp^rour is the world. The sone, 
that rent hym self, is a doer of penannce, the whiche tameth his 
flessh. IT But oure Fadir, the whiche is the world, by the whiche 
we are susteyned hodely, yereth vs venymes of" the erthe of our 
hirthe, by the whiche of te sithes we are dede. IT But oure modir, 
that is holy chirche, accuseth the world to god. therfore flee we 
the world, that oure modir, holy chirche, may have of vs solace, 
grete ioye, and gladnesse. 

[ xxrv. ] 

(how an unfaithful WIFE WAS CUBED OF HEB PASSION.) 

PHomius reigned in Rome, that had a f aire wyf ; the whiche, 
whan she stode ones in a wyndowe of the CasteH, she saw ij. 
knyghtes in a medow yndir the CasteH [fightynge] to-gedre ; 
the one knyght was right faire, in so mekell that the lady was taken) 
in his^ love. IT Whan the bataile was done, the knyght that the lady 
loved so wele, had the victorie ; the lady for love be-gan to langour. 
IF The Emperour was right hevy, and sent anon) for leches, forto see 
the state of the lady ; and thei seiden), " there is none other sike- 
nesse in her, but that she loveth some man over mekeH." IT The 
Emp^our said to his wyf*, " I pray the, name hym that thou lovest 
more than me." % She said, ** that faire knyght I love so mekeH, 
that but I have his love, I shcJl be dede." IT Than the Emperoiir 
said to the leches, " I pray you, that ye save her lyf*." Thei seid, 
'< there is no way, but one slee that knyght that had the victorye, 
and anoynte her wit^ his blood." IF Thei slowe the knyght, and 
anoynted her ; and anon) the temptacion) seased, and she was hole 
of her sikenesse. ' her, MS. 

[Second Version, Cambr, M8. Kk. 1. 6.] 

long* ty£Qi he sufficed many wikydnesses / I, fat was his fader, seeing 
fat 1 1 chase ra))er for to sle hym ]mn long* tyme for to see hym in 


Seolaraoio. Frendes, this Emperour is Adam, the first ^Eadir. 
IT The wyf, that was so faiie, it is his soula the ^. knyghtes that 
foughteh)^ was gCMl and the aungeH. The fightyng was, whan the 
aungeli wold be like god, and aboue god ; but god had the victorie. 
If This sawe the quene, that is, the soole, and anon) she brente in 
the love of god ; wherfore she was sike, 'in so mek^ that she shuld 
dye. But the myghty knyght, that is, crist, is slayn), and with his 
blood we aie an-oynted, and are made hole. 

[ XXV. ] 

(how an ungrateful man rebelled against the emperor, 

HIS benefactor.) 

LEnyncios reigned in Rome, the which as he rode by a forest, 
mette with a poore man, and seid to hym, ''fro whens 
comest thou, and what art thout" he said, ''I come fro 
the next Gitee, and am your man.*' IT The Emperour said, "yf 
thou wilte be a good man, and a trew, I shati promote the to grete 
richesse." he said, "ye, lord." Anon) the Emperour made hym a 
knyght, and sone he rode into pride ; wherfore he gadred to hym 
many of the grete men of the empire, and conspired with hem, that 
he wold Tsurpe the Empire, whan the Emp^rour wist that, anoii) 
he put hym out, and alle that held with hym ; and wold no lenger 
lette hym dwelle in his Empire, but ordeyned other in her stede, 

Meaf 86. * like, MS. 

[Second Version, Cambr, MS. Kk, 1. 6.] 


Lemicius regned in the Cite of Eome / the which, as he rode by 
a foreste, mete witA a pore man & seyde to hym, " fro whens 
comyst ])0U & what art |>ou 1 " he seyde, '' I come fro ))e nexte Cite / 
& I am yotir man " / The Emperowr sayde, " if )w?u wilt be A good 
man & trew, I shali promote the to richesse" / he seyde, ''ye, 
lorde " I A-none ]>e £mp«ro2«r made hym knyght, & sone he rose 
in-to pnde / Wherfor he gadred to hym many of J)e grete mefl of the 
Empire & coTispirid wttA hem ]>at he wolde ysurpe the Empire / 
Whan ])e Emperot^r wist of ])at / Anone he put hym out & ait ^ai 
helde wtt^ hym / & wolde no lenger let hym dwelle in his Empire, 


and yaf hem aH her landes, and aH her mevable goodes. IT Whan 

they heixl that straangers had her goodes, thei conspired ayenst 

hem, and praied hem to the fest, and sette before hem t. messe ; 

and every messe was envenymed, and ali that ete of the messes were 

dede. IT The Emperour called his sonnes, and asked, what were to 

do of the dede ? his Eldest sone said, '' ye are my Fadir, and gretly 

I am greved for your hevynesse. I yeve you this counseile. IT A 

liteli kyngdom) is here not ferre fro you, in the whiche is a fuH faire 

maiden), the which hat& a noble gardyn) ; In the which gardeyii) is 

a welle of watir of suche vertu, that yf it be sprynged on the dede 

body, it shaH lyve agayn). if Therfore I shaH go to this kyngdome, 

and shaH gete the watir of this welle, by the whiche the dede mow 

arise to lyf/' IF And anon) he went to the kyngdom), and gate the 

wiUe of the maiden); and went into the gardyn), and found the 

welle. wherfore he did make v. pittes right depe, by the whiche 

the watir of the welle ranne to the bodies of the dede men ; and 

anon) thei rissen). and whan this was done and sene, IT The sone of 

the Emperour ladde ^hym and di theym) to his Fadir. IF The 

Emperour, whan he sawe hem, he was glad, and for ioye crowned 

his sone. 

> leaf 36, back. 

[Second Version. Camhr, MS. Kk. 1. 6.] 

but ordeynyd o^er in his stede, & gaf hem his landes, & ^aH' her 
roeuable goodys / whan thei harde /bat straungers had her goodes 
Thei conspirid a-gayne hem & prayed hem to be feste & sette by-fore 
hem y. messes, & euery messe was venymea, & ali |>at ete of )>e 
messes were dede / The Emperowr called / his sones [&] seyde, " ye 
Are my fader, & gretely I am greuyd for your heuynes / I gyf* yow 
this counceiU / A lytili kyngdome is here bysyde, not ^rre fro 
yow, in the which is a wett of water of suche vertu Jjat if it be 
sprenglid on the dede body It shaH leve agayfi / ))erfor I shali go to 
this kyngedome & gete me water of ))is welle by ]7e whiche |ye dede 
mow rise to lyf" / And anone he went to J)e kyngdome & gate fe 
wett: of the mayde / & went in to ))e gardefi & fonde fe well : wher- 
for he made .v. pitted fuH depe, by the which J)e water of b* weli 
ranne to ])e bodyes of ))e dede men, & Anone thei riseiL And [when] 
this was sene The sone of ))e Emperoi^r led hem alt witA hym to his 
fader, f e Emperozir whan he saw hem he was gladde & for loy 

crownyd his sone. 

' leaf 233, back. 


IT Deolaraoio. Frendes, this Emp^our is the Eadir of heveo). 
The poore man, that was promoted^ to grate dignite, is lucifer, that 
of* nought was made, that is, of no matir. IT Therfore of that he 
was so proade, in so mekeH that he wold be like god, ye^ and more ; 
and therfoi^ he was cast out of heven), with aH theym) that consented 
to hym, and man is promoted to that dignyte in her stede. % The 
fendes, whan thei sawe this, thei praied Adam and Eve to a f es.t, 
whan thei eten) of the apple agayn) goddes precepte by her steryng, 
and said. If What houre ye ete of the frute of this tree, ye shuH be 
as goddeff. wherfore in this fest was mynystred to hem < messes. 
That is, of the v. wittes, the whiche att accorded to ete of the apple ; 
and therfore tUA thei were enfecte, for the whiche man died. IT This 
herd the sone of the Fadir of heven), and was stered to mercy, and 
descended fro heven) into this world j and come to the maiden), that 
is, Marie, and there he found the weUe of mankynd, the whiche 
was loyned to the godhede. IT Aftir this he did make v. pittes, 
that is, V. woundes in his bodye, by the whiche ranne blood and 
watir, that made aH mankynde to lyve agayn), that shall be saved, 
and ledde home agayii) to the hevenly paleys. To the whiche brynge 
vs lesM Crist 1 Amen. 

[ XXVII. Zea/ 37. ] 

(how a faithful GUARDLkN WAS REWARDED.) 

VOmias reigned in Rome, that toke a faire m)aideh) to wyf>, 
the whiche conseived, and brought forthe a £edre sone. 
IT wise men come to the Emp^our, forto have ^his sone 
to norissh. IT Than the Emperour sent out a messanger })urgh aH 
the Citee, that in whos house were founde fire and watir, shuld 

' leaf 37, back. 

[Second Version. Camhr, MS. Kk. 1. 6, kqf 234.] 


Remilus regned in Bome J)at toke a fayre mayde to wyf", f e 
which conceyuyd & brought forthe a fayre sone / Wyse men 
come to pe Empero?/r for to haue his childe to norisshe. Than the 
Kmperour anofi sent out a messangei' ])orogh a3i the Cite, ])at [he] 
in whos hous ware founde fyre or yvater sholde haue his sone to 


have his sone to noiisd. IT whan this was publisshed, many 
ordeyned hem fire and watir. H The Empe7\)ur die) crie also, that 
he that hadde the childe to kepe, and norisshed hym clenly and 
purely, he shuU be promoted to grete dignyte, and els he shidd be 
dampned to wikked dethe. IT Anon), while thei slept, come a 
Tyraunte, whos name was Eulopius, that sleked the fire and cast 
watir out of the house. But amonge hem was a man that hight 
lonathas, that att nyght labored that fire and watir shuld not faile, 
but pat he shold alway have bothe redy. IT whan morow was 
come, the messanger went aboute the Gitee, to loke in who^ house he 
myght fynde fire and watir ; but whan he hadde gone aboute the 
Citiee, in the house bB. only of lonathas he founde fire and watir ; 
and so the Emperours sone was yeve to hym for to norissh, vndir the 
forme aforseid. IT lonathas toke the child, and hired masons, that 
thei shold enhaunse his Ghambre with morter and stone ; and whan 
the chambre was redy, he called to hym payntours, and made his 
chambre to be paynted if In this form, in the walle, on the right 
side, he paynted x. ymages, and aboue the ymages this scripture 
was written), IT ?ie that foulethe^ not thise ymages, shaB. have a 

' MS. foloweth. 

[Second Version, Gambr, MS. Kk, 1. 6.] 

norisshe. When fis was publisshed many ordeynyd hym fyre & 
water / The Emperowr dyd cry also pat [if] he pat had pe childe to 
kepe norisshed hym clenly & purely he sholde be promotyd to grete 
dignyte, & ellis he sholde be dampnyd to ])e wikkyd depe / Ajaone 
while bei slept come a tyraunte whos name was Eulopius / pat 
slekkyd pe fyre & caste water out of the houses / But A-mong* hem 
was a man hyght lonathas that qSl nyght labouryd ])at fyre & wate»* 
sholde not fayle // But pere he shold aiway haue bothe redy / Whan 
morfi was comyn the messanger went aboute pe Gite to loke in whos 
hous he myght fynde fj^re & water / But whan he had gone aboute 
pe Gite, in pe hous att only of lonathas he fonde fyre & water, <& so 

{e Emperowrs sone was yove to hym for to norisse vnder pe forme 
y-fore seyde / lonathas toke pe childe, and hirid masyns that thei 
sholde hauuse his chambre wit^ morter & stone, Ss whan the 
chambre was redy he called to hym peyntours & made his chambre 
to be payntyd in pia fourme / In pe waH of pe right syde he payntyd 
X ymages / & a-boue pea ymages pia scnptwr was wryte / " he pat 
foulyth^ not pea ymages shali haue A goldyfi crowfi of pe Emperour. 

» MS. folowyth. 


golderd crotone of the JEmperoia ; And yf hs foule^ the ymages, he 
ehalA. be eondempnedt to afoule dethe, IT Than on the dore he made 
to be diawen) a golden) chaier, and hym self* sittyng ther in, crowned 
witti a crowne of gold ; and ahoue his hede was written), thus ehaR 
he crowned, that tcele norisshefh, the EmpeToura sane. And whan aH 
this was made, IT lonathas was ofte sithe tempted forto defoule the 
ymages, bat whan he redde the scripture, anon) he had drede that 
he shnld dye an eveH dethe ; and so all: the temptacioh) went a-way. 
and also whan he sawe written) over the ymages hedes the mede of 
the crowne, more and more he studied for to worshippe the ymages, 
and forto kepe hem in fairenease. And whan the child was not 
wele norisshed, he ranne swiftly to the perisshyng of the Enemye ; 
and whan he saw hym self* shold be hanged, he dred gretely, and 
ali the ^defautes of the norisshyng, as to the child, he amended. 
IT But whan he sawe the golden) chaire, and hym self crowned with 
a crowne of gold, and above his hede was written), IT Thus Tie «AaH 
be vjorehippe^y that wele and dene ehal^ norissh the eone of the 
Emp&iour, IT And than he had so moche ioye of the picture of ])e 

» MS. folow. « leaf 88. 

[Second Version. Camhr, MS, Kk, 1. 6.] 

And if he foule ]>e ymages he shali be coT^dempnyd to a foule de))e /'' 
Than on )>e dore he made to be drawe A goldyfi cheyre, <& hymnself 
syttyng* ^er-in crownid wit/4 a crowne of golde / & a-boue his hede 
was wryte Jjis / " )>us shall he be crownyd fat norisshith wele fe 
Emp^o2irs sone" / & whan aU ])i8 was made / lonathas was oft^ 
tyme temptyde to ^defoule ])e ymages / But whan he red ])e scrip- 
ture, he dred fat he shold dye an euyli dethe, & so e^ fe temptaciofL 
went A-way. And also whan he sawe wrytefL on fe ymages hedes 
]>e mede of ]>e crowne, more & more he studyed for to worship fe 
ymage, & for to kepe hem in fayrenes / <& Whan fe child was not 
wele gou6myd & norisshed he ranne swyf tly to fe perisshyng of fe 
enemy, And whan he saw hymself* sholde be hanged / he drede 
gretely & bXL fe defautes of fe norisshyng* as to fe childe he 
Amendyd // But whan he sawe fe goldyn chayre & hymself" 
crowned wit/i a crowne of golde, & red fe superscripciofi / " Thus he 
shali do worship fat wele & clene norisshith fe sone of fe £m- 
■perour " / & fan he had so myche loy of f e picture of be chayer 
fat alt his lyf* after he norisshed right wele f e child after. The 

■ MS. of. ' leaf 284, back. 


Chaire, that att his lyf aftir he norisshed wele the chil($. The 
Emp^ouT, whan he herd this, he sent for hjm and for his sone, and 
promoted? hem to grete dignytee. 

if Declaracio. Frendes, this Emperour is the Fadir of heven). 
The Empresse is blissed marie ; the child is lesiLs, the messanger, 
that was sent, is Seint John Baptist, that he shuld shew his comyng ; 
wherfore the wise men, that were the patriarkes and the pre^phetes, 
desired gretly to norissh hym, and se hym ; and thei sawe hym not, 
for fire and watir was in hem extyncte. IT By fire is yndirstond the 
holy gost, that appered not yit to hem as it did to the appostels, ne 
thei were not wasshen) with the watir of baptyme, as cristen men 
are now. IT Or els by fire thou may vndirstond parfite charite, and 
by watir trew contriccion). this ij. fallen in many, and therfore 
thei mow not have the child lesu. in her hertes. IT lonathas, that 
waked, is a good cristen man, )rat aH way in good werkes studieth to 
wake, and ati way to offre to god for his synnes the fire of chaiitee, 
and the water of contriccion). IT But ofte sithe the tyraunt, that is, 
the devel, puttetfi out the fire of charitee and the watir of contriccion), 
and casteth it ferre a-way fro the hertes of many ; therfore thei that 
are thus defamed, may not norissh the child le^ni. Therfore do 
thou as lonathas did; wake, and pray, that pon entre not into 
temptacion); and calle to the trew expositot^rs, that is, discrete 
confessours or prelates, that may rise vp in thyn) herte a stonei]) 
chambre, and seker feitti and hope for the wyndowes. than calle to 
the payntours, that mowe peynt in thyn hert x. ymages, that is, the 
X. comaundementes ; and than yf thou kepe wele his preceptis, witfe 
out doute in tyme to come thou shalt be crowned, and not be 
dampned to ever lastyng dethe. IT And the golden) chaire must be 
in the dore of thyn hert, that is to sey, yf thou norissh wele the 
child lesMy thou shalt have a chaire in heven). and have mynd, 
yf thou norissh hym eveH, thou shalt be hanged in the gibbette of 
Helle, but thou amende the. ^Therfore studie we so to noris^ the 

* leaf 38, back. 

[Second Version. Cambr. MS. Kk, 1. 6.] 

Emp^rot^r, whan he hard this he sent for hym, & for his sone pro- 
motid hyw to grele dignite. 


child lean, by meritoiie werkes, that we mow come to the mede 
that is everlastyng witAout enda 

[ XXXin, leaf 46, back. ] 

(how an bmperor divided all his possessions amongst 

his subjbots.) 

Fulgencius reigned in the Citee of Rome, the whiche in mer- 
Teillous maner loved his peple, in so mekett )>at he made to 
be cried thurgh all his Empire, that aH men shuld come of 
every nacion) at a certayn) day to his paleys, and what so ever thei 
asked, att thei shuld have, aftir ^her astate. IF Dukes and other 
grete lordes, whan thei herd this, thei were right glad, and come in a 
grete multitude ; and eche by hem self* put forthe liis peticion), and 
had it. and so aH the Empire nere hand was devided amonge hem ; 
and eche man ioyed, and went home to his owne, and toke seisyu) 
in his londes, and tenementes, and mevable goodes, that thei hadden) 
of the Emp^our. IT After ])is, poore men and symple wente to-gedre, 
and said, '* a comon) crie is made, that aH shaH come to the Emperours 
paleys, no persone out take. Eiche men and myghty men have come 
afore vs, and have ^resceived benefice, after her wille, and therfore 
go we now, and we shuH have goodes of the Emperour." that herd 

« leaf 47. 

[Second Version. Cambr. MS. Kk. 1. 6, leaf 235.] 


Fulgencius regned in fe Cite of Eome / )>• which in m^ruelot^ 
man^r louyd his peple, in so mych he made to be cryed ))orogh 
out aH ]>e Empire / |7at aH men sholde come of eny natioi^ at a 
certeyjl day to his paleis / And what so euer )>ei askyd, aH thei shold 
have aft^ his state / Dukes & o^er grete lordys whan )>ei hard )>is 
])ei were right gladde & come in A grete multitude, & eche by hem- 
self* put for}>e his peticion), & had it, bo aH )>e Empire nere hande was 
dyuydyd a-mong hem, & eche man ioyed and went home to his owne 
& toke sesyn in his landes & tenementes & meuable goodes |>at ])ei 
had of )>e Emp^rot^r / After yis pore men) & sengle ^come to-geder & 
seyden / " A comyn cry is y&t aH shold come to fe Emp^ours paleys, 
no person out-take / Eiche men & myghty mefl haue come by-fore vs 
& haue receyuyd benefice after hir' wiH // Jerfor go we nowe & we 

■ leaf 235, back. 


thei, and saicl, ^* this is a goo($ counsaile, and a profitable." and att 
anon thei wenten, and stode atte gate of the paleys, ciiyng that it 
shuld be mynystred to hem, as the crie was made. IT Whan the 
EmperoTir herd the crie, he come downe of his see, and said to hem, 
IF Frendes, I have herd youre crie. it is sothe that the crie is by me 
made, and that ^ indifferently shuld come, and what thei asked 
thei shuld have, but riche men and mighty men shuld come before 
you, and thei had di, out take my paleys ; and yf thei had asked 
my paleys, thei shuld have had it ; and therfore I have nought for 
to yeve you." IT Thei said, " a ! lord, have mercy on vs, and lette 
V8 not go voide away ; for certaynly it was oure blame that we come 
not before, wit& the riche men and myghty. but sithen it is thus, 
we aske your grace, that we may have somewhat, by the whiche we 
may live." IT The Emperour said, " here me. aH fough I have 
yoven) to riche men and myghty, that come before you, londes and 
tenementes, neverthelesse I have holdeh) the lordshippes in myn) 
hand of all the landes, and half* that I yeve to you, so that thei be 
now servauntes to you, and obedient." IT The poore men, whan 
thei hard this, they were right glad, and bowed downe her hedes to 

[Second Version. Camhr. MS. Kk. 1. 6.] 

shuH haue goodes of )>e 'Empeixmr as pei haddyn." Thei bat herde 
pis seyde, '^ pis is goode counceiH & a profitable " / & Anone atir 
went & stode at ])e yate of |ye paleis cryeng fat it shold be ministrid 
to hem As f e cry was made / Whan the Emperowr harde fe crye he 
come doufi of his sete and seyde to hem // " Frendes, I haue herde 
your crye / It is so))e fat )>e cry is by me made & pat aii indifferently 
eholde come / & what pei askyd pei sholde haue / Eiche men & 
myghti men haue come byfore yow & aH pat I haue, out-take my 
pcdeis, I haue geue hem / & if )>ei Askyd my paleis pei had had it ; 
perfoT I haue noght for to geue yow " / ))ei seyde, ** A, lorde, haue 
mercy on vs, & let not vs go voyde A-way, for certaynly it was our 
blame pat we come not to-fore wtt^ ]>e riche men and myghti / But 
sethe it is pua, we aske your grace pat we mowe haue some what by 
pe whiche we mow leve " / The Emperottr seyde, " here me ; jK)gh 
aH I haue youe to riche men & myghty bat come by-fore yowe lajides 
& t&nement^, nexierpeL&s I haue hold pe lordschip in myn hande of att 
pe landes, & half I geue to you, so pat ]>ei be now s^ruauntes to yow 
obedyent " / The poi' meii) whan )>ei herd bis )>ei were right gladde & 
bowid doun) her^ hedes to pe Emp^rour, & lowly & merely ))onkyd 


the EmperonT, and lowly and mekely thanked hym, and said, ** we 
are come late, and are made lordes of other ! " whan this was said, 
thei went home ayene. IT The riche men and the grete, whan thei 
herd this, thei were gretely stered with in hem self*, and said to^dre, 
IT AllasJ how is this mynystred to ts, that thei that were wonte to 
be our chorles and seroaontes in aB. thyng, now are made oure lordes. 
Go we 1^ anon) to the Emperour, and be-thynke vs a remedye.'* thei 
saiden) iJi, '4t is a good counsaile." IT Anon) thei wente to the 
Emp^roar, and saiden), " Sir, what is that our servanntes now are 
made our lordes ) we pray you, that it be not so." IT The Emp^rour 
said, '' ftendes, I do you no wronge. was not the crie made comon), 
what some ever ye asked of me, ye shuld have f and ye asked but 
londes, and rentes, and dignytees, and worshippes, and aH I graunte 
you at your wille, in so mekeH that to my self I held right nought ; 
and eche of you, whan he went fro me, ye were right wele apaied. 
IT Aftir you come poore men and symple, and asked of me some 
goodes, aftir the yertu of the ^crie. and I had no thynge to yeve 
hem. before I yave aH to you, out take the lordshippe that I held 
in my hand ; and whan the poore men cried on me, I had no thyng 

> leaf 47, back. 

[Second Vernon, Cambr. MS. Ek, 1. 6.] 

hym & seyde, '' We Are come late, & made lordes of ojier." Whan 

(is was seyde yei went home a-gayfi / The riche men & fe grete 
erd fia & were gretely styrid wit^ in hemnself', & made a comyn 
parlament wttA in hemHself & seyde to-geder, " Alas ! how is it 
ministrid to vs f ]>ei ^at were wont to be charlys & BenuLUDies in i^ 
])ing< now Are made our lorde[8], Go we alt A-none to pe "Emperour 
to-geder, & be-bink vs on some remedy." )»ei seyde alt, '' It is a 
good counceiH / Anone fei went & seyde to fe EmperoMr / " Sir, 
how is it fat our Berxi&untes now are made our lordes t We pray 
yow J)at it be not so " / The Emperowr seide, " Erendes, I do yow 
no wrong* / Was not pe cry made comyll *J>at what so eucr ye ac^yd 
ye sholde haue, and ye askyd but landes <& tememeni^ & dignites & 
worshippis, & aH I graunt yow at your will, In so mych bat to 
my^self* I helde right noght, & eche of yow whan ye went m> me 
were right gladda After yow come pore mell & simple & askyd of 
me some goodes after ]>e yertu of ]>e crye / And I had no ]>ing for to 

■ leaf2S6. 


f Olio yeve hem but loidshipp^ above yon. and therfore ye ought not to 
blame me in no thyng, for that ye asked, ye had" if Than seid thei, 
" A I lord, we pray the effectually of yonre^ counsaile in this parte, 
and help." if The Emperour said, ** yf ye wille assent to my counsaile, 
I shaH yeve you a prophitable counsaila" Thei said, " ye, lord, we 
are redy to fulfille what so ever ye say to vs for our profite." IT The 
Emparour said, '^ ye have by me many londes and tenementes, witfi. 
other goodes I-now habundauntly ; Therfore partet^ with the poore." 
and so gladly they did, and devided her goodes amonge poore men 
and symple ; and so he graunted hem^ lordshipp6. and so bothe were 
paid ; and the Emperour was praised of att his peple, that so wisely 
brought to accord bothe the parties. 

IT Deolaraoio. IT This Emp^our is our lord lesn crist, that by his 
prophetes, patriarkes, and appostels made to be proclamed, that att 
men shuld come and aske ever lastyng ioye, and witb outen doute 
thei shuld have it. if But grete men and mighty of this world 
asken) no thyng els but transitorie thynges and f ailyng, as are worldly 
goodes ; for the world passeth, and his concupiscence, for he gaf 
to hem so mekett, that he kept no thyng to hym self ; for he said, 
briddes of heven) have nestes, foxes have dennes, but the sone of 
a maide hath not wherto he may lay his hede. IT Poore men are tho 
that are meke of hert ; IT Of whiche poore men speketh oui* saviour, 
and seith, IT Blissed be the poore of sprite, for enheriters of the 
kyngdom) of heven. and so it foloweth, that poore men shatt have 

' MS. one. * MS. hym. 

[Second Version. Camhr. MS, Kk, 1. 6.] 

gene hem but lordship aboue yow / & J)e?'for ye ow not to blame me 
noting, for fat ye askyd ye had " / pan pei seyde, '* A, lorde / We 
pray pe of counceitt & of helpe in pis parte." The Emperowr seyde, 
" if ye wole Assent to my cownceiH, I shatt geue yow A profitable 
counceitt. pei seyde, " ye, lorde, we Ai* redy to fulfitt what so eu<?r 
pou seyst to vs for our profit " / The Emperowr seide, " ye haue of 
me landes & tQnement^ w?t7i opcr goodes y-nogh Abundauntly ; p«^or 
partith with pe pore," & so gladly pei dyd & dyuydyd her goodes 
a-mong pore men & simple, & so he grauntyd hem lordship. And 
so bothe were paid, & the Emperowr gretly preysyd of sA his peple 
pat so wysely had made a-corde with hope parties. 


lordsIiipp6 aboue rich© men and myghty of this world. What is than 
f orto do riche men 1 forsothe that thei divide her temporatt goodes 
to poore men ; as it is written), % yeve almesse, and ali J^jng shaii be 
dene to you. and so ye may gete half* the kyngdom) of heven) ; to 
the whiche brynge vs he that reigneth wit£l outen) ende ! Amen). 

[ XXXIV. ] 
(of the dowries which an emperor gave to his two dauohtbrs.) 

DOmyciane reigned in the Citee of Eome, that was a wise man, 
and had many possessions. This Emp^rour had ij. doughtirs, 
one faire, a nothei' ^blak*. % he did crie thurgh his Empire, 
that who so wold wedde his faire doughtir, shuld no thyng haue 
with her but her fairenesse ; And who so wold his blak* doughtir to 
wyf, shuld have aH his Empire with her, after his dissease. % And 
whan the crie was made, moche peple come to the Emperours paleys, 
and asked the faire doughtir to wyf*. The Emperour said, " ye wote 
not what ye aske. For, by the crowne of my hede, ye shuH nought 
have with my doughtir that \a faire but only her fairenesse ; yf ye 
desire Je other doughtir, I shalle yeve aH my Empire with her, 
after my dissease." % The grete men, whan thei herd this, thei 
wold not assente to his saiyng. % Whan the Emperour herd this, 
he said to hem, ** Frendes, ye are many ; and yf I graunted my faire 

^ leaf 47. 

\8ec(md Version. Cambr. M8. Kk. 1. 6.] 


Domiciane regned in ^ Cite of Eome Ipai was A wise man, & 
his pocessioil was myche. This Emp«rot*r had .ij. doghters, 
on fayre, a-nober blak : he did crye borogh his Empire fat who so 
wold wedde his fayre doght^'r sholde haue no f yng but her fayrenes, 
& who so wold haue ))e blak^ doghter to wyf shold haue aH his 
Empire after his dissece / And whan f e cry was made mych peple 
Tome to f e pales & askyd fe fayre doghtur to wyf*. The EmperoMr 
seyde, " ye wote not what ye aske, for by J>e crowne of myfi hede, ye 
shuti haue wit^ my fayre doghte?' but att only her fayrenesse, but if- 
ye desyre fat of er I shati geue yow all myn Empire ilXer my decece. 
The grete mefl whan f ei herd f is f ei wolde not Assent to his sayeng* / 
Whan fe Empcrowr herd fis he seyde to hem / "Frendes, ye are 
mcuy, & if I grauntyd my fayre doghter to one of yow & not anof er / 

QESTA. 23 


douglitir to one of you, and not to another, there shul($ be betwixe 
you stryf< and debate. Therfore gothe, and make a turnement 
amonge you for her love, and he shaU have the victorie, shaH haue 
her to vyf." IF Thei herde this, and were gla(} ; and wenten) and 
maden) not only a turnement but a bataile, for the maidens love ; 
wherfore many were dede in the bataile, but one had the yictorie, 
and wedded the maiden). IF whan the second doughtir, that was 
blak*, sawe that her sustir was wedded with so mekeH myrthe and 
gladnesse, she sorowed mekeH, and every day wept bitterly. IF whan 
the Emperour herd this, he came to his doughtir, and said, '' I my 
my dere doughtir, for what thyng is thi soule turmented ) " She 
said, IF '* ! my reverent fadir, it is no wondir that I thus sorow, 
for my sustir is married with so greto worshippe and gladnesse, and 
ati that shali see me, shaH hate my felishippe ; and therfore what is 
best to be done, vtterly I wote never." IT The Emp«7^)ur said, " o ! 
my dere doughtir, all that is myn) is thyn). And thou knowest wele, 
that he that hathe wedded thi sustir,^ hath no thynge with her 
but her fairenesse ; IF And therfore I shaH do crie by kyngdomes 
and castels, that who so wiUe wedde the, I shaH make hym a lettre 
vndre my scale, that after my dissease he shaft have my Empire.^ 

' MS. doughtir. 

[Second Version, Cambr, MS. Kk. 1. 6.] 

fat shold be by-twix you stryf* & debate / ferfor gothe and make A 
tumament A-mong* yow for her love, & he bat hath f e victory shali 
haue her to wyf* " / fei herde pia & were rignt glad, & made not only 
A tumament but a bataile for ]>e maydes loue. ^Wherefor in fe 
bataile meny were dede but one had J>e victory & wedded J>e mayde / 
Whan be second doughtur fat was blak* herd fat hii* sustyr was 
weddyd wit^ myrthe & gladnes she sorowyd mych & euery day 
wept / whan f e Empero?^r herde f is he come to his doughty & seyde, 
** my dere doughter, for what f ing is f i soule turmentyd 1 " / She 
seyde, " my reuerent fader, it is no wonder fat I thus make sorowe 
for my suster is maried w/t7i grete worship & gladnes, & aU fat 
shuH se me shuH hate my felawship, & herfoT what is best to do 
vtterly I note." The Empero?*r seyde, " my dere doughter, aH fat 
IS myn is fin / & f ou knowest wele he fat hathe weddyd f i suster 
hath no f ing* with her but hei' fayrenes / & f erfor I shaft do cry by 
kyndomes & castels fat whoso wift wedde f e I shaft make hym A 

' leaf 236, back. 


"Whan she herd this, she was comforted. IF And whan the crie was 
made, of a persone of the Emperours, there come a gentile knyght 
that hight lambert, and asketJ of the Emperour his blak* doughtir to 
wyf«; and he grauntecJ hym, with her grete ioye, and he wedded 
her. And whan the Emperonr was dede, he was ^made Emperour. 

IF Bedaracio. Frendes, this Emperour is our lord? Ihesvi crist, 
that hathe .ij. doughtirs, one faire, that is, the worlde, the whiche is 
futt faire to many a man, and the other doughtir blak*, that is, 
poverte or tiibulacion), that few men desiren for to wedde. Never- 
tbelesse a comon) crie is made, by holy scripture, that in the world 
thou shalt no thyng have but her fairenesse, that is, the vanyte of 
the world, that sone passeth away, as the fairenesse of man. IF But 
thei that take wilfuti: poverte and tribulacion), for the love of Xlie^^u 
crist, withouten) doute thei shatf have the kyngdom) of heven) ; as 
crist saith, IF ye that have forsake aii thyng, and haue folowedf me, 
ye shali have an hundred fold more, and ever lastyng blisse therto. 
Many noble men and grete, in a passyng nombre, come for the iirst 
faire doughtir, that is, for the world, and with labour sechen it, and 
sometyme tighten) by lond and watir, that is, whan thei putteo) aH 
her studie in worldly thynges ; so that for the world many a man is 
dede, wil£ outen nombre. for alle that is in the world either it is 
pride of lyf*, or concupiscance of eyen), or concupiscence of flessh, for 
aH the world is but in wikkednesse. but he that weddid the faire 
doughtir, for sothe is he, that with aH his desire and assent strengthith 
hym for to wedde the world, and in no maner wolle leve it, as the 
Avarous man, and covetous man. IF But he that weddeth the blak* 
doughtir, is a good cristen man, that for the love of the kyngdom) of 
heven) leveth aH worldly thynges, and dispiseth hym self* bodely, 

' leaf 48, baok. 

[Second Version. CamW, MS. Kk. 1. 6.] 

lett^ vndcr my sele bat after my decece he shaH haue aH myfi 
Empire " / Whan she hard fis she was comfortyd / And whan J)e 
ciye was made of a persone of fe Emperowrs / Ther come A gentiH 
knyght, ^ai hyght Lamberte, & askyd of ]7e Emp^ot^r his blak 
doughtur to wyf , & he grauntyd hym, & wit^ grete loy he weddyd 
hei^ / & whan ))e Emperowr was dede he was made Emperour. 


and obeyetfi to his souerayns in aii thynges. forsothe suche one 
shaH have the Empire of the kyngdom) of heven) ; to the whiche 
bryng ys Ihe^u crist ! Amen. 

[ XXXV. ] 



Antonyns in the Citee of Eome reignec), a man right wise, that 
ha($ a faiie doughtir, that hight lerabelle, and was desired 
of many. Keverthelesse she made a vowe to god, that she 
shuld never take husbondf, but yf he myght do .iij. thynges, IT That 
is, [fyrst] to chaunge the wynde fro the Northe in to the Est, whan her 
f adir wolcF. The' second was, to mete aH: the Elementes, as vnto the 
brede and lengthe, and how many fete aH the Elementes conteyned. 
% The thirde was, that he shuld here fire in his bosom), by the bare 
flessh, with out brennyng ^of his flesslL many grete men, whan 
thei had herd her vowe, they wold not besy hem for to have her ; 
and so she dwelled many yeres in her maydenhode. IT There was 
that tyme in ferre countrees a gentile knyght, whose name was 
Flebeus,^ that on a tyme as he lay in his bedde, he thought wil^ in 
hym self, " I am but a poore knyght ; yf I myght by any mean 

' leaf 49. * MS. PlebuB. 

[Second Version. Cambr. MS. Kk, 1. 6.] 


r A Intonius in )>e Cite of Eome regned, a man right wyse, ^t 
[jLjLJ had a fayre doghtur fat hight lerabelle, & was desyiyd of 
many. !Neuer)7eles she made a-vowe to god pat she wolde neu^ take 
husband / but he myght do .iij. fingys / fat is, to change fe wynd 
fro fe northe in to fe est Whan fe fader wolde. The second was, 
to mete ati f e elementes, As vn-to f e brede & le[n]gthe, & how meny 
fete fe elements* conteynyd / The .iij. is he shold here fir* in his 
bosom by fe bare flesshe with out brynnyng* of his fiesshe // Many 
grete men whan fei herd her' a-vowe fei wold not byse hem for to 
haue hii^, & so she dwellyd many wyntria in hii* maydyfl-hoode / 
Ther was fat tyme in ferre contres a gentiH knyght, whos name was 
plebeus, fat on a tyme as he lay in his bedde he fought with-in 
hym-seli, " I am A pore knyght ; If I myght by eny wey haue f e 


have the Emperours doughtir, I shuld not aB only be promoted to 
richesse, but also aB my kjrnrede." than he went to the Emperours 
paleys, and knokked at the gate. The porter asked, whi he knokked ) 
IT he said, ''I am a knyght of ferre countre, and plebeus is my 
name ; and I am come for to have the Emperonrs doughtir to vyf ." 
The porter said, " have kepyng* of thi self*, and wete wele, that no 
man shaH have the doughtir of my lord but yf he do .iij. thynges. 
IT One is, that he chaunge the wynde ; mete the Elementes ; and 
here fire in his bosom) wit£ out hurtyng ; and he that putteth hym 
to thise thynges, and faileth, he shaH lose his hede." The knyght 
said, " before I come hedir I herde this processe, but with outeh) 
doute I shaH fulfille the peticioo) of the maiden)." IF Whan the 
porter herd this, he lette hym entre ; and [he] come, and stode before 
the Enip«^ur, and asked the maiden) to wyf*. The Emperour said, 
'* Yf thou wilte fulfille the peticion) of my doughtir, thou shalt have 
her to wyf*." he said, " sir, I am redy to fulfille [hem.] iy . thynges 
there be that your doughter wold have fulfilled. The first is, to 
chaunge the wynde fro fe northe into the Est ; lo ! I am redy for to 
prove that." The knyght had an horse, that was wode ; and yaf 
hym a drynk*, by vertu of the whiche drynk* he was delyuered of 

[Second Version. Cambr. MS. Kk. 1. 6.] 

EmpcroMrs doght^, I ehold not all only be promotyd to riches, but 
also all my kynred" / Than he went to be EmperoMrs pales & 
knokkyd at f e gate / The porter askyd whi he knokkyd ; he seyde, 
" I am a knyght of ferre centres, plebius is my name / 1 come for ^ to 
haue fe Einpero?irs doughtur to wyf " / The porter seyde, "haue 
kepyng* of fi-self*, & wite wele f er shaH no man haue fe dought^?r 
of my lorde, but if he do .iij. jjinges / On) is to change fe wynde / 
mete fe Elementes / & here fyre in his bosom w/tA*out hurting*, & 
he pat puttyth hym to do pea .iij. ])iuges & faylyth he shaH be put 
of* " / The knyght seyde, " by-fore I com heder I herd f is processe, 
but with-ovLt dout I shaH fnlfiH pe peticion of f e mayde " // Whan 
]>o porter herd pis he lete hym enti', & [he] come Ss stode by-fore ^e 
Emperot^r, & askyd J>e mayde to wyf* / " If pou fulfiH pe peticion of 
my doughter, |)ou shalt haue her to wyf " / he seyde, " syr, I am redy 
to fulfiH hem // .iij. ))ingis per be pat your doughtur wold haue 
fulfilled / The first is, to change J>e wynde fro pe northe in-to pe 
este / lo ! I am redy for to proue pat " / The knyght had an hors f^^t 

» leaf 237. 


his woodnesse. IT Whan this was done, he put his hede tovarcl the 
Est, and said, '^ six, behold the wynde is turned from the Korthe 
into the Est." The Emperour said, '^ what is that to chaunge the 
wynde 1 '' he said, '^ yis, sir, what is the lyf of man or of any best 
but a liteii wynde 1 for as longe as myn) horse was wood, so longe it 
was in the northe, for dA evels cometh out of the Northe. I yaf* 
hyni a drynke, that his woodnesse shuld cease, and now he hathe 
his hede in the Est, and is redy forto here alle burthons. and so 
the wynde is chaunged fro the northe in to the Esf % The 
Emp«7*our said, '' forsothe thou hast wele proved the first peticion) ; 
lette vs now se ; for the second peticion) is this, forto mete the .iiij. 
Elementes, after alie her divisions.'' % ** Se now, that I shali derely 
prove it." Anon) ^he made his Squyer to light down) on the ground, 
and he beganne to mete fro the hede vnto the fete, the length and 
the brede, and the depnesse. whan this was don), he said to jfe 
Emperour, IF " Sir, leve me, there are not .vij. fete and an half" fully 
in length of the elementes all, and so many in brede." what is that 
to J>e .iiij. elementes 1" said fe Emp^our. IT The knyght said, "sir, 
it is wele know to you, that in man la .iiij. Elementes ; and sithe I 

* leaf 49, back. 

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[Second Version. Camhr, MS, Kk, 1. 6.] 

was woode, & gaf hym a drynke by vertu of fe which diynke he 
was delyuerd of his wodnes / Whan f is was done he put his hede 
toward fe Este and seyde / " behold ! for fe wynd is fro )je nor)>e 
in-to fe Este " / The Emperowr seyde, " what is ]?is to changyng* of 
the wynd 1" / he seyde, " yes, syr. What is f e lyf" of man or best 
but a lytiti wynd 1 As long Aa myn hors was wode so long* it was 
in f e northe, for aH euyti comyth out of f e nor)>e / I gaf hym a 
drynke fat his woodnes shold cese, & now he hathe his hede in-to pe 
Este, & is redy to here aH byrthens, & so j>e wynd is changyd fro 
}>e northe in-to fe Este " / The Emperowr seyde, " forso])e, fou hast 
wele p?'(^uyd \>e fi I'ste peticion, let vs now se for pe second peticiofi is 
J>i8 for to mete aH f e elementes after afl her deuysons " / " Se now, I 
shall cle[r]ly proue it." / Anone he made his squyer to lye doufl on 
J)e grownd, & he bygan to mete fro pe hede vn-[to J>e fete] J>e lengthen 

!ie depnes. whan pis was done he seyde to pe Empcrowr / " Sir, 
eue me, ))ei are not .vij. fete & an half* fully in pe lengthe of pe 
Elementes, & also many in brede" / "what is ))i3 to ]>e Jiij. 
Elements* ] seyde pe Emperour / The knyght seyde / "Syr, it is 


have moten) the membres of my squyers body, so I have the 
Elementes ; and so, as me semetti, is assoile($ the second peticion).*' 
IT The Emp«-oQr saicJ, " forsothe, right wele thou hast proved it ; 
go now to the thirde peticion)." the knyght said, " I am redy to 
fulfille att your wille." IF Anon) he toke a brennyng cole, and .iij. 
daies he bare it in his bosom), wit£ out brennyng or hurtyng of his 
fleesB. IT This saw the Emperour, and saide, " Say me, frende, how 
may this be, for the other .ij. clerly I sey, but how it may be of the 
fire, vtterly I wote never." f he said, "sir, my modir yaf me a 
precious stone, by vertu of pe which the fire may not noye me," the 
Emperour heryng this, was gretly glad, and said, " for sothe, wisely